CN101933422B - Cross-row traveling wide-narrow row close planting hand-held rice transplanter - Google Patents

Cross-row traveling wide-narrow row close planting hand-held rice transplanter Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN101933422B
CN101933422B CN 201010253863 CN201010253863A CN101933422B CN 101933422 B CN101933422 B CN 101933422B CN 201010253863 CN201010253863 CN 201010253863 CN 201010253863 A CN201010253863 A CN 201010253863A CN 101933422 B CN101933422 B CN 101933422B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
seedling
row
case
wide
rice
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 201010253863
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN101933422A (en
Inventor
李革
朱德峰
徐一成
舒伟军
陈慧哲
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhejiang Sci Tech University ZSTU
Zhejiang University of Science and Technology ZUST
China National Rice Research Institute
Original Assignee
Zhejiang Sci Tech University ZSTU
China National Rice Research Institute
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Zhejiang Sci Tech University ZSTU, China National Rice Research Institute filed Critical Zhejiang Sci Tech University ZSTU
Priority to CN 201010253863 priority Critical patent/CN101933422B/en
Publication of CN101933422A publication Critical patent/CN101933422A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101933422B publication Critical patent/CN101933422B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Abstract

The invention discloses a cross-row traveling wide-narrow row close planting hand-held rice transplanter, comprising an engine, a ground traveling imitation mechanism, a driving wheel traveling system, a rice transplanting mechanism, a reciprocating mechanism of a rice case, and a hand-held operation system. The distance between the transplanting claws of the rice transplanter is arranged according to the width interval of a wide row and a narrow row. The two transplanting claws in the middle of the rice transplanter form a middle narrow row, a piece of blanket-shape seedlings on the rice case is taken by two crank rocker-type rice transplanting mechanisms at the same time to form the close planted wide-narrow row transplanting, and the crankshafts of the two crank rocker-type rice transplanting mechanisms are connected together. An operator can walk on the two wide rows adjacent to the narrow row in the middle. Due to that the left foot and the right foot of the operator step on the wide rows at the left side and the right side of the middle narrow row, and the traveling by one foot can reduce the width of the traveling row, therefore the close planting wide-narrow row transplanting operation with the larger transplanting density than that of the existing hand-held rice transplanters can be realized.

Description

The wide-narrow row close planting hand transplanting machine of inter-bank walking
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of rice planting machine, especially, relate to a kind of for wide-and narrow-row rice close planting type rice transplanting machine.
Background technology
Current hand-held and high-speed rice seedling planter such as have at 30cm and the 24cm rice transplanter of line-spacing, and narrow row is that 24cm, wide row are the wide-and narrow-row rice transplanters of 30cm.The seeding row spacing of these rice transplanting machine transplanting of rice is wide, and the clump number density of unit are is too low, can not adapt to the requirement of the male sterile line machine transplanting of rice in the hybrid rice production of hybrid seeds.China's hybrid rice area accounts for the paddy rice gross area more than 60 percent, the hybrid rice production of hybrid seeds is owing to there is no suitable rice transplanter, substantially be transplanting rice seedling by hand, along with the rural laborer shifts and the rise of labour's wage cost, in the urgent need to the close planting type rice transplanting machine of the suitable hybrid rice production of hybrid seeds.The key that adapts to hybrid rice production of hybrid seeds transplanting be machine transplanting of rice line-spacing from original 30cm or 24cm, design machine transplanting of rice line-spacing is that 15cm is to 20cm.
The operating personnel of existing hand transplanting machine are the centres of walking at the rice transplanter middle two rows, and middle line space is 30cm.For this reason, have no idea to reduce middle line space.
Someone wide-and narrow-row saddle type rice transplanter that proposes to know clearly.In order to reduce the complexity of rice transplanter, in design, adopt the blanket shape seedling of a seedling-containging disc by the seedling taking of two seedling pawls, but, two rice shoots of wide line space are got slotting mechanism and are connected on same transmission case, make two row rice shoots of rice transplanter limit row that a transmission case that only has two seedling pawls need to be set specially, in fact increased the complexity of machine.If this design philosophy is used for to the hand transplanting machine of dense planting, to increase too the complicated mechanism degree of hand transplanting machine.Also someone has proposed to adopt the wide-and narrow-row rice transplanter of the blanket shape seedling of a seedling-containging disc by the seedling taking of two seedling pawls, but, the width of seedling-containging disc is just the twice of two narrow row seedling pawl spacings, and it is not smooth that this design can cause blanket shape seedling to glide along seedling-containging disc, easily causes the miss in seedling setting phenomenon.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to for the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of rice transplanter of the wide-and narrow-row for the paddy rice dense planting is provided.
In order to achieve the above object, the technical solution used in the present invention is: a kind of wide-narrow row close planting hand transplanting machine of inter-bank walking comprises side kickboard, middle kickboard, engine, gearbox, left driving wheel sprocket cassette, right driving wheel sprocket cassette, left driving wheel, right driving wheel, frame, seedling box mover transmission case, seedling case, handrail, slideway, double-screw shaft nut, seedling case connecting rod, seedling case double-screw shaft, space bar, seedling-containging disc, side plate, seedling setting gate, seedling pawl, rocking bar, crank, seedling pawl crank axle, crank axle sprocket wheel, jackshaft sprocket wheel, jackshaft.Wherein, described side kickboard and middle kickboard are positioned at the bottom of whole device, seedling case double-screw shaft is a double-screw shaft with uniform pitch, be rotary with the double-screw shaft nut on it, double-screw shaft nut, seedling case connecting rod are fixedly connected with the seedling case, and the seedling case is placed on slideway, and slideway is fixed on the bottom of handrail, have seedling setting gate on it, the number of seedling setting gate is all corresponding with the seedling pawl with position.The seedling case is formed by fixedly connecting by several seedling-containging discs, space bar and side plate, and space bar and side plate are higher than seedling-containging disc, and the seedling pawl is connected with crank with rocking bar.Jackshaft sprocket wheel on jackshaft is connected with several seedling pawl crank axles by the crank axle sprocket wheel, and seedling pawl and rocking bar, crank, seedling box mover transmission case form a crank and rocker mechanism.Connect two seedling pawls on a seedling pawl crank axle simultaneously.The frame two ends are connected with the seedling box mover transmission case with gearbox respectively, and handrail is connected with the seedling box mover transmission case.Engine is positioned at the front end of whole device, and engine is connected with gearbox by belt wheel, and gearbox is connected with left driving wheel by the left driving wheel chain cover, and gearbox is connected with right driving wheel by right driving wheel chain cover.
Further, described two seedling pawls that are connected on same seedling pawl crank axle form narrow row, and these two seedling pawls are in same seedling-containging disc seedling taking, and adjacent two the seedling pawls that are connected on different seedling pawl crank axles form wide row.Described narrow row line-spacing is K 1=12~18cm, wide every trade distance is K 2=24~36cm, the width K of seedling-containging disc 20 3narrow row line-spacing K 1twice, and have more 2~5mm.
The present invention compares with background technology, and the beneficial effect had is:
1, the left and right pin due to operating personnel is to walk respectively in the wide row of narrow row arranged on left and right sides in the middle of machine, and single pin is walked the width that can reduce the walking row.So, can realize the close planting type wide-and narrow-row rice transplanting operation larger than current hand transplanting machine density of transplants.
2, the blanket shape seedling that adopts a seedling-containging disc is by the seedling taking of two seedling pawls, and 2~5mm more than the twice of the width narrow row width of seedling-containging disc can be so that the width of seedling-containging disc be slightly larger than the width of blanket shape seedling, eliminates the blanket shape seedling disadvantageous problem that descends, and reduces miss in seedling setting.
3, the motion of the rice transplanting seedling pawl of every two narrow rows is to be driven by same seedling pawl crank axle, can greatly reduce the complexity of rice transplanting mechanism transmission system.
The accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is front view of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the seedling pawl of Fig. 1 and the kinematic sketch of mechanism of seedling case;
In figure: 1, the side kickboard, 2, middle kickboard, 3, engine, 4, gearbox, 5, the left driving wheel sprocket cassette, 6, right driving wheel sprocket cassette, 7, left driving wheel, 8, right driving wheel, 9, frame, 10, the seedling box mover transmission case, 11, the seedling case, 12, handrail, 13, slideway, 14, rice shoot, 15, operating personnel's footprint, 16, the double-screw shaft nut, 17, seedling case connecting rod, 18, seedling case double-screw shaft, 19, space bar, 20, seedling-containging disc, 21, side plate, 22, seedling setting gate, 23, the seedling pawl, 24, rocking bar, 25, crank, 26, seedling pawl crank axle, 27, the crank axle sprocket wheel, 28, the jackshaft sprocket wheel, 29, jackshaft.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further illustrated, and it is more obvious that purpose of the present invention and effect will become.
As shown in the figure, the wide-narrow row close planting hand transplanting machine of inter-bank walking of the present invention, comprise side kickboard 1, middle kickboard 2, engine 3, gearbox 4, left driving wheel sprocket cassette 5, right driving wheel sprocket cassette 6, left driving wheel 7, right driving wheel 8, frame 9, seedling box mover transmission case 10, seedling case 11, handrail 12, slideway 13, double-screw shaft nut 16, seedling case connecting rod 17, seedling case double-screw shaft 18, space bar 19, seedling-containging disc 20, side plate 21, seedling setting gate 22, seedling pawl 23, rocking bar 24, crank 25, seedling pawl crank axle 26, crank axle sprocket wheel 27, jackshaft sprocket wheel 28, jackshaft 29.
Side kickboard 1 and middle kickboard 2 are positioned at the bottom of whole device, and middle kickboard 2 is positioned at the centre of two side kickboards 1.
Engine 3 is arranged on the front portion of whole device, and engine 3 is connected with gearbox 9 by belt wheel, and gearbox 9 is connected with left driving wheel 7 by left driving wheel chain cover 5, and gearbox 9 is connected with right driving wheel 8 by right driving wheel chain cover 6.
Frame 9 two ends are connected with seedling box mover transmission case 10 with gearbox 9 respectively, and handrail 12 is connected with the rear portion of seedling box mover transmission case 10, and slideway 13 is fixed on the bottom of handrail 12, and the size according to line-spacing on it has seedling setting gate 22.
The lower end of seedling case 11 is connected with sliding pair with slideway 13; Seedling case double-screw shaft 18 is the double-screw shafts with uniform pitch, left-handed and dextrorotation, it is arranged in seedling box mover transmission case 10, double-screw shaft nut 16 is connected with seedling case double-screw shaft 18 by screw thread, and double-screw shaft nut 16, seedling case connecting rod 17 are fixedly connected with seedling case 11.
Seedling case 11 is to be formed by fixedly connecting by several seedling-containging discs 20, space bar 19 and side plate 21, and space bar 19 and side plate 21 are higher than seedling-containging disc 20.The width K of seedling-containging disc 20 3narrow row line-spacing K 1twice, and have more 2~5mm.
Jackshaft 29 is arranged on the top in seedling box mover transmission case 10, equidistant several jackshaft sprocket wheels 28 of installing on it, rocking bar 24 and seedling pawl crank axle 26 are arranged on the bottom of seedling box mover transmission case 10, a crank axle sprocket wheel 27 is installed on each seedling pawl crank axle 26, and jackshaft sprocket wheel 28 is connected by chain with crank axle sprocket wheel 27.
Seedling pawl 23 is connected with crank 25 with rocking bar 24, and seedling pawl 23 forms a crank and rocker mechanism with rocking bar 24, crank 25, seedling box mover transmission case 10.The crank 25 of every two narrow row seedling pawls 23 is connected on same seedling pawl crank axle 26.
Rice shoot 14 is placed on seedling-containging disc 20, and seedling pawl 23 captures rice shoot by the seedling setting gate 22 on slideway 13, the seedling taking in same seedling-containging disc 20 of the seedling pawl 23 of every two narrow rows, the position of the corresponding seedling pawl 23 in seedling setting gate 22 positions on slideway 13.
Narrow row in the middle of two seedling pawls 23 in the middle of machine form, the narrow row line-spacing is K 1=12~18cm, operating personnel's left and right pin is walked respectively in the wide row of middle narrow row both sides, and the line-spacing of wide row is K 2=24~36cm.
Engine 3 passes to power in gearbox 9 by belt wheel, and the power of gearbox 9 is divided into two parts and spreads out of: a part of power is taken turns chain cover 5 and 6 by left and right driving and is driven 7 and 8 motions of left and right driving wheel; Another power drives the motion of seedling case 11 and seedling pawl 23 by seedling box mover transmission case 10.
Side kickboard 1 and middle kickboard 2 play the profiling on ground and the effect of floating earth's surface mud face, guarantee that the degree of depth of rice transplanting is consistent.
The double-screw shaft nut 16 that the rotation of seedling case double-screw shaft 18 drives on it is done linear reciprocating motion, the stroke of motion equals the line-spacing of narrow row, double-screw shaft nut 16 drives seedling case 11 by seedling case connecting rod 17 and do same linear reciprocating motion on slideway 13, realizes the horizontal seedling sending campaign of rice transplanter.
The rotation of jackshaft 29 is rotated by jackshaft sprocket wheel 28, chain and crank axle sprocket wheel 27 driving cranks 25, drives connected seedling pawl 23 and does plane motion, completes the action of seedling pawl 23 seedling taking from seedling setting gate 22.

Claims (1)

1. the wide-narrow row close planting hand transplanting machine of inter-bank walking, it is characterized in that, comprise side kickboard (1), middle kickboard (2), engine (3), gearbox (4), left driving wheel sprocket cassette (5), right driving wheel sprocket cassette (6), left driving wheel (7), right driving wheel (8), frame (9), seedling box mover transmission case (10), seedling case (11), handrail (12), slideway (13), double-screw shaft nut (16), seedling case connecting rod (17), seedling case double-screw shaft (18), space bar (19), seedling-containging disc (20), side plate (21), seedling setting gate (22), seedling pawl (23), rocking bar (24), crank (25), seedling pawl crank axle (26), crank axle sprocket wheel (27), jackshaft sprocket wheel (28) and jackshaft (29), wherein, described side kickboard (1) and middle kickboard (2) are positioned at the bottom of whole device, seedling case double-screw shaft (18) is a double-screw shaft with uniform pitch, be rotary with double-screw shaft nut (16) on it, double-screw shaft nut (16), seedling case connecting rod (17) and seedling case (11) are fixedly connected with, seedling case (11) is placed on slideway (13), slideway (13) is fixed on the bottom of handrail (12), have seedling setting gate (22) on slideway (13), the number of seedling setting gate (22) and position are all corresponding with seedling pawl (23), seedling case (11) is formed by fixedly connecting by several seedling-containging discs (20), space bar (19) and side plate (21), space bar (19) and side plate (21) are higher than seedling-containging disc (20), and seedling pawl (23) is connected with crank (25) with rocking bar (24) respectively, jackshaft sprocket wheel (28) on jackshaft (29) is connected with several seedling pawl crank axles (26) by crank axle sprocket wheel (27), and seedling pawl (23) forms a crank and rocker mechanism with rocking bar (24), crank (25), seedling box mover transmission case (10), connect two seedling pawls (23) on a seedling pawl crank axle (26) simultaneously, frame (9) two ends are connected with seedling box mover transmission case (10) with gearbox (4) respectively, and handrail (12) is connected with seedling box mover transmission case (10), engine (3) is positioned at the front end of whole device, engine (3) is connected with gearbox (4) by belt wheel, gearbox (4) is connected with left driving wheel (7) by left driving wheel sprocket cassette (5), and gearbox (4) is connected with right driving wheel (8) by right driving wheel sprocket cassette (6), described two the seedling pawls (23) that are connected on same seedling pawl crank axle (26) form narrow row, these two seedling pawls (23) are in same seedling-containging disc (20) seedling taking, and adjacent two the seedling pawls (23) that are connected on different seedling pawl crank axles (26) form wide row, described narrow row line-spacing is K 1=12~18cm, wide every trade distance is K 2=24~36cm, the width K of seedling-containging disc (20) 3narrow row line-spacing K 1twice, and have more 2~5mm.
CN 201010253863 2010-08-13 2010-08-13 Cross-row traveling wide-narrow row close planting hand-held rice transplanter Expired - Fee Related CN101933422B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201010253863 CN101933422B (en) 2010-08-13 2010-08-13 Cross-row traveling wide-narrow row close planting hand-held rice transplanter

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201010253863 CN101933422B (en) 2010-08-13 2010-08-13 Cross-row traveling wide-narrow row close planting hand-held rice transplanter

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101933422A CN101933422A (en) 2011-01-05
CN101933422B true CN101933422B (en) 2013-06-19

Family

ID=43387180

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 201010253863 Expired - Fee Related CN101933422B (en) 2010-08-13 2010-08-13 Cross-row traveling wide-narrow row close planting hand-held rice transplanter

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN101933422B (en)

Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102783296B (en) * 2012-07-28 2015-03-25 安徽农业大学 Adjustable-row-spacing seedling box structure for high-speed rice transplanter
CN105123049B (en) * 2015-08-28 2017-08-15 安徽省锦禾农业装备有限责任公司 A kind of two-dimentional width rice transplanter of even rotating speed

Family Cites Families (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS599557Y2 (en) * 1978-06-26 1984-03-26 株式会社クボタ rice transplanter
JP2907658B2 (en) * 1992-09-30 1999-06-21 株式会社クボタ Seedling planting equipment
CN101779540B (en) * 2010-03-18 2012-01-25 中国水稻研究所 Wide-and narrow-row rice transplanter
CN101796905B (en) * 2010-03-19 2012-11-14 南通富来威农业装备有限公司 Wide- and narrow-row handheld rice transplanter with wide partition in seedling box

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN101933422A (en) 2011-01-05

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN101796905B (en) Wide- and narrow-row handheld rice transplanter with wide partition in seedling box
CN101933422B (en) Cross-row traveling wide-narrow row close planting hand-held rice transplanter
CN203575057U (en) Wide-narrow row walking rice transplanter with multiple groove-shaped wide partition plates in seedling box
CN101803502B (en) Handhold wide-narrow row rice transplanting machine with seedling box partition plates of unequal spaces
CN201797731U (en) Wide-narrow row close planting hand transplanting machine for rice
CN102511232B (en) Rice transplanter
CN201639972U (en) Wide-narrow row hand-held rice transplanter with wide partition board seed box
CN201595002U (en) Inserting type planting machine
CN201639973U (en) Wide-narrow row hand-held rice transplanter with seedling boxes with partition boards at unequal intervals
CN102630537B (en) Two-row crop film covering machine
CN107295831B (en) Hole opening device of seeder
CN201008263Y (en) Point insertion type garlic sowing machine
CN105123049A (en) Uniform-rotating-speed two-dimensional wide and narrow transplanter
CN103109628A (en) Wide-narrow row spacing handheld rice transplanter provided with seedling box with wide partition plates
CN202958158U (en) Transplanting mechanism of rice transplanter for hybrid rice production and female parent transplantation
CN205005467U (en) Even rotational speed two dimension width transplanter
CN202907466U (en) American ginseng harvester
CN104255140A (en) Crank-slider ejection type single-grain precise seeding device
CN202444768U (en) Novel rice planter
CN201042124Y (en) Light-duty type manual direct seeder for paddy rice
CN211128954U (en) Seedling sowing driving device
CN107347580A (en) Suspension type plays sapling machine
CN207022470U (en) A kind of garlic seed fetching equipment
CN102379180B (en) Pot rice seedling punch-transplanting machine
CN211090610U (en) Rice transplanting and seedling supplementing device

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130619

Termination date: 20150813

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model