CN101614581A - Low-frequency structure vibration monitor - Google Patents

Low-frequency structure vibration monitor Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN101614581A
CN101614581A CN200810189746A CN200810189746A CN101614581A CN 101614581 A CN101614581 A CN 101614581A CN 200810189746 A CN200810189746 A CN 200810189746A CN 200810189746 A CN200810189746 A CN 200810189746A CN 101614581 A CN101614581 A CN 101614581A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
vibration
frequency
shell block
low
interface
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN200810189746A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
肖岸文
尚超
樊校甫
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
CHANGSHA ALLNUMERIC ELECTROMECHANICAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Original Assignee
CHANGSHA ALLNUMERIC ELECTROMECHANICAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by CHANGSHA ALLNUMERIC ELECTROMECHANICAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd filed Critical CHANGSHA ALLNUMERIC ELECTROMECHANICAL TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority to CN200810189746A priority Critical patent/CN101614581A/en
Publication of CN101614581A publication Critical patent/CN101614581A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/30Wind power

Abstract

A kind of low-frequency structure vibration monitor.It mainly is to solve existing vibration measurement instrument to cost an arm and a leg, install and use inconvenience, do not record wave energy and can not carry out technical matters such as off-line vibration analysis.Its technical scheme main points are: cooperate the suit housing on shell block, be provided with three axis vibration sensor, RAM chip at shell block, three axis vibration sensor and RAM chip link, and are provided with at the two ends of shell block respectively and RAM chip link serial line interface, CAN bus interface, external sensor interface, power supply and electric current loop interface.Can be provided with LED power supply display or LED display board at the two ends of shell block.It has volume little, safe and reliable, easy to install, highly sensitive, record and memory function are arranged, and can carry out comprehensive monitoring.It can be widely used in various low-frequency structure vibrations and seismic oscillation monitoring, also can monitor in real time and forecast in early days the vibration of wind power generating set, steel construction tower body, various buildingss etc.

Description

Low-frequency structure vibration monitor
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of vibration monitoring device, especially a kind of monitor that is used for various low-frequency structure vibrations and seismic oscillation monitoring.
Background technology
At present, vibration measurement instrument commonly used all is to adopt three standalone sensors that the three-dimensional monitoring is carried out in vibration, just the accekeration of acceleration transducer is converted to 4~20mA output through analog conversion circuit, need to gather through secondary instrument, also will buy or develop vibration analysis software as the need analysis, a set of equipment expense costliness is installed and used inconvenience, and do not record wave energy, can not carry out the off-line vibration analysis.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide the low-frequency structure vibration monitor that a kind of volume is little, easy for installation, highly sensitive, record and memory function are arranged and can carry out comprehensive monitoring.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: cooperate suit housing 1 on shell block 2, described shell block 2 and housing 1 adopt metal material to make, be provided with three axis vibration sensor 3, RAM chip 4 at shell block 2, three axis vibration sensor 3 link with RAM chip 4, are provided with at the two ends of shell block 2 respectively and RAM chip 4 link serial line interface 6, CAN bus interface 7, external sensor interface 9, power supply and electric current loop interface 8.
The present invention can be provided with LED power supply display 10 or LED display board 5 at the two ends of shell block 2.Also shell block 2 is provided with mounting hole.
Serial line interface 6 of the present invention adopts RS232 or RS485 serial communication interface; The also configurable USB interface modular converter that employing CANopen agreement or user's appointment are arranged.Described three axis vibration sensor 3 are the MEMS sensor, described three axis vibration sensor, 3 built-in 3 acceleration transducers.Between three axis vibration sensor 3 and RAM chip 4, be provided with 1 system failure relay and 4 vibration monitoring passages, the alarm relay with alarming threshold value level, authentication function, locking or non-blocking function is set respectively on 4 vibration monitoring passages.Described RAM chip 4 adopts the two CPU single-chip microcomputers that are provided with memory chip.
Shell block 2 of the present invention and housing 1 can adopt aluminum alloy materials to make seal box.
The signal that three axis vibration sensor 3 of the present invention are gathered is failed the CPU microcontroller through the AD conversion unit processing of circuit after operational amplification circuit is handled, the CPU microcontroller links with each communication interface and warning circuit respectively, and output signal realizes control through digital-to-analog conversion.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: it have volume little, safe and reliable, easy to install, highly sensitive, record and memory function are arranged, and can carry out comprehensive monitoring.It can be widely used in various low-frequency structure vibrations and seismic oscillation monitoring, also can be to the vibration monitoring of the tower body of wind power generating set, driving mechanism, blade edge, the vibration that also can be used for steel construction tower body, chimney, bridge, various buildingss etc. is monitored and forecast in early days in real time.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a contour structures synoptic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a parts distributed architecture synoptic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a systematic square frame schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is an electrical block schematic diagram of the present invention.
Among the figure: 1-housing, 2-shell block, 3-three axis vibration sensor, 4-RAM chip, 5-LED display board, 6-serial line interface, 7-CAN bus interface, 8-power supply and electric current loop interface, 9-external sensor interface, 10-LED power supply display.
Embodiment
That the invention will be further described is as follows below in conjunction with drawings and Examples:
The present invention cooperates suit housing 1 on shell block 2, described shell block 2 and housing 1 adopt metal material to make, as adopt aluminum alloy materials to make seal box, the metal shell that can reach the IP67 degree of protection can prevent dust, waterproof, anti-salt fog, anti-high-strength impact, can stable operation in different complex environments.Also shell block 2 is provided with mounting hole so that install and use.Be provided with three axis vibration sensor 3, RAM chip 4 at shell block 2, three axis vibration sensor 3 link with RAM chip 4, are provided with at the two ends of shell block 2 respectively and RAM chip 4 link serial line interface 6, CAN bus interface 7, external sensor interface 9, power supply and electric current loop interface 8.It also can be provided with LED power supply display 10 or LED display board 5 at the two ends of shell block 2.Described serial line interface 6 can adopt RS232 or RS485 serial communication interface, also can adopt the combined communication interface of RS232 and RS485; The also configurable USB interface modular converter that employing CANopen agreement or user's appointment are arranged.Described three axis vibration sensor 3 are the MEMS sensor, described three axis vibration sensor, 3 built-in 3 acceleration transducers.Between three axis vibration sensor 3 and RAM chip 4, be provided with 1 system failure relay and 4 vibration monitoring passages, alarm relay with alarming threshold value level, authentication function, locking or non-blocking function is set respectively on 4 vibration monitoring passages, it can independently programme and set the time-delay of reporting to the police, to avoid false alarm.Described RAM chip 4 adopts the two CPU single-chip microcomputers that are provided with memory chip, and one group of CPU is responsible for collection, storage, the transmission of data, and another group CPU is responsible for analyzing computing, communication, thereby ensures safe and reliable to operation.After operational amplification circuit is handled defeated CPU microcontroller, the CPU microcontroller links with each communication interface and warning circuit respectively the signal of sensor acquisition, and output signal realizes control through digital-to-analog conversion through the AD conversion unit processing of circuit.Consult Fig. 1 to Fig. 4.
The present invention can be used for the low-frequency vibration situation and the Realtime Alerts of industrial occasions measuring equipment; reach the effect of measuring and protecting; its know-why is: the moments of vibration that may produce 3 directions during vibration equipment; firmly be installed on the equipment watch-dog; obtain the vibration simulation amount by the sophisticated sensor measurement; to vibrate the frequency, amplitude, acceleration etc. of first-harmonic through a series of mathematical operations and calculate, according to difference value of setting of alarm warn, the actuation of an alarm of danger is with the safety of assurance equipment.
Gordian technique and the principle that the present invention relates to are as follows:
1, can produce acceleration during mechanical vibration, this acceleration will make acceleration transducer crystal inside generation deformation, change the polarization phenomena of crystal, produce electric field at crystals, phenomenon is that electric capacity the two poles of the earth change the electric charge at two ends apart from changing, by accurate conversion circuit electric charge is changed into voltage output, this magnitude of voltage and accekeration are proportional relations, for example 10mv/g etc.
2, by low-pass filter circuit, high-pass filtering circuit acquired signal is carried out filtering, limit its broadband range, isolate unwanted signal, a frequency range by tested object.
3, filtered voltage signal is carried out signal and amplify, computing amplifier section Gain Adjustable is utilized its enlargement factor of software control, guarantees maximum acquisition precision.
4, gather by the voltage signal of high speed analog acquisition unit after to simulation process, sample frequency guarantees the real-time of collection of simulant signal and high as far as possible reductibility more than 20k/s.
The acceleration of the present invention by utilizing a series of mathematical computations conversion to obtain vibrating, frequency, speed etc., and carry out vibration analysis according to acceleration etc., provide the vibration state of equipment, and provide appropriate reasonable proposal according to user's device object.
Vibration measuring parameters The speed measurement that with mm/s is unit can be selected else with m/s 2Acceleration analysis for unit
With m/s 2Measurement range for unit Acceleration: 7m/s 2, 14m/s 2, 29m/s 2, 58m/s 2
Frequency range is according to the wave filter of ISO2954-1975 (E) 1-200Hz ◎-1dB,>-18dB/ eight rank
In danger and hydropac triggers rank Default setting: alarm in danger: peaked 50% hydropac of measurement range: measurement range peaked 80% can be adjusted to any number between the 1%-100% by by-pass cock
The alert latency time Default setting: alarm in danger=10 seconds; Hydropac=5 second can be any number of 0-100 between second by monitoring software
The alarm duration 1 second
Overall accuracy acceleration transducer: nonlinear temperature sensitivity transverse axis sensitivity wave filter: non-linear 4-20 milliampere simulation output: sensitivity Frequency range 10-200Hz ± 1.5% full scale ± 0.2% (standard specification) ± 0.45% (in-20~65 ℃ temperature range) ± 2% (maximal value) ± 2.3%=0.2dB (standard specification is specifically decided on the wave filter model) ± 0.3% (standard specification)
Average anode current 4-20 milliampere, peak load resistance are 400 ohm
Alarm output Monitor has in danger and dangerous two relays that possess break function.Two relays all are lock-out state.(30 volts of maximum voltages, 100 milliamperes of maximum currents)
Self-test function Self-test function can remote activation.Only the simulation output in when operation of testing oneself exceeds the alarm trigger rank, and when reaching corresponding hot time delay, in danger and hydropac just can start respectively.
Sensor electronics dog Acceleration transducer is equipped with built-in cyberdog, can uninterruptedly check the operation conditions of sensor.In case sensor fault occurs then the start-up system power transfer relay.
Power fail If power supply is cut off, all relays will be activated, that is: disconnect, then automatic anti-fault.
Direction of measurement Direction of measurement is parallel with the long axis direction of instrument cylindrical shell.Referring to 3.20 chapters and sections accompanying drawings.
The record ripple time >=8 seconds
Power supply + 24 volt DC ± 0.9 watt of consumed power maximal value of 10% standard is 1.3 watts
Cable Anti-oil type, polyurethane, shielding, 12 * 0.25 square millimeters of standard build-outs of openend: 2 meters (can dispose) according to the user
Enclosure material and size Material: stainless steel numbering 1.4305 is optional in addition: stainless steel is numbered 1.4404 sizes: long 150 millimeters, wide 80 millimeters, high 80 millimeters
Assembling Built-in M8 line; 10 millimeters mounting torques of line degree of depth maximal value are approximately 6.8 Ns of rice.
Enter protection IP65
Temperature range of operation Environment temperature=-20 ℃≤temperature≤+ 65 ℃
Common vibration measurement instrument just converts the accekeration of acceleration transducer to 4~20mA output through analog conversion circuit, need to gather through secondary instrument, also to buy or develop vibration analysis software as the need analysis, a set of equipment expense costliness, install and use inconvenience, and do not record wave energy, can not carry out the off-line vibration analysis.And the present invention is by being provided with interfaces such as RS485, can on PC, monitor in real time, adopt the maintenance of can cutting off the power supply of 4M internal memory recorder data, data are carried out the off-line vibration analysis after downloading, if use CAN communication longest distance can reach 10Km, the present invention can carry out parameter setting, real time data demonstration, vibrational waveform demonstration, vibration analysis result etc. by software by adopting supporting vibration monitoring software, software is easy to use, equipment set cost performance height, easy for installation, not fragile.
The present invention has innovation in theory: it is by utilizing the MEMS technology, with three traditional standalone sensors, substitute by a three-axis sensor, and space vector algorithm and incorporate design concept have been utilized, guarantee the accuracy of data acquisition, antijamming capability is strong, adopts state-of-the-art vibration algorithm, carry out computational analysis fast and accurately, for the user proposes conductive suggestion.
The present invention also has innovation on using: this integrated transducer does not need third party's instrument and equipment when using, communicate control and measuring object in real time by interfaces such as RS485, it concentrates on sensing, filtering, computing, monitoring and analysis on the circuit board by adopting the MEMS technology.
The present invention also has innovation technically: the one, and utilize the ARM technology analog quantity is sampled and to calculate, sample frequency can reach 20khz, and it has guaranteed the real-time of sampling, and has guaranteed the rapidity of mathematical operation up to the CPU frequency of 100Mhz; The 2nd, guarantee that by adopting 16 analog acquisition acquisition precision reaches 0.001g, not only can satisfy the requirement of warning protection, the data of vibration analysis needs can also be provided for the third party.The 3rd, by adopting RS232, RS485, CAN bus interface and third party's communication, high bit rate can reach 1M when communicating by letter with CAN, and communication distance can reach 10000m during the baud rate of 5k, can accomplish remote real-time monitoring.
The present invention is also having innovation on the process structure: whole vibration monitoring device is contained in the waterproof cast aluminium can, and it is corrosion-resistant, water proofing property is all fine.All components and parts of the present invention can adopt the paster original paper, can realize full-automatic production, to guarantee consistance, the high-performance of production quality.

Claims (9)

1, a kind of low-frequency structure vibration monitor, it is characterized in that: go up cooperation suit housing (1) at shell block (2), described shell block (2) and housing (1) adopt metal material to make, be provided with three axis vibration sensor (3), RAM chip (4) at shell block (2), three axis vibration sensor (3) and RAM chip (4) link, and are provided with at the two ends of shell block (2) respectively and R AM chip (4) link serial line interface (6), CAN bus interface (7), external sensor interface (9), power supply and electric current loop interface (8).
2, low-frequency structure vibration monitor according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be provided with LED power supply display (10) or LED display board (5) at the two ends of shell block (2).
3, low-frequency structure vibration monitor according to claim 1 is characterized in that: shell block (2) is provided with mounting hole.
4, low-frequency structure vibration monitor according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described serial line interface (6) adopts RS232 or RS485 serial communication interface; Or dispose the USB interface modular converter that adopts CANopen agreement or user's appointment.
5, low-frequency structure vibration monitor according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described three axis vibration sensor (3) are the MEMS sensor, built-in 3 acceleration transducers of described three axis vibration sensor (3).
6, low-frequency structure vibration monitor according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: between three axis vibration sensor (3) and RAM chip (4), be provided with 1 system failure relay and 4 vibration monitoring passages, the alarm relay with alarming threshold value level, authentication function, locking or non-blocking function is set respectively on 4 vibration monitoring passages.
7, low-frequency structure vibration monitor according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described RAM chip (4) adopts the two CPU single-chip microcomputers that are provided with memory chip.
8, low-frequency structure vibration monitor according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described shell block (2) and housing (1) adopt aluminum alloy materials to make seal box.
9, low-frequency structure vibration monitor according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the signal that described three axis vibration sensor (3) are gathered is failed the CPU microcontroller through the AD conversion unit processing of circuit after operational amplification circuit is handled, the CPU microcontroller links with each communication interface and warning circuit respectively, and output signal realizes control through digital-to-analog conversion.
CN200810189746A 2008-12-30 2008-12-30 Low-frequency structure vibration monitor Pending CN101614581A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200810189746A CN101614581A (en) 2008-12-30 2008-12-30 Low-frequency structure vibration monitor

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200810189746A CN101614581A (en) 2008-12-30 2008-12-30 Low-frequency structure vibration monitor

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101614581A true CN101614581A (en) 2009-12-30

Family

ID=41494352

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN200810189746A Pending CN101614581A (en) 2008-12-30 2008-12-30 Low-frequency structure vibration monitor

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN101614581A (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102230797A (en) * 2011-05-06 2011-11-02 天津高德尔科技有限公司 Online measuring system for inclination and micro-vibration of high-rise building
CN103256974A (en) * 2013-04-15 2013-08-21 北京天诚同创电气有限公司 Internally-arranged FFT on-line frequency detection module application
CN103542928A (en) * 2012-07-17 2014-01-29 江阴市华恒仪表有限公司 Vibratory monitoring protector
CN108801445A (en) * 2018-04-26 2018-11-13 贵州大学 A kind of vibration signal monitoring system
CN109282892A (en) * 2018-01-15 2019-01-29 上海云统信息科技有限公司 It is a kind of for measuring the device and method of mechanical equipment vibration situation

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102230797A (en) * 2011-05-06 2011-11-02 天津高德尔科技有限公司 Online measuring system for inclination and micro-vibration of high-rise building
CN103542928A (en) * 2012-07-17 2014-01-29 江阴市华恒仪表有限公司 Vibratory monitoring protector
CN103256974A (en) * 2013-04-15 2013-08-21 北京天诚同创电气有限公司 Internally-arranged FFT on-line frequency detection module application
CN109282892A (en) * 2018-01-15 2019-01-29 上海云统信息科技有限公司 It is a kind of for measuring the device and method of mechanical equipment vibration situation
CN108801445A (en) * 2018-04-26 2018-11-13 贵州大学 A kind of vibration signal monitoring system

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN101493355A (en) Integration oscillation monitoring instrument
CN101614581A (en) Low-frequency structure vibration monitor
CN201575861U (en) Integral vibration monitor
CN203893886U (en) Ecological environment real-time detection device used for crops
CN204529140U (en) Port machine operating state monitoring system
CN203323790U (en) Sensor collection control system
CN201475653U (en) A remote monitoring device combining anti-theft prewarning and cathodic protection for pipeline
CN109738104A (en) Water-turbine top cover bolt monitoring device and method
CN207407963U (en) A kind of water level monitoring system based on Internet of Things for hydraulic and hydroelectric engineering
Concepcion et al. Triaxial MEMS digital accelerometer and temperature sensor calibration techniques for structural health monitoring of reinforced concrete bridge laboratory test platform
CN201335736Y (en) Low-frequency structure vibration monitor
CN202350908U (en) Intelligent monitor for vibration and temperature
CN202350909U (en) Portable vibration measurement device
CN201926528U (en) Danger early warning system of transmission line tower based on stress detection
CN101752833A (en) State monitoring protection device
CN201454705U (en) Vibration protection device for centrifuge
CN205015079U (en) Little wind vibration of transmission line moves monitoring devices
Heo et al. Development of Smart Wireless Measurement System for Monitoring of Bridges
CN202350904U (en) Integrated vibration transmitter
CN204269221U (en) A kind of power capacitor vibration on-line monitoring device
CN202350915U (en) Vibration transmitter
CN203455927U (en) Gas alarm controller
CN207215279U (en) A kind of transformer online monitoring device based on vibrating sensor
CN202471437U (en) Portable-type fault diagnosis system
Gädeke et al. Real-time environmental emission monitoring on construction sites

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Open date: 20091230

C12 Rejection of a patent application after its publication