CN102080370A - Foundation construction platform for intertidal zone or offshore zone - Google Patents

Foundation construction platform for intertidal zone or offshore zone Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102080370A
CN102080370A CN 201010112148 CN201010112148A CN102080370A CN 102080370 A CN102080370 A CN 102080370A CN 201010112148 CN201010112148 CN 201010112148 CN 201010112148 A CN201010112148 A CN 201010112148A CN 102080370 A CN102080370 A CN 102080370A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
platform
foundation construction
slide rail
crane boom
vertical
Prior art date
Application number
CN 201010112148
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴佳梁
王新明
张健
顾延宾
Original Assignee
三一电气有限责任公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CN200910237983 priority Critical
Priority to CN200910237983.X priority
Application filed by 三一电气有限责任公司 filed Critical 三一电气有限责任公司
Priority to CN 201010112148 priority patent/CN102080370A/en
Publication of CN102080370A publication Critical patent/CN102080370A/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B17/00Artificial islands mounted on piles or like supports, e.g. platforms on raisable legs or offshore constructions; Construction methods therefor
    • E02B17/02Artificial islands mounted on piles or like supports, e.g. platforms on raisable legs or offshore constructions; Construction methods therefor placed by lowering the supporting construction to the bottom, e.g. with subsequent fixing thereto
    • E02B17/021Artificial islands mounted on piles or like supports, e.g. platforms on raisable legs or offshore constructions; Construction methods therefor placed by lowering the supporting construction to the bottom, e.g. with subsequent fixing thereto with relative movement between supporting construction and platform
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B43/00Improving safety of vessels, e.g. damage control, not otherwise provided for
    • B63B43/02Improving safety of vessels, e.g. damage control, not otherwise provided for reducing risk of capsizing or sinking
    • B63B43/10Improving safety of vessels, e.g. damage control, not otherwise provided for reducing risk of capsizing or sinking by improving buoyancy
    • B63B43/14Improving safety of vessels, e.g. damage control, not otherwise provided for reducing risk of capsizing or sinking by improving buoyancy using outboard floating members
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B17/00Artificial islands mounted on piles or like supports, e.g. platforms on raisable legs or offshore constructions; Construction methods therefor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B17/00Artificial islands mounted on piles or like supports, e.g. platforms on raisable legs or offshore constructions; Construction methods therefor
    • E02B2017/0056Platforms with supporting legs
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B17/00Artificial islands mounted on piles or like supports, e.g. platforms on raisable legs or offshore constructions; Construction methods therefor
    • E02B2017/0056Platforms with supporting legs
    • E02B2017/0073Details of sea bottom engaging footing
    • E02B2017/0078Suction piles, suction cans

Abstract

The invention discloses a foundation construction platform which is used for foundation construction of an intertidal zone or an offshore zone. The foundation construction platform comprises a platform body (1), support legs (5) as well as a first hoisting frame (11) and a first slide rail (21), wherein the support legs (5) are installed at the bottom of the platform body (1); the first slide rail (21) is arranged along the longitudinal direction of the platform body (1); and a first cross beam (111) of the first hoisting frame (11) is installed with a first hoisting part (31), and the first hoisting frame (11) can slide along the first slide rail (21). Therefore, without additionally provided auxiliary equipment, such as a crane and the like, the foundation construction platform can realize the operations of pile taking, pile rotation and the like and reduces the auxiliary construction equipment for the foundation construction platform so that the operation cost of the foundation construction platform is reduced. The invention also provides a foundation construction platform comprising a hoisting device.

Description

A kind of foundation construction platform that is used for beach or greater coasting area

Technical field

The present invention relates to beach or coastal waters construction equipment technical field, particularly a kind of foundation construction platform that is used for beach or greater coasting area.

Background technology

Along with the fast development of China's economic construction and the extensive exploitation of near-coastal resources, the various construction equipments that are used for shoal area have obtained using more and more widely.

Shoal area generally comprises the zone that intersect in land and waters such as inland lake, inland river and coastal waters, because near water body, therefore, the foundation capability of shoal area is relatively poor, in the process of carrying out fairly large infrastructure construction, needs the special foundation construction problem of considering.

In the process of carrying out beach or foundation construction waterborne, the Infrastructure platform that is used for piling work has crucial effects, and the quality of Infrastructure platform directly affects efficient and quality that foundation construction is built.Therefore, developing the Infrastructure platform with works fine performance, is the target that those skilled in the art constantly pursues for a long time.

In a kind of typical foundation construction platform, its terrace part is supported in riverbed or beach by supporting leg, pile tube is positioned over the appropriate location of platform, by the crane (being generally crawler crane) that is equipped with in addition on the platform pile tube is lifted by crane, be transported to construction location and carry out piling work, after one root canal pile was finished from a whole set of process of lifting by crane piling and finishing, crane can lift by crane another root canal pile again; Like this, caused getting stake and change service working times such as stake longer in the work progress, had a strong impact on the operating efficiency of piling construction; Simultaneously, in this typical foundation construction platform, need realize getting operations such as stake, commentaries on classics stake by crane, thereby increase auxiliary construction equipment, and then make that the construction operation cost of foundation construction platform is higher; In addition, the tonnage of auxiliary equipment such as the crane that uses in the construction is bigger, therefore, has increased the overall weight of foundation construction platform, and the supporting capacity of terrace part is had relatively high expectations.

And, the basis of the supporting leg of above-mentioned foundation construction platform is plate basis, in the soft foundation in zones such as beach, can't provide enough bearing capacities, and in work progress, be absorbed in the mud and be not drawn out easily, can't realize comparatively flexible movement, limit the raising of foundation construction platform transition speed.

Therefore, how to reduce the auxiliary construction equipment of foundation construction platform, thereby reduce the construction operation cost of foundation construction platform, improve efficiency of operation such as getting stake, commentaries on classics stake, just become the problem that those skilled in the art need solve.

Summary of the invention

The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of foundation construction platform that is used for beach or greater coasting area construction, it can independently finish and get stake, change operations such as stake, has reduced the use of auxiliary construction equipment, thereby has had lower operating cost.

For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the invention provides a kind of foundation construction platform, be used for the foundation construction of beach or greater coasting area, comprise the platform body, and the supporting leg that is installed on described platform body bottom; Also comprise first crane boom, and along first slide rail of vertical setting of described platform body; First crossbeam of described first crane boom is equipped with first lifting part, and described first crane boom can slide along described first slide rail.

Preferably, the number of described first slide rail is two, and described first crane boom comprises first vertical beam and second vertical beam that is installed on the described first crossbeam two ends; Described first vertical beam and described second vertical beam respectively by be installed on its separately first gripper shoe of bottom be supported in two described first slide rails, and can be respectively slide along two described first slide rails.

Preferably, comprise also respectively that described first vertical beam and described second vertical beam are supported in described second slide rail by second gripper shoe of its bottom respectively, and can slide along described second slide rail along second slide rail of each described first gripper shoe horizontally set.

Preferably, also comprise first locking member, so that selectively described first crane boom is lock onto described platform body.

Preferably, also comprise second crane boom, second crossbeam of described second crane boom is equipped with second lifting part, and described second crane boom can slide along described first slide rail.

Preferably, the number of described first slide rail is two, and described second crane boom comprises the 3rd vertical beam and the 4th vertical beam that is installed on the described second crossbeam two ends; Described the 3rd vertical beam and described the 4th vertical beam respectively by be installed on its separately the 3rd gripper shoe of bottom be supported in two described first slide rails, and can be respectively slide along two described first slide rails.

Preferably, comprise also that the 4th gripper shoe of bottom is supported in described the 3rd slide rail by being installed on separately respectively for described the 3rd vertical beam and described the 4th vertical beam, and can slide along described the 3rd slide rail along the 3rd slide rail of described the 3rd gripper shoe horizontally set.

Preferably, also comprise second locking member, so that selectively described second crane boom is lock onto described platform body.

Preferably, the basis of described supporting leg comprises the chamber that is formed by upper plate and sidewall, and described chamber is connected with the pump group by valve, and described pump group is selectively to described chamber voltage supply or be described chamber row pressure.

Preferably, also comprise fastener; Described fastener further comprises the pile holding device that is installed on described platform body afterbody removably, and along the 4th slide rail of described platform body horizontally set; Described pile holding device is supported in described the 4th slide rail by installing component, and can slide along described the 4th slide rail.

Described pile holding device preferably, between described pile holding device and the described installing component dump ram is installed, so that can be swung on perpendicular.

Preferably, described installing component is installed on described platform body by turntable, between described pile holding device and the described installing component oscillating oil cylinder is installed also, so that described pile holding device can be swung on horizontal plane and perpendicular.

Preferably, the side of described platform body is provided with two or more draft adjusting device, and in a symmetrical arrangement.

Preferably, described draft adjusting device comprises: air bag, the water plane area that is used to regulate described platform body; Inflation system is used to control filling, exitting of described air bag; Telescoping mechanism is connected with described air bag, is used to control the flexible of air bag; Fixed bearing is used for described telescoping mechanism is fixed on described platform body.

Preferably, the actuation means of described telescoping mechanism is one of oil cylinder, cylinder or electric push rod; Described telescoping mechanism comprises a plurality of telescopic units that connect successively; Described telescopic unit is an expansion coupling, and described expansion coupling is the four-bar linkage structure form of parallelogram.

Preferably, described platform body can be provided with dynamical system and has from navigating function or dynamical system is not set, by tugboat traction navigation.

The foundation construction platform that is used for beach or coastal waters construction provided by the present invention comprises the platform body, and the supporting leg that is installed on platform body bottom; Also comprise first crane boom, and along first slide rail of vertical setting of platform body, first crossbeam of first crane boom is equipped with first lifting part, and first crane boom can slide along first slide rail.In the work progress of foundation construction platform, first crane boom is after the effect lower edge of drive unit first slide rail slides into the appropriate location, by first lifting part pile tube is sling, then, first crane boom slides on first slide rail, drive pile tube simultaneously and slide synchronously, after arriving a following position, first crane boom puts down pile tube and realizes a following operation by following parts on the platform.Like this, need not auxiliary equipment such as crane, can realize getting operations such as stake, commentaries on classics stake, reduced the auxiliary construction equipment of foundation construction platform, thereby reduced the operating cost of foundation construction platform by other outfit.

A kind of preferred embodiment in, the foundation construction platform that is used for beach or coastal waters construction provided by the present invention, can also comprise second crane boom, second crossbeam of this second crane boom is equipped with second lifting part, and second crane boom can slide along first slide rail.When this second crane boom when changeing operation, above-mentioned first crane boom can carry out an operation of hanging of another root canal pile, thereby has significantly improved the operating efficiency of foundation construction platform; Simultaneously, when single pile tube weight is bigger, and when using first crane boom to finish to hang operation separately, can finish the stake of hanging of heavier pile tube, thereby enlarge a scope of hanging of foundation construction platform by the cooperating of second crane boom and first crane boom.

In another preferred embodiment, foundation construction platform provided by the present invention can also comprise fastener, this fastener further comprises the pile holding device that is installed on platform body afterbody removably, and along the 4th slide rail that is horizontally set at the platform body, the pile holding device is supported in the 4th slide rail by installing component, and slides along the 4th slide rail.When above-mentioned second crane boom is transported to the piling place with pile tube, pile tube is put into above-mentioned pile holding device, after by the pile holding device pile tube being clamped, carry out piling work again, thereby improved the accurate positioning of piling, improved piling quality.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the stereogram of a kind of specific embodiment of foundation construction platform provided by the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the stereogram of the another kind of specific embodiment of foundation construction platform provided by the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the structural representation of overlooking direction of foundation construction platform shown in Figure 2;

Fig. 4 is the structural representation of side-looking direction in a kind of specific embodiment of first crane boom provided by the present invention;

Fig. 5 is the structural representation of side-looking direction in a kind of specific embodiment of second crane boom provided by the present invention;

Fig. 6 is the structural representation of a kind of specific embodiment of fastener provided by the present invention;

Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the another kind of specific embodiment of fastener provided by the present invention.

Fig. 8 is the structural representation of a kind of specific embodiment of draft adjusting device provided by the present invention;

Fig. 9 is the extended configuration (A) of draft adjusting device provided by the present invention and the schematic diagram of folded state (B);

The specific embodiment

Core of the present invention provides a kind of foundation construction platform that is used for beach or greater coasting area construction, and it can independently finish and get stake, change operations such as stake, has reduced the use of auxiliary construction equipment, thereby has had lower operating cost.

In order to make those skilled in the art person understand technical scheme of the present invention better, the present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments.

Please refer to Fig. 1 and Fig. 4, Fig. 1 is the stereogram of a kind of specific embodiment of foundation construction platform provided by the present invention; Fig. 4 is the structural representation of side-looking direction in a kind of specific embodiment of first crane boom provided by the present invention.

In a kind of specific embodiment, the foundation construction platform that is used for beach or coastal waters construction provided by the present invention comprises platform body 1, and the supporting leg 5 that is installed on described platform body 1 bottom; Also comprise first crane boom 11, and along first slide rail 21 of vertical setting of platform body 1; First crossbeam 111 of first crane boom 11 is equipped with first lifting part 31, and first crane boom 11 can slide along first slide rail 21.

The number of above-mentioned first slide rail 21 can be two, and above-mentioned first crane boom 11 can also comprise first vertical beam 112 and second vertical beam 113 that is installed on first crossbeam, 111 two ends; The bottom of first vertical beam 112 and second vertical beam 113 is separately installed with first gripper shoe, 41, the first vertical beam 112 and second vertical beam 113 is supported in two first slide rails 21 by first gripper shoe 41 respectively, and can slide along two first slide rails 21 respectively.Like this, first crane boom of being made up of first crossbeam 111, first vertical beam 112 and second vertical beam 113 11 has the structure that is frame substantially, thereby has improved the structural reliability of first crane boom 11.

Apparently, the structure of above-mentioned first crane boom 11 also is not limited to the above-mentioned specific embodiment, also can be other specific constructive form satisfying under the condition of function of use, and its concrete structure should not be subjected to the restriction of this manual.

The scope of above-mentioned two first slide rails 21 can self-balancing playscript with stage directions body 1 high order end to low order end, thereby further improved the commentaries on classics stake scope of first crane boom 11.

Left end described in the literary composition be among the figure near an end of above-mentioned first crane boom 11, correspondingly, right-hand member is away from an end of first crane boom 11 among the figure.

On the basis of the above-mentioned specific embodiment, foundation construction platform provided by the present invention can also comprise second slide rail, 22 (see figure 3)s along first gripper shoe, 41 horizontally sets, second gripper shoe 42 of bottom is supported in second slide rail 22 by being installed on separately respectively for first vertical beam 112 and second vertical beam 113, and can slide along described second slide rail 22.

Above-mentioned first crane boom 11 can selectively be fixed in platform body 1 with it by the first locking member (not shown).

Apparently, in some workplace, the high order end that first slide rail 21 there is no need self-balancing playscript with stage directions body 1 extends to the low order end of platform body 1, at this moment, can design the length and the width of first slide rail 21 according to the scope of application of reality.

What it is pointed out that in this manual to be mentioned vertically is meant the directions X shown in the figure, correspondingly, laterally be meant described in the literary composition Y shown in the figure to, in addition, Z is to the expression vertical direction among the figure.

In the work progress of foundation construction platform, first crane boom 11 is after the effect lower edge of driver part first slide rail 21 slides into the appropriate location, by first lifting part 31 pile tube 0 is sling, then, first crane boom 11 slides on first slide rail 21, drive pile tube 0 simultaneously and slide synchronously, after arriving a following position, first crane boom 11 puts down pile tube 0 and realizes a following operation by following parts on the platform body 1.Like this, need not auxiliary equipment such as crane, can realize getting operations such as stake, commentaries on classics stake, therefore, reduced the auxiliary construction equipment of foundation construction platform, thereby reduced the operating cost of foundation construction platform by other outfit.

Can also be further improved foundation construction platform provided by the present invention.

Please refer to Fig. 2, Fig. 3 and Fig. 5, Fig. 2 is the stereogram of the another kind of specific embodiment of foundation construction platform provided by the present invention; Fig. 3 is the structural representation of overlooking direction of foundation construction platform shown in Figure 2; Fig. 5 is the structural representation of side-looking direction in a kind of specific embodiment of second crane boom provided by the present invention.

In the another kind of specific embodiment, the foundation construction platform that is used for beach or greater coasting area construction provided by the present invention, can also comprise second crane boom 12, second crossbeam 121 of this second crane boom 12 is equipped with second lifting part 32, and second crane boom 12 can slide along first slide rail 21.Like this, when above-mentioned first crane boom 11 when hanging operation, this second crane boom 12 can carry out the commentaries on classics stake operation of another root canal pile 0, thereby has significantly improved the operating efficiency of foundation construction platform; Simultaneously, when single pile tube 0 weight bigger, and when using first crane boom 11 to finish to hang operation separately, can cooperatively interacting by second crane boom 12 and first crane boom 11, thereby finish the stake of hanging of heavier pile tube 0, and then further enlarged a scope of hanging of foundation construction platform.

The number of above-mentioned first slide rail 21 can be two, above-mentioned second crane boom 12 may further include the 3rd vertical beam 122 and the 4th vertical beam 123 that is installed on second crossbeam, 121 two ends, and the bottom of the 3rd vertical beam 122 and the 4th vertical beam 123 is separately installed with the 3rd gripper shoe 43, and described the 3rd vertical beam 122 and the 4th vertical beam 123 are supported in two first slide rails 21 by above-mentioned the 3rd gripper shoe 43 respectively, and can slide along two first slide rails 21 respectively.

On the basis of the above-mentioned specific embodiment, foundation construction platform provided by the present invention can also comprise along the 3rd slide rail 23 of the 3rd gripper shoe 43 horizontally sets, the 4th gripper shoe 44 of bottom is supported in the 3rd slide rail 23 by being installed on separately respectively for the 3rd vertical beam 122 and the 4th vertical beam 123, and can slide along described the 3rd slide rail 23.

Above-mentioned second crane boom 12 can selectively be fixed in platform body 1 with it by the second locking member (not shown).

Above-mentioned first lifting part 31 can be for being installed on the winding plant of first crossbeam, 111 appropriate locations, correspondingly, above-mentioned second lifting part 32 can be for being installed on the winding plant of second crossbeam, 121 appropriate locations, pile tube 0 is sling or fallen by the folding and unfolding of elevator, winding plant is simple in structure, easy for installation, be used in engineering machinery field widely.Apparently, above-mentioned first lifting part 31 and second lifting part 32 also are not limited to winding plant, the main effect of above-mentioned first lifting part 31 and second lifting part 32 is, pile tube 0 is sling from stacking the place, and it is transferred to the position that needs piling, the component of other form of structure of above purpose be can realize, above-mentioned first lifting part 31 and second lifting part 32 also can be used as

The specific embodiment.

Above-mentioned two winding plants can laterally move with respect to first crossbeam 111 and second crossbeam 121 respectively, like this, can move and first crane boom 11 and second crane boom 12 cooperate in mobile phase longitudinally horizontal by winding plant, thereby enlarge the scope that pile tube 0 moves.

Above-mentioned first crane boom 11 and second crane boom 12 all can be truss structure, so that under the condition of guaranteed strength, make first crane boom 11 and second crane boom 12 have less deadweight, thereby improve a weight of hanging of first crane boom 11 and second crane boom 12.Apparently, above-mentioned first crane boom 11 and second crane boom 12 also are not limited to truss structure, under the condition that satisfies application target and working strength, also can be conventional other tower structures that use in this area.

Above-mentioned first crane boom 11 and second crane boom 12 slide along first slide rail 21, its concrete form can for, first crane boom 11 and second crane boom 12 slide along first slide rail 21 under the effect of power set.Above-mentioned slip can be for selectively sliding, also be, when first crane boom 11 and second crane boom 12 when the position need change longitudinally, effect lower edge first slide rail 21 of each comfortable power set slides, and when it moves to the appropriate location, can under the effect of first locking member or second locking member, fix.Apparently, above-mentioned first crane boom 11 and second crane boom 12 can be realized locking with platform body 1 respectively in the vertical, particularly, when first crane boom 11 when mobile, second crane boom 12 can be locked in platform body 1, and vice versa, and the locking of the two can mutual restriction.

Above-mentioned first locking member and second locking member all can be the conventional parts that are used for device locking and fix that use in this area.

The height of above-mentioned first crane boom 11 can be lower than the height of second crane boom 12, so that when guaranteeing function of use, saves the cost of production of lifting gear.Apparently, the height of above-mentioned first crane boom 11 also is not limited to the height that is lower than second crane boom 12, and the height relationships of two crane booms should determine that its specific embodiment should not be subjected to the restriction of this manual according to concrete behavior in service.

Please continue referring to figs. 1 to Fig. 3, the supporting leg 5 of foundation construction platform provided by the present invention, be installed on the bottom of platform body 1, the basis of each supporting leg 5 comprises the chamber that is formed by upper plate and sidewall, described chamber is connected with the pump group by valve, and described pump group is selectively to described chamber voltage supply or be described chamber row pressure.

It is pointed out that the supporting leg 5 with above-mentioned concrete form can be applied in the foundation construction platform that above various embodiment provides.

When above-mentioned foundation construction platform during at following installation exercise, by the pump group is the chamber row pressure of barrel base, the pressure of chamber interior reduces gradually, form the inside and outside pressure differential of chamber, water flows by native mesopore under the effect of pressure reduction, produces seepage flow, forms the moving water stress field that constantly changes around the barrel base of supporting leg 5, barrel base bottom end resistance and sidewall friction resistance significantly reduce, and make barrel base pass through suction penetration; And when platform need move, by the pump group to described chamber voltage supply, make the pressure of chamber interior raise gradually, thereby barrel base is produced uplift force, barrel base is with respect to the surperficial rising of beach, platform floats, thereby realizes the quick transfer of the job location of beach operation platform, has improved the applicability of platform.

Foundation construction platform provided by the present invention can also comprise fastener, following again operation after by fastener pile tube 0 being clamped, thus improved the accuracy of time stake position.

Please refer to Fig. 6, Fig. 6 is the structural representation of a kind of specific embodiment of fastener provided by the present invention.

In a kind of specific embodiment, described fastener further comprises the pile holding device 6 that is installed on described platform body 1 afterbody removably, and along the 4th slide rail 24 of platform body 1 horizontally set, pile holding device 6 is supported in the 4th slide rail 24 by installing component 7, and can slide along the 4th slide rail 24.When above-mentioned second crane boom 12 is transported to the piling place with pile tube 0, pile tube 0 is put into above-mentioned pile holding device 6, after by pile holding device 6 pile tube 0 being clamped, carry out piling work again, thereby improved the accurate positioning of piling, improved piling quality.

Between above-mentioned pile holding device 6 and the installing component 7 dump ram 8 can be installed, so that described pile holding device 6 can be swung on perpendicular, like this, pile tube 0 is put into the process of pile holding device 6 when second crane boom 12, can by dump ram 8 pile holding device 6 be tilted earlier,, carry out piling work after again the pile holding device being resetted afterwards so that pile tube 0 is put into, thereby made things convenient for pile tube 0 to put into pile holding device 6, improved the operating efficiency of piling.

Please refer to Fig. 7, Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the another kind of specific embodiment of fastener provided by the present invention.

In the another kind of specific embodiment, installing component 7 provided by the present invention is installed on platform body 1 by turntable 71, between pile holding device 6 and the installing component 7 oscillating oil cylinder 9 is installed also, so that described pile holding device 6 can be swung on horizontal plane and perpendicular.Thereby satisfy the piling requirement of clump of piles operation, enlarged the scope of application of pile holding device 6.

Above-mentioned oscillating oil cylinder 9 can have two, be installed on the both sides (as shown in the figure) of installing component 7 respectively, so that realize pile holding device 6 swing in the horizontal direction, simultaneously by adjusting two oscillating oil cylinders 9 respectively, two oscillating oil cylinders 9 can be realized the swing on the perpendicular when being synchronized with the movement.

Please refer to Fig. 8 and Fig. 9, Fig. 8 is the structural representation of a kind of specific embodiment of draft adjusting device provided by the present invention, and Fig. 9 is the extended configuration of draft adjusting device provided by the present invention and the schematic diagram of folded state.

In order to make platform body 1 adapt to the different depth of waters, in the preferred version, the both sides of platform body 1 are provided with two or more draft adjusting device 13, and it is in a symmetrical arrangement.

In a kind of concrete embodiment, draft adjusting device 13 comprises air bag 134, is used to regulate the water plane area of described platform body; Inflation system 131 is used to control filling, exitting of described air bag; Telescoping mechanism 133 is connected with described air bag, is used to control the flexible of air bag; Fixed bearing 132 is used for described telescoping mechanism is fixed on described platform body.The actuation means of described telescoping mechanism 133 is one of oil cylinder, cylinder or electric push rod; Described telescoping mechanism comprises a plurality of telescopic units that connect successively; Described telescopic unit is an expansion coupling, and described expansion coupling is the four-bar linkage structure form of parallelogram.

Boats and ships are when the navigation of normal marine site, and telescoping mechanism 133 shrinks, and makes air bag 134 be in collapsed folded (as Fig. 9 A), and platform body 1 is pressed the navigation of the normal load draught degree of depth; At this moment, ship resistance reduces, but operation at sea platform quick sailing.After the operation at sea platform arrived shallow water area, telescoping mechanism 133 stretched out, gas 134 capsules inflations (as Fig. 9 B) simultaneously, and air bag contacts with the water surface and becomes buoyancy tank, and buoyancy increases; At this moment, buoyancy is greater than whole operation at sea platform weight, and platform moves upward, and equates with platform weight until buoyancy; After the balance, the water plane area of platform body 1 is bigger, has correspondingly reduced the draft of platform; Because of the inflation of air bag have extremely strong can be handling, the increasable scope of platform body 1 water plane area is very big, thus, the draft of boats and ships also can correspondingly be lowered to a minimum scope, thereby satisfies the navigation requirement of coastal waters shallow water area.

More than a kind of foundation construction platform that is used for beach or greater coasting area provided by the present invention is described in detail.Used specific case herein principle of the present invention and embodiment are set forth, the explanation of above embodiment just is used for helping to understand method of the present invention and core concept thereof.Should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, under the prerequisite that does not break away from the principle of the invention, can also carry out some improvement and modification to the present invention, these improvement and modification also fall in the protection domain of claim of the present invention.

Claims (16)

1. a foundation construction platform is used for the foundation construction of beach or greater coasting area, comprises platform body (1), and the supporting leg (5) that is installed on described platform body (1) bottom; It is characterized in that, also comprise first crane boom (11), and along first slide rail (21) of vertical setting of described platform body (1); First crossbeam (111) of described first crane boom (11) is equipped with first lifting part (31), and described first crane boom (11) can slide along described first slide rail (21).
2. foundation construction platform according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the number of described first slide rail (21) is two, and described first crane boom (11) comprises first vertical beam (112) and second vertical beam (113) that is installed on described first crossbeam (111) two ends; Described first vertical beam (112) and described second vertical beam (113) respectively by be installed on its separately first gripper shoe (41) of bottom be supported in two described first slide rails (21), and can slide along two described first slide rails (21) respectively.
3. foundation construction platform according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, also comprise respectively second slide rail (22) along each described first gripper shoe (41) horizontally set, described first vertical beam (112) and described second vertical beam (113) respectively by its separately second gripper shoe (42) of bottom be supported in described second slide rail (22), and can slide along described second slide rail (22).
4. foundation construction platform according to claim 3 is characterized in that, also comprises first locking member, so that selectively described first crane boom (11) is lock onto described platform body (1).
5. according to each described foundation construction platform of claim 1 to 4, it is characterized in that, also comprise second crane boom (12), second crossbeam (121) of described second crane boom (12) is equipped with second lifting part (32), and described second crane boom (12) can slide along described first slide rail (21).
6. foundation construction platform according to claim 5, it is characterized in that, the number of described first slide rail (21) is two, and described second crane boom (12) comprises the 3rd vertical beam (122) and the 4th vertical beam (123) that is installed on described second crossbeam (121) two ends; Described the 3rd vertical beam (122) and described the 4th vertical beam (123) respectively by be installed on its separately the 3rd gripper shoe (43) of bottom be supported in two described first slide rails (21), and can slide along two described first slide rails (21) respectively.
7. foundation construction platform according to claim 6, it is characterized in that, also comprise along the 3rd slide rail (23) of described the 3rd gripper shoe (43) horizontally set, the 4th gripper shoe (44) of bottom is supported in described the 3rd slide rail (23) by being installed on separately respectively for described the 3rd vertical beam (122) and described the 4th vertical beam (123), and can slide along described the 3rd slide rail (23).
8. foundation construction platform according to claim 7 is characterized in that, also comprises second locking member, so that selectively described second crane boom (12) is lock onto described platform body (1).
9. foundation construction platform according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the basis of described supporting leg (5) comprises the chamber that is formed by upper plate and sidewall, and described chamber is connected with the pump group by valve, and described pump group is selectively to described chamber voltage supply or be described chamber row pressure.
10. foundation construction platform according to claim 1 is characterized in that, also comprises fastener; Described fastener further comprises the pile holding device (6) that is installed on described platform body (1) afterbody removably, and along the 4th slide rail (24) of described platform body (1) horizontally set; Described pile holding device (6) is supported in described the 4th slide rail (24) by installing component (7), and can slide along described the 4th slide rail (24).
11. foundation construction platform according to claim 10 is characterized in that, between described pile holding device (6) and the described installing component (7) dump ram (8) is installed, so that described pile holding device (6) can be swung on perpendicular.
12. Infrastructure platform according to claim 10, it is characterized in that, described installing component (7) is installed on described platform body (1) by turntable (71), described pile holding device (6) between described pile holding device (6) and the described installing component (7) oscillating oil cylinder (9) is installed also, so that can be swung on horizontal plane and perpendicular.
13. Infrastructure platform according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the side of described platform body is provided with two or more draft adjusting device (13), and in a symmetrical arrangement.
14. Infrastructure platform according to claim 13 is characterized in that, described draft adjusting device comprises: air bag (134), the water plane area that is used to regulate described platform body; Inflation system (131) is used to control filling, exitting of described air bag; Telescoping mechanism (133) is connected with described air bag, is used to control the flexible of air bag; Fixed bearing (132) is used for described telescoping mechanism is fixed on described platform body.
15. Infrastructure platform according to claim 14 is characterized in that, the actuation means of described telescoping mechanism (133) is one of oil cylinder, cylinder or electric push rod; Described telescoping mechanism comprises a plurality of telescopic units that connect successively; Described telescopic unit is an expansion coupling, and described expansion coupling is the four-bar linkage structure form of parallelogram.
16. Infrastructure platform according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described platform body can be provided with dynamical system and have from navigating function or dynamical system is not set, by tugboat traction navigation.
CN 201010112148 2009-11-27 2010-02-10 Foundation construction platform for intertidal zone or offshore zone CN102080370A (en)

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CN200910237983.X 2009-11-27
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CN 201010112148 CN102080370A (en) 2009-11-27 2010-02-10 Foundation construction platform for intertidal zone or offshore zone
EP20100003135 EP2327838A2 (en) 2009-11-27 2010-03-24 A foundation construction platform used in a beach or offshore areas
US12/731,821 US20110129303A1 (en) 2009-11-27 2010-03-25 Foundation Construction Platform Used In a Beach or Offshore Areas
JP2010100628A JP2011111155A (en) 2009-11-27 2010-04-26 Foundation construction platform used in beach or offshore area

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CN103362447A (en) * 2013-06-28 2013-10-23 三一集团有限公司 Underwater drilling device and pile forming equipment
CN103963932A (en) * 2014-04-18 2014-08-06 徐州工程学院 Self-mobile platform for shoal super-soft stratum development operation and overwater development operation
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CN105568948A (en) * 2016-02-26 2016-05-11 福建省新能海上风电研发中心有限公司 Multifunctional self-elevating platform used for offshore pile foundation localization guiding and exploration and working method of platform
CN105966568A (en) * 2016-05-20 2016-09-28 武汉理工大学 Self-adaptive adjustable device arranged on maritime cruising search and rescue unmanned ship
CN107933834A (en) * 2017-11-27 2018-04-20 武汉理工大学 A kind of multifunction railway formula crane ship
CN108951631A (en) * 2018-09-18 2018-12-07 江苏华西村海洋工程服务有限公司 Four pile leader frame construction techniques
CN108951629A (en) * 2018-09-18 2018-12-07 江苏华西村海洋工程服务有限公司 Jacket pitching pile technique

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