CN102080687A - Guide rail - Google Patents

Guide rail Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102080687A
CN102080687A CN 201010607346 CN201010607346A CN102080687A CN 102080687 A CN102080687 A CN 102080687A CN 201010607346 CN201010607346 CN 201010607346 CN 201010607346 A CN201010607346 A CN 201010607346A CN 102080687 A CN102080687 A CN 102080687A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
guide rail
quiet
length direction
steel plate
assembly
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN 201010607346
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈思雄
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Individual
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Individual
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Publication date
Application filed by Individual filed Critical Individual
Priority to CN 201010607346 priority Critical patent/CN102080687A/en
Publication of CN102080687A publication Critical patent/CN102080687A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a guide rail, which comprises a motionless guide rail and a movable guide rail that is slidingly socketed on the motionless guide rail. The following components are installed between the motionless guide rail and the movable guide rail: at least one elastic pretightening component that is fixed on the movable guide rail, wherein the elastic pretightening component comprises an elastic steel plate assembly that is arranged along the motionless guide rail and the sliding direction, and a rolling assembly that is installed at the two ends of the elastic steel plate assembly and can roll along the length direction of the motionless guide rail; at least one rolling component that is fixed on the movable guide rail, wherein the rolling component comprises a plurality of rolling elements that are arranged along the motionless guide rail and the sliding direction and can roll along the length direction of the motionless guide rail. According to the invention, an elastic pretightening component is additionally installed between the motionless guide rail and the movable guide rail so that looseness is not easy to occur between the two guide rails and the running precision is high. The guide rail of the invention is convenient for dismounting and maintenance, is not easy to wear, and has a long service life.

Description

A kind of guide rail
  
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of mechanical technique, be specifically related to a kind of guide rail.
  
Background technique
Traditional mechanical slide rail all is pure sliding frictions, and in its running, the kinetic energy that overcome friction consumed is more.
Present stage, adopt ball line rail in a large number, it is by the rolling of steel ball, realize sliding, frictional force is less, and realizes that by steel ball preload can not become flexible guide rail, but after long-time the use, wearing and tearing appear in guide rail easily, can't recover its original precision by simple debugging.
Also there is the sliding type of employing track present stage, and direct friction between its moving guide rail and the quiet guide rail realizes prestressing with the bill signed in acknowledgement of debt or the matched shape of self, is easy to generate wearing and tearing between moving guide rail and the quiet guide rail, very inconvenience of maintenance and debugging.
In a word, existing above-mentioned two kinds of guide rails, its precision stability is relatively poor, and guide rail is loosening easily, keeps in repair and debug cumbersome.
  
Summary of the invention
At the deficiencies in the prior art, purpose of the present invention is intended to provide a kind of guide rail, and its running precision height is difficult for becoming flexible, and long service life.
For achieving the above object, the present invention adopts following technological scheme:
A kind of guide rail comprises that quiet guide rail and flip sleeve are connected on the moving guide rail on the described quiet guide rail, also are equipped with between described quiet guide rail and the moving guide rail:
At least one is fixed on the elasticity pretension assembly on the described moving guide rail, and described elasticity pretension assembly comprises along a spring steel plate assembly of described quiet guide rail and glide direction setting and the rolling assembly that can roll along described quiet rail length direction that is installed in described spring steel plate assembly two ends;
At least one is fixed on the rolling assembly on the described moving guide rail, and described rolling assembly comprises along the described a plurality of rolling elements that can roll along described quiet rail length direction that are provided with of arranging along described quiet guide rail and glide direction.
Described rolling assembly comprises the bearing support that is connected described spring steel plate assembly two end part, and is installed in the described bearing support bearing that can roll along described quiet rail length direction.
The neutral position of described spring steel plate assembly length direction also is equipped with a steel plate fixed base, is provided with a fixed hole perpendicular to described quiet rail length direction on the described steel plate fixed base.
Described moving guide rail is provided with first bolt hole corresponding with described fixed hole, in described first bolt hole and the described fixed hole first fixing bolt is installed.
Described rolling assembly also comprises a fitting seat, be provided with in the described fitting seat along described rolling assembly length direction be arranged in order and with described rolling element installation cavity one to one.
Described rolling element is second bearing, and it is installed in the described installation cavity by installation shaft respectively.
Its length direction of described fitting seat upper edge is disposed with a plurality of coupling holes.
Described moving guide rail is provided with a plurality of second corresponding with described coupling hole respectively bolts hole, in described second bolt hole and the described coupling hole second fixing bolt is installed.
The cross section of described quiet guide rail is I-shaped, and the cross section of described moving guide rail is c-shaped, and the opening spiral-lock of its C shape is in the I-shaped upper flange of the described quiet guide rail outside.
Be provided with wearing plate on described quiet guide rail and the face that described rolling assembly and rolling element contact.
Described spring steel plate assembly comprises a plurality of spring steel plates unit that stacks gradually.
Guide rail set forth in the present invention, its beneficial effect is:
1, installs the elasticity pre-tightening apparatus additional between quiet guide rail and the moving guide rail, be not easy to become flexible between its two, have higher running precision;
2, be convenient to the dismounting maintenance, and not easy to wear, have higher working life.
  
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of a kind of guide rail of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the scheme of installation of guide rail shown in Figure 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of pretension assembly among Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of rolling assembly among Fig. 2.
  
Embodiment
Below, in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiment, guide rail of the present invention is described further.
As shown in Figure 1, 2, be a kind of guide rail of the present invention, comprise a quiet guide rail 2, moving guide rail 1, quiet guide rail 1 be an I-steel, the cross section of moving guide rail 1 is c-shaped, the opening spiral-lock of its C shape is in the upper flange outside of quiet guide rail 2 " worker " font.The top and the bottom, upper flange two ends of quiet guide rail 2 " worker " font are cut chamfering respectively, form two superposed A faces respectively, and two B faces that are positioned at the bottom, the top, internal surface both sides of moving guide rail 1 be separately installed with one with the elasticity pretension assembly 3 of A face coupling, the bottom, internal surface both sides of moving guide rail 1 be separately installed with one with the rolling assembly 4 of B face coupling, wherein pretension assembly 3 is fixedly mounted on the moving guide rail 1, concrete is, the length direction of the moving guide rail 1 in pretension assembly 3 upper edges is provided with row's screw hole 31, the corresponding outside at moving guide rail 1 is provided with row's screw hole 11 along its length direction, screw hole 31 is corresponding one by one with screw hole 11, its two interpolation cartridge screw 5; Rolling assembly 4 is fixedly mounted on the moving guide rail 1 equally, the length direction of the moving guide rail 1 in its upper edge is provided with row's screw hole 41, the corresponding outside at moving guide rail 1 is provided with row's screw hole 12 along its length, and screw hole 41 is corresponding one by one with screw hole 12, its two interpolation cartridge screw 6.
As Fig. 1,2, and in conjunction with shown in Figure 3, above-mentioned pretension assembly 3 comprises spring steel plate 32, fixed base 33, diaxon bearing 34,36, two bearings 35,37, wherein the length direction of spring steel plate 32 is consistent with the length direction of moving guide rail 1, diaxon bearing 34,36 is installed in the two ends of spring steel plate 32 length directions respectively, bearing 35 is installed in the bearing support 34, its rotatingshaft is vertical with the length direction of moving guide rail 1, bearing 35 is on the surface that protrudes from bearing support 34 near a side of quiet guide rail 2, and it can roll on the A of quiet guide rail 2 face; Bearing 37 is installed in bearing support 36 inside, and is identical with the mounting type of bearing 34, do not do repeat specification here; Fixed base 33 is installed in the neutral position of spring steel plate 32 length directions, screw hole 31 is three, it is opened in respectively on diaxon bearing 34,36 and the fixed base 33, so, when moving guide rail 1 when quiet guide rail 2 slides, two bearings 35,37 can be rolled on the A face, its force of rolling friction is less, simultaneously, but the gap between moving guide rail 1 of spring steel plate 32 real-time regulated and the quiet guide rail 2.
As Fig. 1,2, and in conjunction with shown in Figure 4, above-mentioned rolling assembly 4 comprises that a fitting seat 42, fitting seat 42 are strip, its length direction is consistent with the length direction of moving guide rail 1, offer a plurality of installation cavitys 43 at its length direction of upper edge, a side near quiet guide rail 2, screw hole 41 is opened on the side relative with this face.By a pivot 45 bearing 44 is installed in each installation cavity 43, the rotation axis of bearing 44 is vertical with the length direction of fitting seat 42, and a plurality of bearings 44 can roll at the length direction of the B of quiet guide rail 2 face along quiet guide rail 2.
When above-mentioned guide rail uses, pretension assembly 3 and rolling assembly 4 all are to adopt bearing element, relative movement between formation and the quiet guide rail 2, thereby reduced frictional force as much as possible, strengthened the working life of using guide rail, but quiet guide rail 2 of spring steel plate 32 real-time regulated in the pretension assembly 3 and the chucking degree between the moving guide rail 1 make guide rail remain higher precision simultaneously.
In order further to reduce abrasion, a wearing plate can also be installed on above-mentioned A face and B face, wearing plate adopts the chromium steel material of high hardness to make, and can effectively reduce friction to the loss of quiet guide rail 2, has further increased working life.
In order to increase pretightening force, spring steel plate of the present invention can be to be formed by a plurality of spring steel plate stacked combination.
According to general mechanical general knowledge, the sectional shape of quiet guide rail of the present invention and moving guide rail can be other shapes, as long as guarantee its two form fit.
Pretension assembly 3 of the present invention plays the pretension effect, and sliding assembly 4 plays the slip effect, can according to circumstances one or more pretension assembly 3 and sliding assembly 4 be set.
For a person skilled in the art, can make other various corresponding changes and distortion, and these all changes and distortion should belong within the protection domain of claim of the present invention all according to technological scheme described above and design.
  

Claims (10)

1. a guide rail comprises that quiet guide rail and flip sleeve are connected on the moving guide rail on the described quiet guide rail, it is characterized in that, also is equipped with between described quiet guide rail and the moving guide rail:
At least one is fixed on the elasticity pretension assembly on the described moving guide rail, and described elasticity pretension assembly comprises along a spring steel plate assembly of described quiet guide rail and glide direction setting and the rolling assembly that can roll along described quiet rail length direction that is installed in described spring steel plate assembly two ends;
At least one is fixed on the rolling assembly on the described moving guide rail, and described rolling assembly comprises along the described a plurality of rolling elements that can roll along described quiet rail length direction that are provided with of arranging along described quiet guide rail and glide direction.
2. guide rail as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, described rolling assembly comprises the bearing support that is connected described spring steel plate assembly two end part, and is installed in the described bearing support bearing that can roll along described quiet rail length direction.
3. guide rail as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that, the neutral position of described spring steel plate assembly length direction also is equipped with a steel plate fixed base, is provided with a fixed hole perpendicular to described quiet rail length direction on the described steel plate fixed base.
4. guide rail as claimed in claim 3 is characterized in that, described moving guide rail is provided with first bolt hole corresponding with described fixed hole, in described first bolt hole and the described fixed hole first fixing bolt is installed.
5. guide rail as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that described rolling assembly also comprises a fitting seat, be provided with in the described fitting seat along described rolling assembly length direction be arranged in order and with described rolling element installation cavity one to one.
6. guide rail as claimed in claim 5 is characterized in that, described rolling element is second bearing, and it is installed in the described installation cavity by installation shaft respectively.
7. guide rail as claimed in claim 6 is characterized in that, its length direction of described fitting seat upper edge is disposed with a plurality of coupling holes.
8. guide rail as claimed in claim 7 is characterized in that, described moving guide rail is provided with a plurality of second corresponding with described coupling hole respectively bolts hole, in described second bolt hole and the described coupling hole second fixing bolt is installed.
9. guide rail as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that the cross section of described quiet guide rail is I-shaped, and the cross section of described moving guide rail is c-shaped, and the opening spiral-lock of its C shape is in the I-shaped upper flange of the described quiet guide rail outside.
10. guide rail as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, is provided with wearing plate on described quiet guide rail and the face that described rolling assembly and rolling element contact; Described spring steel plate assembly comprises a plurality of spring steel plates unit that stacks gradually.
CN 201010607346 2010-12-27 2010-12-27 Guide rail Pending CN102080687A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201010607346 CN102080687A (en) 2010-12-27 2010-12-27 Guide rail

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201010607346 CN102080687A (en) 2010-12-27 2010-12-27 Guide rail

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102080687A true CN102080687A (en) 2011-06-01

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104736865B (en) * 2012-10-17 2017-08-22 Ntn株式会社 linear motion guidance device
CN107956797A (en) * 2017-12-18 2018-04-24 西南交通大学 A kind of slide block device of self-contact type
CN108119541A (en) * 2017-12-22 2018-06-05 佛山市工芯精密机械有限公司 A kind of ball grooves are in the curvilinear guide device of guide rail top and bottom
CN113677901A (en) * 2019-02-05 2021-11-19 易格斯有限公司 Sliding element

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5013164A (en) * 1989-08-29 1991-05-07 Nippon Seiko Kabushiki Kaisha Constant pressure preload linear guide bearing apparatus
CN1755153A (en) * 2004-09-29 2006-04-05 丽水新亿特导轨有限公司 Linear guide rail
CN101238297A (en) * 2005-07-27 2008-08-06 古德尔集团股份公司 Linear guide
CN101476592A (en) * 2009-01-07 2009-07-08 浙江丽水新亿特自动化技术有限公司 Linear slide rail
WO2010137755A1 (en) * 2009-05-28 2010-12-02 (주)팜코 Adjustable preload type linear guide system
CN201931280U (en) * 2010-12-27 2011-08-17 陈思雄 Guide rail

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5013164A (en) * 1989-08-29 1991-05-07 Nippon Seiko Kabushiki Kaisha Constant pressure preload linear guide bearing apparatus
CN1755153A (en) * 2004-09-29 2006-04-05 丽水新亿特导轨有限公司 Linear guide rail
CN101238297A (en) * 2005-07-27 2008-08-06 古德尔集团股份公司 Linear guide
CN101476592A (en) * 2009-01-07 2009-07-08 浙江丽水新亿特自动化技术有限公司 Linear slide rail
WO2010137755A1 (en) * 2009-05-28 2010-12-02 (주)팜코 Adjustable preload type linear guide system
CN201931280U (en) * 2010-12-27 2011-08-17 陈思雄 Guide rail

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104736865B (en) * 2012-10-17 2017-08-22 Ntn株式会社 linear motion guidance device
US10294990B2 (en) 2012-10-17 2019-05-21 Ntn Corporation Linear motion guide device
US10294989B2 (en) 2012-10-17 2019-05-21 Ntn Corporation Linear motion guide device
CN107956797A (en) * 2017-12-18 2018-04-24 西南交通大学 A kind of slide block device of self-contact type
CN107956797B (en) * 2017-12-18 2023-11-07 西南交通大学 Self-contact type sliding block device
CN108119541A (en) * 2017-12-22 2018-06-05 佛山市工芯精密机械有限公司 A kind of ball grooves are in the curvilinear guide device of guide rail top and bottom
CN108119541B (en) * 2017-12-22 2019-09-06 佛山市工芯精密机械有限公司 A kind of curvilinear guide device of ball grooves in guide rail top and bottom
CN113677901A (en) * 2019-02-05 2021-11-19 易格斯有限公司 Sliding element
CN113677901B (en) * 2019-02-05 2024-03-08 易格斯有限公司 Sliding element

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Application publication date: 20110601