CN101333664B - Normal temperature metal cleaner and technique of preparing the same - Google Patents

Normal temperature metal cleaner and technique of preparing the same Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101333664B
CN101333664B CN2008100212917A CN200810021291A CN101333664B CN 101333664 B CN101333664 B CN 101333664B CN 2008100212917 A CN2008100212917 A CN 2008100212917A CN 200810021291 A CN200810021291 A CN 200810021291A CN 101333664 B CN101333664 B CN 101333664B
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China
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parts
normal temperature
acid
temperature metal
metal cleaner
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CN2008100212917A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101333664A (en
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万晓茂
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万晓茂
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Abstract

The invention relates to a normal temperature metal cleaner as well as a preparation process thereof. The cleaner comprises the following components by weight: 6 to 8 parts of amphoteric surfactant; 0.2 to 0.4 parts of potassium permanganate; 1 to 2 parts of emulsifying agent; 4 to 8 parts of oxalic acid; 10 to 20 parts of acid fog inhibitor; 5 to 10 parts of triethanolamine oleate; 2 to 4 parts of surface conditioning agent; 3 to 6 parts of pickling inhibitor; 50 to 100 parts of hydrochloric acid with concentration of 31 to 36 percent; and 20 to 40 parts of water. Compared with the prior art, the normal temperature metal cleaner and the preparation process thereof have the advantages of: 1. convenience: the product is applied to the cleaning of various metallic products, and is simple and convenient in operation. 2. High efficiency: the operation process is simple, and the cleaning efficiency is greatly improved. 3. Economy: surfaces of various metal workpieces can be effectively cleaned and treated, the consumption of cleaner is low, and the production speed is expedited for users. 4. Environmental protection: the cleaner has no acid mist and is safe for human body.

Description

Normal temperature metal cleaner and preparation technology thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to chemical field, especially relate to a kind of normal temperature metal cleaner and preparation technology thereof.
Background technology
Metal cleaner is a kind of surface decontamination agent of the composite synthetic of kinds of surface promoting agent, and it can deoil, decontamination, makes the workpiece surface cleaning dry and comfortable.Be used to remove the metal cleaner of metal surface greasy dirt in the market, normally middle temperature or hot metal clean-out system, and this metalloid clean-out system all has a kind of defective of maximum, just be and heat, if heat then cost is higher with calrod, heat then influence environment if use coal stove instead, also must pay certain cost, how accomplishing to heat just equally to obtain removing the effect of metal surface greasy dirt, is the direction that people study all the time.Though normal temperature metal cleaner has been arranged on the market, and its cost is higher, performance is stable inadequately, and process for preparation is loaded down with trivial details, is easy to produce acid mist, causes environmental pollution, also can cause disadvantageous effect to the user.For example, the acid mist that in cleaning process, produces, not only etching apparatus and factory building, contaminate environment, and can cause people's teeth corrosion, the tooth conjunctiva is rubescent, sheds tears pain, dry throat, symptoms such as cough.
In order to improve, people have carried out long-term exploration, various schemes have been proposed, for example Chinese patent literature discloses a kind of multifunctional special-purpose metal detergent for steel products [application number: 200810019187.4], this metal cleaner is to be raw material with phosphoric acid, sodium tartrate, sodium sulfate, OP-10, SPAN-80, tetrahydroglyoxaline, zinc phosphate, urotropine, sulphur urine, tributyl phosphate, EDTA disodium and ethylene glycol, forms with water is composite.Not only cost is low for this clean-out system, efficient is high, and its Working environment does not have acid mist and occurs, can operating environment of pollution, the pollution-free public hazards of its waste liquid, but the also normal temperature operation down of operation of can heating, meet the processing requirement that streamline is produced, it can use by thin up, also can continue fluid infusion and use, and can reduce use cost greatly, safe in utilization, convenient, efficient.But such scheme still exists and is difficult to preparation, defective such as cost is higher, and cleaning performance is relatively poor.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is at the problems referred to above, provide a kind of compatibility reasonable, cost is lower, and cleaning performance is good, can not produce acid mist, can effectively protect the user, the normal temperature metal cleaner of energy-conserving and environment-protective.
Another object of the present invention is at the problems referred to above, provides a kind of blending process simple, the preparation technology of the normal temperature metal cleaner of easy handling.
For achieving the above object, the present invention has adopted following technical proposal: normal temperature metal cleaner is characterized in that this clean-out system comprises the component of following weight part: 6~8 parts of amphotericses; 0.2~0.4 part in potassium permanganate; 1~2 part of emulsifying agent; 4~8 parts of oxalic acid; 10~20 parts of acid fog inhibitors; 5~10 parts of triethanolamine oleates; 2~4 parts of surface conditioners; 3~6 parts of restrainers; 50~100 parts of the hydrochloric acid of 31~36% concentration; 20~40 parts in water.
The molecule of amphoterics all has amphipathic structure, and a part is hydrophilic, and such as hydroxyl etc., a part is lipophilic, such as aliphatic segment; And amphoterics can play the effect of emulsification, discrete workpieces surface dirt, makes dirt enter solution state, cleans up easily under the effect of abrasive material, protects the excessive scuffing of workpiece surface simultaneously.Emulsifying agent dissolves in the water of any hardness, acid and alkali-resistance. have premium propertiess such as emulsification, level dyeing, moistening and diffusion.Acid fog inhibitor can effectively be avoided in use producing human body being damaged the acid mist of contaminate environment.Surface conditioner can make the metallic surface that the variation of microcosmic takes place, thereby improves the phosphatization effect significantly, can promote to generate the phosphatize phosphate coat of even compact, improves the resistance to corrosion of metal.It can change metallic surface state, acceleration parkerizing process, reduction phosphatization liquid temp, impel the composite chemical material of the phosphatize phosphate coat that forms the trickle densification of crystallization.Surface conditioner can be applicable to the phosphatization front surface and adjusts operation, is adsorbed on the metallic surface with particulate form, becomes that one deck is evenly distributed, a fairly large number of phosphatization crystalline nucleus.Because the nucleus quantity of metallic surface is many, in the crystalline growth process, can be very fast interconnection between the crystal, limit the crystal continued growth, thereby made the phosphatize phosphate coat crystallization fine and closely woven evenly.Use restrainer to make and washed the equipment loss minimizing more than 90%.
In above-mentioned normal temperature metal cleaner, described emulsifying agent is alkylphenol and ethylene oxide condensate.
In above-mentioned normal temperature metal cleaner, described emulsifying agent is the OP-10 emulsifying agent.The OP-10 emulsifying agent is soluble in oil and other organic solvent, is dispersed in the water, has the good emulsifying performance.Has acid-and base-resisting, salt, hard water, performance such as good emulsifying, level dyeing, wetting, diffusion, washing.
In above-mentioned normal temperature metal cleaner, described oxalic acid is industrial ethanedioic acid, and described water is deionized water.
In above-mentioned normal temperature metal cleaner, described acid fog inhibitor comprises 1,3-di-o-tolyl-thiourea 26%, starch 17%, salt 52%, peregal 0.5%; Perhaps described acid fog inhibitor comprises di-o-tolyl-thiourea 25%, salt 50%, dextrin 20%, spaonin powder 5%.
In the above-mentioned normal temperature metal cleaner, make by following step: the preparation technology of normal temperature metal cleaner is characterized in that this preparation technology comprises following operation:
A: 6~8 parts of amphotericses, 10~20 parts deionized water are added first reactor stir and make it dissolving, continue to stir and add 1~2 part of OP-10 emulsifying agent, 4~8 parts of industrial ethanedioic acids and 10~20 parts of acid fog inhibitors and makes it to dissolve once more;
B, 5~10 parts of triethanolamine oleates, 10~20 parts of deionized waters are added carry out stirring and dissolving in another reactor, continue to stir and add 3~6 portions of restrainers and carry out stirring and dissolving;
C, the material in the step B reactor joined in the steps A reactor continue in the dissolved material to stir, add the hydrochloric acid of 50~100 parts of 31-36% concentration, 0.2~0.4 part potassium permanganate and 2~4 parts surface conditioner more gradually, stir for some time, promptly make product after leaving standstill.
The preparation of this metal clean-out system is simple, and simple and easy to do, soil removability is strong, and normal temperature is easily washing down, does not contain the toxicity material, does not produce obnoxious flavour, and labor condition is good, can improve rust cleaning speed, prevents that workpiece from producing excessive erosion and hydrogen embrittlement, can suppress acid mist preferably.
In above-mentioned normal temperature metal cleaner preparation technology, the churning time among the described step C behind the adding surface conditioner is 5~10 minutes.
In above-mentioned normal temperature metal cleaner preparation technology, the time of leaving standstill among the described step C is 1.0~2.0 hours.
Compared with prior art, this normal temperature metal cleaner and preparation technology's thereof advantage is: 1, convenience: product is applicable to the cleaning of various metal products, and is easy and simple to handle.2, high efficiency: operating procedure is simple, and cleaning efficiency improves greatly.Improve the metal works surface property.Improve the workpiece surface situation, enhance productivity.3, economy:, can carry out effective clean to various metal works cosmetic issues.The consumption letter economizes, and accelerates user's production rate, the reduction of erection time, saves various expenses.4, the feature of environmental protection: can not produce acid mist, to human body safety, surfactant component biological degradability height is not inflammableness, explosion hazard article, free from extraneous odour; Do not contain the heavy metal composition, reduce environmental pollution.
Embodiment
Normal temperature metal cleaner comprises the component of following weight part: 7 parts of amphotericses; 0.3 part in potassium permanganate; 1.5 parts of emulsifying agents; 6 parts of oxalic acid; 15 parts of acid fog inhibitors; 6 parts of triethanolamine oleates; 3 parts of surface conditioners; 5 parts of restrainers; 80 parts of the hydrochloric acid of 34% concentration; 40 parts in water.
Wherein emulsifying agent is alkylphenol and ethylene oxide condensate, and promptly OP-10 emulsifying agent oxalic acid is industrial ethanedioic acid, and described water is deionized water.Acid fog inhibitor comprises 1,3-di-o-tolyl-thiourea 26%, starch 17%, salt 52%, peregal 0.5%; Perhaps described acid fog inhibitor comprises di-o-tolyl-thiourea 25%, salt 50%, dextrin 20%, spaonin powder 5%.
Above-mentioned normal temperature metal cleaner prepares by following manner: the preparation technology of normal temperature metal cleaner is characterized in that this preparation technology comprises following operation:
A: 7 parts of amphotericses, 20 parts deionized water are added first reactor stir and make it dissolving, continue to stir and add 1.5 parts of OP-10 emulsifying agents, 6 parts of industrial ethanedioic acids and 5 parts of acid fog inhibitors and makes it to dissolve once more;
B, 6 parts of triethanolamine oleates, 20 parts of deionized waters are added carry out stirring and dissolving in another reactor, continue to stir and add 5 portions of restrainers and carry out stirring and dissolving;
C, the material in the step B reactor joined in the steps A reactor continue in the dissolved material to stir, add the hydrochloric acid of 80 parts of 31-36% concentration, 0.3 part potassium permanganate and 3 parts surface conditioner more gradually, stir for some time, promptly make product after leaving standstill.
Wherein the churning time behind the adding surface conditioner is 8 minutes among the step C; The time of leaving standstill is 1.5 hours.
Certainly, each component among the present invention can be got its any one end value or intermediate value, is configured mutually then.
Specific embodiment described herein only is that the present invention's spirit is illustrated.The technician of the technical field of the invention can make various modifications or replenishes or adopt similar mode to substitute described specific embodiment, but can't depart from spirit of the present invention or surmount the defined scope of appended claims.
Although this paper has used term morely, do not get rid of the possibility of using other term.Using these terms only is in order to describe and explain essence of the present invention more easily; They are construed to any additional restriction all is contrary with spirit of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a normal temperature metal cleaner is characterized in that, this clean-out system comprises the component of following weight part: 6~8 parts of amphotericses; 0.2~0.4 part in potassium permanganate; 1~2 part of emulsifying agent; 4~8 parts of oxalic acid; 10~20 parts of acid fog inhibitors; 5~10 parts of triethanolamine oleates; 2~4 parts of surface conditioners; 3~6 parts of restrainers; 50~100 parts of the hydrochloric acid of 31~36% concentration; 20~40 parts in water; Described emulsifying agent is the OP-10 emulsifying agent.
2. normal temperature metal cleaner according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described oxalic acid is industrial ethanedioic acid, and described water is deionized water.
3. normal temperature metal cleaner according to claim 1 is characterized in that described acid fog inhibitor comprises 1,3-di-o-tolyl-thiourea 26%, starch 17%, salt 52%, peregal 0.5%; Perhaps described acid fog inhibitor comprises di-o-tolyl-thiourea 25%, salt 50%, dextrin 20%, spaonin powder 5%.
4. the preparation technology of a normal temperature metal cleaner is characterized in that, this preparation technology comprises following operation:
A: 6~8 parts of amphotericses, 10~20 parts deionized water are added first reactor stir and make it dissolving, continue to stir and add 1~2 part of OP-10 emulsifying agent, 4~8 parts of industrial ethanedioic acids and 10~20 parts of acid fog inhibitors and makes it to dissolve once more;
B, 5~10 parts of triethanolamine oleates, 10~20 parts of deionized waters are added carry out stirring and dissolving in another reactor, continue to stir and add 3~6 portions of restrainers and carry out stirring and dissolving;
C, the material in the step B reactor joined in the steps A reactor continue in the dissolved material to stir, add the hydrochloric acid of 50~100 parts of 31-36% concentration, 0.2~0.4 part potassium permanganate and 2~4 parts surface conditioner more gradually, stir for some time, promptly make product after leaving standstill.
5. the preparation technology of normal temperature metal cleaner according to claim 4 is characterized in that, the churning time among the described step C behind the adding surface conditioner is 5~10 minutes.
6. the preparation technology of normal temperature metal cleaner according to claim 4 is characterized in that, the time of leaving standstill among the described step C is 1.0~2.0 hours.
CN2008100212917A 2008-07-23 2008-07-23 Normal temperature metal cleaner and technique of preparing the same CN101333664B (en)

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Families Citing this family (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101818352B (en) * 2010-01-25 2011-08-24 夏光甫 Strong acid fog inhibitor and preparation method thereof
CN101838813B (en) * 2010-05-07 2011-11-09 天津惠邦同成科技发展有限公司 Pickling-rinsing additive and preparation method thereof
CN102181872B (en) * 2011-03-18 2012-10-31 玉溪玉杯金属制品有限公司 Ultrasonic washing liquid for galvanized steel wire and preparation method of ultrasonic washing liquid
CN104131304A (en) * 2014-08-25 2014-11-05 钱宏彬 High-efficiency multifunctional batch hot galvanizing acid wash additive and preparation method thereof
CN104789972A (en) * 2015-05-05 2015-07-22 刘瑞 Cleaning agent for surface of chemical equipment
CN104988523A (en) * 2015-06-08 2015-10-21 苏州东辰林达检测技术有限公司 Stainless steel antiscaling agent and preparation method thereof
CN105018947B (en) * 2015-07-20 2018-05-04 哈尔滨金士佳科技发展有限公司 Environmentally friendly rust-removing agent for iron and steel and preparation method thereof
CN106635449A (en) * 2016-09-20 2017-05-10 芜湖成德龙过滤设备有限公司 Acidic sleeve cleaning liquid composition and preparation method of acidic sleeve cleaning liquid
CN107267999B (en) * 2017-06-27 2019-09-20 浙江莱德桑机械有限公司 A kind of pickling solution and preparation method thereof for end socket surface cleaning
CN109136965A (en) * 2018-08-29 2019-01-04 衢州科创信息技术咨询有限公司 A kind of bearing oil-removing cleaning agent and preparation method

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