CN101769072B - Method for making composite beam with composite beam die - Google Patents

Method for making composite beam with composite beam die Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101769072B
CN101769072B CN200910217321.6A CN200910217321A CN101769072B CN 101769072 B CN101769072 B CN 101769072B CN 200910217321 A CN200910217321 A CN 200910217321A CN 101769072 B CN101769072 B CN 101769072B
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China
Prior art keywords
stupefied
composite
die
girder
template
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Application number
CN200910217321.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101769072A (en
Inventor
陈宇新
朱元华
王志敏
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台州建筑安装工程公司
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Priority to CN200910217321.6A priority Critical patent/CN101769072B/en
Publication of CN101769072A publication Critical patent/CN101769072A/en
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Publication of CN101769072B publication Critical patent/CN101769072B/en

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Abstract

The present invention provides a method for making a composite beam with a composite beam die, belonging to the technical field of buildings. The present invention solves the problems that the existing concrete floor pouring method wastes labour, time and materials and influences construction operation space. The composite beam die comprises a template and a plurality of ribs uniformly arranged on the bottom surface of the template. The method for making a composite beam with a composite beam die is conducted by the following steps: mounting a girder, mounting a composite beam die, arranging steel ribs of the same length with that of an interface required on a template, pouring concrete to the interface required, forming an integral floor slab and removing the composite beam die after the concrete is hardened and molded. The composite beam die has the advantages of light dead weight, convenient production and manufacture, low price, capability of being repeatedly used and engineering cost reduction. The method for making a composite beam with a composite beam die is reasonable in design, saves materials required by engineering, reduces occupation space required by construction, and reduces influence on the normal conduction of other construction procedures.

Description

Composite beam die is adopted to make the method for compound beam
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of buildings, relate to a kind of multi-storey steel structure building, particularly a kind of method adopting composite beam die to make compound beam.
Background technology
Along with the fast development of economy, a large amount of buildings must be built and factory building satisfies the demands.Existing building and factory building mostly adopt steel concrete to build and form, and this traditional structure and construction method also exist from the problem such as great, bearing capacity is little, rigidity is low and working procedure is many, speed of application is slow.In order to solve the problem, so there is people to propose a kind of steel-concrete composite beam, it refers to the flexural member by shear connector, girder steel and concrete floor being combined into entirety and collaborative work, in popularization just positive at present.But still there is certain defect, still adopt traditional construction method building the concrete floor in steel-concrete composite beam, need from ground, to set up full hall steel pipe scaffold for supporting the bed die of floor plate and being delivered in the load produced in floor plate casting process.Set up full hall steel pipe scaffold not only time-consuming expense material, and affect construction operation space.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to there are the problems referred to above for existing technology, proposing one can directly be fixed on compound beam, has the composite beam die saving material.
Another object of the present invention there is provided can save the engineering time, reduce a kind of method adopting above-mentioned filtering plate mold to make filter plate of constructing and taking up room.
Object of the present invention realizes by following technical proposal: a kind of composite beam die, is characterized in that, it is stupefied that this mould comprises that template and some are uniformly set on template bottom surface.
In above-mentioned composite beam die, described stupefied comprise some masters be arranged in parallel stupefied and be fixed on main stupefied upper surface and perpendicular to main stupefied some times stupefied, above-mentioned template-setup is on secondary stupefied upper surface.
In above-mentioned composite beam die, described stupefied employing wood materials is made.
In above-mentioned composite beam die, described secondary be stupefiedly provided with steel nail, the head of a nail of steel nail is positioned at time stupefied sidepiece, and steel nail top penetrates main stupefied.
Adopt combinations thereof beam mould to make a method for compound beam, it is characterized in that the method is carried out according to the following steps:
A, installation girder steel: fixing in I-shaped girder steel on column;
B, composite beam die is installed: between every two adjacent girder steels, fix above-mentioned composite beam die make template be covered with the gap between the adjacent girder steel of two-phase and each template keeps smooth mutually;
C, the reinforcing bar that layout is elongated with required interface in template;
D, concreting, to required interface, form an all-in-one-piece floor;
E, after the sclerosis of mixed earth is shaped, remove composite beam die.
Make in the method for compound beam at above-mentioned employing composite beam die, in described steps A, girder steel comprises and is fixed on the girder on column and the secondary beam between every two adjacent girders, the two ends of secondary beam to be separately fixed on two adjacent girders and the upper surface flush of the upper surface of secondary beam and girder, above-mentioned to be stupefiedly fixed on secondary beam.
Make in above-mentioned filtering plate mold in the method for filter plate, after completing steps A, girder is provided with support column, on the bottom surface that the two ends of support column are resisted against girder respectively and ground; Then B, C, D, E step is successively continued; Finally remove above-mentioned support column.
Make at above-mentioned employing composite beam die in the method for compound beam, in described step B, composite beam die be installed and carry out according to the following steps:
A, be evenly distributed between every two adjacent secondary beams and main stupefied two ends be separately fixed on the bottom flange of two adjacent secondary beams by stupefied for some masters;
B, by some time stupefied be evenly arranged in master stupefied upper and by steel nail by secondary stupefied be fixed on main stupefied on;
C, template is laid on time stupefied on.
Make at above-mentioned employing composite beam die in the method for compound beam, in described step a, between main stupefied end face and the outside of belly of secondary beam, be provided with chock.
Make at above-mentioned employing composite beam die in the method for compound beam, remove composite beam die in described step e and carry out according to the following steps:
A, extract steel nail and remove time stupefied;
B, stripping;
C, unload chock and remove main stupefied.
Compared with prior art, the method for this composite beam die and employing composite beam die making compound beam has the following advantages:
1, composite beam die adopts wood materials to make, so have from heavy and light, manufacture convenient, cheap, the advantage that can reuse, thus effectively reduces construction costs.
Mould is fixed on girder steel by the feature that 2, this method makes full use of girder steel self structure and it is reasonable in design, and avoided in work progress the space waste needing steel pipe support and steel pipe support to cause, thus effectively save engineering material requested and reduced the space that takies needed for construction and decrease the impact that other working procedures are normally carried out.
3, this mould is by leading stupefied and secondary stupefiedly to build, and has easy construction, can shorten construction period, cost-saving, the advantage that improves overall profit.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is plan structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is sectional structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the partial enlargement structural representation in Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of support column of the present invention.
In figure, 1, column; 2, girder steel; 21, girder; 22, secondary beam; 3, stupefied; 31, main stupefied; 32, secondary stupefied; 4, template; 5, floor; 6, steel nail; 7, chock; 8, support column; 9, rubber pad; 10, ground.
Detailed description of the invention
Be below specific embodiments of the invention and by reference to the accompanying drawings, technical scheme of the present invention is further described, but the present invention be not limited to these embodiments.
As shown in Figure 3, compound beam comprise be fixed on column 1 in I-shaped girder steel 2 and build the concrete floor 5 with girder steel 2 upper surface.This composite beam die comprises stupefied 3 and template 4.
Specifically, template 4 adopts veneer, and stupefied 3 adopt wood materials to make, the lumps of wood that the present embodiment deck 3 is rectangle for its cross section.On stupefied 3 bottom surfaces being positioned at template 4 and this comprises some masters stupefied 31 and some times stupefied 32.Main stupefied 31 are evenly distributed in the bottom of template 4 and the two ends of main stupefied 31 can be fixed on girder steel 2, and the face that in main stupefied 31, area is less is bottom surface and end face and its bottom surface is resisted against on girder steel 2 bottom flange; Secondary stupefied 32 between main stupefied 31 and template 4 and the less bottom surface of secondary stupefied 32 areas and end face lean respectively at main stupefied 31 and template 4, secondary stupefied 32 are evenly distributed on the bottom surface of template 4 perpendicular to main stupefied 31.On secondary stupefied 32, be provided with steel nail 6, the head of a nail of steel nail 6 is positioned at the sidepiece of secondary stupefied 32, leaves gap, thus facilitate instrument put forth effort steel nail 6 and pull up steel nail 6 between the head of a nail of steel nail 6 and the secondary side of stupefied 32.The nail tip of steel nail 6 penetrates main stupefied 31, thus makes main stupefied 31 and secondary stupefied 32 to interfix, and the radical arranging steel nail 6 between the two can require determine according to practice of construction.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Figure 3, a kind of combinations thereof beam mould that adopts makes the method for compound beam, comprise girder steel 2 is installed, composite beam die is fixed on girder steel 2, reinforcing bar and concreting, dismounting composite beam die.
Specifically, the method making compound beam is carried out according to the following steps:
1, as shown in Figure 2, girder steel 2 comprises girder 21 and secondary beam 22; Girder 21 is fixed on column 1 and girder 21 is parallel to each other, and secondary beam 22 is evenly distributed between every two adjacent girders 21, and secondary beam 22 is perpendicular to girder 21; The two ends of secondary beam 22 to be separately fixed on two adjacent girders 21 and the upper surface flush of the upper surface of secondary beam 22 and girder 21.
2, as shown in figures 1 and 3, on girder steel 2, on bullet, the line of ink marker determines the position of placing main stupefied 31, by some masters stupefied 31 by above-mentioned line of ink marker position distribution between every two adjacent secondary beams 22 and the bottom surface (face that namely area is less) of leading stupefied 31 two ends be resisted against respectively on the bottom flange of two adjacent secondary beams 22.Chock 7 is provided with between end face main stupefied 31 and the outside of belly of secondary beam 22, chock 7 is upper thick lower sharp little short wooden stake, its sharp portion knocks in from the top in gap between the end face and the outside of belly of secondary beam 22 of master stupefied 31, thus enhances firmness fixing between main stupefied 31 and secondary beam 22.Be equipped with chock 7 at the two ends of main stupefied 31, this structure can improve main stupefied 31 firmness be fixed further, also can conveniently remove chock 7 simultaneously.
3, some times stupefied 32 are evenly arranged on a master stupefied 31, the secondary two ends of stupefied 32 extend to be made it to be positioned on some masters stupefied 31, the secondary two ends of stupefied 32 are leaned on mutually with girder 21, between every two adjacent girders 21, same vertical line at least rearrange by two times stupefied 32.Such as, as shown in Figure 1, between every two adjacent girders 21, same vertical line rearranges by two times stupefied 32, then secondary one end of stupefied 32 1 is leaned on mutually with one end of girder 21 1, and secondary one end of stupefied 32 2 is leaned on mutually with one end of girder 21 2; The secondary other end of stupefied 32 1 is connected with the secondary other end of stupefied 32 2 and secondary stupefied 32 1 is positioned at time stupefied 32 2 sides and both connecting places have overlapping portion.Again such as, between every two adjacent girders 21, same vertical line rearranges by three times stupefied 32, then secondary one end of stupefied 32 1 is leaned on mutually with one end of girder 21 1, and secondary one end of stupefied 32 3 is leaned on mutually with one end of girder 21 2; Secondary stupefied 32 1 and times stupefied 32 3 are located along the same line, secondary stupefied 32 2 be positioned at times stupefied 32 1 side and the secondary two ends of stupefied 32 2 be connected with the other end of the secondary other end of stupefied 32 1 and secondary stupefied 32 3 and there is connecting place overlapping portion respectively.
Above-mentioned master stupefied 31 and times stupefied 32 radical and cross sectional area can require to calculate according to " building construction formwork 4 technical specification of security (JGJ162-2008) ", template 4 weight, newly placed concrete weight, reinforcing bar weight and constructor and equipment load etc. should be considered in the calculation.
4, as shown in Figure 3, steel nail 6 is knocked in downwards from the secondary sides tapered of stupefied 32, and penetrate from the end face of master stupefied 31 through secondary stupefied 32, thus make secondary stupefied 32 to be fixed on main stupefied 31.
5, template 4 is covered with the gap between two adjacent girder steels 2, each template 4 mutually keeps smooth and makes the upper surface of template 4 and the upper surface flush of girder steel 2.In order to ensure template 4 upper surface can with the upper surface flush of girder steel 2, design and selection time main stupefied 31, secondary stupefied 32, template 4 three thickness addition is equal to or slightly less than the bottom flange of secondary beam 22 and the upper surface distance of secondary beam 22.If occur in practice of construction portion not with the upper surface flush of girder steel 2, chock 7 can be knocked between main stupefied 31 and the bottom flange of secondary beam 22.
6, be criss-cross arranged the reinforcing bar elongated with required interface in template 4.
7, concreting is to required interface, forms an all-in-one-piece floor 5;
8, after mixed earth sclerosis is shaped, composite beam die is removed.Remove composite beam die to carry out according to the following steps: first, steel nail 6 is extracted and is promoted secondary stupefied 32 and makes time stupefied 32 turnovers (namely the side of secondary stupefied 32 is resisted against on main stupefied 31) by use instrument, because the secondary cross section of stupefied 32 is rectangle, the rear height of secondary stupefied 32 in the vertical direction turnover is well below original height thus, thus the secondary end face of stupefied 32 just departs from the bottom surface of template 4, conveniently remove secondary stupefied 32; Then, stripping 4; Finally, unload chock 7 and remove main stupefied 31.
As shown in Figure 4, in order to construction safety and guarantee workmanship, if when calculating gained girder 21 mid-span deflection is excessive, first, complete after girder steel 2 is installed, support column 8 is set at girder 21 span centre or three branch places, on the bottom surface that the two ends of support column 8 are resisted against girder 21 respectively and ground 10, then continues above-mentioned steps successively; Finally, support column 8 is removed again after completing dismounting main stupefied 31.Support column 8 can adopt steel column or pin, applies the tight or timber wedge wedging of anvil anvil, to ensure that support column 8 effectively can control girder 21 amount of deflection between at the bottom of post and ground 10; Should pad rubber pad 9 between capital and girder 21 bottom surface, what produce when preventing from removing support column 8 goes out load.
Specific embodiment described herein is only to the explanation for example of the present invention's spirit.Those skilled in the art can make various amendment or supplement or adopt similar mode to substitute to described specific embodiment, but can't depart from spirit of the present invention or surmount the scope that appended claims defines.
Although more employ column 1 herein; Girder steel 2; Girder 21; Secondary beam 22; Stupefied 3; Main stupefied 31; Secondary stupefied 32; Template 4; Floor 5; Steel nail 6; Chock 7; Support column 8; Rubber pad 9; Ground 10 term such as grade, but do not get rid of the possibility using other term.These terms are used to be only used to describe and explain essence of the present invention more easily; The restriction that they are construed to any one additional is all contrary with spirit of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. adopt composite beam die to make a method for compound beam, it is characterized in that, composite beam die comprises template (4) and some stupefied (3) be uniformly set on template (4) bottom surface;
The method making compound beam is carried out according to the following steps:
A, installation girder steel (2): upper fixing in I-shaped girder steel (2) at column (1);
B, composite beam die is installed: between every two adjacent girder steels (2), fix above-mentioned composite beam die make template (4) be covered with gap between two adjacent girder steels (2) and each template (4) keeps smooth mutually;
C, the reinforcing bar that layout is elongated with required interface in template (4);
D, concreting, to required interface, form an all-in-one-piece floor (5);
E, until hardening of concrete be shaped after, remove composite beam die.
2. employing composite beam die according to claim 1 makes the method for compound beam, it is characterized in that, in described steps A, girder steel (2) comprises the girder (21) be fixed on column (1) and the secondary beam (22) be positioned between every two adjacent girders (21), the two ends of secondary beam (22) are separately fixed at the upper and upper surface flush of the upper surface of secondary beam (22) and girder (21) of two adjacent girders (21), and above-mentioned stupefied (3) are fixed on secondary beam (22).
3. employing composite beam die according to claim 2 makes the method for compound beam, it is characterized in that, after completing steps A, girder (21) is provided with support column (8), on the bottom surface that the two ends of support column (8) are resisted against girder (21) respectively and ground (10); Then B, C, D, E step is successively continued; Finally remove above-mentioned support column (8).
4. employing composite beam die according to claim 2 makes the method for compound beam, it is characterized in that, stupefied (3) in composite beam die comprise some the masters be arranged in parallel stupefied (31) and are fixed on main stupefied (31) upper surface and perpendicular to some times stupefied (32) of main stupefied (31), above-mentioned template (4) is arranged on the upper surface of time stupefied (32);
In described step B, composite beam die is installed to carry out according to the following steps:
A, some masters stupefied (31) are evenly distributed between every two adjacent secondary beams (22) and the two ends of main stupefied (31) and are separately fixed on the bottom flange of two adjacent secondary beams (22);
B, some time stupefied (32) to be evenly arranged in a master stupefied (31) upper and be fixed on main stupefied (31) by steel nail (6) by time stupefied (32);
C, template (4) to be laid on time stupefied (32).
5. employing composite beam die according to claim 4 makes the method for compound beam, it is characterized in that, leads between the end face of stupefied (31) and the outside of belly of secondary beam (22) and be provided with chock (7) in described step a.
6. employing composite beam die according to claim 5 makes the method for compound beam, it is characterized in that, removes composite beam die and carry out according to the following steps in described step e:
A, extract steel nail (6) and remove time stupefied (32);
B, stripping (4);
C, unload chock (7) and remove main stupefied (31).
CN200910217321.6A 2009-12-31 2009-12-31 Method for making composite beam with composite beam die CN101769072B (en)

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Cited By (2)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2019211661A1 (en) * 2018-05-03 2019-11-07 Laraki Mohamed Method for manufacturing a floor, associated floor and integrated stay-type formwork element
FR3080869A1 (en) * 2018-05-03 2019-11-08 Mohamed Laraki METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING FLOOR, FLOOR AND INTEGRATED STONE FORMING MEMBER THEREFOR

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CN102418385B (en) * 2010-09-28 2014-08-13 杨峰 Novel reinforced concrete prefabricated whole-poured building structure system and construction method thereof
CN102418381B (en) * 2010-09-28 2014-09-17 杨峰 Building structure system combined with steel beam and pre-tensioned prestressing superposed beam and construction method for building structure system
CN102418386B (en) * 2010-09-28 2014-03-12 杨峰 Reinforced concrete prefabricated integrally-cast building structure system and construction method thereof
CN102140841A (en) * 2010-12-31 2011-08-03 青岛一建集团有限公司 Construction method of building superstructure in high-rise steel-concrete mixed structure with few supporting formworks
CN103061501B (en) * 2012-12-29 2015-03-25 中建八局第二建设有限公司 Formwork supporting system for composite beam and floor-slab structure of building and construction method for formwork supporting system
CN108425491A (en) * 2018-04-10 2018-08-21 北京依德伟力建筑模板有限公司 Rigid template material and preparation method thereof, application and girder, secondary beam, vertical structure template using it

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WO2019211661A1 (en) * 2018-05-03 2019-11-07 Laraki Mohamed Method for manufacturing a floor, associated floor and integrated stay-type formwork element
FR3080869A1 (en) * 2018-05-03 2019-11-08 Mohamed Laraki METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING FLOOR, FLOOR AND INTEGRATED STONE FORMING MEMBER THEREFOR
FR3080870A1 (en) * 2018-05-03 2019-11-08 Mohamed Laraki METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING FLOOR BY FORMWORK ELEMENTS AND STRIPS, ASSEMBLY FORMING ELEMENT AND STATE AND FLOOR THEREFOR

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