CN101760963B - Antibiotic-mould proof textile fabric and method for preparing same - Google Patents

Antibiotic-mould proof textile fabric and method for preparing same Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN101760963B
CN101760963B CN2010101060073A CN201010106007A CN101760963B CN 101760963 B CN101760963 B CN 101760963B CN 2010101060073 A CN2010101060073 A CN 2010101060073A CN 201010106007 A CN201010106007 A CN 201010106007A CN 101760963 B CN101760963 B CN 101760963B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
antibiotic
textile fabric
textiles
mould proof
betaine
Prior art date
Application number
CN2010101060073A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN101760963A (en
Inventor
陈仕国
戈早川
熊美玲
李旭航
潘伟康
Original Assignee
深圳大学
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 深圳大学 filed Critical 深圳大学
Priority to CN2010101060073A priority Critical patent/CN101760963B/en
Publication of CN101760963A publication Critical patent/CN101760963A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101760963B publication Critical patent/CN101760963B/en

Links

Abstract

The invention discloses antibiotic-mould proof textile fabric, which is obtained by attaching organic silicon betaine onto a common antibiotic-mould proof textile fabric. The preparation method comprises the following steps of: 1, soaking the textile fabric in antibiotic finishing solution or brushing or spraying the antibiotic finishing solution on the textile fabric; 2, drying or air-drying the textile fabric processed by the step 1; and 3, washing and shaping the sample obtained by the step 2, and then drying the sample to obtain the finished product. In the antibiotic-mould proof textile fabric, the organic silicon betaine is guaranteed not to be lost in a washing process and the drug resistance in microorganisms is not generated, so that the textile fabric possesses sustained and highly efficient antibiotic, mould-proof and deodorization properties and hydrophilic property, the comfort of the textile fabric is improved, and simultaneously, and the breaking strength and the elongation at break of the textile fabric are not affected; and the preparation method is simple, easily operated and controlled and suitable for industrialized production.

Description

A kind of antibiotic-mould proof textile fabric and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of textiles and preparation method thereof, relate to antibiotic-mould proof textile fabric and preparation method thereof specifically.
Background technology
Textiles can absorb effluents such as the sweat, sebum of human secretory, under the suitable environment of temperature and humidity, the microorganism that resides on the textiles can breed in a large number, decompose human secretion, generation ammonia etc. has the material of peculiar smell, or generates bacterial plaque on fabric, so that in dress or application process, human body is produced discomfort or harmful effect, textiles is produced go mouldy, embrittlement even rotten.Along with the development of society and the raising of people's living standard, produced the new market demand, the consumer wishes that textiles has antibacterial functions, to satisfy the comfortable living needs of civilization.In textiles, natural fabric is better and comfortable and easy to wear than synthetic fiber moisture absorbing and sweat releasing performance, and underclothes such as people's underwear, socks, towel, the sheet overwhelming majority adopts natural fiber material, so natural fiber material becomes the main product of antibiotic fabric.Antibiotic fabric is meant under the prerequisite that does not change sense organ of fabric own or physical and chemical character (as intensity, water imbibition, feel, aberration), use various antiseptics that fabric is carried out antibiotic processing, it is rotten not only to make fibrous material itself can resist microbial decomposition, also can make attached to microorganism devitalization on the fabric or excessive multiplication not, improved the quality of textiles and consumer's quality of life, made antibiotic fabric also enter household consumption product ranks.
Antibacterial product in the market is to adopt three kinds of methods to produce basically: the one, and antiseptic is added make anti-bacterial fibre in the spinning material earlier, make various antibacterial fabrics then.This method antibacterial effect is lasting, and washability is good, but with high content of technology, and difficulty is big, and it is wide to relate to the field, antiseptic is required high; Be commonly used to produce synthetic fibrid series products.The 2nd, behind fabric printing, add antiseptic (often being called as antibacterial finishing agent) in the arrangement process, make various antibacterial fabrics then.This method processed is comparatively simple, and washability and antibacterial effect persistence are relatively poor.The 3rd, antiseptic is joined make anti-bacterial fibre in the spinning material earlier, behind fabric printing, add antibacterial finishing agent in the arrangement process again, make various antibacterial fabrics then, this method is only used in the specialities with high anti-microbial property requirement, has limited the scope of application.
Natural fabric (comprising cotton, fiber crops, hair, silk etc.) material is owing to be difficult to reach by fibre modification the effect of antibacterial deodourizing, and up to the present, the antibacterial deodourizing technology of natural fibre products still arrangement later on is main.Antiseptic commonly used mainly contains inorganic, organic, natural and polymer antibacterial agent four big classes.Inorganic antiseptic mostly is the heavy metal ion antiseptic, wherein again based on silver ion and compound thereof.Inorganic antiseptic belongs to the dissolution type antiseptic, its antibiotic mechanism is the antibiotic mechanism of ion slowly-releasing, in use promptly, the antibacterial activity ion slowly discharges, combine by metal ion activity destruction bacterial cell membrane or with the groups such as sulfydryl of bacterial enzyme albumen, the activity of destructive enzyme, thereby performance antibacterial action.The antiseptic that these heavy metal compositions are made has the anxiety of the heavy metal pollution that causes textiles.The heavy metal that contains on the antibacterial fabric, majority belongs to free state, though its stripping property is not high, prolonged application may work the mischief to human body.Because it can discharge also and contact skin from fiber surface, infiltrating human body by skin pore accumulates in liver, kidney, the heart, brain and the bone in human body, when the heavy metal in the involved organs runs up to certain degree, just can cause irreversible damage to healthy body.So Hg, Ag, harmful heavy metal ion pair human bodies such as Cu have stronger damaging effect.Also have some inorganic antiseptics, though good antibacterial performance is arranged, because of not forming firm bonding state with fiber, not water-fast washing eliminated gradually.
Organic antibacterial agent be mainly compounds such as quaternary ammonium salt, alcohols, halogen amine, biguanides, have instant effect, the characteristics that sterilization can be strong are wherein again based on quaternary ammonium salt.The quaternary ammonium salt chemism is lower, exists with free state basically during application, and toxicity is bigger, and excitant is also stronger.It is applied on the textiles as antiseptic is dissolution type, and heat resistance is relatively poor, easily migration, and easy wash-out, and also easily in human body surface enrichment gradually, the long-term use easily produces pathology, generation microorganism anti-(resisting) property of medicine.Patent [89104903] discloses a kind of quaternary ammonium salt antiseptic WS-8810.This antiseptic has epoxy isoreactivity group, can with active hydrogen group reactions such as hydroxyl in the fiber, amino, its preparation process complexity, and added the raw material that a large amount of formaldehyde, benzyl chloride, benzyl amine etc. have high toxic and side effect in the preparation process, if purification process is incomplete, can bring a lot of toxic and side effects.And also trouble relatively of finishing technique, need carry out at high temperature, unavoidably the performance to fiber itself produces certain adverse effect.In addition, WS-8810 is yellow to pale brown look thick liquid, easily makes the textiles variable color, and influences the color and luster of textiles itself.
Natural antibacterial agent comes from natural extract, and as [Chinese patents 200410046060] such as shitosans, its main antibiotic mechanism is considered to similar with the organic quaternary ammonium salt class, but effect is not so good as organic antibacterial agent, and product is still immature.Polymer antibacterial agent is that people carry out MOLECULE DESIGN according to the antibiotic mechanism of organic antibacterial agent and natural polymer antiseptic, combine the characteristics of organic antibacterial agent and natural polymer antiseptic synthetic, mainly comprise the macromolecule of synthetic pyridine type main chain, the polyolefine material and the modification PS-polystyrene hydantoin (POLY1) of band pyridine side group, be in the research starting stage at present.
Though (be called for short: DC-5700) natural textile is put in order report to some extent, the bio-enzyme immobilization technology has adopted H to bio-enzyme immobilization technology and 3-(trimethoxy monosilane) propyl-dimethyl octadecyl ammonium chloride 2O 2Or NaIO 4Etc. the more intense oxidizer treatment textiles of oxidisability, then lysozyme is being fixed on the textiles, this method is damaged fiber, thereby influences the physical property (as ultimate strength) of textiles itself.Have a large amount of solvent methanols in the DC5700 treatment fluid, also produce methyl alcohol in the processing procedure, these bring potential safety hazard to health of people.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to overcome the above-mentioned deficiency of prior art, a kind of antibiotic-mould proof textile fabric is provided, this antibiotic-mould proof textile fabric has guaranteed that the organosilicon betaine can not run off in washing process, can not produce drug resistance to microorganism, thereby give the antibacterial, moldproof, anti-odour performance and the hydrophily of product persistent high efficiency, increase the textiles comfort, can not damage the ultimate strength and the elongation at break of textiles simultaneously.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of preparation method of antibiotic-mould proof textile fabric.
In order to realize the foregoing invention purpose, technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
Antibiotic-mould proof textile fabric provided by the invention has the organosilicon betaine on this antibiotic-mould proof textile fabric.
Above-mentioned organosilicon betaine is that in organosilicon sulfonate betaine, the organosilicon carboxylic acid type betaine one or both are composite.
Described organosilicon betaine contains response type functional group siloxanes, and (I) is as follows for its general formula:
Wherein, R 1Representative-CH 3Or-CH 2CH 3
R 2Representative-OR 1,-CH 3Or-CH 2CH 3
R 3Representative-(CH 2) mNH (CH 2) n, m wherein, n=1~6 or-(CH 2) p, p=1~10 wherein;
R 4Representative is-(CH 2) qCH 3, wherein q=0~17 or-H;
R 5Representative-(CH 2) qCH 3, wherein q=0~17 or-H;
R 6Representative-(CH 2) rNH (CH 2) t, r wherein, t=1~10, or-(CH 2) u, u=1~6 wherein;
Y representative-COO ,-SO 3
The preparation method of antibiotic-mould proof textile fabric of the present invention may further comprise the steps:
1) textiles is placed the antibiotic finishing solution that contains the organosilicon betaine flood 10s~360min;
2) textiles that step (1) is handled dries or dries;
3) step (2) gained sample is cleaned the back typing, the dry again finished product that gets.
Wherein, preferred 10~120min of time that textiles floods in the antibiotic finishing solution that contains the organosilicon betaine in the step (1).
Above-mentioned textiles after step (2) is handled also can place antibiotic finishing solution to flood 10s~360min once more, and preferred 10~120min cleans the dry finished product that gets of typing then.
The another kind of preparation method of antibiotic-mould proof textile fabric of the present invention may further comprise the steps:
1) on textiles, brushes or sprays the antibiotic finishing solution that contains the organosilicon betaine;
2) textiles that step (1) is handled dries or dries;
3) step (2) gained sample is cleaned the dry finished product that gets of typing.
Can also carry out on the above-mentioned textiles after step (2) is handled brushing for the second time or spraying contains the antibiotic finishing solution of organosilicon betaine, dry again or dry, clean the dry finished product that gets of typing then; Described brushing is the even or non-homogeneous antibiotic finishing solution of smearing on textiles, and this antibiotic finishing solution is smeared consumption and can be adjusted flexibly according to demand of practical production; Described spraying is the antibiotic whole liquid of even or non-homogeneous sprinkling on textiles, and this antibiotic finishing solution is sprayed consumption and can be adjusted flexibly according to demand of practical production.
Above-mentioned antibiotic finishing solution component is by mass percentage:
Organosilicon betaine: 0.5~20%
Organic solvent: 80~99.5%.
Oven dry among several preparation methods of above-mentioned antibiotic-mould proof textile fabric is in the temperature range that textiles can bear, and is preferred below 120 ℃.
Above-mentioned solvent ethyl acetate, butyl acetate, chloroform, carrene, oxolane, acetone, butanone, ethanol, normal propyl alcohol, n-butanol, dimethyl formamide, dimethylacetylamide, one or more of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO).Most preferred ethanol.
The present invention is owing to adopted the organosilicon betaine as antiseptic, and corresponding preparation method, makes the present invention compared with prior art possess following advantage:
The hydroxyl isoreactivity group of textile surface and the response type group siloxane group generation chemical reaction on the organosilicon betaine and with the organosilicon betaine firm be chemically bound in textile surface, make that product washability of the present invention is strong, thereby give the antibacterial, moldproof, anti-odour performance of its persistent high efficiency;
2. the organosilicon betaine has kept organosilyl flexibility, the antibacterial fabric after the processing, and feel is better;
3. because the organosilicon betaine is one or more in organosilicon sulfonate betaine, the organosilicon carboxylic acid type betaine, contain on its molecular formula-COO -Or-SO 3 -Therefore hydrophilic radical has further improved the hydrophily and the moisture retention of textiles, increases comfort;
4. because therefore organosilicon betaine good heat resistance causes the heat resistance of product of the present invention excellent, conventional sterilization and flatiron typing are handled and are not influenced antibacterial and mouldproof performance of the present invention;
5. technical security practicality.The true border of organosilicon betaine antiseptic innocuous substance is to the skin nonirritant.In addition, because the organosilicon betaine be can immobilized non-stripping property antiseptic, can not destroy the resident flora (the protection human body is avoided the barrier that harmful microorganism is attacked) of human body skin; Therefore product of the present invention is nontoxic, safe.
6. the preparation method is simple, is easy to operate and control, and is suitable for suitability for industrialized production.
The specific embodiment
In order to make the technical problem to be solved in the present invention, technical scheme and beneficial effect clearer,, the present invention is further elaborated below in conjunction with embodiment.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein only in order to explanation the present invention, and be not used in qualification the present invention.
Antibiotic-mould proof textile fabric provided by the invention has the organosilicon betaine on this antibiotic-mould proof textile fabric.This organosilicon betaine is that in organosilicon sulfonate betaine, the organosilicon carboxylic acid type betaine one or both are composite, when the organosilicon betaine was the mixture of organosilicon sulfonate betaine and organosilicon carboxylic acid type betaine, both mass ratios can be any ratio.
Above-mentioned organosilicon betaine contains response type functional group siloxanes, and (I) is as follows for its general formula:
Wherein, R 1Representative-CH 3Or-CH 2CH 3
R 2Representative-OR 1,-CH 3Or-CH 2CH 3
R 3Representative-(CH 2) mNH (CH 2) n, m wherein, n=1~6 or-(CH 2) p, p=1~10 wherein;
R 4Representative is-(CH 2) qCH 3, wherein q=0~17 or-H;
R 5Representative-(CH 2) qCH 3, wherein q=0~17 or-H;
R 6Representative-(CH 2) rNH (CH 2) t, r wherein, t=1~10, or-(CH 2) u, u=1~6 wherein;
Y representative-COO ,-SO 3
The preparation method of this organosilicon betaine is:
1) produce the organosiloxane that contains tertiary amine, and with this contain the organosiloxane of tertiary amine and reactant B under agitation, in the environment of 20~80 ℃ of temperature sustained response 1~48h, white deposit;
2) above-mentioned white precipitate material is filtered or centrifugation, get the organosilicon betaine, promptly make target product;
Above-mentioned reactant B is to be selected from propane sultone, butyl sultone, acrylic acid, β-propionic acid lactone, X (CH 2) vSO 3 -, or X (CH 2) vCO 2 -In a kind of, wherein X is Br, Cl or I, v is the positive integer more than or equal to 1.
Above-mentioned preparation method's typical synthetic route chart is:
In the above-mentioned preparation process, the preparation method who wherein contains the organosiloxane of tertiary amine is: get (R 1O) 2R 2SiH and reactant A under 20~80 ℃ of temperature, carry out hydrosilylation under the effect of platinum group catalyst, stir, and reaction duration 1~48h, promptly; R wherein 1Be to be selected from-CH 3Or-CH 2CH 3, R 2Be to be selected from-OR 1,-CH 3Or-CH 2CH 3Reactant A is the alkene that contains tertiary amine, preferred DMAA or diethyl allyl amine.
In the above-mentioned preparation process, wherein said platinum group catalyst is to be selected from chloroplatinic acid catalyst, SiO 2Loaded platinum catalyst, activated carbon supported type platinum catalyst or Karstedt type platinum catalyst.
In the above-mentioned preparation process, wherein contain tertiary amine organosiloxane the preparation method also can for: get (R 1O) 2R 2SiR 3X and R 4R 5NH under 20~80 ℃ of temperature, adds the NaOH/ aqueous isopropanol as catalyst, and under agitation reacts duration 2~24h, promptly; Wherein, R 1Be-CH 3Or-CH 2CH 3R 2Be-OR 1,-CH 3Or-CH 2CH 3R 3Be to be selected from-(CH 2) p, p=1~10 wherein; R 4Be-(CH 2) qCH 3, q=0~17 wherein; R 5Be-(CH 2) qCH 3, q=0~17 wherein; X is Br, Cl or I.
The preparation method of antibiotic-mould proof textile fabric of the present invention may further comprise the steps:
1) textiles is placed the antibiotic finishing solution that contains the organosilicon betaine flood 10s~360min, preferred 10~120min;
2) textiles that step (1) is handled dries or dries;
3) step (2) gained sample is cleaned the back typing, the dry again finished product that gets.
Further, above-mentioned textiles after step (2) is handled also can place antibiotic finishing solution to flood 10s~360min once more, and preferred 10~120min cleans the dry finished product that gets of typing then.
Above-mentioned dipping is that textiles is immersed in the antibiotic finishing solution, and the consumption of antibiotic finishing solution can be the amount doesn't matter according to actual conditions, but the minimum amount limit is that textiles is soaked.
The another kind of preparation method of antibiotic-mould proof textile fabric of the present invention may further comprise the steps:
1) brush or spray the antibiotic finishing solution that contains the organosilicon betaine on textiles, antibiotic finishing solution is sprayed consumption and can be adjusted flexibly according to demand of practical production;
2) textiles that step (1) is handled dries oven dry, can also carry out on the textiles after the processing brushing second time or spraying, and dries then or dries;
3) step (2) gained sample is cleaned the dry finished product that gets of typing.
Above-mentioned antibiotic finishing solution component is by mass percentage:
Organosilicon betaine: 0.5~20%
Organic solvent: 80~99.5%.
Textiles among several preparation methods of above-mentioned antibiotic-mould proof textile fabric is after antibiotic finishing solution is handled, can pass through the roll compacting effect of padding machine earlier, unnecessary antibiotic finishing solution on the recovery section textiles, antibiotic finishing solution after reclaiming is utilized once more, dry again, dry or mode such as oven dry is carried out drying, can certainly not roll compacting, directly will the textiles after antibiotic finishing solution is handled dry, dry or mode such as oven dry is carried out drying.Described oven dry is in the temperature range that textiles can bear, and is preferred below 120 ℃.The preferred natural fabric of textiles, antibacterial and mouldproof effect, flexibility, moisture retention are more.The organic solvent ethyl acetate, butyl acetate, chloroform, carrene, oxolane, acetone, butanone, ethanol, normal propyl alcohol, n-butanol, dimethyl formamide, dimethylacetylamide, one or more of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), most preferred ethanol.
The dress of antibacterial fabric should be not a cost with the micro-ecological environment that destroys the human body skin mucous membrane, in case balance is broken, promptly may cause skin infection or other diseases, with the serious threat mankind's inherently safe and economic sustainable development.May bring security hidden danger.If dress preparation bad, constantly discharge the antibiotic fabric of antibacterials, destroyed the balance of the normal flora of human body pore and skin, will make skin lose the intrinsic barrier action of resisting external microorganism encroach, thereby reduce immunity of organisms; The prolonged application of low dosage antibacterials can be induced microbial variation, increases to produce chemical sproof probability.So the desired characteristics of antibacterial finishing agent is: (1) has the function of good inhibition, sterilization, sterilization and deodorizing, has broad-spectrum antimicrobial effect.(2) the antibacterial effect resistance to persistence is strong, anti-rinsing and Exposure to Sunlight.(3) human body is not had side effects, nontoxic, free from environmental pollution.(4) do not influence the style and features of textiles itself, do not damage fiber, do not influence the effect of other textile auxiliaries.(5) using method of antiseptic is easy, cost is low, has compatibility with other finishing agents.
Therefore; from the view of security; antibacterial fabric of the present invention adopts non-dissolving-out technology; utilize the siloxane group and the textiles of organosilicon betaine; the hydroxyl isoreactivity radical reaction on natural fabric surface particularly; with the organosilicon betaine firm be chemically bound in textile surface; make that product washability of the present invention is strong; thereby give the antibacterial, moldproof, anti-odour performance of its persistent high efficiency; because the organosilicon betaine is can immobilized non-stripping property antiseptic; can not destroy the resident flora (the protection human body is avoided the barrier of harmful microorganism invasion and attack) of human body skin, product safety is reliable.
Because organosilicon betaine energy and textiles in the antibiotic finishing solution of the present invention, the particularly fibre chemistry combination in the natural fabric, can effectively improve the flexibility of fiber, feel is better, do not contain simultaneously the material that damages textile fiber, therefore can not damage the ultimate strength and the elongation at break of textiles.
Organosilicon betaine of the present invention is one or both in organosilicon sulfonate betaine or the organosilicon carboxylic acid type betaine, contains on its molecular formula-COO -Or-SO 3 -Deng hydrophilic radical, therefore further improved the hydrophily and the moisture retention of textiles, increase comfort; Because therefore organosilicon betaine good heat resistance causes the heat resistance of product of the present invention excellent, conventional sterilization and flatiron typing are handled and are not influenced antibacterial and mouldproof performance of the present invention.
Learn that through test product is after 50 washings, its antibacterial activity still keeps more than 90%.Before and after the arrangement, do not damage the ultimate strength and the elongation at break of textiles, under the appropriate parameters condition, also significantly increased the ultimate strength and the elongation at break of product of the present invention.
The present invention can be widely used in fields such as the arrangement of clothes anti-bacteria wet keeping, medical and health use non-weaving cloth antibacterial treatment.
Embodiment 1
(1) configuration of antibiotic finishing solution (mass ratio):
The organosilicon sulfonate betaine, 20.0%
Structural formula is as follows: (CH 3CH 2O) 3Si (CH 2) 3 +N (CH 3) 2(CH 2) 3SO 3 -
Ethanol: 80.0%;
The bath raio of sample and dressing liquid is 1: 30;
(2) pending textiles be impregnated in the above-mentioned antibiotic finishing solution 10 minutes;
(3) textiles that step (2) is handled is 120 ℃ of oven dry;
(4), promptly get the durable antibiotic mildew-resistant textiles of preserving moisture with after the cleaning of step (3) gained sample, typing, the drying.
Performances such as its anti-microbial property, hydrophily, moisture content and mechanical property are shown in subordinate list 1 and table 2.
Embodiment 2
(1) configuration of antibiotic finishing solution (mass ratio):
The organosilicon sulfonate betaine, 5.0%
Structural formula is as follows: (CH 3CH 2O) 3SiCH 2 +N (CH 2CH 3) 2(CH 2) 3SO 3 -
Ethyl acetate: 95.0%;
The bath raio of sample and dressing liquid is 1: 50;
(2) pending textiles be impregnated in the above-mentioned antibiotic finishing solution 20 seconds;
(3) textiles that step (2) is handled dries under room temperature naturally;
(4) step (3) gained sample be impregnated in once more in the above-mentioned antibiotic finishing solution 20 seconds;
(5), promptly get the durable antibiotic mildew-resistant textiles of preserving moisture with after the cleaning of step (4) gained sample, typing and the drying.
Performances such as its anti-microbial property, hydrophily, moisture content, poisture-penetrability and mechanical property are shown in subordinate list 1 and table 2.
Embodiment 3
(1) configuration of antibiotic finishing solution (mass ratio):
The organosilicon sulfonate betaine, 0.5%
Structural formula is as follows: (CH 3O) 3Si (CH 2) 3 +N (CH 3) 2(CH 2) 3CO 2 -
Carrene: 99.5%;
The bath raio of sample and dressing liquid is 1: 20;
(2) pending textiles be impregnated in the above-mentioned antibiotic finishing solution 360 minutes;
(3) textiles that step (2) is handled is 100 ℃ of oven dry;
(4), promptly get the durable antibiotic mildew-resistant textiles of preserving moisture with after the cleaning of step (3) gained sample, typing, the drying.
Performances such as its anti-microbial property, hydrophily, moisture content, poisture-penetrability and mechanical property are shown in subordinate list 1 and table 2.
Embodiment 4
(1) configuration of antibiotic finishing solution (mass ratio):
Organosilicon carboxylic acid type betaine, 2.0%
Structural formula is as follows: (CH 3CH 2O) 2SiCH 3(CH 2) 3 +N (CH 3) 2(CH 2) 2COO -
Oxolane: 98.0%;
(2) adopt the mode of brushing to be coated on the pending cotton textiles the described antibiotic finishing solution of step (1);
(3) textiles that step (2) is handled is 60 ℃ of oven dry;
(4), promptly get the durable antibiotic mildew-resistant textiles of preserving moisture with after the cleaning of step (3) gained sample, typing, the drying.
Performances such as its anti-microbial property, hydrophily, moisture content, poisture-penetrability and mechanical property are shown in subordinate list 1 and table 2.
Embodiment 5
(1) configuration of antibiotic finishing solution (mass ratio):
The organosilicon sulfonate betaine, 0.80%
Structural formula is as follows: (CH 3CH 2O) 3SiCH 2 +N (CH 3) 2(CH 2) 3SO 3 -
Butanone: 99.2%;
(2) adopt the mode of spraying to be coated on the pending cotton textiles the described antibiotic finishing solution of step (1), textiles is little wet;
(3) textiles that step (2) is handled dries under room temperature naturally;
(4), promptly get the durable antibiotic mildew-resistant textiles of preserving moisture with after the cleaning of step (3) gained sample, typing, the drying.
Performances such as its anti-microbial property, hydrophily, moisture content, poisture-penetrability and mechanical property are shown in subordinate list 1 and table 2.
Embodiment 6
(1) configuration of antibiotic finishing solution (mass ratio):
Organosilicon sulfonate betaine and organosilicon carboxylic acid type betaine are 1: 3 mixture by mass ratio, 8%; Dimethyl formamide: 92%;
(2) adopt the mode of spraying to be coated on the pending cotton textiles the described antibiotic finishing solution of step (1), textiles is little wet.
(3) textiles that step (2) is handled dries under room temperature naturally;
(4), promptly get the durable antibiotic mildew-resistant textiles of preserving moisture with after the cleaning of step (3) gained sample, typing, the drying.
Embodiment 7
(1) configuration of antibiotic finishing solution (mass ratio):
Organosilicon sulfonate betaine and organosilicon carboxylic acid type betaine are 8: 5 mixture by mass ratio, 1: 5 by volume mixed solvent of 18% ethanol and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO): 82%
(2) adopt the mode of spraying to be coated on the pending cotton textiles the described antibiotic finishing solution of step (1), textiles is little wet;
(3) textiles that step (2) is handled is in 120 ℃ of oven dry;
(4), promptly get the durable antibiotic mildew-resistant textiles of preserving moisture with after the cleaning of step (3) gained sample, typing, the drying.
Embodiment 8
Take by weighing 98.6g triethoxysilane [(CH 3CH 2O) 3SiH] join in the three neck boiling flasks that have magnetic agitation and reflux, add chloroplatinic acid/isopropyl alcohol catalyst of 0.2ml after, Dropwise 5 1.2g DMAA [CH under magnetic agitation and 50 ℃ of temperature 2=CHCH 2N (CH 3) 2], and the beginning calculating reacting time, stop heating behind the reaction 4h, the dropping propane sultone [ Hereinafter to be referred as 1,3-PS] 73.2g (being dissolved in the 400mL absolute ethyl alcohol), continue reaction 10h under 30 ℃ of temperature, get white precipitation, centrifugation is purifying for several times, gets the organosilicon sulfonate betaine, and its structural formula is:
(CH 3CH 2O) 3Si(CH 2) 3 +N(CH 3) 2(CH 2) 3SO 3 -
Through small white mouse acute oral toxicity experiment (5000mg/kg), the no phenomena of mortality, through the disposable intact skin irritant test of rabbit, the highest SI that is tried skin is 0, the true border of present embodiment product innocuous substance is to the contact skin nonirritant.
Embodiment 9
Take by weighing 107.6g methyldiethoxysilane [(CH 3CH 2O) 2CH 3SiH] join in the three neck boiling flasks that have magnetic agitation and reflux, behind the Karstedt type platinum catalyst of adding 0.20g, under magnetic agitation He under 20 ℃ of temperature, slowly drip 68.2g DMAA [CH with dropping funel 2=CHCH 2N (CH 3) 2], and the beginning calculating reacting time, stopping heating after the reaction 24, filtration under diminished pressure reclaims catalyst, collects filtrate then, and drips 93.2 sodium chloroacetate [ClCH in filtrate 2CO 2Na] (being dissolved in the 400mL absolute ethyl alcohol), react 10h under 30 ℃ of temperature, get white precipitation, centrifugation is purifying for several times, gets organosilicon carboxylic acid type betaine.Its structural formula is:
(CH 3CH 2O) 2SiCH 3(CH 2) 3 +N(CH 3) 2CH 2CO 2 -。Through small white mouse acute oral toxicity experiment (5000mg/kg), the no phenomena of mortality, through the disposable intact skin irritant test of rabbit, the highest SI that is tried skin is 0, the true border of present embodiment product innocuous substance is to the contact skin nonirritant.
The antibiotic property of table 1 antibacterial fabric and moisture content
*Annotate: S.aureus:AATCC 6538 E.coli:8099 C.albicans:AATCC 10231
The mechanical property of table 2 antibacterial fabric, hydrophily and poisture-penetrability
*Annotate: the ambient humidity of hydrophily test is 50%, and temperature is 23 ℃.
Difference is to compare gained with the cloth that is untreated, and+expression increases, and-expression descends.
The above only is preferred embodiment of the present invention, not in order to restriction the present invention, all any modifications of being done within the spirit and principles in the present invention, is equal to and replaces and improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (13)

1. an antibiotic-mould proof textile fabric is characterized in that: have the organosilicon betaine on described antibiotic-mould proof textile fabric;
Described organosilicon betaine contains response type functional group siloxanes, and (I) is as follows for its general formula:
Wherein, R 1Representative-CH 3Or-CH 2CH 3
R 2Representative-OR 1,-CH 3Or-CH 2CH 3
R 3Representative-(CH 2) mNH (CH 2) n, m wherein, n=1~6 or-(CH 2) p, p=1~10 wherein;
R 4Representative is-(CH 2) qCH 3, wherein q=0~17 or-H;
R 5Representative-(CH 2) qCH 3, wherein q=0~17 or-H;
R 6Representative-(CH 2) rNH (CH 2) t, r wherein, t=1~10, or-(CH 2) u, u=1~6 wherein;
Y representative-COO ,-SO 3
2. antibiotic-mould proof textile fabric according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described organosilicon betaine is one or both in organosilicon sulfonate betaine, the organosilicon carboxylic acid type betaine.
3. the preparation method of the arbitrary described antibiotic-mould proof textile fabric of claim 1 to 2 may further comprise the steps:
1) textiles is placed the antibiotic finishing solution that contains the organosilicon betaine flood 10s~360min;
2) textiles that step (1) is handled dries or dries;
3) step (2) gained sample is cleaned the back typing, the dry again finished product that gets.
4. the preparation method of the described antibiotic-mould proof textile fabric of claim 3 is characterized in that: textiles floods 10~120min in the step (1) in the antibiotic finishing solution that contains the organosilicon betaine.
5. the preparation method of the described antibiotic-mould proof textile fabric of claim 3 is characterized in that: the textiles after step (2) is handled places antibiotic finishing solution to flood 10s~360min once more, clean then typing dry finished product.
6. the preparation method of the described antibiotic-mould proof textile fabric of claim 5 is characterized in that: oven dry is to be lower than under 120 ℃ of conditions the textiles behind dipping dry in the described step (2).
7. the preparation method of the described antibiotic-mould proof textile fabric of claim 5, it is characterized in that: described antibiotic finishing solution component is by mass percentage:
Organosilicon betaine: 0.5~20%
Organic solvent: 80~99.5%.
8. the preparation method of the described antibiotic-mould proof textile fabric of claim 7, it is characterized in that: described organic solvent is an ethyl acetate, butyl acetate, chloroform, carrene, oxolane, acetone, butanone, ethanol, normal propyl alcohol, n-butanol, dimethyl formamide, dimethylacetylamide, one or more of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO).
9. the preparation method of the arbitrary described antibiotic-mould proof textile fabric of claim 1 to 2 may further comprise the steps:
1) on textiles, brushes or sprays the antibiotic finishing solution that contains the organosilicon betaine;
2) textiles that step (1) is handled dries or dries;
3) step (2) gained sample is cleaned the dry finished product that gets of typing.
10. the preparation method of the described antibiotic-mould proof textile fabric of claim 9 is characterized in that: brush once more on the textiles after step (2) is handled or spraying contains the antibiotic finishing solution of organosilicon betaine, dry or dry, clean the dry finished product that gets of typing then.
11. the preparation method of the described antibiotic-mould proof textile fabric of claim 9 is characterized in that: oven dry is to be lower than under 120 ℃ of conditions the textiles after brushing or spraying dry in the described step (2).
12. the preparation method of the described antibiotic-mould proof textile fabric of claim 9 is characterized in that: described antibiotic finishing solution component is by mass percentage:
Organosilicon betaine: 0.5~20%
Organic solvent: 80~99.5%.
13. the preparation method of the described antibiotic-mould proof textile fabric of claim 12 is characterized in that: described organic solvent is an ethyl acetate, butyl acetate, chloroform, carrene, oxolane, acetone, butanone, ethanol, normal propyl alcohol, n-butanol, dimethyl formamide, dimethylacetylamide, one or more of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO).
CN2010101060073A 2010-01-29 2010-01-29 Antibiotic-mould proof textile fabric and method for preparing same CN101760963B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010101060073A CN101760963B (en) 2010-01-29 2010-01-29 Antibiotic-mould proof textile fabric and method for preparing same

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010101060073A CN101760963B (en) 2010-01-29 2010-01-29 Antibiotic-mould proof textile fabric and method for preparing same

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101760963A CN101760963A (en) 2010-06-30
CN101760963B true CN101760963B (en) 2011-11-23

Family

ID=42492333

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2010101060073A CN101760963B (en) 2010-01-29 2010-01-29 Antibiotic-mould proof textile fabric and method for preparing same

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN101760963B (en)

Families Citing this family (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101916530A (en) * 2010-07-07 2010-12-15 陈文鼎 Antifungal and antibacterial hangtag and making method thereof
CN103710774A (en) * 2013-11-26 2014-04-09 常熟常圣服饰有限公司 Production method for mildew-resistant fabric
CN103710773A (en) * 2013-12-04 2014-04-09 江苏博士邦尼时装有限公司 Production technology for mildew-proof fabric
WO2016123806A1 (en) 2015-02-06 2016-08-11 深圳大学 Reactive anti-microbial, anti-contamination compound and preparation method therefor
CN106029973B (en) * 2015-02-12 2017-07-07 深圳大学 A kind of durable antibiotic antifouling textile product and preparation method thereof
CN105239380B (en) * 2015-10-30 2017-12-05 绍兴金阳纺织有限公司 A kind of antibiotic-mould proof textile fabric and preparation method thereof
CN106928158B (en) * 2015-12-31 2019-11-15 香港理工大学 Antimicrobial compound and its application in textile industry
CN107034673B (en) * 2016-11-24 2019-05-17 包磊 Medical antibacterial fabric and preparation method thereof

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2153399A (en) * 1984-01-26 1985-08-21 Toyo Boseki Discoloration-resistant fabrics
CN101032627A (en) * 2006-08-11 2007-09-12 陈炎武 Antimicrobial mildewproof spraying agent for the physical deodorization of socks and shoes
CN101074540A (en) * 2006-08-11 2007-11-21 陈炎武 Underwear, pants and socks with physical antibacterial and deodorization functions and their productions

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2153399A (en) * 1984-01-26 1985-08-21 Toyo Boseki Discoloration-resistant fabrics
CN101032627A (en) * 2006-08-11 2007-09-12 陈炎武 Antimicrobial mildewproof spraying agent for the physical deodorization of socks and shoes
CN101074540A (en) * 2006-08-11 2007-11-21 陈炎武 Underwear, pants and socks with physical antibacterial and deodorization functions and their productions

Non-Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
吕彤.表面活性剂合成技术.《表面活性剂合成技术》.中国纺织出版社,2009,(第一版),331-332. *
李俊英 等.聚硅氧烷季铵盐抗菌整理剂的合成及应用.《日用化学工业》.2003,第33卷(第4期),249-251. *
王学川 等.甜菜碱型硅表面活性剂的合成和应用.《日用化学工业》.2008,第38卷(第1期),45-49. *
苏晓明 等.有机硅季铵盐的合成方法及应用.《河南化工》.2008,第25卷(第3期),1-3,43. *
谢瑜 等.有机硅季铵盐抗菌剂的研究进展.《化工技术与开发》.2008,第37卷(第4期),25-28,34. *

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN101760963A (en) 2010-06-30

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
Lim et al. Review of chitosan and its derivatives as antimicrobial agents and their uses as textile chemicals
CN103614927B (en) A kind of fiber textile containing cellulose antibiotic finishing method
Ammayappan et al. Study of antimicrobial activity of aloevera, chitosan, and curcumin on cotton, wool, and rabbit hair
Kim et al. Durable antimicrobial finishing of nylon fabrics with acid dyes and a quaternary ammonium salt
CN103255522B (en) Antibacterial fabric, preparation technology thereof and textile thereof
CN101291743B (en) Antimicrobial cationic polyelectrolyte coating
CN103924009B (en) A kind of formaldehyde scavenger and its production and use
US5882357A (en) Durable and regenerable microbiocidal textiles
Purwar et al. Recent Developments in Antimicrobial Finishing of Textiles--A Review.
CN105613506B (en) A kind of halogen amine/quaternary ammonium olefines antiseptic and its application in Biodegradable nano fibrous material
Wasif et al. Use of nano silver as an antimicrobial agent for cotton
Li et al. Permanent antimicrobial cotton fabrics obtained by surface treatment with modified guanidine
CN103031733B (en) Preparation method of anti-crease antimicrobial complex-function true silk
CN100554296C (en) Reactable polymer antibacterial agent and its production and application
Gupta Antimicrobial treatments for textiles
US20030056297A1 (en) Multifunctional textiles
JP6497631B2 (en) To provide antiseptic compositions for fabrics and related substrates, and to provide antibacterial, antiviral, and antifungal disinfection, wash durability, and enhance as needed with multifunctional properties Method for treating substrate
CN101768372B (en) Antibacterial cation reactive dye and preparation and application thereof
CN101597860B (en) Complex antibacterial fiber, fabric and preparation method thereof
US20180044847A1 (en) Textiles having antimicrobial properties
CN105239389B (en) A kind of dedicated antibacterial textile fabric of baby
CN101084343A (en) Manufacturing methods and applications of antimicrobial plant fibers having silver particles
CN106245315A (en) The production method of antibiotic property quick-drying shell fabric
Montazer et al. Simultaneous x‐linking and antimicrobial finishing of cotton fabric
CN101187089A (en) Silk fibroin and polyvinyl alcohol blending antibacterial nanometer fiber and its preparation method

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model