CN101843539B - Device and method for vision correction - Google Patents

Device and method for vision correction Download PDF

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CN101843539B
CN101843539B CN2009101063204A CN200910106320A CN101843539B CN 101843539 B CN101843539 B CN 101843539B CN 2009101063204 A CN2009101063204 A CN 2009101063204A CN 200910106320 A CN200910106320 A CN 200910106320A CN 101843539 B CN101843539 B CN 101843539B
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image
display mode
image display
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control unit
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CN101843539A (en
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文齐凤
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文齐凤
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Abstract

The invention is applicable in the field of vision correction, and provides a device and a method for vision correction. The device comprises an image display mode set unit, a storage unit, an image display control unit, an image output unit and a three-dimensional display, wherein the image display mode set unit presets a plurality of image display modes for guiding an eye vision system of users to perform the movement in multiple directions and at far and near distances; the storage unit is used for storing the image display modes; when receiving image display instructions, the image display control unit acquires the image display modes corresponding to the image display instructions from the storage unit; the image output unit outputs images according to the image display modes acquired by the image display control unit under the control of the image display control unit; and the three-dimensional display displays the images outputted by the image output unit virtually under the control of the image display control unit. The device provided by the embodiment of the invention guides the eye vision system of the users to perform multi-direction, far and near alternating and centralized movement through the images displayed by the three-dimensional display, so that the vision of the users is corrected. The device has the advantages of convenient carrying, low cost and wide application range.

Description

A kind of vision correction apparatus and method
Technical field
The invention belongs to the vision correction field, relate in particular to a kind of vision correction apparatus and method.
Background technology
At present, the teenager visual problems like myopia, amblyopia, stravismus etc., appears year by year and rises, becomes younger and the trend of high myopiaization, has become the healthy key factor of harm teenager.
Prior art provides a kind of and has been worn on the eyes to come around eyes is massaged by mechanical vibration; And show the myopia device that guides user to watch through better simply some face; This myopia device is owing to only adopt simple mechanical vibration to massage around eyes; Show through simple some face to guide the user to watch, be difficult to the myopia effect that reaches preferable.
Prior art provides some drug products that are used to treat myopia, but these drug products generally all are only the ciliary muscle of eyes rigid to be had temporary mitigation, are difficult to reach the effect of treatment myopia.
Prior art also provides a kind of three-dimensional visual rehabilitation machine that utilizes the operation principle and the cover comparison science that the moving theory of three through transports develops of eyes; Raising produces effect very much to vision for it; But this three-dimensional visual rehabilitation body shape is big, heavy, be difficult to move; The myope can only arrive the appointed place and participate in training, and because it adopts common CRT monitor and liquid crystal shutter glasses to realize three-dimensional stereo effect, so must in a darkroom, train; Thereby training environment has been proposed higher requirement, and increased the training cost; The myope has participated in three-dimensional visual rehabilitation power traction and has led outside the training in addition, also must participate in stretch training and hide the order training of releiving of vision.Because the space that vision stretching training need is 5 meters, thereby increased environment requirement; Too expensive owing to buying, move many reasons such as inconvenience, the adolescent myopia patient can only before go to train and participate in training fixedly, thereby it is big to promote difficulty.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the embodiment of the invention is to provide a kind of vision correction device, is intended to solve existing vision correction device or weak effect, or volume is big, cost is high, environment is high and the problem that is difficult to promote.
The embodiment of the invention is achieved in that a kind of vision correction device, and said device comprises:
Image display mode is provided with the unit; According to the optical imaging concept of eyes and the moving principle of three through transports is preset multiple is used to guide the eyes of user visual system to carry out image display mode multi-direction, the far and near distance motion; Said image display mode comprises the image display mode that guiding user upper and lower, left and right are watched; The image display mode that guiding user distance is watched, the image display mode that the guiding user watches to the centre, the image display mode that the guiding user comprehensively watches; The image display mode that the guiding user comprehensively watches includes but not limited to be used to guide first image display mode of extraocular muscles expansion; Be used to second image display mode that guides eyes to broaden one's vision; Be used to strengthen the 3rd image display mode of ocular vision function; Be used to guide the 4th image display mode of ocular vision tracking; The 5th image display mode that the far and near straight line that is used to guide eyes to shrink and loosens is followed the trail of, be used to guide eyes to shrink and loosen and the 6th image display mode that three-dimensional spiral that the eyeball rule is rotated is followed the trail of; Be used to guide the eyeball of eyes to carry out the 7th image display mode of 8 trackings that the amplitude peak intersection is rotated; Be used to guide eyes to carry out fast contraction and replace the 8th image display mode that occurs, be used to guide the user to carry out the 9th image display mode of brain image with far point that loosens and near point;
Memory element is used to store said image display mode the image display mode that the unit is provided with is set;
The pictorial display control unit when receiving the pictorial display instruction, obtains and the corresponding image display mode of said pictorial display instruction from said memory element;
The image output unit, under the control of said pictorial display control unit, the image display mode output image that obtains according to the pictorial display control unit;
Three-dimensional display, under the control of said pictorial display control unit, the image of the said image output unit output of virtual demonstration.
Another purpose of the embodiment of the invention is to provide a kind of vision correction method, and said method comprises the steps:
According to the optical imaging concept of eyes and the moving principle of three through transports is preset multiple is used to guide the eyes of user visual system to carry out image display mode multi-direction, the far and near distance motion; And store said image display mode; Said image display mode comprises the image display mode that guiding user upper and lower, left and right are watched; The image display mode that guiding user distance is watched, the image display mode that the guiding user watches to the centre, the image display mode that the guiding user comprehensively watches; The image display mode that the guiding user comprehensively watches includes but not limited to be used to guide first image display mode of extraocular muscles expansion; Be used to second image display mode that guides eyes to broaden one's vision; Be used to strengthen the 3rd image display mode of ocular vision function; Be used to guide the 4th image display mode of ocular vision tracking; The 5th image display mode that the far and near straight line that is used to guide eyes to shrink and loosens is followed the trail of, be used to guide eyes to shrink and loosen and the 6th image display mode that three-dimensional spiral that the eyeball rule is rotated is followed the trail of; Be used to guide the eyeball of eyes to carry out the 7th image display mode of 8 trackings that the amplitude peak intersection is rotated; Be used to guide eyes to carry out fast contraction and replace the 8th image display mode that occurs, be used to guide the user to carry out the 9th image display mode of brain image with far point that loosens and near point;
When receiving the pictorial display instruction, obtain and the corresponding image display mode of said pictorial display instruction;
According to the image display mode output image that obtains;
The control three-dimensional display is according to the image of the virtual demonstration output of the image display mode that obtains.
In embodiments of the present invention; Through image display mode optical imaging concept and the three through transports moving principle of unit according to eyes is set; Preset multiplely be used to guide the user to watch the image display mode of image; After the pictorial display control unit receives pictorial display instruction, obtain and image display mode that the pictorial display instruction is corresponding, and control figure as output unit according to the image display mode output image that obtains; Control three-dimensional display simultaneously according to the virtual display image of the image display mode that obtains; With guiding user's eyes carry out multi-direction, far and near distance etc. stretching, rotation, motion such as move, thereby the vision of correcting the user, and this vision correction device volume is little, cost is low, low to environmental requirement, be convenient to promote.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structured flowchart of the vision correction device that provides of the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the sketch map of the helmet-type three-dimensional display that provides of the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the realization flow figure of the vision correction method that provides of the embodiment of the invention.
The specific embodiment
In order to make the object of the invention, technical scheme and advantage clearer,, the present invention is further elaborated below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein only in order to explanation the present invention, and be not used in qualification the present invention.
In embodiments of the present invention; Through image display mode optical imaging concept and the three through transports moving principle of unit according to eyes is set; Preset multiplely be used to guide the user to watch the image display mode of image, after the pictorial display control unit receives the pictorial display instruction, obtain and image display mode that the pictorial display instruction is corresponding; And control figure as output unit according to the image display mode output image that obtains; Control three-dimensional display simultaneously according to the virtual display image of the image display mode that obtains, with guiding user's ocular vision system carry out multi-direction, far and near distance etc. stretching, rotation, motion such as move, thereby the vision of correcting the user.
Fig. 1 shows the structure of the vision correction device that the embodiment of the invention provides, and for the ease of explanation, only shows the part relevant with the embodiment of the invention.Wherein:
Image display mode is provided with unit 11 according to the optical imaging concept of eyes and the moving principle of three through transports is preset multiple is used to guide the eyes of user visual system to carry out image display mode multi-direction, the far and near distance motion.
Wherein the optical imaging concept of eyes is following: the irradiate light object, and through the diffuse-reflectance principle, the light of object image gets into eyes; Utilize the refraction of cornea dioptric again, brightness gets into eyeball through iridic muscles adjustment aperture, through ciliary muscle convergent-divergent, pulling crystalline lens; Make it thickening or focal length is adjusted in attenuation; Spur the vitreous body adjustment up and down through six eye muscle again, after angle and focal length were correct, light focusing was on foveal region of retina point; See through optic nerve at last information is passed to brain, by brain image adjustment, reinstatement are produced vision more at last.
The moving principle of three through transports of eyes is following: two watch when far away, and two axis oculi is parallel, regulate and loosen and platycoria.See when near two axis oculi to internal rotation, two sight line crosses one another with interior optional position 1 meter of eye and makes it to form Set Status, and two eye pupil holes dwindle simultaneously, and regulating increases.The reflexive associated movement of these three kinds of visual performances is almost carried out simultaneously, so claim that three through transports are moving.
According to the optical imaging concept of above-mentioned eyes and the moving principle of three through transports, through image display mode unit 11 is set multiple image display mode is set, watch images displayed with the guiding user, thereby make the ocular vision system obtain system, science, comprehensive motion.
Wherein preset multiple image display mode comprises the image display mode that guiding user upper and lower, left and right are watched; The image display mode that guiding user distance is watched; The image display mode that the guiding user watches to the centre, the image display mode that the guiding user comprehensively watches.
The image display mode that the guiding user comprehensively watches includes but not limited to be used to guide first image display mode of extraocular muscles expansion; Be used to second image display mode that guides eyes to broaden one's vision; Be used to strengthen the 3rd image display mode of ocular vision function; Be used to guide the 4th image display mode of ocular vision tracking; The 5th image display mode that the far and near straight line that is used to guide eyes to shrink and loosens is followed the trail of, be used to guide eyes to shrink and loosen and the 6th image display mode that three-dimensional spiral that the eyeball rule is rotated is followed the trail of; Be used to guide the eyeball of eyes to carry out the 7th image display mode of 8 trackings that the amplitude peak intersection is rotated; Be used to guide eyes to carry out fast contraction and replace the 8th image display mode that occurs, be used to guide the user to carry out the 9th image display mode of brain image with far point that loosens and near point.Wherein:
In first image display mode, the procedure for displaying of image is following: in the middle of screen, show an image (being called intermediate image), behind the lasting Preset Time; In the both sides of this intermediate image,, show an image (being called left image and right image respectively) respectively about the symmetrical position of this intermediate image; After continuing Preset Time; Left side image is moved to the left with certain speed, and right image moves right at the same rate, up to the both sides that move to screen.After repeating preset inferior above-mentioned moving, the past respectively third side of left image and right image is to moving.
In embodiments of the present invention, in order to increase user's interest, in another embodiment of the present invention; In this first image display mode, the output procedure of image also comprises the steps: screen is divided into a preset horizontal five equilibrium from top to bottom, and image moves to both sides from the centre of first five equilibrium earlier; Then move to both sides from the centre of second five equilibrium; The rest may be inferred, a five equilibrium to the last, and image moves in the middle of two side direction.
In second image display mode, the procedure for displaying of image is following: in the middle of screen, show an image, behind the lasting Preset Time, the place shows an image respectively at the maximum visual angle of screen left and right sides, and it is preset inferior to repeat said process;
Show an image in the middle of the screen, continue Preset Time after, show an image respectively at the upper and lower sides of intermediate vertical line, continue Preset Time, repeat said process preset time;
Show an image in the middle of the screen, continue Preset Time after, show an image in the upper left corner of screen, successively in centre, the upper right corner of screen; Middle, the lower left corner; Middle, the lower right corner shows an image, repeats said process preset time.
In the 3rd image display mode, the procedure for displaying of image is following: the left and right sides at the predeterminable range place shows similar image respectively, and wherein similar image is meant that two width of cloth images respectively have omission or disappearance; Also can be complementary; After continuing Preset Time, the right and left at the predeterminable range place shows the image that another group is similar respectively, after repeating to preset time said process; The right and left at the predeterminable range place shows diverse image respectively; After continuing Preset Time, the right and left at the predeterminable range place shows another respectively and organizes diverse image, repeats preset time said process.
In the 4th image display mode, the procedure for displaying of image is following:
According to clockwise direction, successively in screen optional position all around, far and near Alternation Display image is again according to counterclockwise, successively at screen optional position all around, far and near Alternation Display image earlier; Perhaps earlier according to counterclockwise, successively in screen optional position all around, far and near Alternation Display image is then according to clockwise direction, successively at screen optional position all around, far and near Alternation Display image;
Irregular in the optional position of screen display image, perhaps irregular optional position and irregular optional positions or 1 meter beyond 5 meters at screen is with interior optional position display image;
Show two images of turn-taking at 1 meter with interior optional position, two images change clockwise in the same way, change counterclockwise in the same way and perhaps do not rotate Preset Time in the same way.
In the 5th image display mode, the procedure for displaying of image is following: 1 meter with the virtual display images in optional position beyond interior optional position and 5 meters, and image moves around with interior optional position and the optional positions beyond 5 meters at 1 meter;
At 1 meter with virtual demonstration two width of cloth images in optional position beyond interior optional position and 5 meters; And image moves around with interior optional position and the optional position beyond 5 meters at 1 meter; Increase the images displayed number successively; Up to 1 meter with the preset width of cloth images of the virtual demonstrations in optional position beyond interior optional position and 5 meters, and image moves around with interior optional position and the optional positions beyond 5 meters at 1 meter.
In the 6th image display mode, the procedure for displaying of image is following: in according to the 5th image display mode display image, the control images displayed shape of spinning rotates.
In the 7th image display mode, the procedure for displaying of image is following: export an image at 1 meter with interior optional position, and make said image move preset circle clockwise along the track of horizontal 8 words, move preset circle more counterclockwise; Export an image at 1 meter with interior optional position again, make said image fall 8 words and move preset circle clockwise, move preset circle more counterclockwise along the solid of depth.
In the 8th image display mode, the procedure for displaying of image is following: 1 meter with virtual demonstration one image in interior optional position, continue Preset Time after, virtual demonstration one images in optional position beyond 5 meters continue Preset Time; Repeat above-mentioned steps preset time.
In the 9th image display mode, the procedure for displaying of image is following: output some image similar but inequality, output simultaneously are used to describe the voice data of the image of output.
The Preset Time that wherein relates to can be provided with according to the stretching of each eye muscle of eyes, the needs of degree of relaxation arbitrarily, and each Preset Time can be identical, also can be different.
Memory element 12 memory image display modes are provided with the image display mode that unit 11 is provided with.
Pictorial display control unit 13 receives the pictorial display instruction of input, and obtains and the corresponding image display mode of this pictorial display instruction.
In embodiments of the present invention, which kind of image display mode output image the pictorial display instruction of pictorial display control unit 13 receptions is used for indication according to.When needs guiding user carried out the extraocular muscles expansion, then user's input was used to indicate the pictorial display instruction according to the first image display mode output image, and the principle of other image display modes is identical, repeats no more at this.In another embodiment of the present invention; For the eyes that make the user are comprehensively moved; To reach best rectification effect, when the input picture idsplay order, can be provided for indicating the sequencing between the pictorial display instruction of pictures different display mode in advance; After according to a kind of image display mode output image, automatically according to next image display mode output image.
Image output unit 14 comprises the three-dimensional video card and the three-dimensional player that drive of quickening, its under the control of pictorial display control unit, the image display mode output image that obtains according to pictorial display control unit 13.
Three-dimensional display 15 under the control of pictorial display control unit 13, the image of virtual display image output unit 14 outputs.This three-dimensional display 15 can be the helmet-type three-dimensional display, and perhaps refresh rate reaches or the liquid crystal display above 120 hertz and the portable combination of liquid crystal light valve shutter stereo glasses.The range of a signal of this three-dimensional display 15 is in 80 centimetres, and visible sensation distance is 10 centimetres-50 meters.The display view angle of this three-dimensional display 15 be 120 the degree more than, display resolution be 640*480 or more than.Wherein the sketch map of helmet-type three-dimensional display is as shown in Figure 2.
In embodiments of the present invention, when pictorial display control unit 13 definite image display modes were first image display mode, then three-dimensional display 15 was under the control of pictorial display control unit 13; In the middle of its screen, show an image (being called intermediate image) earlier; After continuing Preset Time (like 1s), in the both sides of this intermediate image, about the symmetrical position of this intermediate image; Show an image (being called left image and right image respectively) respectively; Continue Preset Time (like 1s), thereby guiding user left eye is watched the left image of output, the right image that eye viewing shows.Then three-dimensional display 15 is under the control of pictorial display control unit 13, and left image is moved to the left with certain speed, and right image moves right at the same rate; Up to the both sides of moving screen; Thereby guiding user left eye sight line follows left image to left movement, and the right eye sight line then follows right image to move right, balance that can only same direction when having broken usual eyes and watching; The moving direction that is the eyes eyeball is opposite; A left side image and right image after move on both sides, finally move to the both sides of screen through preset times (as 3 times) respectively, maximum dynamics with two an eye line separately; A left side image and right image respectively from the both sides of screen toward the third side to moving, thereby broaden one's vision.
In another embodiment of the present invention; Three-dimensional display 15 is divided into a preset horizontal five equilibrium with screen from top to bottom under the control of pictorial display control unit 13, image moves to both sides from the centre of first five equilibrium earlier; Then move to both sides from the centre of second five equilibrium; The rest may be inferred, and to the last a five equilibrium moves in the middle of two side direction at image.Thereby the eyeball of guiding eyes is upwards watched, and watches downwards, and last three-dimensional display 15 carries out far and near virtual demonstration, thereby makes six eye muscle of eyes all obtain motion under the control of pictorial display control unit 13.
During according to the above-mentioned first image display mode display image, can guide the eye muscle of eyes to do adverse movement, to dissolve the ossifing of eyes, spasm.Because two of guiding are firmly seen toward opposite direction, therefore can improve the rigid situation of ciliary muscle.And along with image outwards moves, thus regulating power can be strengthened, and see fartherly.Via the compelled motion of extraocular muscles and ciliary muscle, change the eyeball sphere structure, reach the adjustment axis oculi, improve the target with prevention myopia, not only active eyes cells make eye muscle flexible, have more driven the QI and blood circulation and the metabolism of eye, make eyes more healthy; Improve eyestrain, the adjustment axis oculi slowly restores to the original state long part.
When pictorial display control unit 13 definite image display modes are second image display mode; Then three-dimensional display 15 is under the control of pictorial display control unit 13; In the middle of screen, show an image; After continuing Preset Time (like 3s), the place shows an image respectively at the maximum visual angle of left and right sides, continues Preset Time (like 3s); Thereby guiding user's left eye turns left through eyeball as far as possible and sees the left side images displayed clearly with surplus light, and right eye turns right through eyeball as far as possible and sees the right side images displayed clearly with surplus light.After repeating said process preset times (as 5 times), three-dimensional display 15 shows an image in the middle of screen under the control of pictorial display control unit 13; After continuing Preset Time (like 1s); Upper and lower sides at the intermediate vertical line shows an image respectively, continues Preset Time (like 1s), after the repetition said process preset times (as 5 times); Then also in the middle of screen, show an image; After continuing Preset Time (like 1s), show an image, then successively in centre, the upper right corner of screen in the upper left corner of screen; Middle, the lower left corner; Middle, the lower right corner shows an image,, it is inferior to repeat said process preset (as 3 times).Thereby guiding user's right and left eyes backward rotation, and the guiding user sees images displayed clearly through the rotation of eyeball as far as possible.
During according to the above-mentioned second image display mode display image, can guide user's right and left eyes backward rotation, and the guiding user sees images displayed clearly through the rotation of eyeball as far as possible; Thereby can improve degrees of coordination and the motor capacity of ciliary muscle between 6 eye muscle of eyes, broaden one's vision super-sens; Help blood circulation; But sufficient movement is dissolved ciliary muscle and is ossify to eyeball, impels ciliary muscle and crystalline lens to recover normal regulating function and focusing ability.
When pictorial display control unit 13 definite image display modes were the 3rd image display mode, then three-dimensional display 15 showed similar image respectively 1 meter left and right sides with interior optional position under the control of pictorial display control unit 13; Show the image of an automobile like the left side, this automobile has front-wheel, but does not have trailing wheel; The right side shows same automobile, and this automobile has trailing wheel, but does not have front-wheel; Thereby guiding user left eye is watched the left side images displayed; Eye viewing right side images displayed, and guiding user two width of cloth images that as far as possible will show synthesize the vision imaging of a stereo-picture, to reach the effect that the stimulation brain melts picture.Behind the above-mentioned figure image persistence Preset Time (like 5s); Three-dimensional display 15 is under the control of pictorial display control unit 13; Show the image that another group is similar respectively at 1 meter the right and left, after repeating to preset time (as 6 times) said process, show diverse image respectively at 1 meter the right and left with interior optional position with interior optional position; After continuing Preset Time (like 5s); The right and left at the predeterminable range place shows another respectively and organizes diverse image, repeat preset time (as 6 times) said process, thereby the guiding user synthesizes piece image with left and right sides images displayed.
During according to above-mentioned the 3rd image display mode display image, can guide the user the retina of both eyes central fovea watch power attentively, improve vision to stimulate visual system.
When pictorial display control unit 13 definite image display modes are the 4th image display mode; Then three-dimensional display 15 is under the control of pictorial display control unit 13, earlier according to clockwise direction, successively in screen optional position all around; Far and near Alternation Display image; Then according to counterclockwise, successively at screen optional position all around, far and near Alternation Display image; Perhaps earlier according to counterclockwise, successively in screen optional position all around, far and near Alternation Display image is followed according to clockwise direction, successively in screen optional position all around, and far and near Alternation Display image, thus the guiding eyeball is done the rotation near the eyes of amplitude peak.Then; Three-dimensional display 15 is under the control of pictorial display control unit 13; Irregular in the optional position of screen display image; Perhaps irregular at screen the optional position and irregular in the optional positions beyond 5 meters (optional positions beyond as 10 meters 5 meters) or 1 meter with interior optional position (like 15 centimeters) display image, thereby guiding eyeball quick rotation, eye muscle constantly adjustment adapts to and sees object clearly.At last, three-dimensional display 15 shows two images of turn-taking at 1 meter with interior optional position under the control of pictorial display control unit 13, and two images change clockwise in the same way, change counterclockwise in the same way and perhaps do not rotate Preset Time (like 30s) in the same way.
During according to above-mentioned the 4th image display mode display image; Through alternative or irregular at 1 meter with interior optional position or the display images beyond 5 meters; Thereby guiding user's sight line is followed the trail of images displayed; Eyeball rule or irregular rotation are shunk with each bar eye muscle loosen the thickness of adjusting crystalline lens, being able to adapt to various high resistances of watching for a long time, and the agility that improves eyes of user.
When pictorial display control unit 13 definite image display modes are the 5th image display mode; Then three-dimensional display 15 is under the control of pictorial display control unit 13; Show piece image; Move around with interior (like the optional position in 30 centimetres-50 cm range) and the optional position (like the optional position in 10 meters-50 meters scopes) beyond 5 meters at 1 meter, then show two width of cloth images, move around with interior optional position and the optional position beyond 5 meters at 1 meter; Increase the images displayed number successively; Up to showing that preset width of cloth image moves around with interior optional position and the optional positions beyond 5 meters at 1 meter, thereby guiding user's sight line along with moving of images displayed, the sight line that makes eyes along with images displayed from closely to far; From as far as recent moved back, make eyeball constantly shrink, loosen again along with moving of display image.
During according to above-mentioned the 5th image display mode display image, with interior optional position Alternation Display image, and the optional position beyond 5 meters and 1 meter move around with interior optional position through the optional position beyond 5 meters and 1 meter; Guide the sight line of eyes of user to move around with interior optional position and the optional position beyond 5 meters, thereby strengthened the regulatory function of ciliary muscle and crystalline lens, when eyeball is done far and near motion with images displayed at 1 meter; Air-flow from far near; The little band of ciliary muscle is tense situation, impels the mesh chap of fiber cornice, and displacement also strengthens thereupon; In case the manufacturing of aqueous humor and circulation become smooth and easy; Crystalline lens, cornea enough nutrients that becomes, the drain function of Xiu Lianmu pipe is also unobstructed thereupon, and eye functions is able to give full play to.
When pictorial display control unit 13 definite image display modes are the 6th image display mode; Then three-dimensional display 15 is under the control of pictorial display control unit 13; In according to the 5th image display mode display image, the control images displayed shape of spinning rotates.Thereby guiding user's eyeball is being done the motion that also rotates when distance is shunk, loosened.
When pictorial display control unit 13 definite image display modes are the 7th image display mode; Then three-dimensional display 15 is under the control of pictorial display control unit 13; Show an image at 1 meter with interior optional position; And make said image move preset circle (like 5 circles) clockwise along the track of horizontal 8 words, move preset circle (like 5 circles) more counterclockwise, thereby guiding user's eyes along with moving of display image.Then three-dimensional display 15 is under the control of pictorial display control unit 13; Show an image at 1 meter with interior optional position; Make this image fall 8 words and move preset circle (like 5 circles) clockwise along the solid of depth; Move preset circle (like 5 circles) more counterclockwise, thereby guiding user's eyeball is not only done maximum rotation up and down, also guides the visual system of eyes to feel looking thing three dimensions; Strengthening eyes and optic nerve maincenter in the surrounding, the distance of various objects, the depth, length, concavo-convex, just, the perception of color, speed.
During according to above-mentioned the 7th image display mode display image; This display image guiding eyeball is not only done maximum rotation up and down; Also guide the visual system of eyes to feel to looking thing three dimensions; Thereby make 6 extraocular muscles all do the rotation of big radian, active to whole eyeball spheroid, have the effect of the long phenomenon of axis oculi of reducing high myopia person.Blood circulation promoting, enhancing metabolism and nutrient conveying function reach the effect that makes eye bright.Because of cornea and eyelid friction, promote lacrimal secretion, lubricated anterior corneal surface is eliminated the rough astigmatism of anterior corneal surface.Prevention eyestrain, crystalline lens elastic force weaken, pathological changes such as intraocular pressure is too high, retina.
When pictorial display control unit 13 definite image display modes are the 8th image display mode; Then three-dimensional display 15 is under the control of pictorial display control unit 13; Show a less image at 1 meter with interior optional position (like the optional position in the 20-30 cm range), continue Preset Time (like 2s) after, the optional positions beyond 5 meters show another associated pictures again; Continue Preset Time (like 2s); Repeat said process Preset Time (as 5 minutes), thereby the guiding user sees 1 meter clearly with after the interior optional position images displayed, see the image of 5 meters optional position inputs in addition clearly.
During according to above-mentioned the 8th image display mode display image, because display image guiding user's eyes carry out far, closely watch, through concentrating on staring distant place focus; Can stimulate the autonomic nerve maincenter, make visual performance more flexible, improve the burnt ability of drawing simultaneously; The ciliary muscle of relaxation of tension; Keeping the ability of control crystalline lens thickness, thereby improve, prevention myopia, hypermetropia, photophobia, the optical axis is elongated, reaches puzzlements such as amblyopia, stravismus, heteropsia.
When pictorial display control unit 13 definite image display modes are the 9th image display mode; Then three-dimensional display 15 is under the control of pictorial display control unit 13; Show some images similar but inequality; Show the voice data that is used to describe images displayed simultaneously, according to the voice data that is used to describe images displayed that shows, imagine images displayed with the guiding user.During according to above-mentioned the 9th image display mode display image, according to the voice data that shows Ceng Jin is met the image of staying in the brain memory and reconfigured, formed the brain image, thereby improved the sensitivity of brain visual system.
Be appreciated that; The embodiment of the invention can be according to user's vision situation; Perhaps vision situation and age, select in the above-mentioned multiple image display mode one or more to make up the vision of correcting the user, and in every kind of display mode; The persistent period of display image and number of repetition can be according to user's vision situation, and perhaps vision situation and age are provided with.
Fig. 3 shows the realization flow of the vision correction method that the embodiment of the invention provides, and details are as follows:
In step S301, according to the preset multiple image display mode that guides the user to watch of being used to of the optical imaging concept of eyes and the moving principle of three through transports, and the preset image display mode of storage.Wherein preset multiple image display mode comprises the image display mode that guiding user upper and lower, left and right are watched; The image display mode that guiding user distance is watched; The image display mode that the guiding user watches to the centre, the image display mode that the guiding user comprehensively watches.
The image display mode that the guiding user comprehensively watches includes but not limited to be used to guide first image display mode of extraocular muscles expansion; Be used to second image display mode that guides eyes to broaden one's vision; Be used to strengthen the 3rd image display mode of ocular vision function; Be used to guide the 4th image display mode of ocular vision tracking; The 5th image display mode that the far and near straight line that is used to guide eyes to shrink and loosens is followed the trail of, be used to guide eyes to shrink and when loosening and the eyeball rule rotate the 6th image display mode that three-dimensional spiral is followed the trail of; Be used to guide eyes to carry out the 7th image display mode of 8 trackings that eyeball carries out the rotation of amplitude peak intersection; Be used to guide eyes to carry out fast contraction and replace the 8th image display mode that occurs, be used to guide the user to carry out the 9th image display mode of brain image with far point that loosens and near point.Wherein under every kind of image input pattern, image display process repeats no more at this as stated.
In step S302, when the pictorial display instruction that receives input, obtain and the corresponding image display mode of this pictorial display instruction.
In embodiments of the present invention, which kind of image display mode display image the pictorial display instruction is used for indication according to.As when needs guiding user carries out the extraocular muscles expansion, then user's input is used to indicate the pictorial display instruction according to the first image display mode display image, and the principle of other image display modes is identical, repeats no more at this.In another embodiment of the present invention; For the eyes that make the user are comprehensively moved, to reach best rectification effect, when the input picture idsplay order; Can be provided for indicating the sequencing between the pictorial display instruction of pictures different display mode in advance; After according to a kind of image display mode display image, according to preset order, automatically according to next image display mode display image.
In step S303, control comprises that the image output device of three-dimensional video card that quickens to drive and three-dimensional player is according to the image display mode display image that obtains.
In step S304, the control three-dimensional display is according to the virtual demonstration images displayed of the image display mode that obtains.Wherein three-dimensional display can be helmet-type three-dimensional display, perhaps anaglyph spectacles.The range of a signal of three-dimensional display is in 80 centimetres, and visible sensation distance is 10 centimetres-50 meters, display view angle be 120 the degree more than, display resolution be 640*480 or more than.Wherein three-dimensional display repeats no more at this according to the process of the virtual demonstration images displayed of the image display mode that obtains as stated.
In embodiments of the present invention; Through image display mode optical imaging concept and the three through transports moving principle of unit according to eyes is set; Preset multiplely be used to guide the user to watch the image display mode of image; After the pictorial display control unit receives the pictorial display instruction; Obtain and image display mode that pictorial display instruction is corresponding, and control figure as output unit according to the image display mode output image that obtains, control three-dimensional display simultaneously according to the virtual display image of the image display mode that obtains; With guiding user's eyes carry out beyond the upper and lower, left and right, 5 meters optional position, 1 meter stretching with directions such as interior optional positions, rotation, motion such as move, thereby the vision of correcting the user.Because the embodiment of the invention adopts the image of the virtual demonstration output of three-dimensional display, thereby has no side effect, surpasses 50 meters emulation visible sensation distance because three-dimensional display can virtually demonstrate in addition, thereby reduced the environmental requirement of vision correction.Simultaneously owing to adopt the image of helmet-type three-dimensional display or the virtual demonstration output of anaglyph spectacles, thereby be easy to carry, reduced cost.
The above is merely preferred embodiment of the present invention, not in order to restriction the present invention, all any modifications of within spirit of the present invention and principle, being done, is equal to and replaces and improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (12)

1. a vision correction device is characterized in that, said device comprises:
Image display mode is provided with the unit; According to the optical imaging concept of eyes and the moving principle of three through transports is preset multiple is used to guide the eyes of user visual system to carry out image display mode multi-direction, the far and near distance motion; Said image display mode comprises the image display mode that guiding user upper and lower, left and right are watched; The image display mode that guiding user distance is watched, the image display mode that the guiding user watches to the centre, the image display mode that the guiding user comprehensively watches; The image display mode that the guiding user comprehensively watches includes but not limited to be used to guide first image display mode of extraocular muscles expansion; Be used to second image display mode that guides eyes to broaden one's vision; Be used to strengthen the 3rd image display mode of ocular vision function; Be used to guide the 4th image display mode of ocular vision tracking; The 5th image display mode that the far and near straight line that is used to guide eyes to shrink and loosens is followed the trail of, be used to guide eyes to shrink and loosen and the 6th image display mode that three-dimensional spiral that the eyeball rule is rotated is followed the trail of; Be used to guide the eyeball of eyes to carry out the 7th image display mode of 8 trackings that the amplitude peak intersection is rotated; Be used to guide eyes to carry out fast contraction and replace the 8th image display mode that occurs, be used to guide the user to carry out the 9th image display mode of brain image with far point that loosens and near point;
Memory element is used to store said image display mode the image display mode that the unit is provided with is set;
The pictorial display control unit when receiving the pictorial display instruction, obtains and the corresponding image display mode of said pictorial display instruction from said memory element;
The image output unit, under the control of said pictorial display control unit, the image display mode output image that obtains according to the pictorial display control unit;
Three-dimensional display, under the control of said pictorial display control unit, the image of the said image output unit output of virtual demonstration.
2. device as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, said image output unit comprises three-dimensional video card and the three-dimensional player that quickens driving.
3. device as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, said three-dimensional display is a helmet-type three-dimensional display or refresh rate reaches or surpass 120 hertz the liquid crystal display and the portable combination of liquid crystal light valve shutter stereo glasses.
4. like the described device of the arbitrary claim of claim 1 to 3; It is characterized in that; When the definite image display mode of said pictorial display control unit was first image display mode, said pictorial display control unit was controlled said three-dimensional display display image in the following manner:
In the middle of screen, show an image, behind the lasting Preset Time, the left and right sides shows an image respectively in the middle of screen; After continuing Preset Time; Left-side images is moved to the left with pre-set velocity, and image right moves right at the same rate, up to the both sides that move to screen; After repeating preset inferior above-mentioned moving, the past respectively third side of left-side images and image right is to moving; Perhaps also comprise the steps:
Screen is divided into a preset horizontal five equilibrium from top to bottom, image earlier from the centre of first five equilibrium to two side shiftings, again from the centre of second five equilibrium to two side shiftings, the rest may be inferred, a five equilibrium to the last, image moves in the middle of two side direction.
5. like the described device of the arbitrary claim of claim 1 to 3; It is characterized in that; When the definite image display mode of said pictorial display control unit was second image display mode, said pictorial display control unit was controlled said three-dimensional display display image in the following manner:
In the middle of screen, show an image, behind the lasting Preset Time, the place shows an image respectively at the maximum visual angle of screen left and right sides, and it is preset inferior to repeat said process;
Show an image in the middle of the screen, continue Preset Time after, show an image respectively at the upper and lower sides of intermediate vertical line, continue Preset Time, repeat said process preset time;
Show an image in the middle of the screen, continue Preset Time after, show an image in the upper left corner of screen, successively in centre, the upper right corner of screen; Middle, the lower left corner; Middle, the lower right corner shows an image, repeats said process preset time.
6. like the described device of the arbitrary claim of claim 1 to 3; It is characterized in that; When the definite image display mode of said pictorial display control unit was the 4th image display mode, said pictorial display control unit was controlled said three-dimensional display display image in the following manner:
According to clockwise direction, successively at screen optional position all around, far and near Alternation Display image; Again according to counterclockwise, successively at screen optional position all around, far and near Alternation Display image; Perhaps earlier according to counterclockwise, successively at optional position all around, far and near Alternation Display image; Again according to clockwise direction, successively at optional position all around, far and near Alternation Display image;
Irregular in the optional position of screen display image, perhaps irregular at screen the optional position and irregular at 1 meter with interior optional position or the optional position display images beyond 5 meters;
Show two images of turn-taking with 1 meter of interior optional position with interior optional position at 1 meter, two images change clockwise in the same way, change counterclockwise in the same way or do not rotate Preset Time in the same way.
7. like the described device of the arbitrary claim of claim 1 to 3; It is characterized in that; When the definite image display mode of said pictorial display control unit was the 5th image display mode, said pictorial display control unit was controlled said three-dimensional display display image in the following manner:
1 meter with the virtual display images in optional position beyond interior optional position and 5 meters, and image moves around with interior optional position and the optional positions beyond 5 meters at 1 meter;
At 1 meter with virtual demonstration two width of cloth images in optional position beyond interior optional position and 5 meters; And image moves around with interior optional position and the optional position beyond 5 meters at 1 meter; Increase the images displayed number successively; Up to 1 meter with the preset width of cloth images of the virtual demonstrations in optional position beyond interior optional position and 5 meters, and image moves around with interior optional position and the optional positions beyond 5 meters at 1 meter.
8. device as claimed in claim 7 is characterized in that, when the definite image display mode of said pictorial display control unit was the 6th image display mode, said pictorial display control unit was controlled said three-dimensional display display image in the following manner:
In according to the 5th image display mode display image, the control images displayed shape of spinning rotates.
9. like the described device of the arbitrary claim of claim 1 to 3; It is characterized in that; When the definite image display mode of said pictorial display control unit was the 7th image display mode, said pictorial display control unit was controlled said three-dimensional display display image in the following manner:
Show an image at 1 meter with interior optional position, and make said image move preset circle clockwise, move preset circle more counterclockwise along the track of horizontal 8 words; Export an image at 1 meter with interior optional position again, make said image fall 8 words and move preset circle clockwise, move preset circle more counterclockwise along the solid of depth.
10. like the described device of the arbitrary claim of claim 1 to 3; It is characterized in that; When the definite image display mode of said pictorial display control unit was the 8th image display mode, said pictorial display control unit was controlled said three-dimensional display display image in the following manner:
1 meter with virtual demonstration one image in interior optional position, continue Preset Time after, virtual demonstration one images in optional position beyond 5 meters continue Preset Time; Repeat above-mentioned steps preset time.
11. like the described device of the arbitrary claim of claim 1 to 3; It is characterized in that; When the definite image display mode of said pictorial display control unit was the 3rd image display mode, said pictorial display control unit was controlled said three-dimensional display display image in the following manner:
The left and right sides at the predeterminable range place shows similar image respectively; Said similar image is meant that two width of cloth images respectively have omission or disappearance, and is perhaps complementary, behind the lasting Preset Time; Show the image that another group is similar in the left and right sides at predeterminable range place respectively, repeat preset time said process;
The left and right sides at the predeterminable range place shows diverse image respectively, behind the lasting Preset Time, shows another respectively in the left and right sides at predeterminable range place and organizes diverse image, repeats preset time said process;
When the definite image display mode of said pictorial display control unit was the 9th image display mode, said pictorial display control unit was controlled said three-dimensional display display image in the following manner:
Output some image similar but inequality, output simultaneously are used to describe the voice data of the image of output.
12. a vision correction method is characterized in that said method comprises the steps:
According to the optical imaging concept of eyes and the moving principle of three through transports is preset multiple is used to guide the eyes of user visual system to carry out image display mode multi-direction, the far and near distance motion; And store said image display mode; Said image display mode comprises the image display mode that guiding user upper and lower, left and right are watched; The image display mode that guiding user distance is watched, the image display mode that the guiding user watches to the centre, the image display mode that the guiding user comprehensively watches; The image display mode that the guiding user comprehensively watches includes but not limited to be used to guide first image display mode of extraocular muscles expansion; Be used to second image display mode that guides eyes to broaden one's vision; Be used to strengthen the 3rd image display mode of ocular vision function; Be used to guide the 4th image display mode of ocular vision tracking; The 5th image display mode that the far and near straight line that is used to guide eyes to shrink and loosens is followed the trail of, be used to guide eyes to shrink and loosen and the 6th image display mode that three-dimensional spiral that the eyeball rule is rotated is followed the trail of; Be used to guide the eyeball of eyes to carry out the 7th image display mode of 8 trackings that the amplitude peak intersection is rotated; Be used to guide eyes to carry out fast contraction and replace the 8th image display mode that occurs, be used to guide the user to carry out the 9th image display mode of brain image with far point that loosens and near point;
When receiving the pictorial display instruction, obtain and the corresponding image display mode of said pictorial display instruction;
According to the image display mode output image that obtains;
The control three-dimensional display is according to the image of the virtual demonstration output of the image display mode that obtains.
CN2009101063204A 2009-03-27 2009-03-27 Device and method for vision correction Expired - Fee Related CN101843539B (en)

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CN102908242B (en) * 2012-09-03 2015-04-29 刘英顺 Progressive fogging vision training system and using method thereof
CN103054697A (en) * 2013-01-09 2013-04-24 中山市目明视光视力科技有限公司 Display device applied in vision correction system
CN103040598A (en) * 2013-01-25 2013-04-17 北京市眼科研究所 Myopia treatment instrument through stereoscopic video stimulation and regulation
CN103070764A (en) * 2013-02-08 2013-05-01 朱福广 Rotary green electromagnetic light wave vision corrector
CN105517626B (en) * 2014-11-20 2018-09-14 倪国庆 The control method of vision training apparatus and the vision training apparatus
CN104706511A (en) * 2014-12-19 2015-06-17 张亚珍 Three-dimensional image fusion vision training method and system thereof
CN104836999B (en) * 2015-04-03 2017-03-29 深圳市魔眼科技有限公司 A kind of holographic three-dimensional mobile terminal and method shown for self adaptation vision
CN106491323B (en) * 2016-10-17 2019-05-07 杭州睩客科技有限公司 For treating the video system and device of amblyopia
CN107049721A (en) * 2017-02-14 2017-08-18 合肥中感微电子有限公司 A kind of vision correction procedure and device
CN108478401B (en) * 2018-03-06 2020-04-14 大陆视觉(北京)眼镜销售有限公司 Amblyopia training and rehabilitation system based on VR technology
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