CN203768124U - Ecological filter for micro-polluted water treatment - Google Patents

Ecological filter for micro-polluted water treatment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203768124U
CN203768124U CN201420182255.XU CN201420182255U CN203768124U CN 203768124 U CN203768124 U CN 203768124U CN 201420182255 U CN201420182255 U CN 201420182255U CN 203768124 U CN203768124 U CN 203768124U
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China
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pond
water
filter
pool
micro
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CN201420182255.XU
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Inventor
何强
吴正松
罗义涌
李彦庭
王少杰
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Chongqing University
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Chongqing University
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an ecological filter for micro-polluted water treatment. The ecological filter comprises a downstream pool (6) and an upstream pool (9), wherein aquatic plants (4) are planted at an upper layer of the downstream pool (6) and an upper layer of the upstream pool (9), a middle layer of the downstream pool (6) and a middle layer of the upstream pool (9) are filler filter layers, a lower layer of the downstream pool (6) and a lower layer of the upstream pool (9) are supporting layers, a partition wall is arranged between the downstream pool (6) and the upstream pool (9), the supporting layer of the downstream pool and the supporting layer of the upstream pool are communicated by a perforated wall (8), a perforated aeration tube (14) is mounted in the supporting layer of the upstream pool (9) and is externally connected with a blowing and aerating device (13), polluted water inflows from the upper part of a pool body of the downstream pool (6), and treated water outflows from the upper part of a pool body of the upstream pool (9). The ecological filter has the advantages that constructed wetlands and biological filters are integrated, so that suspended substances can be removed from water, and absorption and biodegradation effects on water-soluble pollutants can be achieved, thus comprehensive treatment on the polluted water is realized.

Description

A kind of ecological filter of processing for micro-polluted water
Technical field
The utility model belongs to ecological engineering of environment technical field, is specifically related to a kind of ecological filter that utilizes the synergy purifying slightly polluted water of environment project and ecological engineering technology.
Background technology
River and Lake Water etc. are a kind of Freshwater resources of preciousness, are the important sources of people's domestic water, are also a kind of natural landscape water body simultaneously, closely bound up with people's life.
Due to water body in lake, the man-made lake that is particularly present in biotope mostly is the poor unhurried current water body of mobility, water environment capacity is little, water body self-purification ability is low, and very easily contaminated (endogenous pollution source is the pollution of inner aquatic bird or animal etc. and the release of pollutants in sediments; External source source of pollution comprise rainfall runoff, resident living sewage and rubbish etc.).When water body in lake is contaminated while acquiring a certain degree, will cause body eutrophication, cause Measures of Algae in Water Body amount reproduction, water body blackening is fouled, thus ecotope around of impact and people's quality of the life.
Current, the control of polluted water has more and more been received to people's concern, but the costly income of the improvement of polluted water body is very micro-, has become a great problem that people face.In order to make the water bodys such as polluted river, lake recover good water quality, must first block entering of point-source pollution, stop the unprocessed direct discharge of sanitary sewage and rubbish; Meanwhile, need take suitable technique effectively to process contaminated water body.
At present the improvement of micropollutant water has been had to certain research, main treatment process has environmental engineering and ecological engineering.Environmental engineering method is mainly physico-chemical processes and biochemical process, and physico-chemical processes comprises: 1, coagulant sedimentation, filtration method, dosing By Bubble-floating Method; 2, sterilization and disinfection, is the growth that suppresses mushroom in water body or algae, adds a certain amount of inhibitor.Biochemical process comprises: 1, take activated sludge process and biomembrance process as basic technique and plasmodium; 2, aeration aerating method, carries out artificial aeration's reoxygenation to improve the dissolved oxygen content in water to water body, makes it keep oxygen condition, accelerates the decomposition of organic pollutants, the generation of the black smelly phenomenon of anti-water-stop body.Ecological engineering method mainly refers to Ecology method, take ecological principle as guidance, propagates the aquatic animal, plants of antipollution and strong purification function artificially, builds good aquatic ecosystem, and water quality is purified.
Environmental engineering method processing efficiency is high, is subject to seasonal effect little, but also has certain limitation: generally need to drop into a large amount of medicaments and power-equipment, need working cost higher; And environmental engineering facility has a certain impact to natural landscape; Adopt physico-chemical process to process (as sterilization) and may produce negative effect to animals and plants in water.Biochemical process is very effective to the dissolubility pollutant of removing in water body, and can not damage water ecosystem, meets the requirement of green ecological.
Ecological engineering has the features such as environmental friendliness, working cost are low, but it is subject to seasonal effect large, in the winter time with plant-growth initial stage poor processing effect or substantially there is no removal effect, therefore has equally certain limitation.
Independent environmental engineering method or ecological engineering are all difficult to the effect that reaches satisfied when processing micro-polluted river water, so environmental engineering method and ecological engineering are combined, by both mutual supplement with each other's advantages, reaching comparatively ideal stable treatment effect, is an important development direction processing from now on micro-polluted water.
In environment project, the filteration of biological filter has the suspended substance removal in water body effective, has equipment volume little, and operational management is convenient, and processing water outlet affects the features such as little to the animals and plants in water body.But conventional filtration method does not have removal effect substantially to the dissolubility pollutant in water body, dissolubility pollutant can be accumulated in water body.And the Ecological Disposal technique of artificial swamp has very strong waterplant Root Absorption, function and the rhizosphere microbial Degradation such as holds back, dissolved organic matter in water is had to good treatment effect.Therefore, utilize the mutual supplement with each other's advantages effect of biological filter and artificial swamp, artificial swamp and biological filter are combined, develop a kind of water pollution treatment device of ecological efficient, in the improvement of micro-polluted water, will have a good application prospect.
Utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is just to provide a kind of ecological filter of processing for micro-polluted water, it combines artificial swamp and biological filter, can remove the suspended substance in water body, can dissolubility pollutant in water be had and be absorbed and biological degradation again, realize the comprehensive treating process of sewage.
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is to realize by such technical scheme, it comprises downstream tank and up pond, the upper strata kind in described downstream tank and up pond is implanted with waterplant, middle level is packing filter, lower floor is supporting layer, between downstream tank and up pond, be provided with partition wall, between the supporting layer of downstream tank and the supporting layer in up pond, there is perforated wall to be communicated with, in the supporting layer in up pond, boring aeration pipe is housed, boring aeration pipe connects blast aerator outward, sewage flows into from the body top, pond of downstream tank, processes water and flows out from the body top, pond in up pond.
First pollution substance in sewage carries out preliminary absorption and holds back near the root system of plant of downstream tank, due to the reoxygenation effect of atmosphere and the oxygen effect of secreting of root system of plant, near root system of plant, form aerobic microenvironment, for supporting well bacterium, provide good growing environment, promote aerobic microbiological at matrix and root system surface amount reproduction, the dissolved organic matter of easily degrading in sewage is carried out to favourable degraded; Increase along with the downstream tank packing filter degree of depth and oxygen consumption, in downstream tank packing filter middle and lower part, form the microenvironment of anoxic-anaerobism, for the growth and breeding of hold concurrently oxygen bacterium and anerobe provides good environment, hardly degraded organic substance and not degradable organism carries out anaerobic hydrolysis digestion at this one-phase on top; Sewage after anaerobic digestion infiltrates the supporting layer of downstream tank, by perforated wall, enter in up pond, by the boring aeration pipe in the supporting layer in up pond, carry out artificial aeration's reoxygenation, most COD, ammonia nitrogen are removed at this one-phase, along with sewage upwards flows in up pond, dissolved oxygen reduces gradually, is formed with and is beneficial to denitrifying anaerobic environment, thereby reach the thorough removal to TN.Sewage after processing absorbs through emergent again on top, up pond, further guarantees effluent quality.
Preferably, the outside of downstream tank is provided with equalizing tank, water inlet pipe is equipped with at equalizing tank top, the position of bottom surface, distance adjustment pond certain altitude is provided with equalizing tank water outlet, equalizing tank water outlet connects the water inlet pipe of sump pump, the rising pipe of sump pump is the water distributor of porous, and water distributor is fixed on the body top, pond of downstream tank, and is embedded under downstream tank packing filter surface.
Sewage enters downstream tank through equalizing tank, and equalizing tank plays regulating pondage and preliminary precipitation, can remove most suspended solid material SS, reduces downstream tank below and the obstruction of up pond packing filter.
Owing to having adopted technique scheme, the utlity model has following technique effect:
The utility model combines vertical current constructed wetland and BAF, is a kind of complex ecological purification techniques that integrates physics, chemistry and biological purification method.The action principle of this complex ecological purification techniques is: by holding back, filter, the physical action such as deposition, the chemical actions such as absorption, ion-exchange, antagonism and redox reaction, and the biological action that complicated macromole is resolved into simple molecules, small molecules etc. of microorganism and aquatic animals and plants synergy, realize the degraded of pollutent and removal.
So the utility model has the advantages that: integrate artificial swamp and biological filter, can remove the suspended substance in water body, can dissolubility pollutant in water be had and be absorbed and biological degradation again, realize the comprehensive treating process of sewage.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing of the present utility model is described as follows:
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
In figure: 1. water inlet pipe; 2. equalizing tank; 3. sump pump; 4. waterplant; 5. water distributor; 6. downstream tank; 7. the supporting layer of downstream tank; 8. perforated wall; 9. up pond; 10. header; 11. outlet canals; 12. water shoots; 13. blast aerators; 14. boring aeration pipes; 15. blow-down pipes; 16. shore pipes.
Embodiment
Design of the present utility model is: more than the artificial swamp degree of depth is added and is deep to 1.6m, and artificial swamp is separated into downstream tank and up pond two portions, in bottom, up pond, carry out aeration, thereby artificial swamp and biological filter are organically combined, form a kind of water treating pond that has biological filter and artificial swamp feature concurrently, include again water inlet pre-treatment facility and go out drainage facility, forming a set of brand-new treating pond for micro-polluted water.
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the utility model is described in further detail:
As shown in Figure 1, the utility model comprises downstream tank 6 and up pond 9, the upper strata kind in described downstream tank 6 and up pond 9 is implanted with waterplant 4, middle level is packing filter, lower floor is supporting layer, between downstream tank 6 and up pond 9, be provided with partition wall, between the supporting layer 7 of downstream tank and the supporting layer in up pond, there is perforated wall 8 to be communicated with, boring aeration pipe 14 is housed in the supporting layer in up pond 9, the outer blast aerator 13 that connects of boring aeration pipe 14, sewage flows into from the body top, pond of downstream tank 6, processes water and flows out from the body top, pond in up pond 9.
The outside of downstream tank 6 is provided with equalizing tank 2, water inlet pipe 1 is equipped with at equalizing tank 2 tops, the position of distance adjustment pond 2 bottom surface certain altitudes is provided with equalizing tank water outlet, equalizing tank water outlet connects the water inlet pipe of sump pump 3, the rising pipe of sump pump 3 is the water distributor 5 of porous, water distributor 5 is fixed on the body top, pond of downstream tank 6, and is embedded under downstream tank packing filter surface.
Equalizing tank 2 bottoms arrange shore pipe 16, and to get rid of settled sludge, equalizing tank water outlet arranges filter screen, to tackle large-sized foreign material.
Header 10 is installed on 9 body tops, pond, up pond, and header 10 is embedded under packing filter surface, up pond, and header 10 outlets are positioned at the outlet canal 11 in outside, up pond.Water after processing enters receiving water body by the water shoot 12 of outlet canal 11 interior installations.
The supporting layer inner side-wall in up pond 9 is equipped with blow-down pipe 15, while needing repairing, by blow-down pipe 15, the water in downstream tank and up pond is emptying.On water inlet pipe 1, header 10 and blow-down pipe 15, valve is all installed, to carry out easily the water yield and flow rate regulation.
The utility model is underground type or semi-underground type, more than the low 30mm of aspect ratio downstream tank 6 in up pond 9, to guarantee sewage discharge smoothly under the effect of height pressure difference.Aerating apparatus is comprised of gas blower and boring aeration pipe, and the size of aeration tube and aperture are determined by actual influent quality.
Long-width ratio of the present utility model is generally being controlled between 2:1 ~ 3:1, and the pond body degree of depth is greater than 1.6m, and the safe superelevation above packing filter is 20-30mm.The pedosphere particle diameter on downstream tank 6 and 9 packing filter tops, up pond is 4-8mm, and thickness is 30-40mm; The metalling of packing filter bottom is filled by 10-20mm and the layering of two kinds of different-grain diameter rubbles of 20-30mm, and thickness is 100cm-120cm; The supporting layer limestone particle size of bottom, pond is 50-80mm, and thickness is 20-30mm.The organic pollutant that the microbial film forming on filler can be degraded in river is preferably removed ammonia nitrogen, suspended solids simultaneously.
Downstream tank 6 and the up pond 9 equal planting aquatic plants 4 in top, utilize the ecological microenvironment of root system of plant to purify waste water.According to processing requirements and local climate condition, select suitable waterplant, planting density is according to the growth characteristics Rational choice of different plants, several different plants of the miscegenation of can arranging in pairs or groups, to improve the adaptive faculty of this technique to seasonal variation, and can reach certain landscape effect.
In downstream tank 6, increase along with the packing filter degree of depth, sewage gradually becomes anoxic condition and anaerobic state by good oxygen condition, in up pond 9, due to imposed aeration device, sewage has become again oxygen condition, along with sewage up moves, oxygen in water reduces again gradually, toward anoxic condition, transforms, this process intensification that alternately occurs aerobic-anaerobic-anaerobism nitrification and denitrification process, greatly improved the denitrification effect of device.In actual moving process, also can regulate aeration rate or adopt intermittent aeration mode according to actual influent quality situation.
Ecological filter of the present utility model is by the collaborative pollutant in water of removing of physical action, chemical action and biochemical action.Physical action is mainly and holds back, filters, deposition etc.; Chemical action is mainly absorption, ion-exchange, antagonism and redox reaction etc.; Biochemical action is mainly the synergy of plant in filter tank, microorganism and microfauna etc. and the effect of biological enzyme etc., in ecological filter, microbe species is abundant, along filtrate short transverse, there is aerobic microbiological, facultative microbe, anaerobion and microfauna, in conjunction with root system of plant, form a small ecosystem, for dirty water purification provides good microenvironment.
The utility model combines environmental engineering and ecological engineering, implants the assembly of BAF in artificial swamp, obtains the ecological filter that integrates artificial swamp and BAF advantage, and its tool has the following advantages:
1), the utility model integrates physics, chemistry and biological action, have that treatment effect is good, floor space is few, green ecological, be subject to the advantages such as seasonal effect is little;
2), equalizing tank in the ecological filter device of purifying slightly polluted water of the present utility model, can effectively regulate the processing water yield, water excessive while avoiding heavy rain damages ecological filter, can also play the effect of preliminary precipitation, can alleviate the obstruction of follow-up ecological filter;
3), the water inlet of the ecological filter device of purifying slightly polluted water of the present utility model adopts how empty water distributor uniform water distribution, improved the utilising efficiency of filtrate, strengthening the wetland degree of depth can increase the effective residence time of sewage in pond and build the anaerobic environment that is applicable to denitrifying bacterium growth simultaneously, has strengthened the denitrification effect of technique;
4), the ecological filter device of purifying slightly polluted water of the present utility model is provided with boring aeration pipe in bottom, up pond, for ecological filter provides the alternately environment of aerobic-anaerobic-anaerobism, be conducive to organic removal in sewage, strengthened the removal effect of nitrogen phosphorus simultaneously;
5), the ecological filter device of purifying slightly polluted water of the present utility model deepens the artificial swamp degree of depth, can save floor space, has not to be subject to that outside air temperature affects, odorless, do not grow the advantages such as mosquitos and flies;
6), the ecological filter device of purifying slightly polluted water of the present utility model takes into full account landscape factors when design, environmental engineering and ecological engineering are incorporated in view, at ecological filter downstream tank and top, up pond, all additional plantation has ornamental plant, not only purify surface water quality, also beautified environment.

Claims (7)

1. an ecological filter of processing for micro-polluted water, it is characterized in that: comprise downstream tank (6) and up pond (9), the upper strata kind of described downstream tank (6) and up pond (9) is implanted with waterplant (4), middle level is packing filter, lower floor is supporting layer, between downstream tank (6) and up pond (9), be provided with partition wall, between the supporting layer of downstream tank and the supporting layer in up pond, there is perforated wall (8) to be communicated with, boring aeration pipe (14) is housed in the supporting layer of up pond (9), the outer blast aerator (13) that connects of boring aeration pipe (14), sewage flows into from the body top, pond of downstream tank (6), processing water flows out from the body top, pond of up pond (9).
2. the ecological filter of processing for micro-polluted water according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the outside of downstream tank (6) is provided with equalizing tank (2), water inlet pipe (1) is equipped with at equalizing tank (2) top, the position of bottom surface, distance adjustment pond (2) certain altitude is provided with equalizing tank water outlet, equalizing tank water outlet connects the water inlet pipe of sump pump (3), the water distributor (5) that the rising pipe of sump pump (3) is porous, water distributor (5) is fixed on the body top, pond of downstream tank (6), and is embedded under downstream tank (6) packing filter surface.
3. the ecological filter of processing for micro-polluted water according to claim 2, is characterized in that: equalizing tank 2 bottoms arrange shore pipe (16), and equalizing tank water outlet arranges filter screen.
4. the ecological filter of processing for micro-polluted water according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: header (10) is installed on body top, pond, up pond (9), header (10) is embedded under packing filter surface, up pond, and header (10) outlet is positioned at the outlet canal (11) in outside, up pond (9).
5. the ecological filter of processing for micro-polluted water according to claim 4, is characterized in that: the supporting layer inner side-wall of up pond (9) is equipped with blow-down pipe (15), and on blow-down pipe (15), valve is set.
6. the ecological filter of processing for micro-polluted water according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the aspect ratio downstream tank (6) of up pond (9) is low.
7. the ecological filter of processing for micro-polluted water according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the pedosphere particle diameter on downstream tank (6) and packing filter top, up pond (9) is 4-8mm, and thickness is 30-40mm; The metalling of packing filter bottom is filled by 10-20mm and the layering of two kinds of different-grain diameter rubbles of 20-30mm, and thickness is 100cm-120cm; The supporting layer limestone particle size of bottom, pond is 50-80mm, and thickness is 20-30mm.
CN201420182255.XU 2014-04-16 2014-04-16 Ecological filter for micro-polluted water treatment Expired - Fee Related CN203768124U (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103951064A (en) * 2014-04-16 2014-07-30 重庆大学 Ecological filter used for micro-polluted water treatment
CN104150597A (en) * 2014-08-27 2014-11-19 武汉大学 Anaerobic natural ventilation integrated composite vertical-flow biological water treatment filtering tank
CN104891641A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-09-09 武汉中科水生环境工程股份有限公司 Vegetation bed aeration tank sewage treatment device
CN105366892A (en) * 2015-12-09 2016-03-02 张春辉 Shallow-layer biological filter disc and filtration system composed of filter discs
CN105668943A (en) * 2016-04-01 2016-06-15 福州大学 Multistage aeration biofilter for water quality purification and purification technique thereof
CN107963723A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-04-27 广西恒晟水环境治理有限公司 A kind of more fluidised form polluted-water ecological purification systems

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103951064A (en) * 2014-04-16 2014-07-30 重庆大学 Ecological filter used for micro-polluted water treatment
CN104150597A (en) * 2014-08-27 2014-11-19 武汉大学 Anaerobic natural ventilation integrated composite vertical-flow biological water treatment filtering tank
CN104150597B (en) * 2014-08-27 2016-04-27 武汉大学 The biological water treatment filter pond of a kind of anaerobism natural ventilation integration composite vertical current
CN104891641A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-09-09 武汉中科水生环境工程股份有限公司 Vegetation bed aeration tank sewage treatment device
CN105366892A (en) * 2015-12-09 2016-03-02 张春辉 Shallow-layer biological filter disc and filtration system composed of filter discs
CN105366892B (en) * 2015-12-09 2018-04-17 东莞市恒春环保服务有限公司 The filtration system of shallow-layer formula biology filter disc and its composition
CN105668943A (en) * 2016-04-01 2016-06-15 福州大学 Multistage aeration biofilter for water quality purification and purification technique thereof
CN105668943B (en) * 2016-04-01 2018-12-25 福州大学 For the multi-stage aeration biological filter tank of purification of water quality and its purification process
CN107963723A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-04-27 广西恒晟水环境治理有限公司 A kind of more fluidised form polluted-water ecological purification systems

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Granted publication date: 20140813

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