CN101661292B - Reflective type solar infrared radioactive dynamic optical path tracking system - Google Patents

Reflective type solar infrared radioactive dynamic optical path tracking system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN101661292B
CN101661292B CN2009101450067A CN200910145006A CN101661292B CN 101661292 B CN101661292 B CN 101661292B CN 2009101450067 A CN2009101450067 A CN 2009101450067A CN 200910145006 A CN200910145006 A CN 200910145006A CN 101661292 B CN101661292 B CN 101661292B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
catoptron
psd
position angle
optical path
tracking system
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2009101450067A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN101661292A (en
Inventor
陈军
高闽光
王亚萍
刘文清
张天舒
徐亮
童晶晶
刘志明
金岭
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Anhui Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics of CAS
Original Assignee
Anhui Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics of CAS
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Anhui Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics of CAS filed Critical Anhui Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics of CAS
Priority to CN2009101450067A priority Critical patent/CN101661292B/en
Publication of CN101661292A publication Critical patent/CN101661292A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101661292B publication Critical patent/CN101661292B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Images

Abstract

The invention relates to a reflective type solar infrared radioactive dynamic optical path tracking system comprising a receiving unit, a receiving reflecting mirror which is coordinated with the receiving unit, and also an electronic controlling rotary table which is slantingly provided with an azimuth angle reflecting mirror corresponding to a horizontal line; a circular hole is arranged on the azimuth angle reflecting mirror; a PSD four-quadrant detector and a PSD reflecting mirror which is coordinated with the PSD four-quadrant detector are arranged on the electronic controlling rotary table at one side of the azimuth angle reflecting mirror; the PSD reflecting mirror is located near the circular hole on the azimuth angle reflecting mirror and the reflecting surface thereof faces the PSD four-quadrant detector; a rotatable height angle reflecting mirror is arranged on the electronic controlling rotary table at one side of the reflecting surface of the azimuth angle reflecting mirror; and the reflecting surface of the height angle reflecting mirror faces the reflecting surface of the azimuth angle reflecting mirror.

Description

A kind of reflective type solar infrared radioactive dynamic optical path tracking system
Technical field
The present invention relates to the application and the research device field of solar radiation, especially a kind of reflective type solar infrared radioactive dynamic optical path tracking system.
Background technology
Sun power is the free of contamination natural energy resources of a kind of cleaning, and it has broad application prospects.Solar spectrum is for research solar interior mechanics and study upper atmosphere, gas composition concentration near the ground is significant.The main effect of sun tracker is in order to obtain stronger sun power or solar spectrum by following the tracks of the sun.Present sun tracker major part all is fixed tracking, at a fixing Position Tracking sun, and the structure of employing transmission-type.There is following problem: tracking velocity is slow, and is strict to the reference position, needs manual intervention to do regular adjustment, can't use on motion platform.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of reflective type solar infrared radioactive dynamic optical path tracking system, can be positioned on the motion platform, can be from the motion tracking sun, solar spectrum is imported to receiving element, slow to solve the tracking velocity that present technology exists, need manual intervention to do regular adjustment, problem such as can't on motion platform, use.
In order to achieve the above object, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
A kind of reflective type solar infrared radioactive dynamic optical path tracking system, include receiving element, and the reception catoptron that cooperates with receiving element, it is characterized in that: also include automatically controlled universal stage, relative horizontal line is tiltedly installed with the position angle catoptron on the described automatically controlled universal stage, have circular hole on the catoptron of described position angle, the PSD catoptron that the automatically controlled universal stage of one side of described position angle catoptron is provided with the PSD 4 quadrant detector and cooperates with it, described PSD catoptron is positioned at the circular hole top of catoptron top, position angle, its reflecting surface is towards the PSD 4 quadrant detector, the automatically controlled universal stage of reflecting surface one side of described position angle catoptron is provided with rotatable elevation angle catoptron, and the reflecting surface of described elevation angle catoptron is towards the reflecting surface of described position angle catoptron; Incident illumination is incident upon the elevation angle catoptron, by the elevation angle mirror reflects to the position angle catoptron, circular hole on the catoptron of part light transmission position angle arrives the PSD catoptron, and by the PSD mirror reflects to the PSD 4 quadrant detector, another part light to receiving catoptron, and is received mirror reflects to receiving element by the position angle mirror reflects.
Described a kind of reflective type solar infrared radioactive dynamic optical path tracking system, it is characterized in that: the Circularhole diameter on the catoptron of described position angle is 5mm, it is pasted with diaphragm behind, and the described aperture of the diaphragm is 0.5mm-1mm, is used to limit the size that shines the hot spot on the PSD 4 quadrant detector.
Described a kind of reflective type solar infrared radioactive dynamic optical path tracking system is characterized in that: the angle that catoptron relative horizontal line in described position angle tilts is 15 °-20 °.
Described a kind of reflective type solar infrared radioactive dynamic optical path tracking system is characterized in that: described automatically controlled universal stage is provided with stepper motor, to drive the rotation of elevation angle catoptron.
Described a kind of reflective type solar infrared radioactive dynamic optical path tracking system is characterized in that: all be coated with the aluminium film on described PSD catoptron and the position angle catoptron.
Described a kind of reflective type solar infrared radioactive dynamic optical path tracking system, it is characterized in that: the feedback signal of described PSD 4 quadrant detector is sent to computing machine, control automatically controlled universal stage by computing machine according to the feedback signal of PSD 4 quadrant detector again and rotate to proper angle, and the control step motor is to drive the rotation of high angle catoptron.
Described a kind of reflective type solar infrared radioactive dynamic optical path tracking system is characterized in that: described receiving element can be a solar cell, also can be spectrometer.
Described a kind of reflective type solar infrared radioactive dynamic optical path tracking system is characterized in that: described automatically controlled universal stage is positioned on the motion platform.
Motion platform can be an automobile, steamer etc., when motion platform moves and rotates, when solar azimuth and elevation angle changed, the present invention can make response rapidly, rotated accordingly by feedback signal control step motor and automatically controlled universal stage, drive corresponding mirror motion, make whole device can follow the tracks of the sun fast and accurately, by specific optical texture, with the sunshine receiving element that leads.Move and rotate at motion platform, solar azimuth and elevation angle stronger sun power or the solar spectrum that receiving element can receive all the time in the process that change.If receiving element only is concerned about the energy size and is not had the beam split ability, receive to such an extent that be exactly sun power; If what be concerned about is the spectral composition of sunshine, receiving element is the spectrometer with beam split ability, receives to such an extent that be exactly solar spectrum so.
The invention provides a kind of on motion platform from the motion tracking sun, the device of solar spectrum is provided.Solved existing sun tracker can't be on mobile platform from the problem of the motion tracking sun.The present invention utilizes PSD four-quadrant signal feedback to adjust the position of catoptron and turntable, need not manual intervention, thus automatic tracking position of sun.The whole device of the present invention is easy to carry, and structure is simple relatively, and cost is relatively low, can be applied in by (as automobile, steamer) on the motion platform, need not manual intervention, can realize the sun is automatically quick and precisely followed the tracks of.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is one-piece construction of the present invention and light path synoptic diagram.
Fig. 2 is PSD probe portion of the present invention and position angle mirror structure and light path synoptic diagram.
Fig. 3 is a PSD 4 quadrant detector front view (FV).
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2.A kind of reflective type solar infrared radioactive dynamic optical path tracking system includes receiving element 9, and the reception catoptron 8 that cooperates with receiving element 9, and receiving element 9 can be a solar cell, also can be spectrometer.Also include automatically controlled universal stage 7, automatically controlled universal stage 7 is positioned on the motion platform.Relative horizontal line angle of inclination is provided with position angle catoptron 4 for 15 °-20 ° on the automatically controlled universal stage 7, have circular hole on the position angle catoptron 4, the PSD catoptron 5 that the automatically controlled universal stage 7 of one side of position angle catoptron 4 is provided with PSD 4 quadrant detector 6 and cooperates with it, all be coated with the aluminium film on PSD catoptron 5 and the position angle catoptron 4, PSD catoptron 5 is positioned at by the circular hole on the position angle catoptron 4, its reflecting surface is towards PSD 4 quadrant detector 6, Circularhole diameter on the position angle catoptron 4 is 5mm, it is pasted with diaphragm behind, the aperture of the diaphragm is 0.5mm-1mm, is used to limit the size that shines the hot spot on the PSD 4 quadrant detector 6.The automatically controlled universal stage 7 of reflecting surface one side of position angle catoptron 4 is provided with the elevation angle catoptron 2 that stepper motor 3 drives its rotation.The reflecting surface of elevation angle catoptron 2 is towards the reflecting surface of position angle catoptron 4; Incident illumination is incident upon elevation angle catoptron 2, reflexed to position angle catoptron 4 by elevation angle catoptron 2, circular hole on the part light transmission position angle catoptron 4 arrives PSD catoptron 5, and reflexed to PSD 4 quadrant detector 6 by PSD catoptron 5, another part light is reflexed to by position angle catoptron 4 and receives catoptron 8, and is received catoptron 8 and reflexes to receiving element 9.
The feedback signal of PSD 4 quadrant detector is sent to computing machine, control automatically controlled universal stage rotation by computing machine according to the feedback signal of PSD 4 quadrant detector again and make the position angle mirror motion, and the control step motor is to drive the rotation of high angle catoptron to proper angle.
Stepper motor 3, position angle catoptron 4, PSD catoptron 5 and PSD 4 quadrant detector 6 all are fixed on the automatically controlled universal stage 7.Stepper motor 3, position angle catoptron 4, PSD catoptron 5 and PSD 4 quadrant detector 6 relative positions are changeless, all along with the circumference telemechanical is done at the center of the relative universal stage of rotation of universal stage.Elevation angle catoptron 2 is fixed on the stepper motor 3, and the rotating shaft level of stepper motor 3 drives 2 rotations of elevation angle catoptron.Rotation center is on the axle of stepper motor 3.
The sun 1 illumination is mapped to the elevation angle catoptron 2 of aluminizing, sunshine 1 is reflexed to the position angle catoptron 4 of aluminizing by elevation angle catoptron 2, the angle that position angle catoptron 4 is placed is 15 °-20 ° (with respect to levels), position angle catoptron 4 reflexes to the reception catoptron 8 of aluminizing with sunshine 1, reflexes to receiving element 9 receptions by receiving catoptron 8 again.
In the middle of the position angle catoptron 4 diameter being arranged is the circular hole of 5mm, and it is the diaphragm of 1-0.5mm with the light aperture that circular hole is pasted one behind, is used to limit the spot size that shines on the PSD 4 quadrant detector 6.The sunshine reflected light shines the PSD catoptron 5 of aluminizing by the diaphragm of position angle catoptron 4, reflexes on the PSD 4 quadrant detector 6 by PSD catoptron 5.
Angle of inclination of placing by computer azimuth corner reflector 4 and elevation angle catoptron 2 angles of inclination and by adjusting automatically controlled universal stage) the position, make when hot spot shines in the central area rectangle of PSD 4 quadrant detector 6, as shown in Figure 3, the sunshine by 4 reflections of position angle catoptron can shine on the reception catoptron 8 straight down.When motion platform moved or rotate, when the elevation angle of the sun and position angle changed, the hot spot that shines on the PSD 4 quadrant detector 6 can be offset.When the hot spot horizontal direction moves, control automatically controlled universal stage 7 by PSD 4 quadrant detector 6 signal feedback, drive position angle catoptron 4, make facula position get back to the origin position of level.Move hot spot above-below direction position, by PSD 4 quadrant detector 6 signal feedback control step motors 3, makes elevation angle catoptron 2 pitch regulation to make facula position get back to the origin position of above-below direction.Make facula position get back to the center of PSD 4 quadrant detector 6 by above-mentioned adjusting.
Receiving catoptron 8 is changeless with the relative position of accepting the unit, if the sunshine through 4 reflections of position angle catoptron can shine reception catoptron 8 straight down, sunshine arrives receiving element through receiving catoptron 8 reflection total energys so, realizes the purpose of following the tracks of.

Claims (8)

1. reflective type solar infrared radioactive dynamic optical path tracking system, include receiving element, and the reception catoptron that cooperates with receiving element, it is characterized in that: also include automatically controlled universal stage, the relative horizontal line in the top of described automatically controlled universal stage is tiltedly installed with the position angle catoptron, have circular hole on the catoptron of described position angle, the PSD catoptron that the top of the automatically controlled universal stage of one side of described position angle catoptron is provided with the PSD 4 quadrant detector and cooperates with it, described PSD catoptron is positioned at the circular hole top of catoptron top, position angle, its reflecting surface is towards the PSD 4 quadrant detector, the top of the automatically controlled universal stage of reflecting surface one side of described position angle catoptron is provided with rotatable elevation angle catoptron, and the reflecting surface of described elevation angle catoptron is towards the reflecting surface of described position angle catoptron; Incident illumination is incident upon the elevation angle catoptron, by the elevation angle mirror reflects to the position angle catoptron, circular hole on the catoptron of part light transmission position angle arrives the PSD catoptron, and by the PSD mirror reflects to the PSD 4 quadrant detector, another part light to receiving catoptron, and is received mirror reflects to receiving element by the position angle mirror reflects.
2. a kind of reflective type solar infrared radioactive dynamic optical path tracking system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the Circularhole diameter on the catoptron of described position angle is 5mm, it is pasted with diaphragm behind, the described aperture of the diaphragm is 0.5mm-1mm, is used to limit the size that shines the hot spot on the PSD 4 quadrant detector.
3. a kind of reflective type solar infrared radioactive dynamic optical path tracking system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the angle that catoptron relative horizontal line in described position angle tilts is 15 °-20 °.
4. a kind of reflective type solar infrared radioactive dynamic optical path tracking system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the top of described automatically controlled universal stage is provided with stepper motor, to drive the rotation of elevation angle catoptron.
5. a kind of reflective type solar infrared radioactive dynamic optical path tracking system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: all be coated with the aluminium film on described PSD catoptron and the position angle catoptron.
6. a kind of reflective type solar infrared radioactive dynamic optical path tracking system according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: the feedback signal of described PSD 4 quadrant detector is sent to computing machine, control automatically controlled universal stage by computing machine according to the feedback signal of PSD 4 quadrant detector again and rotate to proper angle, and the control step motor is to drive the rotation of high angle catoptron.
7. a kind of reflective type solar infrared radioactive dynamic optical path tracking system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described receiving element can be a solar cell, also can be spectrometer.
8. a kind of reflective type solar infrared radioactive dynamic optical path tracking system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described automatically controlled universal stage is positioned on the motion platform.
CN2009101450067A 2009-09-18 2009-09-18 Reflective type solar infrared radioactive dynamic optical path tracking system Expired - Fee Related CN101661292B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009101450067A CN101661292B (en) 2009-09-18 2009-09-18 Reflective type solar infrared radioactive dynamic optical path tracking system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009101450067A CN101661292B (en) 2009-09-18 2009-09-18 Reflective type solar infrared radioactive dynamic optical path tracking system

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101661292A CN101661292A (en) 2010-03-03
CN101661292B true CN101661292B (en) 2011-06-01

Family

ID=41789358

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2009101450067A Expired - Fee Related CN101661292B (en) 2009-09-18 2009-09-18 Reflective type solar infrared radioactive dynamic optical path tracking system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN101661292B (en)

Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102339068B (en) * 2011-06-18 2013-05-08 扬州莱达光电技术有限公司 Method for automatically positioning image surface of four-quadrant infrared detector
CN102565064B (en) * 2012-01-13 2016-01-20 中国科学院遥感应用研究所 A kind of automatic spectrum measuring device
CN102707733B (en) * 2012-06-07 2014-07-23 中国华能集团清洁能源技术研究院有限公司 Reflector alignment detection device and working method thereof
CN103941755B (en) * 2014-04-11 2017-01-25 中国华能集团清洁能源技术研究院有限公司 Working method of reflector tracking alignment control device
CN106527506A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-03-22 倪屹 Sunlight leading-in device capable of realizing sunlight automatic tracking
CN110907382A (en) * 2019-11-22 2020-03-24 光钙(上海)高科技有限公司 Multi-component gas analyzer
CN113342064B (en) * 2021-06-15 2022-07-19 浙江大学杭州国际科创中心 Automatic sun tracker based on imaging feedback technology and automatic sun tracking method

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1183548A1 (en) * 1999-05-29 2002-03-06 Leonhard Kurz Gmbh & Co. Device which follows the position of the sun
CN101236287A (en) * 2008-02-26 2008-08-06 苏建国 Heliostat device
CN201229432Y (en) * 2007-11-13 2009-04-29 余华阳 Solar energy concentrator
JP2009139761A (en) * 2007-12-07 2009-06-25 Mitaka Koki Co Ltd Sun tracing light condensing device

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1183548A1 (en) * 1999-05-29 2002-03-06 Leonhard Kurz Gmbh & Co. Device which follows the position of the sun
CN201229432Y (en) * 2007-11-13 2009-04-29 余华阳 Solar energy concentrator
JP2009139761A (en) * 2007-12-07 2009-06-25 Mitaka Koki Co Ltd Sun tracing light condensing device
CN101236287A (en) * 2008-02-26 2008-08-06 苏建国 Heliostat device

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN101661292A (en) 2010-03-03

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN101661292B (en) Reflective type solar infrared radioactive dynamic optical path tracking system
US9709771B2 (en) Light concentrator alignment system
JP5337961B2 (en) Solar tracking module device
US9182151B2 (en) Solar power generation apparatus
WO2013017097A1 (en) Calibrating device and calibrating method for heliostat
JP5388357B2 (en) Solar power plant
CN110989695B (en) Automatic sun tracking device and method on mobile platform
JP2002081760A (en) Solar energy utilizing system
Aiuchi et al. Sensor-controlled heliostat with an equatorial mount
US10185120B2 (en) Movement control apparatus for heliostat device
US20140318600A1 (en) Concentrating photovoltaic collector
CN108954865A (en) A kind of orientation biography light solar-energy light collector
JP2009048785A (en) Sun tracking type sunlight illuminating device
CN101655411A (en) Distribution photometer
JPH06213514A (en) Earth axis type solar dish
JP3128040U (en) Light source tracking device
Aiuchi et al. Sun tracking photo-sensor for solar thermal concentrating system
JP2000146310A (en) Heliostat for solar light collecting system
JPH08222017A (en) Sunlight condensing device
CN103914079A (en) Groove spotlight type one-half-dimensional solar tracker
CN209877397U (en) Normal gauge guided mirror array
CN208779736U (en) A kind of orientation biography light solar-energy light collector
JP3965424B2 (en) Light reflection device and photovoltaic device
CN101059369A (en) Synchronous reflection distribution photometer
CN113296256B (en) Semi-physical simulation dynamic tracking system and method

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110601

Termination date: 20160918