CN101906254A - Method for extracting capsaicin ointment from dimethyl ether - Google Patents

Method for extracting capsaicin ointment from dimethyl ether Download PDF

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CN101906254A
CN101906254A CN 201010237260 CN201010237260A CN101906254A CN 101906254 A CN101906254 A CN 101906254A CN 201010237260 CN201010237260 CN 201010237260 CN 201010237260 A CN201010237260 A CN 201010237260A CN 101906254 A CN101906254 A CN 101906254A
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extraction
ointment
solvent
pepper
concentrate
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CN 201010237260
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Chinese (zh)
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刘民剑
李玉祥
栾小恒
武洪飞
田跃信
祁鲲
端木凡林
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安阳市晶华油脂工程有限公司
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Abstract

The invention relates to an extraction method of natural pigments, in particular to an extraction method of a capsaicin ointment. The extraction method comprises the following steps of: putting particles made by mildew-free dried chili powder into an extraction container; carrying out extraction on raw particle materials by taking dimethyl ether as a solvent, carrying out solid-liquid separation after extraction, and carrying out repeated extraction 2 to 8 times on separated solid phase; and carrying out filtration or settlement on liquid phase, removing tiny impurities in the liquid phase, decompressing and separating into gas phase and concentrate, controlling the temperature of the concentrate to 20 to 50 DEG C, removing water and volatile matters under the condition that the gauge pressure is less than -0.085Mpa, and preparing the capsaicin ointment. The capsaicin ointment extracted by using the method is not limited by species of raw materials and capable of fully utilizing raw material resources, has high extraction ratio, low slag residual, light color of chili meal, low production cost and remarkable market competition advantage, and is not only suitable for chili with low piquancy degree, but also suitable for chili with high piquancy degree.

Description

二甲醚提取辣椒红色素油膏的方法 Dimethyl ether extracts red pigment ointment

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种天然色素的提取方法,具体来说涉及辣椒红色素油膏的提取方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to a method for extracting natural pigment, particularly relates to a method of extracting the red pigment ointment.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 红辣椒是一种常见的农产品,其中含有辣椒碱(辣味素)、天然红色素等。 [0002] The red pepper is a common agricultural products, containing capsaicin (spicy pigment), natural red pigment and the like. 低度辣味素作为调味品,高度辣味素具有镇痛、消炎、杀菌作用;辣椒红色素是天然的红色素,可用于医药或高级化妆品行业,无任何毒副作用。 Low spicy vegetarian as a condiment, highly spicy vegetarian has analgesic, anti-inflammatory, bactericidal effect; Paprika Oleoresin is a natural red pigment, can be used in medicine or senior cosmetics industry, without any side effects. 目前,从红辣椒中提取辣椒红色素油膏的方法主要有:正己烷提取法(CN1082570A);乙醇溶剂提取法(CN1053803A)等,由于选用辣椒原料或使用溶剂的不同,提取的混合物成分和数量也不相同,所得到的辣椒粕要么含水量大、 要么辣椒粕变黑、要么辣红色素提取不完全,收率较低,成本较高。 Currently, the method for extracting red pigment from red pepper ointment are: n-hexane extraction method (CN1082570A); ethanol solvent extraction method (CN1053803A), etc., since the choice of starting material or pepper of different solvents, a mixture of the extracted components and also the number of are not the same, the resulting meal pepper or large water content, meal or black pepper, spicy red pigment or incomplete extraction, the lower yield, higher cost.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本发明的目的在于提供一种辣椒红色素油膏的提取方法,用二甲醚作为溶剂萃取辣椒,提高辣椒红色素油膏收率,使辣椒粕渣残大大降低,降低成本。 [0003] The object of the present invention is to provide a method for extracting red pigment ointment, solvent extraction with diethyl ether as pepper, capsanthin ointment improve the yield, so residual slag pepper meal greatly reduced cost.

[0004] 二甲醚提取辣椒红色素油膏的方法,包括以下步骤: Method [0004] DME red pigment extracted ointment, comprising the steps of:

[0005] (1)制备辣椒颗粒料:将无霉变的干红辣椒粉碎成20〜60目的粉末后造成φ2〜5mm的颗粒料,投入到提取容器中; [0005] (1) Preparation of Pellets pepper: After the mold free of red pepper powder pulverized into 20~60 object caused φ2~5mm particulate material, into the extraction vessel;

[0006] (2)提取:以二甲醚为溶剂对颗粒料进行提取,颗粒料与溶剂的重量比为1 : 0.8〜6,提取温度为10〜45°C,提取时间为10〜60min;提取结束后进行固液分离, 对分离的固相按上述提取工艺条件重复提取2〜8次,经提取后的固相即为辣椒粕; [0006] (2) Extraction: dimethyl ether as the extraction solvent to particulate material, the particulate material to solvent weight ratio of 1: 0.8~6, extraction temperature is 10~45 ° C, the extraction time is 10~60min; after the end of the extraction liquid separation, the separated solid phase extraction conditions according to the above extraction was repeated 2~8 times, that is, the solid phase after the extraction meal pepper;

[0007] (3)回收溶剂:对(2)分离的液相进行过滤或沉降,去除其中的细小杂质,减压分离为气相和浓缩物,将气相压缩液化回收溶剂; [0007] (3) recovery of the solvent: (2) will be separated from the liquid by filtration or sedimentation, wherein the fine impurities removed under reduced pressure and the concentrate separated into a gas phase, the solvent is recovered liquefied compressed gas;

[0008] (4)分离产品:将(3)分离的浓缩物控制温度在20〜50°C,表压小于_0. 085Mpa 的条件下,脱除水分及挥发物,得到辣椒红色素油膏。 [0008] (4) separating the product of: (3) separate temperature control in the concentrate 20~50 ° C, under a gauge pressure of less than 085Mpa _0, the removal of moisture and volatile matter, to obtain red pigment ointment.

[0009] 使用本发明的方法提取辣椒红色素油膏,不受原料品种限制,能充分利用原料资源,提取率高,渣残低,辣椒粕的色泽浅,不仅适合低辣味度的辣椒,更适合高辣味度的辣椒,生产成本低,市场竞争优势明显。 [0009] The extraction method of the present invention is an ointment capsanthin, varieties of raw materials is not limited, and can make full use of raw material resources, extraction rate, low residual slag, light color meal pepper, chili not only for a low degree of hotness, and more suitable for a high degree of spicy chili, low cost of production, distinct competitive advantage.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0010] 下面具体说明实现本发明的工艺流程和实现方式: [0010] The following detailed description and the implementation of the process to achieve the present invention:

[0011](一)、工艺流程 [0011] (a), the process

[0012] 步骤1、制备辣椒颗粒料:用机器将无霉变的干红辣椒粉碎成20〜60目的粉末后造成φ2〜5 mm的颗粒; [0012] Step 1. Preparation of pepper pellets: After the machine with no red pepper mildew 20~60 mesh powder was pulverized into particles caused φ2~5 mm;

[0013] 步骤2、提取:将根据步骤1制备的辣椒颗粒料,经称量投入到萃取容器中,以二甲醚为溶剂,对辣椒颗粒料进行萃取,其中,颗粒料与溶剂的重量比为1 : 0.8〜6,提取温度为10〜45°C,提取时间为10〜60min ;提取结束后进行固液分离,对分离的固相按上述工艺条件重复提取2〜8次,经提取后的固相即为辣椒粕; [0013] Step 2. Extraction: pepper according pellets prepared in Step 1, was weighed into an extraction vessel with diethyl ether as solvents, the pellet was extracted chili, wherein the weight ratio of the particulate material and a solvent is 1: 0.8~6, extraction temperature is 10~45 ° C, the extraction time is 10~60min; solid-liquid separation after completion of the extraction, the separated solid phase extraction was repeated according to the above process conditions 2~8 times extracted after pepper meal is the solid phase;

[0014] 步骤3、回收溶剂:对从步骤2分离的液相进行过滤或沉降,去除其中的细小杂质, 减压分离为气相和浓缩物,将气相压缩液化回收溶剂; [0014] Step 3, recycling solvent: performs filtration or sedimentation from the liquid phase separation of Step 2, wherein the fine impurities removed under reduced pressure and the concentrate separated into a gas phase, the solvent is recovered liquefied compressed gas;

[0015] 步骤4、分离产品:对从步骤3分离的浓缩物,控制温度在20〜50°C,将浓缩物在表压小于-0. 085Mpa的条件下脱除水分及挥发物,就得到了辣椒红色素油膏。 [0015] Step 4, the product separation: separated from the step 3 to the concentrate, to control the temperature at 20~50 ° C, a gauge pressure in the concentrate is less than -0 remove moisture and volatile matter under conditions of 085Mpa, is obtained. capsanthin the ointment.

[0016] 所述操作过程均是在完全封闭的工艺条件下完成的。 [0016] The operation of the process are performed under conditions completely closed.

[0017] (二)、实现方式 [0017] (II), implementation

[0018] 下面用具体实施方式进一步说明本发明的方法: [0018] The following further illustrate the process of the present invention DETAILED DESCRIPTION:

[0019] 实施例1 :取根据上述工艺流程中步骤1制备的辣椒颗粒料100kg,置于萃取容器中,加入80kg 二甲醚,提取温度为45°C,提取时间为60min ;提取结束后进行固液分离,对分离的固相按上述工艺条件重复提取2〜8次,经多次提取后的固相即为辣椒粕;对液相进行过滤或沉降,去除其中的细小杂质,减压分离为气相和浓缩物,将气相压缩液化回收溶剂; 将浓缩物控制温度在20〜50°C,表压小于-0. 085Mpa的条件下脱除水分及挥发物,就得到了辣椒红色素油膏。 [0019] Example 1: Pellets pepper according to take the above-described process flows 100kg prepared in Step 1, was placed in the extraction vessel, 80kg dimethyl ether was added, extraction temperature of 45 ° C, the extraction time is 60min; after completion of the extraction solid-liquid separation, the separated solid phase extraction was repeated according to the above process conditions 2~8 times, namely a solid phase by repeatedly after meal pepper extract; filtration or sedimentation of the liquid phase, wherein the fine impurities removed under reduced pressure separated a gas phase and a concentrate, the solvent was recovered liquefied compressed gas; concentrate was controlled at a temperature of 20~50 ° C, a gauge pressure of less than -0 removal of moisture and volatile matter under conditions of 085Mpa, to obtain a red pigment ointment.

[0020] 实施例2 :取根据上述工艺流程中步骤1制备的辣椒颗粒料100kg,置于萃取容器中,加入600kg 二甲醚,提取温度为10°C,提取时间为IOmin ;提取结束后进行固液分离,对分离的固相按上述工艺条件重复提取2次,经提取后的固相即为辣椒粕;对液相进行过滤或沉降,去除其中的细小杂质,减压分离为气相和浓缩物,将气相压缩液化回收溶剂;将浓缩物控制温度在20〜50°C,表压小于-0. 085MPa的条件下脱除水分及挥发物,就得到了辣椒红色素油膏。 [0020] Example 2: To the above according to the process 100kg pepper pellets prepared in Step 1, was placed in the extraction vessel, 600kg dimethyl ether was added, extraction temperature of 10 ° C, the extraction time is IOmin; after completion of the extraction solid-liquid separation, the separated solid phase by repeating the above-described conditions was extracted twice, after solid phase extraction is the pepper meal; filtration or sedimentation of liquid phase, wherein the removal of fine impurities, and concentrated under reduced pressure and separated into a vapor phase was, the solvent was recovered liquefied compressed gas; concentrate at controlled temperature 20~50 ° C, under a gauge pressure of less than 085MPa -0 removal moisture and volatile matter, to give a red pigment ointment.

[0021] 实施例3 :取根据上述工艺流程中步骤1制备的辣椒颗粒原料100kg,置于萃取容器中,加入300kg 二甲醚,提取温度为30°C,提取时间为30min ;提取结束后进行固液分离, 对分离的固相按上述工艺条件重复提取4次,经提取后的固相即为辣椒粕;对液相进行过滤或沉降,去除其中的细小杂质,减压分离为气相和浓缩物,将气相压缩液化回收溶剂;将浓缩物控制温度在20〜50°C,表压小于-0. 085MPa的条件下脱除水分及挥发物,就得到了辣椒红色素油膏。 [0021] Example 3: To 100kg particulate material according to the above-described process pepper Step 1 prepared, placed in extraction vessel, 300kg dimethyl ether was added, extraction temperature of 30 ° C, the extraction time was for 30 min; after the end of extraction solid-liquid separation, the separated solid phase according to the above conditions was repeated extracted four times, after the solid phase extraction is the pepper meal; filtration or sedimentation of liquid phase, wherein the removal of fine impurities, and concentrated under reduced pressure and separated into a vapor phase was, the solvent was recovered liquefied compressed gas; concentrate at controlled temperature 20~50 ° C, under a gauge pressure of less than 085MPa -0 removal moisture and volatile matter, to give a red pigment ointment.

[0022] 实施例4 :取根据上述工艺流程中步骤1制备的辣椒颗粒原料100kg,置于萃取容器中,加入IOOkg 二甲醚,提取温度为350C,提取时间为40min ;提取结束后进行固液分离, 对分离的固相按上述工艺条件重复提取5次,经提取后的固相即为辣椒粕;对液相进行过滤或沉降,去除其中的细小杂质,减压分离为气相和浓缩物,将气相压缩液化回收溶剂;将浓缩物控制温度在20〜50°C,表压小于-0. 085MPa的条件下脱除水分及挥发物,就得到了辣椒红色素油膏。 [0022] Example 4: According to take the above-described process 100kg pepper particulate material prepared in Step 1, was placed in the extraction vessel, IOOkg dimethyl ether was added, extraction temperature was 350C, the extraction time is 40min; after solid-liquid extraction separation of the solid phase separated by the above conditions was repeated extracted five times, namely solid-phase extracted after meal pepper; filtration or sedimentation of liquid phase, wherein the fine impurities removed under reduced pressure and the concentrate separated into a vapor phase, the solvent was recovered liquefied compressed gas; concentrate was controlled at a temperature of 20~50 ° C, a gauge pressure of less than -0 removal of moisture and volatile matter under conditions of 085MPa, to obtain a red pigment ointment.

[0023] 实施例5 :取根据上述工艺流程中步骤1制备的辣椒颗粒原料100kg,置于萃取容器中,加入200kg 二甲醚,提取温度为450C,提取时间为50min ;提取结束后进行固液分离, 对分离的固相按上述工艺条件重复提取5次,经提取后的固相即为辣椒粕;对液相进行过滤或沉降,去除其中的细小杂质,减压分离为气相和浓缩物,将气相压缩液化回收溶剂;将浓缩物控制温度在20〜50°C,表压小于-0. 085MPa的条件下脱除水分及挥发物,就得到了辣椒红色素油膏。 [0023] Example 5: The pepper taken particulate material in the process described above 100kg prepared in Step 1, was placed in the extraction vessel, 200kg dimethyl ether was added, extraction temperature was 450C, the extraction time is 50min; after solid-liquid extraction separation of the solid phase separated by the above conditions was repeated extracted five times, namely solid-phase extracted after meal pepper; filtration or sedimentation of liquid phase, wherein the fine impurities removed under reduced pressure and the concentrate separated into a vapor phase, the solvent was recovered liquefied compressed gas; concentrate was controlled at a temperature of 20~50 ° C, a gauge pressure of less than -0 removal of moisture and volatile matter under conditions of 085MPa, to obtain a red pigment ointment.

Claims (3)

  1. 二甲醚提取辣椒红色素油膏的方法,其特征在于:(1)制备辣椒颗粒料:将无霉变的干红辣椒粉碎成20~60目的粉末后造成的颗粒料,投入到提取容器中;(2)提取:以二甲醚为溶剂对颗粒料进行提取,颗粒料与溶剂的重量比为1∶0.8~6,提取温度为10~45℃,提取时间为10~60min;提取结束后进行固液分离,对分离的固相按上述提取工艺条件重复提取2~8次,经提取后的固相即为辣椒粕;(3)回收溶剂:对(2)分离的液相进行过滤或沉降,去除其中的细小杂质,减压分离为气相和浓缩物,将气相压缩液化回收溶剂;(4)分离产品:将(3)分离的浓缩物控制温度在20~50℃,表压小于‑0.085Mpa的条件下,脱除水分及挥发物,得到辣椒红色素油膏。 Dimethyl ether extracts ointment red pigment, characterized in that: (1) Preparation of Pellets pepper: The mold free of red pepper pulverized into pellets after 20 to 60 mesh powder caused into the extraction vessel; (2) extraction: dimethyl ether of particulate material to be extracted as a solvent, the weight ratio of particulate material to solvent is 0.8 to 6, the extraction temperature is 10 ~ 45 ℃, the extraction time was 10 ~ 60min; after completion of the extraction solid-liquid separation, the separated solid phase extraction conditions according to the above extraction was repeated 2 to 8 times, after the solid phase extraction is the pepper meal; (3) recovery of the solvent: (2) will be separated from the liquid by filtration or sedimentation , wherein the removal of fine impurities, separating a gas phase and a concentrate, the recovery of the solvent under reduced pressure liquefied compressed gas; (4) separating the product of: (3) controlling the temperature of the concentrate isolated in 20 ~ 50 ℃, a gauge pressure of less than -0.085 Mpa conditions, the removal of moisture and volatile matter, capsanthin give ointment. FSA00000205956000011.tif FSA00000205956000011.tif
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的二甲醚提取辣椒红色素油膏的方法,其特征在于:所述辣椒颗粒料与溶剂的重量比为1 : 0.8〜3,提取温度为20〜45°C,提取时间为20〜50min,重复提取次数为3〜5次。 2. The method of claim 1 DME extraction capsanthin ointment as claimed in claim wherein: the weight of the particulate material and pepper solvent ratio of 1: 0.8~3, extraction temperature is 20~45 ° C, extraction time 20~50min, repeated extraction times 3 to 5 times.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的二甲醚提取辣椒红色素油膏的方法,其特征在于:所述分离产品控制浓缩物的温度为20〜50°C,表压小于-0. 085Mpa的条件下,脱除水分及挥发物。 3. The method of claim 1 DME extraction of red pigment ointment claim, wherein: said separation temperature control product concentrate is 20~50 ° C, under a gauge pressure of less than 085Mpa of -0. , removal of moisture and volatile matter.
CN 201010237260 2010-07-20 2010-07-20 Method for extracting capsaicin ointment from dimethyl ether CN101906254A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102326669A (en) * 2011-08-26 2012-01-25 朱新亮 Process for preparing white fish meal by dehydrating and degreasing at low temperature at one time
CN104479861A (en) * 2014-12-15 2015-04-01 端木凡林 Method for extracting liposoluble substances
CN106752067A (en) * 2016-11-11 2017-05-31 安阳市晶华油脂工程有限公司 Method of extracting capsanthin resin

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1911902A (en) * 2006-08-04 2007-02-14 苏州洪升油脂化工机械有限公司 Extraction technology of capsanthin and capsicine
CN101712812A (en) * 2009-10-15 2010-05-26 云南瑞升烟草技术(集团)有限公司 Method and device for extracting fat-soluble natural pigment

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1911902A (en) * 2006-08-04 2007-02-14 苏州洪升油脂化工机械有限公司 Extraction technology of capsanthin and capsicine
CN101712812A (en) * 2009-10-15 2010-05-26 云南瑞升烟草技术(集团)有限公司 Method and device for extracting fat-soluble natural pigment

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102326669A (en) * 2011-08-26 2012-01-25 朱新亮 Process for preparing white fish meal by dehydrating and degreasing at low temperature at one time
CN102326669B (en) 2011-08-26 2013-05-08 朱新亮 Process for preparing white fish meal by dehydrating and degreasing at low temperature at one time
CN104479861A (en) * 2014-12-15 2015-04-01 端木凡林 Method for extracting liposoluble substances
CN106752067A (en) * 2016-11-11 2017-05-31 安阳市晶华油脂工程有限公司 Method of extracting capsanthin resin
CN106752067B (en) * 2016-11-11 2018-11-27 安阳市晶华油脂工程有限公司 A method for extracting red pigment resin

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