CN101781061A - Method for plant arrangement of vertical flow and horizontal subsurface flow combined artificial wetland - Google Patents

Method for plant arrangement of vertical flow and horizontal subsurface flow combined artificial wetland Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101781061A
CN101781061A CN 201010115531 CN201010115531A CN101781061A CN 101781061 A CN101781061 A CN 101781061A CN 201010115531 CN201010115531 CN 201010115531 CN 201010115531 A CN201010115531 A CN 201010115531A CN 101781061 A CN101781061 A CN 101781061A
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flow
vertical
wetland pond
pond
horizontal drowned
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CN101781061B (en
Inventor
王崇宇
贾柠宁
卢丽杰
李楠
苏航
吕康乐
邢文超
王寅
陈寅嵩
沈文佳
路雯潇
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Hebei Agricultural University
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Hebei Agricultural University
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Abstract

The invention discloses a method for the plant arrangement of a vertical flow and horizontal subsurface flow combined artificial wetland. By adopting the method, good landscape effect and good sewage treatment effect are obtained. The horizontal subsurface flow wetland pool of the vertical flow and horizontal subsurface flow combined artificial wetland can be used for planting any one or more of the following plants: reeds, Cannan indiea, myrtles, ciliate desert grass, pokeberry, Leersia hexandra, Cyperusalternifolius and Indian mustard plants; the vertical flow wetland pool of the vertical flow and horizontal subsurface flow combined artificial wetland can be used for planting any one or more of the following plants: Juncus bufonius, willow herb, Sedum alfredii Hance, Thlaspi caerulescens, ryegrass, myrtle, ciliate desert grass, pokeberry, Leersia hexandra, Cyperusalternifolius and Indian mustard plants; the ratio of the number of plants of the vertical flow wetland pool to the number of plants of the horizontal subsurface flow wetland pool is 1:1.5-2, and after water is impounded, floating plants such as water lily and/or water hyacinth are planted on the water surface of the vertical flow wetland pool. The invention has the advantages of low cost, high treatment efficiency, easy growth and good landscape effect.

Description

Be applied to the plants configuration method of vertical current-horizontal drowned flow combined artificial wetland
Technical field
The present invention relates to the technology for treating industrial waste water field, especially a kind of plants configuration method that is applied to vertical current-horizontal drowned flow combined artificial wetland.
Background technology
Along with Chinese society rapid development of economy and quickening of urbanization process, cities and towns water imbalance between supply and demand becomes increasingly conspicuous on the one hand, and a large amount of dischargings of flood tide wastewater and sewage make that again resource of water supply is constantly polluted on the other hand, and then water quality environment is constantly worsened.The artificial swamp technology is a kind of ecological sewage treatment technology that grows up the seventies in last century, the ecosystem that utilizes engineering measure simulating nature wetland to build.Artificial swamp mainly contains matrix, plant, microorganism formation, it mainly utilizes the physics, chemistry of system mesostroma-waterplant-microorganism, biological triple synergies, realizes efficient purification to sewage by filtration, absorption, ion-exchange, plant absorbing and the microbiological degradation of matrix.Artificial swamp mainly contains surperficial streaming, vertical streaming, horizontal drowned flow formula, uses more and more widely in conjunction with the combined artificial wetland of several wetland advantages in these several years.In actual applications, China's artificial swamp appliable plant kind is less, and is bad to the decontamination effect improving of trade effluent.The plant that generally is used for sanitary sewage disposal has raupo (Typhs angustifolia), Medulla Junci (Juncuseffuses), Scirpus tabernaemontani (Schoenoplectus lacustris), calamus (Acorus calamus) or the like.These plants are for trade effluent, the higher waste water of heavy metal ion content particularly, and absorption purifying effect is limited, and in actual applications, is the plot plantation of unit with certain kind of plant often, and treatment effect is single, and landscape effect is poor.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention provides that a kind of cost is low, processing efficiency is high, easy growth, the plants configuration method that is applied to vertical current-horizontal drowned flow combined artificial wetland that landscape effect is good.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution used in the present invention is: a kind of plants configuration method that is applied to vertical current-horizontal drowned flow combined artificial wetland, it has landscape effect and wastewater treatment efficiency concurrently, and its gordian technique is that horizontal drowned flow wetland pond plants any one or a few combination of following plant: reed, beauty Jiao, Stenocalyx micheli, Herba pteridis vittatae, Phytolacca acinosa, Li Shi standing grain, cyperus alternifolius, Indian mustard; Any one or a few combination of following plant is planted in the vertical-flow wetland pond: Medulla Junci, Spiked Loosestrife, Sedum alfredii Hance, sky blue penny cress, rye grass, Stenocalyx micheli, Herba pteridis vittatae, Phytolacca acinosa, Li Shi standing grain, cyperus alternifolius, Indian mustard; The quantitative proportion of plantation plant is 1: 1.5~2 in described vertical-flow wetland pond and the horizontal drowned flow wetland pond; After treating vertical current-horizontal drowned flow combined artificial wetland pond retaining, plantation floating plant water lily and/or Herba Eichhorniae on the water surface in vertical-flow wetland pond.
Above-mentioned plants configuration method preferably is applied to the vertical current-horizontal drowned flow combined artificial wetland of following structure: the vertical-flow wetland pond is last, and horizontal drowned flow wetland pond is following, and horizontal drowned flow wetland pond is located at below the ground surface; The matrix in described vertical-flow wetland pond is followed successively by coarse sands layer, artificial mixolimnion, gravel district from top to bottom, and top, vertical-flow wetland pond is provided with water distributor, is provided with dredging flow groove at the bottom of the pond, and dredging flow groove top is porous disc, and the dredging flow groove bottom is a waterproof layer; Both sides, described horizontal drowned flow wetland pond are the gravel district, the centre is the matrix district, the matrix district is followed successively by coarse sands layer, artificial mixolimnion, coarse sands layer from top to bottom, the diaphragm that is provided with is distinguished matrix and is slit into snakelike water stream channel, the bottom, pond is provided with dredging flow groove, the dredging flow groove bottom land is provided with waterproof layer, and the water outlet position that dredging flow groove groove top is positioned at the gravel district is provided with porous disc; The vertical-flow wetland pond is communicated with via the backflow pool that is provided with horizontal drowned flow wetland pond, is provided with sump pump and underwater jet aeration machine in the backflow pool; Described waterproof layer is the plastics material, and waterproof layer is provided with and presets the hole, presets the inboard, hole and is filled with the flexible water filler.
The principle that plant is chosen among the present invention is:
1, the special structure form that is fit to vertical current-horizontal drowned flow combined artificial wetland;
2, the absorbing enriched ability to the heavy metal in the trade effluent and other pollutents is strong;
3, fast growth, with short production cycle, the biological yield height;
4, can plant repeatedly, repeatedly prune;
5, have flourishing root system tissue, and have pest-resistant, resistance against diseases.
Wherein, the Stenocalyx micheli, Herba pteridis vittatae, Phytolacca acinosa, the Li Shi standing grain, cyperus alternifolius, this several plant of Indian mustard both can have been planted in the vertical-flow wetland pond, also can plant in horizontal drowned flow wetland pond, because of its according to cultivation situation difference, the cane length of plant itself is also different, look the upgrowth situation of selected female parent, if the cane height of being cultivated is not high, less than 50cm, then should not plant in the horizontal drowned flow wetland pond in this vertical current-horizontal drowned flow combined artificial wetland, because the plant of planting in the horizontal drowned flow wetland pond need pass the vertical-flow wetland pond on upper strata.
This is because plant is the important component part of artificial swamp, in system, play a crucial role, show that mainly root system of plant discharges oxygen in matrix, root system of plant is fixing plant bed, change the waterpower transmissibility, create the biocenosis condition, aspects such as the aesthetic of landscape effect of root exudates kill pathogenic bacteria and plant.Because the difference of floristics configuration and the characteristics such as continuous variation of concentration of wastewater, the various characteristics of artificial swamp and function also can change thereupon, thereby influence treatment effect and the landscape effect of plant.Therefore we set about from plant, at vertical current---the constructional feature of horizontal drowned flow combined artificial wetland, according to experiment and practice, design above-mentioned effective plant arrangement scheme.
Adopt the beneficial effect that technique scheme produced to be: the used cost of this plants configuration method is low, the heavy metal in the trade effluent and other pollutents are had very strong absorbing enriched ability; The plant growth rate that adopts fast, the output height has enriched the Plant Diversity of artificial swamp, has landscape effect preferably.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of combined artificial wetland among the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the synoptic diagram in horizontal drowned flow wetland pond.
Fig. 3 is the vertical view of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the synoptic diagram in vertical-flow wetland pond;
Fig. 5 is the synoptic diagram of the waterproof layer in vertical-flow wetland pond;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of water distributor;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of micropore aeration pipe;
Wherein, 1, terrace face; 2, water distributor; 3, the plant in vertical-flow wetland pond; 4, the plant in horizontal drowned flow wetland pond; 5, artificial mixolimnion; 6, gravel bed; 7, the coarse sands layer in horizontal drowned flow artificial wet land pond; 8, the coarse sands layer in vertical current constructed wetland pond; 9, the dredging flow groove in vertical current constructed wetland pond; 10, water discharge pipe; 11, return line; 12, backflow pool; 13, sump pump; 14, water shoot; 15, underwater jet aeration machine; 16, micropore aeration pipe; 17, entry place gravel district; 18, artificial mixolimnion; 19, the waterproof layer in vertical current constructed wetland pond; 20, waterproof layer; 21, the coarse sands layer in horizontal drowned flow artificial wet land pond; 22, diaphragm; 23, the waterproof layer in horizontal drowned flow artificial wet land pond; 24, the dredging flow groove in horizontal drowned flow artificial wet land pond; 25, vertical-flow wetland pond; 26, horizontal drowned flow wetland pond; 27, porous disc; 28, preset the hole, cave; 29, flexible plastic water tight packing; 30, water outlet place gravel district.
Embodiment
The present invention is further detailed explanation below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments.
Embodiment 1
At Baoding Electroplate Factory Industrial Wastewater Treatment, at existing common vertical current---in the horizontal drowned flow combined artificial wetland, choose reed planting in horizontal drowned flow wetland pond, choosing Spiked Loosestrife, Herba pteridis vittatae, Sedum alfredii Hance plants in the vertical-flow wetland pond, the planting number ratio of plant is 1: 1.5 in horizontal drowned flow wetland pond and the vertical-flow wetland pond, finish plant bed preparation, treat to add the part Herba Eichhorniae again after the retaining.Remove efficient for COD, Cr, Zn, Fe, Mn and reached 76%, 80%, 81%, 76%, 86%.
Embodiment 2
At Baoding Electroplate Factory Industrial Wastewater Treatment, at existing common vertical current---in the horizontal drowned flow combined artificial wetland, choose reed, Canna generalis Bailey is planted in horizontal drowned flow wetland pond, choosing sky blue penny cress, Indian mustard, cyperus alternifolius, Spiked Loosestrife plants in the vertical-flow wetland pond, the planting number ratio of plant is 1: 2 in horizontal drowned flow wetland pond and the vertical-flow wetland pond, finish plant bed preparation, treat to add the part Herba Eichhorniae again after the retaining.Remove efficient for COD, Cr, Zn, Fe, Mn and reached 71%, 83%, 76%, 80%, 72%.
Embodiment 3
At Baoding Electroplate Factory Industrial Wastewater Treatment, at vertical current provided by the invention---in the horizontal drowned flow combined artificial wetland, choose reed planting in horizontal drowned flow wetland pond, choosing Spiked Loosestrife, Herba pteridis vittatae, Sedum alfredii Hance plants in the vertical-flow wetland pond, the planting number ratio of plant is 1: 1.5 in horizontal drowned flow wetland pond and the vertical-flow wetland pond, finish plant bed preparation, treat to add the part Herba Eichhorniae again after the retaining.Remove efficient for COD, Cr, Zn, Fe, Mn and reached 85%, 90%, 92%, 82%, 94%.
Embodiment 4
At Baoding Electroplate Factory Industrial Wastewater Treatment, at vertical current provided by the invention---in the horizontal drowned flow combined artificial wetland, choose reed, Canna generalis Bailey is planted in horizontal drowned flow wetland pond, choosing sky blue penny cress, Indian mustard, cyperus alternifolius, Spiked Loosestrife plants in the vertical-flow wetland pond, horizontal drowned flow wetland pond is 1: 2 with the planting number ratio of vertical-flow wetland pond plant, finish plant bed preparation, treat to add the part Herba Eichhorniae again after the retaining.Remove efficient for COD, Cr, Zn, Fe, Mn and reached 83%, 91%, 84%, 91%, 79%.
Also exist the domestication process simultaneously in said process, in the artificial swamp contaminate environment, make it adapt to contaminate environment gradually plant arrangement, unconformable plant is dead in the domestication process.Plant after the domestication reconfigures and has promptly formed the new plant combination.
Plants configuration method among the present invention preferably is applied in following vertical current-horizontal drowned flow combined artificial wetland, and wherein the cane length of the plant of planting in the horizontal drowned flow wetland pond is wanted and can be flowed the wetland pond by upper vertical.The structure of this vertical current-horizontal drowned flow combined artificial wetland is as follows: referring to accompanying drawing 2, accompanying drawing 3, both sides in the horizontal drowned flow wetland pond are the gravel district, wherein a side is entry place, opposite side is water outlet place, the zone that is surrounded by the water guide dividing plate is not filled up in water outlet place gravel district, and only filled the part gravel, the part gravel is added in water outlet place can effectively prevent the system obstruction, being convenient to water better discharges, 30 belows, water outlet place gravel district are provided with porous disc, water flows to dredging flow groove 24 from here, and dredging flow groove 24 tops are removed the porous disc position waterproof layer 23 is installed.Matrix is made up of coarse sands layer 7, artificial mixolimnion 18, coarse sands layer 21 from bottom to top, and artificial mixolimnion 18 is mixed by zeolite, vermiculite, cinder and forms.The diaphragm 22 that is provided with makes current form similar snakelike passage, can increase sewage treatment effect.The plant that the cane provided by the present invention of planting in the horizontal drowned flow wetland pond is long, in horizontal drowned flow wetland pond, can form plant---the micropopulation ecosystem, in matrix and root system, a large amount of superior microorganism groups be can occur, microorganism species further decomposing organic pollutant and heavy metal contaminants relied on.Be laid with matrix and micropore aeration pipe 16 in the horizontal drowned flow wetland pond, micropore aeration pipe 16 is mesh structural porous PVC breather line, carries out little aeration by micropore aeration pipe 16 to the oxygen supply of horizontal drowned flow layer by underwater jet aeration machine 15.
Referring to accompanying drawing 4, the plant that the cane provided by the present invention of planting in the vertical-flow wetland pond 25 is short, sewage evenly flows into vertical-flow wetland pond 25 through water distributor 2, pass through coarse sands layer 8, artificial mixolimnion 5, gravel bed 6 vertically downward, sharply reduce through suspended particulate content in the sewage after the processing of vertical-flow wetland pond, porous disc 27 by vertical-flow wetland pond dredging flow groove 9 upper walls imports the sluicing groove at last, flows into backflow pool 12 through water discharge pipe 10.The dredging flow groove bottom is provided with waterproof layer 19, for the water that prevents from handling flows directly into horizontal drowned flow wetland pond, simultaneously in order to guarantee that plant grows normally, should lay flexible plastic water tight packing 29 between hole, cave 28 and plant haulm presetting, as plastic cement etc., not only prevent the circulation of sewage string pond, also can guarantee plant normal growth as far as possible, do not influence efficient.What porous disc directly contacted is the gravel of big particle diameter, is difficult for stopping up, and does not need special processing.
Referring to accompanying drawing 6, water distributor 2 is provided with water distribution and is responsible for 2-1 and water distribution branch pipe 2-2 for being similar to the water distributor of " king " font.Referring to accompanying drawing 7, micropore aeration pipe is preferably the porous PVC aeration tube, and its shape also is similar to " king " font.
Referring to accompanying drawing 5, the waterproof layer of vertical-flow wetland is rubber or plastics material through special processing.Presetting the hole can pass through the stem stalk of understory.

Claims (2)

1. plants configuration method that is applied to vertical current-horizontal drowned flow combined artificial wetland, it has landscape effect and wastewater treatment efficiency concurrently, it is characterized in that: any one or a few combination of following plant is planted in horizontal drowned flow wetland pond: reed, beauty Jiao, Stenocalyx micheli, Herba pteridis vittatae, Phytolacca acinosa, Li Shi standing grain, cyperus alternifolius, Indian mustard; Any one or a few combination of following plant is planted in the vertical-flow wetland pond: Medulla Junci, Spiked Loosestrife, Sedum alfredii Hance, sky blue penny cress, rye grass, Stenocalyx micheli, Herba pteridis vittatae, Phytolacca acinosa, Li Shi standing grain, cyperus alternifolius, Indian mustard; The quantitative proportion of plantation plant is 1: 1.5~2 in described vertical-flow wetland pond and the horizontal drowned flow wetland pond; After treating vertical current-horizontal drowned flow combined artificial wetland pond retaining, plantation floating plant water lily and/or Herba Eichhorniae on the water surface in vertical-flow wetland pond.
2. the plants configuration method that is applied to vertical current-horizontal drowned flow combined artificial wetland according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described plants configuration method adopts the vertical current-horizontal drowned flow combined artificial wetland of following structure: the vertical-flow wetland pond is last, horizontal drowned flow wetland pond is following, and horizontal drowned flow wetland pond is located at below the ground surface; The matrix in described vertical-flow wetland pond is followed successively by coarse sands layer (8), artificial mixolimnion (5), gravel district (6) from top to bottom, top, vertical-flow wetland pond (25) is provided with water distributor (2), be provided with dredging flow groove (9) at the bottom of the pond, dredging flow groove (9) top is porous disc (27), and dredging flow groove (9) bottom is waterproof layer (19); Both sides, described horizontal drowned flow wetland pond are gravel district (10), the centre is the matrix district, the matrix district is followed successively by coarse sands layer (7), artificial mixolimnion (18), coarse sands layer (21) from top to bottom, the diaphragm (22) that is provided with is distinguished matrix and is slit into snakelike water stream channel, the bottom, pond is provided with dredging flow groove (23), dredging flow groove (23) bottom land is provided with waterproof layer (23), and the water outlet position that dredging flow groove (23) groove top is positioned at the gravel district is provided with porous disc; The vertical-flow wetland pond is communicated with via the backflow pool (12) that is provided with horizontal drowned flow wetland pond, is provided with sump pump (13) and underwater jet aeration machine (15) in the backflow pool (12); Described waterproof layer (19) is the plastics material, and waterproof layer (19) is provided with and presets hole (28), presets inboard, hole (28) and is filled with flexible water filler (29).
CN2010101155317A 2010-03-02 2010-03-02 Method for plant arrangement of vertical flow and horizontal subsurface flow combined artificial wetland Expired - Fee Related CN101781061B (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102515362A (en) * 2012-01-13 2012-06-27 重庆文理学院 Application of pokeberry root in purifying livestock and poultry breeding biogas slurry
CN102531187A (en) * 2012-01-18 2012-07-04 暨南大学 Method for treating domestic wastewater with combined laminated vertical flow-horizontal subsurface flow wetland
CN103193323A (en) * 2013-04-19 2013-07-10 北京市水产科学研究所 Method for ecologically remedying water by utilizing aizoon stonecrop
CN103626296A (en) * 2012-08-24 2014-03-12 上海太和水环境科技发展有限公司 Arranging method for leaf-floating vegetation in mixed-type subsurface wetland system
CN104692531A (en) * 2013-12-04 2015-06-10 北京德瑞科森环保科技有限公司 Underground water heavy metal pollution remediation device
CN104692535A (en) * 2015-02-14 2015-06-10 广东省生态环境与土壤研究所 Combined roundabout flow type constructed wetland structure
CN104986860A (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-10-21 郑州大学 Ecological treatment technology for power-free river water purification
CN109566228A (en) * 2018-12-26 2019-04-05 中国科学院华南植物园 A method of agricultural non-point source pollution ecology prevention and control phytobiocoenose is constructed by sociales of hill gooseberry

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CN1583604A (en) * 2004-06-02 2005-02-23 华南农业大学 Composite artificial wet land denitrifying and dephosphorizing method for living waste water vertical fluid-horizontal fluid
CN1686868A (en) * 2005-03-29 2005-10-26 华南农业大学 Method for treating home wastewater through artificial wetland combined vertical current with surface current
US20060243659A1 (en) * 2004-04-28 2006-11-02 Fred Svirklys Floating wetland structures for use in water remediation
CN1884139A (en) * 2006-07-03 2006-12-27 华南农业大学 Vertical current and horizontal current integrated composite artificial wetland treatment method for treating urban sewage

Patent Citations (4)

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US20060243659A1 (en) * 2004-04-28 2006-11-02 Fred Svirklys Floating wetland structures for use in water remediation
CN1583604A (en) * 2004-06-02 2005-02-23 华南农业大学 Composite artificial wet land denitrifying and dephosphorizing method for living waste water vertical fluid-horizontal fluid
CN1686868A (en) * 2005-03-29 2005-10-26 华南农业大学 Method for treating home wastewater through artificial wetland combined vertical current with surface current
CN1884139A (en) * 2006-07-03 2006-12-27 华南农业大学 Vertical current and horizontal current integrated composite artificial wetland treatment method for treating urban sewage

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102515362A (en) * 2012-01-13 2012-06-27 重庆文理学院 Application of pokeberry root in purifying livestock and poultry breeding biogas slurry
CN102531187A (en) * 2012-01-18 2012-07-04 暨南大学 Method for treating domestic wastewater with combined laminated vertical flow-horizontal subsurface flow wetland
CN102531187B (en) * 2012-01-18 2013-09-04 暨南大学 Method for treating domestic wastewater with combined laminated vertical flow-horizontal subsurface flow wetland
CN103626296A (en) * 2012-08-24 2014-03-12 上海太和水环境科技发展有限公司 Arranging method for leaf-floating vegetation in mixed-type subsurface wetland system
CN103626296B (en) * 2012-08-24 2015-08-26 上海太和水环境科技发展有限公司 The collocation method of floatingleaved vegetation in mixed type subsurface flow wetland system
CN103193323A (en) * 2013-04-19 2013-07-10 北京市水产科学研究所 Method for ecologically remedying water by utilizing aizoon stonecrop
CN104692531A (en) * 2013-12-04 2015-06-10 北京德瑞科森环保科技有限公司 Underground water heavy metal pollution remediation device
CN104692535A (en) * 2015-02-14 2015-06-10 广东省生态环境与土壤研究所 Combined roundabout flow type constructed wetland structure
CN104986860A (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-10-21 郑州大学 Ecological treatment technology for power-free river water purification
CN109566228A (en) * 2018-12-26 2019-04-05 中国科学院华南植物园 A method of agricultural non-point source pollution ecology prevention and control phytobiocoenose is constructed by sociales of hill gooseberry

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