CN101261626B - Public transport tool operation information remote enquiry system and server and method thereof - Google Patents

Public transport tool operation information remote enquiry system and server and method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101261626B
CN101261626B CN 200710037936 CN200710037936A CN101261626B CN 101261626 B CN101261626 B CN 101261626B CN 200710037936 CN200710037936 CN 200710037936 CN 200710037936 A CN200710037936 A CN 200710037936A CN 101261626 B CN101261626 B CN 101261626B
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information
number
vehicle
site
query
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CN 200710037936
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CN101261626A (en
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蔡世光
郑勇平
麦华锋
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英华达(上海)电子有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a public vehicle operation information remote inquiry system, comprising an operation information providing unit; an operation information receiving unit; an operation information databank which also stores various information relevant to the public vehicle operation; an inquiry information sending unit used for remotely sending out public vehicle operation state inquiry information at client terminals; an inquiry information receiving unit used for receiving the public vehicle operation state inquiry information; an inquiry processing unit used for applying for searching requirement to the operation information databank according to the operation state inquiry information; an inquiry result sending unit used for coding and sending out reply information edited by the inquiry processing unit; an inquiry result receiving unit used for receiving the reply information at the client terminal; an inquiry result displaying unit use for displaying the reply informationat the client terminal. The invention simultaneously discloses a server used for the inquiry system and methods relevant to the information inquiry.

Description

公共交通工具运行信息的远程查询系统及其服务器和方法 Remote server and query system and method of operation of public transportation information

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种信息查询系统,具体地说,涉及一种公共交通工具运行信息的远程查询系统。 [0001] The present invention relates to an information system, and more particularly, to a public transportation system running remote query information. 本发明同时提供一种应用于该系统的服务器以及实现信息查询的相关方法。 The present invention also provides a server system and a related method is applied to information query implementation.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 公共交通是城市中日常出行的主要方式。 [0002] is the main form of public transport in the city daily travel. 目前,公共交通工具存在的主要问题是难以准时获得其运行信息,乘客常常需要在站点等待较长时间。 At present, the main problems of public transport is a difficult time to get it running information, passengers often need to wait a long time at the site. 尤其是相邻班次间隔时间较长的公交线路上,乘客由于不知道下一班的到达时间,不得不被动等待,造成时间浪费。 Especially on the adjacent frequency interval longer time bus routes, passengers because they do not know the arrival time of the next one, and had to wait passively, resulting in wasted time. 尤其是目前各个大城市的公路交通都不畅通,公交系统预先制定的时间计划往往不能有效执行,加重了出行的不可预测性。 Especially in the current road traffic is not smooth all major cities, public transportation systems pre-established time schedule often can not be effectively implemented, increased the unpredictability of travel.

[0003] 如果乘客能够及时获得公共交通工具的当前运行状态的信息,就可以更有效的安排自己的出行,减少时间浪费。 [0003] If the passenger can receive timely information on the current operating status of public transport, you can more effectively organize their travel and reduce wasted time. 为此,现有技术已经出现了一些相关的技术方案。 To this end, the prior art there have been a number of related technical solutions.

[0004] 公开号为CN1431522A (公开日为2003年7月23日)的中国专利文件公开一种交通工具位置显示系统,这种系统的特点是,利用短信将交通工具的位置信息发送到短信收发中心,然后再将该信息通过无线方式发送到显示单元进行显示。 [0004] Publication No. CN1431522A (publication date July 23, 2003) Chinese patent document discloses a vehicle location display system feature of such systems is to use SMS to send location information to the vehicle messaging Center, then the information is transmitted by radio to the display unit for display.

[0005] 上述技术方案能够将交通工具的运行信息及时传送并显示给乘客,便于乘客获知交通工具的当前位置,但是,上述技术方案也存在明显的技术缺陷,主要的问题在于,该方案虽然能够提供交通工具位置信息的实时显示,但显示内容没有针对性,并且不能使乘客随时随地获取所需的交通工具位置信息。 [0005] The technical solution can be the vehicle running information timely delivery and display to the passengers, to facilitate passengers to know the current position of the vehicle, however, the above-described technical solutions obvious technical drawbacks, the main problem is that this solution, although capable of provide real-time vehicle location information display, but the display content is not targeted, and can not get the passenger vehicle location information whenever and wherever needed.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0006] 针对上述缺陷,本发明解决的技术问题在于,提供一种公共交通工具运行信息的远程查询系统,该系统能够使乘客随时随地查询其所关心交通工具的运行状况,从而方便其时间安排。 [0006] In response to these shortcomings, the present invention is to solve the technical problem is to provide a public vehicle operating information of the remote query system that allows passengers query their concerns vehicle operating conditions at any time, thus facilitating its schedule . 本发明同时提供用于该系统的服务器,以及实现上述信息查询的相关方法。 The present invention also provides a server for the system, and related methods to achieve the above-described information query.

[0007] 本发明提供的公共交通工具运行信息远程查询系统,包括: [0007] The remote operation information public transportation system of the present invention provides a query, comprising:

[0008] 运行信息提供单元,用于实时获得每个公共交通工具的位置状态,并将对应于每个具体的公共交通工具的位置状态转化为运行位置信息,并编码发送; [0008] The operation of the information providing unit in real time for each of the common position of the vehicle state and a position corresponding to each particular state of public transport into the operating position information, and encoded transmission;

[0009] 运行信息接收单元,用于接收所述经过编码发送的运行位置信息,并将其解码; [0009] The operation information receiving unit for receiving the encoded information transmitted via the operating position, and decoding;

[0010] 运行信息数据库,用于接收所述经过解码的各个公共交通工具的运行位置信息,并对应各个公共交通工具存储相应的运行位置信息;该数据库还存有与公共交通工具运行相关的各类信息; [0010] The operation information database, for operating said position information received through the respective public transport decoded, and the corresponding operating position corresponding to the information stored in the respective public transport; there is also the database associated with the respective public transport run class information;

[0011] 还包括: [0011] further comprises:

[0012] 查询信息发送单元,所述查询信息发送单元为短消息发送单元,用于在客户端接收用户查询操作,并据此远程发送公共交通工具运行状况查询信息,所述公共交通工具运行状况查询信息采用规定格式的短消息,该短消息至少包含所要查询的运行线路编号、起始站点名称或编号、以及目的站点名称或编号;[0013] 查询信息接收单元,所述查询信息接收单元为短消息接收单元,用于接收所述公共交通工具运行状况查询信息; [0012] inquiry information sending unit, the inquiry information sending unit is a short message sending unit, configured to receive a user query at a client, and accordingly send a query remote vehicle operating information of public health, the health of the public transportation query information using a predetermined format of short message, the short message comprises at least a work line number to be queried, the starting station name or number and the destination station name or number; [0013] query information receiving unit, the query information receiving unit the short message receiving unit for receiving the vehicle operating conditions common query information;

[0014] 查询处理单元,用于分析所述公共交通工具运行状况查询信息,提取该短消息中包含的运行线路编号、起始站点名称或编号、以及目的站点名称或编号,将上述信息作为检索条件,向所述运行信息数据库发出检索请求,并将所述运行信息数据库返回的检索结果编辑成预定格式的答复信息; [0014] The query processing unit, for analyzing the operating conditions common transport query information, extracting operation of the line number of the short message contained in the starting station name or number and the destination station name or number, as the above-described information retrieval conditions, issue a search request to the operation information database, the operation information database and returns the search result to edit reply messages in a predetermined format;

[0015] 所述运行信息数据库存储有与每台公共交通工具对应的用户识别卡号、运行线路编号和车辆编号,每个线路上所有站点编号和站点名称,与各个站点对应的到站时间和到站车辆编号,所述运行信息数据库根据所述公共交通工具运行状况查询信息中的运行线路编号,依次查找在该线路上所述起始站点之前的站点的到站时间,当查找到的到站时间晚于所述起始站点的到站时间时,确定到达该站点的车辆为距离起始站点最近的车辆,获取相应的车辆编号和到站时间并作为检索结果返回; [0015] The operation information database is stored with each public transportation card corresponding to the user identification, to run the vehicle number and line number, site number, and all the domain name on each line, and the arrival time of each station corresponding to vehicle station ID, the operation information database query running line number information in accordance with the common operating conditions of transport, successively find the arrival time at the site prior to the initiation site on the line, when the searched station when the time is later than the arrival time of the start site, determines that the vehicle reaches the start site from the site of the nearest vehicle, obtain the appropriate number and arrival time of the vehicle and returned as a search result;

[0016] 查询结果发送单元,用于编码发送所述查询处理单元编辑的答复信息; [0016] The query result transmission means for transmitting the encoded reply information editing query processing unit;

[0017] 查询结果接收单元,用于在客户端接收所述查询结果发送单元发送的答复信息; [0017] The query result receiving means for receiving a client sending the query result reply unit transmits the information;

[0018] 查询结果显示单元,用于在客户端显示所述接收单元接收的答复信息; [0018] The search-result display means for displaying the client information receiving unit receiving the reply;

[0019] 所述运行信息提供单元为与公共交通工具上语音报站装置相连接的具有用户识别卡号的短消息发送装置; [0019] The operation of apparatus information providing unit transmitting a short message having a user identification card number and voice packets on public transport station apparatus connected;

[0020] 所述运行信息接收单元为短消息接收装置。 [0020] The operation information receiving unit to the short message receiving means.

[0021] 优选地,所述运行信息数据库中包括: [0021] Preferably, the operation information database comprises:

[0022] 公共交通工具本身特性表,该表存储与每台公共交通工具对应的用户识别卡号、运行线路编号、车辆编号、车辆类型编号; [0022] Public transport itself characteristic table that stores each public transportation card corresponding to the user identification, operation of the line number, the vehicle number, vehicle type ID;

[0023] 线路站点表,用于对应每个线路存储该线路上所有站点编号、站点名称; [0023] Sites table lines, each line memory for the corresponding number on the line all sites, site name;

[0024] 运行位置信息表,按照线路编号分别设置,用于对应存储站点编号,以及对应该站点的到站时间、到站车辆编号。 [0024] Run position information table, in accordance with the line number are provided for storing a corresponding station number, and the arrival time of the site should be, the station number of the vehicle.

[0025] 优选地,当公共交通工具达到某一站点进行报站操作时,同时根据该站点编号生成短消息形式的运行位置信息并发送;所述运行信息数据库接收到该运行位置信息后,根据发送该短消息的用户识别卡号,在公共交通工具本身特性表中查询对应的车辆编号,并据此确定该车辆的运行线路;以所确定的运行线路为依据,在对应该运行线路的所述运行位置信息表中,对应所述运行位置信息中的站点编号,更新到站时间和车辆编号。 [0025] Preferably, when a public transport station to perform message reaches a station operation, while the number generation operation of the location information based on the short message and transmitting station; after the receipt of the operation information database running position information, in accordance with transmitting the short message the user identification card number, the query itself in the public transport vehicle characteristic table corresponding to the numbers, and accordingly the vehicle operation of the line is determined; at the determined work line basis, the line should be run on at run position information table, the station number corresponding to the operating position information, updating the arrival time and the vehicle number.

[0026] 优选地,所述运行信息数据库根据所述运行线路编号,依次查找在该线路上所述起始站点之前的站点的到站时间,当查找到的到站时间晚于所述起始站点的到站时间时,确定到达该站点的车辆为距离起始站点最近的车辆,获取相应的车辆编号和到站时间,以及根据车辆编号获得该车辆的类型信息;将上述信息作为检索结果返回。 [0026] Preferably, the operation information database according to the operating line number on the line in order to find the arrival time of the site before the start site, when the searched arrival time is later than the starting when the arrival time of the station, the station determines the vehicle reaches the nearest distance from the vehicle start site for the corresponding vehicle number and time of arrival, number and type of information to obtain a vehicle according to the vehicle; the above-described information is returned as a search result .

[0027] 优选地,所述检索结果中还包括最近的公共交通工具预计到达起始站点的时间,该时间根据现有的相关记录计算获得。 [0027] Preferably, the search result further comprises latest public transport expected arrival time of the start site, the time obtained by calculation according to the prior related records.

[0028] 优选地,所述运行状况查询信息短消息的预定格式是“运行线路编号+分割符+起始站点名称或编号+分割符+目的站点名称或者编号”。 Predetermined format [0028] Preferably, the operating status information of the short message inquiry is "work line delimiter number + + + start site name or number of delimiters and destination station name or number."

[0029] 优选地,所述查询结果发送单元,具体是短消息发送单元;所述查询结果接收单元是手机的短消息接收单元;所述查询结果显示单元为该手机的显示单元。 [0029] Preferably, the query result transmitting unit, in particular a short message transmitting unit; the query result receiving unit is a mobile phone short message receiving unit; the query results for display unit of the mobile phone unit. [0030] 本发明同时提供一种公共交通工具运行信息的更新方法,该更新方法用于上述公共交通工具运行信息远程查询系统,包括: [0030] The present invention also provides a method for updating the public vehicle operating information, the method for updating the common information remote query vehicle operating system comprising:

[0031] 131)接收公共交通工具发送的反映其运行信息的短消息; [0031] 131) which reflects the short message receiving operation information sent by public transportation;

[0032] 132)从该短消息中提取发送该短消息的用户识别卡号; [0032] 132) extracted from the short message in the short message sent user identification card;

[0033] 133)根据该卡号,从车辆本身特性表中查找具有该卡号的车辆编号; [0033] 133) based on the card, with the card ID to find the vehicle from the vehicle itself characteristic table;

[0034] 134)根据该车辆编号确定该车辆的运行线路编号、车辆类型信息; [0034] 134) determines that the vehicle operation of the line ID number of the vehicle according to the vehicle type information;

[0035] 135)根据该短消息中包含的发送时间和站点编号,更新运行位置信息表中的相应运行线路的相应站点的到达时间,以及相应的车辆编号。 [0035] 135) based on the transmission time included in the short message and the station number, updating the arrival time of the respective operating site corresponding line in the operating position information table, and the corresponding vehicle ID.

[0036] 本发明同时提供一种公共交通工具运行信息的查询方法,该查询方法用于上述公·共交通工具运行信息远程查询系统,包括: [0036] The present invention also provides a method of public transport information to run a query, the query process for the male co-operation of the vehicle remote query information system, comprising:

[0037] 141)接收检索请求,该检索请求中包括需要检索的运行线路编号、起始站点名称或编号以及目的站点名称或编号; [0037] 141) receiving a search request, the search request includes a line number to be retrieved to run, the name or number and the starting station the destination station name or number;

[0038] 142)根据运行线路编号、起始站点名称或编号以及目的站点名称或编号,确定所要查询的运行方向; [0038] 142) according to the operating line number, name, or start site number and the destination station name or number, to determine the direction to be queried;

[0039] 143)根据所述运行方向,在相应的运行线路的运行位置信息表中,从起始站点开始,以相反运行方向的前一个站点为待检索站点,查找该站点编号记录的车辆到达时间; Vehicle [0039] 143) based on the running direction, in the operating position corresponding to the line information table in the operation, starting from the start site, a site in front of running direction opposite to the site to be searched, to find the record reaches the station number time;

[0040] 144)判断该待检索站点的到达时间是否晚于所述起始站点记录的车辆到达时间;若是,则进入步骤146);若否,则进入步骤145); [0040] 144) determines whether the arrival time of a search site to be later than the start site record vehicle arrival time; if yes, step 146); if not, the process proceeds to step 145);

[0041] 145)将待检索站点向前推进一个站点;返回步骤144); [0041] 145) to be a site forward advancing search site; returns to step 144);

[0042] 146)读取所述运行位置信息表中的记录,读取到达该站点的车辆编号,以及到达时间; [0042] 146) reading the position information recorded operating table, reading the vehicle number reaches the site and time of arrival;

[0043] 147)根据所述车辆编号,在车辆本身特性表中,查出该车辆的类型编号,获得该车辆的类型信息; [0043] 147) based on the vehicle number, the vehicle characteristics table itself, the number of the detected vehicle type, vehicle type information is obtained;

[0044] 148)根据线路站点表查出最接近起始站点车辆的已到达站点名称; [0044] 148) closest to the start site isolated according to the line of the vehicle has reached the site domain name table;

[0045] 149)根据相关历史记录,估算该最接近车辆到达起始站点的时间。 [0045] 149) in accordance with the relevant history of the vehicle closest to the estimated arrival time of the start site.

[0046] 与现有技术相比,本发明提供的公共交通工具运行信息的远程查询系统,能够根据用户在客户端发送的查询信息,实现对公共交通工具运行状况的查询以及获得相应的查询结果。 [0046] Compared with the prior art, the remote operation information inquiry system of public transport provided by the present invention, according to the query information can be sent by the user at the client, the query implemented in public health and the vehicle to obtain the corresponding query result . 尤其是本发明的优选实施例中,采用手机短消息的形式实现公交运行信息的查询,乘客可以使用手机方便的获得公交车的运行信息,方便的进行日程安排。 Particularly preferred embodiment of the present invention, in the form of short message system bus operational information to achieve a query, the passenger can easily get phone operating information bus, convenient for schedule.

[0047] 与现有技术相比,由于本发明提供的系统能够实现客户端的直接查询,可以更加有针对性的满足客户的需求。 [0047] Compared with the prior art, since the system of the present invention can provide a direct query of the client can be more targeted to meet customer demand. 由于查询结果直接发送到发出查询信息的客户端,因此不需要设置专门的显示单元。 The query result is sent directly to the client issuing the query information, and therefore no need to provide a dedicated display unit. 由于可以与手机等普遍使用的远程通讯方式相结合,其系统构建简单,成本低廉。 Since mobile phones can be combined with widespread use of remote communication, the system builds simple, low cost.

[0048] 与现有技术的相关专利相比,本发明还提供了实现上述查询系统的服务器以及实现上述信息查询的具体方法,技术方案更加完备。 [0048] Compared with the prior art patents, the present invention also provides a server and a query system to achieve the above specific methods to achieve the above-described information inquiry, the technical solution is more complete.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0049] 图I是本发明第一实施例的组成单元框图; [0049] Figure I is a block diagram of a first embodiment of the constituent unit of the present invention;

[0050] 图2是本发明第二实施例的组成单元框图;[0051] 图3是一种通用的公交语音报站装置的操作界面; [0050] FIG. 2 is a block diagram of a second embodiment of the constituent unit of the present invention; [0051] FIG. 3 is a general purpose interface bus Voice announcement means;

[0052] 图4是本发明第二实施例中运行信息数据库利用运行位置短消息更新数据库的流程图; [0052] FIG 4 is a second embodiment of the present invention, the short message flowchart of an operation for updating a database operation using location information database;

[0053] 图5是本发明第二实施例中数据库接收到检索请求后,根据该检索请求进行检索的流程图; [0053] FIG. 5 is a flowchart of a second embodiment of the present invention, the database receives the search request based on the retrieval of the retrieval request;

[0054] 图6是本发明第二实施例中手机获得查询结果的实例; [0054] FIG. 6 is an example of the second query result obtained in Example embodiments of the present invention, the mobile phone;

[0055] 图7是本发明第三实施例的公共交通工具运行信息远程查询服务器组成单元框图。 [0055] FIG. 7 is a public transport a third embodiment of the present invention queries the remote operation information server unit composed of a block diagram.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0056] 本发明提供的公共交通工具运行信息的远程查询系统可以用于各种公共交通工具的运行信息查询,其最典型的应用是公共汽车运行信息的远程查询。 [0056] The remote operation information search system of the present invention to provide a public transportation can be used to access a variety of operating information of public transport, which is the most typical application is remote query bus operational information. 该查询系统同样可以用于地铁、轮船的定期航班等交通工具的运行信息查询。 The system can also be used to run the query information query subway, ships and other vehicles scheduled flights.

[0057] 请参看图1,该图示出本发明第一实施例的组成单元框图。 [0057] Referring to Figure 1, there is shown a block diagram of a first embodiment of the constituent unit of the present invention.

[0058] 如图所示,该实施例提供的公共交通工具运行信息的远程查询系统包括运行信息提供单元101、运行信息接收单元102、运行信息数据库103、查询信息发送单元104、查询信息接收单元105、查询处理单元106、查询结果发送单元107、查询结果接收单元108、查询结果显示单元109。 Remote query information on system operation public transport [0058] As shown, this embodiment includes providing operating information providing unit 101, the operation information receiving unit 102, operation information database 103, a query message transmitting unit 104, receiving unit information inquiry 105, query processing unit 106, the query result transmitting unit 107, a query result receiving unit 108, the display unit 109 the query result.

[0059] 所述运行信息提供单元101,用于实时获得每个公共交通工具的位置状态,并将对应于每个具体的公共交通工具的位置状态转化为运行位置信息,并编码发送。 [0059] The operation of the information providing unit 101, real-time access for each of the common position of the vehicle state and the position corresponding to each particular state of public transport into the operating position information, and encoded transmission.

[0060] 该运行信息提供单元101的作用在于通过远程通讯系统提供公共交通工具的位置状态。 Effect [0060] The operating information providing unit 101 to provide position status of public transport through the telecommunication system. 所述位置状态不一定需要具体到该公共交通工具当前运行到某个具体的位置,但是,要满足乘客掌握公共交通运行状况的要求。 The position of the state need not necessarily specific to the currently running public transport to a specific location, however, to meet the grasp of public transport passengers health requirements. 例如,获得各个公共汽车当前所处的站点区间,某个公共汽车已经达到或者离开某个站点,正在向下一个站点行驶等。 For example, access to the site each bus is currently in range, or leave a bus had reached a site, a site being down travel and so on. 该单元一般安装在每个公共交通工具上,各个交通工具在其达到某一站点时,发送相关的信息,以便其运行站点区间可以通过该查询系统被乘客及时获得。 The unit is generally mounted on each public transport, each vehicle when it reaches a site, transmits information related to its operation site occupant may range in time is obtained by the query system. 发送相关信息的方法可以采用预定格式的短消息。 Method of transmitting information related to the predetermined short message format may be employed. 短消息是由移动通讯系统提供的一种信息传送方式,用于传送文本信息。 The short message is an information transmission scheme provided by a mobile communication system for transmitting text messages. 其特点灵活便捷,费用低廉。 It features flexible and convenient, low-cost. 只要将公共交通工具的到达或者离开的站点信息采用预定格式的短消息编辑,然后编码发送,就可以方便的将公共交通工具的当前的站点区间信息远程无线传送。 As long as the public transport information to or from the site using a predetermined format of the short message editing and sending encoding, it can easily be the current site remote radio transmitting section information of public transport.

[0061] 除了以上短消息方式外,也可以采用GPS定位系统,以便跟踪交通工具运行位置。 [0061] In addition to the above short message, GPS positioning system may be used to track the vehicle running position.

[0062] 所述运行信息接收单元102,用于接收所述经过编码发送的运行位置信息,并将其解码。 [0062] The operation information receiving unit 102 for receiving the encoded information through the operating position of the transmission, and decoding.

[0063] 该单元是一个远程通讯系统的接收单元,其作用是将通过远程通讯系统传送的运行位置信息,解码转化为本地的电信号。 [0063] The receiving unit is a unit of the remote communication system, the role of which is to run the location information transmitted by the telecommunication system, the local decoded into an electric signal. 该单元的具体形式根据所述运行信息提供单元101传送运行位置信息的通讯方式的不同而不同,当所述运行信息提供单元101通过短消息发送运行位置信息时,该单元为短消息接收装置。 The specific form of operating unit providing unit 101 transmits the position information based on the operation information communication varies, when the operation information providing unit 101 through a short message sending operation position information, the unit is a short message receiving means.

[0064] 运行信息数据库103,用于接收经过解码的各个公共交通工具的运行位置信息,并对应各个公共交通工具存储相应的运行位置信息;该数据库还存有与公共交通工具运行相关的各类信息。 [0064] The operation information database 103, for each receiving operation through the position information of public transport decoded, and the corresponding operating position corresponding to the information stored in the respective public transport; there is also a database associated with the vehicle operating various types of public information.

[0065] 运行信息数据库103是整个系统的核心単元,该单元存储有关公共交通工具的实时位置信息,这部分信息根据所述运行位置信息不断实时更新。 [0065] The operation information database 103 radiolabeling is the core element of the system, the unit stores information about the real-time position of public transport, which is part of the information continuously updated in real time according to the operating position information. 同吋,该数据库还存储与查询相关的其他信息。 With inches, the database also stores other information related to the query. 例如,有关的车辆编号信息、线路信息。 For example, information about the vehicle number, route information.

[0066] 所述查询信息发送单元104,用于在客户端接收用户查询操作,并据此远程发送公共交通工具运行状况查询信息。 [0066] The inquiry information sending unit 104, configured to receive a user query at a client, and accordingly transmits a common remote vehicle operating conditions query information.

[0067] 该查询信息发送单元104是在乘客所在的客户端,实现查询信息的远程传送。 [0067] The query message transmitting unit 104 is located in the passenger client, remote transmission of query information. 所述查询信息具体可以采用各种形式的远程通讯方式发送。 DETAILED the query information may take various forms of remote communication transmission. 本实施例中,优选地采用短消息形式发送所述运行状况查询信息,该单元为客户端的短消息发送装置,例如手机的短消息发送装置。 In this embodiment, preferably employed in the form of a short message sending query information on the operating conditions, means for transmitting the message to the client unit, for example, mobile phone short message sending means. 当然,该查询信息也可以通过其他远程通讯方式发送,例如,通过因特网、通过语音电话网络等远程通讯方式。 Of course, this inquiry can also be sent by other remote means of communication, for example, through the Internet, through the Internet and other remote telephone voice communication.

[0068] 当采用短消息发送装置实现该查询信息发送单元104时,所述查询信息需要采用预定的编辑形式。 [0068] When the short message transmitting means to achieve the inquiry information sending unit 104, the query information need predetermined editing format. 例如采用如下形式编辑“运行线路编号+分割符+起始站点名称或编号+分割符+目的站点名称或者编号”的短消息形式。 For example, take the form Edit "work line delimiter number + + + start site name or number of delimiters and destination station name or number" short message form. 这种固定的格式使该查询信息所包含的查询内容可以方便地确定。 This fixed format enables the query contains query information can be easily determined.

[0069] 所述查询信息接收单元105,用于接收所述运行状况查询信息。 [0069] The inquiry information receiving unit 105, configured to receive query information on the operating conditions.

[0070] 该查询信息接收单元105与所述运行信息数据库103位于同一服务器,其功能在于接收通过远程通讯方式发送的查询信息,将其转化为本地信息。 [0070] The query message receiving unit 105 and the operation information database 103 on the same server, the function of which receives the inquiry information transmitted by remote communication, which is converted to local information. 例如,当所述查询信息为短消息的形式时,该单元为短消息接收装置,并具有其身份识别号,可以接收通过无线通讯网络传送的指定该装置接收的短消息,并将其解码为本地信息。 For example, when the query information in the form of short message, the short message receiving unit is the means, and having its identification number, may be specified by the receiving wireless communication network device transmitting the received short message, and it is decoded local information.

[0071] 所述查询处理单元106,用于根据所述运行状况查询信息向所述运行信息数据库103提出检索请求,检索获得相关的交通工具运行位置信息,并编辑为预定格式的答复信 The [0071] query processing unit 106, configured to query, according to the operating condition information search request made to the operation information database 103, retrieval operation to obtain the relevant vehicle position information, and the reply letter to the editor in the predetermined format

O O

[0072] 该查询处理单元106接收所述查询信息接收单元105传送的查询信息后,根据约定的格式,将其翻译为检索条件,根据该检索条件,向所述运行信息数据库103提出检索请求。 [0072] After the query processing unit 106 receives the inquiry information transmitted inquiry information receiving unit 105, according to the agreed format, translates it into a search condition, based on the search condition, a search request made to the operation information database 103. 根据该检索请求,可以从运行信息数据库103获得有关的检索結果,即相关的交通工具运行位置信息。 According to the search request, the search result obtained from the operation information related to the database 103, i.e., the vehicle operation related location information. 该信息需要根据所采用的远程通讯方式,形成预定格式的答复信息,以便发送和解读。 According to the information needs of remote communication employed, forming a predetermined format reply messages for transmission and interpretation. 例如,采用短消息进行远程通讯时,可以采用预定的文本信息形式,将所获得的检索结果嵌入预定的文本中,形成答复信息,以便使用者阅读。 For example, when using a short message for remote communication, it may be employed in the form of the predetermined text information, the search result obtained is embedded in a predetermined text form reply messages for users to read.

[0073] 所述查询结果发送単元107,用于编码发送所述查询处理单元106编辑的答复信 [0073] The query result radiolabeling transmission unit 107, a reply letter code editor 106 transmits the query processing unit

O O

[0074] 该单元的作用是实现检索结果的远程发送。 [0074] The effect of the remote unit transmits the retrieval result to achieve. 当采用短消息作为远程信息传送方式时,该查询结果发送单元107为短消息发送装置。 When the short message as telematics embodiment, the query result transmitting unit 107 transmits a short message apparatus. 该装置能够将所述查询处理单元106输出的预定格式形式的短消息文本向外发送。 Short message text which is capable of processing the query in the form of a predetermined format of the output unit 106 is sent out.

[0075] 该单元同样可以采用其他形式的远程通讯方式实现对所述交通工具位置信息的远程传送。 [0075] The remote units may also be transmitted to the vehicle position information using other forms of remote communication. 例如,采用因特网、语音电话、无线电话等远程通讯方式。 For example, the use of Internet, voice, wireless phones and other remote communication.

[0076] 所述查询结果接收单元108,用于在客户端接收所述查询结果发送単元107发送的答复信息。 [0076] The query result receiving unit 108 for receiving a client sending the query result reply unit 107 transmits the information radiolabeling.

[0077] 该查询结果接收单元108的作用是接收所述查询结果发送単元107通过远程通讯方式发送的交通工具运行位置信息,并将该信息解码为本地信息。 [0077] The query result receiving unit 108 is the role of receiving the query result transmitting location information of the vehicle operating unit 107 is transmitted via the remote communication radiolabeling, and the decoded information is local information. 当采用短消息方式吋,该查询结果接收単元108为手机的短消息接收装置。 When using a short message inch embodiment, the query result receiving element radiolabeling short message receiving means 108 of the mobile phone. 当采用因特网、语音电话、无线电话等远程通讯方式吋,则该单元为相应的信息接收装置。 When using the Internet, voice, wireless phones and other remote communication inch, the corresponding cell information receiving apparatus.

[0078] 所述查询结果显示単元109,用于在客户端显示所述查询结果接收单元108接收的答复信息。 [0078] The radiolabeling query result display unit 109 for displaying the client query reply information receiving unit 108 receives the result.

[0079] 该查询结果显示単元109具体可以是手机显示屏等。 [0079] The search-result display unit 109 may be specifically radiolabeling phone displays. 所谓显示,是将所述查询结果接收単元108接收到的信息提供给信息查询者,使其获知。 The so-called display, the result is the query information 108 received by the receiving element to the information radiolabeling inquirer, so informed. 具体也可以采用语音形式,而不一定是文本或者图形等可见形式。 Specific forms of speech may also be employed, not necessarily visible in the form of text or graphics.

[0080] 上述实施例提供的公共交通工具运行信息远程查询系统中,运行信息接收单元102、运行信息数据库103、查询信息接收单元105、查询处理单元106、答复信息发送单元106等组成公共交通工具运行信息远程查询服务器,用于提供收集各个公共交通工具的运行位置信息和将该信息发送到提出远程查询请求的使用者的終端上。 [0080] Public transport operation information remote query system to the above embodiment, the operation information receiving unit 102, operation information database 103, a query message receiving unit 105, a query processing unit 106, a reply information transmission unit 106 and other components of public transport query the remote operation information server for providing various public transport information collected operating position and transmits the information presented to the user's terminal at a remote query request. 所述查询信息发送单元104、查询结果接收単元108、查询结果显示単元109等,为需要所述交通工具运行信息的信息使用者的終端设备。 The inquiry information sending unit 104, receives the query result radiolabeling element 108, query results are displayed radiolabeling like element 109, the need for the vehicle information of the user terminal device operation information. 根据采用的通讯方式不同,可以是手机、连接因特网的电脑、语音电话等。 Depending on the means of communication used, it can be a mobile phone, a computer connected to the Internet, voice telephony.

[0081] 本发明的最佳应用场合是用于公共汽车的运行信息查询,最佳用户终端是手机,最佳的远程通讯方式是短消息方式。 [0081] The preferred application of the present invention is a bus operating information query, the user terminal is the best cell phone, the best distance is short message communication. 这是由于城市道路交通堵塞的情况日益严重,采用道路交通的公共汽车容易受到影响,其运行的不确定性增强。 This is due to the situation of urban road traffic congestion is worsening, road traffic using buses susceptible to uncertainty enhance its operation. 因此,用户对获得公共汽车的实时运行信息具有最大的迫切性。 Therefore, the user has the greatest urgency to get real-time operating information bus. 由于手机是当前个人通讯的主要工具,因此,采用手机作为查询终端是最佳选择。 As the mobile phone is the main tool of the current personal communications and, therefore, the use of mobile phones as a query terminal is the best choice. 采用短消息方式则可以实现信息查询的费用低廉和查询便捷。 Using short message way you can achieve low cost and convenient information search query.

[0082]以下第二实施例提供ー种使用手机查询公共汽车运行位置信息的具体实施例。 [0082] The second embodiment provides the following kinds ー phone location information query bus runs embodiments. 该实施例与现有的公交系统和用户终端紧密配合,可以实现查询便捷和费用低廉,资金投入少,可以迅速建成。 This embodiment with the existing public transport system and the user terminal work closely together can achieve low cost and convenient query, less capital investment, can be quickly completed.

[0083] 如图2所示,该实施例包括公共汽车运行信息提供単元21、公共汽车运行信息远程查询服务器22、手机23。 [0083] As shown in FIG 2, this embodiment includes a bus runs radiolabeling information providing unit 21, operation information of the remote bus query server 22, the phone 23.

[0084] 所述公共汽车运行信息提供単元21,为固定在公共汽车上具有用户识别卡号的短消息发送装置,该短消息发送装置与公共汽车上的语音报站装置相结合,用于发送公共汽车到达站点的信息。 [0084] The information providing bus runs radiolabeling element 21, having a user identification card is fixed on the bus means for transmitting a message, the short message transmitting means and voice packets on a bus station apparatus in combination, for transmitting the common car arrival information site.

[0085] 如图3所示,为ー种通用的公交语音报站装置的操作界面。 [0085] As shown, the user interface is a kind of universal ー voice bus-stop device 3. 该公共汽车运行线路的站点全部被编号,当公共汽车到达某ー个站点后,司机或售票员会按下功能选择按钮区31中对应该站点的数字键,例如一位或者两位数字键,然后按下播放按钮32。 The bus line runs all the sites are numbered, when the bus arrived at a ー stations, driver or conductor will press the function selection button region 31 pairs should numeric key sites, such as one or two number keys, and then press the play button 32. 该公交语音报站装置内部的选择逻辑电路(图未示)就会根据按下的数字键查找对应的语音,进行播放。 Means that stops the internal bus voice selection logic (not shown) will find the corresponding numeric key pressed according to the speech for playback.

[0086] 本发明提供的公共汽车运行信息提供単元21就是在上述现有设备的基础上,利用现有设备和操作提供的对应于到达站点的站点编号信息,将其编辑为公共汽车运行位置短消息,通过与该公交语音报站装置相连接的具有自身的用户识别卡号的短消息发送装置向外发送。 [0086] The present invention provides the information bus runs radiolabeling element 21 is provided on the basis of the above-described conventional devices, the use of existing equipment and the corresponding operations in providing information reaches the station number of the station, which is a short bus edit operating position message, a short message sent out by the sending device has its own user identification card is connected to the voice packet bus station apparatus. 该信息中包含有站点编号。 This information contains station number. 由于是利用现有的语音报站装置以及司机或售票员的语音报站动作发送该公交汽车的运行位置信息,因此,其改造成本很低,并且不会増加司机或者售票员的操作。 Since the use of existing voice messages and voice station apparatus stops the operation of the driver or conductor of the transmission operation of the buses of the position information, so that the transformation of low cost, and does not operate to increase in the driver or conductor. 另外,该公共汽车运行信息提供単元21是具有用户识别卡号的短消息发送装置,因此,可以通短消息中包含的发送者的用户识别卡号获知发送该短消息的具体车辆编号。 Further, the information providing bus runs radiolabeling element 21 is a short message sending device having a user identification card number, and therefore, the sender may pass the short message contained in the user identification card number informed particular vehicle transmits the short message number.

[0087] 由于短消息发送是一个开放的系统,为了避免其他用户无意或者故意向公共汽车运行信息远程查询服务器22发送短信,而造成系统混乱,可以将所述公共汽车运行信息提供単元21发送的短消息加密,以避免与普通手机发送的信息相混淆。 [0087] Due to the short message sending is an open system, in order to avoid unintentional or intentional other information of the remote user 22 sends a query message to the server bus runs, confusion caused by the system, the bus can run information providing unit 21 transmits the radiolabeling message encryption to prevent information sent by ordinary mobile phone confused.

[0088] 所述手机23在本实施例的系统中作为客户端,是查询信息发送单元、查询结果接收单元和查询结果显示単元的结合体。 [0088] In the mobile phone system 23 according to the present embodiment, as a client, the query message transmitting unit, receiving unit and the result of a query search result display element radiolabeling combination. 用户通过手机编辑查询短信到代表公共汽车运行信息远程查询服务器22的指定服务台号码,就可以获得包含所查询的运行信息的短消息作为反馈,用户可通过手机屏幕读取该短消息,获得所要查询的运行信息。 Mobile phone users to edit the query message to a short message on behalf of buses running information desk remote query server designated number 22, you can get run contain the queried information feedback, the user can read the short message through the phone screen as to obtain the desired run information queries. [0089] 应当说明,该手机发送查询信息吋,应当采用固定的格式,以便所述公共汽车运行信息远程查询服务器22能够正确的获知其希望查询的信息。 [0089] It should be noted, the handset sends a query message inch, fixed format should be used, so that the operation information of the remote bus query server 22 can correctly obtain information that you want to query.

[0090] 例如,用户可以将短消息“720*M*S”发送到公共汽车运行信息远程查询服务器22的服务台号码。 [0090] For example, a user may be a short message "720 * M * S" sent to the remote operation information reception bus number server 22 queries. 该短消息的含义是,用户需要查询720路公共汽车的运行情况,用户的起始站点名称是M,目的站点名称是S。 The meaning of the message is that users need to check the operation of the 720 bus, the user's home site name is M, the purpose of the site name is S. 其中,“*”作为分割符,将公共汽车线路编号、起始站点名称、目的站点名称两两分割。 Wherein, "*" as a delimiter, the bus line number, starting site name, site name twenty-two object segmentation. M和S还可以是起始站点编号、目的站点编号。 M and S may also be the starting station number, destination station number. 这种形式的短消息可以方便地被公共汽车运行信息远程查询服务器22所解读,并进行相关的查询。 This form of short messages can be conveniently buses running information server 22 queries the remote interpretation, and related queries.

[0091] 手机23发送的短消息包含有该手机的身份识别卡号,因此,所述公共汽车运行信息远程查询服务器22能够据此将查询结果发送到该手机显示。 Message [0091] The mobile phone 23 includes the handset's transmitted identification card number, and therefore, the bus operation information of the remote server 22 can accordingly query query result to the mobile phone display.

[0092] 所述公共汽车运行信息远程查询服务器22是本系统的核心。 The [0092] information of the remote bus runs the query server 22 is the heart of the system. 该服务器包括短消息收发平台221、查询处理单元222、运行信息数据库223。 The server comprises a short messaging platform 221, query processing unit 222, operation information database 223.

[0093] 所述短消息收发平台221用于接收来自公共汽车的反映各个车辆运行位置信息的短消息,接收来自手机23的查询短消息以及发送作为查询结果的运行信息短消息。 [0093] The short messaging platform 221 for receiving a message from the bus to reflect the respective position information of the vehicle running, a query message received from the mobile phone 23 and the operation information of the short message sent as a query result. 从功能角度,上述短消息收发平台包括运行信息接收单元2211、查询短消息接收单元2212、查询结果发送单元2213,分别收发不同的短消息。 From a functional point of view, the above-described short messaging platform includes running information receiving unit 2211, a query message receiving unit 2212, a query result transmission section 2213, respectively, different send and receive short messages. 所述运行信息接收单元2211接收来自各个车辆的运行位置短消息,并将该短消息解码后,提供给所述运行信息数据库223。 The operation information receiving unit 2211 receives the message from the operating position of each vehicle, and after decoding the message, provided to the operation information database 223. 所述查询短消息接收单元2212用于接收所述手机23发送的查询信息短消息,并将该短消息解码后,发送到所述查询处理单元222 ;所述查询结果发送単元2213,接收来自所述查询处理单元222编辑的车辆运行位置信息短消息文本,以短消息形式向外发送。 The query message receiving unit 2212 configured to query the information received the short message 23 sent by the phone, and after decoding the message, send to the query processing unit 222; radiolabeling the query result sending element 2213 receives from the said query processing unit 222 to run the vehicle position information editing text message, sends out a short message form.

[0094] 所述公共汽车运行信息远程查询服务器22还包括查询处理单元222,所述查询处理单元222分析来自查询短消息接收单元2211的所述运行状况查询信息短消息,提取该短消息中包含的运行线路编号、起始站点名称或编号以及目的站点名称或编号;并将上述内容作为检索条件,向所述运行信息数据库223发出检索请求。 [0094] The operation information of the remote bus query server 22 also includes a query processing unit 222, a query processing unit 222 analyzes the query information from the query message to the short message receiving unit 2211 of the operating conditions, extracts the short message contains the running line number, name, or start site number and the destination station name or number; and above as a search condition, a search request sent to the operation information database 223.

[0095] 所述运行信息数据库223包括如下三个与公共汽车运行状况相关的表格:车辆本身特性表、线路站点表、运行位置信息表。 [0095] The operation information database 223 includes the following three operating conditions associated with the bus table: Table characteristics of the vehicle itself, the line Sites table, operation position information table.

[0096] 所述车辆本身特性表用于存储与每台公共交通工具对应的用户识别卡号、运行线路编号、车辆编号、车辆类型编号。 The [0096] characteristics of the vehicle itself table storing user identification card number corresponding to each public transport, operation of the line number, the vehicle number, the vehicle type number. 使用该数据表,利用来自各个车辆的运行位置短消息中包含的用户识别卡号,就可以获知发送某条运行位置短消息的车辆的车辆编号、车辆类型、运行线路。 Using this data table, user identification card using short messages from the operating position, the vehicle contained in the individual, the vehicle can acquire the position numbering send a single message operation of the vehicle, vehicle type, operation of the line. 其中,车辆编号与车辆一一对应,用于作为车辆标识,具体可以采用车辆的牌照号码。 Wherein the vehicle numbers correspond with the vehicle, as a vehicle for identification, particularly the vehicle license plate number may be employed. 车辆类型是指车辆的分类,例如,是否属于空调车,是否属于快车、区间车等,这些信息也是用户可能关心的信息。 Vehicle type refers to the classification of the vehicle, for example, whether it is air-conditioned car, whether express train, shuttle bus, etc. This information is user information may be of interest.

[0097] 所述线路站点表用于对应每个线路存储该线路上所有站点编号、站点名称。 The [0097] Line Station table corresponding to each of the line for storing the line numbers on all sites, site name. 由于用户关心的是具体某个线路的车辆运行位置情况,因此,用户查询时,需要提供运行线路和初始站点名称、目的站点名称等信息,数据库中必须首先存储每个线路的相关站点信息,以便根据用户提出的查询要求进行相关的检索。 Since the user is concerned with a vehicle specific position of a line running situation, therefore, when the user queries, need to provide the operation of the line and the initial site name, site name and other information purposes, the database must store the relevant information for each line of site to queries related retrieval according to the requirements of users.

[0098] 所述运行位置信息表,按照线路编号分别设置,用于对应存储站点编号,以及对应该站点的到站时间、到站车辆编号。 [0098] The operation of the position information table, in accordance with the line number are provided for storing a corresponding station number, and the arrival time of the site should be, the station number of the vehicle. 该信息表不断根据所述公共汽车运行信息提供単元21提供的运行位置信息短消息更新车辆到达某ー站点的到站时间以及到站车辆编号。 The meta information table radiolabeling run continuously provide position information of the vehicle 21 to provide a short message update arrival times of arrival and an arrival station ー vehicle ID information based on the bus operation. 其中,车辆到达某ー站点的时间,就是该车辆发送相应的运行位置短消息的时间。 Wherein, the arrival time of a vehicle ー site, the vehicle is an operating position corresponding to the transmission time of the short message. 该运行位置信息表以每个运行线路为单位編制。 The operating position information table at each line as a unit run establishment.

[0099] 该运行信息数据库223需要不断根据运行信息系提供単元21发送的公共汽车运行位置短消息更改其数据库的内容;另ー方面,该数据库需要根据所述查询处理单元222提出的检索请求,生成相应的检索結果。 [0099] The operation information database 223 needs to continue to provide information of the operating system to change the contents of the database radiolabeling membered bus runs short message sending location 21; ー another aspect, the database requires a search request unit 222 according to the submitted query processing, to form the corresponding search result. [0100] 请參看图4,该图示出运行信息数据库223利用所述运行位置短消息更新数据库的流程。 [0100] Referring to Figure 4, which illustrates the operation information database 223 using the database operation update location message flow.

[0101] 步骤S400,运行数据库223接收来自所述运行信息接收单元2211的经过解码的短消息。 [0101] step S400, the operation of the database through a short message decoder 223 receives from the running information receiving unit 2211.

[0102] 步骤S401,判断从所述运行信息接收单元2211的短消息是否属于运行位置信息短消息。 [0102] step S401, the operation determines whether the location information of the short message from the running information receiving unit 2211 of the short message. 若是,则进入下一歩;若否,则结束。 If yes, proceed to the next ho; if not, end.

[0103] 为避免将不属于运行位置信息短消息的其他短消息错误接收,所述运行位置信息短消息采用一定的加密形式或者识别信息发出,可以据此检察短消息是否为运行位置信息短消息,若是,则进入下一歩;若否,则返回步骤S400。 [0103] In order to avoid the short message does not belong to the other operating position error information received short message, the short message information to the operating position using some form of encryption or identification information sent, could then run Attorney short message is a short message location information If yes, the process proceeds to the next ho; if not, returns to step S400.

[0104] 步骤S402,从该短消息中获得发送该短消息的身份识别卡号。 [0104] step S402, transmits the obtained identification card number of the short message from the short message.

[0105] 所述短消息中包含发送该短消息的短消息发送装置的身份识别卡号,由于每ー辆公共汽车的运行信息提供単元21都具有独有的身份识别卡号,因此,可以据此查明该短消息对应的车辆,从而进行相应地更新。 [0105] The short message contains the identification card number of the short message transmitting means transmits the short message, since each ー buses running information provided radiolabeling element 21 has a unique identification number, and therefore, could then check Description of the short message corresponding to the vehicle so as to perform a corresponding update.

[0106] 步骤S403,根据所述身份识别卡号,从所述车辆本身特性表查找具有该卡号的车辆编号,并据此确定该车辆的运行线路编号、车辆类型等信息。 [0106] step S403, the based on the identification card, the card having to find the vehicle number from the characteristic table of the own vehicle, and accordingly operation of the line number, vehicle type and other information of the vehicle is determined.

[0107] 步骤S404,根据该短消息中包含的发送时间和站点编号,更新所述运行位置信息表中相应运行线路的相应站点到达时间,以及相应的车辆编号。 [0107] step S404, the transmission time according to the short message contains the station number and updating the operation of the line corresponding to the appropriate site of the arrival time, and the corresponding operating position, the vehicle ID information table.

[0108] 请參看图5,该图示出该数据库接收到检索请求后,根据该检索请求进行检索的步骤。 [0108] Referring to Figure 5, which shows the database after the step of receiving the retrieval request, the retrieval based on the retrieval request.

[0109] 步骤S501,运行信息数据库223接收来自查询处理单元222提出的检索请求,检索请求的实质内容实际上是检索条件,即需要检索的运行线路编号、起始站点名称或编号以及目的站点名称或编号。 [0109] step S501, the operation information database 223 receives the search request from a query raised by the processing unit 222, the substance is actually search request search condition, i.e., the need to retrieve the running line number, name or number start site and the destination site name or number.

[0110] 步骤S502,确定所要查询的运行方向。 [0110] step S502, the direction is determined to be queried.

[0111] 根据运行线路编号、起始站点名称或编号以及目的站点名称或编号等检索条件,可以确定所要查询的运行方向。 [0111] The operation of the line number search condition, the starting station name or number and the destination station name or number and the like, the direction may be determined to be queried. 由于同一运行线路具有两个运行方向,到达不同方向需要获知的相关信息不相同。 For the same work line having two running directions, different directions need to know the arrival information is not the same. 根据起始站点和目的站点,结合所述线路站点表中的站点名称,就可以获知需要查询的运行方向。 The start site and the destination site, said site name binding site line table, can acquire the direction to be queried.

[0112] 步骤S503,根据所述运行方向,在相应的运行线路的运行位置信息表中,从起始站点M开始,以相反运行方向的前ー个站点为待检索站点,查找该站点编号记录的车辆到达时间。 [0112] step S503, according to the running direction, in the operating position corresponding to the line information table in operation from the start site M begins to run opposite the direction of the front ー sites to sites to be searched, to find the site record number vehicle arrival time.

[0113] 步骤S504,判断该待检索站点的到达时间是否晚于所述起始站点记录的车辆到达时间,若是,则说明存在到达该站点而尚未到达起始站点M的车辆,该站点为最接近M站点的车辆的已到达站点,进入步骤S506 ;若否,则说明不存在到达该站点而尚未到达起始站点M的车辆,进入步骤S505。 [0113] step S504, determines whether or not the arrival time of a search site to be later than the start site record vehicle arrival time, and if so, then there is not yet reaching the site of the vehicle reaches the start site of M, is the site most site close to the vehicle M has reached the site, proceeds to step S506; if not, then you do not arrive at the site and the start site has not reached the vehicle M, the process proceeds to step S505.

[0114] 步骤S505,将待检索站点向前推进ー个站点,返回步骤S504。 [0114] step S505, the search site will be moving forward ー sites, return to step S504.

[0115] 步骤S506,读取所述运行位置信息表中的记录,读取到达该站点的车辆编号,以及到达时间。 [0115] step S506, the operation of reading the record position information table, reading the vehicle number reaches the site and time of arrival. 该车辆为最接近起始站点M的车辆,该站点为最接近站点的已到达时间。 The closest to the vehicle M, the vehicle start site, the site has reached the site closest time.

[0116] 步骤S507,根据所述车辆编号,在所述车辆本身特性表中,查出该车辆的类型编号,获得该车辆的类型信息。 [0116] Step S507, based on the vehicle number, the vehicle itself, the characteristic table, the number of the detected vehicle type, vehicle type information is obtained.

[0117] 步骤S508,根据所述线路站点表查出所述最接近M站点车辆的已到达站点名称。 [0117] step S508, the line according to the table to identify the station nearest the site of the vehicle has reached the M site name.

[0118] 该站点在车辆运行信息表中采用编号的形式表示,为了用户能够方便的获得能够使用的信息,检索结果中需要提供站点名称。 [0118] The site in the form of numbered, the user can easily access to the information can be used, the search result is required to provide the domain name of the vehicle operation information table.

[0119] 步骤S509,根据相关记录,估算该最接近车辆到达M站点的时间。 [0119] step S509, the record according to the related, estimated time is closest to the vehicle M reaches the site.

[0120] 由于所述运行信息表中记录有大量的站点之间的运行信息,因此,可以据此估算从所查询获得的最接近站点到达M站点的时间。 [0120] Since the operation information table, information is recorded among a large number of operating sites, and therefore, can be accordingly estimated time obtained from the nearest landing site queried M sites.

[0121] 上述检索获得的车辆类型、已到达站点名称、到达时间以及估算的到达M站点名称,作为检索结果输出。 [0121] The obtained retrieving vehicle type, the name of the site has been reached, the estimated time of arrival and arrival M site name, as the search result output. 所述查询处理单元222,接收该检索结果后,根据预定的文本格式,将其编辑为短消息文本。 The query processing unit 222, after receiving the search result, in accordance with a predetermined format text, to edit the text message. 该短消息文本通过所述运行短消息发送单元2213,向所述运行状况查询信息短消息来自的手机号码发送。 The short text message by sending a short message the operating unit 2213, the phone number information inquiry from the short message sent to the operating condition. 图6为所述手机中获得的查询结果的ー个实际例子。 FIG 6 is a query result obtained in the mobile phone ー a practical example.

[0122] 上述第二实施例提供了实现公共汽车运行信息远程查询系统的实际例子。 [0122] The second embodiment provides a practical example of an implementation the remote buses running information inquiry system. 从上述实施例可以看出,其中最重要的是公共汽车运行信息远程查询服务器22。 As can be seen from the above examples, is the most important information of the remote bus runs server 22 queries. 以下第三实施例提供该服务器的一个实施例。 The following third embodiment provides an embodiment of the server.

[0123] 图7示出本实施例提供的ー种公共交通工具运行信息远程查询服务器,包括: [0123] FIG. 7 shows a means of public transport ー remote query server running information provided in the present embodiment, comprising:

[0124] 运行信息接收单元701,用于接收反映各个公共交通工具位置状态的运行位置信息。 [0124] 701 operation information receiving unit, for receiving position information of each reflecting the operation of public transport position state. 当采用短消息作为远程通讯的方法时,该运行信息接收单元为短消息接收单元,接收的运行信息为短消息。 When a remote communication method of a short message receiving unit receives the operation information unit is a short message, the received operation information as a short message.

[0125] 运行信息数据库702,用于接收各个公共交通工具的运行位置信息,并对应各个公共交通工具线路存储相应的公共交通工具运行位置信息;该数据库还存有与公共交通工具运行相关的各类信息。 [0125] operation information database 702, for receiving position information of each public operation of the vehicle, and an operating position corresponding to the respective public transport information corresponding public transportation line memory; there is also the database associated with a respective public transport run class information.

[0126] 查询信息接收单元703,用于接收所述运行状况查询信息。 [0126] Query information receiving unit 703, configured to receive query information on the operating conditions.

[0127] 查询处理单元704,用于根据所述运行状况查询信息向所述运行信息数据库702提出检索请求,检索获得相关的答复信息。 [0127] Query processing unit 704, configured to query, according to the information search request made to the operating conditions of the operation information database 702, retrieval information is obtained related responses.

[0128] 查询结果发送単元705,用于发送所述查询处理单元704检索获得的答复信息。 [0128] Results radiolabeling transmission element 705, configured to send a reply to the query processing unit 704 retrieves the information obtained.

[0129] 当采用短消息作为远程通讯的方法时,所述运行信息接收单元701接收的运行信息为短消息。 Operation information [0129] When the short message as a method of remote communication, the operation information receiving unit 701 receives the short message. 所述查询信息接收单元703接收的运行状况查询信息为预定格式的短消息;所述查询结果发送単元705发送的答复信息为预定格式的短消息。 The queries the health information receiving unit 703 receives the inquiry message information in a predetermined format; the query result to send the reply message sent by radiolabeling element 705 to a predetermined message format.

[0130] 以上公共交通工具运行信息远程查询服务器的更具体的运行方式可以參见第一实施例和第二实施例的相关内容。 [0130] More specifically, the operation described above vehicle operating information of the remote public server may refer to a query related to the first embodiment and the second embodiment SUMMARY embodiment.

[0131] 以上所述仅是本发明的优选实施方式,应当指出,对于本技术领域的普通技术人员来说,在不脱离本发明原理的前提下,还可以做出若干改进和润饰,这些改进和润饰也应视为本发明的保护范围。 [0131] The above are only preferred embodiments of the present invention, it should be noted that those of ordinary skill in the art, in the present invention without departing from the principles of the premise, can make various improvements and modifications, such modifications and modifications should also be regarded as the protection scope of the present invention. ,

Claims (9)

1. 一种公共交通工具运行信息远程查询系统,包括: 运行信息提供单元,用于实时获得每个公共交通工具的位置状态,并将对应于每个具体的公共交通工具的位置状态转化为运行位置信息,并编码发送; 运行信息接收单元,用于接收所述经过编码发送的运行位置信息,并将其解码; 运行信息数据库,用于接收所述经过解码的各个公共交通工具的运行位置信息,并对应各个公共交通工具存储相应的运行位置信息;该数据库还存有与公共交通工具运行相关的各类信息; 其特征在于,还包括查询信息发送单元,所述查询信息发送单元为短消息发送单元,用于在客户端接收用户查询操作,并据此远程发送公共交通工具运行状况查询信息,所述公共交通工具运行状况查询信息采用规定格式的短消息,该短消息至少包含所要查询的运行线路编号、起始站点名 A public transport system run remote query information, comprising: operating an information providing unit in real time for each of the common position of the vehicle state and a position corresponding to each particular state of public transport converted to run position information, and transmits encoding; operation information receiving unit for receiving the encoded information transmitted via the operating position, and decodes it; database operation information for operating said position information received through the respective public transport decoded , corresponding to the respective public transport and storage position information corresponding to run; there is also a variety of information in the database associated with the operation of public transportation; characterized by further comprising inquiry information sending unit, the inquiry information sending unit is a short message transmitting means for receiving a user query at a client, and accordingly transmits a common remote vehicle operating status query information, the health of the public transportation information using a query message of a predetermined format, comprising at least the short message to be queried run line number, starting site name 称或编号、以及目的站点名称或编号; 查询信息接收单元,所述查询信息接收单元为短消息接收单元,用于接收所述公共交通工具运行状况查询信息; 查询处理单元,用于分析所述公共交通工具运行状况查询信息,提取该短消息中包含的运行线路编号、起始站点名称或编号、以及目的站点名称或编号,将上述信息作为检索条件,向所述运行信息数据库发出检索请求,并将所述运行信息数据库返回的检索结果编辑成预定格式的答复信息; 所述运行信息数据库存储有与每台公共交通工具对应的用户识别卡号、运行线路编号和车辆编号,每个线路上所有站点编号和站点名称,与各个站点对应的到站时间和到站车辆编号,所述运行信息数据库根据所述公共交通工具运行状况查询信息中的运行线路编号,依次查找在该线路上所述起始站点之前的站点的到站 Name or number and the destination station name or number; query information receiving unit, the query information receiving unit is a short message receiving unit, for receiving the health public transportation information query; query processing unit for analyzing the public transportation health query information, extracting operation of the line number of the short message contained in the starting station name or number and the destination station name or number, the above information as a search condition, a search request sent to the operation information database, and the search result information returned from the database to the editing operation of a predetermined format reply messages; running information database storing the user identification card number and each corresponding public transport, operation of the line number and the vehicle number, each line on all the station number and the name of the site, and the arrival time of each station corresponding to the station number of the vehicle, the operation information database query running line number information in accordance with the common operating conditions of transport, successively looking up the play on the line the station site prior to the start site 间,当查找到的到站时间晚于所述起始站点的到站时间时,确定到达该站点的车辆为距离起始站点最近的车辆,获取相应的车辆编号和到站时间并作为检索结果返回; 查询结果发送单元,用于编码发送所述查询处理单元编辑的答复信息; 查询结果接收单元,用于在客户端接收所述查询结果发送单元发送的答复信息; 查询结果显示单元,用于在客户端显示所述接收单元接收的答复信息; 所述运行信息提供单元为与公共交通工具上语音报站装置相连接的具有用户识别卡号的短消息发送装置; 所述运行信息接收单元为短消息接收装置。 Room, when the searched arrival time is later than the arrival time of the start site, determines that the vehicle reaches the start site from the site of the nearest vehicle, obtain the appropriate number and arrival time and the vehicle as search results return; query result transmission means for transmitting the encoded reply information inquiry unit editing processing; query result receiving means for receiving a client sending the query result reply unit transmits the information; search-result display means for displaying said received reply messages received at the client unit; the operating information providing unit is a short message sending device having a user identification card number and voice messages on public transportation station connected to means; operation information receiving unit is a short message receiving means.
2.根据权利要求I所述的公共交通工具运行信息远程查询系统,其特征在于,所述运行信息数据库中包括: 公共交通工具本身特性表,该表存储与每台公共交通工具对应的用户识别卡号、运行线路编号、车辆编号、车辆类型编号; 线路站点表,用于对应每个线路存储该线路上所有站点编号、站点名称; 运行位置信息表,按照线路编号分别设置,用于对应存储站点编号,以及对应该站点的到站时间、到站车辆编号。 The public transport information for the remote operation of the query system of claim I, wherein said operation information database comprises: a public transport property table itself, the user identification table stores each corresponding public transport card, operation of the line number, the vehicle number, the vehicle type ID; line sites table, each line memory for the corresponding number on the line all sites, site name; run information table, in accordance with the line number are provided, corresponding to a storage site number and arrival time should be on the site, the station vehicle number.
3.根据权利要求2所述的公共交通工具运行信息远程查询系统,其特征在于,当公共交通工具达到某一站点进行报站操作时,同时根据该站点编号生成短消息形式的运行位置信息并发送;所述运行信息数据库接收到该运行位置信息后,根据发送该短消息的用户识别卡号,在公共交通工具本身特性表中查询对应的车辆编号,并据此确定该车辆的运行线路;以所确定的运行线路为依据,在对应该运行线路的所述运行位置信息表中,对应所述运行位置信息中的站点编号,更新到站时间和车辆编号。 The public transport information run remote query system according to claim 2, characterized in that, when public transport stops reaches a site for operation, while the number generation operation of the location information in the form of a short message in accordance with the site and transmission; after receiving the operation information database location information of the operation, according to a user identification card number of the short message is sent, the query number corresponding to the public transport vehicle characteristics table itself, and accordingly determining the operating line of the vehicle; to the determined work line basis, should be in the operating position for operation of the line information table in the operating position corresponding to the station number information, updating the arrival time and the vehicle number.
4.根据权利要求3所述的公共交通工具运行信息远程查询系统,其特征在于,所述运行信息数据库根据所述运行线路编号,依次查找在该线路上所述起始站点之前的站点的到站时间,当查找到的到站时间晚于所述起始站点的到站时间时,确定到达该站点的车辆为距离起始站点最近的车辆,获取相应的车辆编号和到站时间,以及根据车辆编号获得该车辆的类型信息;将上述信息作为检索结果返回。 The public transport information for the remote operation of the query system as claimed in claim 3, wherein the operation information database according to the operating line number, successively find the site before the start site on the line station time, when the searched arrival time is later than the arrival time of the start site, the site of the vehicle is determined to reach the nearest distance from the vehicle start site for the corresponding vehicle ID and arrival time, and according to vehicle number of the vehicle type information is obtained; the above-described information is returned as a search result.
5.根据权利要求4所述的公共交通工具运行信息远程查询系统,其特征在于,所述检索结果中还包括最近的公共交通工具预计到达起始站点的时间,该时间根据现有的相关记录计算获得。 The public transport remote operation information search system according to claim 4, wherein the search result further comprises latest public transport expected arrival time of the start site, according to the conventional time correlation records calculation available.
6.根据权利要求I所述的公共交通工具运行信息远程查询系统,其特征在于,所述运行状况查询信息短消息的预定格式是“运行线路编号+分割符+起始站点名称或编号+分割符+目的站点名称或者编号”。 The public transport information for the remote operation of the query system of claim I, wherein said predetermined operating condition inquiry message format information is "work line delimiter number + + + start site name or number of split Fu and destination site name or number. "
7.根据权利要求1-6所述的公共交通工具运行信息远程查询系统,其特征在于,所述查询结果发送单元,具体是短消息发送单元;所述查询结果接收单元是手机的短消息接收单元;所述查询结果显示单元为该手机的显示单元。 The public transport remote operation information search system according to claims 1-6, wherein said query result sending unit is a short message transmitting unit; the query result receiving unit is a mobile phone short message received unit; the query results for display unit of the mobile phone unit.
8. —种公共交通工具运行信息的更新方法,用于权利要求I到权利要求7所述的系统,其特征在于,包括: 131)接收公共交通工具发送的反映其运行信息的短消息; 132)从该短消息中提取发送该短消息的用户识别卡号; 133)根据该卡号,从车辆本身特性表中查找具有该卡号的车辆编号; 134)根据该车辆编号确定该车辆的运行线路编号、车辆类型信息; 135)根据该短消息中包含的发送时间和站点编号,更新运行位置信息表中的相应运行线路的相应站点的到达时间,以及相应的车辆编号。 8. - Regeneration Methods public vehicle operating information for the I as claimed in claim system of claim 7, wherein, comprising: 131) receiving a short message reflecting the operation information sent by public transportation; 132 ) extracted from the short message the user identification card transmits the short message; 133), to find the vehicle number with the card number itself from the characteristic table of the vehicle according to the card; 134) operation of the line number of the vehicle, the vehicle number is determined according to, vehicle type information; 135) according to the transmission time included in the short message and the station number, updating the arrival time of the respective operating site corresponding line in the operating position information table, and the corresponding vehicle ID.
9. 一种公共交通工具运行信息的查询方法,用于权利要求I到权利要求7所述的系统,其特征在于,包括: 141)接收检索请求,该检索请求中包括需要检索的运行线路编号、起始站点名称或编号以及目的站点名称或编号; 142)根据运行线路编号、起始站点名称或编号以及目的站点名称或编号,确定所要查询的运行方向; 143)根据所述运行方向,在相应的运行线路的运行位置信息表中,从起始站点开始,以相反运行方向的前一个站点为待检索站点,查找该站点编号记录的车辆到达时间; 144)判断该待检索站点的到达时间是否晚于所述起始站点记录的车辆到达时间;若是,则进入步骤146);若否,则进入步骤145); 145)将待检索站点向前推进一个站点;返回步骤144); 146)读取所述运行位置信息表中的记录,读取到达该站点的车辆编号,以及到达时间;147)根据所述 9. A method query public transport operation information for the I as claimed in claim system of claim 7, wherein, comprising: 141) receiving a search request, the search request includes a line number to be retrieved run starting station name or number and the destination station name or number; 142) according to the operating line number, name, or start site number and the destination station name or number, to determine the direction to be queried; 143) according to said running direction, operating position corresponding to the line information table in operation, starting from the start site to a site opposite to the running direction of the front of the site to be searched to find the site of the vehicle arrival time record number; 144) is determined to be the arrival time of a search site the vehicle is later than the arrival time of the recording start site; if yes, step 146); if not, the process proceeds to step 145); 145) to be a site forward advancing search site; returns to step 144); 146) reading the recording position information table in operation, reads the vehicle number reaches the site and time of arrival; 147) according to the 车辆编号,在车辆本身特性表中,查出该车辆的类型编号,获得该车辆的类型信息; 148)根据线路站点表查出最接近起始站点车辆的已到达站点名称; 149)根据相关历史记录,估算该最接近车辆到达起始站点的时间。 Vehicle number, vehicle characteristics table in itself, to identify the type number of the vehicle, to obtain information on the type of the vehicle; 148) found closest to the site name has reached the starting line site vehicle according to the Sites table; 149) in accordance with the relevant history recorded time start site is closest to the estimated vehicle arrives.
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