CN103775144A - High-condensation and solar photo-thermal direct evaporation type fluid positive pressure circulation power generation system - Google Patents

High-condensation and solar photo-thermal direct evaporation type fluid positive pressure circulation power generation system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103775144A
CN103775144A CN201310373199.8A CN201310373199A CN103775144A CN 103775144 A CN103775144 A CN 103775144A CN 201310373199 A CN201310373199 A CN 201310373199A CN 103775144 A CN103775144 A CN 103775144A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
high pressure
pressure steam
heat
evaporation
type
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201310373199.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103775144B (en
Inventor
王天祥
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shenzhen Xian Songguang Thermoelectric Power Technology Co. Ltd.
Original Assignee
王天祥
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 王天祥 filed Critical 王天祥
Priority to CN201310373199.8A priority Critical patent/CN103775144B/en
Publication of CN103775144A publication Critical patent/CN103775144A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103775144B publication Critical patent/CN103775144B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The invention discloses a high-condensation and solar photo-thermal direct evaporation type fluid positive pressure circulation power generation system. High-condensation solar heat collecting devices are used for condensing sunlight and then reflecting the sunlight to the bottom of a direct evaporation high-pressure evaporation generator to generate high-pressure refrigerant steam, and then the steam enters a fluid positive circulation power generation system body for power generation. The fluid positive pressure circulation power generation system is composed of the high-condensation solar heat collecting devices, the direct evaporation type high-pressure steam generator, an eutectic salt heat storage system, the fluid positive pressure circulation power generation system, a power substation and distribution system, a PLC intelligent control system and others. The solar photo-thermal utilization rate of the high-condensation solar heat collecting devices reaches above 75%. On the basis of a fluid pressure balance positive pressure circulation principle, by the utilization of a 0.618 golden section method, the fluid positive pressure circulation power generation system makes efficiency of an ORC power turbine generator set be improved from 8-11% to 91.94% and is a radical innovation and technical revolution worldwide in the aspects of energy saving, emission reducing and new energy development and utilization, and all solar power generation systems in the modern world will be completely subverted.

Description

High concentrating solar photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type positive fluid pressure cycle generating system
Technical field
A kind of high concentrating solar photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system, one utilizes high concentrating solar heat-collecting devcie gathering sunlight to reflex to direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator bottom, environmental protection refrigerant is heated directly to be evaporated, produce high pressure refrigerant steam, enter the generating of Wang Shi cycle generating system, solar thermal energy is converted to the solar light-heat power-generation system of high-order electric energy at a low price.
Background technique
Day by day reduce in global warming, world's non-renewable resources, environmental pollution is more and more serious in the situation that, utilize reproducible clean energy resource generating, especially utilizing solar energy generation technology generating, is one of approach the most effectively solving energy shortage problem.Solar energy power generating future is under suspicion, because " high energy consumption, high pollution " brought in the source of solar energy power generating, the energy of consumption and manufacture cost are difficult to regain throughout one's life.
There is in the world the case of utilizing solar energy optical-thermal optically focused and melt and dissolved salt heat storage technology to realize solar light-heat power-generation, but, melt and dissolved salt regenerator temperature is generally not less than 550 ℃, need powerful photo-thermal optically focused matrix system to heat melt and dissolved salt, photo-thermal optically focused matrix system cost is high, and manufactured materials and the heat-retaining condition of heat storage container are had relatively high expectations.In addition, melt and dissolved salt mobility after lower than 250 ℃ is very poor, needs special technique processing, could solve melt and dissolved salt and flow and uninterruptable power generation problem.Due to the restriction of cost and technology, the application and development of this bladder meridian connecting with nape energy photo-thermal, melt and dissolved salt accumulation of heat generation technology is restricted.
Israel and other countries adopt the generating of solar energy optical-thermal optically focused direct irradiation photovoltaic panel, i.e. light-focusing type solar photoelectric (CPV) device, and this device can only be used for cogeneration of heat and power, and for high latitude area, applicability is little.
Recently, domestic Yanqing County of Beijing regional Construction there is the heliostat optically focused heating steam pushing turbine power generation system of independent intellectual property right, this is the one progress of optically focused being heated to melt and dissolved salt accumulation of heat generation technology.But steam turbine requires throttle (steam) temperature between 240 ℃~435 ℃, lower than the water vapor of 230 ℃, because temperature is low, pressure is little, can not generates electricity, and be wasted.So the total efficiency of the solar light-heat power-generation system of generating can not exceed 50% take water vapor as working medium, this photothermal power generation technology is unsatisfactory.
The invention of high concentrating solar photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system, in the world in solar light-heat power-generation field, first utilize high concentrating solar heat-collecting devcie gathering sunlight heat energy heating direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator, first use the organic refrigerant of environment protection type as cycle fluid, first adopt salt eutectic phase-change heat storage technology and Wang Shi cycle generating system, solar thermal energy is converted to the solar light-heat power-generation system of high-order electric energy at a low price.Wang Shi cycle generating system utilizes fluid pressure balance malleation circulation (Wang Shi circulation) principle and 0.618 Fibonacci method, solar thermal energy within the scope of 550 ℃~80 ℃ is converted to high-order electric energy, the efficiency of (ORC) power turbine that organic Rankine is circulated brings up to 91.94% by 8~11%, make the solar thermal utilization rate of solar energy bring up to 95.82%, cost for solar power generation and operating cost are reduced, every degree electricity price is reduced to approximately 0.1 yuan of left and right, is 10% of photovoltaic generation.Pollution-free, zero-emission, the energy consumption at solar energy power generating initial stage does not all have.Be great innovation and the technological revolution of world wide energy-saving, reduction of discharging, new energy development utilization, will thoroughly overturn all photovoltaics, solar-thermal generating system in Modern World, allow the dream of solar energy low cost generating come true.
Summary of the invention
A kind of high concentrating solar photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system, one utilizes high concentrating solar heat-collecting devcie gathering sunlight to reflex to direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator bottom, environmental protection refrigerant is heated directly to be evaporated, produce high pressure refrigerant steam, enter the generating of Wang Shi cycle generating system, solar thermal energy is converted to the solar light-heat power-generation system of high-order electric energy at a low price.
Main purpose of the present invention, be to provide a kind of high concentrating solar photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system, utilize this reproducible clean energy resource of solar energy, build the most cheap in the world solar light-heat power-generation station, sending the most cheap electric power, is mankind's service.
In order to achieve the above object, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
A kind of high concentrating solar photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system, one utilizes high concentrating solar heat-collecting devcie gathering sunlight to reflex to direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator bottom, environmental protection refrigerant is heated directly to be evaporated, produce high pressure refrigerant steam, enter the generating of Wang Shi cycle generating system, solar thermal energy is converted to the solar light-heat power-generation system of high-order electric energy at a low price.By comprising: high concentrating solar heat-collecting devcie, direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator, eutectic salts regenerative system, Wang Shi cycle generating system, transformation and distribution system, PLC intelligent control system etc. form.
Above-mentioned high concentrating solar photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system, is provided with high concentrating solar heat-collecting devcie.The butterfly that high concentrating solar heat-collecting devcie is made up of arc or parabolic mirror or parabola shaped sunlight reflected device and sunlight automatic tracking device form.The focal length length of this sunlight reflected device determined by reflector radian size, and focus temp height determined by focal length length, and it is 460 ℃~550 ℃ that the present invention designs focus temp.Heat-collecting capacity size is definite by the size of sunlight reflected device reflector area, and the quantity of high concentrating solar heat-collecting devcie is determined by 24 hours generated energy of solar power station whole day.The high concentrating solar heat-collecting devcie of many groups is arranged in around direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator with fan-shaped square formation, and focus point is gathered in the heat affected zone, bottom of direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator.In sunlight reflected device bottom, sunlight autotracking unit is installed, also can make sunlight reflected device from the motion tracking sun even overcast and rainy, assemble maximum solar radiation quantity, solar energy heat utilization efficiency reaches more than 75%.
Above-mentioned high concentrating solar photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system, is provided with direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator.Direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator is arranged on steel or concrete support, and setting height(from bottom) is determined by the focal length length of high concentrating solar heat-collecting devcie.Direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator is high-pressure bottle, and, corrosion-resistant metal materials withstand voltage with corrosion resistant plate or other are made, and bear pressure and are greater than 5.5mPa.Direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator bottom is the acceptor of solar heat, is also the photo-thermal focal zone of high concentrating solar heat-collecting devcie, absorbs solar energy, direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator top is the organic refrigerant high pressure steam of environment protection type accumulation regions, the organic refrigerant of environment protection type (the present invention selects R245fa) absorbs in direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator bottom after the solar heat of high concentrating solar heat-collecting devcie gathering, liquid-vapour phase occurs to be become, become steam state from liquid state, produce the R245fa high pressure steam of 4.5-5.5mPa, and assemble on direct-evaporation-type high compressed steam generator top, part R245fa high pressure steam enters eutectic salts regenerative system and carries out accumulation of heat, another part enters the generating of Wang Shi cycle generating system.The top of direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator is provided with safety valve, thermometer, pressure gauge, temperature transducer, pressure transducer, bottom is provided with electronic proportional integral modulating valve, according to the temperature and pressure in direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator, automatically regulate the inlet of liquid R245fa.The outside of direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator, except heat affected zone, bottom, is all incubated with high-temperature-resistant thermal-insulation material.
Above-mentioned high concentrating solar photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system, is provided with salt eutectic phase-change regenerative system.Salt eutectic phase-change regenerative system is made up of salt eutectic phase-change heat-accumulator tank and eutectic salts and various valve, pipeline.The salt eutectic phase-change heat-accumulating material of different phase transformation critical temperatures (82 ℃~164 ℃) is installed in salt eutectic phase-change heat-accumulator tank, filling in the spherical or rectangular vessel of sealing respectively, by low temperature to high temperature, from down to up, layering is placed in salt eutectic phase-change heat-accumulator tank, by eutectic salts solid-liquid phase change, the mode that adds latent heat with sensible heat absorbs, stores the heat of the R245fa high pressure steam that direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator produces.The heat of storing is used for generating in night, in the continuous overcast and rainy and period in winter, supplements the heat while generating electricity thermal source shortage of heat.Salt eutectic phase-change regenerative system is the safeguards system of high concentrating solar photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system whole year, all-weather uninterruptable power generation in 24 hours.
Above-mentioned high concentrating solar photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system, is provided with Wang Shi cycle generating system.Wang Shi cycle generating system is multistage power generation system, is made up of multistage main, secondary high pressure steam generator, multistage (ORC) power worm gear machine and multistage generator.The refrigerant medium R245fa high pressure steam endless form of Wang Shi cycle generating system, is the circulation of fluid pressure balance malleation, is called for short Wang Shi circulation.This fluid pressure balance malleation circulation is Wang Shi circulation, is different from organic Rankine circulation (ORC) and Ka Lina circulation (kalian).Wang Shi circulation is on the basis of organic Rankine circulation (ORC) principle, a kind of New Cycle mode createing, be fluid pressure balance malleation circulation: " under the condition of adiabatic, insulation, the fluid of material of the same race can balance under same equal pressure flow malleation circulation ".According to the thermal characteristics of R245fa, in identical facing at Jie's temperature, it is identical that generation liquid-gas phase becomes the vapor pressure producing.The vapor pressure that R245fa produces at identical Jie's of facing temperature is identical, under the condition of adiabatic, insulation, can be between different vessels and balance flow.Wang Shi cyclic process, is an adiabatic cyclic process, must under the condition of insulation, thermal insulation, carry out.R245fa high pressure steam and low pressure condensing steam are in power generation process, temperature and pressure declines step by step, Wang Shi circulation is repeatedly circulated R245fa high pressure steam and low pressure condensing steam in power generation system to low temperature, low pressure by high temperature, high pressure, promote step by step the operation of organic Rankine circulation (ORC) power turbine, the generating of drive generator, is fully recycled the R245fa high pressure steam of different temperatures, different pressures and low pressure condensing steam.The discharge amount of R245fa low pressure condensation steam-condensation heat is reduced to 4.18% left and right from 90% left and right, greatly reduced thermal waste, heat utilization rate reaches 95.82%.Increase generating capacity, made the efficiency of organic Rankine circulation (ORC) power turbine bring up to 91.94% by 8~11%, improved solar energy utilization ratio more than 8 times.
Wang Shi cycle generating system in above-mentioned high concentrating solar photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system, adopt 0.618 Fibonacci method to quantize the R245fa high pressure steam heat energy and the generating capacity that in direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator, produce, in order to determining, the each main of configuration Wang Shi cycle generating system, secondary high pressure steam generator and (ORC) specification, the model of power worm gear machine, generator.Automatically control by electronic proportional integral modulating valve the liquid R245fa flow that enters direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator, heat-accumulator tank, each main, secondary high pressure steam generator.Meanwhile, adopt 0.618 Fibonacci method to quantize R245fa high pressure steam flow and the generating capacity of the each main of Wang Shi cycle generating system, the generation of secondary high pressure steam generator.
Wang Shi cycle generating system in above-mentioned high concentrating solar photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system, the power equipment of choice for use is that organic Rankine circulation (ORC) power worm gear machine < is hereinafter to be referred as (ORC) power turbine >.Low temperature organic Rankine circulation (ORC) is to be similar to traditional steam turbine circulation.Low temperature organic Rankine circulation (ORC) worm gear machine, be one utilize environment protection type low boiling organic liquids as: the refrigeration agents such as R245fa, R410A, R134a, chloroethanes are as the power equipment of organic working medium circulation.R245fa refrigeration agent in direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator, after being heated, at Jie's temperature, liquid-vapour phase occurring in certain facing becomes, become steam state from liquid state, produce the R245fa high pressure steam of 4.5-5.5mPa, promote the running of (ORC) power turbine, drive generator generating by (ORC) power turbine again, complete a thermal power transfer and become the process of electric energy.R245fa high pressure steam promotes after the running of (ORC) power turbine, volumetric expansion, pressure decreased, become R245fa low pressure condensing steam, after throttling expansion condenser is cooling, discharge heat of condensation heat, 20 ℃~25 ℃ face at Jie's temperature, there is Liquid-Vapor Phase Transition, become low temperature, low pressure R245fa liquid, enter liquid storage tank, use again refrigerant pump, refrigerant delivery pipe, electronic proportional integral modulating valve is sent into direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator and Wang Shi cycle generating system mains at different levels, secondary high pressure steam generator, liquid-vapour phase occurs after heat absorption to be become, produce R245fa high pressure steam, continue circulating generation, carry out transformation of energy, thereby complete an organic Rankine circulation (ORC) and Wang Shi circulation.(ORC) power worm gear machine is tandem product, (ORC) power worm gear machine and generator composition (ORC) power worm gear machine power generating equipment, and generating capacity is 5~400KW.Wang Shi cycle generating system can, according to high concentrating solar heat-collecting devcie reflection total amount of heat size, be selected different generating capacities (ORC) power worm gear machine power generating equipment, sets up the solar power station that generating capacity is different.(ORC) disadvantage of power worm gear machine is exactly inefficiency, only has 8~11%, and the thermal source heat energy of nearly 90% left and right is discharged into space by the form with heat of condensation, causes significant wastage and thermo-pollution.Wang Shi cycle generating system, utilizes Wang Shi circulation to solve this world-famous puzzle, and the efficiency of (ORC) power worm gear machine is brought up to 91.94%.
Above-mentioned high concentrating solar photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system, the organic coolant media of environment protection type of choice for use is Honeywell 245fa (hereinafter to be referred as R245fa), and the chemical name of R245fa is pentafluoropropane, and molecular formula is CF 3cH 2cHF 2, have that thermodynamic property is stable, thermal conductivity is high, operating temperature range extensively, the characteristic such as do not burn, do not damage the ozone layer.Can be used for the thermal power transfer of nature or industrial source, adopt organic Rankine circulation (ORC) and Wang Shi circulating technology to produce electric power.
Wang Shi cycle generating system in above-mentioned high light-focusing type photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system, is made up of level Four main high pressure steam generator and the large system of level Four secondary high pressure steam generator two.The thermal source of the level Four main high pressure steam generator circulatory system, the R245fa high pressure steam producing from direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator; The thermal source of the level Four secondary high pressure steam generator circulatory system, what wherein first three groups adopted is the heat of condensation of the R245fa low pressure condensing steam of main 1 grade of (ORC) power turbine discharge; The thermal source of inferior 4 grades of high pressure steam generators, except having the heat of condensation of R245fa low pressure condensing steam of main 4 grades of (ORC) power turbines discharge, also have main 4 grades of high pressure steam generators out R245fa low temperature, the heat of low pressure steam and the heat of condensation of the R245fa low pressure condensing steam that inferior 3 grades of high pressure steam generators eject, totally three thermals source.These three thermals source finally become the need heat of condensation to be processed in high light-focusing type photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system, and this part heat accounts for 4% left and right of high light-focusing type heat-collecting devcie heat-collecting capacity.
The Wang Shi circulation (circulation of fluid pressure balance malleation) of the Wang Shi cycle generating system in high light-focusing type photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system is performed such: the R245fa high pressure steam producing from direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator enters main 1 grade of high pressure steam generator, making after the heat absorption of R245fa liquid, liquid-vapour phase to occur in main 1 grade of high pressure steam generator becomes, produce R245fa high pressure steam, enter 1 grade of (ORC) power turbine, promote 1 grade of (ORC) power turbine running, drive 1 grade of generator generating.The R245fa low pressure condensing steam of discharging from 1 grade of (ORC) power turbine, not routinely endless form to deliver to condenser cooling, but directly enter time 1 grade of high pressure steam generator as thermal source, make after the heat absorption of R245fa liquid, liquid-vapour phase to occur in time 1 grade of high pressure steam generator and become, the R245fa high pressure steam of generation enters main 2 grades of high pressure steam generators.
The R245fa high pressure steam that direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator produces from main 1 grade of high pressure steam generator out, enter main 2 grades of high pressure steam generators, as thermal source, by steam transmitting pipe bundle transferring heat, make, after the R245fa liquid heat absorption in main 2 grades of high pressure steam generators, the change of liquid-vapour phase occurs, produce R245fa high pressure steam, because equate with the R245fa high-pressure steam pressure entering from inferior 1 grade of high pressure steam generator, so, in the mode of Wang Shi circulation, after mixing, two groups of R245fa high pressure steams enter 2 grades of (ORC) power turbines, promote 2 grades of (ORC) power turbine runnings, drive 2 grades of generator generatings.
1 grade of low pressure R245fa condensing steam that (ORC) power turbine is discharged, from inferior 1 grade of high pressure steam generator out, enter time 2 grades of high pressure steam generators as thermal source, 2 grades of low pressure R245fa condensing steams that (ORC) power turbine is discharged, also directly enter time 2 grades of high pressure steam generators as thermal source, two thermals source make after the heat absorption of R245fa liquid, liquid-vapour phase to occur in time 2 grades of high pressure steam generators and become, and the R245fa high pressure steam of generation enters main 3 grades of high pressure steam generators.The R245fa high pressure steam that direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator produces from main 2 grades of high pressure steam generators out, enter main 3 grades of high pressure steam generators as thermal source, by steam transmitting pipe bundle transferring heat, making after the heat absorption of R245fa liquid, liquid-vapour phase to occur in main 3 grades of high pressure steam generators becomes, produce R245fa high pressure steam, because equate with the R245fa high-pressure steam pressure of time 2 grades of high pressure steam generator generations that enter simultaneously, so, after mixing in the mode of Wang Shi circulation, enter 3 grades of (ORC) power turbines, promote 3 grades of (ORC) power turbine runnings, drive 3 grades of generator generatings.
Low pressure R245fa condensing steam from inferior 2 grades of high pressure steam generators out, enter time 3 grades of high pressure steam generators as thermal source, 3 grades of low pressure R245fa condensing steams that (ORC) power turbine is discharged, also directly enter time 3 grades of high pressure steam generators as thermal source, two thermals source that pressure is equal, enter in time 3 grades of high pressure steam generators, make, after the heat absorption of R245fa liquid, the change of liquid-vapour phase occurs, the R245fa high pressure steam of generation enters main 4 grades of high pressure steam generators.The R245fa high pressure steam that direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator produces from main 3 grades of high pressure steam generators out, also enter main 4 grades of high pressure steam generators as thermal source, by steam transmitting pipe bundle transferring heat, make, after the heat absorption of R245fa liquid, the change of liquid-vapour phase occurs, produce R245fa high pressure steam, because equate with the R245fa high-pressure steam pressure entering from inferior 3 grades of high pressure steam generators, so, after mixing in the mode of Wang Shi circulation, enter 4 grades of (ORC) power turbines, promote 4 grades of (ORC) power turbine runnings, drive 4 grades of generator generatings.
Low pressure R245fa condensing steam from inferior 3 grades of high pressure steam generators out, enter time 4 grades of high pressure steam generators as thermal source, 4 grades of low pressure R245fa condensing steams that (ORC) power turbine is discharged, also directly enter time 4 grades of high pressure steam generators as thermal source, the high pressure R245fa steam that direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator produces also directly enters time 4 grades of high pressure steam generators as thermal source from main 4 grades of high pressure steam generators out, three thermals source that pressure is equal, by steam transmitting pipe bundle transferring heat, making after the heat absorption of R245fa liquid, liquid-vapour phase to occur in time 4 grades of high pressure steam generators becomes, produce R245fa high pressure steam and enter 5 grades of (ORC) power turbines, promote 5 grades of (ORC) power turbine runnings, drive 5 grades of generator generatings.
Low pressure R245fa condensing steam circulates by Wang Shi, and condenser heat is absorbed step by step.The high pressure R245fa steam that direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator produces enters time 4 grades of high pressure steam generators from 1 grade of master again to main 4 grades of high pressure steam generators, and heat is absorbed step by step.Three equal low pressure R245fa steam of pressure enters the temperature of time 4 grades of high pressure steam generators 67 ℃~85 ℃ left and right, the approximately 464~1261KPa of R245fa vapor pressure of generation.The current last circulation of low pressure R245fa low pressure steam, send out a small amount of electric power, consume partial heat energy, make the temperature of R245fa steam drop to 41.4 ℃~52.5 ℃ left and right, pressure is also reduced to 252~410KPa, become low temperature, low pressure R245fa steam, become last heat of condensation in high light-focusing type photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system, this part condenser heat accounts for 4.18% left and right of system total amount of heat.So, reduce greatly the cooling water water yield and pump power, reduce the energy consumption of cooling system.
Low temperature, low pressure R245fa steam from inferior 4 grades of high pressure steam generators out, from condensing steam transmission house steward, enter throttling expansion condenser through orifice throttle device, after 20 ℃~25 ℃ water quench, temperature reduces rapidly, there is the phase transformation of vapour-liquid body, become 28 ℃~30 ℃ following R245fa liquid, enter liquid storage tank, sent into direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator by R245fa liquid circulation pump through electronic proportional integral modulating valve again, each master in heat-accumulator tank and Wang Shi cycle generating system, secondary high pressure steam generator, heat absorption again, liquid-vapour phase occurs to be become, produce R245fa high pressure steam, continue circulation, so complete a R245fa refrigerant organic Rankine circulation (ORC) and Wang Shi circulation.
Now, all (ORC) power turbines in the world, efficiency only has 8~11%, and main cause is to have 90% heat energy not to be utilized, and is discharged by the form with heat of condensation, causes waste and thermo-pollution.Wang Shi circulation more than 90% lowly uses to 4.18% left and right heat of condensation from falling condense thermal energy, thoroughly solved (ORC) power turbine poor efficiency difficult problem.
In above-mentioned high light-focusing type photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system, throttling expansion condenser is installed.The effect of throttling expansion condenser, is that low temperature, low pressure R245fa condensing steam are passed through to water quench, and Liquid-Vapor Phase Transition occurs, and becomes liquid state from gaseous state, becomes low temperature, low pressure R245fa liquid.Structure and the high pressure steam generator of throttling expansion condenser are basic identical, but function and efficacy difference.The top of throttling expansion condenser, is provided with an orifice throttle device, is connected with R245fa low pressure condensation vapor transmission house steward.Orifice throttle device forms according to " joule-Thomson " law " throttling refrigeration effect " principle design.R245fa low pressure condensing steam is after orifice throttle, and flow is constant, flow velocity improve, pressure decreased, enter throttling expansion condenser after volume expand suddenly, pressure suddenly reduces, density reduces, and is conducive to absorb cooling water cold.The enclosure interior of throttling expansion condenser, is provided with the cooling tube bundle that many water-cooling tubes form, and cooling waterpump is fed into cooling tube bundle the cooling water of 20 ℃~25 ℃ of left and right, contacts with R245fa low pressure steam by tube wall, carries out heat exchange.Temperature be down to 28 ℃~below 30 ℃, produce Liquid-Vapor Phase Transition, after steam state becomes liquid state, enter R245fa liquid reservoir.
Above-mentioned high light-focusing type photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system, is provided with change, electrical distribution system.Change, electrical distribution system comprise the power transmission cable, change electric closet, the feed cable that are connected with 1~5 grade of generator.The electric power that power transmission cable sends 1~5 grade of generator is sent to change electric closet, becomes electric closet the electric power of input is converted to electricity consumption department or the grid-connected needed voltage electricity of electric power, and electrical power services is provided.Become electric closet and be provided with communication interface, be connected with intelligent PLC control system master control computer.
Above-mentioned high light-focusing type photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system, is provided with intelligent PLC control system.Described intelligent PLC control system, comprising: master control computer, temperature transducer, pressure transducer.On high concentrating solar photo-thermal device, direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator, eutectic salts regenerative system, main and secondary high pressure steam generator, guide line, signal transmssion line and disc type thermometer and pressure gauge and temperature transducer, pressure transducer are all installed, become on electric closet and have communication interface.Each electric valve, the guide line of electronic proportional integral modulating valve, signaling line in high light-focusing type photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system are all connected with master control computer.Master control computer is according to temperature transducer, pressure transducer, signaling line, the R245fa high pressure steam that communication interface transmits and the temperature and pressure information of low pressure condensing steam, and each equipment, the information of valve running state, as calculated, after analysis, send control signal and instruction, monitor at any time the running state of electronic proportional integral modulating valve on R245fa indusion tube, make to send into direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator, the brilliant salt heat-accumulator tank of dish and main, the R245fa fluid flow of secondary high pressure steam generator regulates automatically, guarantee that R245fa liquid is in facing at Jie's temperature of setting, liquid-vapour phase occurs to be become, produce the R245fa high pressure steam of pressure stability.By the control to electronic proportional integral modulating valve, the R245fa high-pressure steam pressure balance that can make main and secondary high pressure steam generator produce, realizes Wang Shi circulation.By the control to each electric valve, electronic proportional integral modulating valve in system, realize the intelligent operation of eutectic salts regenerative system and Wang Shi cycle generating system, automatically switch.The master control computer of intelligent PLC control system can also show, record in high light-focusing type photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system, operation conditions and the Operational Limits of each system, each equipment, each position, each parts, so that operator manipulate in real time, guarantee high light-focusing type photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system safe and reliable operation.Intelligent PLC control system is also designed with reports to the police and fault display system, once there be fault to occur, master control computer can show trouble location and character, prompting failure cause, and record and report to the police.Intelligent PLC control system can telecontrol and reset, and manipulation personnel also can inspection on the scene and reset.Thermometer and pressure gauge show real-time temperature and pressure, as direct observation, record foundation.Between intelligent PLC control system and transformation and distribution system, by communication interface, grasp at any time 1~5 grade of generator operating conditions and generated energy how many, control defeated, power distributing amount amount and object conveyor.
Adopt after said structure, high light-focusing type photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system is brought up to (ORC) power turbine engine efficiency more than 91%, has realized (ORC) power turbine dream of raising the efficiency for many years.The construction cost of solar power station and operating cost have been reduced more than 70%, and 0.1 yuan of left and right of the about RMB of average electricity price, becomes in the world the most cheap solar light-heat power-generation station.High light-focusing type photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system is the invention of great significance and innovation in renewable energy source domain, brings benefit to the mankind, serves society.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Figure of description 1 is high light-focusing type photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system schematic diagram.
Figure of description 2 is Wang Shi cycle generating system schematic diagram
Figure of description 3 is direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator structural representation.
Figure of description 4 is eutectic salts heat-accumulator tank structural representation.
Figure of description 5 is 1 grade of high pressure steam generator structural representation of master of Wang Shi cycle generating system.
Figure of description 6 is time 1 grade of high pressure steam generator structural representation of Wang Shi cycle generating system.
Figure of description 7 is the throttling expansion condenser structure schematic diagram of Wang Shi cycle generating system.
Figure of description 8 is the orifice throttle device structural representation of Wang Shi cycle generating system.
Embodiment
In order to make those skilled in the art better understand the present invention, hereby coordinate accompanying drawing to describe in detail.As shown in Figure 1, the invention discloses a kind of high light-focusing type photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system, the high light-focusing type photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system that has sunlit place to install and use as long as a kind of.
High light-focusing type photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system, by comprising: high concentrating solar heat-collecting devcie, direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator, eutectic salts regenerative system, Wang Shi cycle generating system, transformation and distribution system, PLC intelligent control system etc. form.Comprising: high concentrating solar heat-collecting devcie 1, butterfly sunlight reflected device 1-1, parabola shaped sunlight reflected device 1-2, sunlight reflected device focused radiation line 1-3, sunlight focus point 1-4, sunlight autotracking unit 1-5, direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator 2, R245fa liquid 2-1, R245fa high pressure steam 2-2, direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator support 2-3, main high pressure steam steam transmitting pipe 3, salt eutectic phase-change heat-accumulator tank 4, eutectic salts heat-accumulating material 4-1, main 1 grade of high pressure steam generator 5, steam transmitting pipe bundle 5-1, R245fa liquid 5-2, R245fa high pressure steam 5-3, high pressure steam transport tube 5-4, low pressure condensation vapor transmission pipe 5-5, main 2 grades of high pressure steam generators 6, steam transmitting pipe bundle 6-1, R245fa liquid 6-2, R245fa high pressure steam 6-3, high pressure steam transport tube 6-4, low pressure condensation vapor transmission pipe 6-5, main 3 grades of high pressure steam generators 7, steam transmitting pipe bundle 7-1, R245fa liquid 7-2, R245fa high pressure steam 7-3, high pressure steam transport tube 7-4, low pressure condensation vapor transmission pipe 7-5, main 4 grades of high pressure steam generators 8, steam transmitting pipe bundle 8-1, R245fa liquid 8-2, R245fa high pressure steam 8-3, high pressure steam transport tube 8-4, low pressure condensation vapor transmission pipe 8-5, 1 grade of (ORC) power turbine 9, 1 grade of generator 9-1, 2 grades of (ORC) power turbines 10, 2 grades of generator 10-1, 3 grades of (ORC) power turbines 11, 3 grades of generator 11-1, 4 grades of (ORC) power turbines 12, 4 grades of generator 12-1, 5 grades of (ORC) power turbines 13, 5 grades of generator 13-1, inferior 1 grade of high pressure steam generator 14, low pressure condensation steam exhaust pipe bundle 14-1, R245fa liquid 14-2, R245fa high pressure steam 14-3, high pressure steam transport tube 14-4, low pressure condensation vapor transmission pipe 14-5, inferior 2 grades of high pressure steam generators 15, low pressure condensation steam exhaust pipe bundle 15-1, R245fa liquid 15-2, R245fa high pressure steam 15-3, high pressure steam transport tube 15-4, low pressure condensation vapor transmission pipe 15-5, inferior 3 grades of high pressure steam generators 16, low pressure condensation steam exhaust pipe bundle 16-1, R245fa liquid 16-2, R245fa high pressure steam 16-3, high pressure steam transport tube 16-4, low pressure condensation vapor transmission pipe 16-5, inferior 4 grades of high pressure steam generators 17, low pressure condensation steam exhaust pipe bundle 17-1, R245fa liquid 17-2, R245fa high pressure steam 17-3, high pressure steam transport tube 17-4, low pressure condensation vapor transmission pipe 17-5, low pressure condensing steam delivery trunk 18, orifice throttle device 18-1, throttling expansion condenser 19, water quench tube bank 19-1, R245fa low pressure condensing steam 19-3, R245fa liquid 19-2, cooling waterpump 20, R245fa liquid liquid storage tank 21, R245fa liquid circulation pump 22, R245fa liquid delivery tube 22-1, electronic proportional integral modulating valve 23, power transmission cable 24, become, electric closet 25, disc type thermometer 26, pressure gauge 27, intelligent PLC control system 28, master control computer 28-1, temperature transducer 28-2, pressure transducer 28-3, electric two-way valve 29, electric two-way valve 29-1, electronic proportional integral modulating valve 29-2.
As shown in Figure 1, high concentrating solar heat-collecting devcie 1 around direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator support 2-3, is arranged on the direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator 2 above direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator support 2-3 with fan-shaped array distribution in focus.Butterfly sunlight reflected device 1-1 in high concentrating solar heat-collecting devcie 1 and parabola shaped sunlight reflected device 1-2 are under the driving of sunlight autotracking unit 1-5, arc reflection minute surface is being followed the tracks of sunlight automatic rotation always, under solar radiation, produce sunlight reflected device focused radiation line 1-3, sunlight focus point 1-4 is concentrated on to the heat affected zone, bottom of direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator 2, the temperature of design heat affected zone sunlight focus point 1-4 is 460 ℃~550 ℃.
As shown in Figure 3, direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator 2 is high-pressure bottles, and the cold liquid 2-1 of R245fa is equipped with in bottom, and the inlet of R245fa liquid 2-1 is controlled automatically by electronic proportional integral modulating valve 23.R245fa liquid 2-1 absorbs after solar heat by heat affected zone, bottom, produces the R245fa high pressure steam 2-2 of 4.5~5.5mPa.R245fa high pressure steam 2-2 is gathered in the top of direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator 2, is delivered to respectively in salt eutectic phase-change regenerative system and Wang Shi cycle generating system by main high pressure steam steam transmitting pipe 3.
As shown in Figure 4, salt eutectic phase-change heat-accumulator tank 4 is the high-pressure bottles with thermal insulation layer, and entrance is provided with electric two-way valve 29-1, and outlet is provided with electronic proportional integral modulating valve 29-2.The R245fa high pressure steam 2-2 of 460 ℃~550 ℃ enters after salt eutectic phase-change heat-accumulator tank 4, be arranged on different phase transformations in salt eutectic phase-change heat-accumulator tank 4 and face the eutectic salts heat-accumulating material 4-1 of Jie's temperature (82 ℃~164 ℃), solid-liquid phase change occurs, and the form that adds latent heat with sensible heat is stored up the part heat of R245fa high pressure steam 2-2.The quantity of salt eutectic phase-change heat-accumulator tank 4 by annual 24 hours generating operating modes, do not shining upon period power generation needs heat calculation.Salt eutectic phase-change heat-accumulator tank enters the R245fa high pressure steam 2-2 flow of exporting with night 4 daytimes, by electronic proportional integral modulating valve 23 and electronic proportional integral modulating valve 29-2 auto-adjustment control.
As shown in Figure 5, in Wang Shi cycle generating system, in main 1 grade of high pressure steam generator 5, steam transmitting pipe bundle 5-1 is installed, steam transmitting pipe bundle 5-1 is made up of many seamless steel pipes.The two ends of main 1 grade of high pressure steam generator 5, be respectively equipped with import and the outlet of main high pressure steam steam transmitting pipe 3, on the top of main 1 grade of high pressure steam generator 5, be provided with high pressure steam transport tube 5-4, bottom at main 1 grade of high pressure steam generator 5, be provided with R245fa low pressure liquid and send pipe 22-1 and electronic proportional integral modulating valve 23.
Main 2~4 grades of high pressure steam generators 6,7,8 are identical with main 1 grade of high pressure steam generator structure, just on main 6,7,8 grades of high pressure steam generator tops, increase respectively a high pressure steam transport tube 14-4,15-4,16-4, be connected with inferior 1~3 grade of high pressure steam generator respectively.
As shown in Figure 6, in inferior 1 grade of high pressure steam generator 14, low pressure condensation steam exhaust pipe bundle 14-1, exhaust tube bank 14-1 is installed and is formed by many seamless steel pipes.On the top of inferior 1 grade of high pressure steam generator 14, be provided with high pressure steam transport tube 14-4, be connected with main 2 grades of high pressure steam generators 6.At the two ends of inferior 1 grade of high pressure steam generator 14, be respectively equipped with low pressure condensation vapor transmission pipe 5-5 and 14-5, in the bottom of inferior 1 grade of high pressure steam generator 14, be provided with R245fa low pressure liquid and send pipe 22-1 and electronic proportional integral modulating valve 23.
Inferior 2~4 grades of high pressure steam generators are identical with time 1 grade of high pressure steam generator structure, are connected by low pressure condensation vapor transmission pipe 14-5,15-5,16-5.In order to reduce the resistance of R245fa low pressure condensing steam, low pressure condensation vapor transmission pipe 5-5,14-5,15-5,16-5 caliber, strengthen respectively step by step.The caliber of R245fa low pressure condensing steam delivery trunk 18, is greater than all low pressure condensation vapor transmission pipe 5-5,14-5,15-5,16-5 caliber, reducing on-way resistance, meet the needs of R245fa flow velocity in low pressure condensing steam delivery trunk 18.
As shown in Figure 7, the structure of throttling expansion condenser 19, is similar to the structure of main high pressure steam generator, belongs to the category of dry type heat exchanger.On the top of throttling expansion condenser 19, orifice throttle device 18-1 is installed, be connected with R245fa low pressure condensing steam delivery trunk 18.In the inside of throttling expansion condenser 19, be provided with cooling water tube bank 19-1, cooling water tube bank 19-1 is made up of many seamless steel pipes., there is R245fa liquid delivery tube 22-1 the bottom of throttling expansion condenser 19, is connected with R245fa liquid liquid storage tank 21.The two ends of throttling expansion condenser 19, are respectively equipped with cooling water outlet and inlet, and cooling water intake is connected with cooling waterpump 20.R245fa liquid liquid storage tank 21 is connected with R245fa liquid circulation pump 22, R245fa liquid circulation pump 22 is connected with all electronic proportional integral modulating valve 23 of high light-focusing type photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system by R245fa liquid delivery tube 22-1, and R245fa liquid is conveyed in direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator, salt eutectic phase-change heat-accumulator tank and each primary and secondary level high pressure steam generator.
Had after said structure, the mode of execution of high light-focusing type photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system is: after high concentrating solar heat-collecting devcie 1 starts, moves, solar energy optical-thermal heat energy produces immediately.The solar energy optical-thermal of approximately 460 ℃~550 ℃ focuses on the heat affected zone, bottom of direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator 2 from high concentrating solar heat-collecting devcie 1, R245fa liquid 2-1 absorbs solar heat by heat affected zone, bottom, produces the R245fa high pressure steam 2-2 of 4.5~5.5mPa.R245fa high pressure steam 2-2 is gathered in the top of direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator 2, is delivered to respectively in salt eutectic phase-change regenerative system and Wang Shi cycle generating system and carries out accumulation of heat, generating by main high pressure steam steam transmitting pipe 3.
As shown in Figure 2, enter the R245fa high pressure steam 2-2 of Wang Shi cycle generating system, first enter main 1 grade of high pressure steam generator 5, through steam transmitting pipe bundle 5-1, R245fa high pressure steam 2-2 heat is by each branch pipe wall of steam transmitting pipe bundle 5-1, steam heat is conducted to R245fa liquid 5-2, after R245fa liquid 5-2 heat absorption, at 460 ℃~550 ℃ of Jie's temperature, there is liquid-vapour phase and become facing, produce the R245fa high pressure steam 5-3 of 4.5~5.5mPa, R245fa high pressure steam 5-3 enters 1 grade of (ORC) power turbine 9 through high pressure steam transport tube 5-4, promoting 1 grade of (ORC) power turbine 9 turns round, drive 1 grade of generator 9-1 generating by 1 grade of (ORC) power turbine 9.Distribute according to 0.618 Fibonacci method, the R245fa high pressure steam 2-2 heat that main 1 grade of high pressure steam generator 5 is assigned to is 61.8% of R245fa high pressure steam 2-2 total amount of heat.From 1 grade of (ORC) power turbine 9 R245fa high pressure steam 5-3 out, become low pressure R245fa condensing steam, through low pressure condensation vapor transmission pipe 5-5, enter time 1 grade of high pressure steam generator 14, become the thermal source of time 1 grade of high pressure steam generator 14.Distribute according to 0.618 Fibonacci method, the thermal source heat that inferior 1 grade of high pressure steam generator 14 is assigned to, is 61.8% of 1 grade of (ORC) power turbine total condenser heat of low pressure R245fa condensing steam of discharging.Because the efficiency of 1 grade of (ORC) power turbine is 10%, so, the thermal source heat that inferior 1 grade of high pressure steam generator 14 is assigned to, equals R245fa high pressure steam 2-2 total amount of heat × 61.8% × (1-10%) × 61.8% that direct-evaporation-type steam generator produces.In order to make full use of R245fa high pressure steam 2-2 total amount of heat, high light-focusing type photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system is decided to be R245fa high pressure steam 2-2 total amount of heat 1 grade of generator power output and amounts to 61.8% of generating total amount, the generating capacity of time 1 grade of high pressure steam generator 14 is decided to be to 61.8% of low pressure R245fa condensing steam total generating capacity, and determines with this size and the specifications and models of leading 1 grade of high pressure steam generator 9,1 grade of generator 9-1 of 5,1 grade of (ORC) power turbine and inferior 1 grade of high pressure steam generator 14.Then, then by 0.618 Fibonacci method, the size of the specifications and models of definite main 2~4 grades of high pressure steam generators, 2~4 grades of (ORC) power turbines, 2~5 grades of generators and inferior 2~4 grades of high pressure steam generators successively.
Because the structure of main 1~4 grade of high pressure steam generator is basic identical, the conversion process of energy of the R245fa high pressure steam 2-2 circulatory system too.The R245fa high pressure steam 2-2 of 460 ℃~550 ℃ is leading 1 grade of high pressure steam generator 5 internal consumption after 61.8% total heat heat, flow is constant, temperature drops to 284.28 ℃~360.45 ℃ by 460 ℃~550 ℃, enter main 2 grades of high pressure steam generators 6 through R245fa high pressure steam steam transmitting pipe 3, R245fa high pressure steam 2-2 is by each branch pipe wall of steam transmitting pipe bundle 6-1, heat is conducted to R245fa liquid 6-2, after R245fa liquid 6-2 heat absorption, at 284.28 ℃~360.45 ℃ of Jie's temperature, there is liquid-vapour phase and become facing, produce the R245fa high pressure steam 6-3 of 2.78~3.4mPa, R245fa high pressure steam 6-3 is identical with the R245fa high pressure steam 14-3 pressure producing from inferior 1 grade of high pressure steam generator 14, circulate by Wang Shi endless form, R245fa high pressure steam 6-3 and 14-3, after main 2 grades of interior mixing of high pressure steam generator 6, enter 2 grades of (ORC) power turbines 10 from high pressure steam transport tube 6-4, promoting 2 grades of (ORC) power turbines 10 turns round, drive 2 grades of generator 10-1 generatings.
The low pressure R245fa condensing steam of discharging from 2 grades of (ORC) power turbines 10, enter time 2 grades of high pressure steam generators 15 from low pressure condensation vapor transmission pipe 6-5, become the thermal source of time 2 grades of high pressure steam generators 15, because the efficiency of 2 grades of (ORC) power turbines is 10%, so, the thermal source heat that enters time 2 grades of high pressure steam generators 15 equals 90% (1-10%) × 61.8% of the R245fa high pressure steam 6-3 heat that enters 2 grades of (ORC) power turbines 10, and temperature is 175.6 ℃~222.75 ℃.Simultaneously, also have from inferior 1 grade of high pressure steam generator 14 out, the R245fa low pressure condensing steam of 175.6 ℃~222.75 ℃ that enters through low pressure condensation vapor transmission pipe 14-5, also as the thermal source of inferior 2 grades of high pressure steam generators 15, this part thermal source heat equal to enter time 1 grade of high pressure steam generator 15 R245fa low pressure condensation steam heat 61.8%.Equate because enter two heat source temperatures of time 2 grades of high pressure steam generators 15, pressure is also equal, so, can carry out the circulation of Wang Shi endless form.R245fa low pressure liquid 15-2 in inferior 2 grades of high pressure steam generators 15, absorbing after two thermal source heats, liquid-vapour phase occurs to be become, produce R245fa high pressure steam 15-3, the temperature of R245fa high pressure steam 15-3 is 175.6 ℃~222.75 ℃, enters main 3 grades of high pressure steam generators 7 from high pressure steam transport tube 15-4.From main 2 grades of high pressure steam generators 6, the R245fa high pressure steam 2-2 of 175.6 ℃~222.75 ℃ out also enters main 3 grades of high pressure steam generators 7, by each branch pipe wall of steam transmitting pipe bundle 7-1, heat is conducted to R245fa liquid 7-2, after R245fa liquid 7-2 heat absorption, at 175.6 ℃~222.75 ℃ of Jie's temperature, there is liquid-vapour phase and become facing, produce the R245fa high pressure steam 7-3 of 1.72~2.1mPa, R245fa high pressure steam 7-3 is identical with the R245fa high pressure steam 15-3 pressure producing from inferior 2 grades of high pressure steam generators, circulate by Wang Shi endless form, after main 3 grades of interior mixing of high pressure steam generator 7, enter 3 grades of (ORC) power turbines 11 from high pressure steam transport tube 7-4, promoting 3 grades of (ORC) power turbines 11 turns round, drive 3 grades of generator 11-1 generatings.
The low pressure R245fa condensing steam of discharging from 3 grades of (ORC) power turbines 11, enter time 3 grades of high pressure steam generators 16 through low pressure condensation vapor transmission pipe 7-5, become the thermal source of time 3 grades of high pressure steam generators 16, because the efficiency of 3 grades of (ORC) power turbines 11 is 10%, so, the thermal source heat that enters time 3 grades of high pressure steam generators 16 equals 90% (1-10%) × 61.8% of the R245fa high pressure steam 7-3 heat that enters 3 grades of (ORC) power turbines 11, and temperature is 108.5 ℃~137.65 ℃.Simultaneously, also have from inferior 2 grades of high pressure steam generators 15 out, 108.5 ℃~137.65 ℃ low pressure condensing steams entering through low pressure condensation vapor transmission pipe 15-5, also as the thermal source of inferior 3 grades of high pressure steam generators 16, this part thermal source heat equal to enter time 2 grades of high pressure steam generators 15 R245fa low pressure condensation steam heat 61.8%.Because two heat source temperatures are equal, pressure is also equal, so, can circulate by Wang Shi endless form, jointly enter time 3 grades of high pressure steam generators 16 as thermal source.R245fa refrigerant low pressure liquid 16-2 in inferior 3 grades of high pressure steam generators 16, absorbing after two refrigerant low pressure condensation steam heats of R245fa, liquid-vapour phase occurs to be become, produce the R245fa high pressure steam 16-3 of 1.05~1.3mPa, enter main 4 grades of high pressure steam generators 8 from high pressure steam transport tube 16-4, the temperature of high pressure steam 16-3 is 108.5 ℃~137.65 ℃.From main 3 grades of high pressure steam generators 7, the R245fa high pressure steam 2-2 of 108.5 ℃~137.65 ℃ out enters main 4 grades of high pressure steam generators 8, by each branch pipe wall of steam transmitting pipe bundle 8-1, heat is conducted to R245fa liquid 8-2, after R245fa liquid 8-2 heat absorption, at 108.5 ℃~137.65 ℃ of Jie's temperature, there is liquid-vapour phase and become facing, produce the R245fa high pressure steam 8-3 of 1.05~1.3mPa, R245fa high pressure steam 8-3 is identical with the R245fa high pressure steam 16-3 pressure producing from inferior 3 grades of high pressure steam generators, circulate by Wang Shi endless form, after main 4 grades of interior mixing of high pressure steam generator 8, enter 4 grades of (ORC) power turbines 12 from high-pressure steam pipe 8-4, promoting 4 grades of (ORC) power turbines 12 turns round, drive 4 grades of generator 12-1 generatings.
The low pressure R245fa condensing steam of discharging from 4 grades of (ORC) power turbines 12, enter time 4 grades of high pressure steam generators 17 through low pressure condensation vapor transmission pipe 8-5, become the thermal source of time 4 grades of high pressure steam generators 17, because the efficiency of 4 grades of (ORC) power turbines 12 is 10%, so, the thermal source heat that enters time 4 grades of high pressure steam generators 17 equals 90% (1-10%) × 61.8% of the R245fa high pressure steam 8-3 heat that enters 4 grades of (ORC) power turbines 12, and temperature is 67 ℃~85.06 ℃.Simultaneously, also have from inferior 3 grades of high pressure steam generators 16 out, the R245fa low pressure condensing steam of 67 ℃~85.06 ℃ that enters through low pressure condensation vapor transmission pipe 16-5, also as the thermal source of inferior 4 grades of high pressure steam generators 17, this part thermal source heat equal to enter time 3 grades of high pressure steam generators 16 low pressure condensation steam heat 61.8%.Because two heat source temperatures are equal, pressure is also equal, so, can circulate by Wang Shi endless form, jointly enter time 4 grades of high pressure steam generators 17 as thermal source.What enter time 4 grades of high pressure steam generators 17 also has from leading 4 grades of R245fa high pressure steam 2-2 out, and temperature is 67 ℃~85.06 ℃, becomes the 3rd thermal source.R245fa low pressure liquid 17-2 in inferior 4 grades of high pressure steam generators 17, absorbing after three thermal source heats, liquid-vapour phase occurs to be become, produce high pressure steam 17-3, the temperature of high pressure steam 17-3 is 67 ℃~85.06 ℃, pressure is 0.65~0.80mPa, enters 5 grades of (ORC) power turbines 13 from high-pressure steam pipe 17-4, promotes 5 grades of (ORC) power turbines 13 and turns round, drives 5 grades of generator 13-1 generatings.
From main 1 grade of R245fa high pressure steam 2-2 that high pressure steam generator enters, circulate at main 1~4 grade of high pressure steam generator, heat is led 1~4 grade of R245fa low pressure liquid in high pressure steam generator and is absorbed step by step, liquid-vapour phase occurs to be become, produce high pressure steam, promote 1~5 grade of (ORC) power turbine running, drive 1~5 grade of generator generating.Temperature is reduced to 41 ℃~52.5 ℃ from 460 ℃~550 ℃, and so completing a R245fa high pressure steam 2-2 thermal power transfer is electric energy process; The R245fa low pressure condensing steam of 284.2 ℃~339.9 ℃ of discharging from 1 grade of (ORC) power turbine 9, after inferior 1~4 grade of high pressure steam generator circulates step by step, heat is absorbed step by step by the R245fa low pressure liquid in time 1~4 grade of high pressure steam generator, liquid-vapour phase occurs to be become, produce high pressure steam, enter main 2~4 grades of high pressure steam generators, after mixing with the R245fa high pressure steam in main 1~4 grade of high pressure steam generator, promote 2~5 grades of (ORC) power turbine runnings, drive 2~5 grades of generator generatings.Temperature is reduced to 41 ℃~52.5 ℃ from 284.2 ℃~339.9 ℃, so completes a R245fa low pressure condensation steam thermal energy and is converted to electric energy process.
R245fa high pressure steam 2-2 and R245fa low pressure condensing steam are being passed through after main 1~4 grade of high pressure steam generator and time 1~4 grade of high pressure steam generator, be merged into as R245fa low pressure steam, enter orifice throttle device 18-1 through low pressure condensation vapor transmission house steward 18.As accompanying drawing 7, shown in accompanying drawing 8, orifice throttle device 18-1 has many small aperture throttle pipes, according to " throttling refrigeration effect " principle of " joule-Thomson " law, R245fa low pressure steam is after orifice throttle device 18-1 throttling, flow is constant, flow velocity increases, pressure decreased, then enter throttling expansion condenser 19, in throttling expansion condenser 19, R245fa low pressure steam volume expands suddenly, density diminishes, contact with the outer surface of the each arm of cooling water tube bank 19-1, carry out heat exchange, absorb the cold of 20 ℃~25 ℃ of cooling waters, produce Liquid-Vapor Phase Transition, become liquid state from steam state, become low temperature, low pressure R245fa liquid.Low temperature, low pressure R245fa liquid enter R245fa liquid storage tank 21 from throttling expansion condenser 19 bottoms, by R245fa liquid circulation pump 22 through R245fa indusion tube 22-1 and electronic proportional integral modulating valve 23, send each main, secondary high pressure steam generator in direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator 2, salt eutectic phase-change heat-accumulator tank and Wang Shi cycle generating system to, so complete a R245fa organic Rankine circulation (ORC) and Wang Shi circulation.
R245fa fluid Wang Shi cyclic process is to carry out under adiabatic condition, and all devices and the equipment of high light-focusing type photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system have thermal insulation layer insulation.The thermal insulating material that thermal insulation layer is selected is hard polyurethane foam material or difficult combustion B 1level insulating rubber plastic.The performance of thermal insulating material and grade, carry out by NBS.
According to 0.618 Fibonacci method, generated energy and the generating capacity of high light-focusing type photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system are calculated by the following method, take 1000KW solar light-heat power-generation station as example:
Solar light-heat power-generation station generated energy: 1000KW (ORC) power turbine engine efficiency 10%
1, lead the generating capacity of 1 grade of high pressure steam generator:
1000KW × 0.618=618KW (first setting)
2, lead the generating capacity of 2 grades of high pressure steam generators:
(1000-618)KW×0.618×10%=23.60KW
3, lead the generating capacity of 3 grades of high pressure steam generators:
(1000-618-23.60)KW×0.618×10%=22.15KW
4, lead the generating capacity of 4 grades of high pressure steam generators:
(1000-618-23.60-22.15)KW×0.618×10%=20.78KW
5, lead the generating capacity of 1~4 grade of high pressure steam generator:
618+23.60+22.15+20.78=684.53KW
6, the generating capacity of inferior 1 grade of high pressure steam generator:
(1000-618) KW × 0.618 × (1-10%)=212.46KW (first setting)
7, the generating capacity of inferior 2 grades of high pressure steam generators:
(1000-618-212.46)KW×90%×0.618×10%=9.42KW
8, the generating capacity of inferior 3 grades of high pressure steam generators:
(1000-618-212.46-9.42)KW×90%×0.618×10%=8.90KW
9, the generating capacity of inferior 4 grades of high pressure steam generators equals three thermals source and amounts to generated energy sum total:
(1), from the inferior three grades heat resource power generation amounts that enter:
(1000-618-212.46-9.42-8.90)KW×90%×0.618×10%=8.41KW
(2) the heat resource power generation amount, entering from 4 grades of (ORC) power turbines:
20.78KW×90%×10%=1.87KW
(3), from main 4 grades of heat resource power generation amounts that enter:
(1000-684.53)KW×10%=31.54KW
The generating capacity (5 grades of generator 12 generated energy) of inferior 4 grades of high pressure steam generators:
(8.41+1.87+31.54)KW×10%=4.18KW
10, the generating capacity of inferior 1~4 grade of high pressure steam generator:
212.46+9.42+8.90+4.18=234.96KW
11, the total generating capacity of high light-focusing type photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system is:
(684.53+234.96)KW=919.49KW
12, the theoretical Generation Rate of high light-focusing type photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system is:
919.49KW÷1000KW×100%=91.94%
13, the solar thermal utilization rate of high light-focusing type photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system is:
(1000-8.41-1.87-31.54)KW÷1000KW×100%=95.82%
14, the last condenser heat of high light-focusing type photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system is:
(8.41+1.87+31.54)KW=41.82KW
Can find out from above calculating, high light-focusing type photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system, circulates by Wang Shi, and (ORC) power turbine engine efficiency brings up to 91.94% from 8~11%, reaches more than 8 times, and solar thermal utilization rate is 95.82%.
In above-mentioned high light-focusing type photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system, master control computer 28-1 in intelligent PLC control system 28, by temperature transducer 28-2, the information that pressure sensing 28-3 transmits, all the time to high concentrating solar heat-collecting devcie 1, direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator 2, 1~4 grade of master in salt eutectic phase-change heat-accumulator tank 4 and Wang Shi cycle generating system in salt eutectic phase-change regenerative system, inferior 1~4 grade of high-pressure generator, 1~5 grade of (ORC) power turbine, 1~5 grade of generator operation is monitored, record service data and running state, master control computer 28-1 is connected with change electric closet 25 by communication interface, grasp at any time generating, become distribution, transmission of electricity information, controlling change electric closet 25 works in order.Master control computer 28-1 can telecontrol, and operator also can, by being arranged on disc type thermometer 26, the pressure gauge 27 at each position, implement on-site supervision, guarantee that high light-focusing type photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system normally moves.If break down and abnormal state in system a part, abort situation and failure cause can be reported to the police and show to master control computer 28-1 alarm system, implements telecontrol, closes, stops associated components and equipment, prevents that major break down from occurring, and avoids major break down to occur.
Above-mentioned high light-focusing type photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system, owing to adopting Wang Shi cycle generating system, solar energy heat utilization efficiency is brought up to more than 95.82%, (ORC) power turbine engine efficiency is brought up to more than 91.94% from 8~11%, electricity price is reduced to 10% of photovoltaic electricity price, realized the solar energy dream of generating at a low price, energy-conservation, reduce discharging in sciemtifec and technical sphere beyond doubt a great pioneering work and innovation.

Claims (9)

1. one kind high concentrating solar photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system, one utilizes high concentrating solar heat-collecting devcie gathering sunlight to reflex to direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator bottom, the organic refrigerant of environment protection type is heated directly to be evaporated, produce high pressure refrigerant steam, enter the generating of Wang Shi cycle generating system, solar thermal energy is converted to the solar light-heat power-generation system of high-order electric energy at a low price.By comprising: high concentrating solar heat-collecting devcie, direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator, eutectic salts regenerative system, Wang Shi cycle generating system, transformation and distribution system, PLC intelligent control system etc. form.It is characterized in that, described high concentrating solar photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system, is provided with high concentrating solar heat-collecting devcie.High concentrating solar heat-collecting devcie is arc or the butterfly of parabolic mirror composition or the assemblying body of parabola shaped sunlight reflected device and sunlight autotracking unit.The focal length length of this sunlight reflected device is determined by mirror surface radian size, focus temp height is determined by focal length is long and short, heat-collecting capacity size is definite by the size of sunlight reflected device mirror surface area, and the quantity of high concentrating solar heat-collecting devcie is determined by 24 hours generated energy of solar power station whole day.The high concentrating solar heat-collecting devcie of many groups is arranged in around direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator with fan-shaped square formation, and focus point concentrates on the heat affected zone, bottom of direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator.Sunlight autotracking unit, is arranged on sunlight reflected device bottom, can make sunlight reflected device from motion tracking solar beam, and all-weather is aimed at the sun, extracts, utilizes maximum solar radiation quantity, and solar thermal utilization rate reaches more than 75%.
2. high concentrating solar photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described high concentrating solar photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system, is provided with direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator.Direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator is arranged on steel or concrete support, and setting height(from bottom) is long and short definite by the focal length of high concentrating solar heat-collecting devcie.Direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator is high-pressure bottle, and, corrosion-resistant metal materials withstand voltage with corrosion resistant plate or other are made, and bear pressure and are greater than 5.5mPa.Direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator bottom is the acceptor of solar heat, is also the photo-thermal focal zone of high concentrating solar heat-collecting devcie, absorbs solar energy.Direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator top is the organic refrigerant high pressure steam of environment protection type accumulation regions, the organic refrigerant of environment protection type (chloroethanes or R245fa) absorbs after solar heat in heat affected zone, direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator bottom, liquid-vapour phase occurs to be become, become steam state from liquid state, produce the organic refrigerant high pressure steam of environment protection type of 4.5-5.5mPa, high pressure steam, after assemble on direct-evaporation-type high compressed steam generator top, enters into eutectic salts regenerative system and the accumulation of heat of Wang Shi cycle generating system, generating.The top of direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator is provided with safety valve, thermometer, pressure gauge, temperature transducer, pressure transducer, bottom is provided with electronic proportional integral modulating valve, according to the temperature and pressure in direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator, automatically regulate the flow of the organic refrigerant of liquid environment protection type.Direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator, except heat affected zone, bottom, is all incubated with high-temperature-resistant thermal-insulation material.
3. high concentrating solar photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described high concentrating solar photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system, the organic coolant media of environment protection type of choice for use is Honeywell 245fa (hereinafter to be referred as R245fa), the chemical name of R245fa is pentafluoropropane, and molecular formula is CF 3cH 2cHF 2, have that thermodynamic property is stable, thermal conductivity is high, operating temperature range extensively, the characteristic such as do not burn, do not damage the ozone layer.Can be used for the thermal power transfer of nature or industrial source, adopt organic Rankine circulation and Wang Shi circulating technology to produce electric power.The initial temperature that produces high pressure steam after R245fa is heated is 460 ℃~550 ℃, and pressure is 4.5-5.5mPa.
4. high concentrating solar photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described high concentrating solar photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system, is provided with Wang Shi cycle generating system.Wang Shi circulation is the self-designed a kind of Fluid Circulation of patent inventor king's Tianxiang.Wang Shi circulation is on the basis of organic Rankine circulation (ORC) principle, a kind of New Cycle mode createing, it is the circulation of fluid pressure balance malleation, be called for short Wang Shi circulation: " under the condition of adiabatic, insulation, the fluid of material of the same race can balance under uniform pressure flow malleation circulation ".Wang Shi cycle generating system is multistage power generation system, and Wang Shi cycle generating system comprises multistage main, secondary high pressure steam generator and multistage (ORC) power turbine and generator.Wang Shi circulation repeatedly circulates organic refrigerant high pressure steam, promotes step by step the operation of organic Rankine circulation (ORC) power turbine under different temperatures, different pressures, drives generator generating.Wang Shi cycle generating system is reduced to 4.18% left and right heat of condensation, more than 95.82% heat energy utilization is got up, thoroughly solve the inefficient difficult problem of (ORC) power turbine, the efficiency of (ORC) power turbine that organic Rankine is circulated is brought up to more than 91.94% by 8~11%, improves heat utilization rate more than 8 times.Wang Shi circulation is the circulation of fluid pressure balance malleation, has been applied in another patent of invention of inventor herein king's Tianxiang: in naval's aircraft carrier, naval vessel, submarine engine used heat, waste heat power system (application number 201310242926.7).
5. high concentrating solar photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, Wang Shi cycle generating system in described high concentrating solar photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system, adopt 0.618 Fibonacci method, quantize heat energy and generating capacity that in direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator, R245fa produces, in order to determining, the each main of option and installment Wang Shi cycle generating system, secondary high pressure steam generator and (ORC) specification, the model of power worm gear machine, generator; Quantize high pressure steam amount and the condensing steam amount of the R245fa that enters each main, secondary high pressure steam generator, automatically control by electronic proportional integral modulating valve the R245fa fluid flow that enters each main, secondary high pressure steam generator.Meanwhile, quantize generator power outputs at different levels.That first 0.618 Fibonacci method applies to the technological innovation of solar light-heat power-generation system in the world.
6. high concentrating solar photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described high concentrating solar photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system, choice for use be organic Rankine circulation (ORC) power worm gear machine < hereinafter to be referred as (ORC) power turbine >, low temperature organic Rankine circulation (ORC) is to be similar to traditional steam turbine circulation.Low temperature organic Rankine circulation (ORC) worm gear machine, be one utilize environment protection type low boiling organic liquids as: the refrigeration agents such as R245fa, R410A, R134a, chloroethanes are as the power equipment of organic working medium circulation.This (ORC) power worm gear machine can drive generator generating.(ORC) power worm gear machine is tandem product, (ORC) power worm gear machine and generator composition (ORC) power worm gear machine power generating equipment, and separate unit generating capacity is 5~400KW.Wang Shi cycle generating system, according to the size of high concentrating solar heat-collecting devcie reflection total amount of heat, is selected (ORC) power worm gear machine generating combined equipment of different generating capacities, sets up power generation system solar power station step by step.It is the organic refrigerant R245fa of environment protection type that the present invention selects the cycle fluid of (ORC) power worm gear machine, the present invention is in the world in solar light-heat power-generation field, first introduction and apply the solar light-heat power-generation system of this multistage low-temperature electricity-generating combined equipment is the technological innovation in high-tech area.
7. high concentrating solar photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, in described high concentrating solar photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system, throttling expansion condenser is installed, for the organic refrigerant R245fa of cooling environment protection type low pressure steam.Orifice throttle device is installed on throttling expansion condenser, and water cooling equipment, water cooling equipment comprises cooling waterpump and cooling water, cooling waterpump is sent throttling expansion condenser to cooling water.According to " throttling refrigeration effect " principle of " joule-Thomson " law, when R245fa low pressure condensing steam process orifice throttle device, flow is constant, and flow velocity increases, pressure decreased, enter after throttling expansion condenser, volume expands suddenly, density reduces, and is conducive to absorb the cold of cooling water, produce Liquid-Vapor Phase Transition, become liquid state from gaseous state, become R245fa low pressure liquid, enter cistern.High concentrating solar photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system is installed after throttling expansion condenser, and cooling water amount is significantly reduced, and is a large technological innovation in world's energy-saving field.
8. high concentrating solar photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described high concentrating solar photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system, is provided with salt eutectic phase-change regenerative system.Salt eutectic phase-change regenerative system is made up of salt eutectic phase-change heat-accumulator tank, eutectic salts and various valve, pipeline.The salt eutectic phase-change heat-accumulating material of different phase transformation critical temperatures (82 ℃~164 ℃) is installed in salt eutectic phase-change heat-accumulator tank, filling in the spherical or rectangular vessel of sealing respectively, from low temperature to high temperature, from down to up, layering is placed in salt eutectic phase-change heat-accumulator tank, by eutectic salts solid-liquid phase change, the mode that adds latent heat with sensible heat absorbs, stores the heat of the R245fa high pressure steam that direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator produces.The heat of the heat of storing for night generating with while supplementing continuously overcast and rainy, generating electricity in winter thermal source shortage of heat.Salt eutectic phase-change regenerative system is the safeguards system of high concentrating solar photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system whole year, all-weather uninterruptable power generation in 24 hours.The eutectic salts solid-liquid phase change heat storage technology of the different phase transformation critical temperatures of this utilization is large technological innovations in salt eutectic phase-change heat storage technology application and solar light-heat power-generation field in the world at present.
9. high concentrating solar photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described high concentrating solar photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system, is provided with PLC intelligent control system.The information that master control computer expert excess temperature sensor, pressure transducer detect, implements to control to the sunlight automatic tracking device of high concentrating solar photo-thermal device, makes this device sunlight reflected device mirror surface automatically follow the sun and rotates; Electronic proportional integral in the electronic proportional integral modulating valve that direct-evaporation-type high pressure steam generator bottom is installed, the electronic proportional integral modulating valve that install eutectic salts heat-stored device upper and lower part, Wang Shi cycle generating system on multistage main, secondary high pressure steam generator is transferred in row monitoring, controls and is regulated, collect, record operation information, guarantee the failure-free operation of electronic proportional integral modulating valve, automatically regulate the flow of liquid R245fa, to control the generating capacity of refrigerant high pressure steam; By all mortor operated valves in high concentrating solar photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type Wang Shi cycle generating system are controlled and regulated, realize solar power system accumulation of heat, exothermic process automation, guarantee all-weather generating in 24 hours; Monitor in real time by the main in Wang Shi cycle generating system, secondary high pressure generator, (ORC) power worm gear machine, generator and change electric closet, grasp at any time generating, become distribution, transmission of electricity information, control change electric closet and work in order.Master control computer expert crosses communication interface and is connected with change electric closet, records service data and running state in Wang Shi cycle generating system.Master control computer is provided with alarm system, can report to the police and show abort situation and failure cause, implements telecontrol, closes, stops associated components and equipment, prevents that significant trouble from occurring, and avoids major accident to occur.
CN201310373199.8A 2013-08-15 2013-08-15 High concentrating solar photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type positive fluid pressure cycle generating system Expired - Fee Related CN103775144B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310373199.8A CN103775144B (en) 2013-08-15 2013-08-15 High concentrating solar photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type positive fluid pressure cycle generating system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310373199.8A CN103775144B (en) 2013-08-15 2013-08-15 High concentrating solar photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type positive fluid pressure cycle generating system

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103775144A true CN103775144A (en) 2014-05-07
CN103775144B CN103775144B (en) 2016-03-02

Family

ID=50567831

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201310373199.8A Expired - Fee Related CN103775144B (en) 2013-08-15 2013-08-15 High concentrating solar photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type positive fluid pressure cycle generating system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103775144B (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103883490A (en) * 2013-08-27 2014-06-25 王天祥 Circulatory multistage power generation system
CN104836377A (en) * 2015-05-15 2015-08-12 成都中冶节能环保工程有限公司 Alarm type coke oven waste heat power generation system based on power supply adjustment circuit

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20050183421A1 (en) * 2002-02-25 2005-08-25 Kirell, Inc., Dba H & R Consulting. System and method for generation of electricity and power from waste heat and solar sources
CN101354191A (en) * 2008-09-26 2009-01-28 南京工业大学 System for utilizing solar step developing heat
CN201265491Y (en) * 2008-04-09 2009-07-01 张军建 Multi-stage solar power output system
CN101504199A (en) * 2008-02-04 2009-08-12 张玉良 Low cost solar tracing and novel thermal circulation method
CN101798996A (en) * 2010-01-06 2010-08-11 中国科学技术大学 Direct-expansion type solar energy low-temperature thermal power generation and photovoltaic power generation compound system
CN202645893U (en) * 2012-07-20 2013-01-02 哈尔滨汽轮机厂辅机工程有限公司 Fused salt hot working system of secondary reflective tower type solar photo-thermal power station
CN103193283A (en) * 2013-03-26 2013-07-10 中国科学院工程热物理研究所 High-efficiency energy-storing cold, heat, electricity and water poly-generation system

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US20050183421A1 (en) * 2002-02-25 2005-08-25 Kirell, Inc., Dba H & R Consulting. System and method for generation of electricity and power from waste heat and solar sources
CN101504199A (en) * 2008-02-04 2009-08-12 张玉良 Low cost solar tracing and novel thermal circulation method
CN201265491Y (en) * 2008-04-09 2009-07-01 张军建 Multi-stage solar power output system
CN101354191A (en) * 2008-09-26 2009-01-28 南京工业大学 System for utilizing solar step developing heat
CN101798996A (en) * 2010-01-06 2010-08-11 中国科学技术大学 Direct-expansion type solar energy low-temperature thermal power generation and photovoltaic power generation compound system
CN202645893U (en) * 2012-07-20 2013-01-02 哈尔滨汽轮机厂辅机工程有限公司 Fused salt hot working system of secondary reflective tower type solar photo-thermal power station
CN103193283A (en) * 2013-03-26 2013-07-10 中国科学院工程热物理研究所 High-efficiency energy-storing cold, heat, electricity and water poly-generation system

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103883490A (en) * 2013-08-27 2014-06-25 王天祥 Circulatory multistage power generation system
CN104836377A (en) * 2015-05-15 2015-08-12 成都中冶节能环保工程有限公司 Alarm type coke oven waste heat power generation system based on power supply adjustment circuit

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN103775144B (en) 2016-03-02

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102967080B (en) Thermal power system with complementation between solar energy and biomass energy
CN103307803B (en) Cold and hot water supply device by compositely utilizing energy
CN203177503U (en) Fused salt heat storage heat exchange device for solar energy photothermal power generation
CN208380764U (en) A kind of Bretton solar-thermal generating system of the improvement based on slot type heliostat
CN102734095A (en) Slotted solar intermediate/low-temperature ORC (organic rankine cycle) thermal power generator
CN104359233B (en) Solar energy tracking focuses on generating and refrigeration system
CN102242698A (en) Distributed-type heat and power cogeneration set capable of accumulating energy and heat
CN104653418A (en) Solar acquisition heat accumulating system
CN205047262U (en) Super supercritical carbon dioxide power generation system based on secondary reflection spotlight heat absorption technique
CN203214254U (en) Fused salt and heat conducting oil heat exchanging device for solar photo-thermal power generating
CN112503782A (en) Oil field waste heat recovery system and method applying solar energy and lithium bromide heat pump
CN102278285A (en) High-temperature heat-accumulating-type new energy utilizing system
CN202001231U (en) Slotted solar middle-low-temperature ORC (Organic Rankine Cycle) thermal power generation device
CN103061833A (en) Solar energy and biomass energy combined heat and power cogeneration device
CN102235332A (en) Solar photo-thermal vapor-liquid two-phase flow thermal expansion power generating system
CN102242697A (en) Distributed-type non-tracking solar power generation and poly-generation system
CN103775144B (en) High concentrating solar photo-thermal direct-evaporation-type positive fluid pressure cycle generating system
CN103017397B (en) Medium-high temperature solar steam-absorption refrigeration-seawater desalination-energy storage coupling system
JP6138495B2 (en) Power generation system
CN202747471U (en) Solar heat storing and heating system
CN203081664U (en) Factory agricultural multi-stage solar energy and other energy compensation thermal power generation system
CN205843123U (en) A kind of based on solar source with the hot cold supply system of water source low-temperature receiver
CN101388626A (en) Solar electric generating apparatus
WO2015012448A1 (en) Small hydroelectric complex power generation system
CN102865203A (en) Factorial agricultural multi-stage solar energy and other energy complementary thermal power generation and poly-generation system

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C41 Transfer of patent application or patent right or utility model
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20161025

Address after: 518052 Guangdong city of Shenzhen province Qianhai Shenzhen Hong Kong cooperation zone before Bay Road No. 1 building 201 room A

Patentee after: Shenzhen Xian Songguang Thermoelectric Power Technology Co. Ltd.

Address before: Futian District Yitian road Shenzhen city Guangdong province 518026 B Royal Plaza, No. 3008 room 3304

Patentee before: Wang Tianxiang

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160302

Termination date: 20170815

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee