CN101718069A - Permeable pavement structure - Google Patents

Permeable pavement structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101718069A
CN101718069A CN200810166641A CN200810166641A CN101718069A CN 101718069 A CN101718069 A CN 101718069A CN 200810166641 A CN200810166641 A CN 200810166641A CN 200810166641 A CN200810166641 A CN 200810166641A CN 101718069 A CN101718069 A CN 101718069A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
layer
grating
permeable pavement
bituminous mixture
pavement
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN200810166641A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
高云龙
何唯平
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
OCEANPOWER CORP
Heyuan Oceanpower Technology Co Ltd
Shenzhen Oceanpower Industrial Co Ltd
Shanghai Qipeng Chemical Co Ltd
Original Assignee
OCEANPOWER CORP
Heyuan Oceanpower Technology Co Ltd
Shenzhen Oceanpower Industrial Co Ltd
Shanghai Qipeng Chemical Co Ltd
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Publication date
Application filed by OCEANPOWER CORP, Heyuan Oceanpower Technology Co Ltd, Shenzhen Oceanpower Industrial Co Ltd, Shanghai Qipeng Chemical Co Ltd filed Critical OCEANPOWER CORP
Priority to CN200810166641A priority Critical patent/CN101718069A/en
Publication of CN101718069A publication Critical patent/CN101718069A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a permeable pavement structure which is provided with a surface layer of a porous bitumen mixing material, a middle surface layer of the porous bitumen mixing material, a permeable open grading lower surface, a grading gravel base layer, a filtering layer, a geotextile layer and a soil base layer from top to bottom. The invention overcomes the defects caused by the watertightness of a traditional pavement, provides the pavement structure with good noise reducing and skidproof functions and good pavement performance of high temperature stability, abrasion resistance, fatigue resistance, water damage resistance and the like, and is widely applied to various roads of sidewalks, parkways, bicycle roads, parking lots, residential quarters and the like.

Description

A kind of permeable pavement structure
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of road structure, relate in particular to a kind of permeable pavement structure with good ecological benefits.
Background technology
In recent years, road is all built in each city, the whole nation in a large number, and this is very easy to people's trip and has promoted Chinese economic development.But, also brought the problem of many traffic and environment aspect to the city because urban road substantially all adopts fluid-tight hard surface (i.e. " cementization " road surface).
Because the road surface can not penetrating rainwater, make rainwater be blocked, and the city is owing to the collection underground water that all exceeds standard every year, if rainfall can not replenish again timely and effectively to phreatic replenishing, will form the surface settlement district, geology and building constructions etc. is caused huge damage.Hard surface also can bring serious harm to ecology: because it makes the interchange of air on ground and air humidity reduce, quickened the formation of urban heat land effect, and hardened ground is " death ground ", can influence the ecosystem on ground, it makes the aquatic attitude factor can't normal circulation, break the balance of urban ecological system, made the normal growth of vegetation be damaged; Rainwater is that first drainage grade or open drain, the face of land by ground enters sewer during rainfall, rainwater will just can enter the city underdrainage system through the surface flow of longer distance before entering sewer, this process makes the rainwater of relative cleaning dissolve in a large amount of urban surface pollutants, cause in the process of surface flow, producing secondary pollution, if the rainwater after the secondary pollution is entered the peripheral ground natural water by urban sewerage and drainage system, will increase the weight of the degree of contamination of these natural waters; In addition, rainwater compiles on ground, concentrates in a large number on motor vehicle and the cycleway, and rainwater runs off from ground or is evaporated, and city raised dust pollution grows worse, the rising of ground average temperature, energy consumption are strengthened.
In addition, because the serious hysteresis of China's urban infrastructure development, make rainwater during season, the urban sewerage and drainage facility can not effectively satisfy the requirement of draining and flood control, the waterproof road surface of mating formation will be increased the weight of the pressure of flood of urban sewerage and drainage system undoubtedly, and this also is a lot of cities of present China produce city waterlogging during rainy season a key factor; The waterproof in addition road surface surface area water when the rainy day of mating formation, motor vehicle easily produces " floating cunning " when current, " splashing " reaches phenomenons such as " dazzles ", also can increase the potential safety hazard of urban traffic.
All drawbacks based on the above-mentioned waterproof road surface of mating formation, the waterproof more and more requirement of being adopted now of incompatibility urban ecology physical environment sustainable development of road surface of mating formation, therefore, mat formation in building at urban road that we should consider the road surface with better water permeability of selecting a kind of ecological benefits good.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is in order to overcome above all drawbacks, a kind of water-permeable pavement structure with good ecological benefits to be provided.
In order to solve above technological deficiency, the present invention adopts following technical scheme:
A kind of permeable pavement structure, have in porosity bituminous mixture surface course, the porosity bituminous mixture surface layer, graded broken stone base, filtration beds, geotextile layer and soil matrix layer under surface layer, the dankness type open gradation from top to bottom, wherein, the thickness of described porosity bituminous mixture surface course is 3-6cm, and void content is 18-25%; The thickness of surface layer is 3-6cm in the described porosity bituminous mixture, and void content is 18-25%; The thickness of surface layer is 15-30cm under the described dankness type open gradation, and void content is 18-25%; The thickness of described graded broken stone base is 10-25cm, and the crush values of graded broken stone is not more than 26%; The thickness of described filtration beds is 10-20cm.
Described porosity bituminous mixture surface course is OGFC grating or AM grating.
Surface layer is OGFC grating, AM grating or ATPB grating in the described porosity bituminous mixture.
Surface layer is the ATPB grating under the described dankness type open gradation.
Described filtration beds is a kind of or its combination of rubble, sand.
Described geotextile layer is a kind of or its combination of geotextiles, fiber grid.
Described soil matrix layer is the flyash of process compacting, a kind of or its combination of lime.
Described OGFC grating comprises: OGFC-10, OGFC-13, OGFC-16; Described AM grating comprises: AM-10, AM-13, AM-16, AM-20; Described ATPB grating comprises: ATPB-25, ATPB-30, ATPB-40.
In described porosity bituminous mixture surface course and the porosity bituminous mixture surface layer the level distribution structure in, the nominal maximum aggregate size that gathers materials is 16mm, aggregate size is among 10~15mm, quality percentage 〉=90% by the 13.2mm sieve aperture, quality percentage≤15% by the 9.5mm sieve aperture, among aggregate size 5~10mm, quality percentage 〉=90% by the 9.5mm sieve aperture, quality percentage≤15% by the 4.75mm sieve aperture, among aggregate size 0~3mm, by quality percentage 〉=90% of 2.36mm sieve aperture; Gathering materials is a kind of or its combination of diabase or basalt filler, wherein, and the percent of pass of 0.15mm sieve aperture 〉=90%; Pitch is a kind of or its combination of SBS modified bitumen, SBR modified bitumen, PE modified bitumen and the modified bitumen of deriving thereof, satisfy 60 ℃ of dynamic viscosities and be not less than 20000Pas, 25 ℃ of needle penetrations are not less than 401/10mm, softening point is not less than 80 ℃, 10 ℃ of ductilities are not less than 40cm, 25 ℃ of sticking toughness are not less than 25Nm, and 25 ℃ of toughness are not less than 20Nm.
The invention provides a kind of permeable pavement structure with good ecological benefits; each layers such as its surface course, middle surface layer, following surface layer, basic unit are porous all; rainwater can directly penetrate into soil horizon from road surface; then via plant absorbing, evapotranspire or cover forms such as underground water; become the some of natural, ecological circulation, protection groundwater resources, sound absorption reduction, improve urban Heat Environment, improve the urban surface ecological environment of soil, water body purification and alleviate the effect of surface flow.
The present invention has good noise reduction, antiskid function, have pavement performances such as good high-temperature stability, abrasion resistance, fatigue resistance, anti-water damage simultaneously, can be widely used in different kinds of roads such as sidewalk, park road, bicycle path, parking lot, residential quarter.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of permeable pavement structure of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with drawings and the specific embodiments:
See also Fig. 1, Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of permeable pavement structure of the present invention.As shown in the figure, structure of the present invention has in porosity bituminous mixture surface course 1, the porosity bituminous mixture surface layer 3, graded broken stone base 4, filtration beds 5, geotextile layer 6 and soil matrix layer 7 under surface layer 2, the dankness type open gradation from top to bottom.
Wherein, porosity bituminous mixture surface course 1 is OGFC-13 grating (grating sees Table 1), thickness is 3cm, and void content is 20%, and the asphalt performance index sees Table 3, surface layer 2 is the OGFC-16 grating in the porosity bituminous mixture, thickness is 4cm, and void content is 19%, and grating sees Table 2, the asphalt performance index sees Table 3, surface layer 3 is the ATPB-25 grating under the dankness type open gradation, and thickness is 20cm, and void content is 20%, graded broken stone base 4, thickness is 15cm, and crush values is 20%, and filtration beds 5 is the middle sand of 10cm, geotextile layer 6 is a geotextiles, and soil matrix layer 7 is the lime-soil base of compacting.This structure can make moisture penetrate into basic unit through road structure, and it is underground that moisture content is revert to, and plays water-permeable and air permeable, preserves moisture, and alleviates urban water use, replenishes environmental protection effects such as groundwater table.
Table 1:OGFC-13 grading limit
Table 2OGFC-16 grading limit
Table 3 asphalt performance data
Experimental project The asphaltum with high viscosity performance The product requirement performance
Needle penetration (25 ℃, 1/10mm) ??45 Be not less than 40
Softening point (℃) ??86 Not little by 80
Ductility (10 ℃, cm) ??58.3 Be not less than 40
Toughness (25 ℃) (Nm) ??20.6 Be not less than 20
Sticking toughness (25 ℃) (Nm) ??30.5 Be not less than 25
60 ℃ of dynamic viscosities (Pas) ??73262 Be not less than 20000

Claims (7)

1. permeable pavement structure, it is characterized in that, have in porosity bituminous mixture surface course (1), the porosity bituminous mixture surface layer (3), graded broken stone base (4), filtration beds (5), geotextile layer (6) and soil matrix layer (7) under surface layer (2), the dankness type open gradation from top to bottom, wherein, the thickness of described porosity bituminous mixture surface course (1) is 3-6cm, and void content is 18-25%; The thickness of surface layer (2) is 3-6cm in the described porosity bituminous mixture, and void content is 18-25%; The thickness of surface layer (3) is 15-30cm under the described dankness type open gradation, and void content is 18-25%; The thickness of described graded broken stone base (4) is 10-25cm, and the crush values of graded broken stone is not more than 26%; The thickness of described filtration beds (5) is 10-20cm.
2. permeable pavement structure as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, described porosity bituminous mixture surface course (1) is OGFC grating or AM grating.
3. permeable pavement structure as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, surface layer (2) is OGFC grating, AM grating or ATPB grating in the described porosity bituminous mixture.
4. permeable pavement structure as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, surface layer (3) is the ATPB grating under the described dankness type open gradation.
5. permeable pavement structure as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, described filtration beds (5) is a kind of or its combination of rubble, sand.
6. permeable pavement structure as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, described geotextile layer (6) is a kind of or its combination of geotextiles, fiber grid.
7. permeable pavement structure as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, described soil matrix layer (7) is the flyash of process compacting, a kind of or its combination of lime.
CN200810166641A 2008-10-09 2008-10-09 Permeable pavement structure Pending CN101718069A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200810166641A CN101718069A (en) 2008-10-09 2008-10-09 Permeable pavement structure

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200810166641A CN101718069A (en) 2008-10-09 2008-10-09 Permeable pavement structure

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CN101718069A true CN101718069A (en) 2010-06-02

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102644225A (en) * 2012-04-24 2012-08-22 唐山市交通运输局 Multifunctional self-snow-melting, anti-skidding, water-drainage and noise-reduction bituminous pavement
CN103866668A (en) * 2012-12-14 2014-06-18 北京中景橙石建筑科技有限公司 Cement water-permeable concrete ground structure with water-permeable asphalt on surface and manufacturing method thereof
CN104018409A (en) * 2014-06-26 2014-09-03 上海建工材料工程有限公司 Sustainable hybrid pervious concrete pavement structure
CN104695298A (en) * 2015-02-12 2015-06-10 广州市市政工程设计研究院 Complete permeable compound type road surface structure
CN105220597A (en) * 2015-10-20 2016-01-06 山东大学 Urban water-through road structure and the Rainwater collection system based on this porous pavement
CN105735453A (en) * 2016-04-13 2016-07-06 中国水利水电科学研究院 Drainage system for preventing urban inland inundation
CN108086088A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-05-29 中科联化有限公司 A kind of environment friendly pervious Road System of new type colorful
CN108642993A (en) * 2018-06-26 2018-10-12 长春玛莎建材有限公司 A kind of permeable unit, porous base course, porous pavement and construction method
CN108951349A (en) * 2018-07-23 2018-12-07 华新水泥股份有限公司 A kind of pervious concrete structure and method for paving
CN109944125A (en) * 2019-04-12 2019-06-28 新疆北新路桥集团股份有限公司 A kind of asphalt concrete pavement structure and its paving process

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102644225A (en) * 2012-04-24 2012-08-22 唐山市交通运输局 Multifunctional self-snow-melting, anti-skidding, water-drainage and noise-reduction bituminous pavement
CN102644225B (en) * 2012-04-24 2014-06-25 唐山市交通运输局 Multifunctional self-snow-melting, anti-skidding, water-drainage and noise-reduction bituminous pavement
CN103866668A (en) * 2012-12-14 2014-06-18 北京中景橙石建筑科技有限公司 Cement water-permeable concrete ground structure with water-permeable asphalt on surface and manufacturing method thereof
CN104018409A (en) * 2014-06-26 2014-09-03 上海建工材料工程有限公司 Sustainable hybrid pervious concrete pavement structure
CN104018409B (en) * 2014-06-26 2016-08-17 上海建工材料工程有限公司 A kind of mixed type pervious concrete pavement structure of sustainability
CN104695298A (en) * 2015-02-12 2015-06-10 广州市市政工程设计研究院 Complete permeable compound type road surface structure
CN105220597A (en) * 2015-10-20 2016-01-06 山东大学 Urban water-through road structure and the Rainwater collection system based on this porous pavement
CN105735453A (en) * 2016-04-13 2016-07-06 中国水利水电科学研究院 Drainage system for preventing urban inland inundation
CN108086088A (en) * 2017-11-29 2018-05-29 中科联化有限公司 A kind of environment friendly pervious Road System of new type colorful
CN108642993A (en) * 2018-06-26 2018-10-12 长春玛莎建材有限公司 A kind of permeable unit, porous base course, porous pavement and construction method
CN108951349A (en) * 2018-07-23 2018-12-07 华新水泥股份有限公司 A kind of pervious concrete structure and method for paving
CN109944125A (en) * 2019-04-12 2019-06-28 新疆北新路桥集团股份有限公司 A kind of asphalt concrete pavement structure and its paving process

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