CN101580170A - Full automatic refuse transfer system - Google Patents

Full automatic refuse transfer system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101580170A
CN101580170A CNA2008101063055A CN200810106305A CN101580170A CN 101580170 A CN101580170 A CN 101580170A CN A2008101063055 A CNA2008101063055 A CN A2008101063055A CN 200810106305 A CN200810106305 A CN 200810106305A CN 101580170 A CN101580170 A CN 101580170A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
full automatic
pressing
refuse
control
transfer
Prior art date
Application number
CNA2008101063055A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
尹志伟
贾云杰
边晓娟
Original Assignee
北京航天长峰股份有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 北京航天长峰股份有限公司 filed Critical 北京航天长峰股份有限公司
Priority to CNA2008101063055A priority Critical patent/CN101580170A/en
Publication of CN101580170A publication Critical patent/CN101580170A/en

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Abstract

The invention relates to a full automatic refuse transfer system which belongs to the field of environmental pollution. The full automatic refuse transfer system comprises a refuse pressing and loading machine, a material groove, a feeding device, a refuse transfer car and a control system of the refuse transfer car. The full automatic refuse transfer system adopts an ultrasonic wave analog quantity sensor to judge a material position in the material groove and control the material groove to push materials and the pressing and loading machine to press and load the material, adopts a traffic signal lamp and a phonetic system to promote a collecting car to unload the materials and the transfer car to butt, adopts PLC control and modular design, realizes automatic control on all actions and is configured with a computer management system. The system has high full automatic degree and reliability, enables refuse transfer work to be finished with less manpower input, changes the labor intensity of a working staff and protects the environment.

Description

Full automatic refuse transfer system
Technical field
The present invention relates to the environmental protection field, particularly relate to a kind of full automatic refuse transfer system.
Background technology
In the treatment of urban garbage of China, need set up refuse transfer station from refuse collection to final processing intermediate link and solve the city garbage problem.At present,, do not realize totally-enclosed operation yet, make garbage disposal efficient reduce, and cause ambient environment to pollute easily owing to do not realize full automaticity in the garbage disposal.
Summary of the invention
The utility model full automatic refuse transfer system purpose is to provide a cover to enter the station to be dumped into from collecting cart to press-fit the transfer car(buggy) departures of finishing, all processes is realized automation control, make full use of advanced control technology, increase work efficiency, improve staff's working environment, avoid ambient environment to pollute.
For achieving the above object, the present invention adopts technical solution to be: full automatic refuse transfer system comprises that refuse pressing and loading machine, hopper and material-pulling device, rubbish van and control system thereof constitute, described hopper and material-pulling device are positioned at two-layer platform, refuse pressing and loading machine is positioned at the hopper below, and rubbish van and pressing machine are located on one deck workshop.
Described control system controlled step comprises: two layers of discharging platform unload feed chute with rubbish on the collecting cart, material-pulling device is delivered to material in the refuse pressing and loading machine accepting chamber of hopper below in the hopper, and pressing machine is sent in the transfer car(buggy) after rubbish in the accepting chamber is directly compressed or compresses.Everything is realized automation control fully by control system, makes full use of the development of modern science and technology, and latest fields is incorporated in the waste transportation automation process.
Whole process control systems is divided into three kinds of modes: manual, automatic and upper computer Long-distance Control.Manually control is directly finished by button on the operating operation case; Automatic guidance does not need human intervention, relies on various sensors to provide signal and finishes a series of actions.The upper computer Long-distance Control realizes non-at-scene manual control and automatic guidance, carries out Long-distance Control by computer interface.Long-distance Control adopts PLC control, and it is mainly used to replace relay to realize logic control, and along with the development of technology, the function of this device has substantially exceeded the scope of logic control.Its advantage: program is convenient, but the scene update routine; Install simply, easy to maintenance, adopt modular construction; Reliability is higher than relay control device; Volume is less than relay control device; Data can directly be sent into supervisory computer; Cost can be competed with relay control device; When expansion, as long as original system is very minor change; In a word, Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) is to use the computing machine that manufactures and designs for industrial environment specially.
Described hopper top is equipped with automatic spraying device, and described automatic spraying device comprises parking stall sensor and electromagnetism water valve, is that parking stall sensor sensing collecting cart stops discharging with the ultrasonic transduter, and electromagnetic valve is opened, spray dust.
Described hopper also is equipped with level sensor, is level sensor induction blanking position with the ultrasonic transduter, the feed direction of decision material-pulling device and the action of pressing machine.
Also be provided with LOAD CELLS on the described pressing machine, described LOAD CELLS has two, is installed on respectively on pressing machine bottom support bracket and the pressing machine pressing device vertical beam.
At refuse pressing and loading machine function of weighing is arranged, take dual weighing: LOAD CELLS is installed on the bottom support bracket, on refuse pressing and loading machine pressing device vertical beam, LOAD CELLS is installed, make when weighing hopper can receive collecting cart discharging and unrestricted at any time, guaranteed the continuous discharge of collecting cart toward the pressing machine feeding.
Accuracy for guaranteeing to weigh in precompressed mode pressing machine, refuse pressing and loading machine adopts seal with elastometic washer to be connected with hopper, can not weld.
Traffic signal lamp also are installed on the described two-layer platform, and commander's collecting cart is selected the unloading station discharging.
Described one deck workshop also is provided with traffic signal lamp and speech prompting system, and commander's transfer car(buggy) docks and leaves.
The time move backward spacing connection signal and jacking apparatus jacking of transfer car(buggy) butt joint puts, falls the signal that puts in place in place and adopt travel switch, the two-way material-pulling device of a hopper left side pushes away, the right side pushes away, precedingly push away, retreat, anti-fluffy block apparatus stretches out, withdrawal and pressing machine locking, release, latch, carry pin, carry plate, plate, pressing device advance, retreat etc., and a series of actions puts signal in place by providing near switch.
Equipment disposition in the system: a cover hopper can have one or more blanking ports, and each blanking port below configuration one cover refuse pressing and loading machine is accepted rubbish.Can adopt the two-way material-pulling device or the vertical feeding in double-deck hopper upper strata of left and right sides feeding in the hopper, the two-way material-pulling device pattern of lower floor's left and right sides feeding.Transfer car(buggy) can be chosen suitable quantity according to waste transportation amount and transportation range, and transfer car(buggy) can adopt integral type transfer car(buggy) or semi-trailer transfer car(buggy).
For guaranteeing that refuse pressing and loading machine no dust in press-fiting process leaks, the pressing machine front port embeds the transfer car(buggy) rear inside, establishes rubber seal at the pressing machine front end, and transfer car(buggy) rear end, butt joint back is pushed down seal ring fully.Transfer car(buggy) and pressing machine all are provided with sewage collection system, guarantee no sewage crossing current phenomenon in the compression process.
Owing to adopt above-mentioned technical solution, make rubbish degree of automation height in transport process, the rubbish transfer is carried out under closed type, improves workman's working environment, is fit to China's national situation.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 full automatic refuse transfer system flow scheme.
The full automatic control refuse transfer system of Fig. 2 layout of equipment.
The specific embodiment
Among Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, full automatic refuse transfer system comprises refuse pressing and loading machine, hopper and two-way material-pulling device, rubbish van and control system structure thereof.
Two layers of discharging hall between transfer car(buggy): refuse collector enters two layers of discharging hall, unloading station is found in indication according to traffic signal lamp (4) accurately, rubbish is unloaded in the feed chute (1), in the time of discharging, parking stall sensor (3) obtains signal, fog system starts, and the electromagnetism water valve is opened, and the rubbish that draws off is carried out depositing dust; Two-way material-pulling device (2) in the hopper (1) is pushed to rubbish in the accepting chamber of refuse pressing and loading machine (6) according to the indication of level sensor (5).
One deck between transfer car(buggy): rubbish van (13) is got back to transfer point, prompting lower edge reversing pilot bar reversing (12) at traffic signal lamp (14) and voice (15) is docked with refuse pressing and loading machine, after reversing spacing (10) signal is connected, jacking apparatus (11) jack-up transfer car(buggy) (13) keel beam, catch gear (9) pins transfer car(buggy) (13) locking frame, bolt mechanism (8) latch, plate lifting device (7) are carried plate and are mentioned transfer car(buggy) (13) plate and pressing machine (6) plate simultaneously, and butt joint is finished; The pressing device (16) of refuse pressing and loading machine (6) advances and will be compressed in the rubbish van (13) behind direct compression of rubbish in the accepting chamber or the precompressed compression, and directly compression is finished with counting machine and calculated the weight, and precompressed compression adopts dual sensor of weighing to carry out computation weigh; Reach the load-carrying requirement, press-fit and finish, pressing device (16) retreats in the back pressure installation casing; Rubbish van begins to separate with refuse pressing and loading machine, plate lifting device (7) plate, plug in transfer car(buggy) plate and pressing machine plate down simultaneously, bolt mechanism (8) is carried pin, catch gear (9) release, and locking bail opens, jacking apparatus (11) falls, voice system (15) prompting press-fits to be finished, and rubbish van (13) leaves pressing machine (6) docking port, and rubbish van (13) goes out transfer point.
Owing to adopt above-mentioned technical solution, make rubbish degree of automation height in transport process, the rubbish transfer is carried out under closed type, improves workman's working environment, is fit to China's national situation.

Claims (10)

1, full automatic refuse transfer system, it is characterized in that: comprise that refuse pressing and loading machine, hopper and material-pulling device, rubbish van and control system thereof constitute, described hopper and material-pulling device are positioned at two-layer platform, refuse pressing and loading machine is positioned at the hopper below, rubbish van and pressing machine are located on one deck workshop, and the system system realizes automation control fully.
2, full automatic refuse transfer system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the step of described control system control comprises: two layers of discharging platform unload feed chute with rubbish on the collecting cart, material-pulling device is delivered to material in the refuse pressing and loading machine accepting chamber of hopper below in the hopper, and pressing machine is sent in the transfer car(buggy) after rubbish in the accepting chamber is directly compressed or compresses.
3, full automatic refuse transfer system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described control system comprises manually, automatic and upper computer Long-distance Control.
4, full automatic refuse transfer system according to claim 3 is characterized in that: described upper computer Long-distance Control adopts PLC control.
5, full automatic refuse transfer system according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described hopper top is equipped with automatic spraying device, described automatic spraying device comprises parking stall sensor and electromagnetism water valve, with the ultrasonic transduter is that parking stall sensor sensing collecting cart stops discharging, electromagnetic valve is opened, spray dust.
6, full automatic refuse transfer system according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described hopper top also is equipped with level sensor, with the ultrasonic transduter is level sensor induction blanking position, the feed direction of decision material-pulling device and the action of pressing machine.
7, full automatic refuse transfer system according to claim 2 is characterized in that: also be provided with LOAD CELLS on the described pressing machine, described LOAD CELLS has two, is installed on respectively on pressing machine bottom support bracket and the pressing machine pressing device vertical beam.
8, full automatic refuse transfer system according to claim 7 is characterized in that: refuse pressing and loading machine adopts seal with elastometic washer to be connected with hopper.
9, full automatic refuse transfer system according to claim 2 is characterized in that: traffic signal lamp also are installed on the described two-layer platform, and commander's collecting cart is selected the unloading station discharging.
10, full automatic refuse transfer system according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described one deck workshop also is provided with traffic signal lamp and speech prompting system, and commander's transfer car(buggy) docks and leaves.
CNA2008101063055A 2008-05-12 2008-05-12 Full automatic refuse transfer system CN101580170A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA2008101063055A CN101580170A (en) 2008-05-12 2008-05-12 Full automatic refuse transfer system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA2008101063055A CN101580170A (en) 2008-05-12 2008-05-12 Full automatic refuse transfer system

Publications (1)

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CN101580170A true CN101580170A (en) 2009-11-18

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103482272A (en) * 2012-06-11 2014-01-01 王忠强 Method for conveying food waste by standard circulation box with recording and counting functions
CN104370041A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-02-25 中建五局蚌埠建筑工程有限公司 Construction waste transfer station
CN104843401A (en) * 2015-04-13 2015-08-19 深圳市龙澄高科技环保有限公司 Rubbish compression transport system and rubbish compression transport method
CN105068500A (en) * 2015-07-22 2015-11-18 武汉理工大学 Municipal solid waste processing station automatic transporting system and method based on short messages
CN105129296A (en) * 2015-09-24 2015-12-09 中联重科股份有限公司 Reversing control method, device and system as well as refuse transfer truck
CN106081426A (en) * 2016-08-04 2016-11-09 苏州健雄职业技术学院 A kind of community based on unmanned plane intelligent garbage recovery system and method for work thereof
CN106273635A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-04 河南省中原奥起实业有限公司 A kind of control system of community intelligent garbage compressor
CN106379676A (en) * 2016-09-27 2017-02-08 广西玉柴专用汽车有限公司 Front-loading rear-unloading piston type refuse transfer station and refuse transfer method thereof

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103482272A (en) * 2012-06-11 2014-01-01 王忠强 Method for conveying food waste by standard circulation box with recording and counting functions
CN104370041A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-02-25 中建五局蚌埠建筑工程有限公司 Construction waste transfer station
CN104843401A (en) * 2015-04-13 2015-08-19 深圳市龙澄高科技环保有限公司 Rubbish compression transport system and rubbish compression transport method
CN105068500A (en) * 2015-07-22 2015-11-18 武汉理工大学 Municipal solid waste processing station automatic transporting system and method based on short messages
CN105129296A (en) * 2015-09-24 2015-12-09 中联重科股份有限公司 Reversing control method, device and system as well as refuse transfer truck
CN106081426A (en) * 2016-08-04 2016-11-09 苏州健雄职业技术学院 A kind of community based on unmanned plane intelligent garbage recovery system and method for work thereof
CN106081426B (en) * 2016-08-04 2018-07-06 苏州健雄职业技术学院 A kind of community's intelligent garbage recovery system and its method of work based on unmanned plane
CN106273635A (en) * 2016-08-30 2017-01-04 河南省中原奥起实业有限公司 A kind of control system of community intelligent garbage compressor
CN106273635B (en) * 2016-08-30 2018-08-03 河南省中原奥起实业有限公司 A kind of control system and control method of cell intelligent garbage compression set
CN106379676A (en) * 2016-09-27 2017-02-08 广西玉柴专用汽车有限公司 Front-loading rear-unloading piston type refuse transfer station and refuse transfer method thereof

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Application publication date: 20091118

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