CN102155156B - High-speed hydraulic drilling machine - Google Patents

High-speed hydraulic drilling machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102155156B
CN102155156B CN2011100252066A CN201110025206A CN102155156B CN 102155156 B CN102155156 B CN 102155156B CN 2011100252066 A CN2011100252066 A CN 2011100252066A CN 201110025206 A CN201110025206 A CN 201110025206A CN 102155156 B CN102155156 B CN 102155156B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pull bar
planker
bearing
drilling rod
leading truck
Prior art date
Application number
CN2011100252066A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102155156A (en
Inventor
邹晴
余光伟
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重庆勤牛工程机械有限责任公司
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Priority to CN2011100252066A priority Critical patent/CN102155156B/en
Publication of CN102155156A publication Critical patent/CN102155156A/en
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Publication of CN102155156B publication Critical patent/CN102155156B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a high-speed hydraulic drilling machine. The high-speed hydraulic drilling machine comprises a main machine (1), a drill arm (2), a drill pipe (3), a rotary motor (4), a traction motor (5), a planker (6), a guide frame (7) and a tie rod support frame (8), wherein, the drill arm (2) is equipped with a vertical guide slide rail (2a); the tie rod support frame (8) is positioned above the planker (6) and is fixedly connected with the guide frame (7) through two parallel tie rods (10); and the guide frame (7), the planker (6) and the tie rod support frame (8) are connected with the guide slide rail (2a) in a sliding manner. The high-speed hydraulic drilling machine has the advantages of simple structure, reliable function, better guide-localization effect on the drill pipe, and capability of preventing faults caused by drill pipe wobbling during the operating process; and furthermore, a special rotary motor transmission with a cone gear is reasonably designed according to the need of rotating speed and torque of the drill pipe so that the drill pipe reaches ideal rotating speed and torque during the drilling operation process, thus improving drilling efficiency of the drilling machine.

Description

The high-speed hydraulic rig

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of hydraulic drill rig equipment that is used for the geological prospecting borehole operation.

Background technology

Rig is mainly used in when open-air geological prospecting borehole and various cuts into a mountain operation need bury the engineering the drilling of filling out explosive.Rig generally is made up of main frame, boom cylinder, swing arm, bucket arm cylinder, chain, traction motor, rotation motor, gearbox, planker etc., and main frame is made up of hydraulic system, engine system, air compressor machine, electrical apparatus control system and air-conditioning system etc.Drill boom and drilling rod all vertically are provided with and both are parallel to each other, and on drill boom, have vertical directive slide track, and planker is fixedly connected with the drilling rod upper end, drive drilling rod and planker together along the directive slide track upstream or downstream by traction motor, are rotated by rotation motor driving drilling rod.The rig that uses does not at present have guiding mechanism mostly, and the run of steel of rig is all bigger, and the oscillating quantity of drilling rod is big, is prone to stuck.Also have the part rig to be provided with the drilling rod leading truck, leading truck be sleeved on the drilling rod and with the drilling rod matched in clearance, leading truck and planker all can be free to slide in directive slide track.Leading truck is driven by oil pump, and through sound assembly pulley or row's formula chain variable velocity zone action-oriented frame upstream or downstream, its structure is very complicated and can not guarantee leading truck with drilling rod uplink synchronization or descending, and fault is many.

In addition, the rig rotation motor drives drilling rod through gearbox, and its gearbox is the automobile gearbox of using.This gearbox is a double reduction, and its input links to each other with rotation motor, and output links to each other with drilling rod, the dead in line of power shaft and output shaft.Because this speed changer is not separately for rig designs, and causes drilling rod in drillng operation, can't obtain desirable rotating speed and moment of torsion.

Summary of the invention

Technical problem to be solved by this invention provides a kind of high-speed hydraulic rig, and its leading truck has guide-localization effect preferably to drilling rod, reduces drilling rod oscillating quantity in the course of the work.

In order to achieve the above object; A kind of high-speed hydraulic rig provided by the invention; Comprise main frame (1), drill boom (2), drilling rod (3), rotation motor (4), traction motor (5), planker (6) and leading truck (7); Have vertical directive slide track (2a) on the said drill boom (2), said planker (6) and drilling rod (3) upper end is fixedly connected, said leading truck (7) be sleeved on the drilling rod (3) and with said drilling rod (3) matched in clearance; Key is: be provided with pull bar (10) in the left and right sides of said drilling rod (3), said pull bar (10) is parallel with directive slide track (2a); Be provided with pull bar bracing frame (8) in said planker (6) top; Said pull bar bracing frame (8) is shelved on said planker (6) and upward and with said directive slide track (2a) is slidingly connected; The upper end of said pull bar (10) is passed planker (6) and is linked to each other with pull bar bracing frame (8); The lower end of this pull bar (10) is fixed on the said leading truck (7), and said leading truck (7) and planker (6) all are slidingly connected with said directive slide track (2a).

The present invention is work like this: main frame passing ratio control valve control traction motor drive sprocket, and the chain wheel drive chain, chain drives planker and drilling rod slides up and down along the directive slide track on the drill boom, thereby realizes that drilling rod promotes and feed motion.During boring; Traction motor driving planker and drilling rod are descending along directive slide track together, and the leading truck that is connected as a single entity, pull bar and pull bar bracing frame are at action of gravity lower edge directive slide track and planker DL synchronization, and leading truck at first contacts with the baffle plate that the directive slide track lower end is provided with; Stop descending; Planker and drilling rod continue descending until with stop after leading truck contacts descendingly, leading truck plays the guide-localization effect to drilling rod, reduces the drill pipe wobbling amount; After boring was accomplished, traction motor driving planker and drilling rod were up together, and planker contacts with the pull bar bracing frame in up process, and it is up together to drive leading truck through pull bar.Main frame drives drilling rod through the solenoid control rotation motor and in leading truck, rotates.

Said pull bar bracing frame (8) comprises drag link bearing (8a) and steel plate (8c); Said drag link bearing (8a) is a level board; Said pull bar bracing frame (8) is slidingly connected through drag link bearing (8a) and said directive slide track (2a); Said steel plate (8c) is symmetricly set on the both sides up and down of drag link bearing (8a); Between said drag link bearing (8a) and steel plate (8c), be provided with beam (8b), said drag link bearing (8a), beam (8b) and steel plate (8c) link together through sunk screw (8d), and said pull bar (10) upper end is fixed on the said drag link bearing (8a).Bracing frame reduces motion through beam and impacts through plane contact on steel plate and the planker, plays cushioning effect.

Said leading truck (7) comprises guide type shoe (7a), T jacket tube (7b), bearing (7c) and bearing (ball) cover (7d); Have up big and down small heavy stand circular hole on the said guide type shoe (7a); Said sleeve (7b) and bearing (7d) are installed in the heavy stand circular hole of guide type shoe (7a) from inside to outside successively; Said bearing (ball) cover (7d) is arranged on the top of said bearing (7c) and is pressed on the bearing (7c) through its hoop boss; Said leading truck (7) is through sleeve (7b) and said drilling rod (3) matched in clearance; This leading truck (7) is slidingly connected through guide type shoe (7a) and said directive slide track (2a), and said pull bar (10) lower end is fixed on the said guide type shoe (7a).Leading truck is through T jacket tube and drilling rod matched in clearance, and sleeve is not easy to wear, and application life is longer, can improve the drilling efficiency of rig.

Said rotation motor (4) links to each other with said drilling rod (3) through gearbox (9); Said gearbox (9) comprises casing (91), power shaft (92), output shaft (93) and jackshaft (94); The parallel axes of said power shaft (92), output shaft (93) and jackshaft (94); Pinion (95) is housed on the said power shaft (92); Casing (91) is all stretched out at the two ends that gear wheel (96) and output shaft (93) are housed on the said output shaft (93), and pagoda gear (97) is housed on the said jackshaft (94), and said pagoda gear (97) is made up of pagoda pinion (97b) and pagoda gear wheel (97a); Said pinion (95) and pagoda gear wheel (97a) engagement, said gear wheel (96) and pagoda pinion (97b) engagement.When rotation motor rotates through gearbox deceleration and driving drilling rod; This speed changer is the two reduction gear of the band pagoda gear that designs for rig specially; Can carry out appropriate design according to the rotating speed and the moment of torsion needs of drilling rod, in drillng operation, obtain desirable rotating speed and moment of torsion to guarantee drilling rod.The pagoda gear is convenient to processing and is installed.

Said pinion (95) is identical with the number of teeth of pagoda pinion (97b), and said gear wheel (96) is identical with the number of teeth of pagoda gear wheel (97a).Made things convenient for the processing and manufacturing of speed changer, reduced the model of gear simultaneously, the part management of being more convenient for.

This beneficial effect of the invention is:

1) leading truck has guide-localization effect preferably to drilling rod, prevents drill pipe wobbling in the course of the work, the protection overall structure.

2) simple in structure, easy to assembly, rotate flexibly.

3) reduce the trouble point, and it is more reliable and more stable to work.

4) it is descending that leading truck relies on deadweight, do not need power drive, further practiced thrift the energy.

5) speed changer of custom-designed band pagoda gear can carry out appropriate design according to the rotating speed and the moment of torsion needs of drilling rod, guarantees that drilling rod obtains desirable rotating speed and moment of torsion in drillng operation, improved the drilling efficiency of rig.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is the right view of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 is the annexation figure of parts such as drilling rod among Fig. 1, pull bar bracing frame, planker, leading truck.

Fig. 4 is the A-A amplification view of Fig. 3.

Fig. 5 is the B-B amplification view of Fig. 3.

Fig. 6 is the structural representation of gearbox among Fig. 3.

Fig. 7 is the C-C amplification view of Fig. 6.

Fig. 8 is the D-D amplification view of Fig. 6.

The specific embodiment

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment the present invention is described further:

Like Fig. 1, a kind of high-speed hydraulic rig shown in Figure 2, form by main frame 1, drill boom 2, drilling rod 3, rotation motor 4, traction motor 5, planker 6, leading truck 7, bracing frame 8, gearbox 9, swing arm 11, boom cylinder 12, bucket arm cylinder 13, baffle plate 14 etc.Have vertical directive slide track 2a on the drill boom 2, planker 6 is fixedly connected with drilling rod 3 upper ends, leading truck 7 be sleeved on the drilling rod 3 and with drilling rod 3 matched in clearance.The parallel axes of directive slide track 2a and drilling rod 3, at a distance from being provided with, baffle plate 14 is horizontally installed on the lower end of directive slide track 2a between the two.Rotation motor 4 links to each other with drilling rod 3 through gearbox 9, and traction motor 5 links to each other with drilling rod 3 through headstock 17.The above is identical with the existing drill configuration form that has a leading truck, repeats no more at this, and its difference is described below.

As shown in Figure 3, pull bar bracing frame 8 is positioned at planker 6 tops and is fixedly connected with leading truck 7 through two pull bars 10 that laterally arrange, and pull bar bracing frame 8 is shelved on the planker 6 and with directive slide track 2a and is slidingly connected.The axis of pull bar 10 is parallel with drilling rod 3 and directive slide track 2a; Pull bar 10 is symmetricly set on the left and right sides of drilling rod 3; The upper end of pull bar 10 is passed planker 6 and is linked to each other with pull bar bracing frame 8; The lower end of this pull bar 10 is fixed on the leading truck 7, to guarantee pull bar bracing frame 8 and leading truck 7 right ends stress balance in the process of upstream or downstream.As shown in Figure 1, leading truck 7, planker 6 and pull bar bracing frame 8 all are slidingly connected with directive slide track 2a, and the three all can be free to slide along directive slide track 2a.

As shown in Figure 4, pull bar bracing frame 8 is made up of drag link bearing 8a, two beam 8b, two block plate 8c and sunk screw 8d.Drag link bearing 8a is a level board; Pull bar bracing frame 8 is slidingly connected through drag link bearing 8a and directive slide track; Two block plate 8c are symmetricly set on the both sides up and down of drag link bearing 8a; Between drag link bearing 8a and steel plate 8c, be provided with beam 8b, drag link bearing 8a, beam 8b and steel plate 8c link together through sunk screw 8d.The head of sunk screw 8d because pull bar bracing frame 8 is fitted through plane on steel plate 8c and the planker 6 in the upstream or downstream process, therefore selects sunk screw 8d to connect down.

As shown in Figure 5, leading truck 7 is made up of guide type shoe 7a, T jacket tube 7b, bearing 7c and bearing (ball) cover 7d, screw etc.Have up big and down small heavy stand circular hole on the guide type shoe 7a, sleeve 7b and bearing 7c are installed in the heavy stand circular hole of guide type shoe 7a from inside to outside successively.When sleeve 7b installed, big end was descending at last, small end.Bearing (ball) cover 7d is arranged on the top of bearing 7c, and its lower plane is provided with the hoop boss.After sleeve 7b, bearing 7c installed in the heavy stand circular hole of guide type shoe 7a, sleeve 7b and guide type shoe 7a formed a horizontal cut above bearing 7c, and the hoop boss of bearing (ball) cover 7d passes horizontal cut and is pressed on the bearing 7d.Leading truck 7 is through sleeve 7b and drilling rod 3 matched in clearance, and this leading truck 7 is slidingly connected through guide type shoe 7a and directive slide track.

Can know in conjunction with Fig. 4, Fig. 5; The upper end of pull bar 10 is fixedly connected on drag link bearing 8 a of pull bar bracing frame 8 through nut 15 and cottor pin 16; The lower end of pull bar 10 is fixedly connected on the guide type shoe 7a of leading truck 7 through nut 15 and cottor pin 16, and the three forms an integral body and in the upstream or downstream process, is synchronized with the movement.

Fig. 6-8 is depicted as the gearbox 9 of rig, is made up of casing 91, power shaft 92, output shaft 93, jackshaft 94, pinion 95, gear wheel 96 and pagoda gear 97.Power shaft 92, output shaft 93 and jackshaft 94 are contained in the casing 91 and three's parallel axes, and pinion 95 is housed on the power shaft 92, and casing 91 is all stretched out at the two ends that gear wheel 96 and output shaft 93 are housed on the output shaft 93, and pagoda gear 97 is housed on the jackshaft 94.Pagoda gear 97 is made up of pagoda pinion 97b and pagoda gear wheel 97a.Pinion 95 and pagoda gear wheel 97a engagement, gear wheel 96 and pagoda pinion 97b engagement have constituted a two reduction gear.On power shaft 92, output shaft 93 and the jackshaft 94 bearing is housed all, casing 91 is outside equipped with bearing (ball) cover.As preferably, pinion 95 is identical with the number of teeth of pagoda pinion 97b, is 24 teeth, and gear wheel 96 is identical with the number of teeth of pagoda gear wheel 97a, is 45 teeth.

Claims (5)

1. high-speed hydraulic rig; Comprise main frame (1), drill boom (2), drilling rod (3), rotation motor (4), traction motor (5), planker (6) and leading truck (7); Have vertical directive slide track (2a) on the said drill boom (2); Said planker (6) is fixedly connected with drilling rod (3) upper end; Said leading truck (7) be sleeved on that drilling rod (3) is gone up and with said drilling rod (3) matched in clearance, it is characterized in that: be provided with pull bar (10) in the left and right sides of said drilling rod (3), said pull bar (10) is parallel with directive slide track (2a); Be provided with pull bar bracing frame (8) in said planker (6) top; Said pull bar bracing frame (8) is shelved on said planker (6) and upward and with said directive slide track (2a) is slidingly connected; The upper end of said pull bar (10) is passed planker (6) and is linked to each other with pull bar bracing frame (8); The lower end of this pull bar (10) is fixed on the said leading truck (7), and said leading truck (7) and planker (6) all are slidingly connected with said directive slide track (2a).
2. according to the described high-speed hydraulic rig of claim 1; It is characterized in that: said pull bar bracing frame (8) comprises drag link bearing (8a) and steel plate (8c); Said drag link bearing (8a) is a level board; Said pull bar bracing frame (8) is slidingly connected through drag link bearing (8a) and said directive slide track (2a); Said steel plate (8c) is symmetricly set on the both sides up and down of drag link bearing (8a); Between said drag link bearing (8a) and steel plate (8c), be provided with beam (8b), said drag link bearing (8a), beam (8b) and steel plate (8c) link together through sunk screw (8d), and said pull bar (10) upper end is fixed on the said drag link bearing (8a).
3. according to the described high-speed hydraulic rig of claim 1; It is characterized in that: said leading truck (7) comprises guide type shoe (7a), T jacket tube (7b), bearing (7c) and bearing (ball) cover (7d); Have up big and down small heavy stand circular hole on the said guide type shoe (7a); Said sleeve (7b) and bearing (7d) are installed in the heavy stand circular hole of guide type shoe (7a) from inside to outside successively; Said bearing (ball) cover (7d) is arranged on the top of said bearing (7c) and is pressed on the bearing (7c) through its hoop boss; Said leading truck (7) is through sleeve (7b) and said drilling rod (3) matched in clearance, and this leading truck (7) is slidingly connected through guide type shoe (7a) and said directive slide track (2a), and said pull bar (10) lower end is fixed on the said guide type shoe (7a).
4. according to the described high-speed hydraulic rig of claim 1; It is characterized in that: said rotation motor (4) links to each other with said drilling rod (3) through gearbox (9); Said gearbox (9) comprises casing (91), power shaft (92), output shaft (93) and jackshaft (94); The parallel axes of said power shaft (92), output shaft (93) and jackshaft (94); Pinion (95) is housed on the said power shaft (92); Casing (91) is all stretched out at the two ends that gear wheel (96) and output shaft (93) are housed on the said output shaft (93), and pagoda gear (97) is housed on the said jackshaft (94), and said pagoda gear (97) is made up of pagoda pinion (97b) and pagoda gear wheel (97a); Said pinion (95) and pagoda gear wheel (97a) engagement, said gear wheel (96) and pagoda pinion (97b) engagement.
5. according to the described high-speed hydraulic rig of claim 4, it is characterized in that: said pinion (95) is identical with the number of teeth of pagoda pinion (97b), and said gear wheel (96) is identical with the number of teeth of pagoda gear wheel (97a).
CN2011100252066A 2011-01-24 2011-01-24 High-speed hydraulic drilling machine CN102155156B (en)

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CN102155156B true CN102155156B (en) 2012-11-28

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CN102606065B (en) * 2012-03-23 2014-03-05 重庆勤牛工程机械有限责任公司 Lengthened drilling machine drilling arm convenient for transportation
CN102953694B (en) * 2012-12-10 2014-11-26 重庆勤牛工程机械有限责任公司 High-speed hydraulic drill
CN102953695B (en) * 2012-12-10 2014-08-06 重庆勤牛工程机械有限责任公司 Guide frame following mechanism on high-speed hydraulic drill
CN103452505A (en) * 2013-08-07 2013-12-18 中国石油集团渤海石油装备制造有限公司 Tubular pile centering device for slant well drilling rig
CN103670272B (en) * 2013-11-06 2015-12-16 桂林市华力重工机械有限责任公司 A kind of double speed, two moment of torsion tracked hydraulic cutting drill
CN105625955B (en) * 2016-03-09 2018-10-23 浙江海聚科技有限公司 A kind of method and device for realizing puncheon centralizing device and falling and promoted automatically

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DE4202554C1 (en) * 1992-01-30 1993-07-01 Delmag Maschinenfabrik Reinhold Dornfeld Gmbh & Co, 7300 Esslingen, De Drill rig with vertical guide rod and feed table - has drive with cable whose ends are secured to top and lower guide rod sections respectively
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