CN101725258A - Integral jacking method of heritage buildings - Google Patents

Integral jacking method of heritage buildings Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101725258A
CN101725258A CN200810201943A CN200810201943A CN101725258A CN 101725258 A CN101725258 A CN 101725258A CN 200810201943 A CN200810201943 A CN 200810201943A CN 200810201943 A CN200810201943 A CN 200810201943A CN 101725258 A CN101725258 A CN 101725258A
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heritage buildings
heritage
foundation
buildings
wall
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CN101725258B (en
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蓝戊己
林其荃
朱启华
李文亮
王长安
苑爱辉
彭勇平
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SHANGHAI EVOLUTION BUILDING SHIFT ENGINEERING Co Ltd
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SHANGHAI EVOLUTION BUILDING SHIFT ENGINEERING Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses an integral jacking method of heritage buildings. The method comprises six aspects of existing state reinforcement, precipitation, underpinning, jacking, monitoring and in-position repair, wherein during the underpinning, the measures of manufacturing tray beams, piling static pressure pile, casting fundamental apron piece and the like are used for constructing a substantial underpinning foundation for the jacking of the heritage buildings, so as to successfully realize the integral jacking of the heritage buildings with weak structure and foundation. The integral jacking method of heritage buildings has extremely important practical effect for saving and repairing the prior heritage buildings.

Description

Integral jacking method of heritage buildings
Technical field
The present invention relates to heritage buildings reparation, reinforcing technique, relate in particular to the integral jacking method of heritage buildings in ancient building reparation, the reinforcing.
Background technology
China has 5,000 years historical ancient civilized countries, and in course of history, generations of ancestor has created abundant, outstanding building of all kinds by oneself wisdom and industry.But be difficult for reasons such as long-term reservation and chaos caused by war destruction owing to Chinese architecture thing post and panel structure characteristics, it is considerably less that these outstanding heritage buildings can remain.Even the heritage buildings that remains, but because long natural erosion has much all arrived crumbling, anxious to be repaired stage.
But because heritage buildings mostly is post and panel structure, structural strength is low, and resistance to overturning is poor, and soil rigidity deficiency, these defectives need through walls holing bring difficulty during to foundation underpinning; Because failing to understand, geological conditions causes foundation settlement again; Structure is not clear to cause the jacking position to be difficult to determine; Structural strength is hanged down the reduction of safety in the time of will causing jacking, and these have brought the engineering difficulty all for the jacking of heritage buildings.And heritage buildings belongs to outstanding protection building, and this is not subject to any damage with regard to requiring to keep its existing building style and features, structure and function of use and changes.
Therefore, be badly in need of the safe integral jacking that a kind of effective integral jacking method of heritage buildings is realized heritage buildings, and heritage buildings can not suffer damage because of jacking.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention provides a kind of integral jacking method of heritage buildings that can not cause damage to heritage buildings, to overcome the deficiency that prior art exists.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention adopts following technical scheme:
A kind of integral jacking method of heritage buildings, the step that comprises has:
1., to the reinforcing of heritage buildings;
2., underpining the heritage buildings basis;
3., to the heritage buildings integral jacking;
It is characterized in that the described step that underpins to the heritage buildings basis is:
A, the heritage buildings basic earth is excavated, be excavated to heritage buildings basis body of wall bottom position;
B, make the pallet beam that has the static pressed pile hole underpin heritage buildings basis body of wall in heritage buildings foundation wall inside and outside side;
C, press down static pressed pile to ground, after finishing, static pressed pile and pallet beam are carried out anchoring from the static pressed pile hole of pallet beam;
D, continuation are excavated the heritage buildings basic earth, are excavated to place, default foundation platform soffit;
E, construction foundation platform beam;
F, on the foundation platform beam, jack is installed, is treated that the foundation platform beam reaches after the intensity one section static pressed pile amputation between foundation platform beam and the pallet beam.
Described to also the heritage buildings basic earth being carried out the precipitation processing before the heritage buildings foundation underpinning.
Described making pallet beam is earlier with the body of wall punching of heritage buildings basis, wears steel pipe in the hole, wears presstressed reinforcing steel in the steel pipe; The pallet beam of constructing then, the heritage buildings foundation wall surface that will contact with pallet beam during construction cutter hair is also reserved static pressed pile hole and static pressed pile embedded part; After treating that at last the pallet beam reaches intensity, tensioned prestressing bar.
Described heritage buildings is reinforced comprises pressure injection cement paste successively carried out from bottom to top in bottom wall inside; Edge side periphery within the walls is provided with the beam column built from concrete framework, near the dome position, by beam column frame curved beam is set upwards, and is supported by curved beam, sprays cast in place concrete plate along whole dome, before the injection, inboard body of wall and dome inboard is covered with malthoid; Support at bottom wall arranged outside reinforced concrete beam column.
Described heritage buildings is reinforced comprises that also doing the steel concrete foundation ditch around the heritage buildings basic earth safeguards stake.
Described heritage buildings is reinforced also comprise with flexible material and tamp space between tile carving, coloured glaze ornaments, and appearance is protected with plank or rubber tile envelope, and plank or rubber tile and wall body are closely fixed.
During described precipitation is handled, around the soil body of building foundation, construct the deep-mixed pile water-stop curtain.
Jack on the described foundation platform beam is divided into hydraulic jack and supports jack, and alternate turns carries out jacking to heritage buildings when being controlled at the jacking heritage buildings by the PLC hydraulic synchronous control system.
Described to heritage buildings reinforce, underpin and the jacking process in heritage buildings carried out whole process monitor.
Adopt technique scheme, integral jacking method of heritage buildings key of the present invention is to adopt that to make the pallet beam, play measures such as static pressed pile and cast foundation platform beam be that ancient building makes up solid underpinning of jacking structure when underpining, thereby successfully realized the integral jacking to the heritage buildings of structure, ground fragility, this integral jacking method of heritage buildings has very important realistic function to the rescue reparation of current heritage buildings.
Description of drawings
The present invention is described in detail below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments:
Fig. 1 is the flow chart of integral jacking method of heritage buildings of the present invention;
Fig. 2 reinforces schematic diagram to heritage buildings;
Fig. 3 is for to underpin schematic diagram to the heritage buildings basis;
Fig. 4 is the layout schematic diagram of Fig. 3.
The specific embodiment
For understanding better and carrying out an invention, be example with certain ancient pavilion jacking engineering, specifically set forth integral jacking method of heritage buildings of the present invention.
One, the structural analysis before this Gu pavilion jacking
1, this Gu pavilion Yuan Dynasty ground of being stood should be higher than groundwater table at that time when the Yuan Dynasty, and water content should be significantly less than now, and its earth bearing strength should meet the demands at that time.But when Yellow River mud after bury on ground with pavilion week, groundwater table rises thereupon, is higher than the Yuan Dynasty face of land, and the ground of its pavilion body bottom is in liquid state, and earth bearing strength is descended greatly, causes the sedimentation of pavilion body.
2, according to on-site land survey, this place groundwater table is higher, apart from the about 2.4-2.6 rice of terrain table, belongs to hole diving type.After establishing the collecting well outfall in 1985, long-term intermittent a large amount of groundwater abstractions change the compactness of its soil body, the existence of a large amount of building wastes is arranged under the pavilion body in addition, water permeability is strong, some stratum have formed seepage channel, soil layer construction destroys, and bearing capacity descends, and causes pavilion base, ground to produce differential settlement.
3, this Gu pavilion is the masonry structure of arch of vault formula, and the pavilion body is built by laying bricks or stones by blue bricks, and globality is poor, a little less than the anti-inhomogeneous deformation ability, under the uneven settlement of foundation effect, very easily produces the crack.
Can see from above analysis,, in foundation ditch, draw water for a long time, make soil layer construction destroy, cause uneven settlement of foundation, cause crack, ground, pavilion body cracking, tilt because underground soil layer mechanical property is relatively poor.
Two, the integral jacking of this Gu pavilion
The particular content of integral jacking comprises present situation reinforcing, precipitation, underpins, jacking, monitoring, six aspects of reparation in place. details are as follows:
1, present situation is reinforced
For guaranteeing agent structure safety in the jacking process, need this Gu pavilion is carried out integral reinforcing, concrete measure is as follows:
1), method that 2 meters high body of wall 001 inside of this Gu pavilion bottom are taked successively to pour into from bottom to top (when the higher once perfusion of body of wall height be difficult to finish and take from the body of wall bottom to the preceding paragraph perfusion mud) carry out the pressure injection cement paste and reinforce, the grout spacing is 500mm.
2), as shown in Figure 2, for prevent that dome 002 is out of shape and even slump in the jacking process, in pavilion, beam column built from concrete framework 100 is set along the wall periphery, at close dome 002 position, by frame column 100 curved beam 101 is set upwards, and supports, before whole dome 002 injection cast in place concrete plate 102, injection by curved beam 101, inboard body of wall and arched roof top is inboard with the malthoid covering, so that jacking after finishing is peeled off concrete.
3), support at bottom wall arranged outside reinforced concrete beam column 103, to strengthen its globality.
4), with reference to figure 3 and Fig. 4, casting reinforced concrete pit maintenance soil stake 104 is reinforced basic earth along this Gu Ge border.The steel concrete foundation ditch safeguards that stake 104 is made of the high-pressure rotary jet grouting piles of 320 diameter phi 400mm of two rows, and array pitch 320mm gos deep in the soil 7 meters.But such soil mass consolidation, two can play retaining soil in when basis excavation, and three can lower sedimentation that should the Gu pavilion in the foundation underpinning process.
In addition, in order further to reach above-mentioned reinforcement effect, safeguard that at the steel concrete foundation ditch stake 104 also also is provided with I-steel sheet pile 105 in the inboard.
5), the various tile carvings of pavilion body, coloured glaze ornaments etc. are given reliably protecting.During construction, tamp space between tile carving, coloured glaze ornaments with sponge or other flexible material; Appearance is protected with plank or rubber tile envelope, and plank or rubber tile are closely fixing with the wall body by rivet or other connected mode, when assurance has slight vibrations, the pavilion body all artistic member is unlikely comes off.
2, precipitation scheme
According to exploration report, this locates rich groundwater, and the soil layer water permeability is stronger, if simple precipitation difficulty is very big, so scheme adopts water-stop curtain 106 (with reference to figure 3 and Fig. 4) dash, distribution precipitation in the hole prevents to produce excessive additional settlement then.
Vertical water-stop curtain gos deep into 10 meters of groundwater table in this programme, enters about 1 meter of aquitard; Exceed 0.1 meter of groundwater table.Deep-mixed pile stake footpath 500mm, pilespacing 350mm, promptly consecutive roots is arranged spreading degree 150mm, establishes two campsheds altogether, array pitch is 400mm.
Precipitation carries out step by step in the hole, at first groundwater table is reduced to below the substrate, cuts existing surface layer, removes ground, about 0.9 meter of precipitation depth; The overflow water depth is about 1.2 meters for the second time, is advisable not influence the construction of pallet beam; Last precipitation depth still is 1 meter, carries out the construction of the construction of foundation platform beam and back in place sole plate etc.Each precipitation process also answers segmentation to carry out, and whenever falls 200mm and tackles this Gu pavilion and carry out settlement observation, confirms can carry out next step precipitation after the no potential safety hazard.
3, underpin
Because this Gu pavilion does not have the basis, nearly 1.5 meters thick brick walls only are sidelong out outside 80-170mm and are just just directly dropped on the foundation soil as the heritage buildings basis, can not satisfy the requirement of integral jacking, so must underpin former heritage buildings basis.For guaranteeing this Gu pavilion structural safety in the foundation underpinning process, it is perfectly safe to accomplish, it is as follows to formulate the scheme that underpins, concrete with reference to shown in Figure 3:
1), the heritage buildings basic earth is excavated, is excavated to heritage buildings basis body of wall 003 bottom position;
2), the outside makes the pallet beam 200 that has static pressed pile hole 201 that underpins heritage buildings basis body of wall 003 in the body of wall 003 of heritage buildings basis.
When making pallet beam 200, with body of wall 003 punching of heritage buildings basis, wear steel pipe 202 in the hole earlier, wear presstressed reinforcing steel 203 in the steel pipe 202; The pallet beam of constructing then, heritage buildings foundation wall 003 surface that will contact with pallet beam during construction cutter hair is also reserved static pressed pile hole 201 and static pressed pile embedded part; After treating that at last the pallet beam reaches intensity, tensioned prestressing bar 203.
3), press down static pressed pile 300 to ground, after finishing, static pressed pile 300 and pallet beam 200 are carried out anchoring from the static pressed pile hole 201 of pallet beam 200;
4), continue the heritage buildings basic earth is excavated, be excavated to place, default foundation platform beam 400 bottom surfaces;
5), construction foundation platform beam 400;
6), jack 500 is installed on foundation platform beam 400, treat that foundation platform beam 400 reaches after the intensity one section static pressed pile amputation between foundation platform beam 400 and the pallet beam 200.
4, jacking
About 1200 tons of the weight of this Gu pavilion own adds 800 tons of weight that underpin back tray rack 200, about 2000 tons altogether of jacking weight.With reference to figure 4, inside and outside the pavilion base, arrange 25 groups of jack altogether, wherein the outer 16 groups of 200 tons of jack of pavilion, 9 groups of 200 tons of jack in the pavilion, every group of jack is made up of a hydraulic jack and a support jack, and two jack take turns to operate, and can satisfy the jacking requirement.
Because of jack is divided into hydraulic jack and supports jack, can carry out jack-up construction in turn, after promptly wherein hydraulic jack had been pushed up a stroke, the support jack added cushion block, oil supply is stressed, and then carry out oil return.The rest may be inferred, can avoid jack oil return simultaneously that the top-out deposits yields is shaken like this.Each jack must keep synchronously during jacking, and stroke of every jacking is placed cushion block between foundation platform fine strain of millet and pallet beam, carry out the jacking of next stroke again.Cushion block is selected the high-grade concrete cushion block for use.
All placement jack place, pallet beam relevant position pre-embedded steel slab is placed bearing plate between jack and the apron piece (cushion block), destroys to prevent the concrete local compression.
5, monitoring
Whole reinforcing, underpin and the jacking process in the pavilion body carried out whole process detect.Comprise settlement observation.Gap observation and horizontal displacement observation etc.
During the integral jacking displacement, reply additionaling power each application point is bought the border and is applied power and carry out observational record, abnormal conditions when changing the judgement jacking according to additionaling power. adopt ruler, transit simultaneously, building off normal in the jacking process is monitored, utilize level observation monitoring foundation settlement. should strengthen superstructure observation simultaneously, in time find potential safety hazard.
Former substrate reservation in the pavilion after this Gu pavilion jacking, the professional can be by investigating to the substrate visit under the manhole down.
6, reparation in place
Because itself there are many diseases such as brick body crack, the crisp alkali of the foot of a wall in this Gu pavilion, after the whole lifting of pavilion body, for disease prevention continues development, needs it is taked certain control measures:
1, wall body crack: after the lifting of pavilion body, the hidden danger of foundation uneven settlement is eliminated, and pavilion body crack can not continued development again, but owing between body of wall the crack is arranged, there is the possibility of discontinuity equalization in the total system, causes another destruction of pavilion body then, therefore needs reinforce the crack.Concrete grammar is as follows: be provided with one at the place, crack at a certain distance along interior exterior wall body and socket steel plate.Long 1 meter of steel plate (each 50 centimetres of both sides, crack), wide is that two skin bricks are thick, thick 1 centimetre.Take out the crust brick of body of wall both sides, crack place respectively, two block plates are embedded body of wall, hole between inside and outside steel plate, the bolt that inserts diameter 20mm sockets mutually, and boring gap slip casting is handled.Because pavilion body bottom cracking is more serious, crack width narrows down from bottom to top gradually, and the concrete condition in the visual crack of steel plate reinforcement is adjusted to some extent.As the steel plate that is arranged on the body of wall root is long 1 meter, 1 meter of spacing, and the steel plate length on body of wall top and spacing all can suitably reduce.Behind the steel plate reinforcement, the fragment of brick former state of taking out should be put back to, and use former pointing.Except that steel plate is set, also tackles place, crack grout injection and reinforce.Cement grade adopts 425#, enhancing perfusion from bottom to top.Should carry out simultaneously with steel plate reinforcement during construction.
2, the improvement of the crisp alkali of the foot of a wall: the foot of a wall is the bearing load maximum, and stressed concentrating the most and complicated position continued development if the crisp alkali of fragment of brick is crossed dark or crisp alkali, might weaken stress surface, influences the total system then.Can take to pick the way of benefit, crisp alkali partly be rejected totally,, cut mill processing back and inlay, cement with cement paste or epoxy resin by original position with the fragment of brick of same size with scuppit or chisel.Pick the dark position of making amends for one's faults and also can between new and old fragment of brick, add and socket reinforcing bar, to improve adhesive strength.
3, the exterior wall coating material color and luster is irregular, and a part is peeled off with metope, and interior metope particularly bottom hall comes off because of long-term moist lime large tracts of land.After the lifting wall face of refuting erosion is mended decorations, whitewash interior wall again with lime white.Recruit watt part that scatters and disappear individually, repair the damaged member of bonding minority fracture.
Those of ordinary skill in the art will be appreciated that, above embodiment is used for illustrating the present invention, and be not to be used as limitation of the invention, as long as in connotation scope of the present invention, all will drop on claim scope of the present invention to variation, the modification of the above embodiment.

Claims (9)

1. integral jacking method of heritage buildings, the step that comprises has:
1., to the reinforcing of heritage buildings;
2., underpining the heritage buildings basis;
3., to the heritage buildings integral jacking;
It is characterized in that the described step that underpins to the heritage buildings basis is:
A, the heritage buildings basic earth is excavated, be excavated to heritage buildings basis body of wall bottom position;
B, make the pallet beam that has the static pressed pile hole underpin heritage buildings basis body of wall in heritage buildings foundation wall inside and outside side;
C, press down static pressed pile to ground, after finishing, static pressed pile and pallet beam are carried out anchoring from the static pressed pile hole of pallet beam;
D, continuation are excavated the heritage buildings basic earth, are excavated to place, default foundation platform soffit;
E, construction foundation platform beam;
F, on the foundation platform beam, jack is installed, is treated that the foundation platform beam reaches after the intensity one section static pressed pile amputation between foundation platform beam and the pallet beam.
2. integral jacking method of heritage buildings according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described to also the heritage buildings basic earth being carried out the precipitation processing before the heritage buildings foundation underpinning.
3. integral jacking method of heritage buildings according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described making pallet beam with the body of wall punching of heritage buildings basis, is worn steel pipe for earlier in the hole, wear presstressed reinforcing steel in the steel pipe; The pallet beam of constructing then, the heritage buildings foundation wall surface that will contact with pallet beam during construction cutter hair is also reserved static pressed pile hole and static pressed pile embedded part; After treating that at last the pallet beam reaches intensity, tensioned prestressing bar.
4. integral jacking method of heritage buildings according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described heritage buildings is reinforced comprises pressure injection cement paste successively carried out from bottom to top in bottom wall inside; Edge side periphery within the walls is provided with the beam column built from concrete framework, near the dome position, by beam column frame curved beam is set upwards, and is supported by curved beam, sprays cast in place concrete plate along whole dome, before the injection, inboard body of wall and dome inboard is covered with malthoid; Support at bottom wall arranged outside reinforced concrete beam column.
5. integral jacking method of heritage buildings according to claim 4 is characterized in that: described heritage buildings is reinforced comprises that also doing the steel concrete foundation ditch around the heritage buildings basic earth safeguards stake.
6. integral jacking method of heritage buildings according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described heritage buildings is reinforced also comprises with flexible material and tamps space between tile carving, coloured glaze ornaments, appearance is protected with plank or rubber tile envelope, and plank or rubber tile and wall body are closely fixing.
7. integral jacking method of heritage buildings according to claim 2 is characterized in that: during described precipitation is handled, construct the deep-mixed pile water-stop curtain around the soil body of building foundation.
8. integral jacking method of heritage buildings according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the jack on the described foundation platform beam is divided into hydraulic jack and supports jack, and alternate turns carries out jacking to heritage buildings when being controlled at the jacking heritage buildings by the PLC hydraulic synchronous control system.
9. integral jacking method of heritage buildings according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described to heritage buildings reinforce, underpin and the jacking process in heritage buildings carried out whole process monitor.
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CN102220769A (en) * 2011-04-15 2011-10-19 上海天演建筑物移位工程有限公司 System and method for underpinning and jacking building and adding storeys downwards
CN102383620A (en) * 2010-09-03 2012-03-21 上海天演建筑物移位工程有限公司 Integral translation method of high-rise building and synchronous pushing control system
CN102587409A (en) * 2011-01-07 2012-07-18 上海市第二建筑有限公司 Foundation underpinning joint treatment method
CN102704705A (en) * 2012-06-06 2012-10-03 河北省建筑科学研究院 Building long-stroke redescending-free multi-point synchronous jacking method
CN102864946A (en) * 2012-10-23 2013-01-09 山东建筑大学 Process for supporting existing buildings through structural steel and horizontal rachel rod member and additionally adding multilayer basement
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CN102383620A (en) * 2010-09-03 2012-03-21 上海天演建筑物移位工程有限公司 Integral translation method of high-rise building and synchronous pushing control system
CN102383620B (en) * 2010-09-03 2014-09-10 上海天演建筑物移位工程有限公司 Integral translation method of high-rise building and synchronous pushing control system
CN102587409A (en) * 2011-01-07 2012-07-18 上海市第二建筑有限公司 Foundation underpinning joint treatment method
CN102220769A (en) * 2011-04-15 2011-10-19 上海天演建筑物移位工程有限公司 System and method for underpinning and jacking building and adding storeys downwards
CN102704705A (en) * 2012-06-06 2012-10-03 河北省建筑科学研究院 Building long-stroke redescending-free multi-point synchronous jacking method
CN102704705B (en) * 2012-06-06 2014-08-06 河北省建筑科学研究院 Building long-stroke redescending-free multi-point synchronous jacking method
CN103572837B (en) * 2012-07-30 2016-08-10 上海天演建筑物移位工程有限公司 A kind of building jacking method
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CN107605175A (en) * 2017-10-25 2018-01-19 上海建为历保科技股份有限公司 A kind of integral jacking method of heritage buildings
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WO2023124058A1 (en) * 2021-12-28 2023-07-06 上海建为历保科技股份有限公司 Integral jacking apparatus for house
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