CN103356367A - Comprehensive bionic training system for eye diseases such as myopia - Google Patents

Comprehensive bionic training system for eye diseases such as myopia Download PDF

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CN103356367A
CN103356367A CN2013101205678A CN201310120567A CN103356367A CN 103356367 A CN103356367 A CN 103356367A CN 2013101205678 A CN2013101205678 A CN 2013101205678A CN 201310120567 A CN201310120567 A CN 201310120567A CN 103356367 A CN103356367 A CN 103356367A
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visual
carrier
training
luminous
viewpoint
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丛繁滋
丛林
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丛繁滋
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Abstract

The invention discloses a comprehensive bionic training system for eye diseases such as myopia. The system aims at overcoming defects in the prior art. According to the comprehensive training system, six bionic training, namely omnibearing eye yoga motion, vision system five-linkage binocular fusion, peripheral visual field stimulation training, visual acuity training, super precise eyesight training, and left and right eye separate blinking training of patents 200580024632.0 and 200810137450.X are reflected at a deeper level by omnibearing motion guide of a sighting mark and/or change of a sighting mark of eye stare reciprocating motion on a trial frame, so that seven strength reserves of a vision system can be increased comprehensively, three necessary conditions for maintaining emmetropia can be recovered, and the compensation ability of a function of the vision system can reappear. In addition, by comprehensive bionic training of a motion guide system, the former unreasonable eye using habit can be changed, and purposes of effectively improving and recovering vision without relapse can be achieved.

Description

The comprehensive bionical training system of a kind of eye diseases such as hypometropia
Technical field
The present invention relates to the comprehensive bionical training system of a kind of eye diseases such as hypometropia.
Background technology
The sickness rate of myopia is high in recent years, and 2000 the 4th time the students of nation Physical Investigation shows that China's myopia of student rate is: the pupil 20.23%, and the junior school student 48.18%, and the high school student 71.29%, and the university students 73.01%.An investigation in Hong Kong shows that pupil's rate of myopia is very general, and primary school's sixth-former rate of myopia is up to 60%, and this exceeds one times than New York; Estimate that middle school student's rate of myopia is up to more than 75%.The Taiwan students rate of myopia is also very high, pupil one grade 12%, six grade 55%, and middle school student three grades are 76%, senior middle school three grades is 85%.Abroad instance also allows of no optimist, and for example Japanese senior poor eyesight rate is 57%, and Singapore Chinese high school graduate rate of myopia is 78%, and the general population rate of myopia of the U.S. is 1/3rd, and European Region then lacks, but still has a large amount of myopia populations.Investigation demonstrates alarming 3 points, and namely near-sighted number is more and more, and myopia degree is more and more darker, and the trouble myope age is more and more less, brings great inconvenience for student learning and life.
The adolescent myopia amblyopia has become the social problem of world today's property.According to recent statistics, China's myopia has 3.5 hundred million people; The general population rate of myopia of the U.S. is about 1/3rd.In other words there are nearly 2,000,000,000 myopes in the whole world, and still in the formation of rolling, quantity is constantly soaring.The present amblyopia rate of China children is near 5 percent, and the juvenile amblyopia patient surpasses 2,000 ten thousand.
Enter human brain information more than 90% all from vision, 5% from ear, all the other are from other organ of human body.The magnanimity information IMU is crossed eyeball and is entered brain and store up into subconsciousness, can be used as the subconsciousness action of escape when dangerous or make a decision the people is out of danger; Can be used as at ordinary times inspiration or extemporaneous play is full of resource the people.The then information fuzzy that has defective vision, path is obstructed, and promoting vision is to insure, add inspiration, increase wisdom to child.
Yet most of medical expert thinks that myopia and heredity have high correlation, and myopia is that medicine is difficult to reverse; Medicine, apparatus can only have certain curative effect or correcting to pseudomyopia, and the bounce-back rate is high after the treatment, and true myopia is to be difficult to cure by medicine, apparatus.Wearing glasses with operative treatment is alternative two kinds of basic skills, in addition, does not have to change for a long time the therapy of true myopia refraction of eye state.
The present inventor is finding aspect eye diseases such as hypometropia prevention and the treatment that existing " near-sighted uncurable disease opinion " comes from traditional theory, and has following several respects shortcoming.
1, Adjustment Theory has shortcoming:
The student reads a book, looks at the blackboard far, closely regulates 5,6 hours every day, and myopia is still occurred frequently, visible Adjustment Theory must be large problem (weak spot is: the eye blood supply insufficiency, easily produce asthenopia, ciliary spasm, make all regulate all to accuse lost efficacy).Wherein, ciliary spasm, dead by rust just as the mechanical adjustment of user-friendly camera part, no matter how other parts operate, how system assigns instruction all can not take good picture.Therefore, it is invalid that the myopia instrument that only relies on Adjustment Theory design is doomed.
2, think little of the visual angle and make visual deterioration:
Except visual acuity chart, almost from not mentioned visual angle, this is the maximum carelessness of modern medicine in the control chain of eye diseases such as hypometropia.
As everyone knows, any people that vision arranged can both see sky, the sun, the moon of infinity, see the buildings beyond tens meters, but have the people in the buildings beyond the sky that can see infinity that part has defective vision, the sun, the moon and tens meters but to can't see the pin hole of sewing-needle in the hands close at hand.As seen the distance paid attention to of modern medicine is unimportant here, and set also can weaken, and can the visual angle be the indispensable principal contradiction that see clearly.Yet prior art wants to solve with secondary contradiction (set) thing of principal contradiction (visual angle), to such an extent as to " near-sighted uncurable disease ".
Owing to there is not the concept at visual angle, the visual angle of nearly all luminous viewpoint of commercially available dipped beam eye diseases such as hypometropia therapeutic equipments all greater than 150 subangles (take 5 meters as gauged distance, the used visual angle of opening that can see 1.0 sighting targets on 5 meters visual acuity charts clearly is 1 subangle; The used visual angle of opening that can see 0.1 maximum on 5 meters visual acuity charts sighting target clearly is 10 subangles), the larger retina area that hides in visual angle is larger, under the major premise that can see clearly for the instinct of conserve energy, the visual cell of not all covered scope all participates in work, and only the choosing small part visual cell participation work relevant with profile just can be satisfied the vision needs.In this process, be not activated than the more visual cell of daily eye, but be suppressed for energy-conservation more visual cells.
Owing to there is not the concept at visual angle, nearly all myope has formed and has only seen the custom of or not with great visual angle small angle in daily life.The opposite messenger only sees it is whom that profile is not seen; Sending a car in the opposite, only sees that profile do not see car plate.Initiatively abandon the use of small angle vision owing to identify oneself not see, owing to move back with advancing to give up, owing to do not have more visual cell to be activated, owing to more visual cells are suppressed, to such an extent as to visual deterioration.
In like manner, people see a film, when seeing TV, do not have to become, gather in the situation that does not have change at screen distance, under acoustic setting off, image on screen is from large to small or when changing from small to big, people can be very clear and definite see, feel image from the near to the remote or by as far as near variation, also can feel the variation of regulating simultaneously.As seen brain is differentiated far and nearly, distance is inessential, gathers inessentially, only has visual angle change most important.
Therefore say that almost from not mentioned visual angle, this is the maximum carelessness of modern medicine in the control chain of eye diseases such as hypometropia.
3, leak has appearred in vision three interlocks:
Leak has appearred in theoretical basis vision three interlocks that the eyes of existing treatment myopia close as instrument, and visual system should be that 5-linked is moving.Three interlocks only have set to change and do not have visual angle change, with the empirical data contrast judgement time because not having visual angle change to make brain produce puzzled or the sensation of " being taken in " arranged, thereby do not support interlock not support to regulate (as user-friendly camera can't be finished adjusting when the important detection information of shortage.It is moving to change 5-linked into, could finish smoothly the overall process of visual system interlock).
4, amblyopia treatment does not have overall idea:
The cause of disease of amblyopia is high hypermetropia, high myopia, high astigmatism, height anisometropia, height vitreous opacity.Modern medicine treatment amblyopia does not have from the treatment high hypermetropia, high myopia, and high astigmatism, the height anisometropia, the causes of disease such as height vitreous opacity are started with; Visual cell vigor deficiency is that the various causes of disease form the result that amblyopia causes.
Only pay attention to the activation of visual cell in the modern medicine amblyopia treatment process, the visual cell that is activated, optic cell how continuous firing no longer suppress no longer to give up with aspect do not consider, (weak spot is: the visual cell that is activated is not owing to have sufficient blood supply, the inhibitory state of having to enter once again).In addition, in the activation process of visual cell, made mistake with great visual angle (visual angle when commercially available myopia, amblyopia therapeutic equipment use is at least more than 150 subangles), remedied (lack: the super fineness eyesight of small angle is trained) to such an extent as to have to reach " grating therapy " " after image therapy " with family's fineness eyesights training such as " acupuncture treatment hole ", " beading ".To such an extent as to reach 2~3 years the course for the treatment of, even 7~8 years, and unsatisfactory curative effect.
5, only know that form deprivation do not do corresponding intervention:
Though modern science is found: " the retinal function loss of equilibrium: the development of modern civilization makes the vast teen-age visual field be limited to the narrow visual field of the dead aheads such as books, television set, computer, video game more.Wallman points out: long-time near-distance reading itself is a kind of special form deprivation.Only have the foveal region of retina recess can obtain sufficient visual stimulus during because of near-distance reading, amphiblestroid other most of position then lacks enough stimulations, and most of retina cell is active to descend.' moving back with advancing to give up ' and blood supply and metaboilic level are proportionate, and are the human body inherent laws.Find that by research during bathomorphic early stage optical fundus changed, peripheral retina was anemia state, yellow skin is white, i.e. ' non-compressing is white ' phenomenon " (Li Meihong, Qian Jinyue, Shao Dabao, the anatomical basis of occurrence and devlopment of myopia; Chinese Clinical Chinese Journal of anatomy 2000,18 (1), 59).But modern medicine is not made corresponding intervention to " retinal function loss of equilibrium " that " form deprivation " causes, and the glasses optical center is to the restriction in the visual field in addition.Thereby make eye diseases such as hypometropia enter the one-way road that to advance and to retreat.Some fundus oculi diseases are arisen at the historic moment near under the line.
6, existing glasses and using method thereof are the incurable major reasons of true myopia:
Be in particular in:
Human eye originally as user-friendly camera, when looking nearly thing or thing far away, all can be automatically with image adjustment to retina, so normally far see soon closely all very clear.Myopia initial period (false stage) all is because asthenopia, ciliary muscle are regulated dumb institute to crystalline lens causes, to i.e. true sexual stage of myopia in later stage, ciliary muscle loses fully to lenticular regulating power.Seeing that for a long time nearly ciliary muscle regulates under inflexible prerequisite, image just drops on amphiblestroid front during depending on thing far away, forms a kind of fuzzy image.Near-sighted glasses can address this problem, and make the defocused image plane of thing far away get back to imaging on the retina.But when people had on glasses and see near objects, the imaging focal plane of nearly thing had but been dropped on the retina back and has been produced new out of focus, namely formed a kind of fuzzy image on the retina.The student wants in-plant read-write tens hours every day to see closely as main.In order to see nearly thing clearly, in order to remedy eyeball in the deficiency aspect the adjusting, brain, retina pass through the reflection chain of series of complex on psychology and the physiology, started human visual system's emmetropization program eyeball has been adjusted (biological instinct, meet the needs of and change oneself), eyeball is then transferred long gradually backward, until fall on the retina focal plane of nearly thing, can see clearly till the nearly thing.As everyone knows, eyeball is whenever transferred long one millimeter backward, just can offset the adjusting of glasses 300 degree.After eyeball is transferred length, the thing followed is when looking thing far away, image drops on amphiblestroid front again, again unintelligible, need to again join mirror, again join mirror after, the retina back has been dropped on again in the focal plane of nearly thing, in order to see nearly thing clearly, axis oculi is transferred length again by brain again as the accent user-friendly camera.And so forth, not only accelerated eyeglass lens power raising, accelerated the decline that eyeball axially had been elongated, had accelerated eye eyesight, the glasses wearer is increased suffer from other such as the danger of the ophthalmics such as retina shedding, glaucoma and retinopathy.Therefore, British scientist is appealed: near-sighted glasses are not the correct methods of myopia correction.Students of nation myopic eye preventing and treating work expert guidance group group leader Xu Guangdi says: " wearing glasses is a kind of main method of correcting defects of vision at present.Glasses for the myopia have on for ' seeing far away ', and ' seeing near ' is unreasonable.”
In putting above-mentioned mechanism process in order, researcher of the present invention has very surprisingly found to comprise at present all inapparent basic reasons of any method treatment such as the traditional Chinese medical science, doctor trained in Western medicine, apparatus true myopia curative effect.The at all former act of violence of having found the latch true myopia state of an illness to make it to turn round, can not retreat.Decoded the unsolved riddle of domestic and international true myopia uncurable disease.That is exactly existing glasses and using method thereof.
As everyone knows, any Therapeutic Method for the true myopia visual rehabilitation, its purpose all is to be to make the axial length of eyeball to return to emmetropic state, makes the regulatory function recovery elasticity in the past of eyeball.Wherein, in the process for the treatment of, return in the process of emmetropic state at the axial length that makes eyeball, because the effect of glasses.Because glasses make any Therapeutic Method all become futile effort to the effort that the axial length that makes eyeball returns to emmetropic state to the restriction of nearly thing imaging focal plane and the negative effect of keeping former axiallength, stoping eyeball to recover.This be because, if the Therapeutic Method that people select is effectively, axiallength will recover and shorten to the normal eyes direction, amphiblestroid seat will move forward and depart from transmitted through glasses and see nearly thing imaging focal plane, and forms a kind of fuzzy image.In order to see nearly thing clearly, brain will be adjusted eyeball by the reflection chain of series of complex on psychology and the physiology, until can see clearly till the nearly thing.In case eyeball has been seen nearly thing clearly under the adjustment of brain, illustrate that axiallength has turned back to again the state before the treatment, the then failure of declaration treatment.
Conclusion is: " near-sighted uncurable disease opinion " is irrelevant with eyeball, fully be because the shortcoming of above-mentioned theory, carelessness, find, intervene or glasses to the restriction of axiallength, the uncurable disease of the myopia that causes.Theory of the present invention has overcome the defective in the above-mentioned theory, and has solved the curative effect problem to eye diseases such as hypometropia.
Existing patented technology,
200580024632.0; 200810137450.X from promote the angle of seven kinds of strength deposits of visual system by six kinds of bionical training, provided the integration scenario that addresses the above problem, its main scheme for implementing said method has two kinds, a kind of is luminous viewpoint apart from the vertical dimension of eyeball in 10cm; Another kind is luminous viewpoint apart from the distance of eyeball in 50cm; Luminous viewpoint seldom sets foot in interior at 5~50cm apart from the distance of eyeball.
Following patent just sets foot in 5~50cm zone, yet their the upper inferior obliquus that sets foot in extraocular muscles and ophthalmic flesh all do not set foot in other four extraocular muscles and other five kinds of strength of visual system:
200620041711.4; " the utility model discloses up and down oblique exerciser for eyes of a kind of eyes, it comprises frame, localizer, visual target car, and level is provided with guide rail on the frame, and the guide rail bottom is arranged with traction wheel, and the frame bottom is provided with motor, a side is provided with scale, switch; Localizer is located at the frame front end, and visual target car is located on the guide rail.This utility model is simple in structure, easy to use, by the reciprocating sighting target of eye gaze, the thickness of crystal in the eyes is changed repeatedly, thereby drives extraocular muscles, iridic muscles, ciliary body muscle coordination exercise, to reach the purpose of improving and recovering vision.”
200710039892.6 " the invention discloses a kind of inner and external flesh of eyes instrument for training; it comprises body, localizer, visual target car; the body two ends are respectively equipped with front shroud, back cover, middle part and are provided with connecting plate; be provided with guide rail in the body, afterbody is provided with motor; motor is provided with decelerator; the decelerator outfan is equipped with traction wheel, and the body outer surface is provided with scale; Localizer is located at the body front end, and visual target car is located on the guide rail, and motor is connected with gauge tap by wire.The present invention is simple in structure, easy to use, by the reciprocating sighting target of eye gaze, the thickness of crystal in the eyes is changed repeatedly, thereby drives inner and external flesh of eyes, iridic muscles, ciliary body muscle coordination exercise, to reach the purpose of improving and recovering vision ".
200920195416.8 " the utility model discloses a kind of myopia restoring instrument, comprising: a workbench; One carriage, described carriage is installed on the side of described work top; One viewing device is fixedly mounted on the described carriage; One support, the placement corresponding with described viewing device; One scale, its two ends are installed on respectively on described viewing device and the described support; One electronic sighting target device, it can move along described length of the scale direction.By adopting said structure, this utility model can be removed pseudomyopia, and can strengthen eyeball to the defensive ability/resistance ability of myopia, user is controlled and is regulated by remote control and displacement, speed, the frequency weaved into mobile context, can be so that the simple grasp of user and application, simultaneously, said apparatus is simple in structure, is easy to promote ".
201120038072.7 " the utility model discloses a kind of sighting target movement visual function trainer; comprise frame, head laying bracket, sighting target and sighting target travel mechanism, this sighting target travel mechanism comprises the dovetail slideway that arranges on the described frame and with the slide block of dovetail groove; Be fixed with sighting target by pillar on the slide block; Slide block one side arranges tooth bar; Along uniform 2~6 motors of guide rail direction, the motor axle head arranges gear on the frame; During sighting target moves along guide rail, the engagement of the gear of tooth bar and corresponding position; Sighting target and motor all are electrically connected with controller.Described sighting target is display.Described motor is 3.The stable movement of sighting target energy of the present utility model, therapeutic effect is good ".
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is provides a kind of eye diseases such as hypometropia comprehensive bionical training system for the deficiencies in the prior art.This comprehensive training device moves back and forth by the omnibearing movable guiding of sighting target on the trial frame and/or by eye gaze, and the size variation of sighting target, deeperly pass through six kinds of bionical training, seven kinds of strength deposits of General Promotion visual system, emmetropic three essential conditions, the compensatory capacity of recurrent vision systemic-function are kept in recovery.Simultaneously, also the comprehensive bionical training by the motion guidance system can also change in the past irrational eye custom of using, to reach the effective improvement that does not rebound and the purpose of recovering vision.
The comprehensive bionical training system of a kind of eye diseases such as hypometropia provided by the invention comprises a visual system motion guide device, and this visual system motion guide device comprises:
Carrier;
Be positioned at the far and near reciprocating a plurality of gauge points on the carrier;
And/or, be positioned at a plurality of gauge points of housing case on the carrier;
And/or, be positioned at a plurality of gauge points on the carrier trial frame;
And/or, be positioned at the sounding component on the carrier;
And/or, be positioned at plug-in bimanualness keyboard and hands handle on the carrier;
Wherein, in use, limit visual running orbit by described gauge point, consist of six kinds of bionical training, limit not visible running orbit by described sounding component, and improve the coordination ability of visual system irritability and eye brain hands by described sounding component and plug-in bimanualness keyboard and handle; Thereby seven kinds of strength deposits of General Promotion visual system recover to keep emmetropic three essential conditions, improve the compensatory capacity of visual system function, and described six kinds of bionical training are carried out along visual running orbit and/or not visible running orbit;
Be positioned at the far and near reciprocating a plurality of gauge points on the carrier, and/or be positioned at a plurality of gauge points of housing case on the carrier, and/or a plurality of gauge points that are positioned on the carrier trial frame can use separately; Also can unite use; Also can be positioned at sounding component on the carrier and/or plug-in bimanualness keyboard and handle and unite use.
When described visual system motion guide device be positioned over the residing space of people and and human eye between determine certain apart from the time, the described far and near reciprocating a plurality of gauge points that are positioned on the carrier, and/or be positioned at that at least part of described visual gauge point of a plurality of gauge points of housing case is positioned near the center of human eye visual range on the carrier, perhaps, the described visual gauge point of part is positioned near the center of human eye visual range, and the described a plurality of visual gauge points of part are positioned near the periphery of human eye visual range; Perhaps, the described a plurality of visual gauge point that is positioned on the carrier trial frame is positioned near the limit of human eye visual range periphery;
Described visual gauge point is luminous viewpoint, reflective viewpoint:
The described far and near reciprocating a plurality of gauge points that are positioned on the carrier are when gauge point is luminous viewpoint, by light emitting diode, liquid crystal display screen, the Organic Light Emitting Diode screen is at least a consists of;
The described a plurality of gauge points that are positioned at housing case on the carrier are when gauge point is luminous viewpoint, by light emitting diode, liquid crystal display screen, the Organic Light Emitting Diode screen is at least a consists of; When gauge point was reflective viewpoint, the LASER Light Source after transmitting illuminant is processed by light emitting diode, electric filament lamp, the graceful scattering of process is at least a to be consisted of;
The described a plurality of visual gauge point that is positioned on the carrier trial frame is when gauge point is luminous viewpoint, by electric filament lamp, light emitting diode is at least a consists of.
Described visual system motion guide device also comprises a gauge point control unit, be used for the described gauge point of the form control of mechanical movement far and near reciprocating motion in certain interval, and/or when gauge point is luminous viewpoint or reflective viewpoint, be used for switching between luminous and not luminous two states with the described luminous viewpoint of certain sequential control or reflective viewpoint light source, described luminous controling unit limits described visual running orbit by the sequence of light of controlling a plurality of luminous viewpoints, and/or, be used for the described luminous viewpoint of certain sequential control greatly, between little, and bright, switch between dark, gradual change;
Described gauge point and gauge point control unit limit described visual running orbit.
Described visual system motion guide device also comprises the one or more sounding components of sounding that are positioned on the described carrier, with a sound guidance unit, how be used for sending the prompting patient with the described sounding component of certain sequential control enters the prompt tone of training or induces language, be used for prompting and stare reciprocating sighting target, up and down omnibearing movable eyeball of luminous viewpoint is followed in prompting, be used for prompting by the sighting target of motion size variation, the sighting target of set and the training of outer bucket, and the sighting target of peripheral visual field stimulation, recover ciliary muscle and crystalline lens elasticity in the past, balance optical fundus peripheral visual field, improve optical fundus blood circulation two-ways regulation axiallength, being used for prompting trick brain game process gill trick brain cooperates the interest that promotes user participation training to improve the irritability of visual system, the compliance of no longer uninteresting raising training when being used for music playing or anecdote child being trained, the prompt tone that described sound guidance unit sends by sounding component limits described not visible running orbit.
Described visual system motion guide device also comprises keyboard or the handle that is positioned at the plug-in bimanualness on the described carrier, with the type interaction that plays games of sighting target in the visual system motion guide device, and by accuracy rate and accurate response time two indexs that the intelligence training appraisal system passes through the sighting target of seeing user is given a mark, and/or as the foundation of training tense marker point size variation scope in this or a period of time, and/or make raw data and store.
Far and near reciprocating luminous viewpoint control unit on the described visual system motion guide device carrier, not only necessarily the described luminous viewpoint of sequential control is switched drive eyeball omnibearing movable between luminous and not luminous two states, can also be in the far and near reciprocating while of luminous viewpoint, with the described luminous viewpoint of certain sequential control between the large and little variation of viewpoint, between many and few, the motion and static between, between flicker is bright with perseverance, switch between binocular integration, the parallel and outer bucket, gradual change;
When sighting target progressively zooms out, when progressively diminishing or diminish, sighting target becomes many, and according to vision examination data, by the increasing of distance and diminishing of sighting target, the visual angle of one or more sighting targets is transferred near the visual limit of user; For vision being had the extraordinary professional who requires such as sniper, shooter, can progressively transfer to the formed visual angle of sighting target and eyeball node place is 0.33 subangle, or 0.25 subangle;
When sighting target progressively furthers, it is large that sighting target progressively becomes, with regard to the entity sighting target, can progressively become large and be 150 subangles or 300 subangles to the formed visual angle of luminous viewpoint and eyeball node place, for the stereoscopic mark of void, can progressively become large be to the formed visual angle of luminous viewpoint and eyeball node place an angle of 90 degrees or 120 degree angles such as circle combination and thread pattern etc.;
And/or in the process of distance pulling, the periphery of the big or small continually varying master sighting target of flicker adds the smaller or greater sighting target in visual angle that does not glimmer more than, with reference to the continuous variation that goes out main sighting target size, and then drives and regulates;
When sighting target progressively zooms out, to find out near directional light, carry out relaxation training;
When sighting target progressively furthers, gather training or outer bucket training.
Far and near reciprocating luminous viewpoint control unit on the described visual system motion guide device carrier, the far and near reciprocating speed of luminous viewpoint:
When the change of distance of only having sighting target did not have the size variation of sighting target, each circulation sets the time should be greater than 2 seconds,
When the size of the distance of sighting target and sighting target changed simultaneously, each circulation sets the time should be greater than 10 seconds.
The shape and size of housing case on the described carrier that carries a plurality of gauge points in the housing case on the carrier; Its shape comprises: cuboid, square, spherosome or the kaleidoscope positive three prism that is comprised of three illuminators; Size comprises: it is little of just the far and near reciprocating carrier of gauge point being included in wherein cuboid, square, spherosome, the positive three prism of size; It greatly comprises the far and near reciprocating carrier of user and gauge point wherein darkroom, room, half darkroom.
The constituted mode of carrier nearby that leads eyeball to do comprehensive eye Yoga sports on the described visual system motion guide device carrier comprises: the form periphery is with the simple and easy inserted sheet trial frame of luminous viewpoint, or the form periphery is with the lung head of the comprehensive optometry instrument of luminous viewpoint, or move to nearby the form periphery with the adapt transparent liquid crystal screen of luminous viewpoint of user interpupillary distance.
More preferably, the form periphery is with the simple and easy inserted sheet trial frame of luminous viewpoint, or the form periphery is with the lung head of the comprehensive optometry instrument of luminous viewpoint.
On the described visual system motion guide device carrier trial frame form periphery with luminous viewpoint have the secondary substructure of luminous viewpoint, each luminous viewpoint is comprised of hundreds of at least, thousands of small luminous viewpoints; The far and near reciprocating luminous viewpoint of described visual system motion guide device carrier is divided into entity viewpoint and empty stereoscopic point, when luminous viewpoint is at empty stereoscopic, luminous viewpoint has secondary substructure, and each luminous viewpoint is comprised of hundreds of at least, thousands of small luminous viewpoints; Or formed by the small angle lines; In order to prolong the depth of focus of imaging by the small angle of small luminous viewpoint, to such an extent as on retina, do not form disc of confusion, do not form and draw bathomorphic strength, solved and closely seen the difficult problem that can deepen myopia degree.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is visual system motion guide device operation principle sketch map of the present invention;
Fig. 2, Fig. 3 are simple and easy inserted sheet glasses type trial frame sketch map of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the lung head dummy trial frame sketch map of comprehensive optometry instrument of the present invention;
Fig. 5, Fig. 6 are the visual system motion guide device axonometric chart of applicable simple and easy inserted sheet glasses type trial frame of the present invention;
Fig. 7, Fig. 8 are the visual system motion guide device axonometric chart of the lung head dummy trial frame of applicable comprehensive optometry instrument of the present invention;
Beneficial effect of the present invention is: the present invention is directed to the deficiencies in the prior art provides a kind of eye diseases such as hypometropia comprehensive bionical training system.The omnibearing movable guiding of this comprehensive training device by sighting target on the trial frame and/or the size variation by the reciprocating sighting target of eye gaze, the deeper reproduction inventor formerly applies for a patent 200580024632.0; 200810137450.X the moving eyes of comprehensive eye Yoga sports, visual system 5-linked close the six kinds of bionical training such as training of glimmering respectively of picture, peripheral visual field stimulating exercise, visual acuity training, the training of super fineness eyesight, right and left eyes, but seven kinds of strength deposits of General Promotion visual system, emmetropic three essential conditions, the compensatory capacity of recurrent vision systemic-function are kept in recovery.Simultaneously, the comprehensive bionical training by the motion guidance system can also change in the past irrational with the eye custom, to reach the effective improvement that does not rebound and the purpose of recovering vision.
The specific embodiment
In order to further specify the present invention, provide following detailed description and several exemplary embodiment, but scope of the present invention is not subjected to the restriction of these explanations and embodiment.
The present inventor provides respectively separately embodiment by in the mode that proposes seven new theorys aspect eye diseases such as hypometropia prevention and the treatment.Wherein:
1, the not enough theory of seven kinds of strength that proposes to have defective vision and come from visual system:
A refractive media transparent aspect:
1. derive from the eyeball blood circulation and be short of power, refractive media is opaque to derive from that a blood circulation is short of power, metabolite can not in time be taken away, as: cataract, vitreous opacity, muscae volitantes.
B in axis oculi length aspect refractive power conforms to:
2. deriving from ophthalmic flesh, to regulate power not enough, and the strength of ophthalmic flesh is not enough, regulate not in place, can not be rapid, timely, lasting image is delivered on the retina aspect.As: myopia, hypermetropia, presbyopia.
3. it is not enough to derive from sclera tension tension force, the resistance to tension of eyeball bottom sclera is not enough, and eyeball is fallen at image in the situation of retina back, is not the regulating power of in time transferring ciliary muscle, but force the sclera axial elongation axis oculi of stepping down backward, height of formation myopia.
4. derive from sclera and grow the vigor deficiency, eyeball bottom sclera is not grown and is put in place, forms hypermetropia.Because growing to put in place, axis oculi do not see and makes image fall the retina back when far away that seeing needs the more adjusting power of transferring ciliary muscle when near.Therefore, see the closely easier asthenopia that occurs.
C look the road normal aspect:
5. the strength that derives from extraocular muscles is not enough, the strength of extraocular muscles is not enough, search rapidly, catch the scarce capacity of sighting target and when watching attentively stationkeeping ability not enough, One's eyesight is restrained, can not be rapidly timely the light of image refraction be pointed to central fovea of retina, perhaps stereopsis vision comfortable, persistency is not enough.As: astigmatism, stravismus, amblyopia, presbyopia, and with hidden oblique myopia.
6. the vigor that derives from visual cell is not enough, and the vigor of visual cell is not enough, part, or most of visual cell is in inhibitory state.Such as amblyopia, slight, moderate, high myopia.
7. derive from a brain and link up the vigor deficiency, the vigor that the eye brain is linked up is not enough, and the information that retina can not be experienced changes into the existing clearly image of brain in time.As: two fusion is not enough, stereoscopic vision is poor.
In the process of eye diseases such as hypometropia morbidity, may be take a certain strength deficiency as main, other are followed mutually restriction occur.If energy is the strength of the raising visual system of system comprehensively, then eye diseases such as hypometropia can turn round rapidly.
Visual system motion guide device of the present invention, omnibearing movable guiding by sighting target on the trial frame and/or move back and forth and the size variation of sighting target by eye gaze, six kinds of bionical training of deeper reproduction, milli exhaustively promotes seven kinds of strength deposits of visual system simultaneously.
2, propose peripheral visual field and stimulate the theory that " form deprivation " intervened:
Proposing peripheral visual field stimulates " retinal function loss of equilibrium " that " form deprivation " caused to make effectively medical intervention theory.Thereby make eye diseases such as hypometropia walk out the one-way road that to advance and to retreat.
For myopia: well-known, any string is all less than diameter on a circle.It similarly is the virtual image that peripheral visual field stimulates formed at amphiblestroid equator position by pupil, Jiao Ping and having fallen outside the retina.To automatically form a kind of large strength of equatorial diameter change that makes in order to see the image eyeball clearly.When near the diameter change making equator of eyeball of this strength is large, also formed a kind of strength that makes the front and back contraction in length of axis oculi.Simultaneously, because the stimulation of peripheral visual field, the rising of enabling formed vigor of visual cell on the peripheral retina can improve the blood circulation of corresponding site retina, choroid, sclera simultaneously, strengthens sclera tension tension force.These two kinds of strength, feasible effect ground improves the peripheral visual field blood circulation, the myopia shaft length is shortened, effectively increase the hypermetropia shaft length, effectively various fundus oculi diseases is fundamentally turned round.
For hypermetropia, since the stimulation of peripheral visual field, the rising of enabling formed vigor of visual cell on the peripheral retina, and instruction is improved the blood circulation of corresponding site retina, choroid, sclera simultaneously, and then the growth vigor of enhancing sclera, make axiallength progressively close to emmetropia.
For astigmatism, stravismus, the mountain is in the stimulation of peripheral visual field equilibrium, and part and other position that the optical fundus peripheral visual field is elongated return on the plane, and balance optical fundus peripheral visual field is eliminated astigmatism, looked side ways the cause of disease that is present in the optical fundus.
Move back and forth the formed three-dimensional peripheral visual field stimulation of sighting target and trial frame periphery sighting target in the visual system motion guide device of the present invention, can effectively solve the difficult problem that near-sighted axis oculi shortens, the difficult problem that the hypermetropia axis oculi is elongated, the problem of astigmatism and squinting eye bottom perimeter visual field balance.
3, propose myopia, face and also need small angle fineness eyesight training theory:
As everyone knows, amblyopia needs fineness eyesight training: " the fineness eyesight training of amblyopia: children with amblyopia is exactly to force consciously the amblyopia eye to be absorbed in a certain thin objects when carrying out the fineness eyesight training; make that repressed photoreceptor cell,photosensory cell is upset in its amblyopia eye; derepression, thereby raising vision ".
In existing medical literature, can not find out the printed words that myopia, emmetropia also need the fineness eyesight training.Yet,
Provide following table among the 73rd page of the Xu Guangdi " ophthalmology dioptrics ":
Distant vision after myopia degree and the rectification
Can be found out by above-mentioned data, although the focal plane of seeing object has been transferred on the retina by glasses, correct defects of vision and still recover less than emmetropic level, what does this illustrate? this explanation in the past, because treatment is upper and in lifely do not pay attention to the visual angle problem, made mistake with great visual angle, myope's optical fundus is the same with amblyopia to have had a large amount of visual cell optic cells owing to undernutrition is suppressed, and is in the state of going out of use or resting state.
Therefore, researcher of the present invention thinks that myopia also needs the training of small angle fineness eyesight.
In addition, Xu Guangdi claims that in " ophthalmology dioptrics " the 149th page " according to the measurement result of polyak, the diameter of each pyramidal cell of central part of human eye central fovea is 1.0~1.5 μ m.If with colony's cell dense arrangement, then the pyramidal cell spacing is about 1.0 μ m.The scope of size is about 12 at the angle of node place folder " calculating its best force with this should be about 3.0 like this.The student eyesight of 22 provinces and cities of China in 1980 is investigated, and very provinces and cities' student eyesight is reached 2.0 (accounting for 24%) of decimal meter method, and 3.0 above persons are also non-rare.External report even can up to 6.0, only be equivalent to 9.45 at " visual angle ".Namely calculating by theory and Vision screening learns that the best vision of human eye is not 1.0 neither 1.5, should be 3.0, and human eye 1.0 is results of environment domestication.
Therefore, for the crowd that high visual demand is arranged, can train by fineness eyesight fully, vision is risen to 3.0 or near 3.0.
In the visual system motion guide device of the present invention in the luminous viewpoint of trial frame periphery and the small luminous viewpoint of substructure and move back and forth sighting target and can form neglecting of 0.3 subangle and indicate and hope and make the vision of some special population rise to steadily 3.0.
4, vision 5-linked motion theory is proposed;
As mentioned above, the rice that has defective vision comes from six kinds of strength deficiencies of visual system.Yet existing technology almost concentrates on all attention on the instruction joint strength deficiency of flesh in the limit when treatment myopia, and this has made the hope of myopia become remote.More unfortunately when the design eyes closed the picture therapeutic instrument, the theoretical basis of institute's foundation " vision three through transports are moving " was out of joint again:
Vision should not be " three through transports are moving ", and should be vision " 5-linked motion ": namely far and near the variation when moving of same object will cause: the 5-linked motions such as set variation, visual angle change, brain and empirical data contrast judgement, the adjusting of ciliary muscle crystalline lens, pupil size variation.
It is near and see the second visual angle change of " 5-linked motion " when far away, the contrast judgement of the 3rd brain soon that " three through transports moving " have neglected the people.Therefore, when prior art is closed the picture therapeutic instrument at the design eyes, with all luminous viewpoint designs on the same circuit board and size identical (human eye does not have visual angle change when seeing all viewpoints), to such an extent as to the simulation people is near and see set far away changes and as usual carry out soon in therapeutic process, what do not conform to convention is that simulation sees that the visual angle of closely seeing when far away does not change, compare sensation that brain will produce puzzled and " be taken in " with empirical data this moment, therefore, refusal is regulated or because puzzled strength of adjustment is not enough, and curative effect is so not good in the imagination.According to the natural law deisgn product of " 5-linked motion ", comply with the vision natural process, can make the lenticular conciliation of ciliary muscle and loosen effectively and carry out, curative effect is increased substantially.
The reciprocating set training of visual system motion guide device of the present invention, the size variation training of outer bucket training and sighting target, soon quick-recovery ciliary muscle and crystalline lens elasticity and regulating power in the past, and the stationkeeping ability of extraocular muscles.
5, glasses are proposed in eye diseases such as hypometropia control side and new purposes theory
Putting in order under the prerequisite that traditional eyewear and using method thereof are the incurable basic reasons of true myopia, proposing to see the theory of far seeing nearly minute mirror.Be that the near-sighted glasses that normally join in the optician's shop are for Shi Yuansuo joins, use when only being used for looking at the blackboard or driving.TV is seen in reading, and with computer etc. nearby with the glasses that at the moment must change low 100 degree, draw bathomorphic strength in order to lay down 100 degree, promote to vision and leave chance.Along with the vision of the training user of instrument of the present invention can progressively promote, when the glasses that have on low 100 degree see that 5 meters hypermetropia marks can see 0.8 or 1.0, former high number of degrees glasses see and also can be out of use when far away, see far with the glasses of enough seeing 0.8 or 1.0 low 100 degree.So circulation, the glasses of joining again low 100 degree are used for seeing near, are used for promoting vision.
6, proposing true myopia can rotating theory:
The key word of modern medicine when describing true myopia is: a regulating power is lost; The b axis oculi elongates; The c organic disease forms; Focus on: d is irreversible.
Axiallength at any time variable, do not have an age limit: Wenzhou Medical College's supplementary eye is looked the Wang Rui minister in ancient times of light hospital etc. and do not provide foundation for " having age limit; axiallength is variable at any time " in " the emmetropization process study progress of human eye and animal eye development of vision system ", claim in the literary composition: " at vertebrate eyeball growth and development stage; oneself factor and environmental factors concur, wherein environmental factors seems particularly important.After opening one's eyes, extraneous visual stimulus begins to bring into play accurate regulating and controlling effect to the growth promoter of eyeball, and wall of eyeball can be towards the direction growth of image focus, until refractive status and axiallength reach suitable coupling, this process is called as " emmetropization ".Emmetropization will be followed animal throughout one's life as a dynamic continuous process " (totally 30 pieces of the lists of references of this summary, wherein foreign language is 27 pieces, 3 pieces of Chinese).In other words, even octogenarian old man's axiallength is also constantly changing, just the speed of axiallength variation progressively slows down with advancing age, one of value that the present invention exists is exactly the process that the application technology means are accelerated the axiallength emmetropization, no matter be 60 years old, or myopia 1500 degree (15.0D).
As seen, there was not scientific basis to a dating axiallength with regard to having fixed the saying that can not retreat of maybe can only advancing in the past.The irreversible true myopia that modern medicine is described does not just still find the provisional hypothesis under effective Therapeutic Method condition.
Visual system motion guide device of the present invention is by the variation, the variation at visual angle of set, by judgements of comparing of brain and empirical data, the variation of drive ophthalmic flesh adjusting and the variation of pupil size.Fast quick-recovery ciliary muscle and crystalline lens elasticity and function in the past, increase collective ability deposit, the regulating power deposit of eyeball, the Quick-return eyeball is regulated sensitivity, alleviate the pressure that axis oculi length and refractive power do not conform to, elimination is ossify by ciliary muscle and axis oculi is elongated formed dual asthenopia, image is drawn close, for the fast quick-recovery of myopia lays the foundation to retina.Stimulate by reciprocating sighting target and the formed peripheral visual field of trial frame form periphery sighting target, can enlarge the equator of eyeball diameter from optical angle and shorten axiallength, the tension tension force that increases sclera from the mechanics angle shortens axiallength, solves the difficult problem that axiallength can not shorten.
7, proposing amblyopia can cure rapidly, does not return the bullet theory after the healing:
Commercially available red light scintillation apparatus only never up never in fails to capture this world-famous puzzle of amblyopia fast treating.The expert generally believes: red light scintillation apparatus activates the optimum selection that the visual cell optic cell is the treatment amblyopia.Yet its course for the treatment of, the elder can reach 7~8 years generally in 2~3 years, and its curative effect is also not fully up to expectations.Its underlying causes is
The cause of disease of amblyopia is high hypermetropia, high myopia, high astigmatism, height anisometropia, height vitreous opacity.Modern medicine treatment amblyopia does not have from the treatment high hypermetropia, high myopia, and high astigmatism, the height anisometropia, the causes of disease such as height vitreous opacity are started with; Visual cell vigor deficiency is that the various causes of disease form the result that amblyopia causes.
Visual system motion guide device of the present invention, stimulate by reciprocating sighting target and the formed peripheral visual field of trial frame form periphery sighting target, can effectively solve the difficult problem that near-sighted axis oculi shortens, the difficult problem that the hypermetropia axis oculi is elongated, the difficult problem of astigmatism and squinting eye bottom perimeter visual field balance, the discharge difficult problem of vitreous opacity eyeball metabolism rubbish effective and safe.Owing to eliminated the cause of disease that amblyopia forms, and then also eliminated simultaneously the inducement of amblyopia bounce-back.
Simultaneously, by watching attentively a hundreds of thousands of small luminous viewpoint in each luminous viewpoint in trial frame periphery and the reciprocating motion sighting target, the every flicker of luminous viewpoint once can activate thousands of visual cell optic cells simultaneously, compare the denumerable work efficiency that is activated with hundred or thousand times of raising visual cell optic cell with traditional therapy, the increase sharply deposit of retinal visual acuity promotes retinal visual acuity steadily; Lay a good foundation for eliminating visual cell optic cell function inhibition elimination amblyopia simultaneously.Visual system motion guide device of the present invention can be exempted from grating, exempts from after image, exempts from beading, exempts from the hole of having an acupuncture treatment, and exempts to hide.Simultaneously, Shorten the Treatment Process improves curative effect greatly, improves cure rate.
Note:
Six kinds of exclusive noun notes of bionical training:
1, comprehensive eye Yoga sports:
Comprehensive eye Yoga sports utilizes the bright characteristic of human eye trend, drives eyeball and does near the omnibearing adding Yoga time concept of limit of sports record and the eyeball Yoga sports of dynamics concept.When fully tempering extraocular muscles, can fundamentally improve the eyeball blood circulation, strengthen the physiological function that ill eyeball is repaired fast.
This training, also can be other training provides the threpsology to ensure.
Wherein, the comprehensive and extreme angles of luminous point is crucial.
2, the moving eyes of vision 5-linked close picture:
The moving eyes of vision 5-linked close picture, and closing as comparing with tradition three interlock eyes has increased visual angle change, brain and two links of empirical data contrast judgement.Thereby can effectively drive the adjusting of ciliary muscle and the size variation of pupil.
Be that far and near the variation when moving of same object will cause: the 5-linkeds motions such as set variation, visual angle change, brain and empirical data contrast judgement, the adjusting of ciliary muscle crystalline lens, pupil variation.More particularly, if the luminous viewpoint design on the instrument is on the same circuit board, should be to see (during set) viewpoint such as Semen phaseoli radiati size when near, see that (when view distance equals interpupillary distance) viewpoint should be also less than needle point when far away, so that guiding visual angle change when set changes, this moment is sight and far away or identical from far near by closely causing behind brain and empirical data contrast judgement, thereby can effectively drive the size variation of the lenticular adjusting of ciliary muscle and pupil.
Wherein, set is the moving key of 5-linked with the visual angle co-variation.
3, peripheral visual field stimulating exercise:
The peripheral visual field stimulation refers to that user is eyed to the front when a plurality of luminous viewpoints of peripheral visual field are glimmered simultaneously, observes flicker and the variation of the luminous viewpoint of peripheral visual field with remaining light.This process:
For the myope, can effectively increase the equator of eyeball diameter from optical angle, shorten axiallength, solve the difficult problem that the modern medicine axiallength can't shorten.Simultaneously, peripheral visual cell participation work also can effectively improve the blood circulation of peripheral visual field position sclera, increases sclera tension tension force, guarantees that from the mechanics angle axis oculi that shortens no longer is elongated.
For the farsighted person, the sanguimotor improvement of peripheral visual field corresponding site sclera can promote the growth promoter of corresponding site sclera effectively, and solving the high hypermetropia sclera can not a long difficult problem.
Wherein, angle of incidence and peripheral balance are very important.
4, visual acuity training:
The Snazzi degree is the ability that can pick out two objects that space length is very little in the visual field, can cause that the minimum parallax of depth perception is called Stereoacuity.
Visual acuity training, by the process that promotes the Snazzi degree of watching attentively to numerous small viewpoint in small sighting target in the instrument or the luminous viewpoint, this process, be conducive to the activation of the meticulous visual cell of retina, be conducive to waking up of meticulous optic cell, be conducive to user and see the lifting of the resolution capability of small angle sighting target, be of value to the deposit of retinal visual acuity, retinal visual acuity is promoted steadily.
Wherein, focus on the small visual angle that forms between sighting target and the eyeball.
5, super fineness eyesight training:
Super fineness eyesight training is continuity and the lifting of visual acuity training, is the shortcut of raising the efficiency by the modern science and technology concentration time.The luminous viewpoint of in the instrument each can be comprised of hundreds and thousands of small luminous viewpoints, so the every flicker of luminous viewpoint in the instrument once can activate thousands of visual cell optic cells simultaneously.
For the amblyopia patient, this training can high efficiency activation visual cell optic cell, can exempt from grating, exempts from the light brush, exempts from after image, exempts from the loaded down with trivial details training such as family's fineness eyesight training.
Simultaneously, according to the lens imaging principle, although numerous small viewpoint is after image is also fallen retina after the refraction in the instrument luminous viewpoint nearby, but little because of its viewpoint, angle of incidence is small, in eyeball, can not produce blur circle according to the depth of focus principle, rear depth of focus is by super prolongation, need not elongate axis oculi and can see clearly at retina and be imaged on postretinal picture.Therefore can not produce senior ophthalmologist oculist worries that traditional treatment instrument with great visual angle luminous viewpoint pulls back bathomorphic phenomenon.
In addition, super meticulous training also can assist other training to raise the efficiency.
6, respectively alternately flicker training of the luminous viewpoint of right and left eyes:
The luminous viewpoint of right and left eyes is alternately flicker training respectively, can increase chance and ability that trouble eye or weak eye participate in training, participation vision, recover vision.
Simultaneously, in the process that the luminous viewpoint of right and left eyes is alternately glimmered respectively, the persistence of vision of strong eye can be transferred the vision desire of weak eye, gets through pathways for vision, an enhancing eye brain communication capability, left and right sides brain compensatory capacity and fusion faculty.

Claims (10)

1. comprehensive bionical training system of eye diseases such as hypometropia, the comprehensive bionical training system of described oculopathy comprises a visual system motion guide device, it is characterized in that: this visual system motion guide device comprises:
Carrier;
Be positioned at the far and near reciprocating a plurality of gauge points on the carrier;
And/or, be positioned at a plurality of gauge points of housing case on the carrier;
And/or, be positioned at a plurality of gauge points on the carrier trial frame;
And/or, be positioned at the sounding component on the carrier;
And/or, be positioned at plug-in bimanualness keyboard and hands handle on the carrier;
Wherein, in use, limit visual running orbit by described gauge point, consist of six kinds of bionical training, limit not visible running orbit by described sounding component, and improve the coordination ability of visual system irritability and eye brain hands by described sounding component and plug-in bimanualness keyboard and handle; Thereby seven kinds of strength deposits of General Promotion visual system recover to keep emmetropic three essential conditions, improve the compensatory capacity of visual system function, and described six kinds of bionical training are carried out along visual running orbit and/or not visible running orbit;
Be positioned at the far and near reciprocating a plurality of gauge points on the carrier, and/or be positioned at a plurality of gauge points of housing case on the carrier, and/or a plurality of gauge points that are positioned on the carrier trial frame can use separately; Also can unite use; Also can be positioned at sounding component on the carrier and/or plug-in bimanualness keyboard and handle and unite use.
2. the comprehensive bionical training system of a kind of eye diseases such as hypometropia according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, when described visual system motion guide device be positioned over the residing space of people and and human eye between determine certain apart from the time, the described far and near reciprocating a plurality of gauge points that are positioned on the carrier, and/or be positioned at that at least part of described visual gauge point of a plurality of gauge points of housing case is positioned near the center of human eye visual range on the carrier, perhaps, the described visual gauge point of part is positioned near the center of human eye visual range, and the described a plurality of visual gauge points of part are positioned near the periphery of human eye visual range; Perhaps, the described a plurality of visual gauge point that is positioned on the carrier trial frame is positioned near the limit of human eye visual range periphery;
Described visual gauge point is luminous viewpoint, reflective viewpoint:
The described far and near reciprocating a plurality of gauge points that are positioned on the carrier are when gauge point is luminous viewpoint, by light emitting diode, liquid crystal display screen, the Organic Light Emitting Diode screen is at least a consists of;
The described a plurality of gauge points that are positioned at housing case on the carrier are when gauge point is luminous viewpoint, by light emitting diode, liquid crystal display screen, the Organic Light Emitting Diode screen is at least a consists of; When gauge point was reflective viewpoint, the LASER Light Source after transmitting illuminant is processed by light emitting diode, electric filament lamp, the graceful scattering of process is at least a to be consisted of;
The described a plurality of visual gauge point that is positioned on the carrier trial frame is when gauge point is luminous viewpoint, by electric filament lamp, light emitting diode is at least a consists of.
3. the comprehensive bionical training system of a kind of eye diseases such as hypometropia according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described visual system motion guide device also comprises a gauge point control unit, be used for the described gauge point of the form control of mechanical movement far and near reciprocating motion in certain interval, and/or when gauge point is luminous viewpoint or reflective viewpoint, be used for switching between luminous and not luminous two states with the described luminous viewpoint of certain sequential control or reflective viewpoint light source, described luminous controling unit limits described visual running orbit by the sequence of light of controlling a plurality of luminous viewpoints, and/or, be used for the described luminous viewpoint of certain sequential control greatly, between little, and bright, switch between dark, gradual change;
Described gauge point and gauge point control unit limit described visual running orbit.
4. the comprehensive bionical training system of a kind of eye diseases such as hypometropia according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described visual system motion guide device also comprises the one or more sounding components of sounding that are positioned on the described carrier, with a sound guidance unit, be used for sending the prompt tone how the prompting patient to train or inducing language with the described sounding component of certain sequential control;
The prompt tone that described sound guidance unit sends by sounding component limits described not visible running orbit.
5. the comprehensive bionical training system of a kind of eye diseases such as hypometropia according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described visual system motion guide device also comprises keyboard or the handle that is positioned at the plug-in bimanualness on the described carrier, with the type interaction that plays games of sighting target in the visual system motion guide device, and by accuracy rate and accurate response time two indexs that the intelligence training appraisal system passes through the sighting target of seeing user is given a mark, and/or as the foundation of training tense marker point size variation scope in this or a period of time, and/or make raw data and store.
6. the comprehensive bionical training system of a kind of eye diseases such as hypometropia according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, far and near reciprocating luminous viewpoint control unit on the described visual system motion guide device carrier, in the far and near reciprocating while of luminous viewpoint, with the described luminous viewpoint of certain sequential control between the large and little variation of viewpoint, many and few between, motion and static between, between flicker is bright with perseverance, switch between binocular integration, the parallel and outer bucket, gradual change;
When sighting target progressively zooms out, when progressively diminishing or diminish, sighting target becomes many, and according to vision examination data, by the increasing of distance and diminishing of sighting target, the visual angle of one or more sighting targets is transferred near the visual limit of user; For vision being had the extraordinary professional who requires such as sniper, shooter, can progressively transfer to the formed visual angle of sighting target and eyeball node place is 0.33 subangle, or 0.25 subangle;
When sighting target progressively furthers, it is large that sighting target progressively becomes, with regard to the entity sighting target, can progressively become large and be 150 subangles or 300 subangles to the formed visual angle of luminous viewpoint and eyeball node place, for the stereoscopic mark of void, can progressively become large be to the formed visual angle of luminous viewpoint and eyeball node place an angle of 90 degrees or 120 degree angles such as circle combination and thread pattern etc.;
And/or in the process of distance pulling, the periphery of the big or small continually varying master sighting target of flicker adds the smaller or greater sighting target in visual angle that does not glimmer more than, with reference to the continuous variation that goes out main sighting target size, and then drives and regulates;
When sighting target progressively zooms out, to find out near directional light, carry out relaxation training;
When sighting target progressively furthers, gather training or outer bucket training.
7. the comprehensive bionical training system of a kind of eye diseases such as hypometropia according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the far and near reciprocating luminous viewpoint control unit on the described visual system motion guide device carrier, and the far and near reciprocating speed of luminous viewpoint:
When the change of distance of only having sighting target did not have the size variation of sighting target, each circulation sets the time should be greater than 2 seconds,
When the size of the distance of sighting target and sighting target changed simultaneously, each circulation sets the time should be greater than 10 seconds.
8. the comprehensive bionical training system of a kind of eye diseases such as hypometropia according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the shape and size of housing case on the described carrier that carries a plurality of gauge points in the housing case on the carrier; Its shape comprises: cuboid, square, spherosome or the kaleidoscope positive three prism that is comprised of three illuminators; Size comprises: it is little of just the far and near reciprocating carrier of gauge point being included in wherein cuboid, square, spherosome, the positive three prism of size; It greatly comprises the far and near reciprocating carrier of user and gauge point wherein darkroom, room, half darkroom.
9. the comprehensive bionical training system of a kind of eye diseases such as hypometropia according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the constituted mode of carrier nearby that leads eyeball to do comprehensive eye Yoga sports on the described visual system motion guide device carrier comprises: the form periphery is with the simple and easy inserted sheet trial frame of luminous viewpoint, or the form periphery is with the lung head of the comprehensive optometry instrument of luminous viewpoint, or move to nearby the form periphery with the adapt transparent liquid crystal screen of luminous viewpoint of user interpupillary distance.
10. the comprehensive bionical training system of a kind of eye diseases such as hypometropia according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, on the described visual system motion guide device carrier trial frame form periphery with luminous viewpoint have the secondary substructure of luminous viewpoint, each luminous viewpoint is comprised of hundreds of at least, thousands of small luminous viewpoints;
The far and near reciprocating luminous viewpoint of described visual system motion guide device carrier is divided into entity viewpoint and empty stereoscopic point, when luminous viewpoint is at empty stereoscopic, luminous viewpoint has secondary substructure, and each luminous viewpoint is comprised of hundreds of at least, thousands of small luminous viewpoints; Or formed by the small angle lines.
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