CN101403354B - Micro-hydrogen injection energy-saving exhaust-reduction device of internal combustion engine - Google Patents

Micro-hydrogen injection energy-saving exhaust-reduction device of internal combustion engine Download PDF

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CN101403354B
CN101403354B CN 200810048766 CN200810048766A CN101403354B CN 101403354 B CN101403354 B CN 101403354B CN 200810048766 CN200810048766 CN 200810048766 CN 200810048766 A CN200810048766 A CN 200810048766A CN 101403354 B CN101403354 B CN 101403354B
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gas
combustion engine
hydrogen
internal combustion
cell
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CN 200810048766
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CN101403354A (en
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李湧
黄戊朴
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武汉微氢科技有限公司
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/10Internal combustion engine [ICE] based vehicles
    • Y02T10/12Technologies for the improvement of indicated efficiency of a conventional ICE
    • Y02T10/121Adding non fuel substances or small quantities of secondary fuel to fuel, air or fuel/air mixture

Abstract

The invention relates to an energy conservation and emission reduction device for internal-combustion engine micro-hydrogen jet, which comprises an oxyhydrogen electrolysis pool, an electrolyte reservoir, a current pulse width modulation volume control and safety protection circuit, a gas washing tank, a water seal anti-backfire pot, a generator and a multiple-connected battery; the current pulsewidth modulation volume control and safety protection circuit and the positive and negative electrodes of a conductive electrode plate of the oxyhydrogen electrolysis pool are connected into a loop; the case of the oxyhydrogen electrolysis pool is provided with two holes, and pipelines led out of the two holes of the oxyhydrogen electrolysis pool are sequentially connected with the electrolyte reservoir, the gas washing tank, the water seal anti-backfire tank and an internal-combustion engine. The device injects the mixed oxyhydrogen gas after water electrolysis into a combustion chamber of the internal-combustion engine to accelerate fuel oil or fuel gas combustion and realizes the full combustion of the fuel oil or fuel gas, thus improving the thermal efficiency, reducing the consumption of the fuel oil or fuel gas, and reducing the emissions of greenhouse gases, harmful gases and solid particles. The device is used for various vehicles, ships, generator sets and the like which takethe internal-combustion engine as power.

Description

内燃机微氢喷射节能降排装置 Micro-injection internal combustion engine of hydrogen energy means REDD

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及利用电解水产生的氢氧混合气体,其气体中氢与氧原子按2 : 1精确配比,并用于内燃机节能减排的新能源技术和环境保护应用技术的领域,具体涉及一种内燃机微氢喷射节能降排装置,本装置可以广泛用于各类以内燃机作为动力的车辆、船舶、发电机组等场合。 [0001] The present invention relates to a mixed gas of hydrogen produced by electrolysis of water, which hydrogen gas and oxygen in a 2: 1 ratio accurately, and internal combustion engines used in the field of energy saving and environmental protection, new energy technology application technology, in particular An internal combustion engine micro REDD hydrogen injection by the economizer means are utilized for the present apparatus may be an internal combustion engine-powered vehicles, ships, generators and other applications.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 随着世界能源危机和环保问题日益突出,汽车工业面临着严峻的挑战。 [0002] As the world energy crisis and environmental issues have become increasingly prominent, the automotive industry is facing severe challenges. 一方面,石油资源短缺,汽车是油耗大户,且目前内燃机的热效率较低,燃料燃烧产生的热能大约只有35% -40%用于实际汽车行驶,节节攀升的汽车保有量加剧了这一矛盾;另一方面,汽车的大量使用加剧了环境污染,城市大气中CO的82%、NOx的48%、HC的58%和微粒的8%来自汽车尾气,此外,汽车排放的大量CO2加剧了温室效应。 On the one hand, the shortage of petroleum resources, car fuel consumption is large, and the current low thermal efficiency of the engine, fuel combustion heat produced only about 35% -40% for the actual cars, rising car ownership exacerbates the contradictions ; on the other hand, the use of a large number of cars increasing environmental pollution, 82% of urban atmosphere of CO, 48% NOx in, 8% HC and 58% of fine particles from vehicle exhaust, in addition, a large amount of CO2 increased vehicle emissions of greenhouse effect. 因此,节能减排已经成为各国关注的重点。 Therefore, energy conservation has become the focus of national attention.

[0003] 目前市场上有许多诸如臭氧注入、磁场共振等的节油产品,但效果不很明显。 [0003] There are many such as ozone injection, magnetic resonance and other fuel-efficient products on the market, but the effect is not very obvious. 又如申请号200480040719. 2,结构复杂,还需要在金属外壳上安置专门散热装置。 Another example Application No. 200480040719.2, complex structure, but also requires specialized heat dissipation device disposed on the metal casing.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明的目的为了克服上述现有技术存在的问题及缺点,提供一种结构简单、性能可靠的内燃机微氢喷射节能降排装置。 Simple [0004] The object of the present invention to overcome the problems and disadvantages of the prior art, to provide a structure, reliable energy hydrogen injection engine micro REDD means.

[0005] 本发明的技术方案为: [0005] aspect of the present invention is:

[0006] 一种内燃机微氢喷射节能降排装置,包括:氢氧气电解池、电解质储液罐、电流脉冲宽度调制气量控制和安全保护电路、气体洗涤罐、水封防回火罐,其特征在于:发电机和并联蓄电池通过电流脉冲宽度调制气量控制和安全保护电路与氢氧气电解池的导电电极板的正、负连接成回路;氢氧气电解池的箱体上设计有两孔,从氢氧气电解池的两孔引出管道依次与电解质储液罐、气体洗涤罐、水封防回火罐、内燃机相连。 [0006] A hydrogen engine micro injection by the economizer REDD apparatus, comprising: a hydrogen-oxygen cell, the electrolyte reservoir, the current pulse width modulation control and safety protection circuit gas, the gas washing tank, preventing back cupping seal, characterized in that : the generator and the battery positive through the parallel current pulse width modulation control and safety gas protection circuit the electrode plates of the electrolytic cell and hydrogen gas, into the negative connecting loop; the design of the two-hole cell box oxyhydrogen gas, hydrogen gas from the two holes of the electrolytic cell and the electrolyte reservoir in turn lead pipe, a gas wash tank, cupping anti-back seal, the internal combustion engine is connected. 由电流脉冲宽度调制气量控制和安全保护电路按气量需求调节氢氧混合气电解池的功率实现按需实时提供氢氧气,避免由氢氧气存储引起的不安全因素;电解池产生的氢氧气进入电解质储液罐液气分离后经气体洗涤罐洗涤后再经过水封防回火罐后被引入内燃机燃烧室加速助燃油或燃气燃烧。 Oxyhydrogen cell regulation by pulse width modulation current amount control and safety protection circuit according to air demand power on demand in real time hydrogen gas, to avoid the insecurity caused by the hydrogen gas storage; cell produced hydrogen gas into the electrolyte after separating the gas reservoir was washed wash tank and then through the gas seal preventing combustion chamber of the internal combustion engine back cupping then introduced to accelerate the combustion assistant oil or gas. 电解质储液罐上安装有液面显示器和软性塞子,液面显示器显示电解质储液罐内电解液液面高度,按照规范打开软性塞子补充电解液。 Mounted on the electrolyte reservoir level indicator and flexible plug within the electrolyte reservoir level indicator displays the electrolyte fluid level, in accordance with specifications open flexible stopper added electrolyte.

[0007] 所述的氢氧气电解池的导电电极板和中间电极板与箱体对应的设有两孔,分别向氢氧气电解池补充电解液和导出产生的氢氧气;电解池箱体和盖板用工程塑料制造的并开有等距离的镶嵌槽,导电电极板和中间电极板插入这些等距离的槽中,以实现电极板互相电绝缘防止短路电流。 [0007] The hydrogen and oxygen in an electrolytic cell the electrode plates and the intermediate electrode plate and the housing is provided with two corresponding holes oxyhydrogen gas to generate hydrogen gas and electrolysis cells derived added electrolyte; cell housing and the cover engineering plastic plate and equidistant run channel is opened, the electrode plates and the intermediate electrode plate inserted into these grooves equidistant in order to achieve electrode plate insulated from each other to prevent short-circuit current. 盖板和电解池箱体用螺栓和气密封垫片加以密封。 The housing cover and the cell sealed by bolts gas gasket. 因此其电解池温升小、电解效率很高。 Therefore small temperature rise electrolysis cell, the electrolysis efficiency is high. 达到每升氢氧混合气消耗3瓦时的功率。 Per liter oxyhydrogen power consumption at 3 watts. 所以本氢氧气电解池无需强制冷却装置。 Therefore, this hydrogen gas cell without forced cooling means. [0008] 所述的氢氧气电解池的箱体由耐温、耐强碱的工程塑料制成,避免了采用金属箱体带来的寄生功率损耗。 [0008] The hydrogen gas is electrolysis cell housing, made of temperature-resistant plastic of a strong base, to avoid the use of metal chassis parasitic power loss caused.

[0009] 所述的氢氧气电解池,工作压力最大值由一压力开关所限制,最高工作温度有一温度开关限制,当氢氧气电解池的压力和温度超过安全值时电流脉冲宽度调制气量控制和安全保护电路将供电回路自动断路,这样确保电解池的安全运行。 Oxyhydrogen gas cell [0009], wherein the maximum operating pressure is limited by a pressure switch, operating temperature has a maximum temperature limit switch, when the hydrogen gas pressure and temperature of the cell exceeds the safety value of the current control and pulse width modulation gas security protection circuit will automatically disconnect the power supply circuit, thus ensuring the safe operation of the electrolytic cell. 并且,当压力控制失效时,电解质储液罐内压力突然增大时,在其盖板上设有一个在一定压力下能自动爆开的软性塞子,急速释放电解质储液罐内突然增大的压力。 And, when the pressure control failure, the electrolyte within the reservoir pressure is suddenly increased with a certain pressure can be automatically popped soft plug on its cap plate, rapidly released abruptly increases within the electrolyte reservoir pressure. 从而提高了内燃机氢喷射节能降排装置的安全性。 Thereby increasing the hydrogen injection internal combustion engine exhaust energy drop safety device.

[0010] 所述的氢氧气电解池的导电电极板和中间电极板是含镍的合金材料加工而成。 [0010] The hydrogen gas is electrolysis cell electrode plates and the intermediate electrode plate is a nickel-containing alloy material processed. 通常,导电电极板和中间电极板的数量供电情况不同,根据产气量要求可以灵活配置,前提是相邻2个电极板之间的直流电压控制在2伏特左右。 Typically, a different number of power where the electrode plates and the intermediate electrode plate, according to the requirements of gas production can be flexibly configured, the DC voltage is provided between two adjacent electrode plates controlled at about 2 volts. 这种灵活的设计方案,在一个较宽的范围内,可以满足不同功率的内燃机的节能减排需要。 This flexible design, over a wide range to meet the need for energy saving of the internal combustion engine of different power. 电极引出螺栓直接焊接在电极板上端,消除由于可能的接触不良产生电火花引爆氢氧混合气的可能性。 Electrode lead bolts welded directly to the upper end of the electrode plate, eliminating the possibility of poor contact due to possible spark detonation of oxyhydrogen.

[0011] 所述的电流脉冲宽度调制气量控制和安全保护电路,由于氢氧气电解池的导电非线性,其工作电压的范围很窄,在很窄的电压范围内用通常控制直流电压的方法难以获得平滑和精细的功率调节。 [0011] The gas current pulse width modulation control and safety protection circuit, since the conductive linear hydrogen-oxygen cell, the operating voltage range is narrow, in a very narrow voltage range is generally difficult to control the DC voltage method a smooth and fine power adjustment. 采用了脉冲直流电供电,调节电流脉冲的占空比,实现了产气量控制所需要的精细功率调节,为实现无氢氧气存储、按需求即产即用的安全运行提供了保证。 Narrow using pulsed DC power supply, the duty cycle of current pulses is adjusted to achieve the desired production amount control adjustment is achieved without hydrogen gas storage, i.e., a request that is produced to provide a guarantee of safe operation. 该电流脉冲宽度调制气量控制和安全保护电路是购买现成的电机调速器再在其上加装压力开关和温度开关连接导线而成。 The air current pulse width modulation control and safety protection circuit is ready for later re-installation of the motor speed pressure switches and temperature switches connecting wires formed thereon.

[0012] 所述的气体洗涤罐充以水,气体经过时得到洗涤,使得输出的氢氧气纯净不会影响内燃机燃烧室的安全。 [0012] The gas washing tank filled with water, to give after washing the gas, so that the output of the pure hydrogen gas will not affect the security of the internal combustion engine combustion chamber. 气体洗涤罐的盖子由软性材料制成并以压力密封。 Gas scrubber canister lid made of a soft material and a pressure seal. 当压力突然增加时,上盖自行爆脱,确保了气体洗涤罐的安全。 When a sudden increase in pressure, the upper lid itself pop-off, to ensure the safety of the gas scrubber tank. 气体洗涤罐的进气管装有防回流单向阀。 Intake pipe gas washing tank equipped with a backflow prevention check valve.

[0013] 所述的水封防回火罐经洗涤的氢氧气经充水的水封防回火罐底部经过水上升到液面,再输出到内燃机燃烧室。 [0013] the water-filled seal preventing back cupping washed by oxyhydrogen gas seal preventing the return water rises through the bottom cupping level, and then output to the engine combustion chamber. 任何回火发生将被水封闭,有效保证了整个内燃机微氢喷射节能降排装置的安全运行。 Any water backfire is closed, the entire engine effectively ensure the safe operation of the micro-ejection device hydrogen REDD energy. 水封防回火罐和气体洗涤罐一样,水封防回火罐的盖子由软性材料制成并以压力密封。 Anti-back gas seal cupping wash tank and as anti-back cupping seal cover made of a soft material and a pressure seal. 当压力突然增加时,上盖自行爆脱,确保了液体防回火罐的安全。 When a sudden increase in pressure, the cover off the explosion itself, to ensure the safe return of liquid anti-cupping.

[0014] 将微量的氢氧混合气体喷射到内燃机燃烧室内,由于氢的火焰速度播速快,可使汽油发动机燃烧着火延迟期大大缩短,火焰传播速度加快,燃烧持续期缩短。 [0014] A trace amount of hydrogen mixed gas is injected into the engine combustion chamber, because the flame speed of hydrogen multicast fast, a gasoline engine can greatly shorten the ignition delay combustion, the flame propagation speed, the combustion duration decreases. 氢在燃烧时释放出0H、H、0等活性中心,可大大地促进燃烧速度。 Hydrogen release 0H, H, 0 active centers and the like during combustion, the combustion speed can be greatly facilitated. 再由于氢的催化作用,碳氢化合燃料分子的长碳链被断裂形成更小的分子,使得燃烧更完全。 Since the long chain and then a catalytic hydrocarbon fuel molecules are broken hydrogen form smaller molecules, such that more complete combustion. 其结果是减少了温室效应气体和其他有害物质的排放;节约了燃油消耗;增加了发动机的马力和转矩;减少了积碳,延长机油更换周期和发动机维护费用。 The result is a reduction in emissions of greenhouse gases and other harmful substances; saving fuel consumption; increased horsepower and torque of the engine; reduce carbon deposition, to extend the oil change intervals and engine maintenance costs. 本装置同样可以应用于柴油、天然气和丙烷等发动机中。 This device can also be applied to a diesel, natural gas and propane engines.

[0015] 本发明是利用氢的燃烧特性加速燃料的燃烧和利用氢的催化使得碳氢化合燃料分子的长碳链被断裂,使其燃烧更完全,以此达到节能减排的效果;本装置构造很简单,相应地可靠性高些,很适合广大驾驶人员使用和维护;本装置不需额外的氢氧气储存罐,以提高安全性;本装置的水电解池箱体用工程塑料制成并将电极板的边缘完全用精密的凹槽镶嵌,除了相邻的电极板有电流通过将水分解成氢氧气外,任何电极板和不相邻的电极板之间无电流通路,防止了漏电电流的产生,降低了电解池的温度,所以不需要如申请号200480040719. 2那样需要在金属外壳上安置散热装置。 [0015] The present invention is a combustion catalyst with hydrogen and with hydrogen combustion characteristics of the fuel such that the acceleration of long chain hydrocarbon fuel molecules are broken, so that more complete combustion in order to achieve energy saving effect; this means structure is very simple, accordingly higher reliability, it is suitable for the use and maintenance of the majority of the driver; this means no additional hydrogen gas storage tank, in order to improve security; water electrolysis cell housing of the device is made of plastic and the edges of the electrode plate is entirely precision grooves mosaic, in addition to the adjacent electrode plate current by decomposing water into hydrogen and oxygen, but no current path between the electrode plate and any non-adjacent electrode plates, preventing the leakage current generating, reducing the temperature of the electrolytic cell, there is no need such as the need application No. 200480040719.2 heat dissipation device disposed on the metal casing. [0016] 附图说明 [0016] BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS

[0017] 图1为本发明的结构示意图。 [0017] FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention.

[0018] 图2为氢氧气电解池的结构示意图。 [0018] FIG. 2 is a schematic view of an electrolytic cell of the gas mixture.

[0019] 图3为电极板的结构示意图。 [0019] FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the electrode plate.

[0020] 图4为电解室的结构示意图。 [0020] FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of the electrolysis chamber. [0021] 具体实施方式 [0021] DETAILED DESCRIPTION

[0022] 图5为氢氧气电解池的插上电极板的结构示意图。 [0022] FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the hydrogen gas plug electrode plate of the electrolytic cell.

[0023] 下面结合附图对本发明进行详细的说明: DRAWINGS The invention is described in detail [0023] below with:

[0024] 如图1、图2所示,本发明包括:氢氧气电解池2、电解质储液罐3、电流脉冲宽度调制气量控制和安全保护电路4、气体洗涤罐5、水封防回火罐6,其特征在于:发电机7和并联蓄电池8通过电流脉冲宽度调制气量控制和安全保护电路4与氢氧气电解池2的导电电极板1的正、负连接成回路;氢氧气电解池2的箱体13上设计有两孔(11,12),从氢氧气电解池2的两孔(11,12)引出管道依次与电解质储液罐3、气体洗涤罐5、水封防回火罐6、内燃机9相连。 [0024] FIG. 1 and FIG, 2 according to the present invention comprising: hydrogen gas cell 2, the electrolyte reservoir tank 3, the current pulse width modulation control and safety protection air circuit 4, the gas washing tank 5, the anti-seal back cupping 6, wherein: the generator 7 and 8 by a current pulse in parallel to the battery 4 and the oxyhydrogen gas air cell width modulation control and safety protection circuit board 2 of the conductive positive electrode, negative connector 1 into a loop; oxyhydrogen gas cell 2 box 13 is designed with two holes (11, 12), hydrogen gas from the electrolytic cell two holes (11, 12) of the discharge conduit 2 and the electrolyte reservoir 3 sequentially washed gas tank 5, the anti-seal back cupping 6, 9 is connected to the internal combustion engine. 所述的氢氧气电解池2的箱体13和盖板14都对应开有等距离的镶嵌槽15。 The electrolytic cell of the gas mixture 2 and the cover plate 13 of the housing 14 are opened corresponding to the groove 15 equidistantly mosaic. 所述的氢氧气电解池2的导电电极板1和中间电极板10都与箱体13对应地设有两孔(11, 12)。 The hydrogen and oxygen cell electrode plates 1, 2 and the intermediate electrode plate 10 are provided with two holes (11, 12) in correspondence with the tank 13.

[0025] 所述的氢氧气电解池2的导电电极板1上端焊接电极引出螺栓19。 Hydrogen-oxygen cell electrode plates according to [0025] 1 2 upper welding electrode lead screw 19.

[0026] 所述的氢氧气电解池2箱体13和盖板14由工程塑料制成。 [0026] The electrolytic cell of claim 2 oxyhydrogen gas box 13 and the cover plate 14 is made of plastic.

[0027] 电解质储液罐3设计有液面显示器29和软性塞子18。 [0027] 3 electrolyte reservoir level indicator 29 is designed with the stopper 18 and soft.

[0028] 所述的电解质储液罐3上设计压力开关16和温度开关17,且压力开关16和温度开关17分别与电流脉冲宽度调制气量控制和安全保护电路4相连。 [0028] The electrolyte reservoir 16 3 design pressure switches and temperature switches 17, 16 and the pressure switches and temperature switches 17 are connected to a pulse width modulated current amount control circuit 4 and security.

[0029] 所述的电流脉冲宽度调制气量控制和安全保护电路4采用了脉冲直流电供电,调节电流脉冲的占空比20。 Air current pulse width modulation control and safety protection circuit [0029] 4 using the pulsed DC power supply 20 regulates the current duty cycle pulse. 该电流脉冲宽度调制气量控制和安全保护电路是购买现成的电机调速器再在其上加装压力开关和温度开关连接导线而成。 The air current pulse width modulation control and safety protection circuit is ready for later re-installation of the motor speed pressure switches and temperature switches connecting wires formed thereon.

[0030] 所述的气体洗涤罐5的盖子22和水封防回火罐6的盖子23都由软性材料制成, 气体洗涤罐5的进气管装有防回流单向阀27。 Made [0030] of the gas scrubber 5 can lid 22 and seal anti-cupping back cover 6 by the soft material 23, the gas inlet pipe 5 of the wash tank equipped with a backflow prevention check valve 27.

[0031] 如图1所示,由汽车发电机7和并联的蓄电池8通过电流脉冲宽度调制气量控制和安全保护电路4向氢氧气电解池2供给一定电压、电流宽可调节的脉冲直流电流,氢氧气电解池2中的等距的电极板构成许多电解小室24中水分子被电解分离成聚集在负电位电极板表面的氢原子和聚集在正电位电极板表面的氧原子,这样的混合气体通过导气管25 进入储液罐3,氢氧气中带有的电解液蒸汽被冷凝回收后,经由气体输出口并通过单向阀27和输气管21流入气体洗涤罐5,经过洗涤的氢氧混合气流经水封防回火罐6后,通过气体输出管26接入内燃机空气滤清器管道28与过滤后的空气混合后再和汽化的燃油一起被注入内燃机9燃烧室,实现燃油或燃气更充分燃烧从而提高热效率,减少燃油或燃气消耗, 并减少污染气体和固体颗粒排放,达到节约能源和减少排放的效果。 [0031] FIG, 1 is supplied from the battery of the automotive generator 7 and 8 in parallel by a current pulse width modulation amount control circuit 4 and security oxyhydrogen gas cell 2 to a constant voltage, the current pulse width adjustable direct current, oxyhydrogen gas cell equidistant from the electrode plate 2 forming a plurality of electrolytic cell the water molecules 24 are separated electrolysis to aggregate in the negative potential of the electrode plate surface of a hydrogen atom and gathered in an oxygen atom the positive potential of the electrode plate surface, so that a mixed gas 3, the hydrogen gas with the condensed electrolyte vapor is recovered, and the gas flows into the wash tank 521 through the reservoir into the air duct 25 through the gas outlet 27 through the check valve and gas pipelines, after washed with a mixed hydroxide seal preventing airflow back cupping after 6, 26 access the internal combustion engine air cleaner duct 28 through the gas outlet pipe and the mixed filtered air and vaporized fuel after being injected with a combustion chamber 9, oil or gas to achieve fuller thereby improving the thermal efficiency of combustion, reducing gas, or fuel consumption and reducing emissions of polluting gases and solid particles, achieve energy saving and reduction. 由于减少了燃烧室积碳,改善了内燃机的运行状况。 By reducing combustion chamber deposits, improving the health of the internal combustion engine.

Claims (6)

  1. 一种内燃机微氢喷射节能降排装置,包括:氢氧气电解池(2)、电解质储液罐(3)、电流脉冲宽度调制气量控制和安全保护电路(4)、气体洗涤罐(5)、水封防回火罐(6),其特征在于:发电机(7)和并联蓄电池(8)通过电流脉冲宽度调制气量控制和安全保护电路(4)与氢氧气电解池(2)的导电电极板(1)的正、负极连接成回路;氢氧气电解池(2)的箱体(13)上设计有两孔(11,12),从氢氧气电解池(2)的两孔(11,12)引出管道依次与电解质储液罐(3)、气体洗涤罐(5)、水封防回火罐(6)、内燃机(9)相连,所述的氢氧气电解池(2)的箱体(13)和氢氧气电解池(2)的盖板(14)都对应开有等距离的镶嵌槽(15),所述的氢氧气电解池(2)的导电电极板(1)和氢氧气电解池(2)的中间电极板(10)都与箱体(13)对应地设有两孔(11,12),所述的电解质储液罐(3)上设计压力开关(16)和温度开关(17),所述电流脉冲宽度调 An internal combustion engine micro hydrogen injection by the economizer REDD apparatus comprising: a hydrogen gas cell (2), an electrolyte reservoir (3), the current pulse width modulation control and safety protection air circuit (4), a gas wash tank (5), cupping anti-back seal (6), characterized in that: the electrode plates generator (7) and a parallel battery (8) by a current pulse width modulation control and safety protection air circuit (4) and the oxyhydrogen gas cell (2) (1) positive and negative electrode is connected to the loop; designed with two holes (11, 12) on the housing (13) oxyhydrogen gas cell (2), the hydrogen gas from the electrolytic cell (2) of the two holes (11, 12 ) sequentially with an electrolyte reservoir discharge conduit (3), a gas wash tank (5), cupping anti-back water seal (6), an internal combustion engine (9) connected to said hydrogen gas cell (2) of the tank (13 cover) hydrogen gas and electrolysis cells (2) (14) corresponds mosaic opened equidistant grooves (15), said hydrogen gas cell (2) of the electrode plates (1) hydrogen gas and electrolysis cells (2) intermediate electrode plates (10) are provided with a casing (13) corresponding to the two apertures (11, 12), said electrolyte reservoir design pressure switch (16) (3) and a temperature switch ( 17), the current pulse width modulation 气量控制和安全保护电路(4)是由电机调速器再在其上加装所述压力开关(16)和所述温度开关(17)的连接导线而成,所述的电流脉冲宽度调制气量控制和安全保护电路(4)采用了脉冲直流电供电,调节电流脉冲的占空比(20)实现气量控制。 Gas control and safety protection circuit (4) is a motor speed controller installed thereon and then the pressure switch (16) and said temperature switch (17) connection leads from said current pulse width modulation gas control and safety protection circuit (4) using a pulsed DC power supply, a duty ratio of the pulse current regulator (20) to achieve air amount control.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的内燃机微氢喷射节能降排装置,其特征在于:所述的氢氧气电解池⑵的导电电极板⑴上端焊接电极引出螺栓(19)。 The internal combustion engine according to a micro hydrogen energy REDD claim injection apparatus, wherein: the hydrogen gas of the cell electrode plates ⑴ ⑵ upper welding electrode lead screw (19).
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的内燃机微氢喷射节能降排装置,其特征在于:所述的氢氧气电解池⑵的箱体(13)和氢氧气电解池(2)的盖板(14)由工程塑料制成。 The hydrogen internal combustion engine according to a micro-injection by the economizer claim REDD apparatus, wherein: said cell ⑵ oxyhydrogen gas box (13) and the oxyhydrogen gas cell (2) of the cover (14) It made of plastic.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1所述的内燃机微氢喷射节能降排装置,其特征在于:电解质储液罐(3)设计有液面显示器(29)和软性塞子(18)。 The hydrogen internal combustion engine according to a micro-injection by the economizer claim REDD apparatus comprising: an electrolyte reservoir (3) is designed with a level indicator (29) and a flexible stopper (18).
  5. 5.根据权利要求1所述的内燃机微氢喷射节能降排装置,其特征在于:所述的气体洗涤罐(5)和水封防回火罐(6)的盖子都由软性材料制成。 The hydrogen internal combustion engine according to a micro-injection by the economizer claim REDD apparatus, wherein: said gas wash tank (5), and anti-back cupping water seal (6) of the lid are made of soft material.
  6. 6.根据权利要求1所述的内燃机微氢喷射节能降排装置,其特征在于:所述的气体洗涤罐(5)的进气管装有防回流单向阀(27)。 6. The internal combustion engine according to a micro hydrogen injection by the economizer according to claim REDD apparatus, wherein: a gas washing tank (5) of the intake pipe equipped with a backflow prevention check valve (27).
CN 200810048766 2008-08-12 2008-08-12 Micro-hydrogen injection energy-saving exhaust-reduction device of internal combustion engine CN101403354B (en)

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