CN102182502A - Second-generation ice storage equipment of mining rescue capsule - Google Patents

Second-generation ice storage equipment of mining rescue capsule Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102182502A
CN102182502A CN2011100878224A CN201110087822A CN102182502A CN 102182502 A CN102182502 A CN 102182502A CN 2011100878224 A CN2011100878224 A CN 2011100878224A CN 201110087822 A CN201110087822 A CN 201110087822A CN 102182502 A CN102182502 A CN 102182502A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
space
ice
air
heat exchange
ice storage
Prior art date
Application number
CN2011100878224A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
马海东
朱静波
Original Assignee
北京光华创世科技有限责任公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by 北京光华创世科技有限责任公司 filed Critical 北京光华创世科技有限责任公司
Priority to CN2011100878224A priority Critical patent/CN102182502A/en
Publication of CN102182502A publication Critical patent/CN102182502A/en

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Abstract

The invention provides the second-generation ice storage equipment of a mining rescue capsule. The equipment comprises a box body, wherein an air supply space and an ice storage space which are independent of each other are arranged in the box body; in the air supply space, an air opening is formed on a side wall and communicated with the outside; an air supply device is arranged in the air supply space and comprises a heat exchange coil and a water pump; a water outlet of the water pump is connected with an inlet pipe end of the heat exchange coil; an outlet pipe end of the heat exchange coil extends out of the air supply space and into the ice storage space; the air supply device further comprises a fan which is arranged in the air supply space; an ice storage space on the side of the air supply space and/or below the air supply space is a closed space in which an ice storage coil is arranged; an inlet end and an outlet end of the ice storage coil extend out of the ice storage space and form an inlet and an outlet of a refrigerant; and a water injection hole, an air exhaust hole and a water discharge hole are formed in the wall of the ice storage space. The ice storage equipment well overcomes the defects of low refrigerating power, poor adjustability, low reliability and complicated process in the first-generation ice storage equipment of the mining rescue capsule due to dependence on a gravity circulation principle, has functions of temperature effective reduction and dehumidification, and is compact in structure and multifunctional.

Description

Two generations are mining survival capsule ice-storage equipment
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of being applied in and be used to the energy storage system of lowering the temperature, dehumidifying in the mining survival capsule, especially a kind of two generations mining survival capsule ice-storage equipment.
Background technology
Mining survival capsule is the Eleventh Five-Year Plan period great science and technology support plan of country, be the key technology that a primary study solves the great calamity emergency rescue in mine, and ice-storage equipment wherein is one of most important core component in the cabin.Its major function is to provide cooling, dehumidification function for survival capsule.
Ice-storage equipment technology in the first generation product is to utilize the forced ventilation of gravity circulation air path to lower the temperature, dehumidify, there are refrigeration work consumption amount less than normal and adjustability difference and the lower defective of reliability, and processing technology complexity, cost are higher, can not better adapt to the functional requirement of cooling in the mining survival capsule, dehumidifying.
For adapting to environmental requirement in the mining survival capsule, realize higher more stable cooling, dehumidification function, there is pair existing defective of generation product to carry out improved necessity.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to solve the problems referred to above of ice-storage equipment in the prior art, provide a kind of compact conformation, multiple functional, use reliable, technology is simple, only there is being emergency battery to provide under the situation of electric energy, the ice-storage equipment of cooling, dehumidification function just can be provided for survival capsule.
Two generations provided by the invention mining survival capsule ice-storage equipment, it comprises a casing, in this casing, cut apart two separate air-supply spaces and ice-reserving space are arranged by dividing plate, therein in Shang Fang the described air-supply space, wall box is provided with an air port and is in communication with the outside, in this space, be provided with an air-supply arrangement, this air-supply arrangement comprises a heat exchange coil, described heat exchange coil is fixed in the described air-supply space, also comprise a water pump, the water inlet of this water pump connects an end of a water pipe, the other end of this water pipe passes dividing plate and places described ice-reserving space, the delivery port of this water pump connects the import pipe end of described heat exchange coil, and the outlet pipe end of this heat exchange coil stretches out this air-supply space and places described ice-reserving space, to finish solution circulation in described heat exchange coil in the air-supply arrangement and the ice-reserving space; Also comprise a blower fan, its position that is arranged in the described air-supply space is: make air in the described space pass in and out this space and flow through on described heat exchange coil, described in the described casing air-supply space the side and/or below described ice-reserving space be a confined space, in this ice-reserving space an Ice storage coiled pipe is set, the entrance point of this Ice storage coiled pipe and the port of export stretch out import and the outlet that forms refrigerant in the outside in described ice-reserving space; Perforate on the wall in described ice-reserving space constitutes water injection hole, steam vent and dewatering orifice.
In use, Ice storage coiled pipe is by the refrigerant import on it and export the refrigerant conveying equipment that is connected peripheral hardware, at ice-reserving space input cooling water, makes Ice storage coiled pipe place cooling water by water injection hole.Refrigerant makes and freezes on the outside tube wall of Ice storage coiled pipe, make cooling water temperature, start the water pump in the air-supply space, make cooling water forcibly be transported in the heat exchange coil, make air in the survival capsule force by blower fan and enter the air-supply space, survival capsule is being sent in cooling through heat exchange coil back to, plays the effect of survival capsule space cooling.
A side is passed through dividing plate confined space everywhere, its built-in described water pump in described air-supply space.Such design can be so that this ice-storage equipment noise reduces, while equipment better appearance, and in addition, the dust tightness of water pump improves.
Two generations provided by the invention mining survival capsule ice-storage equipment, change the consistent pattern that the cooling water in the heat exchange coil in the air-supply arrangement is carried by action of gravity in the prior art, change forced conveyance into, like this can be so that the cooling water inflow in the heat exchange coil is more even, more stable, simultaneously, cooling water inflow becomes and can control, the cold that discharges is also just more even, stable and controlled, in addition, can under the situation of the survival capsule constancy of volume, can reduce the volume of ice-storage equipment so that the heat exchange area of heat exchange coil is fully used, thus, the space that saves can be used for the increase in survival capsule space.This point meaning in survival capsule weighs very much.In order to reach enough exchange capability of heat, common survival capsule all is the four-player storehouse, and has used ice-storage equipment provided by the invention in the prior art, because heat transfer space can dwindle, onesize survival capsule can hold more personnel.Common four-player storehouse can hold five to six people.Have, the air-supply space of ice-storage equipment of the present invention is arranged on top again, and its output cold air more helps its circulation in survival capsule, and this also can improve exchange capability of heat.
In the mining ice storage unit of the first generation owing to be to utilize gravity circulation, it is put cold and puts cold effect and can not get guaranteeing, under for the situation of strengthening its thermal discharge, no matter from designing still on processing technology, still on the cold space of putting of equipment, all need to consume bigger manpower, material resources, and two generations provided by the invention mining survival capsule ice-storage equipment, because its defective to a generation has the improvement of essence, thereby make production simple, and compact conformation, equal can store more cold than generation product under the unit volume, it is lower to be reflected on the manufacturing cost cost under the unit's of equaling cold.
The invention will be further described below by drawings and Examples.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 be two generations provided by the invention mining survival capsule with ice-storage equipment master TV structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is these two generations mining survival capsule ice-storage equipment left side TV structure schematic diagrames.
Fig. 3 is these two generations mining survival capsule right TV structure schematic diagrames of ice-storage equipment.
Fig. 4 is these two generations mining survival capsule ice-storage equipment plan structure schematic diagrames.
The specific embodiment
Shown in Fig. 1,2,3,4, in these two generations,, mining survival capsule comprised a casing with the ice-reserving case, and this casing is divided into two spaces up and down particularly: the air-supply space A on top and the ice-reserving space B of bottom.
On this air-supply A right side, space, casing middle and upper part one air-supply arrangement is set, wall box is provided with an air outlet 3 and is in communication with the outside, in the A of this air-supply space, be provided with an air-supply arrangement, this air-supply arrangement comprises a heat exchange coil 13, described heat exchange coil 13 is fixed among the described air-supply space A, also comprise a water pump 6, a side is passed through dividing plate confined space everywhere, its built-in described water pump 6 in described air-supply space.The water inlet of this water pump 6 connects an end of a water pipe 8, the other end of this water pipe 8 passes dividing plate and places described ice-reserving space, the delivery port of this water pump 6 connects an end of a water pipe 7, the other end of this water pipe 7 connects the import pipe end of described heat exchange coil 13, an end that connects a water pipe 9 on the outlet pipe end of this heat exchange coil 13, the other end of this water pipe 9 stretches out this air-supply space and places described ice-reserving space, to finish solution circulation in described heat exchange coil in the air-supply arrangement and the ice-reserving space; Also comprise a blower fan 14, this blower fan 14 connects motor 15, the position that blower fan 14 is arranged among the described air-supply space A is: make air among the described air-supply space A pass in and out this space and flow through on described heat exchange coil, described ice-reserving space B below the space A of air-supply described in the described casing is a confined space, in this ice-reserving space B an Ice storage coiled pipe is set, the entrance point of this Ice storage coiled pipe and the port of export stretch out import 10 and the outlet 11 that forms refrigerant in the outside in described ice-reserving space; Perforate on the wall of described ice-reserving space B constitutes water injection hole 4, steam vent 5 and dewatering orifice 12.
14 runnings 14 are driven by motor 15 the survival capsule room air through small-sized fan in the air-supply arrangement, force the interior heat exchange coil 13 of room air and air-supply arrangement to carry out interchange of heat, the ice-out that store in the ice-reserving space B this moment, the cold that discharges is by built-in water pump 6 in the equipment, water in the ice-reserving space B flows into water pump 6 by water pipe 8, flows into heat exchange coil 13 in the air-supply arrangement through water pipe 7, flow in the ice-storage equipment by water pipe 9 then, finish circulation.Carry out interchange of heat by heat exchange coil in the air-supply arrangement 13 and room air like this, send into by air outlet 3 indoor, thereby realize cooling, dehumidification function.The switch of blower fan, the start-stop of water pump are implemented by the control button 1 that is positioned on the control panel 2.
Constitute a closed box body space in this lower box B space, it is Ice storage coiled pipe that heat exchange pipeline is set in this cabinet space, and the tank wall that two ports of this heat exchange pipeline pass casing forms the import 10 of refrigerant and exports 11.In the ice-reserving process, utilize outdoor refrigerator to make frozen liq by this ice-storage equipment inner coil pipe, build-up ice in the equipment inner coil pipe outside and finish the ice-reserving process.In the deicing processes, utilize casing air-supply arrangement side to establish small pump 6, the water in the ice-storage equipment flows into water pump by water pipe 8, flows into heat exchange coil 13 in the air-supply arrangement through water pipe 7, flows in the ice-storage equipment by water pipe 9 then, finishes circulation.Carry out interchange of heat by heat exchange coil in the air-supply arrangement 13 and room air like this, send into by air outlet 3 indoor, thereby realize the cooling function.
By the water filling port of offering 4, moisturizing regularly; Also establish gas vent 5 simultaneously and help water filling, emptying ice-reserving space B cooling water when dewatering outlet 12 is used for maintenance or maintenance.
This ice-storage equipment comprises a casing, in this casing, comprise an air-supply arrangement, room air is through small-sized fan running in the air-supply arrangement, force the interior heat exchange coil of room air and air-supply arrangement to carry out interchange of heat, the ice-out that store in the ice-storage equipment this moment, the cold that discharges carries out interchange of heat by heat exchange coil in the air-supply arrangement and room air and realizes the cooling function by built-in mechanical water pump circulation in the equipment.
Constitute a closed box body space in the casing, in this cabinet space heat exchange pipeline is set, two ports of this heat exchange pipeline pass the import and the outlet of the tank wall formation refrigerant of casing.In the ice-reserving process, utilize outdoor refrigerator to make frozen liq by this ice-storage equipment inner coil pipe, build-up ice in the equipment inner coil pipe outside and finish the ice-reserving process.In the deicing processes, utilize casing air-supply arrangement side to establish small pump, connect liquid in interior solution of air-supply arrangement coil pipe and the closed box body space, make the cold that stores discharge the function that reaches cooling by mechanical cycles.Because big by the air water capacity, fluid temperature is low in the coil pipe simultaneously, can also reach the function of dehumidifying in cooling.
Mining survival capsule provided by the invention by rational deployment, is provided with air-supply arrangement with the ice-reserving case in a casing, remaining space is used to place heat exchange pipeline and water in the casing, utilizes device space cold-storage to greatest extent.This ice storage unit with under the situation of very little electrical power, can be realized cooling, dehumidification function only.

Claims (2)

  1. One kind two generation mining survival capsule ice-storage equipment, it is characterized in that: comprise a casing, in this casing, cut apart two separate air-supply spaces and ice-reserving space are arranged by dividing plate, therein in Shang Fang the described air-supply space, wall box is provided with an air port and is in communication with the outside, in this space, be provided with an air-supply arrangement, this air-supply arrangement comprises a heat exchange coil, described heat exchange coil is fixed in the described air-supply space, also comprise a water pump, the water inlet of this water pump connects an end of a water pipe, the other end of this water pipe passes dividing plate and places described ice-reserving space, the delivery port of this water pump connects the import pipe end of described heat exchange coil, and the outlet pipe end of this heat exchange coil stretches out this air-supply space and places described ice-reserving space, to finish solution circulation in described heat exchange coil in the air-supply arrangement and the ice-reserving space; Also comprise a blower fan, its position that is arranged in the described air-supply space is: make air in the described space pass in and out this space and flow through on described heat exchange coil, described in the described casing air-supply space the side and/or below described ice-reserving space be a confined space, in this ice-reserving space an Ice storage coiled pipe is set, the entrance point of this Ice storage coiled pipe and the port of export stretch out import and the outlet that forms refrigerant in the outside in described ice-reserving space; Perforate on the wall in described ice-reserving space constitutes water injection hole, steam vent and dewatering orifice.
  2. 2. two generations according to claim 1 mining survival capsule ice-storage equipment, it is characterized in that: a side is by dividing plate confined space everywhere, its built-in described water pump in described air-supply space.
CN2011100878224A 2011-04-08 2011-04-08 Second-generation ice storage equipment of mining rescue capsule CN102182502A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102587954A (en) * 2012-02-17 2012-07-18 无锡康宁防爆电器有限公司 Anti-explosion and ice-storage air conditioning device of mine escape capsule
CN103982225A (en) * 2014-05-23 2014-08-13 福建省东南机械科技有限公司 Internal environment adjusting system of mining underground escape capsule

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
PL174295B1 (en) * 1993-12-02 1998-07-31 Waermetechnik Gmbh Air conditioning system for underground mine workings
CN1314572A (en) * 2000-03-20 2001-09-26 徐宝安 Variable volume ice storage air conditioner and refrigerator
CN101504176A (en) * 2009-03-10 2009-08-12 北京科技大学 Air conditioning system used for removable emergency escape capsule for coal mine
CN201322488Y (en) * 2008-10-31 2009-10-07 北京光华创世科技有限责任公司 Ice-storage box for mine rescue capsule
CN201963349U (en) * 2011-04-08 2011-09-07 北京光华创世科技有限责任公司 Second-generation ice storage equipment in rescue capsule for mine

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
PL174295B1 (en) * 1993-12-02 1998-07-31 Waermetechnik Gmbh Air conditioning system for underground mine workings
CN1314572A (en) * 2000-03-20 2001-09-26 徐宝安 Variable volume ice storage air conditioner and refrigerator
CN201322488Y (en) * 2008-10-31 2009-10-07 北京光华创世科技有限责任公司 Ice-storage box for mine rescue capsule
CN101504176A (en) * 2009-03-10 2009-08-12 北京科技大学 Air conditioning system used for removable emergency escape capsule for coal mine
CN201963349U (en) * 2011-04-08 2011-09-07 北京光华创世科技有限责任公司 Second-generation ice storage equipment in rescue capsule for mine

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102587954A (en) * 2012-02-17 2012-07-18 无锡康宁防爆电器有限公司 Anti-explosion and ice-storage air conditioning device of mine escape capsule
CN103982225A (en) * 2014-05-23 2014-08-13 福建省东南机械科技有限公司 Internal environment adjusting system of mining underground escape capsule

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Application publication date: 20110914

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