CN101419755B - Multifunctional simulation training apparatus for welding - Google Patents

Multifunctional simulation training apparatus for welding Download PDF

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CN101419755B
CN101419755B CN 200810187231 CN200810187231A CN101419755B CN 101419755 B CN101419755 B CN 101419755B CN 200810187231 CN200810187231 CN 200810187231 CN 200810187231 A CN200810187231 A CN 200810187231A CN 101419755 B CN101419755 B CN 101419755B
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welding
handle
wire
analog
axis
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CN 200810187231
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CN101419755A (en
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Zhou Anming
Wu Hong
Yu Ping
Ji Ruixing
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Ji Ruixing
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Abstract

The invention relates to a welder training device, in particular to a multifunctional welding simulated training device which comprises welding simulator consisting of a welding torch handle, a welding stick handle, a motion device which drives the welding torch handle and the welding stick handle to move and a motion track arc length detector. Simulated welding stick melting devices are arrangedin the welding torch handle and the welding stick handle. A computer controller controls the welding simulator to work and receives a signal of the motion track arc length detector. A display is connected with the computer controller. Drive programs of the welding simulator under various conditions of different welding methods, different welding positions and different welding specification parameters are stored in the computer controller. The display displays a human-machine alternation interface and the simulating welding process, and the interface is used for selecting corresponding simulation type and the automatic operation and the manual operation of the welding torch handle and the welding stick handle. The multifunctional welding simulated training device is sued for teaching the student step by step to ensure that the student grasps correct operation fast; after the training, the device can be sued for validating; and the device reduces the training expense.

Description

多功能焊接模拟训练装置 Multifunctional welding simulation training apparatus

技术领域[0001] 本发明涉及一种焊工培训装置,特别是一种培训焊工进行多种焊接方法实际操作的多功能焊接模拟训练装置。 Technical Field [0001] The present invention relates to a welder training apparatus, in particular a training simulation training welders welding apparatus more versatile method of actual welding operation.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 焊接学员是通过积累焊接的实践经验来提高焊接技能。 [0002] welding students is to improve welding skills through practical experience of welding. 通常情况下,是利用实际的焊接机来焊接众多的实际焊缝,直到他发展到已经掌握必要的焊接技能。 Under normal circumstances, the use of the actual welding machine to weld a large number of actual weld until he has mastered the development of the necessary welding skills. 这种训练方法, 导致过度使用材料和电能,培养的学员不具备即时质量信息反馈的能力。 This training method, resulting in excessive use of student materials and energy, culture does not have the capability of real-time quality information feedback.

[0003] 目前,国内现有现有的技术大多为软件模拟,实际操作几乎没有。 [0003] At present, most of the existing technology available software to simulate the actual operation almost nothing. 已申请专利的大都为机械式的模拟,不具备软件的灵活性。 Patented mostly mechanical simulation, it does not have the flexibility of software. 如: Such as:

[0004] 87200774实用新型提供一种不需用实际焊接设备、电焊条、钢板及相应能耗就能使操作者模拟和体会大部分焊接工艺的实际状况。 [0004] 87200774 invention provides a welding apparatus without an actual use, welding electrodes, power consumption and corresponding plate so that the operator can simulate and realize the actual status of the majority of the welding process. 学员手持模拟焊钳指向模拟钢板,启动后,在模拟焊条以“焊条熔化速度”向回收缩的情况下在模拟钢板上“焊接”划出笔迹。 Participants held analog simulation steel welding tongs point, after starting, the electrodes to simulate "electrode melting speed" back to the case of contraction of "welding" draw stroke on an analog plate. “焊缝”直观,易于教学,缩短焊工培训时间,该实用新型结构简单,模拟逼真,可用于在各种条件下对新电焊工培训操作技术。 "Weld" is intuitive and easy teaching, welders shorten training time, the new structure is simple, realistic simulation can be used under various conditions in a training technique for the new utility welders.

[0005] 90216955. 6电焊工培训模拟器,由模拟焊把、模拟焊条、模拟焊弧、传动机构以及 [0005] 90216955.6 welders training simulator, the simulation to welding, welding rod analog, simulated welding arc, and the transmission mechanism

提供动力的微型电动机组成,其主要特征是模拟焊条由结构相似不同直径的伸缩杆组成, 伸缩杆内贯穿一钢丝绳,由电机带动一卷筒转动,拉动钢丝绳使伸缩杆按一定的速度回缩而模拟焊条熔化。 Powered miniature motor, whose main feature is a mock electrode structure similar telescopic rods of different diameters, the inner telescopic rod through a wire rope, a spool rotatably driven by the motor, so that the telescopic rod is retracted to pull the rope by a certain speed mock electrode melting.

[0006] 200510110319. 0 一种仿真电焊机的电焊间距检测电路及方法,其电路包括相连的高压取样电路和隔离运算放大器,其中:高压取样电路,包括依次相连的取样电路、检流电路和峰值保持电路,用于保证隔离运算放大器的输入端有一定时间段的电压为峰值电压; 隔离运算放大器,用于在高压脉冲电路上的抗干扰与隔离。 [0006] Welding pitch detection circuit and method for welding on a simulation 200510110319.0, which comprises a high voltage circuit and a sampling circuit connected to the isolation operational amplifier, wherein: the high voltage sampling circuit including a sampling circuit connected sequentially, and the peak sense circuit holding circuit for ensuring isolating operational amplifier input voltage for a certain period of time the peak voltage; isolation operational amplifier circuit for the high voltage pulse of interference and isolation. 本发明使得仿真电焊机的仿真电焊条与“焊接板材”之间的距离的检测水准得以提高,以便于正确评价电焊操作的训练水平,从而满足电焊机实际训练的要求。 The present invention allows simulation simulation welding welding with the distance between the detection level "weld sheet" is increased, the level of training in order to properly evaluate the welding operation, welding requirements to meet the actual training. 本发明既能达到培训的真实效果,又可大幅降低能源消耗、节约电焊条和钢板原材料,同时避免电焊机工作所引起的环境污染。 The present invention can achieve real effectiveness of training, but also significantly reduce energy consumption and save welding steel material, while avoiding the environmental pollution caused by the welding work.

[0007] 200620113294. X实用新型专利公开了一种手工电焊教学模拟器。 [0007] 200620113294. X utility model discloses a manual welding teaching simulator. 该模拟器包括模拟焊条、给进装置、驱动装置、控制装置和手柄,模拟焊条一侧加工成锯齿状,模拟焊条的锯齿与手柄上部给进装置的齿轮相啮合,与模拟焊条相啮合的齿轮下方设有一个与之同轴的齿轮,该齿轮与驱动装置的齿轮相啮合,驱动装置的齿轮与驱动装置的发条同轴,并可在发条的作用下转动。 The simulator comprises a mock electrode, feed means, drive means, control means and a handle, the analog processing serrated side electrode, an analog sawtooth electrode to an upper portion of the handle into the gear engagement means, and engagement gear mock electrode is provided below a coaxial gear, the gear meshed with the drive means, the drive gear coaxially spring means driving device, and may be rotated by the mainspring. 本实用新型以发条为动力源,通过齿轮传动,使模拟焊条能够按实际焊条的熔化速度退回,让使用者感受同实际操作一样的感觉,该结构比用电机插电更经济、更方便,而且其制造成本很低,使产品更容易普及。 The present invention mainspring as the power source, through the gear, so that the electrode can be returned to simulate the actual welding by melting rate, allowing users to feel the same as the actual operational feeling, this configuration is more economical than electric motor plug, more convenient, and its manufacturing cost is very low, making the product easier to spread.

[0008] 200720108893. 7实用新型专利公开了一种电焊模拟训练装置它包括模拟电焊钳和模拟工件的夹持架;模拟电焊钳的端部装有模拟焊条进给器,后者设有断面为多边形的进给导向筒;断面与进给导向筒相同并与其滑动配合的模拟焊条安插在进给导向筒中,模拟焊条的下端设有书写笔。 [0008] Utility model patent 200720108893.7 discloses a welding apparatus comprising gripping simulation training for simulating and modeling welding clamp the workpiece; welding tongs simulation ends with mock electrode feeder, which cross section is provided with polygon feeding guide cylinder; the same section of the feed guide cylinder sliding fit therewith, and an analog feed electrodes placed in the guide cylinder, the lower end of the rod is provided with the analog pen. 可调速的直流电机驱动的齿轮带动下端设有书写笔的模拟焊条下移,在固定于可快速安装和拆卸的模拟工件夹持架上的纸筒或纸板上画出模拟焊缝。 Adjustable speed DC motor driven gear drive provided with a lower end of the pen down mock electrode in the simulated workpiece fixed to the quick mounting and demounting of the clamping frame or paperboard tubes are shown simulated weld. 该实用新型在对电焊徒工进行初期训练时,手持模拟电焊钳进行练习,它不需接通动力电源、 不消耗电焊条、钢材和焊接用电,又有随着模拟焊条逐渐缩短、电焊钳随之向工件靠拢的手感,在电焊徒工培训练习期间可节约大量费用开支。 When the invention is performed in the initial training of the apprentice welding, welding clamp holding analog practice, it does not require a power supply is turned on, it does not consume welding, electric welding and steel, but also gradually reduced as the mock electrode, welding tongs with the feel closer to the workpiece during welding apprentice training exercises can save a lot of expenses.

[0009] 综上,现有有关焊接培训的装置存在以下问题: [0009] In summary, the conventional apparatus has the following problems concerning welding training:

[0010] 1、大都为机械式的模拟,不具备软件的灵活性。 [0010] 1, mostly mechanical simulation, does not have the flexibility of software. [0011 ] 2、不能教给学员如何进行正确操作。 [0011] 2, you can not teach students how to properly operate.

[0012] 3、只有手工电弧焊的培训,缺少熔化极气体保护焊、非溶化极气体保护焊等其他焊接方法的培训。 [0012] 3, only manual arc welding training, lack of MIG welding other welding methods, non-melting GMAW like training.

[0013] 4、练过程中,学员的操作是否正确,不能直观地显示出来。 [0013] 4, the process of training, the correct operation of the participants can not be visually displayed.

[0014] 国外虽然在这方面的技术已经达到一个非常成熟的水平,但其生产的装置只侧重软件信息的提供,并没有完全地在实际操作中提供一个完全的技术指导。 [0014] Although foreign technology in this area has reached a very mature level, but the only device of its production focus on providing software information, and does not provide a full technical guidance in practice completely.

[0015] 有鉴于上述现有的焊工培训装置所存在的上述缺陷,本设计人基于从事此类产品设计制造多年丰富的实务经验及专业知识,并配合学理的运用,积极加以研究创新,以期创设一种多功能焊接模拟训练装置,能够改进一般现有焊接模拟训练装置,使其更具有实用性。 [0015] the above defective view of the conventional welder training device exists, the designer based in these products for many years a wealth of design and manufacture of practical experience and professional knowledge, and with the use of scientific principle, be actively pursued research and innovation, in order to create A multifunctional welding simulation training apparatus capable of improving general conventional welding simulation training devices make it more practical. 经过不断的研究、设计,并经反复试作样品及改进后,终于创设出确具实用价值的本发明。 After continuous research, design, and after repeated samples and test for improvement, and finally the creation of the present invention indeed has practical value.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0016] 本发明的目的在于,克服现有焊接模拟训练装置存在的缺陷,而提供一种不仅仅能培训手工电弧焊,而且能培训其他各种焊接方法的多功能焊接模拟训练装置。 [0016] The object of the present invention is to overcome the problems of the conventional welding apparatus simulation training, and training can not provide a SMAW, but also multi-functional training simulation of welding various welding methods other training apparatus.

[0017] 本发明的另一个目的还在于提供一种利用计算机控制硬件运动来模拟老焊工的手,达到对学员手把手教的效果的多功能焊接模拟训练装置。 [0017] Another object of the present invention is to provide a motion control hardware using a computer to simulate the old welder hand, to achieve multi-function welding device to effect simulation training of practitioners taught.

[0018] 本发明的目的及解决其技术问题是采用以下的技术方案来实现的。 [0018] The objects and solve the technical problem of the invention is achieved by the following technical solution.

[0019] 依据本发明提出的一种多功能焊接模拟训练装置,包括由焊枪手柄和焊丝手柄、 驱动焊枪手柄及焊丝手柄运动的运动装置和运动轨迹弧长检测器所构成的焊接模拟器,所述焊枪手柄中设有模拟焊条熔化进给装置,所述焊丝手柄中设有模拟焊丝熔化装置,所述焊枪手柄中的模拟焊条熔化进给装置和所述焊丝手柄中的模拟焊丝熔化装置是马达驱动的牙轮送丝装置,所述焊枪手柄包括:供学员握持的第一手柄、连接所述第一手柄的第一手柄壳体及模拟焊条,所述第一手柄壳体内设有由第一马达驱动的第一主动轮,所述第一主动轮的一侧设有具有第一弹簧的第一压紧轮,所述第一手柄壳体上还设有贯通上下的第一插孔,所述模拟焊条设于第一插孔的中心并穿过所述第一主动轮和第一压紧轮之间,所述第一手柄壳体上还设有用于固设于运动装置上的第 [0019] According to one multifunctional welding simulation training device proposed by the invention, comprises a handle and a wire from the welding gun handle, driving simulator welding torch handle and wire movement of the handle means and the trajectory of the motion detector consisting of arc length, the said torch handle is provided with means to melt the mock electrode, the welding wire melting handle is provided with an analog device, the welding torch handle analog melt feed means and analog wire melting the wire in the handle is a motor the wire feed driving roller means, said torch handle comprising: a first grip handle for the participants, a first handle connected to said first handle housing and mock electrode, the first handle from the first housing equipped with a first motor-driven capstan, the capstan side of the first press-on roller is provided with a first spring having a first, upper housing further the first handle is provided with a first insertion hole through the upper and lower, a first electrode provided on the analog jack and through the center between the first capstan and a first pinch roller, provided with a further fixed on the first moving means on the first handle housing 固定块;所述焊丝手柄包括:第二手柄壳体及模拟焊丝,所述第二手柄壳体内设有由第二马达驱动的第二主动轮,所述第二主动轮的一侧设有具有第二弹簧的第二压紧轮,所述第二手柄壳体上还设有贯通上下的第二插孔,所述模拟焊丝插设于所述第二插孔的中心并穿过所述第二主动轮和第二压紧轮之间,所述第二手柄壳体上还设有用于固设于运动装置上的第二固定块;所述运动装置包括焊枪手柄运动装置、焊丝手柄运动装置及焊枪手柄摆动装置,所述焊枪手柄摆动装置是由丝杠螺母所构成的XY直角坐标运动装置,具体是由左、右支撑板、连接左、右支撑板两侧的二X轴导杆、设于左、右支撑板中间的X轴丝杠、设于左支撑板上连接X轴丝杠的X轴步进电机、分别设于左、右支撑板上的左、右限位开关、设置于左支撑板上的零位开关、以螺母与X轴丝杠螺 Fixed block; the wire handle comprising: a handle housing and an analog second wire, said second handle housing equipped with a second drive wheel driven by a second motor, said second side of the capstan is provided with the second pinch roller is a second spring, said upper housing further has a second insertion hole through the upper and lower second handle, the analog wire inserted in the center of the second insertion hole and through the first between the two driving wheels and a second pinch roller, said second handle further provided with a second housing for fixing block fixed to the movement means; said moving means comprises moving means torch handle, the wire movement of the handle means and torch handle pivot means, said pivot means torch handle is an XY rectangular coordinate movement means constituted by a screw nut, in particular by the left and right support plates, connected to two X-axis guides on both sides of left and right support plates, provided on the left, middle and right X-axis spindle support plate, provided on the left support plate connected to the X-axis X-axis stepper motor lead screw, are provided on the left and the right and left support plates, the right limit switch, provided zero switch to the left support plate to the X axis lead screw nut screwed 且滑设于二X轴导杆上的X轴滑台、设于所述X轴滑台上的Y轴步进电机、 Y轴丝杠、二Y轴导杆、设于X轴滑台两端的限位开关、设于X轴滑台上的零位开关和以螺母与Y轴丝杠螺合且滑设于二Y轴导杆上的Y轴滑台所构成,设有一滑板,所述滑板位于Y轴滑台左侧,并以螺母与X轴丝杠螺合且滑设于二X轴导杆上;所述焊枪手柄运动装置及焊丝手柄运动装置是由丝杠螺母滑块所构成的Z轴直线运动装置;所述焊枪手柄运动装置及焊丝手柄运动装置分别与所述Y轴滑台和滑板铰接,于铰接处设有连接计算机控制器控制转角的步进电机;所述焊枪手柄及焊丝手柄分别固设于所述Z轴直线运动装置的滑块上;所述运动轨迹弧长检测器是由检测平面运动轨迹的平面位置传感器和检测模拟焊条或模拟焊丝的弧长检测器所构成,所述弧长检测器枢设于平面位置传感器的壳体上,具 And two X-axis slider disposed on the X-axis guide rod slide, disposed on the X-axis slide table in the Y-axis stepper motor, a Y-axis lead screw, two Y-axis guides, provided on the two X-axis slide end limit switch, set at zero in the X-axis slide position switch to the stage and the Y-axis lead screw nut screwed to the Y-axis and slidingly disposed on two Y-axis guide rod slide formed, is provided with a sliding plate, said sliding plate Y-axis slide on the left, and to the screw nut screwed with the X-axis and the X axis slider disposed on two guide rod; said torch handle and welding movement means a movement of the handle means are constituted by a slider spindle nut Z-axis linear motion apparatus; said torch handle and the wire moving means of the movement of the handle means and the Y-axis slide and the slide hinge, the stepping motor is connected with a computer controller at the articulation angle, respectively; and the torch handle wire handle are fixed to the Z-axis linear motion slider means; arc length of the trajectory detector is constituted by a flat trajectory detection plane and the position detecting sensor or simulated mock electrode wire arc length detector , the arc length detector is pivoted to the plane of the position sensor housing having 体是,所述平面位置传感器壳体一侧枢设有焊丝插管和焊条插管,所述焊丝插管和焊条插管内分别设有检测模拟焊丝或模拟焊条与工件距离的长度传感器,以及能被长度传感器感测的与所述模拟焊条及模拟焊丝固定的拨杆,所述焊丝插管和焊条插管与平面位置传感器壳体的连接枢轴上设有角度传感器;一计算机控制器控制所述焊接模拟器工作,并接受所述运动轨迹弧长检测器的信号,一显示器连接所述计算机控制器,其中所述计算机控制器储存有各种不同焊接方法、不同焊接位置、不同焊接规范参数条件下的焊接模拟器的驱动程序;所述显示器显示人机交互界面及模拟焊接过程,通过此界面选择相应的模拟类型和焊枪手柄及焊丝手柄的自动与手动。 Body, said flat side of the sensor housing pivot position with the cannula and electrode wires cannula are provided with a length sensor for detecting the analog or analog wire electrode and the workpiece in the distance from the wire rod and the cannula the cannula, and length of the sensor can be sensed with the analog and analog wire electrode fixed lever, the cannula and the wire is provided with a pivot angle sensor is connected to the plane electrode cannula housing of the position sensor; a computer controller the welding work simulator, and receiving said trajectory arc length detector signal, a computer display connected to the controller, wherein the controller computer stores various welding methods, different welding positions, different welding specifications driver welding parameter conditions under simulator; the display to display a human-machine interface and simulation welding process, this interface by selecting a corresponding analog type welding gun and the wire handle grip and automatic and manual.

[0020] 除上述必要技术特征外,在具体实施过程中,还可进一步补充如下技术内容。 [0020] In addition to the above essential features, in the specific implementation, the following technical content can be further added.

[0021] 所述的多功能焊接模拟训练装置,其特征在于所述模拟焊条或模拟焊丝为下部设有电加热器的长管,所述长管内装有可循环利用的易熔金属或非金属条。 [0021] The simulation training multifunctional welding apparatus, wherein the analog or analog wire electrode is provided with a lower electric heater tube length, the tube that has the length or non-fusible metal recyclable article.

[0022] 所述的多功能焊接模拟训练装置,其特征在于所述平面位置传感器是光学机械平面位置传感器或光电平面位置传感器。 [0022] The multifunctional welding simulation training apparatus, wherein said plane position sensor is an optical position sensor or opto-mechanical planarization plane position sensor.

[0023] 所述的多功能焊接模拟训练装置,其特征在于所述长度传感器是光电检测器,具体是于焊丝插管和焊条插管内设有相隔一定距离的上、下二光电收发装置,所述二光电收发装置连接所述计算机控制器,根据模拟焊条或模拟焊丝对上、下二光电收发装置的阻挡情况检测模拟焊丝或模拟焊条端部位置。 [0023] The multifunctional welding simulation training apparatus, wherein said length sensor is a photodetector, in particular in the cannula and electrode wires equipped with the cannula a distance from, the two optoelectronic transceiver means, the two optoelectronic transceiver means connected to said computer controller, or according to the simulated mock electrode wire pairs, where the two barrier detecting means optoelectronic transceiver analog or analog wire rod end position.

[0024] 所述的多功能焊接模拟训练装置,其特征在于所述长度传感器是电磁检测器,具体是,所述焊丝插管和焊条插管内设有一线圈,所述线圈连接所述计算机控制器,根据模拟焊条或模拟焊丝进入线圈的长度所产生的电感量的变化检测模拟焊丝或模拟焊条端部位置。 [0024] The multifunctional welding simulation training apparatus, wherein said length sensor is an electromagnetic sensor, in particular, the wire electrode and the cannula the cannula equipped with a coil, the coil is connected to the control computer , a change in inductance according to an analog or analog wire electrode into the length of the coil generated by detecting an analog or analog wire rod end position.

[0025] 本发明的优点在于: [0025] The advantage of the present invention:

[0026] 1、学员手握焊接手柄和焊丝手柄,通过计算机控制运动装置来模拟老焊工的手, 达到对学员手把手教的效果,使学员能迅速掌握正确操作。 [0026] 1, participants holding welding wire and a handle grip, the hand of the welder to simulate the old computer-controlled movement means to achieve the effect of the students taught, so that students can quickly grasp the correct operation.

[0027] 2、本发明通过人机交互界面,可选择相应的模拟类型,焊枪手柄及焊丝手柄的自动与手动,实现多种焊接方法的模拟培训,包括手工电弧焊、熔化极气体保护焊、非溶化极气体保护焊等及其他焊接方法的培训。 [0027] 2, by the present invention is man-machine interface, select the corresponding analog type, wire welding torch handle and handle automatic and manual, analog training variety of welding methods, including manual arc welding, MIG welding, non-solubilized training GMAW welding, etc., and other methods. [0028] 3、培训后,学员的操作是否正确,可以通过本装置进行验证,操作是否正确能直观地由显示器显示出来,及时改正。 [0028] 3, after training, participants correct operation, can be verified by the present apparatus is operating correctly can be visually displayed by the display, promptly corrected.

[0029] 4、并且模拟过程中所使用的焊条或焊丝,并非真正的焊条或焊丝,而是用一种可循环利用的物质来代替,例如蜡、锡等,这样可从根本上降低了培训费用。 [0029] 4, and the wire or rod used in the simulation, not a true welding rod or wire, but in a recyclable material in place, such as waxes, tin, etc., which can reduce the training radically cost.

[0030] 为对本发明的结构特征及其功效有进一步了解,兹列举具体实施例并结合附图详细说明如下。 [0030] The further understanding of the structural characteristics and effects of the present invention, and hereby include specific embodiments described in detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0031] 图1是本发明多功能焊接模拟训练装置的组装结构示意图。 [0031] FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the welding assembly structure of the multifunctional apparatus of the present invention, simulation training.

[0032] 图2是本发明多功能焊接模拟训练装置的焊枪手柄结构图。 [0032] FIG. 2 is a multi-functional analog welding torch handle structure of the present invention, the exercise device of FIG.

[0033] 图3是本发明多功能焊接模拟训练装置的焊丝手柄结构图。 [0033] FIG. 3 is a multi-functional analog of welding wire handle structure of the present invention, the exercise device of FIG.

[0034] 图4是本发明多功能焊接模拟训练装置中的焊枪手柄摆动装置结构示意图。 [0034] FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of welding apparatus torch handle versatile simulation training apparatus of the present invention wobble.

[0035] 图5是提高运动装置中的丝杠螺母传动精度的同步位移绝对值比较电路图。 [0035] FIG. 5 is a desynchronization improve accuracy motion screw nut drive means absolute value comparison circuit diagram.

[0036] 图6是弧长检测器的一种实施方式结构图。 [0036] FIG. 6 is a block diagram of one embodiment of the arc length detector.

[0037] 图7是弧长检测器的另一种实施方式结构图。 [0037] FIG. 7 is a configuration diagram of another embodiment of a detector of the arc length.

[0038] 图8是本发明装置的工作过程图。 [0038] FIG. 8 is a view of the invention during operation of the apparatus.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0039] 本发明提供一种多功能焊接模拟训练装置,其结构如图1所示,包括由焊枪手柄10和焊丝手柄20、驱动焊枪手柄10及焊丝手柄20运动的运动装置和运动轨迹弧长检测器300所构成的焊接模拟器100,所述焊枪手柄10中设有模拟焊条熔化进给装置11,所述焊丝手柄20中设有模拟焊丝熔化装置21,一计算机控制器200控制所述焊接模拟器100工作, 并接受所述运动轨迹弧长检测器300的信号,一显示器210连接所述计算机控制器200,其中所述计算机控制器200储存有各种不同焊接方法、不同焊接位置、不同焊接规范参数条件下的焊接模拟器的驱动程序;所述显示器210显示人机交互界面及模拟焊接过程,通过此界面选择相应的模拟类型,焊枪手柄及焊丝手柄的自动与手动。 [0039] The present invention provides a versatile welding simulation training device shown in Figure 1, comprises a gun handle 10 and the wire handle 20, the drive means and the movement trajectory of the welding torch 10 and the wire handle 20 moves the arc length of the handle welding simulator detector 300 consisting of 100, in the torch handle 10 is provided with means to melt the mock electrode 11, the wire 20 is provided with a handle 21, a computer simulation controller 200 controls the welding wire melting apparatus work simulator 100, and receiving said trajectory arc length signal detector 300, a display 210 connected to the controller computer 200, the computer controller 200 which stores various welding methods, different welding positions, different driver simulator welding the welding parameters under the conditions; the display 210 to display interactive interface and simulation welding process, this interface by selecting a corresponding analog type, wire welding torch handle and handle automatic and manual.

[0040] 图2、3分别是焊枪手柄10和焊丝手柄20的结构图,所述焊枪手柄或焊丝手柄中的模拟焊条熔化进给装置或模拟焊丝熔化装置是马达驱动的牙轮送丝装置。 [0040] FIG. 3 is a torch handle 10, respectively, and the wire handle structure of FIG. 20, the simulated welding gun handle or handle the wire feeding means melting the wire melting or the analog means is a motor driven wire feeder roller.

[0041] 所述焊枪手柄10包括:供学员握持的手柄11、连接所述手柄11的手柄壳体12及模拟焊条18,手柄壳体12内设有由马达13驱动的主动轮14,主动轮的一侧设有具有弹簧15的压紧轮16,所述手柄壳体12上还设有贯通上下的插孔,所述模拟焊条18插设于所述插孔中,并穿过所述主动轮14和压紧轮16之间,所述手柄壳体12上还设有用于固设于运动装置上的固定块17。 [0041] 10 of the torch handle comprising: a handle for gripping the participants 11, 11 connecting the handle to the handle housing 12 and the mock electrode 18, 12 equipped with a handle housing 13 by the capstan motor 14 is driven, the active wheel side is provided with a pinch roller 15 having a spring 16, the handle housing 12 is also provided through the upper and lower insertion hole, the electrode 18 is inserted in the simulation of the insertion hole, and through the between the capstan 14 and the pinch roller 16, the handle 12 is further provided with a housing fixed on the fixed block 17 movement means. 使用时,模拟焊条在主动轮14和压紧轮16的作用下模拟焊条熔化而向上运动。 In use, the electrode melting simulated mock electrode moves upward by the capstan 14 and the pinch roller 16.

[0042] 所述所述焊丝手柄20包括:手柄壳体21和模拟焊丝27,手柄壳体21内设有由马达22驱动的主动轮23,主动轮的一侧设有具有弹簧24的压紧轮25,所述手柄壳体21上还设有贯通上下的插孔,所述模拟焊丝27插入所述插孔中,并穿过所述主动轮24和压紧轮25 之间,所述手柄壳体2上还设有用于固设于运动装置上的固定块26。 [0042] The handle 20 of the wire comprising: a handle housing 21 and analog wire 27, 21 equipped with a handle housing 22 is driven by the capstan motor 23, the driving wheel side is provided with the compression spring 24 wheel 25, the handle housing 21 is also provided through the upper and lower receptacles, the analog wire 27 is inserted into the socket, and through the capstan 24 and between pinch roller 25, the handle 2 is further provided for the upper case is fixed on the fixed block 26 movement means. 使用时,模拟焊丝27 在主动轮23和压紧轮25的作用下模拟焊丝熔化而向上运动。 When used, the analog simulation wire melting wire 27 is moved upward by the capstan 23 and the pinch roller 25. [0043] 所述模拟焊条18或模拟焊丝27为下部设有电加热器的长管,所述长管内装有可循环利用的易容金属或非金属条。 [0043] The analog or analog wire electrode 18 is provided with an electric heater 27 to a lower portion of the tube length, the long tube built with recyclable turning the strip metal or metalloid.

[0044] 所述运动装置包括焊枪手柄运动装置40、焊丝手柄运动装置50及焊枪手柄摆动装置60。 [0044] The apparatus comprises moving means moving the torch handle 40, the wire movement of the handle means 50 and pivot means 60 torch handle.

[0045] 图4是本发明多功能焊接模拟训练装置中的焊枪手柄摆动装置结构示意图。 [0045] FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of welding apparatus torch handle versatile simulation training apparatus of the present invention wobble. 所述焊枪手柄摆动装置60是由丝杠螺母所构成的XY直角坐标运动装置,具体是由左、右支撑板61、连接左、右支撑板61两侧的二X轴导杆62、设于左、右支撑板61中间的X轴丝杠63、 设于左支撑板上连接X轴丝杠的X轴步进电机64及左、右限位开关65、零位开关66、以螺母与X轴丝杠螺合且滑设于二X轴导杆上的X轴滑台67、设于所述X轴滑台67上的Y轴步进电机68、Y轴丝杠69、Υ轴导杆70、设于X轴滑台67两端的限位开关71、零位开关72、以螺母与Y轴丝杠69螺合且滑设于二Y轴导杆70上的Y轴滑台73所构成;设有一滑板74, 所述滑板74位于Y轴滑台73左侧。 The torch handle pivot 60 is an XY rectangular coordinate system movement means constituted by a screw nut, in particular by the left and right support plate 61, connected to the left and two X-axis guides 61 on both sides of the right supporting plate 62, provided left and right intermediate support plate 61 is an X-axis feed screw 63, a support plate provided in the left X-axis feed screw connected to an X-axis stepper motor 64 and the left and right limit switch 65, zero switch 66, to the nut and X X screw shaft screwed and slidingly disposed on two X-axis slide guide bar 67, provided on the Y-axis X-axis slide 68 in the stepping motor 67, the Y axis lead screw 69, Υ-axis guides 70, the limit switch 67 provided on both ends of the X-axis slide 71, zero switch 72 to the lead screw nut 69 screwed to the Y-axis and the Y-axis slider disposed on two guide rods 70 on the Y-axis slide 73 constitute ; 74 is provided with a sliding plate, the sliding plate 74 of the Y-axis slide 73 to the left. 并以螺母与X轴丝杠63螺合且滑设于二X轴导杆62 上; In the X-axis and a nut screwed to the lead screw 63 and is slidably disposed on two X-axis guides 62;

[0046] 所述焊枪手柄运动装置40及焊丝手柄运动装置50是由丝杠螺母滑块所构成的Z 轴直线运动装置;所述焊枪手柄运动装置40及焊丝手柄运动装置50分别与所述Y轴滑台73、滑板74铰接,于铰接处设有连接计算机控制器200的控制转角的步进电机;所述焊枪手柄10及焊丝手柄20分别固设于所述Z轴直线运动装置的滑块上。 [0046] The torch handle 40 and the wire moving means moving means of the handle 50 is a Z-axis linear motion of the spindle nut means consisting of a slider; the torch handle 40 and the wire moving means moving means of the handle 50 are the Y axis slide 73, the slide plate 74 is hinged, the hinge connection is provided with a computer at the angle controller of the stepping motor 200; the welding torch handle 10 and handle 20 are fixed to the Z-axis slider of the linear motion device on.

[0047] 此Χ、Υ运动控制系统采用相互垂直的水平轴(轴X)和横轴(轴Y)的运动,在X、 Y轴上设计有零位开关,即系统的机械原点,通过在各轴行程末端的限位开关保证系统运行的安全性。 [0047] This Χ, Υ motion control system uses mutually perpendicular horizontal axis (axis X) and transverse axis (Y axis) movement in the X, zero position switch design, i.e. the Y-axis mechanical origin of the system, by safety of the operation of each axis of the end of stroke limit switch system is guaranteed. 运动时带动其轴上感应同步器的滑尺和定尺作相对运动,产生正余弦感应电势信号,经装置将其转换成数字量后,送单片机系统处理,得到各轴的坐标值。 Driven by its shaft inductosyn slider movement and the relative movement of fixed length, generating sine and cosine EMF signal, the device after it is converted to digital, to send SCM system to give a coordinate value of each axis.

[0048] 在进行工作时,采用人机交互控制采集数据的方式,坐标轴的运动控制电子测头在Χ、Υ平面运动,通过电子测头向单片机系统发出中断,请求采集该点的坐标。 When [0048] carrying out its work, the use of interactive control data acquisition mode, the motion axis control electronics in the probe Χ, Υ plane motion, an interrupt to the microcontroller system via an electronic probe, coordinate of the point collection request. 若要规定行走路线,可将关键点的坐标编制到相应的程序当中,实现用微小的X、Y位移模拟需要的行走路线。 To predetermined routes, may be key to the preparation of the coordinates of the respective program which, to achieve fine X, Y displacement with the desired simulated routes. 至于速度和停留时间的控制可通过改变步进电机的工作情况来实现。 As for speed control and the residence time may be achieved by changing the operation of the stepping motor. 因此用此方法来确定摆动的工作情况具有很好的软件灵活性。 So use this method to determine the swing of work with good software flexibility.

[0049] 自动工作时,学员手握焊枪手柄10的手柄及焊丝手柄20的外壳(电焊仅握焊枪手柄10,非熔化极氩弧焊双手同时握焊枪手柄10的手柄及焊丝手柄20的外壳)。 [0049] When the automatic operation, the handle and the handle student holding wire torch handle 10 of housing 20 (only the welding gun handle grip 10, the non-MIG welding torch handle of the handle grip with both hands and the wire handle 10 of the housing 20) . 焊枪手柄10及焊丝手柄20随焊枪手柄运动装置40及焊丝手柄运动装置50,在计算机控制器的控制下,旋转一设定角度。 Welding torch handle 10 and the handle 20 with the movement of the handle means 40 and the torch handle wire moving means 50, under control of the computer controller, and a predetermined angle of rotation. 同时,焊枪手柄10或焊丝手柄20中的焊条或焊丝在计算机控制器的控制下模拟焊丝熔化向上运动,而焊枪手柄10或焊丝手柄20则随焊枪手柄运动装置40及焊丝手柄运动装置50上的滑块以相同速度向下运动,保持焊条或焊丝与工件之间的距离不变。 Meanwhile, the gun handle 10 or handle the wire rod or wire 20, the wire melting simulated upward movement under the control of the computer controller, and the gun handle 10 or the wire 40 and the wire handle 20 with the lever moving means moving the torch handle means 50 the slide is moved downward at the same speed, or to maintain the distance between the wire electrode and the workpiece constant. 同时焊枪手柄运动装置40在焊枪手柄摆动装置60的作用下,沿Y轴方向摆动, 并沿X轴方向移动。 Moving means while welding gun handle lever 40 swings under the action torch device 60, the swing direction along the Y-axis, and moves in the X-axis direction. 而焊丝手柄运动装置50在焊枪手柄摆动装置60的作用下沿X轴方向同步移动。 Movement means 50 and the wire handle wobble sync moved in X-axis direction under the action of means 60 in the gun handle. 如同老焊工师傅手把手教,使学员能迅速掌握正确操作。 Like the old master welder taught so that students can quickly master the correct operation.

[0050] 焊接过程中的焊枪摆动,可以增加焊道宽度,对于焊接宽度不均勻的焊缝和增进焊道表面美观有着实际意义。 [0050] The welding torch during the swing, bead width can be increased, the width of the welding seam and the uneven surface appearance enhancing bead has practical significance. 同时,摆动焊接可以降低焊层厚度,容易实现多层多道焊接, 有利于提高焊缝金属的力学性能。 Meanwhile, the weaving welding can reduce the thickness of the solder layer, easy to realize multi-pass welding, help to improve the mechanical properties of weld metal. 摆动焊接过程的一般要求是摆动速度和摆动幅度可调。 General requirements for the welding process is swinging the swing speed and swing amplitude adjustable. 更高一些的要求是除了摆动速度和摆动幅度无级可调外,左右摆幅处停留时间也可以调节。 Is required in addition to higher swing speed and swing amplitude stepless swing around the residence time can be adjusted. 其中摆动速度要求线性可调。 Wherein the swing speed adjustable linearity requirements. 甚至摆动速度在摆动过程中可以变速调节。 Shifting the swing speed can be adjusted even during the swing. 因此对摆动系统的运动要求很高。 Therefore, the motion of the swing system demanding.

[0051] 当焊接模拟器处于自动状态时,由于模拟焊工操作的运动过程是非连续的直线运动,例如送丝运动和Y轴摆动均通过马达丝杠正反转来带动螺母滑块作往复运动,螺母与丝杠之间的间隙将造成实际运动与设定运动之间的误差。 [0051] When the simulator is in the automatic welding state, since the analog welder linear movement of the non-continuous motion, for example motion wire and the Y-axis are driven to slide the nut by the motor reciprocates the screw rotating, the gap between the nut and the screw will cause an error between the actual movement and setting motion. 为克服这一问题,提高运动装置中的丝杠螺母传动精度,本发明还安装了同步位移绝对值比较电路(如图5所示)。 To overcome this problem and improve the accuracy of the motion screw nut transmission device, the present invention also installed desynchronization absolute value comparator circuit (shown in FIG. 5). 所述同步位移绝对值比较电路包括设置于驱动马达上的角位移测头和设于螺母或滑块上的轴向位移测头、长度基准、及计数卡。 The absolute value comparing circuit comprises a synchronous displacement angular displacement of the probe and provided in the axial displacement of the probe, the reference length, and counting on the card on the slider or the nut is provided on the drive motor. 记数卡以一定采样间隔同步采集角位移信号和测头轴向位移信号,通过记数卡本身所具有的信号处理系统将两路信号进行高倍数电子细分后传送给计算机系统,再由相应的软件将信号转换为位移量,通过计算机控制器实时处理计算出丝杠误差值。 Card counting sampling interval at constant angular displacement signal synchronous acquisition probe and the axial displacement signal, the two signals are transmitted to the computer system after high-expansion segments by electronic signal processing system having a counting card itself, and then from the corresponding software converts the signal into an amount of displacement, by a computer controller processes the error value is calculated in real time lead screw. 两路信号在计算机处理之间未发任何联系,通过计算机处理使它们成为丝杠螺旋线的角度基准量和轴向位移量,并通过比较计算出误差值。 Two signals between computer processing is not made any contact, so that they become the reference angle and the amount of axial displacement of the screw helix processed by a computer, and by comparing the calculated error value. 根据所得到误差值,来进行自我调整,达到运行精确控制。 The resulting error value to adjust itself to achieve precise control operation.

[0052] 本发明所提供的运动装置,利用X、Y坐标控制系统,完全可以达到由软件控制摆动的路线和速度,以及相应的两端停留时间。 Movement means [0052] The present invention provides, the use of X, Y coordinate control system, can be achieved under software control course and speed of the swing, and the residence time of the corresponding ends.

[0053] 所述运动轨迹弧长检测器300是由检测平面运动轨迹的平面位置传感器310和检测焊条或焊丝的弧长检测器320所构成,所述弧长检测器320枢设于平面位置传感器310 的壳体一侧;具体是,所述平面位置传感器壳体一侧枢设有焊丝插管321和焊条插管322, 所述焊丝插管321和焊条插管322内分别设有检测焊丝或焊条伸入长度的长度传感器330, 以及能被长度传感器感测的与所述模拟焊条及模拟焊丝固定的拨杆331。 [0053] The arc length of the trajectory detector 300 is constituted by a flat plane trajectory position sensor 310 and the detection electrode or a wire arc length detector 320, the pivot 320 provided on the arc length detector plane position sensor side of the housing 310; in particular, the planar side of the housing is provided with a position sensor pivot 321 and the wire electrode cannula the cannula 322, the cannula 321 and the wire rod detection wire are provided within the cannula 322 or the penetration of the length sensor electrode 330, and can be sensed by the length sensor and said analog and analog wire rod 331 fixed lever. 焊丝插管321和焊条插管322与平面位置传感器壳体的连接枢轴上设有角度传感器340。 Cannula 321 and wire electrode 340 on the cannula is provided with an angle sensor 322 is connected pivotally to the plane of the position of the sensor housing.

[0054] 所述平面位置传感器310是光学机械平面位置传感器或光电平面位置传感器,其结构与鼠标中的相同,因此不再细述。 [0054] The plane of the position sensor 310 is an optical position sensor or opto-mechanical planarization of a plane position sensor, the same structure as in the mouse, thus no longer dwell.

[0055] 图6是弧长检测器的一种实施方式结构图。 [0055] FIG. 6 is a block diagram of one embodiment of the arc length detector. 如图所示,所述长度传感器330是光电检测器,具体是于焊丝插管321或焊条插管322内设有相隔一定距离的上、下二光电收发装置331、332,所述二光电收发装置连接所述计算机控制器200,根据固定于模拟焊条或焊丝上的拨杆331对上、下二光电收发装置的阻挡情况检测焊丝27或焊条18端部位置,并在显示器210上以燃烧电弧长度的形式显示。 As shown, the length of the sensor 330 is a photodetector, in particular wire or rod 321 intubation cannula 322 features a distance from, two optoelectronic transceiver means 331, 332 at the two optoelectronic transceiver computer means connected to the controller 200, according to the simulated fixed lever rod 331 or wire pairs, where the two barrier optoelectronic transceiver means 27 for detecting the wire or rod 18 the end position, and on the display 210 to an arc burning in the form of a length of display.

[0056] 图7是弧长检测器的另一种实施方式结构图。 [0056] FIG. 7 is a configuration diagram of another embodiment of a detector of the arc length. 如图所示,所述长度传感器是电磁检测器,具体是,所述焊丝插管321或焊条插管322内设有一线圈333,所述线圈333连接所述计算机控制器200,根据铁质拨杆331进入线圈的长度所产生的电感量的变化检测焊丝或焊条端部位置。 As shown, the length of the sensor is an electromagnetic sensor, in particular, the wire or rod 321 intubation cannula 322 features a coil 333, the coil 333 is connected to the computer controller 200, in accordance with iron dial detecting a change in position of the wire or rod end of the rod 331 into the inductance coil length generated. 并在显示器210上以燃烧电弧长度的形式显示。 And displayed in the form of combustion of the arc length on the display 210.

[0057] 在学员检查学习效果,模拟器处于手工操作时,将焊枪手柄10和焊丝手柄20从运动装置上取下,将焊丝、焊条插与插在运动轨迹弧长检测器300的焊丝插管321或焊条插管322内的拨杆331固定,即可进行操作,计算机控制器根据设定的规范参数控制焊丝和焊条的上升运动,同时模拟焊条或模拟焊丝上的电加热丝通电加热焊丝或焊条管内的易容金属或非金属,并从管的下端以滴状流出。 When [0057] In the student learning inspection, the simulator is in manual operation, the torch handle 10 and the handle 20 is removed from the wire moving means, welding wire, rod and plug inserted in the trajectory detector wire arc length of the cannula 300 cannula 321 or rod 322 fixed in the lever 331 can be operated, the controller controls the upward motion computer wires and rods according to specifications set parameters, while the electric heating wire on the analog or analog wire rod or wire ohmic heating turning the rod inside the metal or metalloid tube, and flows from the lower end dropwise to the tube. 学员将焊丝、焊条倾斜一定角度并向下运动,通过固定于模拟焊丝、焊条上的拨杆331带动运动轨迹弧长检测器300在模拟工件上运动,滴状流出的易容金属或非金属形成焊缝。 The participants wires, rods inclined at an angle downwardly moving, by fixing the wire to the simulation, the electrode 331 on the drive lever trajectory arc length detector 300 in motion on the simulated workpiece, turning the droplet flowing metal or metalloid is formed weld. 此时运动轨迹弧长检测器300上的角度传感器检测模拟焊丝或焊条的倾角、运动轨迹及反映弧长的模拟焊丝、焊条端部到模拟工件的距离送计算机控制器;则在显示器上显示出代表学员操作的焊接过程并通过语音提示指出存在的问题。 At this time, the tilt angle sensor trajectory arc length detector 300 detects analog wire or rod, and reflects the arc length of the trajectory simulation wire, the end of the electrode from the workpiece send analog computer controller; is displayed on a display behalf of the participants pointed out that the operation of the welding process and the existing problems through voice prompts. 在模拟工件上形成完整的所焊焊缝形状,以供检测。 Form a complete shape of the welded seam on the simulated workpiece, for detection.

[0058] 本发明把机械模拟和软件控制结合起来,通过智能的人机界面和更为形象的活动手柄,为焊接学员提供必要的焊接信息和技术指导。 [0058] The present invention is a mechanical simulation software control and combine to provide the necessary guidance for the welding information technology and welding students through intelligent human-machine interface and the image of the movable handle more.

[0059] 图8是本发明装置的工作过程图。 [0059] FIG. 8 is a view of the invention during operation of the apparatus. 如图所示,首先是相应硬件的电源启动,在计算机上进行软件初始化,这里所提到的软件是与焊接模拟装置相配套的,安装在计算机上,计算机是与焊接模拟器相连接的。 As shown, the first power-up appropriate hardware, software on a computer initialization, the software is referred to herein matching welding simulation apparatus, installed on the computer, the computer is connected to the welding simulator. 软件初始化后,便可以在显示器上出现便于操作的人机交互界面,通过此界面可以选择相应的模拟类型,同时也可以选择模拟手柄的自动与手动。 After the software initialization, it is easy to operate interactive interface may appear on the display, select the corresponding analog type through this interface, but can also select automatic and manual handle analog. 自动就是手柄象老焊工的手一样,来带动学员的手进行正确的焊接操作。 Automatic handle is as old welder's hands to drive the students proper hand soldering operations. 而手动就是当学员达到一定的焊接水平时,想测试一下自己的实际操作能力,手柄便变成了实际的焊枪手柄, 通过实际的焊接操作,便可以在计算机上显示模拟过程的一些参数,这些参数包括弧长、弧压、焊速、电极倾角等。 The manual is that when students reach a certain level of welding, would like to test their practical skills, the handle will become a real gun handle, through the actual welding operation, will be able to display some of the parameters of the simulation process on the computer, these parameters including arc length, arc voltage, welding speed, angle and other electrodes. 通过这些参数的检测还可以检验学员焊接水平,因此此装置也可以说是检验学员的焊接考试机。 By detecting these parameters may also examine the level of participants welding, so the device can also be said welding test machine test participants. 当焊接模拟完毕后,装置进行复位,等待下一次的模拟。 When the simulation is completed welding, device reset, waiting for a simulation.

Claims (5)

  1. 一种多功能焊接模拟训练装置,包括由焊枪手柄和焊丝手柄、驱动焊枪手柄及焊丝手柄运动的运动装置和运动轨迹弧长检测器所构成的焊接模拟器,所述焊枪手柄中设有模拟焊条熔化进给装置,所述焊丝手柄中设有模拟焊丝熔化装置,所述焊枪手柄中的模拟焊条熔化进给装置和所述焊丝手柄中的模拟焊丝熔化装置是马达驱动的牙轮送丝装置,所述焊枪手柄包括:供学员握持的第一手柄、连接所述第一手柄的第一手柄壳体及模拟焊条,所述第一手柄壳体内设有由第一马达驱动的第一主动轮,所述第一主动轮的一侧设有具有第一弹簧的第一压紧轮,所述第一手柄壳体上还设有贯通上下的第一插孔,所述模拟焊条设于第一插孔的中心并穿过所述第一主动轮和第一压紧轮之间,所述第一手柄壳体上还设有用于固设于运动装置上的第一固定块;所述焊丝手柄 A multifunctional welding simulation training apparatus, comprising a torch handle and a wire handle, driving simulator welding torch handle and wire movement of the handle means and the trajectory of the motion detector consisting of arc length, the welding torch handle provided with an analog melting the feed device, the wire handle wire melting apparatus is provided with an analog, said analog welding torch handle melting the wire feeding means and the handle means is an analog wire melting wire feed roller driven by a motor means, the torch handle comprising: a first grip handle for the participants, a first handle connected to said first handle housing and mock electrode, the first handle housing equipped with a first capstan driven by a first motor, , the side of the first capstan is provided with a first press-on roller having a first spring, said upper housing further provided with a first insertion hole through the upper and lower first handle, provided on the first electrode of the analog and through the center of the insertion hole between the first capstan and a first pinch roller, said upper housing further has a first fixing block is fixed on a first handle movement means; the wire handle 括:第二手柄壳体及模拟焊丝,所述第二手柄壳体内设有由第二马达驱动的第二主动轮,所述第二主动轮的一侧设有具有第二弹簧的第二压紧轮,所述第二手柄壳体上还设有贯通上下的第二插孔,所述模拟焊丝插设于所述第二插孔的中心并穿过所述第二主动轮和第二压紧轮之间,所述第二手柄壳体上还设有用于固设于运动装置上的第二固定块;所述运动装置包括焊枪手柄运动装置、焊丝手柄运动装置及焊枪手柄摆动装置,所述焊枪手柄摆动装置是由丝杠螺母所构成的XY直角坐标运动装置,具体是由左、右支撑板、连接左、右支撑板两侧的二X轴导杆、设于左、右支撑板中间的X轴丝杠、设于左支撑板上连接X轴丝杠的X轴步进电机、分别设于左、右支撑板上的左、右限位开关、设置于左支撑板上的零位开关、以螺母与X轴丝杠螺合且滑设于二X轴导杆上的 Comprising: a handle housing and a second analog wire, the second handle housing equipped with a second drive wheel driven by a second motor, said second side is provided with a second drive wheel having a second pressure spring pulley, said second handle housing further provided with a second insertion hole through the upper and lower, the analog wire is inserted in the center of the second insertion hole and through the second capstan and a second pressure between the pulley, the second housing is also provided with a handle is fixed on the second fixing means block the movement; the moving means comprises means torch handle is moved, the wire movement of the handle means and the torch swinging apparatus handle, the said pivot means is an XY rectangular coordinate gun handle movement means constituted by a screw nut, in particular by the left and right support plates, connected to two X-axis guides the left and right sides of the support plate, provided on the left and right support plate an intermediate X-axis lead screw, provided on the left support plate connected to the X-axis X-axis stepper motor lead screw, are provided on the left and the right and left support plates, the right limit switch, is provided on the left support plate zero switch to the X axis lead screw nut screwed with the slide and provided on the two X-axis guide bar X轴滑台、设于所述X轴滑台上的Y轴步进电机、Y轴丝杠、二Y轴导杆、设于X轴滑台两端的限位开关、设于X轴滑台上的零位开关和以螺母与Y轴丝杠螺合且滑设于二Y轴导杆上的Y轴滑台所构成,设有一滑板,所述滑板位于Y轴滑台左侧,并以螺母与X轴丝杠螺合且滑设于二X轴导杆上;所述焊枪手柄运动装置及焊丝手柄运动装置是由丝杠螺母滑块所构成的Z轴直线运动装置;所述焊枪手柄运动装置及焊丝手柄运动装置分别与所述Y轴滑台和滑板铰接,于铰接处设有连接计算机控制器控制转角的步进电机;所述焊枪手柄及焊丝手柄分别固设于所述Z轴直线运动装置的滑块上;所述运动轨迹弧长检测器是由检测平面运动轨迹的平面位置传感器和检测模拟焊条或模拟焊丝的弧长检测器所构成,所述弧长检测器枢设于平面位置传感器的壳体上,具体是,所述平面位置传感 X-axis slide table, the slide table disposed in the axis Y-axis stepper motor, a Y-axis lead screw, two Y-axis of the X guide bar, the limit switch provided at both ends of the X-axis slide, disposed on the X-axis slide table zero and to switch on the lead screw nut is screwed and the Y-axis slider disposed on the Y-axis guide bar two Y-axis slide formed, is provided with a sliding plate, the sliding plate on the left Y-axis slide, and to the nut screw screwed to the X axis and the X axis slider disposed on two guide bar; the welding torch handle and a handle moving means moving means is a Z-axis linear motion device constituted by the spindle nut of the slider; the torch handle is moved wire means and the lever moving means, respectively, and the Y-axis slide and the slide hinge, the hinge is provided with a stepping motor connected to the computer controller corner; the welding torch handle and the handle are fixed to the Z-axis linear moving the slider device; arc length of the trajectory detector is constituted by a flat trajectory detection plane and the position detecting sensor or simulated mock electrode wire arc length detector, the arc length detector is pivoted to the plane the position of the sensor housing, in particular, a plane position sensor 器壳体一侧枢设有焊丝插管和焊条插管,所述焊丝插管和焊条插管内分别设有检测模拟焊丝或模拟焊条与工件距离的长度传感器,以及能被长度传感器感测的与所述模拟焊条及模拟焊丝固定的拨杆,所述焊丝插管和焊条插管与平面位置传感器壳体的连接枢轴上设有角度传感器;一计算机控制器控制所述焊接模拟器工作,并接受所述运动轨迹弧长检测器的信号,一显示器连接所述计算机控制器,其中所述计算机控制器储存有各种不同焊接方法、不同焊接位置和不同焊接规范参数条件下的焊接模拟器的驱动程序;所述显示器显示人机交互界面及模拟焊接过程,通过此界面选择相应的模拟类型和焊枪手柄及焊丝手柄的自动与手动。 Pivot housing side is provided with a cannula and electrode wires cannula, the inner cannula and the wire electrode sensor for detecting the length of the cannula are provided with analog or analog wire electrode and the workpiece distance, and can be the length sensor senses and said analog and analog wire electrode fixed lever provided with a pivot angle sensor connected to the wire electrode and the cannula the cannula housing with the plane of the position sensor; a computer controller for controlling the welding work simulator, and receiving said trajectory arc length detector signal, a computer display connected to the controller, wherein the controller stores the computer simulator welded under various welding methods, different welding positions and various welding conditions specification parameters driver; display to display the interactive interface and simulation welding process, this interface by selecting a corresponding analog type welding gun and the wire handle grip and automatic and manual.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的多功能焊接模拟训练装置,其特征在于所述模拟焊条或模拟焊丝为下部设有电加热器的长管,所述长管内装有可循环利用的易熔金属或非金属条。 The simulation training multifunctional welding apparatus according to claim 1, wherein said analog or analog wire electrode is provided with a lower electric heater tube length, the long tube built with recyclable fusible metal or non-metallic strip.
  3. 3.根据权利要求2所述的多功能焊接模拟训练装置,其特征在于所述平面位置传感器是光学机械平面位置传感器或光电平面位置传感器。 3. Multifunctional welding simulation training apparatus according to claim 2, wherein said plane position sensor is an optical position sensor or opto-mechanical planarization plane position sensor.
  4. 4.根据权利要求2所述的多功能焊接模拟训练装置,其特征在于所述长度传感器是光电检测器,具体是于焊丝插管和焊条插管内设有相隔一定距离的上、下二光电收发装置,所述二光电收发装置连接所述计算机控制器,根据模拟焊条或模拟焊丝对上、下二光电收发装置的阻挡情况检测模拟焊丝或模拟焊条端部位置。 4. The multi-function welding simulation training apparatus according to claim 2, wherein said length sensor is a photodetector, in particular in the cannula and electrode wires equipped with the cannula a distance from, the two photoelectric transceiver means, said transceiver means connects the two photovoltaic computer controller, or according to the simulated mock electrode wire pairs, where the two barrier detecting means optoelectronic transceiver analog or analog wire rod end position.
  5. 5.根据权利要求2所述的多功能焊接模拟训练装置,其特征在于所述长度传感器是电磁检测器,具体是,所述焊丝插管和焊条插管内设有一线圈,所述线圈连接所述计算机控制器,根据模拟焊条或模拟焊丝进入线圈的长度所产生的电感量的变化检测模拟焊丝或模拟焊条端部位置。 5. Multifunctional welding simulation training apparatus according to claim 2, wherein said length sensor is an electromagnetic sensor, in particular, the wire electrode and the cannula the cannula equipped with a coil, the coil connection said computer controller, according to an analog or analog wire rod into the inductance change of the length of the coil generated by the detection wire analog or analog end of the electrode positions.
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