CN101240905A - Multi-fuel energy-saving environment-friendly range - Google Patents

Multi-fuel energy-saving environment-friendly range Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101240905A
CN101240905A CNA2008100581926A CN200810058192A CN101240905A CN 101240905 A CN101240905 A CN 101240905A CN A2008100581926 A CNA2008100581926 A CN A2008100581926A CN 200810058192 A CN200810058192 A CN 200810058192A CN 101240905 A CN101240905 A CN 101240905A
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China
Prior art keywords
burner hearth
fuel energy
saving environment
appendix
fuel
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Pending
Application number
CNA2008100581926A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
姚邵昆
洪昆生
李洪斌
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Individual
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Individual
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Application filed by Individual filed Critical Individual
Priority to CNA2008100581926A priority Critical patent/CN101240905A/en
Publication of CN101240905A publication Critical patent/CN101240905A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B40/00Technologies aiming at improving the efficiency of home appliances, e.g. induction cooking or efficient technologies for refrigerators, freezers or dish washers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/10Biofuels, e.g. bio-diesel

Abstract

The present invention provides a multi-fuel energy saving environmentally-friendly cooker. The invention belongs to burner, especially a cooker generating combustible gas using solid combustible as fuel material. The pattern is an imporved pattern to the traditional fuel cooker, the lower of the furnace is a conical surface which upper is big and lower is small, the dust storage chamber wall is a bowl shaped curve and smoothly connected with the conical surface of the furnace, the inlet of the gas-guide tube extends to the center of the furnace, outlet tube of the blower is connected with the appendix previous to the dust storage chamber and the burning head. The invention has a reasonably designing structure, generating combustible gas by combustible such as straw, Eupatorium adenophorum, hyacinth, garbage etc, burning completely, generating less clinker, having no waste gas drainage, and having a simple feeding operation.

Description

Multi-fuel energy-saving environment-friendly range
Technical field
The invention belongs to burner, is fuel with solid-state combustible particularly, produces the kitchen range of fuel gas.
Background technology
The flue dust that traditional civilian solid fuel kitchen range produce is big, contaminated environment, troublesome poeration and unhygienic, efficiency of combustion is low, in the good rural area of city and economic condition need not, but the vast rural area of China since electricity, gas can not be transported to, or the immiseration reason, still using traditional kitchen range.In order to solve the deficiency that traditional kitchen range exist, disclosing multiple in Chinese patent literature is fuel with coal or plant stem, and then the technical conceive of preparation fuel gas, though these technical schemes have greatly been improved the condition that people use kitchen range, but in the use of reality, still there are many deficiencies.Because local design is unreasonable, when using multiple complex solid-state thing, can not guarantee that all fuel are handy fully, when particularly using wooden slag, straw as fuel, the column emptying aperture is just burnt in very fast burner hearth center, and the fuel of furnace wall periphery is also unignited, thereby firepower reduces at once, even flare moment extinguishes, at this moment need to open feeding cover, again light once more after tamping wooden slag, straw fuel, operation is become than the past trouble, the flue dust of reinforced operating clearance is also bigger; Even when using coal, the center is burnt empty phenomenon and is still often taken place, and efficiency of combustion is also undesirable, still has many unburnt slags to fall into Dust Storage Room.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention provides a kind of multi-fuel energy-saving environment-friendly range, its reasonable in design, and multiple combustible such as available straw, straw, Eupatorium adenophorum, water hyacinth, rubbish produces fuel gas, burning fully, lime-ash produces few, and non-exhaust emission is reinforced simple to operate.
Solving the scheme that technical problem of the present invention adopts is: be communicated to combustion head at traditional wireway from by burner hearth, the discharge pipe of blower fan is attached in the body of heater, on such combustion gas generation kitchen range basis, carry out following improvement, the hypomere of burner hearth is the up big and down small conical surface, the Dust Storage Room wall be bowl-shape curved surface and with the conical surface smooth connection of burner hearth, the inlet of wireway extends to the burner hearth middle part, the discharge pipe of blower fan is linked to the appendix before Dust Storage Room and the combustion head.
Technical scheme of the present invention also comprises: hearth wall has a urceolus outward, forms closed interlayer with burner hearth, and the water of packing in the interlayer becomes water tank, and the hot-water line outlet is communicated with gas purifier and appendix.The upper port of wireway and upper end sidewall all are equipped with the end socket of removing contamination, and the delivery position of gas purifier and wireway also is equipped with the end socket of removing contamination.The faying face of the charge door of upper furnace blind end and charge door capping all is provided with the spiral latch, in the charge door capping sealing ring is housed.The discharge pipe of blower fan is with tangential access Dust Storage Room wall.
The side is connected to sagging tar and collects flexible pipe on appendix; The discharge pipe of blower fan is equipped with control valve to the tonifying Qi pipeline of appendix; Pressure gauge is equipped with in interlayer water tank upper end; Kitchen range top face is equipped with the underlying wind loop, and combustion head is contained in the wind loop and is lower than kitchen range top face.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1. efficiency of combustion is higher, and the center is burnt empty phenomenon and significantly reduced.Because the air-flow of the discharge pipe of blower fan tangentially is sprayed on the bowl-shape curved surface of Dust Storage Room, can produce the air-flow that rotation disperses, the conical surface through the burner hearth hypomere disperses again, and the combustion zone is evenly disperseed, make burning more complete, also solved the problem that fuel concentrates on central burner; In addition, the entry position of wireway is suitable, and water content in the combustible gas and tar content can significantly reduce, and makes combustible gas purer, and blower fan replenishes the part air to appendix, and the flame temperature of combustion head is higher.
2. made full use of heat energy, the cleaning pipeline is easy.The boiler of interlayer is set, can utilizes heat energy greatly, while manufacture hot water in gas generation process; And hot water can be led to gas purifier and appendix, remove easily and be stained with glutinous tar, solve the problem that tar is assembled well, the pipeline location at easy coking oil all is provided with the end socket of removing contamination, and has solved the common difficult problem of coke cleaning oil.
3. good operational environment and health.The hermetically-sealed construction of charge door and charge door capping has avoided original common flue gas to escape phenomenon fully; And the burner hearth rational structure can guarantee all average after-flames successively of various fuel, but therefore tamps behind the furnace charge continuous burning 10 hours, the center cloth of need not uncapping again substantially.
4. fuel cost is low, can solve environmental issue.Fuel can use rural area discarded straw, straw, cavings shell, and Eupatorium adenophorum, the water hyacinth that can also burn and overgrow in the many areas of China in recent years, has both solved problem of environmental pollution, has solved peasant's cheap fuel problem again.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention.
Each label is represented successively among the figure: kitchen range top face 1, combustion head 2, three-way connection 3, valve 4, wind loop 5, hot-water line 6, gas purifier 7, the end socket 8 of removing contamination, valve 9, wireway 10, the end socket 11 of removing contamination, the end socket 12 of removing contamination, handle 13, charge door capping 14, sealing ring 15, spiral latch 16, charge door 17, Pressure gauge 18, hot water outlet 19, urceolus 20, valve 21, face of cylinder burner hearth 22, valve 23, cold water pipe 24, conical surface burner hearth 25, grate 26, cleaning door 27, Dust Storage Room 28, valve 29, tonifying Qi pipeline 30, three-way connection 31, blower fan 32, tar is collected flexible pipe 33, appendix 34.
The specific embodiment
Referring to Fig. 1, the cross section of the burner hearth of this energy-saving environment-friendly cooking stove changes, and epimere is an isodiametric face of cylinder burner hearth 22, and hypomere is up big and down small conical surface burner hearth 25, the cross section of Dust Storage Room 28 then is bowl-shape curved surface, be connected smoothly with conical surface burner hearth 25, when the air-flow from blower fan was ejected into the bowl-shape curved surface of Dust Storage Room 28, rotation was risen at a high speed, pass through starting taper face burner hearth 25 water conservancy diversion again, the lower end air of whole face of cylinder burner hearth 22 is uniform, and same aspect burning does not evenly have the empty phenomenon of burning.The inlet of wireway 10 extends to the burner hearth middle part, and full of twists and turns contact of fuel with top passed through in most of combustion gas, and solid-state molecule, moisture and tar particulate are taken away in a large number, and combustion gas quality improves greatly.The discharge pipe of blower fan 32 also is linked on combustion head 2 appendix 34 before by three-way connection 31 and tonifying Qi pipeline 30 except tangential feeding Dust Storage Room 28, mends into an amount of air for combustion gas, more helps improving efficiency of combustion.Outside hearth wall, also be provided with a urceolus 20, formed airtight water tank interlayer with burner hearth, except utilizing heat energy to provide the hot water for the user, hot-water line 6 also has been communicated with gas purifier 7 and appendix 34, when Open valve 21 and 23, hot water can also be softening with the tar of assembling in gas purifier 7 and the appendix 34, thereby remove easily.The upper port of wireway 10 and upper end sidewall all are equipped with remove contamination end socket 11 and 12, and gas purifier 7 also is equipped with the end socket 8 of removing contamination with the delivery position of wireway, and these places are easy to stockpile tar, open the end socket 11,12,8 of removing contamination, and just can remove incrustation easily.The charge door 17 of upper furnace blind end all is provided with spiral latch 16 with the faying face of charge door capping 14, and sealing ring 15 is housed in the charge door capping 14, adds rotary handle 13 behind the fuel, can guarantee the excellent sealing of burner hearth.By two three-way connections, the 3 other two ends that connect tar collection flexible pipe 33, the middle part of pipe is sagging, can unload after use a period of time, removes the tar that stockpiles in the pipe on the appendix 34 of this environmental protection kitchen range.On the tonifying Qi pipeline 30 of the discharge pipe of blower fan 32 control valve 29 is housed, can adjusts the best proportioning of air and combustion gas easily.Pressure gauge 18 is equipped with in interlayer water tank upper end, can observe the steam pressure in the water tank intuitively, and in time discharged steam guarantees safe in utilization.Kitchen range top face 1 is equipped with underlying wind loop 5, and combustion head 2 is contained in the wind loop 5 and is lower than kitchen range top face 1, and the convection current that produces in the time of can preventing the operation of kitchen range top place keeps the condition of high temperature at combustion head 2 places to the impact of flame.

Claims (6)

1, a kind of multi-fuel energy-saving environment-friendly range, wireway is from by being communicated to combustion head the burner hearth, the discharge pipe of blower fan is attached in the body of heater, it is characterized in that: the hypomere of burner hearth is the up big and down small conical surface, the Dust Storage Room wall be bowl-shape curved surface and with the conical surface smooth connection of burner hearth, the inlet of wireway extends to the burner hearth middle part, and the discharge pipe of blower fan is linked to the appendix before Dust Storage Room and the combustion head.
2, by the described multi-fuel energy-saving environment-friendly range of claim 1, it is characterized in that: hearth wall has a urceolus outward, forms closed interlayer with burner hearth, and the water of packing in the interlayer becomes water tank, and the hot-water line outlet is communicated with gas purifier and appendix.
3, by the described multi-fuel energy-saving environment-friendly range of claim 2, it is characterized in that: the upper port of wireway and upper end sidewall all are equipped with the end socket of removing contamination, and the delivery position of gas purifier and wireway also is equipped with the end socket of removing contamination.
4, by the described multi-fuel energy-saving environment-friendly range of claim 2, it is characterized in that: the faying face of the charge door of upper furnace blind end and charge door capping all is provided with the spiral latch, in the charge door capping sealing ring is housed.
5, by the described multi-fuel energy-saving environment-friendly range of claim 2, it is characterized in that: the discharge pipe of blower fan is with tangential access Dust Storage Room wall.
6, by claim 2,3,4 and 5 described multi-fuel energy-saving environment-friendly ranges, it is characterized in that: the side is connected to sagging tar and collects flexible pipe on appendix; The discharge pipe of blower fan is equipped with control valve to the tonifying Qi pipeline of appendix; Pressure gauge is equipped with in interlayer water tank upper end; Kitchen range top face is equipped with the underlying wind loop, and combustion head is contained in the wind loop and is lower than kitchen range top face.
CNA2008100581926A 2008-03-18 2008-03-18 Multi-fuel energy-saving environment-friendly range Pending CN101240905A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA2008100581926A CN101240905A (en) 2008-03-18 2008-03-18 Multi-fuel energy-saving environment-friendly range

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA2008100581926A CN101240905A (en) 2008-03-18 2008-03-18 Multi-fuel energy-saving environment-friendly range

Publications (1)

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CN101240905A true CN101240905A (en) 2008-08-13

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101614409B (en) * 2009-02-18 2012-05-23 李存知 Multi-functional plant gasfier
CN101749739B (en) * 2009-12-15 2012-09-26 乔发政 Improved stove structure and fire using method thereof
CN108361715A (en) * 2018-01-28 2018-08-03 昆山富凌能源利用有限公司 A kind of processing domestic waste stove

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101614409B (en) * 2009-02-18 2012-05-23 李存知 Multi-functional plant gasfier
CN101749739B (en) * 2009-12-15 2012-09-26 乔发政 Improved stove structure and fire using method thereof
CN108361715A (en) * 2018-01-28 2018-08-03 昆山富凌能源利用有限公司 A kind of processing domestic waste stove

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Open date: 20080813