CN101263797B - Fresh water culturing farm tube valve ecological irrigating and discharging system - Google Patents

Fresh water culturing farm tube valve ecological irrigating and discharging system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101263797B
CN101263797B CN2008100849662A CN200810084966A CN101263797B CN 101263797 B CN101263797 B CN 101263797B CN 2008100849662 A CN2008100849662 A CN 2008100849662A CN 200810084966 A CN200810084966 A CN 200810084966A CN 101263797 B CN101263797 B CN 101263797B
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China
Prior art keywords
water
pump
pipe valve
valve
tube valve
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2008100849662A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101263797A (en
Inventor
奕永庆
沈岳明
张波
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奕永庆
沈岳明
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Priority to CN2008100849662A priority Critical patent/CN101263797B/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention relates to a fresh water fish farm tube valve ecological irrigation and drainage system, belonging to the field of fresh water culture. The main points of the technical proposal of the system are that, a simple tube valve is formed by a plurality of syphons with different diameters and corresponding straight pipes to replace the gate valve used in industry; the tube valve has respectively a main intake pipe, a water inlet tube valve and a water outlet tube valve; the tube valve is characterized in that, a syphon is buried at the bottom of a pool; both ends of the siphon are upward sockets; the lower end of the upward socket horizontally discharges water; when a straight pipe is vertically inserted on the upper end, the system is closed; when the straight pipe is removed, the system is open; the length of the straight pipe is longer than the high water level of the pool. The fresh water fish farm tube valve irrigation and drainage system has the advantages of saved investment and convenient operation; the invention is a new irrigation and drainage system in accordance with environmental requirements; underground pipelines are used to replace open channels and open trenches; farmland is saved; maintenance cost is reduced; construction investment is saved and operation is facilitated; internal circulating ecological river is used to replace external effluent discharge, so water source is saved, and pollution emission is reduced.

Description

Fresh water culturing farm tube valve ecological irrigating and discharging system
Technical field
The present invention relates to the freshwater aquiculture field, belong to freshwater aquiculture field (fish, shrimp, crab, the soft-shelled turtle pool) fresh water irrigation and drainage system with functions.
Technical background
Pour water and draining is the most basic facility in freshwater aquiculture field, along with the raising of cultivation density and " healthy aquaculture ", day by day outstanding of importance, the administrative staff of freshwater aquiculture field are extremely closed the effectively row of filling of fresh waterflood.Because economy and technical elements, existing plant mostly adopts water inlet of mud canal and mud ditch water discharge, exists like this to occupy cultivated land more and the higher two large problems of maintenance cost.
Each is cultured, and pour water in the pool and draining all needs " switch ", opens an openning when generally being " opening " at present on open channel, building clod on the openning when " pass ", has two problems in addition so again: the one, and each switch all needs digging, earth backing, and workload is big; The 2nd, " pass " water is not tight, and the water yield runs off, the waste precious water resource.If every place switch is all used the gate valve of supply and drain water system, exist investment bigger so again, and operation owes convenient, thereby be not subjected to raiser's welcome." healthy aquaculture " just needs the pond often to change water, and the existing water yield of discharging is clean 3~5 times of consuming, so fresh water production plant becomes one of the primary pollution source in river course at present, has influenced the water environment in rural area.
Summary of the invention
According to the requirement of sustainable development, build resource-conserving, environmentally friendly modern agriculture target, for overcoming above-mentioned deficiency, the present invention seeks to a kind of fresh water culturing farm tube valve ecological irrigating and discharging system that provides to this area.Make it can solve the pond and can often change water, the clean consumption of the water yield of discharge is less, and don't influences the water environment in rural area.The present invention seeks to realize by the following technical solutions.
A kind of fresh water culturing farm tube valve ecological irrigating and discharging system, the main points of this systems technology scheme are to be combined into pipe valve by the different bend pipe of diameter with corresponding straight tube, described pipe valve is respectively into water pipe valve, draining pipe valve, described pipe valve is to bury bend pipe underground in the bottom in pond, the bend pipe two ends all are bellmouth, the outside water delivery that is the level of state of bellmouth lower end; Straight tube is vertically plugged in the upper end, is "off" state; Extract straight tube and be "open" state, length of straight pipe is higher than the pond high water level.
The described pumping plant of pouring water is the primary-secondary type pumping plant, greatly female pump, little be sub-pump, big pump discharge is two to three times of little pump, opens three kinds of pumping plant flows of different water pumps one-tenth capable of being combined.Little pump is opened and is low discharge, and big pump is opened and is that middle flow, big or small pump are opened simultaneously and is big flow.
The present invention investment economizes, the novel irrigation and drainage system with functions of easy to operate and compliance with environmental protection requirements.Substitute open channel, open drain with underground pipeline, plough and the reduction maintenance cost to save.Replace industrial gate valve with U-PVC plastic pipe bend pipe and straight tube combination, save construction investment handled easily again.Ecological riverway with inner loop replaces waste water to efflux, and the conserve water resource also reduces disposal of pollutants.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a plane distribution schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a water pump water outlet pond schematic cross-section.
Fig. 3 is an arm water-distributing well schematic cross-section.
Fig. 4 is a water pipe valve connection diagram into, and the curved arrow among the figure can be pulled angle for the water inlet pipe valve.
Fig. 4-the 1st, the partial enlarged drawing of Fig. 4 is pulled into 90 ° of water pipe valves, and the water inlet pipe valve promptly is the level of state.
Fig. 5 is that the draining pipe valve is being cultured the pool partial schematic diagram.
The associated sequence numbers explanation:
1, inlet channel
2, pour water pumping plant 6, water inlet manifold are that each water inlet arm supplies water, and tubing adopts polyethylene (PE) plastics, flexible, and electric heat welding, it is convenient to connect, and seals water-tight.
3, automatic controller, 7, the arm water-distributing well, in a pipe valve is housed, water inlet manifold water dispensing water inlet arm, referring to Fig. 3.
4, level sensor.
5, water pump water outlet pond is accepted water pump and is come water, and the different pipe valve of diameter is housed in the pond.Be respectively house steward and arm and supply water,, see Fig. 2 for details so discharge bay is born the water-distributing well function again.Pipe valve is exactly to bury the U-PVC bend pipe underground in the bottom in pond, and the bend pipe two ends all are bellmouth, and the bellmouth lower end is the level of state, outwards water delivery, the upper end is vertical, plugs straight tube, be "off" state, extract straight tube and be "open" state, length of straight pipe need be higher than the pond high water level.This is to utilize ripe conduit fittings and the resilient connection between the straight tube (to utilize frictional force, extract easily or connect, water-tight, but under certain pressure, can not skid off), form a kind of good airproof performance, easy to operate, and the cost deficiency is called for short " pipe network " with " pipe switch " of bore gate valve 1/10th.
6, water inlet manifold, for each arm supplies water, tubing adopts polyethylene (PE) plastics, flexible, electric heat welding, it is convenient to connect, and seals water-tight.
7, arm water-distributing well, in 1 pipe valve is housed, house steward's water dispensing arm, referring to Fig. 3.
8, the water inlet arm adopts PE tubing.Be layed in operation roadside below ground, and not underground in the center, road, be beneficial to keep in repair in the future.
9, the water inlet pipe valve is fetched water the arm from water inlet, in two pipe valves are housed, about being respectively pour water in two ponds, referring to Fig. 4.
10, culture the pool, be furnished with aerator 14 in the pool.
11, draining pipe valve referring to Fig. 5, is adorned a plastic bend tube in pond bottom, and the horizontal ends of bend pipe is connected to drainpipe with straight tube.Bend pipe one end connects vertically upward with the bore straight tube, and length of tube is that last open height equates with pond control water level, and straight tube is set to the elbow interface, gets final product retaining, but straight tube is pulled out draining, and simple to operate, good airproof performance can also be controlled water level automatically.Straight tube need suitable for reading are set up defences and are escaped net, and fish escape from when preventing spilling water.
12, drainpipe compiles the waste water of discharging from each pond, enters the river course.
13, ecological riverway, water surface area are required to be more than 10% of pond water area sum.The water that comes out from drainpipe here purifies, and comprises mechanical enhancement, plant soil pick-up and self-purification.
14, aerator exposes pernicious gas in air, Xiang Shuizhong dissolves in oxygen.
15, Lutao in water surface planting weter hyacinth, India canna, water peanut etc. pasture and water, absorbs eutrophication materials such as nitrogen, phosphorus in the water, and the pasture and water area is about 1/3rd of the river course water surface area.
16, circulation ditch, the water after the purification is delivered to inlet channel.Like this from inlet channel → pumping plant → inlet channel → cultivating pool → drainage pipeline → ecological riverway → circulation ditch → form the water circulation system of a plant inside to inlet channel again, eliminated the sewage discharge of the network of waterways on every side.
The sequence number of Fig. 2, title and function declaration:
2.1, the pond wall
2.2,90 ° of bend pipes of U-PVC, two ends are bellmouth, horizontal termination house steward 6, vertical termination straight tube 2.3.
2.3, straight tube, for bore U-PVC material.
2.4, little water pump water outlet flap valve, flap valve is reverse valve, flows backwards to prevent water.
2.5,2.8 be respectively straight tube and bend pipe, form pipe valve, be that arm 2.9 supplies water.
2.6, big water pump water outlet flap valve.
2.7, level sensor, for the pumping plant automatic controller provides water level information.
The serial number name of Fig. 3 and function declaration:
3.1,3.2 be respectively bend pipe and straight tube, form arm water supply pipe valve.
3.3, the water-distributing well borehole wall.
3.4, house steward's threeway, from house steward, divide water.
The serial number name of Fig. 4 and function declaration:
4.1, the arm four-way.
4.2, the transition straight tube.
4.3,90 ° of bend pipes.
4.4, the switch straight tube.
Resilient connection between 90 ° of bend pipes and the switch straight tube belongs to rotatable but can not skid off, realize 90 ° of rotations of straight tube, water flows out during the straight tube level, be " standard-sized sheet " state, along with straight tube upwards rotates, flow is corresponding to be reduced, and is the low discharge state, when straight tube time cutout vertically upward, be " pass " state.
4.5, the pond wall, the cast-in-place concrete bank protection.
4.6, the operation road.
The serial number name of Fig. 5 and function declaration:
5.1 straight tube, 5.2 bend pipes, straight tube and bend pipe are combined into the draining pipe valve.The length of straight tube is for to flush with the pond high water level, but when water level is higher than the control water level automatic overflow.
5.3, the pond wall, the cast-in-place concrete bank protection.
5.4, the transition straight tube, connect pipe valve and drainpipe.
5.5, Y-junction of drainpipe.
5.6, the anti-net of escaping.
12, drainpipe.
Embodiment
Distribution inlet channel 1 in the waters district of freshwater aquiculture field, the pumping plant 2 of pouring water, water pump water outlet pond 5, the described pumping plant of pouring water is provided with automatic controller 3, described water pump water outlet pond 5 is provided with level sensor 4, water inlet manifold 6 also distributes in the district of waters, arm water-distributing well 7, water inlet arm 8, water inlet pipe valve 9, culture pool 10, draining pipe valve 11, drainpipe 12, circulation ditch 16, inlet channel 1 in the district of waters communicates with circulation ditch 16, described inlet channel and cycle water bank waters periphery are laid, water inlet manifold connects the water inlet arm, the water inlet pipe valve, the water inlet pipe valve connects cultures the pool, and the draining of culturing the pool setting is by the draining pipe valve that is connected, drainpipe enters ecological riverway 13.The lake grass that Lutao 15 water surface plantings in the district of waters purify water as weter hyacinth, India canna, water peanut pasture and water, absorbs eutrophication materials such as nitrogen, phosphorus in the water, and the pasture and water area accounts for 1/3rd of river course water surface area.
The pumping plant of pouring water is the primary-secondary type pumping plant, greatly female pump, little be sub-pump, big pump discharge is two to three times of little pump, opens three kinds of pumping plant flows of different water pumps one-tenth capable of being combined.Little pump is opened and is low discharge, and big pump is opened and is that middle flow, big or small pump are opened simultaneously and is big flow, satisfies the requirement of different water consumptions in the plant.
Automatic controller starts corresponding water pump according to plant's water requirement size (being the discharge bay middle water level), realizes the automatic control of pumping plant.
Pipe valve is to bury the U-PVC bend pipe underground in the bottom in pond, and the bend pipe two ends all are bellmouth, the outside water delivery that is the level of state of bellmouth lower end, and bellmouth is exactly an opening; Straight tube is vertically plugged in the upper end, is "off" state; Extract straight tube and be "open" state, length of straight pipe need be higher than the pond high water level.This is to utilize ripe conduit fittings and the resilient connection between the straight tube (to utilize frictional force, extract easily or connect, water-tight, under certain pressure, can not skid off), form a kind of good airproof performance, easy to operate, and the cost deficiency is called for short " pipe network " with " pipe switch " of bore gate valve 1/10th.
The pumping plant of pouring water is fetched water from inlet channel, by the water pump water outlet pond, comprise that the arm water-distributing well flows into water inlet manifold, enter into water arm by the arm water-distributing well, the water inlet arm adopts PE to mould pipe, or adopt cored slab for building to replace (plate face do operation road, flowing water in the plate interstitial hole), inject the breed pool through the water inlet pipe valve, the switch and the water yield of water inlet pipe valve are realized by the Discharging bent-tube half-twist.When draining is wanted in the pond, the straight tube of draining pipe valve pulled out get final product, waste water is by entering ecological riverway through water pipe, dress aerator 14 in ecological riverway and the breed pool, with the mechanism aeration, be the water body oxygenation, Lutao 15 is set simultaneously, the plantation pasture and water, purify water with Ecology Action, send into inlet channel through the circulation ditch again, finish the water body cyclic process of a no gate valve control, reach joint money, the purpose of reduction of discharging.

Claims (2)

1. fresh water culturing farm tube valve ecological irrigating and discharging system, this system is the inlet channel (1) that distributes in the waters district of freshwater aquiculture field, the pumping plant (2) of pouring water, water pump water outlet pond (5), the described pumping plant of pouring water is provided with automatic controller (3), described water pump water outlet pond is provided with level sensor (4), water inlet manifold (6) also distributes in the district of waters, arm water-distributing well (7), water inlet arm (8), water inlet pipe valve (9), culture pool (10), draining pipe valve (11), drainpipe (12), circulation ditch (16), inlet channel in the district of waters communicates with the circulation ditch, described inlet channel and cycle water ditch are laid along the waters periphery, water inlet manifold connects the water inlet arm, the water inlet pipe valve, the water inlet pipe valve connects cultures the pool, the draining of culturing the pool setting is by the draining pipe valve that is connected, drainpipe enters ecological riverway (13), it is characterized in that:
The bend pipes different by diameter are combined into pipe valve with corresponding straight tube, and described pipe valve is respectively into water pipe valve, draining pipe valve; Described pipe valve is to bury bend pipe underground in the bottom in pond, and the bend pipe two ends all are bellmouth, the outside water delivery that is the level of state of bellmouth lower end; Straight tube is vertically plugged in the upper end, is "off" state; Extract straight tube and be "open" state, length of straight pipe is higher than the pond high water level.
2. fresh water culturing farm tube valve ecological irrigating and discharging system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that the described pumping plant of pouring water (2) is the primary-secondary type pumping plant, greatly female pump, little be sub-pump, big pump discharge is two to three times of little pump, open three kinds of pumping plant flows of different water pumps one-tenth capable of being combined; little pump is opened and is low discharge, big pump is opened and is that middle flow, big or small pump are opened simultaneously and is big flow.
CN2008100849662A 2008-03-11 2008-03-11 Fresh water culturing farm tube valve ecological irrigating and discharging system Expired - Fee Related CN101263797B (en)

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CN2008100849662A CN101263797B (en) 2008-03-11 2008-03-11 Fresh water culturing farm tube valve ecological irrigating and discharging system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN101263797B true CN101263797B (en) 2011-08-31

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Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102106302B (en) * 2010-12-27 2012-10-03 广西红树林研究中心 Embedded fish ecological cultivating system of water body self-updated mud flat pipe
CN102499154B (en) * 2011-11-08 2013-12-11 中国水产科学研究院长江水产研究所 Ecological circulating water cultivation method for improving quality of fish
CN104365514B (en) * 2014-10-30 2017-06-13 陈宏� A kind of eel industrial aquaculture system
CN105875473B (en) * 2016-04-07 2018-06-22 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 A kind of breeding water body and the independent loops water cultivating system of solid waste separation
CN109607799A (en) * 2018-12-20 2019-04-12 河海大学 A kind of irrigation canals and ditches pool ecological purification system of aquaculture tail water
CN111657221A (en) * 2020-06-29 2020-09-15 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 Structure of duplex aquaculture pond inlet gate

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101011017A (en) * 2007-02-03 2007-08-08 奕永庆 Farmland discharging-irrigating series facilities

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101011017A (en) * 2007-02-03 2007-08-08 奕永庆 Farmland discharging-irrigating series facilities

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