CN101912761A - Dielectric discharge reactor of uniform electric field - Google Patents

Dielectric discharge reactor of uniform electric field Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101912761A
CN101912761A CN2010102175888A CN201010217588A CN101912761A CN 101912761 A CN101912761 A CN 101912761A CN 2010102175888 A CN2010102175888 A CN 2010102175888A CN 201010217588 A CN201010217588 A CN 201010217588A CN 101912761 A CN101912761 A CN 101912761A
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dielectric
container
electric field
dielectric medium
reactor
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CN101912761B (en
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洪昆喨
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Sino German environmental protection science and Technology (Yancheng) Co., Ltd.
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洪昆喨
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Priority to CN201010217588.8A priority Critical patent/CN101912761B/en
Publication of CN101912761A publication Critical patent/CN101912761A/en
Priority to US13/171,568 priority patent/US8460613B2/en
Priority to JP2011144752A priority patent/JP6004613B2/en
Priority to KR1020110066015A priority patent/KR101535904B1/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J19/00Chemical, physical or physico-chemical processes in general; Their relevant apparatus
    • B01J19/08Processes employing the direct application of electric or wave energy, or particle radiation; Apparatus therefor
    • B01J19/12Processes employing the direct application of electric or wave energy, or particle radiation; Apparatus therefor employing electromagnetic waves
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05HPLASMA TECHNIQUE; PRODUCTION OF ACCELERATED ELECTRICALLY-CHARGED PARTICLES OR OF NEUTRONS; PRODUCTION OR ACCELERATION OF NEUTRAL MOLECULAR OR ATOMIC BEAMS
    • H05H1/00Generating plasma; Handling plasma
    • H05H1/24Generating plasma
    • H05H1/2406Generating plasma using dielectric barrier discharges, i.e. with a dielectric interposed between the electrodes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L9/00Disinfection, sterilisation or deodorisation of air
    • A61L9/16Disinfection, sterilisation or deodorisation of air using physical phenomena
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L9/00Disinfection, sterilisation or deodorisation of air
    • A61L9/16Disinfection, sterilisation or deodorisation of air using physical phenomena
    • A61L9/22Ionisation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/32Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by electrical effects other than those provided for in group B01D61/00
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J19/00Chemical, physical or physico-chemical processes in general; Their relevant apparatus
    • B01J19/08Processes employing the direct application of electric or wave energy, or particle radiation; Apparatus therefor
    • B01J19/087Processes employing the direct application of electric or wave energy, or particle radiation; Apparatus therefor employing electric or magnetic energy
    • B01J19/088Processes employing the direct application of electric or wave energy, or particle radiation; Apparatus therefor employing electric or magnetic energy giving rise to electric discharges
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/46Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by electrochemical methods
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/46Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by electrochemical methods
    • C02F1/4608Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by electrochemical methods using electrical discharges
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J2219/00Chemical, physical or physico-chemical processes in general; Their relevant apparatus
    • B01J2219/00002Chemical plants
    • B01J2219/00027Process aspects
    • B01J2219/0004Processes in series
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J2219/00Chemical, physical or physico-chemical processes in general; Their relevant apparatus
    • B01J2219/08Processes employing the direct application of electric or wave energy, or particle radiation; Apparatus therefor
    • B01J2219/0803Processes employing the direct application of electric or wave energy, or particle radiation; Apparatus therefor employing electric or magnetic energy
    • B01J2219/0805Processes employing the direct application of electric or wave energy, or particle radiation; Apparatus therefor employing electric or magnetic energy giving rise to electric discharges
    • B01J2219/0807Processes employing the direct application of electric or wave energy, or particle radiation; Apparatus therefor employing electric or magnetic energy giving rise to electric discharges involving electrodes
    • B01J2219/0824Details relating to the shape of the electrodes
    • B01J2219/0835Details relating to the shape of the electrodes substantially flat
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
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    • B01J2219/00Chemical, physical or physico-chemical processes in general; Their relevant apparatus
    • B01J2219/08Processes employing the direct application of electric or wave energy, or particle radiation; Apparatus therefor
    • B01J2219/0873Materials to be treated
    • B01J2219/0875Gas
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J2219/00Chemical, physical or physico-chemical processes in general; Their relevant apparatus
    • B01J2219/08Processes employing the direct application of electric or wave energy, or particle radiation; Apparatus therefor
    • B01J2219/0873Materials to be treated
    • B01J2219/0877Liquid
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
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    • B01J2219/08Processes employing the direct application of electric or wave energy, or particle radiation; Apparatus therefor
    • B01J2219/0873Materials to be treated
    • B01J2219/0892Materials to be treated involving catalytically active material
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05HPLASMA TECHNIQUE; PRODUCTION OF ACCELERATED ELECTRICALLY-CHARGED PARTICLES OR OF NEUTRONS; PRODUCTION OR ACCELERATION OF NEUTRAL MOLECULAR OR ATOMIC BEAMS
    • H05H1/00Generating plasma; Handling plasma
    • H05H1/24Generating plasma
    • H05H1/2406Generating plasma using dielectric barrier discharges, i.e. with a dielectric interposed between the electrodes
    • H05H1/2443Generating plasma using dielectric barrier discharges, i.e. with a dielectric interposed between the electrodes the plasma fluid flowing through a dielectric tube
    • H05H1/246Generating plasma using dielectric barrier discharges, i.e. with a dielectric interposed between the electrodes the plasma fluid flowing through a dielectric tube the plasma being activated using external electrodes
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05HPLASMA TECHNIQUE; PRODUCTION OF ACCELERATED ELECTRICALLY-CHARGED PARTICLES OR OF NEUTRONS; PRODUCTION OR ACCELERATION OF NEUTRAL MOLECULAR OR ATOMIC BEAMS
    • H05H2245/00Applications of plasma devices
    • H05H2245/10Treatment of gases
    • H05H2245/15Ambient air; Ozonisers

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Abstract

The invention relates to a dielectric discharge reactor of a uniform electric field. The dielectric discharge reactor comprises an electrode unit (3), an electrode unit (31), a dielectric catalyst container structure (4), a catalyst reactor drainage plate structure, a shell (2) accommodating the structures, an inlet pipe (7) and an outlet pipe (8), wherein the electrode unit (3) and the electrode unit (31) respectively consist of a positive electrode plate and a negative electrode plate; the dielectric catalyst container structure (4) is arranged between the positive electrode plate and the negative electrode plate; the catalyst reactor drainage plate structure is arranged in the dielectric catalyst container structure; each electrode unit is in a plane structure made of an insulating material, and fixed discharge needles are uniformly distributed on the surfaces of the structures and connected with a circuit; the two electrode plates have different electric polarities and are placed in parallel at two sides of a dielectric structure; the dielectric catalyst container structure is a hollow solid; a metal catalyst is adhered at the inner side of the dielectric structure; the drainage plate is made of a conducting substrate; and both sides of the drainage plate are adhered with a catalyst coating. The invention can be used for decomposing organic gas and solvents, killing bacteria in the air or water, degrading oily fume flowing by, and the like, and can be designed into air purification equipment, liquid sterilization and equipment or sewage treatment equipment.

Description

A kind of dielectric discharge reactor of uniform electric field
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of dielectric discharge reactor of uniform electric field, belong to the high-voltage discharge technical field.
Background technology
Utilize the dielectric medium discharge can decompose harmful organic gas such as airborne toluene, dimethylbenzene, the existing researcher of this respect made a few thing.Introduce employing dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) as 06 phase of " China Environmental Science " calendar year 2001 " the dielectric barrier discharge normal atmospheric pressure decomposes benzene, a dimethylbenzene " literary composition and decomposed the benzene in the dirty dynamic gas of normal atmospheric pressure, the research situation of dimethylbenzene waste gas; Utilize high-voltage discharge that sewage is handled correlative study is also arranged, but rest on the experimental study stage, the characteristic of high pressure pulse discharge water treatment mode mechanism and discharge has been carried out experimental study as " Dalian University of Technology " 2003 paper " experimental study of dielectric barrier discharge reactor in water treatment ".How principle related to the present invention, technology only as above-mentioned level do not see the dielectric discharge reactor of framework uniform electric field as yet.
Traditional dielectric discharge reactor has helix tube type and filling bed type dielectric discharge reactor, the structure that these reactors adopt is generally all similar, and the electric field of formation is not very even yet, and just there are blemishes in its treatment effect, and the ozone concentration height, still not ideal enough.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is, discharge and use limited problem in order to solve on the existing dielectric medium discharging structure reasonable inadequately, with high costs, a large amount of ozone.Its maximum deficiency is that the electric field uniformity is not enough, treatment effect is not ideal enough, there are problems such as a large amount of ozone releases, the present invention proposes a kind of dielectric discharge reactor of uniform electric field, this reactor can thoroughly address the above problem, the more important thing is the aspect that allows the dielectric medium discharge principle further develop uniform electric field, be easy to be applied to the field of people's daily life, make the equipment of economic framework sterilization, deodorizing, decomposition TVOCs become a kind of possibility.Utilize the sterilization that equipment had, the deodorizing of this innovative principle, the function of decomposition TVOCs can act on air, water, liquid beverage, waste water and part solid etc.
The technical scheme that realizes the object of the invention is that a kind of dielectric discharge reactor of uniform electric field of the present invention comprises:
The electrode unit (3,31) that the positive and negative electrode plate is formed;
Place the dielectric medium catalyst structure of container (4) between the parallel positive and negative electrode plate;
Be installed in the catalyst reactor drainage plate structure of dielectric medium catalyst structure of container inside;
The shell (2) and the import and export pipe (7,8) that hold said structure.
Electrode unit is the plane frame structure that an insulating materials is made, as Fig. 7, Fig. 8, shown in Figure 9.Battery lead plate is of a size of 100mm~5000mm * 100mm~5000mm, chooses as required.Evenly distribute on the battery lead plate face and fixing spray point, spray point is connected with electric wire in being embedded in the plate face, and each spray point is connected in parallel on the circuit.Two electrode plate electric polarity differences, the parallel both sides that are placed on dielectric medium catalyst structure of container, discharge Needles point is on the 5mm-60mm position to the distance between the dielectric medium catalyst structure of container, all spray points are corresponding one by one, and the size of dielectric medium catalyst structure of container, volume size are directly proportional with the output power of power supply.
Dielectric medium catalyst structure of container is originally as hollow entity, can be the entity of rectangle, circle, shape such as irregular, its planar dimension size is consistent with electrode unit, inboard adhesion metal of dielectric medium catalyst structure of container or metal oxide, as gold, silver, platinum, nickel, manganese, chromium etc. and oxide thereof, as metal solvent.Fig. 2 and Fig. 4 are respectively two kinds of forms of dielectric medium catalyst structure of container, and dielectric medium catalyst container frame (40) is a conductive base, and dielectric medium catalyst container inside is metal solvent (42).
In order to improve the chance that the fluid that enters dielectric discharge reactor contacts with dielectric medium, can in dielectric medium catalyst structure of container, increase drainage plate to improve the chance that fluid contacts with dielectric medium, the efficient of overall dielectric matter discharge reactor is drawn high once again, wherein the material-structure of drainage plate is identical with dielectric medium catalyst structure of container itself, and different persons are two-sided metal oxide cortex or the metal cortexes of all being attached with of drainage plate.As Figure 12, Figure 13 and Figure 15 is several forms of drainage plate structure.Figure 12 is Figure 10 internal structure, shown in the drainage plate structure be its inner drainage plate of installing structure that assumes diamond in shape, processed gas (or fluid) passes the drainage plate that assumes diamond in shape and arrange; Drainage plate structure shown in Figure 13 is its inner drainage plate undulate of installing, and drainage plate is installed on the axis of import and outlet.The drainage plate framework is made of drainage plate (41), and drainage plate is made by conductive base, two-sided metal oxide cortex or the metal cortex catalyst coating (42) of all being attached with of drainage plate, and the drainage plate in the drainage plate framework can be combined into rhombus or wavy shaped configuration; Drainage plate structure shown in Figure 15 is that inner drainage plate is formed the deflector type structure, and processed gas (or fluid) passes the baffling passage that drainage plate is formed, and has increased the holdup time of fluid in flow guiding structure.
When electrode unit is connected high voltage direct current, two electrode units are just connecing respectively, negative pole, or connect negative pole and ground connection respectively, just connect, the spray point of negative pole carries out point-to-point discharge relatively, under the high pressure between point-to-point, the hollow entity dielectric medium that conducts electricity discharges, just, negative ion is neutralization rapidly on the hollow entity of dielectric medium, and ion conducts on hollow entity dielectric medium, hollow dielectric medium makes discharge on the hollow entity dielectric medium even Tong Time that becomes produce powerful energy for the good conductor of electricity, this powerful discharge energy is for the organic gas of the hollow entity of this dielectric medium inside of flowing through, the decomposition of organic solvent is quite effective, no matter any Fine bacterium of dielectric medium inner space all can be killed in air or in the water fast, the effective decomposition of energy such as oil smoke of flowing through or pernicious gas quilt etc.
When the present invention is used for gas treatment,, all be ionized, be oxidized to anion fast, after air combines, be reduced into oxygen, water and carbon dioxide when pernicious gases such as airborne benzene, formaldehyde this dielectric medium electrion reactor of flowing through.Simultaneously formed electric field between two electrode units, be in the induction that two hollow entities of the dielectric medium between the electrode unit are subjected to electric field, the metal solvent that adheres on it can generate metal ion.When air passes processing unit, the metal that processing unit adheres to is subjected to electric field induction to produce metal ion, the TVOC toxic and harmfuls such as airborne formaldehyde, benzene, ammonia of effectively degrading, the metal ion oxidability is strong, simultaneously very strong bactericidal property is arranged also, can improve the quality of room air for a long time constantly to some extent.The ozone that the metal ion that metal solvent forms on the processing unit produces in the time of can also be to point-to-point discharge plays inhibitory action, significantly reduces the generation of ozone.
When the present invention is used for the liquid sterilization processing, after the energising of this dielectric medium electrion reactor electrodes unit, can form highfield in the hollow entity of dielectric medium between two electrode units, when the liquid that needs sterilization, when flowing through as running water, beverage etc., under effect of electric field, the Escherichia coli in the liquid etc. all can be killed rapidly.
When the present invention is used for the purified treatment of sewage, after the energising of this dielectric medium electrion reactor electrodes unit, can form highfield in the hollow entity of dielectric medium between two electrode units, be in the induction that two hollow entities of the dielectric medium between the electrode unit are subjected to electric field, the metal solvent that adheres on it can generate metal ion.When sewage liquid during by electrode unit and processing unit, the metal that processing unit adheres to produces metal ion in electric field, and effectively noxious materials such as the COD in the degradation of sewage, organophosphor play the effect of purifying waste water.
Can be according to needs to gas or water treatment, several dielectric discharge reactor of uniform electric field of the present invention are connected in series form modularity high tension dielectric matter processing unit, carry out multistep treatment.During series connection, the air inlet of the first order (liquid) mouth is total air inlet (liquid) mouth, (liquid) mouthful partial air inlet of connection (liquid) mouth of giving vent to anger of the first order, air inlet (liquid) mouth of partial giving vent to anger (liquid) mouthful connection third level, by that analogy, (liquid) mouth of giving vent to anger of afterbody is (liquid) mouth of always giving vent to anger.Be a modularity high tension dielectric matter processing unit as shown in figure 17, it is in series better processing effect by 3 grades of dielectric discharge reactors.
The present invention's beneficial effect compared with the prior art is, organic volatile gases such as effectively sterilization of the present invention, decomposition and removal TVOCs, can suppress the generation of ozone again, the more important thing is that exoelectrical reaction is even in the electrion reactor, reduce producing local responseless dead angle in the processing procedure.The present invention can be used for the decomposition of organic gas, organic solvent, can be used for killing fast the Fine bacterium in air or in the water, can be used for effectively decomposing the oil smoke of flowing through, and can be used for the places such as surface modification of plastic cement macromolecular material; Can design air purifier, organic sewage treatment facility, agricultural product disinfection equipment, hospital's sterilizing equipment, kitchen sterilizing equipment, decompose lampblack absorber etc., but application places is quite extensive.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is dielectric medium reactor cross section figure;
Fig. 2 is catalyst structure of container (1);
Fig. 3 is the A-A profile of catalyst structure of container (1);
Fig. 4 is catalyst structure of container (a 2) stereogram;
Fig. 5 is the M face view of catalyst structure of container (2);
Fig. 6 is the B-B profile of catalyst structure of container (2);
Fig. 7 is that the catalyst structure of container is the processing unit schematic diagram of rectangle;
Fig. 8 is that the catalyst structure of container is columniform processing unit schematic diagram;
Fig. 9 is the discharge electrode structure schematic diagram;
Figure 10 is a discharge electrode structure C-C enlarged drawing;
Figure 11 is that the catalyst reactor contains drainage plate structure (1) outside drawing;
Figure 12 is catalyst reactor drainage plate structure (a 1) internal structure schematic diagram;
Figure 13 is catalyst reactor drainage plate structure (a 1) D-D profile;
Figure 14 is catalyst reactor drainage plate structure (a 2) schematic diagram;
Figure 15 is catalyst reactor drainage plate structure (a 2) E-E profile;
Figure 16 is catalyst reactor drainage plate structure (a 3) schematic diagram;
Figure 17 is a catalyst reactor drainage plate structural fluid path schematic diagram;
Figure 18 is a modularity high tension dielectric matter processing unit;
Picture in picture number: (1) insulating joint; (2) insulation crust; (3) positive electrode plate; (4) catalyst container; (5) sealing block; (6) sealing ring; (7) fluid intake; (8) fluid issuing; (9) binding post; (31) negative electrode plate; (40) dielectric medium catalyst container frame; (41) drainage plate; (42); Catalyst coating; (43); Catalyst net (44) fluid path; (45) emission needle; (46) circuit; (47) upper mounted plate; (48) bottom plate; (50); (100) processing unit 1; (200) processing unit 2; (300) processing unit 3; (441) battery lead plate material; (442) insulating materials.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
The electrode unit that embodiment of the invention dielectric discharge reactor of uniform electric field is made up of the positive and negative electrode plate, dielectric medium catalyst structure of container, the shell that is installed in the going out of dielectric medium catalyst structure of container upper and lower side, inlet tube and holds said structure are formed.
Present embodiment dielectric medium catalyst structure of container such as Fig. 2, Figure 3 shows that a cross section is the stainless steel rectangular structure of rectangle, its appearance and size is that the inner coated of 300mm * 300mm * 1000mm has platinum, nickel metal solvent coating, dielectric medium catalyst structure of container top and the bottom circular hole and pipeline welding, last pipe is an outlet pipe, and following pipe is a water inlet pipe; The parallel both sides that are placed on dielectric medium catalyst structure of container, positive and negative electrode unit, the planar dimension of positive-negative electrode plate is 300mm * 1000mm, evenly distributes on the framework face and is fixing spray point, discharge Needles is 50mm to the distance between the dielectric medium catalyst structure of container.The supply voltage that present embodiment is supplied with is 50,000 volts, can be used for purifying waste water.
Embodiment 2
The electrode unit that embodiment of the invention dielectric discharge reactor of uniform electric field is made up of the positive and negative electrode plate, dielectric medium catalyst structure of container, the shell that is installed in the going out of dielectric medium catalyst structure of container upper and lower side, inlet tube and holds said structure are formed.
Present embodiment dielectric medium catalyst structure of container is illustrated in figure 8 as a cross section and is circular stainless steel rounding tubular structure, its inner cavity size is Φ 200mm * 1000mm, cylinder-like structure dielectric medium catalyst container is fixed on the bottom plate (47,48), cylinder-like structure dielectric medium catalyst container inner wall coated has platinum, nickel metal solvent coating, the last bottom plate of dielectric medium catalyst structure of container (47,48) center hole and pipeline welding, last pipe is an outlet pipe, and following pipe is a water inlet pipe; The parallel both sides that are placed on dielectric medium catalyst structure of container, positive and negative electrode unit, positive-negative electrode plate is an arc column face structure concentric with cylinder-like structure dielectric medium catalyst container, circular diameter is Φ 250mm in its battery lead plate arc column face, high 1000mm, cambered surface string width is 180mm, fixing spray point perpendicular to even distribution of arc column face on circular-arc battery lead plate inner cylinder face, discharge Needles is 30mm to the distance between the cylindrical dielectric matter catalyst structure of container outer wall.The supply voltage that present embodiment is supplied with is 20,000 volts, can produce highfield at dielectric medium catalyst container, can be used for the sterilization of running water or is used for the sterilization processing of milk, beverage etc.
Embodiment 3
The electrode unit that embodiment of the invention dielectric discharge reactor of uniform electric field is made up of the positive and negative electrode plate, dielectric medium catalyst structure of container, catalyst reactor drainage plate structure, the shell that is installed in the going out of dielectric medium catalyst structure of container upper and lower side, inlet tube and holds said structure are formed.
Present embodiment dielectric medium catalyst structure of container such as Fig. 4, Fig. 5, shown in Figure 6, be that a cross section is the rectangular aluminum rectangular structure, its each side is a mesh grille, its appearance and size is that the inner coated of 200mm * 300mm * 800mm has platinum, nickel metal solvent coating, dielectric medium catalyst structure of container top and the bottom circular hole and pipeline welding, last pipe is an escape pipe, and following pipe is an air inlet pipe; Catalyst reactor drainage plate structure is deflector type drainage plate structure as shown in figure 16, and it is installed in the dielectric medium catalyst container, and its appearance and size is slightly less than dielectric medium catalyst container intracavity size; The parallel both sides that are placed on dielectric medium catalyst structure of container, positive and negative electrode unit, the planar dimension of positive-negative electrode plate is 300mm * 800mm, evenly distributes on the framework face and is fixing spray point, discharge Needles is 35mm to the distance between the dielectric medium catalyst structure of container.The supply voltage that present embodiment is supplied with is 30,000 volts, can be used for purifying air.
Embodiment 4
The electrode unit that embodiment of the invention dielectric discharge reactor of uniform electric field is made up of the positive and negative electrode plate, dielectric medium catalyst structure of container, catalyst reactor drainage plate structure, the shell that is installed in the going out of dielectric medium catalyst structure of container upper and lower side, inlet tube and holds said structure are formed.
Present embodiment dielectric medium catalyst structure of container such as Fig. 2, Figure 3 shows that a cross section is the stainless steel rectangular structure of rectangle, its appearance and size is that the inner coated of 500mm * 500mm * 2000mm has platinum, nickel metal solvent coating; Be provided with in the dielectric medium catalyst structure of container as Figure 11, Figure 12, diamond type catalyst reactor drainage plate structure shown in Figure 13; The appearance and size of catalyst reactor drainage plate structure is 400mm * 400mm * 2000mm; Dielectric medium catalyst structure of container top and the bottom circular hole and pipeline welding, last pipe is an outlet pipe, following pipe is a water inlet pipe; The parallel both sides that are placed on dielectric medium catalyst structure of container, positive and negative electrode unit, the planar dimension of positive-negative electrode plate is 300mm * 2000mm, evenly distributes on the framework face and is fixing spray point, discharge Needles is 50mm to the distance between the dielectric medium catalyst structure of container.The supply voltage that present embodiment is supplied with is 50,000 volts, can be used for purifying waste water.
Embodiment 5
The electrode unit that embodiment of the invention dielectric discharge reactor of uniform electric field is made up of the positive and negative electrode plate, dielectric medium catalyst structure of container, catalyst reactor drainage plate structure, the shell that is installed in the going out of dielectric medium catalyst structure of container upper and lower side, inlet tube and holds said structure are formed.
Present embodiment dielectric medium catalyst structure of container such as Fig. 2, Figure 3 shows that a cross section is the stainless steel rectangular structure of rectangle, its appearance and size is that the inner coated of 300mm * 300mm * 1000mm has platinum, nickel metal solvent coating; Be provided with in the dielectric medium catalyst structure of container as Figure 14, waveform catalyst reactor drainage plate structure shown in Figure 15; The appearance and size of catalyst reactor drainage plate structure is 250mm * 250mm * 1000mm; Dielectric medium catalyst structure of container top and the bottom circular hole and pipeline welding, last pipe is an outlet pipe, following pipe is a water pipe; The parallel both sides that are placed on dielectric medium catalyst structure of container, positive and negative electrode unit, the planar dimension of positive-negative electrode plate is 250mm * 1000mm, evenly distributes on the framework face and is fixing spray point, discharge Needles is 50mm to the distance between the dielectric medium catalyst structure of container.Three dielectric discharge reactor of uniform electric field that present embodiment is identical are together in series as shown in figure 18, form a modularity high tension dielectric matter cell processing system.The supply voltage that present embodiment is supplied with is 50,000 volts, can be used for purifying waste water.

Claims (8)

1. a dielectric discharge reactor of uniform electric field is characterized in that, described dielectric discharge reactor comprises: the electrode unit of being made up of the positive and negative electrode plate;
Place the dielectric medium catalyst structure of container between the parallel positive-negative electrode plate;
Be installed in the catalyst reactor drainage plate structure of dielectric medium catalyst structure of container inside;
The shell and the import and export pipe that hold said structure.
2. a kind of dielectric discharge reactor of uniform electric field according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described electrode unit is the plane frame structure that an insulating materials is made, and evenly distributes on the framework face and is fixing spray point, and each spray point is connected in parallel on the circuit; The electric polarity difference of two electrode plate, the parallel both sides that are placed on dielectric medium catalyst structure of container, discharge Needles point is 5mm-60mm to the distance between the dielectric medium catalyst structure of container.
3. a kind of dielectric discharge reactor of uniform electric field according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described dielectric medium catalyst structure of container is hollow entity, can be rectangle, Round shape, Regulations does not then wait the entity of shape, its planar dimension size is consistent with electrode unit, inboard adhesion metal of dielectric medium catalyst structure of container or metal oxide are as metal solvent.
4. a kind of dielectric discharge reactor of uniform electric field according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the material of described drainage plate structure is identical with dielectric medium catalyst structure of container, the drainage plate framework is made by conductive base, two-sided metal oxide cortex or the metal cortex catalyst coating of all being attached with of drainage plate; Drainage plate in the drainage plate framework can be combined into rhombus, waveform or baffling type structure.
5. a kind of dielectric discharge reactor of uniform electric field according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described reactor can get up to form modularity high tension dielectric matter processing unit by a plurality of as required polyphones, carries out multistep treatment, and the outlet of previous stage connects the import of next stage.
6. a kind of dielectric discharge reactor of uniform electric field according to claim 2 is characterized in that, described electrode unit frame size is 100mm~5000m * 100mm~5000mm.
7. a kind of dielectric discharge reactor of uniform electric field according to claim 3 is characterized in that, inboard adhesion metal of described dielectric medium catalyst structure of container or metal oxide mainly are gold, silver, platinum, nickel, manganese, chromium etc. and oxide thereof.
8. a kind of dielectric discharge reactor of uniform electric field according to claim 1 is characterized in that described dielectric discharge reactor can be used for the purification of air, the sterilization of liquid and the purification of sewage.
CN201010217588.8A 2010-07-05 2010-07-05 Dielectric discharge reactor of uniform electric field Expired - Fee Related CN101912761B (en)

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JP2011144752A JP6004613B2 (en) 2010-07-05 2011-06-29 Uniform electric field dielectric discharge reactor
KR1020110066015A KR101535904B1 (en) 2010-07-05 2011-07-04 Uniform electrical field dielectric barrier discharge reactor

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US8460613B2 (en) 2013-06-11
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