CN101344020A - Solar tower type focusing high temperature heat collection steam boiler-turbine electric generating apparatus - Google Patents

Solar tower type focusing high temperature heat collection steam boiler-turbine electric generating apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101344020A
CN101344020A CNA200710137412XA CN200710137412A CN101344020A CN 101344020 A CN101344020 A CN 101344020A CN A200710137412X A CNA200710137412X A CN A200710137412XA CN 200710137412 A CN200710137412 A CN 200710137412A CN 101344020 A CN101344020 A CN 101344020A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
solar
steam
steam boiler
boiler
tower
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Pending
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CNA200710137412XA
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Chinese (zh)
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卢剑超
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卢剑超
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Priority to CNA200710137412XA priority Critical patent/CN101344020A/en
Publication of CN101344020A publication Critical patent/CN101344020A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers

Abstract

The invention relates to a solar tower-typed high temperature-focusing heat-collecting steam boiler-steam turbine generating device; the device arranges solar heat-collecting units with the number of n on the ground around a tall tower; each solar heat-collecting unit consists of a plane reflector, a solar tracing sensor and a control mechanism thereof, traces the sun and reflects the sunshine of different positions to the focus position of the top of the tower, namely around the solar steam boiler; the solar steam boiler is heated to generate pressure steam to drive the steam turbine to rotate for driving the generator to generate alternating current which is used on-line after the transformation by a transformer.

Description

The solar tower type focusing high temperature heat collection steam boiler-turbine electricity generating device
Affiliated technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of solar tower type focusing high temperature heat collection steam boiler-turbine electricity generating device, especially in the sun device can large size utilizes solar light focusing high temperature heating boiler to the tower, can obtain temperature height, pressure is big, the vapour amount is big steam pushing turbine, generator for electricity generation.
Background technique
At present, known device of solar generating, the solar panel that its structure or the pn knot photovoltaic effect of being made up of semi-conducting material produce electricity in the sun sends DC electrical source; Or form whole solar thermal collector (common solar water heater) or form whole solar thermal collector (common solar cooker) by sphere or cylindrical focusing plate by vacuum tube, be fixedly placed in and accept sunlight generation hot water or boiling water on the ground, can't obtain the generating of high temperature and high pressure steam pushing turbine; Known these solar panel electricity generating devices, the efficient of the electric weight that obtains is low, cost is high, need be reverse into Ac just can with the power network use of being incorporated into the power networks.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome existing solar panel electricity generating device, the efficient of the electric weight that obtains is low, the cost height, need be reverse into the deficiency that Ac just can be incorporated into the power networks and use, the invention provides a kind of by n plane reflector, solar tracking sensor and control mechanism thereof are the sunlight reflection thermal-arrest array board that every unit is formed, this array board can be in the sun in large area the sunlight reflect focalization around the solar energy steam boiler that is installed in the cat head eminence, water generates high pressure steam in the solar energy heating boiler of high temperature, the high pressure steam driving steam turbine rotates, and steam turbine drives generator again and sends the Ac that we use always.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: arrange with the demand of heat according to concrete landform and build a high tower, cat head is installed solar energy steam boiler.On the ground around the high tower, arrange n each solar energy heating unit (number of patent application of being made up of plane reflector, solar tracking sensor and control mechanism thereof: 200720147395.3 is installed, patent name: " a kind of spherical surface focusing heat collector " from the motion tracking sun, the spherical surface focusing heat collector of this device is transformed into the planar set hot plate, and all the other mechanisms are constant).In the sun, each solar energy heating unit is separately from the motion tracking sun (number of patent application: 200720147527.2, patent name: " a kind of solar tracking sensor of Pyatyi automatic light measuring ", change slightly), make the solar beam of diverse location is all reflexed to around focus place-solar energy steam boiler.Water in the focus place solar energy steam boiler has obtained the solar energy high temperature heat and has seethed with excitement, and the water generates high pressure steam of boiling is delivered to the steam turbine in the factory building of ground, and the driving steam turbine rotation drives generator again and sends Ac.The Ac that sends is incorporated power network into by the transformer transformation and is used through circuit breaker.Water vapor after the pushing turbine rotation is used condenses into water through channel flow to condensing tower and reuses.The water of loss is replenished automatically by boiler feed pump in the solar energy steam boiler.Having under the situation of sunlight, so successively, circulation operation endlessly, thus reach the purpose of solar energy steam boiler-steam turbine-generator for electricity generation.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows, having under the situation of sunlight, when n each solar energy heating unit of being made up of plane reflector, solar tracking sensor and control mechanism thereof of arrangement installation on the ground around the high tower made it to produce steam separately around the motion tracking sun all reflexes to the sunlight of diverse location cat head focus place-steam boiler, driving steam turbine rotation drive generator sent Ac.
Description of drawings
The present invention is further described below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
Fig. 1 is a solar energy heating unit section tectonic maps of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the sectional structural map of solar energy heating of the present invention unit thing (early evening at noon) direction when following the tracks of the sun and flashing back the sunlight.
Fig. 3 is north and south, solar energy heating of the present invention unit (summer in winter) the direction sectional structural map when following the tracks of the sun and flashing back the sunlight.
Fig. 4 is a general structure sectional drawing of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a general structure plan view of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a general structure section A enlarged view of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a general structure section B enlarged view of the present invention.
Among Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3,1. solar tracking sensor, 2. plane reflector and control mechanism thereof.Among Fig. 4, Fig. 5, (A) part is to arrange n each sunlight reflection thermal-arrest array board of being made up of plane reflector, solar tracking sensor and control mechanism thereof is installed on ground around the high tower, (B) part is a solar energy steam boiler, and (C) part is the power station schematic representation.In Fig. 6, Fig. 7,1. insulation cover, 2. boiler upper cylinder, 3. water, 4. heat pipe is 5. gone up lower cylinder body connecting tube, 6. logical vapour liquid islocation plate, 7. steam pipeline, 8. boiler feed pipe, 9. boiler lower cylinder body, 10. boiler foundation, 11. thermal baffles, 12. tower body, 13. condensing towers, 14. Steam Recovery pipes, 15. boiler feed pumps, 16. vapour storage tank, 17. steam pipelines, 18. steam turbine, 19. coolers, 20. generator, 21. circuit breakers, 22. transformers, 23. power network.
Embodiment
The present invention mainly arranges n sunlight reflection thermal-arrest array board, (B) part solar energy steam boiler, (C) part power station three parts of being made up of the solar energy heating unit of installation by (A) part and forms on ground around the high tower.(A) each solar energy heating unit of being made up of plane reflector, solar tracking sensor and control mechanism thereof of Bu Fen n is installed in (as Fig. 4, shown in Figure 5) around the high tower, each solar energy heating unit all can (this technology illustrates in other utility application from the motion tracking sun, here no longer repeat), make the plane reflector all reflex to the solar beam of diverse location around focus place-solar energy steam boiler on the heat pipe.Now stress (B) part solar energy steam boiler and (C) part the power station: in Fig. 6, Fig. 7, by connecting boiler upper cylinder (2) and boiler lower cylinder body (9) last lower cylinder body connecting tube (5), last lower cylinder body connecting tube (5) all around the axial direction ray shape solar energy steam boiler of arranging m root heat pipe (4) composition be placed on straight Tata body (12) top.The outer top of solar energy steam boiler is provided with insulation cover (1), inner water-filling (3) maintains on certain water line, inner top is provided with logical vapour liquid islocation plate (6), intermediate steam delivery pipe (7) by boiler upper cylinder (2) vapour chamber pass logical vapour liquid islocation plate (6), boiler lower cylinder body (9) connects vapour storage tank (16) at the bottom of passing straight through to tower, boiler feed pipe (8) is linked to each other with boiler feed pump (15) at the bottom of the tower by boiler lower cylinder body (9), and boiler foundation (10) the cushioning thermal baffle (11) of boiler lower cylinder body (9) bottom is fixedlyed connected with cat head (12).On ground at the bottom of the tower, be furnished with condensing tower (13), power plant building and booster stations.Be furnished with steam turbine (18), cooler (19), generator (20) in the power plant building, booster stations are furnished with circuit breaker (21), transformer (22), power network (23) inlet opening.
In an embodiment, utilizing sun high temperature heat to make solar energy steam boiler produce the steam driven steam turbine power generation is work like this: building a top according to concrete landform is the high tower (12) of concrete structure for the steel structure bottom, and cat head is installed solar energy steam boiler.On ground around the high tower, arrange n the sunlight reflection thermal-arrest array board of being made up of the solar energy heating unit is installed, having under the situation of sunlight, the plane reflector of each solar energy heating unit all can be from the orientation of the motion tracking sun, make reflector the solar beam of diverse location is all reflexed to focus place-solar energy steam boiler around heat pipe (4) locate (seeing Fig. 4, Fig. 5).Because large-area sunlight all focuses on and concentrates on steam boiler heat pipe (4) and locate, the temperature that heat pipe (4) is located up to 800 ℃~1000 ℃.Water in the n root heat pipe (4) that axial direction ray shape is arranged has absorbed the heat boiling.The water generates of boiling steam toward rising, passing logical vapour liquid islocation plate (6) enters steam pipeline (7) and delivers to vapour storage tank (16), when the steam of vapour storage tank (16) reaches certain pressure, steam is transported to steam turbine (18) driving steam turbine (18) through steam pipeline (17), steam turbine (18) and generator (20) is rotated send Ac.The process of solar energy heating-solar energy steam boiler-steam driven steam turbine-generator for electricity generation that Here it is.The area of sun reflector is big more, and the solar energy of gathering is also big more, and the steam that solar energy steam boiler produces is also many more, and the power that generator produces is also big more.The electric power that generator sends through circuit breaker (21), rise to suitable voltage by transformer (22) and incorporate power network (23) into and regulate to use.For the recovery section water resources, after steam driven steam turbine (18) the work done decompression that boiler produces, flow to condensing tower (13) through Steam Recovery pipe (14), part steam is condensed into water to reuse at condensing tower (13) again.In order to guarantee recurring of solar energy steam boiler steam, keep the uninterruptable power generation of generator, boiler feed pump (15) is by the loss that boiler feed pipe (8) replenishes water in the solar energy steam boiler automatically, keeps in the solar energy steam boiler water all the time on the water line of regulation.This just reaches the purpose of solar tower type focusing high temperature heat collection steam boiler-turbine generating.

Claims (3)

1. solar tower type focusing high temperature heat collection steam boiler-turbine electricity generating device, on the ground around the high tower, arrange n each sunlight thermal-arrest array board of being made up of plane reflector, solar tracking sensor and control mechanism thereof is installed, sunlight is reflexed to around cat head focus place-solar energy steam boiler, it is characterized in that: large-area solar light focusing produces steam at the cat head solar energy steam boiler of heating, driving steam turbine rotate to drive generator and sends Ac, through the use that is connected to the grid of transformer transformation.
2. solar tower type focusing high temperature heat collection steam boiler-steam turbine generating device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: arrange on the ground around the high tower sunlight thermal-arrest array board is installed, sunlight is reflexed to the steam boiler of heating around cat head focus place-solar energy steam boiler.
3. solar tower type focusing high temperature heat collection steam boiler-steam turbine generating device according to claim 1 is characterized in that solar energy steam boiler is arranged on the high tower upper top, and boiler heat pipe axial direction ray shape is arranged.
CNA200710137412XA 2007-07-11 2007-07-11 Solar tower type focusing high temperature heat collection steam boiler-turbine electric generating apparatus Pending CN101344020A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA200710137412XA CN101344020A (en) 2007-07-11 2007-07-11 Solar tower type focusing high temperature heat collection steam boiler-turbine electric generating apparatus

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA200710137412XA CN101344020A (en) 2007-07-11 2007-07-11 Solar tower type focusing high temperature heat collection steam boiler-turbine electric generating apparatus

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CN101344020A true CN101344020A (en) 2009-01-14

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101852193A (en) * 2009-11-11 2010-10-06 张卫 Concentrating solar power generation system
CN101929744A (en) * 2010-08-13 2010-12-29 李应鹏 Tower type solar concentrating system
CN101956968A (en) * 2010-09-27 2011-01-26 绍兴文理学院 Tower-type solar natural circulation receiver
CN102519153A (en) * 2011-12-20 2012-06-27 金华金大光能科技有限公司 Method for designing optical parameters of high-power solar strip-shaped Fresnel condensing mirror field device
CN102519155A (en) * 2011-12-29 2012-06-27 中国华能集团清洁能源技术研究院有限公司 Fresnel thermal power generation overlapped heat collector
CN102966498A (en) * 2011-09-02 2013-03-13 沈兴财 Solar thermal power generation equipment and solar power generation method thereof
WO2014029349A1 (en) * 2012-08-24 2014-02-27 Yang Yongshun Lens unit array condenser
CN104422148A (en) * 2013-09-04 2015-03-18 中广核太阳能开发有限公司 Column-type acceptor for solar tower-type thermal electricity generation and application method thereof
CN106556160A (en) * 2015-09-25 2017-04-05 北京兆阳光热技术有限公司 Reflecting mirror arrangement and tower type solar in a kind of tower power station utilizes device

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101852193A (en) * 2009-11-11 2010-10-06 张卫 Concentrating solar power generation system
CN101929744A (en) * 2010-08-13 2010-12-29 李应鹏 Tower type solar concentrating system
CN101956968A (en) * 2010-09-27 2011-01-26 绍兴文理学院 Tower-type solar natural circulation receiver
CN101956968B (en) * 2010-09-27 2013-03-13 绍兴文理学院 Tower-type solar natural circulation receiver
CN102966498A (en) * 2011-09-02 2013-03-13 沈兴财 Solar thermal power generation equipment and solar power generation method thereof
CN102966498B (en) * 2011-09-02 2017-04-12 温州大学 Solar thermal power generation equipment and solar power generation method thereof
CN102519153A (en) * 2011-12-20 2012-06-27 金华金大光能科技有限公司 Method for designing optical parameters of high-power solar strip-shaped Fresnel condensing mirror field device
CN102519155A (en) * 2011-12-29 2012-06-27 中国华能集团清洁能源技术研究院有限公司 Fresnel thermal power generation overlapped heat collector
CN102519155B (en) * 2011-12-29 2013-06-26 中国华能集团清洁能源技术研究院有限公司 Fresnel thermal power generation overlapped heat collector
WO2014029349A1 (en) * 2012-08-24 2014-02-27 Yang Yongshun Lens unit array condenser
CN104422148A (en) * 2013-09-04 2015-03-18 中广核太阳能开发有限公司 Column-type acceptor for solar tower-type thermal electricity generation and application method thereof
CN106556160A (en) * 2015-09-25 2017-04-05 北京兆阳光热技术有限公司 Reflecting mirror arrangement and tower type solar in a kind of tower power station utilizes device
CN106556160B (en) * 2015-09-25 2018-09-28 北京兆阳光热技术有限公司 Speculum arrangement and tower type solar in a kind of tower power station utilize device

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Open date: 20090114