CN101360913B - Method and apparatus preventing recoil of motorcycle pedal starter - Google Patents

Method and apparatus preventing recoil of motorcycle pedal starter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101360913B
CN101360913B CN 200680051649 CN200680051649A CN101360913B CN 101360913 B CN101360913 B CN 101360913B CN 200680051649 CN200680051649 CN 200680051649 CN 200680051649 A CN200680051649 A CN 200680051649A CN 101360913 B CN101360913 B CN 101360913B
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crankshaft
time
rotation
ignition
spark plug
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CN 200680051649
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101360913A (en )
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R·B·奥古斯丁
T·内吉施
Y·尤内穆拉
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德尔菲技术公司
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02NSTARTING OF COMBUSTION ENGINES; STARTING AIDS FOR SUCH ENGINES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F02N3/00Other muscle-operated starting apparatus
    • F02N3/04Other muscle-operated starting apparatus having foot-actuated levers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02NSTARTING OF COMBUSTION ENGINES; STARTING AIDS FOR SUCH ENGINES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F02N2250/00Problems related to engine starting or engine's starting apparatus
    • F02N2250/04Reverse rotation of the engine

Abstract

An apparatus (5) and a control system (100) are used for preventing starter pedal kickback during starting of a motorcycle engine (12). The system includes a segmented target wheel (14) mounted on the engine crankshaft (10) and a sensor (17) that interrogates the rotational speed (X,Y,Z) of the engine at a plurality of predetermined angular intervals ahead of TDC. If minimum rotational speed criteria are not met in the predetermined intervals, logic embedded in the control system either alters the pre- calculated dwell and spark timing to prevent engine reversal and starter pedal kickback or aborts spark ignition altogether.

Description

用于防止摩托车踏板起动器反冲的方法和装置 A method and apparatus for preventing the recoil of the motorcycle pedalinitiated

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及摩托车发动机的起动;更具体地说,涉及在摩托车发动机起动期间踏板起动器的反冲(kickback);最具体地说,涉及用于在摩托车发动机起动期间防止摩托车踏板起动器反冲的方法和装置。 [0001] The present invention relates to a motorcycle engine start; and more particularly, to a motorcycle engine start during recoil starter pedal (Kickback); most particularly, to prevent the motor during a motorcycle engine start the method and apparatus of bicycle pedal recoil starter.

[0002] 发明背景 [0002] Background of the Invention

[0003] 己知的摩托车装备有用于起动摩托车发动机的踏杆。 [0003] A known motorcycle is equipped with a motorcycle engine starting pedal lever. 典型地,踏杆由驾驶员的脚有力地压下,并促动棘轮机构接合到发动机飞轮上,由此使发动机在操作方向上迅速地旋转一圈或多圈,在此期间,点火系统点火,并开始燃烧。 Typically, the foot bar strongly depressed by the driver's foot, and the actuator ratchet mechanism engaged to the engine flywheel, whereby rotation of the engine quickly or more turns in the operating direction, during which ignition the ignition system and began to burn. 现有技术的踏板起动系统,也被称为“脚踏起动”系统,其容易发生一种本领域中被称为“反冲”的严重且危险的故障。 Pedalinitiated prior art systems, also known as "kick starter" system, which is likely to occur in one art known as "kickback" serious and dangerous failure. 当压下踏板的作用力不足以克服发动机气缸中的压缩压力以驱动指定的活塞在火花塞点火之前穿过上止点(TDC)时,发动机可能在TDC之前点火,导致发动机和踏板的快速且有力的反转。 When the pedal depression force sufficient to overcome the compression pressure in the engine cylinder to drive the piston through a specified top dead center (TDC) before spark ignition engine may be before TDC ignition, causing the engine and the pedal rapid and powerful reversal. 这种反转可能对驾驶员造成损伤,并且还可能损害发动机操作。 This reversal may cause damage to the driver, and possibly damage the engine operation. 发动机可能在若干次后续转动曲轴的尝试下由于火花塞浸湿或溢油而不起动。 The spark plug of the engine may be due to spills or wet without activating several attempts at subsequent rotation of the crankshaft.

[0004] 反冲总地来说是由于在到达TDC之前不足的发动机转速而引发的,是由于驾驶员施加在起动踏板上的作用力不足而引起的;然而,这种现象还可能依赖于一组发动机因素, 包括节气门的开度以及脚踏起动器在四冲程循环中的接合位置。 [0004] Since the kickback generally is inadequate prior to reaching TDC engine speed caused, since the driver is applying insufficient force on the starting block is used; however, this phenomenon may also depend on a set of engine factors, including the engagement position of the throttle opening degree and a kick starter of the four-stroke cycle. 在现有技术中,成功的起动很大程度上依赖于驾驶员的技巧和力量,而非起动装置的设计和构造。 In the prior art, the successful start largely dependent on the driver's skill and strength, the design and construction of the device rather than a starter.

[0005] 摩托车领域中所需要的是一种用于在起动摩托车发动机期间,防止摩托车踏板起动器反冲的方法和装置。 [0005] Field of the motorcycle as required for a motorcycle engine during startup, and preventing a pedal device for a motorcycle recoil starter.

[0006] 本发明的一个主要目的是最大限度地减小由于起动踏板反冲所引起的不舒适或损伤。 [0006] A primary object of the present invention is to minimize the pedal kickback caused due to the starting of discomfort or injury.

[0007] 本发明的另一目的是防止摩托车由于起动踏板反冲而引起的损伤或故障。 [0007] Another object of the present invention is to prevent damage or malfunction due to the starting motorcycle pedal kickback caused. 发明总结 Summary of the invention

[0008] 简单地说,一种用于摩托车的抗反冲控制系统包括安装在发动机曲轴上的分段的靶轮。 [0008] Briefly, the control system for a motorcycle comprises an anti-kickback segment mounted on the engine crankshaft target wheel. 发动机上的传感器元件在TDC之前的多个预定的角度间隔上询问摩托车发动机的转速。 A sensor element in the plurality of the engine before TDC predetermined angular intervals on the motorcycle engine speed of interrogation. 如果在预定的时间间隔内没有满足最小的转速标准,嵌入在控制系统中的逻辑要么改变预先计算的正时,或中止火花点火,以防止发动机的反转和起动踏板的反冲。 If the rotational speed does not meet the minimum standard within a predetermined time interval, the embedded logic in the control system either pre-computed positive changes, or suspension of the ignition spark, to prevent recoil and reverse rotation of the engine starting pedal.

[0009] 图纸简要说明 [0009] Brief Description of Drawings

[0010] 现在将参照附图通过示例来描述本发明,其中: [0010] Reference will now be described by way of example of the present invention, wherein:

[0011] 图1是示意图安装在发动机曲轴上的靶轮,其显示了用于询问曲柄位置的传感器; [0011] FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a target wheel mounted on the crankshaft of the engine, showing the crank position sensor for interrogation;

[0012] 图2是显示图1中所示的正时轮和传感器的使用的简图;且 [0012] FIG. 2 is a timing diagram of the use of the wheel and sensor shown in FIG. 1 in a display; and

[0013] 图3是流程图,其显示了根据本发明的用于防止反冲的方法。 [0013] FIG. 3 is a flowchart showing a method of preventing backlash in accordance with the present invention.

[0014] 优选实施例描述 Described in [0014] Preferred embodiments

[0015] 参看图1,摩托车13上的发动机12的曲轴10设有靶轮14,其固定地安装在曲轴10上,以便随其一起旋转。 [0015] Referring to Figure 1, the crankshaft of the engine 10 of the motorcycle 1312 is provided with a target wheel 14 which is fixedly mounted on the crankshaft 10 for rotation therewith. 提供的踏杆11用于在起动模式中促使曲轴旋转。 Providing a pedal lever 11 for causing rotation of the crankshaft in the starting mode. 靶轮14包括多个按角度间隔开的正时装置,例如,沿着靶轮周缘18而设置的齿16,其用于提供来自曲柄传感器17的交变信号。 Target wheel 14 comprises a plurality of timing means angularly spaced apart, e.g., the teeth 16 along the target wheel periphery 18 and disposed for providing an alternating signal from the crank sensor 17. 根据本发明的正时装置可采用任何己知的形式,其用于产生指示曲轴10在任何时间的角度位置的信号,例如,靶轮中的孔、靶轮上的磁畴等等。 The apparatus may take any of known positive form of the invention, the signal 10 at any angular position of the time for generating an indication of the crankshaft, e.g., a target wheel wells, and the like on the target domain wheel.

[0016] 在用于防止曲轴反冲的当前优选的实施例中,靶轮14设有23个齿16,其以角度间隔15°间隔开,导致在齿23和齿1(8卩,缺少齿24)之间存在大约30°的间隙20。 [0016] In an embodiment of a crankshaft for preventing the recoil of the presently preferred, the target wheel 14 has 23 teeth 16, which is spaced apart angularly spaced 15 °, the teeth 23 and the teeth resulting in 1 (8 Jie, missing teeth a gap of approximately 30 ° is present between 24 and 20). 因而,在齿23和1之间的间隙基本上两倍于其它间隙22,并因而提供了便于控制器50在每次旋转时识别齿1的便利标记。 Thus, the gap between the teeth 23 and gap 22 is substantially twice the other, and thus the controller 50 is provided to facilitate an identification convenient labels teeth at each rotation. 本发明完全包括其它数目的齿和其间距。 The present invention fully encompasses other numbers of teeth and their spacing. 曲柄传感器17定位在齿16的旋转路径的附近,用于产生指示靶轮14和曲轴10的角度位置的信号19,并将信号19发送给发动机控制器50。 Crank sensor 17 is positioned adjacent the rotational path of the teeth 16, for generating a signal indicative of the angular position of the target wheel 14 and 19 of the crankshaft 10, and a signal is sent to the engine controller 5019. 通过这种方式,可精确地确定两个具体的齿之间,例如齿3和齿4之间、齿6和齿7之间、以及齿8和齿9之间的旋转时间。 In this manner, it can be accurately determined between the two particular teeth, and a rotational time between 3 and 9 for example, between the teeth between the teeth 4, the teeth 6 and the teeth 7 and teeth 8 teeth.

[0017] 参看图1和图2,在所举示例中,发动机12中的活塞的上止点(TDC)位置任意地设于齿9处。 [0017] Referring to Figures 1 and 2, in the illustrated example, the upper dead center of the piston 12 of the engine (TDC) position of the tooth optionally provided 9. 为了防止反冲,通过确保防范火花塞在TDC之前点火,可任意地将用于火花塞点火以便起动的点火位置24设于TDC(ATDC)之后的5°上。 In order to prevent kickback, by ensuring that before TDC to prevent the spark plug ignition, it may optionally be used in order to start the ignition of the spark plug 24 disposed in firing position after TDC (the ATDC) of 5 °. 驻留长度(dwell length)DT 26 在1200rpm转速下,假定为3毫秒。 Dwell length (dwell length) DT 26 at a rotation speed 1200rpm, assumed to be 3 ms. 在传统的点火系统中,这相当于断路器触点断开,并允许在点火线圈的初级侧建立磁场的时间周期。 In a conventional ignition system, which corresponds to the breaker contacts to open, and allow the time period to establish a magnetic field in the primary side of the ignition coil. 如本领域中己知的那样,在驻留(dwell)周期结束时,断路器触点闭合,磁场瓦解,并在线圈的次级侧产生感应电流,以使火花塞点火。 As known in the art as, when the resident (Dwell) cycle is complete, the circuit breaker contacts are closed, the collapse of the magnetic field, and generates an induced current in the secondary side of the coil, so that the spark ignition.

[0018] 参看图3,在所示23齿的示例排列中,其中齿9位于TDC处,并且齿4在TDC之前(BTDC)75°处,在踏板脚踏起动发动机12期间,根据本发明的点火逻辑系统100优选地以如下三个单独的序列级运行: [0018] Referring to Figure 3, the teeth 23 in the exemplary arrangement illustrated, wherein the tooth 9 is located at TDC, and the teeth at 75 ° before TDC (BTDC) 4, the foot pedal 12 during the engine start, according to the present invention. ignition system logic 100 is preferably operated in the following sequence of three separate stages:

[0019] 序列1 :测量齿3和齿4之间的旋转时间,如图2中齿-齿时间X所示。 [0019] Sequence 1: rotation time measurement between the tooth 3 and the tooth 4, as shown in the tooth - FIG teeth time X.

[0020] 如果X大于预定的标定值,发动机速度则太低,并可能导致反冲,从而使计划的火花起动延迟一段时间,并继续至序列2,这段时间由嵌入在发动机控制器50中的查找表(未显示)来确定。 [0020] If X is greater than a predetermined nominal value, the engine speed is too low and may cause backlash, so that the spark program startup delay period, and continues to sequence 2, this time by the engine controller 50 is embedded in the the look-up table (not shown) is determined.

[0021 ] 如果X小于或等于预定的标定值,发动机则旋转得足够快,以确保在TDC之后火花点火。 [0021] If X is less than or equal to a predetermined nominal value, the engine rotation is fast enough to ensure that the spark ignition after TDC. 通过计算“火花边缘齿数” (SETN)和“驻留边缘齿数” (DETN)可计算用于转动曲轴的标准点火正时,火花边缘齿是火花塞点火开始时的齿,驻留边缘齿是驻留28开始时的齿。 By calculating the "number of teeth spark edge" (SETN) and "resident edge teeth" (DETN) may calculate a standard rotation of the crankshaft when the ignition timing, the spark at the edges of the teeth are the teeth start of ignition of the spark plug, the edge of the teeth resident residing 28 teeth at the start.

[0022] SETN = (ATDC+BTDC)/15+4 = (5+75)/15+4 = 9. 33 (等式1) [0022] SETN = (ATDC + BTDC) / 15 + 4 = (5 + 75) / 15 + 4 = 9. 33 (Equation 1)

[0023] DETN = 9. 33- (3/ (60000/1200) *360)/15 = 7. 89 (等式2) [0023] DETN = 9. 33- (3 / (60000/1200) * 360) / 15 = 7. 89 (Equation 2)

[0024] 利用最近的前面的总的齿数,将火花边缘计算齿分配在齿9上,将驻留边缘计算齿分配在齿7上,并继续至序列2。 [0024] The use of the total number of teeth nearest the front of the tooth edge computation spark distribution on the tooth 9, the tooth edge computation dispensing reside on the teeth 7, and the sequence proceeds to 2.

[0025] 序列2 :测量在齿6和齿7之间的时间,如图2中的齿-齿时间Y所示,其在这里被限定为“驻留齿时间” DTT。 [0025] Sequence 2: measuring the time between the teeth 6 and 7 teeth, as in Figure 2 - shown teeth time Y, which is defined herein as "dwell time tooth" DTT.

[0026] 如果Y大于预定的标定值,发动机速度则太低,并且可能导致反冲,从而不能设置驻留,并中止点火线圈的初级侧的充电。 [0026] If Y is greater than a predetermined nominal value, the engine speed is too low and may lead to kickback, and thus can not set the dwell, and suspends charging the primary side of the ignition coil. 由于在ATDC指定点5°处将没有火花,所以发动机将不会反冲,也不会起动。 Because the specified point at 5 ° ATDC will be no spark, the engine will not recoil, will not start.

[0027] 如果Y小于或等于预定值,发动机将旋转得足够快,从而将进行点火。 [0027] If Y is less than or equal to the predetermined value, the engine rotating fast enough, so that the ignition. 从等式2 的结果可看出,驻留(dwell)周期开始得足够早,以使点火线圈充电(在示例中,齿7之后0. 89毫秒齿部分,其中0. 89毫秒齿部分=0. 89*DTT,-图2中的驻留边缘28)。 From the results of Equation 2, resident (Dwell) cycle starts early enough to make the ignition coil charging (in the example, 0.89 milliseconds after the tooth portion 7 teeth, wherein the teeth portion of 0.89 ms = 0 . 89 * DTT, - resident edge 28 in FIG. 2). 现在必须进行火花点火。 We must now spark ignition.

[0028] 继续至序列3。 [0028] 3 continues to sequence.

[0029] 序列3 :在驻留周期26已经开始之后,测量在齿8和齿9之间的时间,如图2中的齿_齿时间Z所示,其在这里被限定为“火花齿时间” STT。 [0029] Sequence 3: 26 has been residing period after the start of the time measurement between the teeth 8 and 9 teeth, the teeth of time _ as shown in FIG. 2 Z, which is herein defined as "the time spark tooth "STT.

[0030] 如果Z小于或等于预定的标定值,发动机将旋转得足够快,从而将在计算的时间上进行点火。 [0030] If Z is less than or equal to a predetermined nominal value, the engine rotating fast enough, so that the ignition at the calculated time. 从等式1中可看出,将所示示例中的火花边缘设为齿9之后0. 33毫秒齿部分(tooth fraction in miliseconds),其中0. 33 毫秒齿部分=0. 33*STT(图2 中的点火位置24)。 As can be seen from Equation 1, the illustrated example is set to 0.33 msec spark tooth edge portion 9 after the tooth (tooth fraction in miliseconds), wherein the teeth portion of 0.33 msec = 0. 33 * STT (FIG. in the firing position 224).

[0031] 如果Z大于预定的标定值,发动机转速则太低,并可能导致反冲。 [0031] If Z is greater than a predetermined nominal value, the engine speed is too low and may cause kickback. 使火花正时延迟,并使驻留周期延长预定的可标定的角度量,其与时间z成比例,以确保点火发生在TDC 之后,从而防止反冲。 The spark timing retard, and reside prolong period of calibratable predetermined angle, which is proportional to time z to ensure ignition occurs after the TDC, so as to prevent backlash.

[0032] 在任何情况下都不会允许点火,直至已经感应到齿9 (TDC)。 [0032] In any case not allow the ignition has been sensed until the teeth 9 (TDC).

[0033] 当发动机12点火,并且靶轮14的转速超过预定值时,抗反冲系统100不起作用, 并且发动机点火控制恢复正常工作模式。 [0033] When the ignition of the engine 12, the target wheel 14 and the rotational speed exceeds a predetermined value, the anti-recoil system 100 does not work and the engine ignition control resumes normal operation mode.

[0034] 虽然已经通过参照各种特定的实施例描述了本发明,但是应该懂得,在所述的新颖概念的实质和范围内可进行许多变化。 [0034] Although specific embodiments with reference to the various embodiments described in the present invention, it is to be understood that within the spirit and scope of the novel concepts that many variations may be made. 因此,本发明并不局限于所述实施例,而是将具有由以下权利要求所限定的完整范围。 Accordingly, the present invention is not limited to the described embodiments, but will have full scope defined by the following claims to.

Claims (14)

  1. 一种用于在发动机(12)起动期间防止曲轴(10)反冲的方法(100),所述发动机具有点火系统,其包括火花塞和连接在所述火花塞上的线圈,并且还具有传感器(17),其用于感应所述曲轴在其旋转期间的角度位置,并且还具有控制器(50),其用于接收来自所述传感器(17)的信号,并用于控制所述方法的步骤,所述方法包括如下步骤:a)在发动机起动方向上以某一角速度推动所述曲轴(10);b)确定所述曲轴(10)越过所述曲轴的第一旋转角度的第一旋转时间(X),所述第一旋转角度在所述曲轴的上止点位置之前;c)将所述确定的第一旋转时间与预定的第一时限进行比较;d)如果所述第一旋转时间大于所述第一时限,就使所述火花塞点火的预定时间延迟;e)如果所述第一旋转时间小于所述第一时限,则计算并设定所述曲轴在所述火花塞点火之前必须转过的所述曲轴(10)的旋转 A method (100) of the crankshaft (10) during the kickback preventing (12) starting the engine, the engine having an ignition system including a spark plug and a coil connected to the spark plug, and further has a sensor (17 ), for sensing the angular position of the crankshaft during rotation thereof, and further having a controller (50) for receiving signals from the sensor (17) and for controlling the steps of the method, the said method comprising the steps of: a) pushing at an angular velocity of the crankshaft (10) in the engine starting direction; b) determining a first rotational angle of the crankshaft of the crankshaft beyond (10) a first rotation time (X ), the first rotation angle before top dead center position of said crankshaft; c) rotating the first time the determination is compared with a first predetermined time; D) if the time is greater than the first rotation said first time limit, causes the ignition of the spark plug for a predetermined time delay; E) if the first rotation time is less than the first time, is calculated and set the crankshaft must be rotated prior to ignition of the spark plug rotating the crankshaft (10) 度,并且还计算和设定所述曲轴必须旋转以开始所述线圈的驻留(28)而转过的所述曲轴的旋转角度;f)确定所述曲轴(10)越过所述曲轴的第二旋转角度的第二旋转时间(Y),所述曲轴的所述第二旋转角度位于所述第一旋转角度和所述曲轴的所述上止点位置之间;g)将所述确定的第二旋转时间与预定的第二时限进行比较;h)如果所述第二旋转时间大于所述第二时限,就中止所述火花塞的点火;i)如果所述第二旋转时间小于所述第二时限,就开始如步骤e)中所计算的所述线圈的所述驻留(28);j)确定所述曲轴(10)在所述线圈的所述驻留期间越过所述曲轴的第三旋转角度的第三旋转时间(Z);k)将所述确定的第三旋转时间与预定的第三时限进行比较;l)如果所述第三旋转时间大于所述第三时限,就使所述火花塞的所述点火时间延迟;和m)如果所述第三旋转时间小于所述 Degrees, and also calculates and sets the rotation angle of the crank shaft must be rotated to camp crankshaft (28) starts being rotated through said coil; F) determining said crankshaft beyond the second crankshaft (10) a second rotation angle of the second rotation time (Y), the second rotation of the crankshaft angle located between the first stopper and the rotational angle of the crankshaft on position; G) of the determined a second rotation time with a second predetermined timing comparator; H) if the second time is greater than said second rotational limit, ignition of the spark plug on the suspension; I) if the second time is smaller than the first rotation of j) determining the crankshaft (10) during the crossing of the crankshaft of the coil resides; the two coils time, began to step e) is calculated residing (28) three rotation angle of the third rotation time (Z); k) of the third rotation time determined is compared with a predetermined third time; L) if the third rotation time is greater than the third time limit, causes the the ignition delay time of the spark plug; and m) if the time is less than the third rotation 三时限,就如步骤e)中所计算的那样,使所述火花塞点火。 Three time, just as in step e) is calculated, the ignition spark plug.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,所述点火只发生在超出所述曲轴的上止点位置之后。 2. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that, after the ignition occurs only beyond the top dead center position of the crankshaft.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,从嵌入在所述控制器(50)逻辑中的一个或多个查找表获得所述第一预定时限、所述第二预定时限和所述第三预定时限。 3. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that, from the one or more embedded in the controller (50) logic lookup table to obtain the first predetermined time limit, the time limit and the second predetermined said third predetermined time.
  4. 4. 一种用于防止发动机(12)的曲轴(10)反冲的方法(100),所述发动机具有点火系统,其包括火花塞和连接在所述火花塞上的线圈,并且还具有传感器(17),其用于感应所述曲轴在其旋转期间的角度位置,并且还具有控制器(50),其用于接收来自所述传感器的信号,并用于控制所述方法的步骤,所述方法包括如下步骤:a)在发动机起动方向上以某一角速度推动所述曲轴(10);b)确定所述曲轴(10)越过所述曲轴的某一旋转角度的旋转时间(X),所述旋转角度在所述曲轴的上止点位置之前;c)将所述确定的旋转时间与预定的时限进行比较;d)如果所述旋转时间大于所述时限,就使所述火花塞延迟点火,所述延迟被确定为足以使所述点火发生在所述曲轴穿过上止点位置之后;e)如果所述旋转时间小于所述时限,就在预定的时间开始所述线圈的驻留(28);和f)在 4. A method (100) of the engine crankshaft (12) (10) to prevent kickback, the engine having an ignition system including a spark plug and a coil connected to the spark plug, and further has a sensor (17 ), for sensing the angular position of the crankshaft during rotation thereof, and further having a controller (50) for receiving a signal from the sensor, and for controlling the steps of the method, the method comprising the following steps: a) in the engine starting direction to push the crankshaft (10) with a certain angular velocity; b) determining the crankshaft (10) over the rotation time of a rotation angle of the crankshaft (X), said rotating angle before top dead center position of said crankshaft; c) to determine the rotation time is compared with a predetermined time limit; D) if the rotation time is greater than the time limit, causes the ignition delay of the spark plug, the after the delay is determined to be sufficient for the ignition occurs in the crankshaft passing through the top dead center position; E) if the rotation time is less than the limit, in a predetermined coil dwell time of the beginning (28); and f) in 骤d)中所确定的所述时间,使所述火花塞点火。 The time step d) is determined so that the spark ignition.
  5. 5.根据权利要求4所述的方法(100),其特征在于,所述旋转角度在上止点之前90°至75°之间。 5. The method (100) according to claim 4, characterized in that, between the rotational angle before top dead center 90 ° to 75 °.
  6. 6. 一种用于在发动机(12)起动期间防止曲轴(10)反冲的方法(100),所述发动机具有点火系统,其包括火花塞和连接在所述火花塞上的线圈,并且还具有传感器(50),其用于感应所述曲轴在其旋转期间的角度位置,并且还具有控制器,其用于接收来自所述传感器的信号,并用于控制所述方法的步骤,所述方法包括如下步骤:a)在发动机起动方向上以某一角速度推动所述曲轴(10);b)确定所述曲轴(10)越过所述曲轴的某一旋转角度的旋转时间(Y),所述旋转角度在所述曲轴的上止点位置之前;c)将所述确定的旋转时间与预定的时限进行比较;和d)如果所述旋转时间大于所述时限,就禁止所述线圈的驻留(28),并中止所述火花塞的点火。 6. A in the period (12) to prevent the start of the engine crankshaft (10) The method (100) of the recoil, the engine having an ignition system including a spark plug and a coil connected to the spark plug, and further has a sensor (50), for sensing the angular position of the crankshaft during rotation thereof, and further has a controller for receiving a signal from the sensor, and for controlling the steps of the method, the method comprising steps: a) in the engine starting direction to push the crankshaft (10) with a certain angular velocity; b) determining the crankshaft (10) over the rotation time of a rotation angle of the crankshaft (Y), the rotation angle resident (28 and d) if the rotation time is greater than the time limit, the coil is prohibited; c) to determine the rotation time is compared with a predetermined timing; before top dead center position of said crankshaft ), and abort the spark plug ignition.
  7. 7.根据权利要求6所述的方法,其特征在于,所述旋转角度在上止点之前45°至30° 之间。 7. The method according to claim 6, characterized in that, between the rotational angle before top dead center 45 ° to 30 °.
  8. 8. 一种用于在发动机(12)起动期间防止曲轴(10)反冲的方法(100),所述发动机具有点火系统,其包括火花塞和连接在所述火花塞上的线圈,并且还具有传感器(17),其用于感应所述曲轴在其旋转期间的角度位置,并且还具有控制器(50),其用于接收来自所述传感器的信号,并用于控制所述方法的步骤,所述方法包括如下步骤:a)在发动机起动方向上以某一角速度推动所述曲轴(10);b)确定所述曲轴(10)越过所述曲轴的某一旋转角度的旋转时间(Z),所述旋转角度在所述曲轴的上止点位置之前;c)将所述确定的旋转时间与预定的时限进行比较;d)如果所述旋转时间大于所述时限,就使所述火花塞点火的预定时间延迟;e)如果所述旋转时间小于所述时限,计算并设定所述曲轴(10)在所述火花塞点火之前必须转过的旋转角度,并且还计算和设定所述曲轴必须 8. A method for the period (12) to prevent the start of the engine crankshaft (10) The method (100) of the recoil, the engine having an ignition system including a spark plug and a coil connected to the spark plug, and further has a sensor (17), for sensing the angular position of the crankshaft during rotation thereof, and further having a controller (50) for receiving a signal from the sensor, and for controlling the steps of the method, the the method comprises the steps of: a) pushing at an angular velocity of the crankshaft (10) in the engine starting direction; b) determining the crankshaft (10) rotation time beyond a certain rotation angle of the crankshaft (Z), the predetermined d) if the rotation time is greater than the time limit, causes the ignition of the spark plug; said angle of rotation before top dead center position of said crankshaft; c) to determine the rotation time is compared with a predetermined time limit time delay; E) if the rotation time is less than the limit, and setting the calculated crankshaft (10) in the rotational angle of the spark plug before the ignition must be rotated, and also calculates and sets the crankshaft must 旋转以使所述火花塞开始点火而转过的旋转角度。 Rotation angle of the ignition plug so that ignition and turned to the start.
  9. 9.根据权利要求8所述的方法(100),其特征在于,所述旋转角度在上止点之前15°至0°之间。 9. The method (100) according to claim 8, characterized in that, between the rotational angle before top dead center 15 ° to 0 °.
  10. 10. 一种用于在发动机起动期间防止曲轴(10)反冲的装置(5),所述发动机具有点火系统,其包括火花塞和连接在所述火花塞上的线圈,所述装置包括:a)传感器(17),用于感应所述曲轴(10)在其旋转期间的角度位置;和b)控制器(50),其用于接收来自所述传感器(17)的信号,并允许或禁止所述火花塞的点火,其中所述控制器(50)中的算法用于确定所述曲轴(10)在所述起动期间的多个旋转角度的位置,以防止所述火花塞初次点火,直至所述曲轴(10)已经通过上止点位置。 10. A method for preventing the crankshaft (10) recoil means (5), an ignition system of the engine during engine starting, comprising a spark plug and a coil connected to the spark plug, the apparatus comprising: a) a sensor (17) for sensing the crankshaft (10) angular position during rotation thereof; and b) a controller (50) for receiving signals from the sensor (17), and allow or prohibit the ignition of said spark plug, wherein the controller algorithm (50) for determining the crankshaft (10) at a plurality of angles of rotation during the start position to prevent the initial ignition of the spark plug until the crankshaft (10) has passed the top dead center position.
  11. 11.根据权利要求10所述的装置(5),其特征在于,在所述曲轴(10)上设置有靶轮(14),且所述靶轮包括分段的靶轮。 11. The apparatus (5) according to claim 10, characterized in that the crankshaft (10) is provided with a target wheel (14), and said wheel comprises a target segment of a target wheel.
  12. 12.根据权利要求11所述的装置,其特征在于,所述分段的靶轮包括23个齿(16), 其从所述靶轮周缘(18)延伸出来,并在中心上间隔开15°间隙(22),从而在第一齿和第二十三齿之间提供了在中心上30°的标记间隙(20)。 12. The apparatus according to claim 11, wherein said target segment wheel 23 comprises teeth (16) which extends from the periphery of the wheel (18) of said target, and spaced apart from the center 15 ° gap (22), so as to provide a gap on the central mark (20) 30 ° between the first teeth and the twenty-third tooth.
  13. 13.根据权利要求10所述的装置,其特征在于,还包括踏杆(11),其用于在发动机起动方向上以某一角速度推动所述曲轴(10),其中所述传感器(17)和所述控制器(50)用于;a)确定所述曲轴(10)越过第一旋转角度的第一旋转时间(X),所述第一旋转角度在所述曲轴的上止点位置之前;b)将所述确定的第一旋转时间与预定的第一时限进行比较;c)如果所述第一旋转时间大于所述第一时限,就使所述火花塞点火的预定时间延迟;d)如果所述第一旋转时间小于所述第一时限,设定所述曲轴(10)在所述火花塞点火之前必须转过的旋转角度,所述旋转角度足以将所述曲轴(10)携带至经过上止点位置之后的位置,并且还要设定所述曲轴(10)必须旋转以开始所述线圈的驻留(28)而转过的旋转角度;e)确定所述曲轴(10)越过第二旋转角度的第二旋转时间(Y),所述第二旋转 13. The apparatus according to claim 10, characterized by further comprising a kick lever (11), for pushing a certain angular velocity of the crankshaft (10) in the engine starting direction, wherein the sensor (17) and said controller (50) is used; a) determining the crankshaft (10) over the first time of the first rotational angle of rotation (X), the first rotation angle before the top dead center position of said crankshaft ; b) a first rotation time is determined with the predetermined first timing comparator; c) if the first rotation time is greater than the first time limit, causes the ignition of the spark plug for a predetermined time delay; D) If the first rotation time is less than the first time, sets the crankshaft (10) to be rotated through an angle of rotation prior to the ignition spark plug, the rotational angle of the crankshaft sufficient to (10) carried through to the position after the top dead center position, and also set the crankshaft (10) rotation angle must be resident (28) starts being rotated through said coil; E) determining the crankshaft (10) over the first a second rotation angle of the second rotation time (Y), the second rotating 角度位于所述第一旋转角度和所述曲轴的所述上止点位置之间;f)将所述确定的第二旋转时间与预定的第二时限进行比较;g)如果所述第二旋转时间大于所述第二时限,就禁止所述驻留(28)的起动,并中止所述火花塞的点火。 Angle in the first rotational angle of the crankshaft between the upper dead point position; F) of the second rotation time determined is compared with a second predetermined limit; G) if said second rotary greater than the second time limit, the resident is prohibited (28) starting and aborting the ignition spark plug. h)如果所述第二旋转时间小于所述第二时限,就开始如步骤e)中所确定的所述驻留(28);i)确定所述曲轴(10)在所述线圈的所述驻留期间越过第三旋转角度的第三旋转时间(Z);j)将所述确定的第三旋转时间与预定的第三时限进行比较;k)如果所述第三旋转时间大于所述第三时限,就延长所述驻留,以延迟如步骤e)中所确定的所述火花塞的所述点火时间,直至所述曲轴(10)已通过上止点位置;和1)如果所述第三旋转时间小于所述第三时限,就如步骤e)中所确定的那样,使所述火花塞点火。 h) if said second time is less than said second rotational limit, a start step e) is determined residing (28); i) determining the crankshaft (10) in the coil over the third angle of rotation during the dwell time of the third rotation (Z); j) of the third rotation time determined is compared with a predetermined third time; K) if the third rotation time is greater than the second three time limit on the extension of the residence, the ignition timing of the spark plug in a delayed step e) is determined until the crankshaft (10) has passed the top dead center position; and 1) if the first three rotation time is less than the third time, just as step e) is determined so that the spark ignition.
  14. 14. 一种摩托车(13),包括:a)发动机(12),其包括曲轴(10);b)踏杆(11),用于在起动模式下推动所述曲轴(10)旋转;c)发动机点火系统,其包括火花塞和连接在所述火花塞上的线圈;d)传感器(17),用于在所述起动模式下,感应所述曲轴(10)在其旋转期间的角度位置;e)控制器(50),用于接收来自所述传感器(17)的信号,并控制所述点火系统的正时;和f)所述控制器(50)中的算法,用于确定所述曲轴(10)在所述起动模式期间的多个旋转角度的位置,以防止所述火花塞初次点火,直至所述曲轴(10)已经通过上止点位置。 A motorcycle (13), comprising: a) an engine (12), which includes a crankshaft (10); B) a kick lever (11), for urging said crankshaft (10) is rotated in the start mode; C ) engine ignition system including a spark plug and a coil connected to the spark plug; D) a sensor (17) for the said start mode, sensing the angular position of the crankshaft (10) during rotation thereof; E when) the controller (50) for receiving signals from the sensor (17), and controls the timing of the ignition system; and f) said control algorithm (50), for determining the crankshaft (10) at a plurality of rotational angle positions during the startup mode, so as to prevent ignition of the spark plug for the first time, until the crankshaft (10) has been through the upper dead center position.
CN 200680051649 2006-01-26 2006-01-26 Method and apparatus preventing recoil of motorcycle pedal starter CN101360913B (en)

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WO2014010164A1 (en) * 2012-07-09 2014-01-16 Yamaha Hatsudoki Kabushiki Kaisha Synchronisation system for an internal combustion engine with a toothed wheel with more than two reference positions
DE102013207173A1 (en) * 2013-04-19 2014-10-23 Robert Bosch Gmbh Method for determining segment times of a phonic wheel of an internal combustion engine
GB2518304B (en) * 2013-09-17 2015-09-09 Mbe Systems Ltd Engine starting system

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