CN101217894B - Control systems and foot-receiving device products containing such systems - Google Patents

Control systems and foot-receiving device products containing such systems Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101217894B
CN101217894B CN 200680025216 CN200680025216A CN101217894B CN 101217894 B CN101217894 B CN 101217894B CN 200680025216 CN200680025216 CN 200680025216 CN 200680025216 A CN200680025216 A CN 200680025216A CN 101217894 B CN101217894 B CN 101217894B
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China
Prior art keywords
footwear
system
article
foot
adapted
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CN 200680025216
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101217894A (en
Inventor
小查尔斯·惠普尔·科茨
艾伦·M·施罗克
艾伯特·夏姆
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耐克国际有限公司
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Priority to US11/177,489 priority Critical
Priority to US11/177,489 priority patent/US20070006489A1/en
Application filed by 耐克国际有限公司 filed Critical 耐克国际有限公司
Priority to PCT/US2006/024015 priority patent/WO2007008352A1/en
Publication of CN101217894A publication Critical patent/CN101217894A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101217894B publication Critical patent/CN101217894B/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/103Detecting, measuring or recording devices for testing the shape, pattern, colour, size or movement of the body or parts thereof, for diagnostic purposes
    • A61B5/1036Measuring load distribution, e.g. podologic studies
    • A61B5/1038Measuring plantar pressure during gait
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B13/00Soles; Sole and heel units
    • A43B13/14Soles; Sole and heel units characterised by the constructive form
    • A43B13/18Resilient soles
    • A43B13/181Resiliency achieved by the structure of the sole
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B3/00Footwear characterised by the shape or the use
    • A43B3/0005Footwear provided with electrical or electronic systems
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B5/00Footwear for sporting purposes
    • A43B5/06Running boots
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43BCHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF FOOTWEAR; PARTS OF FOOTWEAR
    • A43B7/00Footwear with health or hygienic arrangements
    • A43B7/14Footwear with foot-supporting parts
    • A43B7/24Insertions or cap supports preventing the foot canting to one side, preventing supination or pronation
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A43FOOTWEAR
    • A43DMACHINES, TOOLS, EQUIPMENT OR METHODS FOR MANUFACTURING OR REPAIRING FOOTWEAR
    • A43D1/00Foot or last measuring devices; Measuring devices for shoe parts
    • A43D1/02Foot-measuring devices
    • A43D1/027Shoe fit indicating devices
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61BDIAGNOSIS; SURGERY; IDENTIFICATION
    • A61B5/00Detecting, measuring or recording for diagnostic purposes; Identification of persons
    • A61B5/68Arrangements of detecting, measuring or recording means, e.g. sensors, in relation to patient
    • A61B5/6801Arrangements of detecting, measuring or recording means, e.g. sensors, in relation to patient specially adapted to be attached to or worn on the body surface
    • A61B5/6802Sensor mounted on worn items
    • A61B5/6804Garments; Clothes
    • A61B5/6807Footwear
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
    • G01C22/00Measuring distance traversed on the ground by vehicles, persons, animals, or other moving solid bodies, e.g. using odometers, using pedometers
    • G01C22/006Pedometers

Abstract

Foot-receiving devices, such as articles of footwear (100), include: (a) a sensing device (102) that senses a characteristic of an interaction between a user's foot and a foot-receiving device; (b) a control system (104) that receives output from the sensing device and controls a characteristic of the foot-receiving device based on this output; and (c) a monitoring system for detecting and/or storing data indicating speed or distance information associated with use of the foot-receiving device. The monitoring system may receive input from the same sensing device used for providing data to thecontrol system. The control system may alter the impact attenuation characteristics, the traction characteristics, the flexibility characteristics, the fit characteristics, or the like of the articleof footwear. Methods of making and using such foot-receiving devices also are described.

Description

鞋类系统和提供与使用该类鞋类系统的方法 Providing a footwear system and method of use of such footwear system

发明领域 Field of the Invention

[0001] 本发明通常涉及包括监测和/或控制系统以及速度和/或距离监测系统的鞋类物品或其他足部容纳装置,其中的监测和/或控制系统用于自动控制鞋类物品的特征,如鞋类物品的性能特征,速度和/或距离监测系统如计步器型的。 [0001] The present invention generally relates to an article of footwear automatic control features include monitoring and / or control systems and speed and / or distance monitoring system of the article of footwear or other foot-receiving device, wherein the monitoring and / or control system for as the performance characteristics of the article of footwear, the speed and / or distance monitoring systems, such as a pedometer type.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 常规的运动鞋类物品包括两个主要部件,即鞋面构件和鞋底结构。 [0002] Conventional articles of athletic footwear include two primary components, namely an upper member and a sole structure. 鞋面构件提供足部的覆盖物以相对于鞋底结构容纳并定位足部。 The upper member provides a covering for the foot relative to sole structure receives and positions the foot. 此外,鞋面构件可具有保护足部和提供透气性的构造,由此使足部凉爽并排出汗液。 Further, the upper member may have a foot breathability and protection structure, thereby cooling the foot and removing perspiration. 鞋底结构通常固定于鞋面构件的下部部分, 且通常位于足部和接触面(这里使用的术语“接触面”或“表面”包括任何足部或鞋类接触面,包括但不限于:草地、泥土、雪地、冰面、瓷砖、地板、地毯、人造草坪、浙青、混凝土、粘土、 球场地面等等)之间。 The sole structure generally is fixed to a lower portion of the upper member, and is usually located in the foot and a contact surface (As used herein, the term "contacting surface" or "surface" includes any foot or footwear contact surface, including but not limited to: grass, between mud, snow, ice, tile, flooring, carpets, artificial turf, Zhejiang green, concrete, clay, court surface, etc.). 除了削弱地面的反作用力外,鞋底结构还可以提供附着摩擦力和控制足部运动,诸如内旋。 In addition to attenuating ground reaction forces, the sole structure may provide traction and control foot motions, such as pronation. 因此,鞋面构件和鞋底结构共同作用以提供一种适于广泛的步行活动,诸如步行和跑步的舒适结构。 Therefore, the interaction of the upper member and the sole structure suitable to provide a wide range of walking activities, such as walking and running comfort structure.

[0003] 在至少一些情形中,运动鞋的鞋底结构通常表现为分层结构,其包括增强舒适度的鞋内底、弹性的鞋底夹层(如,至少部分由聚合物泡沫材料形成)、以及提供抗磨损和附着摩擦力的接触地面的鞋外底。 [0003] In at least some cases, sole structure of athletic footwear usually presents a layered structure, which comprises a reinforcing bottom inner shoe comfort, a resilient midsole (e.g., at least partially formed from a polymer foam material), and providing a outsole wear and traction ground-contacting. 在至少一些情形中,鞋底夹层是衰减地面反作用力和控制足部运动的主要的鞋底结构元件。 In at least some cases, the midsole is the primary sole structure element that attenuates ground reaction forces and controls foot motion. 用于至少部分鞋底夹层的合适聚合物泡沫材料包括乙烯-醋酸乙烯酯共聚物(“EVA”)或聚氨酯(“PU”),其在外加负荷下弹性压缩以削弱地面的反作用力。 Suitable polymer foam materials for at least portions of the midsole include ethylene - vinyl acetate copolymer ( "EVA") or polyurethane ( "PU"), which is elastically compressed to attenuate ground reaction forces under the applied load. 常规的聚合物泡沫材料是可弹性压缩的,这部分归因于包含多个敞开或闭合的小室(cell),而这些小室界定了基本上由气体代替的内部空间(inner volume)。 Conventional polymer foam materials are resiliently compressible, in part, due to the open or closed comprises a plurality of cells (Cell), which defines an interior space of the chamber is substantially displaced by gas (inner volume). 常规鞋类产品中的鞋面构件和鞋底结构可以按各种不同的方式彼此连接在一起,如采用接合剂或粘合剂、缝合或缝制、机械连接件、熔合技术或类似的方式。 An upper member and a sole structure of a conventional article of footwear may be connected in various different ways to each other, such as cements or adhesives, stitching or sewing, mechanical connectors, fusing techniques, or using the similar manner.

[0004] 概述 [0004] Overview

[0005] 为了提供对本发明至少某些方面的基本理解,以下对本发明的各方面做出了概述。 [0005] In order to provide a basic understanding of at least some aspects of the present invention, the following aspects of the present invention to make an overview. 本概述并不是对本发明的全面评述。 This summary is not a comprehensive review of the present invention. 其并不旨在确定本发明的主要或关键元件或描绘本发明的范围。 It is not intended to identify key or critical elements of the invention or to delineate the scope of the invention. 以下的发明概述仅仅从整体上给出本发明的一些概念,作为后续更详细说明的序言。 The following summary merely presents some concepts of the disclosure of the present invention as a whole, as a prelude to the more detailed description that follow.

[0006] 本发明的各方面涉及足部容纳装置,如鞋类物品(如,运动鞋类等),其包括足部覆盖构件(如鞋面构件)以及与足部覆盖构件接合的足部支撑构件(如鞋底构件,任选地包括鞋内底、鞋底夹层和/或鞋外底部分)。 [0006] Aspects of the invention relate to foot-receiving device, such as articles of footwear (e.g., athletic footwear, etc.), including a foot-covering member (e.g., an upper member) and a foot-supporting member engaged with the foot-covering member (e.g., a sole member, optionally including an insole, midsole and / or outsole portions). 足部容纳装置系统还可以包括:(a)感测设备, 其与足部覆盖构件或足部支撑构件的至少其中一个接合,其中感测设备被定位成和/或适于当使用足部容纳装置时,感测使用者的足部和足部容纳装置之间的相互作用特征中的至少一个;(b)控制系统,其接收来自感测设备的输出并(至少部分地)根据此输出控制足部容纳装置的至少一个特征(如足部支撑构件的特征);以及(c)监测系统,其用于检测和/ 或储存标示与足部容纳装置的使用相关的速度信息或距离信息的数据。 Foot-receiving device system may further comprise: (a) a sensing device, which foot-covering member or the foot-supporting member, wherein the at least one engagement, wherein the sensing device is positioned and / or adapted for use when the foot-receiving when the apparatus, and measuring the user's foot sensing interaction between the foot-receiving device features at least one; (b) a control system, which receives an output from the sensing device, and (at least partially) based on this output control the at least one characteristic (e.g., wherein the foot-supporting member) of the foot-receiving device; and (c) a monitoring system for detecting and / or storage apparatus designated using the foot-related speed information or distance information receiving data . 任选地,如果期望的话,此监测系统可接收来自用于提供数据至控制系统的同一个感测设备的输入。 Optionally, if desired, the monitoring system may receive input from the same sensing device to provide data to the control system. 控制系统可以改变,如鞋类物品的冲击衰减特征、附着摩擦力特征、韧性特征、合脚性特征或类似的特征。 The control system may be varied, such as impact attenuation characteristics of an article of footwear, characterized in traction, flexibility characteristics, fit feature or similar features. 这种足部容纳装置系统还可以包括如用于接收使用者输入(如,与用于可设置的或可控制的特征有关的使用者设置值或期望特征等)、用于提供信息给使用者(如,速度或距离信息等),以及类似目的的一个或多个设备,如远程或外围设备。 Such foot-receiving device system may further comprise means for receiving such a user input (e.g., user settings or desired feature or features may be provided with a controllable relating etc.), for providing information to the user (e.g., speed or distance information, etc.), as well as one or more similar purpose devices, such as a remote or peripheral devices.

[0007] 本发明的各方面进一步涉及制造包括,如上述类型的控制系统和/或监测系统的鞋类或其他足部容纳装置系统的方法。 [0007] Aspects of the present invention further relates to the manufacture comprising a process control system of the type as described above and / or monitoring system of footwear or other foot-receiving device system. 这种方法可以包括:(a)使感测设备与鞋类物品或足部容纳装置接合(如,在鞋类制造过程中、在零售处或使用场所等),其中感测设备被定位成和/或适于当使用足部容纳装置时,感测鞋类物品或足部容纳装置与接触面之间的接触特征中的至少一个;(b)提供控制系统,该控制系统被编程且适于接收来自感测设备的输出并根据来自感测设备的输出控制鞋类物品或足部容纳装置的特征;以及(c)提供至少部分与鞋类物品或足部容纳装置接合的距离监测系统,其中距离监测系统被编程且适于检测和/或储存标示与鞋类物品或足部容纳装置的使用相关的速度信息或距离信息的数据。 Such methods may include: (a) that the sensing device engaged with the article of footwear or foot-receiving device (e.g., during footwear manufacturing, at retail or use properties, etc.), wherein the sensing device is positioned and / or adapted when a foot-receiving device, the sensing contact with the article of footwear or foot-receiving device and wherein between the at least one contact surface; (b) providing a control system, the control system is programmed and adapted receives the output from the sensing device and controlling the output from the sensing device wherein an article of footwear or foot receiving means; and (c) providing at least part of the engagement means from the monitoring system and receiving the article of footwear or foot, wherein distance monitoring system is programmed and adapted data speed information or distance information and labeling article of footwear or foot-receiving device is used / stored or associated detection. 任选地,如果期望的话,此距离监测系统可接收来自提供控制系统所使用的输入数据的同一个感测设备的输入数据(如,如果感测设备能够检测使用者足部的每一步抬起或落下活动等)。 Optionally, if desired, this distance monitoring system may receive input data from a control system to provide the input data using the same sensing device (e.g., each step if the sensing device can detect a user's foot is lifted or fall activities, etc.).

[0008] 本发明的另外的方法的各方面涉及使用上述类型的鞋类或足部容纳装置系统的示例性方法。 Further aspects of the method [0008] The present invention relates to a footwear or foot of the type described above an exemplary method of receiving device system. 这种方法可包括:(a)使用时,感测鞋类物品(或其他足部容纳装置)与接触面之间的接触或其他相互作用,其中利用至少部分与鞋类物品(或其他足部容纳装置)接合的感测设备来感测接触或相互作用;(b)至少部分根据感测设备的输出来控制鞋类物品(或其他足部容纳装置)的特征;以及(c)至少部分根据感测设备的输出来确定使用者的速度信息或距离信息。 Such a method may comprise: (a) the use of a contact or other interaction between the sensing article of footwear (or other foot-receiving device) and a contact surface, wherein at least a portion of the use of the article of footwear (or other foot- wherein (b) is at least partially controlled according to an output of footwear article sensing device (or other foot-receiving device);; receiving means) engaging a sensing device to sense touch or interaction, and (c) at least in part on output of the sensing device to determine the speed of the user information or distance information.

[0009] 根据本发明这些方面的各种示例性方法还可以包括接收至少部分用于设置和/ 或控制鞋类物品(或其他足部容纳装置)的特征的使用者输入,以用于如匹配或设置使用者偏好等。 [0009] According to various aspects of these exemplary methods of the present invention may further comprise at least a receiving portion for setting and / or control of the article of footwear (or other foot-receiving device) a user input feature, such as a match for user preferences or settings. 还可以包括任选地在板上、附着到或离开鞋类物品(其他足部容纳装置)的相同的或不同的设备以给使用者或其他人提供速度和/或距离信息或其他信息。 Optionally further may include the plate, attached to or away from the article of footwear (other foot-receiving device) in the same or a different user or other device to provide speed and / or distance information, or other information.

[0010] 附图简述 [0010] BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0011] 通过参考以下结合附图的描述,可以获得对本发明及其某些优势的更全面的理解,其中相同的参考数字表示相同的特征,且在图中: [0011] reference to the following description taken in conjunction, can be obtained more complete understanding of the present invention and certain advantages, in which like reference numbers indicate like features, and in the drawings:

[0012] 图1阐述了根据本发明的可以在其中利用或实施本发明各方面的示例性系统和/ 或示例性环境的概述; [0012] Figure 1 illustrates the use of which may be in accordance with aspects of the present invention or the exemplary system overview and / or exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the environment;

[0013] 图2阐述了可以根据本发明实施例使用的示例性系统的示意图; [0013] Figure 2 illustrates a schematic diagram of a possible exemplary embodiment using the exemplary system embodiment of the present invention;

[0014] 图3A到图3C阐述了鞋类物品的实施例,鞋类物品包括作为根据本发明实施例的控制系统的主动式冲击衰减控制系统; [0014] FIGS. 3A to 3C illustrates an embodiment of an article of footwear, a footwear comprising the active damping control system according to an embodiment of the impact of the control system of the present invention;

[0015] 图4阐述了示例图,其阐述了来自感测设备(如图3A到3C的感测设备)的输出可以怎样用来提供基于计步器的速度和/或距离信息; [0015] FIG 4 illustrates an exemplary diagram that illustrates the output from the sensing device (sensing device in FIG. 3A-3C) may be used to provide what pedometer based speed and / or distance information;

[0016] 图5阐述了鞋类物品的实施例,鞋类物品包括根据本发明实施例的具有使用者输入和显示特征的控制系统; [0016] Figure 5 illustrates an embodiment of an article of footwear, an article of footwear includes a control system having a user input and display features of the embodiments of the present invention;

[0017] 图6阐述了用于鞋类物品的鞋底构件的实施例,其包括作为根据本发明实施例的控制系统的外旋和/或内旋减轻或消除特征(pronation and/orsupination reduction or elimination feature); [0017] Figure 6 illustrates an embodiment of a sole member for an article of footwear, which includes a screw according to and / or outer rotation control system according to an embodiment of the present invention to reduce or eliminate features (pronation and / orsupination reduction or elimination feature);

[0018] 图7阐述了鞋类物品的实施例,其包括作为根据本发明实施例的控制系统的附着摩擦力控制系统; [0018] FIG. 7 illustrates an embodiment of an article of footwear, which includes a traction control system control system according to an embodiment of the present invention;

[0019] 图8阐述了鞋类物品的实施例,其包括作为根据本发明实施例的控制系统的鞋类韧性控制系统;以及 [0019] FIG 8 illustrates an embodiment of an article of footwear, which includes a control system for controlling the toughness of footwear system according to an embodiment of the present invention; and

[0020] 图9阐述了鞋类物品的实施例,其包括作为根据本发明实施例的控制系统的鞋类合脚性或紧固系统的紧固性控制系统(tightness control systm)。 [0020] FIG. 9 illustrates an embodiment of an article of footwear, a footwear comprising a control system according to the embodiment of the present invention fit fastening or fastening system of the control system (tightness control systm).

[0021] 详细描述 [0021] Detailed Description

[0022] 在下述参考附图的本发明的各种示例性的实施方案的描述中,附图形成了本发明描述的一部分,且附图是通过阐述可以在其中实施本发明的各种示例性系统和环境来显示的。 [0022] In the description of various embodiments of an exemplary embodiment of the present invention described below with reference to the drawings, the accompanying drawings which form a part of the present invention is described, and the accompanying drawings which is in various exemplary embodiments of the present invention is set forth by systems and environments to be displayed. 应该理解,可以采用其他特定布置的部件、示例性的系统和环境,且可以进行结构和功能上的改动而并不背离本发明的范围。 It should be understood that other specific arrangements of parts employed, the exemplary systems and environments, and modifications may be made in the structure and function without departing from the scope of the invention. 而且,虽然在此说明书中使用了词汇“顶部”、“底部”、“侧面”、“前面”、“后面”、“上面”、“下面”、“之下”、“之上”和类似词汇以描述本发明的各种示例性特征和元件,但是此处使用这些词汇只是为了方便,如基于显示在附图中的示例性方向。 Further, although the word "top", "bottom", "side" in this specification, "front", "rear", "above", "below", "below", "above" and similar expressions in various example features and elements of the present invention are described, but these terms used herein for convenience only, as an exemplary display based on the direction in the drawings. 此说明书中的任何事物都不应认为是具体要求了结构的三维方向以便落入本发明的范围。 Everything in this specification should not be considered specific requirements of the three-dimensional directions so as to fall within the scope of the configuration of the present invention.

[0023] 为了帮助阅读者,此说明书被分成如下所述的不同的小节:术语;根据本发明的足部容纳装置系统以及制造和使用其的方法的综述;以及本发明的具体实施例。 [0023] To assist the reader, this specification is divided into different sections as described below: The term; and the synthesis device system according to the manufacture and use thereof of the present invention is a method of receiving a foot; and specific examples of the present invention.

[0024] A.术语 [0024] A. The term

[0025] 下面的术语用在此说明书中,且除非以其他方式注明或从上下文清楚地看出,这些术语具有下面提供的意思。 [0025] The following terms are used in this specification, and unless otherwise noted or clear from the context, these terms have the meanings provided below.

[0026] “足部容纳装置”意指使用者放置他或她的足部的至少一部分的任何装置。 [0026] "foot-receiving device" means any device that at least part of the user places his or her foot. 除了所有类型的鞋类(下面所述)外,足部容纳装置包括,但不限于:用于将足部稳固在雪撬、越野雪撬、滑水橇、滑雪板等上的捆绑物(binding)和其他装置;用于将足部稳固在用于自行车、运动装置等的踏板上的捆绑物、夹具或其他装置;用于在玩视频游戏或其他游戏期间容纳足部的捆绑物、夹具或其他装置;以及类似物。 In addition to all types of footwear (described below), foot- receiving devices include, but are not limited to: bindings for the foot firmly on the sled, cross-country skis, water skis, snowboards and the like (Binding) and other means; means for securely in the foot bindings on a bicycle pedal, moving means or the like, a clip or other means; means for playing a video game during a game or other receiving a foot bindings, clips or other device; and the like.

[0027] “鞋类”意指穿着在足部上的任何类型的产品,此术语包括,但不限于:所有类型的鞋、靴、运动鞋(sneaker)、凉鞋、人字拖鞋(thong)、夹趾拖鞋(flip-flop)、无跟拖鞋(mule)、平底拖鞋(scuff)、拖鞋(slipper)、专项运动鞋(例如高尔夫球鞋、网球鞋、棒球鞋、英式足球鞋或足球鞋、滑雪靴等),以及类似物。 [0027] "Footwear" means any type worn on the foot of the product, this term includes, but is not limited to: all types of shoes, boots, sneakers (Sneaker), sandals, flip-flops (Thong), flip-flops (flip-flop), no heel slippers (mule), flat slippers (scuff), slippers (slipper), sport-specific shoes (such as golf shoes, tennis shoes, baseball shoes, soccer shoes or football shoes, ski boots, etc.), and the like. “鞋类”可防止足部受到外界的伤害和/或提高穿着者的行为能力(如:身体上的、生理上的、医学上的等等)。 "Shoes" by outsiders to prevent foot injury and / or improve the capacity of the wearer (such as:,, physical medicine on the body, and so on).

[0028] “足部覆盖构件”包括足部容纳装置的一个或多个部分,其在穿鞋者足部的至少一些部分上延伸和/或至少部分覆盖穿鞋者足部的至少一些部分,如以便帮助将足部容纳装置固定在穿鞋者的足部上和/或使足部容纳装置相对于穿鞋者的足部保持在适当位置。 [0028] "Foot-covering members" include one or more portions of a foot-receiving device, which extends on at least some portion of the wearer's foot and / or at least partially covers the wearer's foot at least some portions, as the foot-receiving device to help fixed on the wearer's foot and / or foot-receiving device of the wearer's foot held in position with respect to. “足部覆盖构件”包括,但不限于,设置在某些常规鞋类产品上的鞋面构件类型。 "Foot-covering members" include, but are not limited to, the type of the upper member disposed on some conventional footwear products.

[0029] “鞋面支撑构件”包括足部容纳装置的一个或多个部分,其至少部分在穿鞋者足部的至少一些部分的下面延伸,如以便帮助支撑足部和/或衰减反作用力,如在足部容纳装置中踩下时,穿鞋者足部受到的反作用力。 [0029] "upper support member" includes one or more portions of the foot means receiving, at its portion below at least some portion of the wearer's foot extending at least, such as to assist in supporting the foot and / or attenuating the reaction force , such as when depressing the foot-receiving device, the reaction force received by the wearer's foot. “足部支撑构件”包括,但不限于,设置在某些常规鞋类产品上的鞋底构件类型。 "Foot-supporting members" include, but are not limited to, the type of sole member provided on some conventional footwear products. 这样的鞋底构件可包括常规的鞋外底、鞋底夹层和/或鞋内底构件。 Such sole members may include conventional outsole outer, midsole and / or insole members.

[0030] “地面接触元件”或“地面接触构件”包括足部容纳装置结构的在使用中接触地面或接触任何其他表面的至少一些部分,和/或足部容纳装置结构的在使用中接合另一个元件或结构的至少一些部分。 [0030] "ground-contacting elements" or "ground-contacting members" include any other foot-receiving portions at least some contact with the ground or contact surface, in use of the apparatus structure, and / or configuration of a foot-receiving device engaging, in use, the other at least some portions of a component or structure. 这样的“地面接触元件”可包括,但不限于,如设置在某些常规鞋类产品内的鞋外底元件。 Such "ground-contacting element" can include, but are not limited to, as provided in some conventional footwear outer product outsole element. “地面接触元件”在至少某些示例性结构中可以由合适的或常规的材料形成以提供长期的穿着、附着摩擦力以及保护足部和/或防止足部容纳装置的其余部分受磨损影响,如当使用中接触地面或其他表面时。 "Ground-contacting element" at least some example structures may be formed from suitable or conventional materials to provide long wear, traction, and protect the foot and / or the rest of the affected foot-receiving device to prevent wear, such as when used in contact with the ground or other surface.

[0031] B.根据本发明的足部容纳装置以及制造和使用其的方法的综述 [0031] B. Summary receiving apparatus and methods of making and using thereof according to the present invention the foot

[0032] 本发明的一些方面通常涉及鞋类系统和其他足部容纳装置系统。 Some aspects of the [0032] present invention relates generally to footwear systems and other foot-receiving device system. 如图1所示,图1 通常阐述了本发明的实施例和可在其中应用本发明的示例性环境,一个或多个单独的鞋类物品100(如运动鞋类或其他足部容纳装置)可配备一个或多个感测设备102,如性能或地面相互作用测量设备。 1, FIG. 1 generally illustrates an embodiment of the present invention is applied and in which an exemplary environment of the present invention, one or more individual articles of footwear 100 (such as athletic footwear or other foot-receiving device) It may be equipped with one or more sensing devices 102, such as performance or interaction ground measurement device. 感测设备102可以被编程且适于当使用鞋类物品时,感测或收集与鞋类物品100和接触面(如,地面、地板等)之间的接触的至少一个特征有关的信息(如, 在运动赛事、训练或其他活动中对接触面的冲击力等)。 Characteristic information relating to at least a touch sensing device 102 may be programmed and adapted when using the article of footwear, the sensing or collecting footwear and a contact surface 100 (e.g., ground, floor, etc.) between (e.g. in sporting events, training or other activities impact on the contact surface, etc.). 来自感测设备102的输出可以提供给控制系统104,其任选地可以包括安装在鞋类物品100内或安装在鞋类物品100上的微处理器,且随后,控制系统104可用于控制或改变鞋类物品100的至少一个特征(任选地,自动地,无需另外的使用者输出)。 Output from the sensing device 102 may be provided to control system 104, which optionally may include a mounting within the article of footwear 100 or the microprocessor on the article of footwear 100, and subsequently, the control system 104 may be used to control or changing at least one characteristic of the article of footwear (optionally, automatically, without additional user output) 100. 虽然根据来自感测设备102的输出可以改变或控制鞋类物品100的任何期望数目或类型的特征,但是改变或控制的类型的更具体的实施例包括:改变或控制由鞋类物品100,如由鞋底构件提供的冲击衰减量;改变或控制足部冲击特征以引起内旋、外旋或其他步态的矫正构型;改变或控制鞋类紧固系统(如,鞋带、带子、带扣等)的紧固性;改变或控制附着摩擦力特征;改变或控制足部的合脚性特征;改变或控制鞋类的韧性特征。 While the article of footwear may be varied or controlled in any desired number or types of features 100, change or control the output from the sensing device 102 of the type more specific embodiments include: changing or controlled by the article of footwear 100, such as provided by the sole member impact attenuation; alter or control features foot impact to cause internal rotation, external rotation, or other gait correction configuration; change or control the footwear fastening system (e.g., laces, straps, buckles etc.) of fastening; change or control the traction characteristics; altered or controlled to fit the characteristics of the foot; change or control flexibility characteristics of the footwear.

[0033] 另外,如图1的实施例所示,当使用者106移动时,感测设备102还可以能够提供(且可以被编程并适于提供)标示每次使用者下踩在鞋类物品100内时的信息。 [0033] Further, as shown in Example 1, when the user moves 106, the sensing device 102 may also be capable of providing (and may be programmed and adapted to provide) the user at each designated step in article of footwear information at 100. 此脚步信息可以被根据本发明至少一些实施例的系统和方法所利用以提供给距离监测系统,如用于检测和/或储存与鞋类物品100的使用相关的速度信息和/或距离信息的系统。 This information may be utilized by the pace accordance with at least some embodiments of the system and method of the present invention to provide a distance monitoring system, such as for detecting and / or store associated with the use of the article of footwear 100 speed information and / or distance information system. 换句话说, 用于给上述示例性系统提供鞋类特征控制信息的所感测到的鞋类物品100和接触面之间的相互作用还可以用于提供速度和/或距离信息(如,计步器型的速度和/或距离信息)。 In other words, for providing a footwear wherein the above-described exemplary system control information interaction between the article of footwear 100 and the contact surface sensed may also be used to provide speed and / or distance information (e.g., the pedometer type speed and / or distance information). 如果期望的话,此速度和/或距离数据可以储存在存储器中(如,包括在鞋类物品100的板上的存储器、设置有外围设备的存储器等),如用于稍后使用和/或分析,和/或其可以如经由任选地作为控制系统104或鞋类物品100的一部分而被包括在内的无线发射设备108发射或以其他方式由使用者106或其他人使用。 If desired, the speed and / or distance data may be stored (such as a memory, comprising a memory board article of footwear 100 is provided with a peripheral device, etc.) in a memory, such as for use and / or later analysis and / or optionally may be as via a control system 104 as part of article of footwear 100 or 108 is transmitted or otherwise used by the user 106 or others, including wireless transmission equipment. 任选地,如果期望的话,感测设备102、控制系统104、和/或鞋类物品100可包括能够在将数据或其他信息发射给使用者106或其他人之前处理所收集的数据的一个或多个微处理器或其他数据处理能力。 Optionally, if desired, the sensing device 102, the control system 104, and / or capable of footwear 100 may include one of data or other information to the user 106 or transmit the collected data prior to processing or others more microprocessors or other data processing capability.

[0034] 数据或期望的信息可按任何期望的方式传送给使用者106或其他人而并不偏离本发明,如,传送给设置有显示设备112的无线接收器110。 [0034] The data or desired information may be transmitted in any desired way to the user 106 or others without departing from the present invention, as transmitted to a wireless receiver is provided with a display device 110, 任选地,如果期望的话,显示设备112可配置有一个或多个微处理器以能够开始处理由感测设备102、控制系统104和/或鞋类物品100发送的原始数据,以能够进一步处理发送的数据和/或信息。 Optionally, if desired, the display device 112 may be configured with one or more microprocessors to be able to start processing 102, control system 104 and / or raw data transmitted by the article of footwear sensing device 100 to be further processed data transmission and / or information. 任何类型的信息,如速度和/或距离信息、时间信息、GPS信息、鞋类设置信息等都可经由显示设备112呈现给使用者106(或其他人)。 Any type of information, such as speed and / or distance information, time information, GPS information, and other information can be provided shoes presented to the user 106 (or others) via the display device 112. 作为更具体的实施例,显示设备112可包括各种电子设备,如便携的,使用者携带的设备,如表、PDA型设备、手机、MP3或其他音频播放器、头戴式显示设备、呼机型设备、头戴受话器或耳机等。 As a more specific embodiment, the display device 112 may include various electronic devices such as portable, user carried devices, such as a table, PDA type devices, mobile phones, MP3 or other audio player, a head mounted display device, call type equipment, such as headset or earphones. 还可以提供任何类型的“显示设备”,如音频设备、视频设备、音频/视频设备、字母数字显示器等。 It may also be provided any type of "display device", such as audio equipment, video equipment, audio / video apparatus, an alphanumeric display or the like.

[0035] 如果期望的话,显示设备112(就另一个设备而言)也可以被编程且适于接收使用者输入,如用于控制系统104的控制或设置信息等。 [0035] If desired, the display device 112 (in terms of another device) can also be programmed and adapted to receive user input, such as setting information for controlling the control system 104 or the like. 在此示例性构型中,显示设备112可配置有发射器或其他输出设备,其发送数据给位于鞋类物品内或位于鞋类物品上的接收器或其他输入设备。 In this exemplary configuration, the display device 112 may be configured with a transmitter or other output device, which transmits data to located within the article of footwear, or a receiver or other input device on the article of footwear. 如果期望的话,在本发明的至少一些实施例中,设备108和110可以能够执行发射和接收功能。 If desired, in at least some embodiments of the present invention, the devices 108 and 110 may be able to perform transmit and receive functions.

[0036] 根据使用的示例性环境的普遍实施例和一般描述,本发明的多个示例性方面将在下面得到更详细的描述,包括与根据本发明的足部容纳装置系统的示例性结构部件有关的各种示例性特征;制造这种系统的方法;以及使用这种系统的方法。 [0036] According to the exemplary embodiment generally used and the environment in general description, a plurality of exemplary aspects of the present invention will be described in more detail below, including the exemplary structural member and the foot-receiving device system according to the present invention. various example features relating; a method for producing such a system; and a method of using such a system.

[0037] 1.根据本发明的示例性足部容纳装置系统 [0037] 1. The receiving apparatus according to an exemplary system of the present invention the foot

[0038] 一般来说,本发明的各方面涉及足部容纳装置系统,如鞋类物品(如,运动鞋类等),其包括足部覆盖构件(如鞋面构件)以及与足部覆盖构件接合的足部支撑构件(如鞋底构件,任选地包括鞋内底、鞋底夹层和/或鞋外底部分)。 [0038] In general, aspects of the present invention relates to a foot-receiving device systems, such as articles of footwear (e.g., athletic footwear, etc.), including a foot-covering member (e.g., an upper member) and a foot-covering member foot-supporting member (e.g., a sole member, optionally including an insole, midsole and / or outsole portions) engaged. 足部容纳装置系统还包括与足部覆盖构件或足部支撑构件的至少其中一个接合的感测设备,其中感测设备适于当使用足部容纳装置时,感测使用者的足部和足部容纳装置之间的相互作用的至少一个特征(如, 行走过程中,足部容纳装置和其接触面和/或使用者的足部之间的相互作用)。 Foot-receiving device system further comprises a sensing device wherein the at least one engagement with the foot-covering member or the foot-supporting member, wherein the sensing device is adapted when a foot-receiving device, and measuring the user's foot sensing foot the at least one characteristic of the interaction between the receiving portion means (e.g., during walking, the foot-receiving device and the interaction between the contact surface and / or the user's foot). 感测设备可将其输出发送至控制系统,且随后,控制系统可用于根据感测设备的输出来控制足部容纳装置(如足部支撑构件)的至少一个特征。 Sensing device may send its output to the control system, and subsequently, the control system can be used to control at least one characteristic of the foot-receiving device (such as a foot-supporting member) according to an output of the sensing device. 足部容纳装置系统还可以配置有监测系统,其用于检测和/或储存标示与足部容纳装置的使用相关的速度信息或距离信息的数据。 Foot-receiving device system may also be configured with a monitoring system for detecting and / or store the data indicated the foot speed information or distance information associated with the use of the receiving apparatus. 任选地,如果期望的话,此监测系统可接收来自用于提供数据至控制系统的同一个感测设备的输入。 Optionally, if desired, the monitoring system may receive input from the same sensing device to provide data to the control system.

[0039] 控制系统可用于控制足部容纳装置系统的各种不同的特点或特征。 [0039] The control system means for controlling various systems of different features or characteristics of the foot receiving. 例如,控制系统可以被编程且适于:(a)控制由足部支撑构件提供的冲击衰减量(如,通过改变足部支撑构件的至少一部分的刚度、通过改变足部容纳装置的至少足跟部分的冲击衰减等);(b)控制足部容纳装置的一个或多个部分的冲击衰减量以便减轻或消除足部容纳装置使用时的内旋和/或外旋;(c)控制由,如足部容纳装置的地面接触构件(如,由鞋外底构件)提供的附着摩擦程度;(d)控制足部容纳装置的至少一个部分(如足弓、鞋面构件、脚趾部分等) 的韧性度;(e)控制足部容纳装置放置使用者足部的方式的至少一个方面(如,通过控制施加到用于足部容纳装置的紧固系统的紧固度、通过控制足部覆盖构件的合脚性、通过控制足部支撑构件的合脚性等);以及类似的。 At least the heel (a) by controlling the impact of the foot-supporting member provides an attenuation amount (e.g., by changing the stiffness of at least a portion of the foot-supporting member, by changing the foot-receiving device: for example, the control system may be programmed and adapted portion of the impact attenuating the like); (B) the control device or a plurality of impact of the foot-receiving portion to reduce or eliminate the amount of attenuation of pronation and / or supination of the foot-receiving device during use; (c) controlled by the the ground-contacting member of the foot-receiving device (e.g., the outsole member) attached to the degree of friction offered; (d) control means at least one foot-receiving part (e.g. the arch, the upper member, the toe portion and the like) at least one aspect (e) of the foot mode control means receiving a user's foot is placed (e.g., applied to the fastening of the fastening system for the foot-receiving device by controlling, by the control foot covering member; tenacity fit of, the fit, etc.) to control the foot-supporting member; and the like. 任选地,如果期望的话,控制系统可响应感测设备的输出并以自动或“智能”的方式控制足部容纳装置的特征或特点(如,无需使用者输入来自动地改变各步之间的设置值等)。 Optionally, if desired, the output of the control system in response to sensing devices and automatic or "smart" manner or characteristic control foot-receiving device features (e.g., without user input to automatically change between the steps setting values, etc.).

[0040] 根据本发明的至少一些实施例,各种外围设备也可以与足部容纳装置配套使用。 [0040] According to at least some embodiments of the present invention, various peripheral devices may be received using a device supporting the foot. 例如,可以提供与控制系统通信的外围设备,用于将使用者输入提供至控制系统(如,以允许至少部分使用者控制控制系统、以允许远距离使用者控制、以允许有关通常的设置值、偏好或范围的使用者输入等)。 For example, a peripheral device may be provided with a communication control system for providing user input to the control system (e.g., to allow a user to control at least partially the control system to allow a remote user to control, typically to allow the relevant set values , preferences, or user input range and the like). 此相同的或不同的外围设备还可以用于将信息提供至使用者, 如有关控制系统的状态或设置值的信息;由监测系统汇总、检测或产生的信息(如,速度信息或距离信息);地图、道路或线路报警或其他信息;和/或其他任何期望的音频、视频、字母数字或其他信息。 This same or different peripheral devices may also be used to provide information to a user, such as information about the status of the control system or set value; summarized by the monitoring system, information detected or generated (e.g., speed information or distance information) ; maps, road or line alarm or other information; and / or any other desired audio, video, letters, numbers or other information. 任选地,外围设备的尺寸、形状和重量设计成以便成为便携的且易于由足部容纳装置系统的使用者携带的(如,以便能够在行动、运动赛、日常训练过程中容易携带、以便能够使装置被包括在足部容纳装置、使用者、使用者的衣服内或附着到其上等;等 Optionally, the size, peripheral devices, designed to shape and weight of the user so as to be received by the portable and easily carried by a foot device of the system (e.g., so as to be easily carried in action, sporting events, daily training process in order to the device can be included within the foot-receiving device, a user, the user's garment or attached to its upper; et

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[0041] 将信号提供至控制系统和/或监测系统的感测设备可以是任何合适或期望的形式而并不偏离本发明,包括,如压力传感器、力传感器、霍耳效应传感器系统、应变计、压电元件、测压元件、接近传感器、光传感器、过载传感器、电容传感器、电感传感器、超声传感器和接收器系统、射频发射器和接收器系统、磁阻元件等。 [0041] The sensing signal to the control device and / or monitoring system can be any suitable or desired form without departing from the invention, including, such as a pressure sensor, a force sensor, a Hall effect sensor system, gauge , a piezoelectric element, a load cell, a proximity sensor, light sensor, the overload sensor, capacitive sensor, inductive sensor, ultrasonic sensor and receiver system, a radio frequency transmitter and receiver system, a magnetoresistive element.

[0042] 如上所述,本发明的至少一个更具体的方面涉及包括鞋类控制系统以及速度和/ 或距离监测系统的鞋类系统。 [0042] As described above, the present invention is at least one more specific aspect relates to a footwear control system and the speed and / or distance monitoring system of the footwear system. 根据本发明的这些实施例的鞋类系统的一些更具体的实施例可包括:(a)包括鞋面构件和鞋底结构的鞋类物品;(b)与鞋类物品接合的感测设备,其中感测设备适于当使用鞋类物品时,感测鞋类物品与接触面之间的接触的至少一个特征;(C) 鞋类控制系统,其根据来自感测设备的输出来控制鞋类物品的特征;以及(d)至少部分与鞋类物品接合的速度和/或距离监测系统,其用于检测和/或储存标示与鞋类物品的使用相关的速度和/或距离信息的数据。 According to some more specific examples of these footwear system according to embodiments of the present invention may include: (a) an article of footwear including an upper member and a sole structure; (b) with a sensing device engaged with the article of footwear, wherein when the sensing device is adapted to use an article of footwear, wherein the at least one sensing contact between the test article and the contact surface of the footwear; (C) the footwear control system that controls an article of footwear based on output from the sensing device feature; and (d) the article of footwear engagement portion of at least the speed and / or distance monitoring system for detecting and marking speed or storage associated with the use of the article of footwear and / or data / distance information. 任选地,如果期望的话,速度和/或距离监测系统可使用来自上述感测设备的输入。 Optionally, if desired, the speed and / or distance monitoring system may use inputs from the aforementioned sensing devices.

[0043] 2.制造根据本发明实施例的足部容纳装置系统的方法 [0043] 2. Manufacturing method of an embodiment of the present invention the foot-receiving device system according to

[0044] 本发明的另外方面涉及用于提供包括如上述类型的控制系统和速度和/或距离监测系统的鞋类和/或其他足部容纳装置系统的方法。 [0044] Further aspects of the invention relate to providing a control system of the type as described above and the speed and / or distance monitoring system of footwear and / or other foot-receiving device system. 这种方法可包括:(a)使感测设备与鞋类物品或其他足部容纳装置接合(如,在鞋类制造过程中、在零售处或使用场所等), 其中感测设备适于当使用鞋类物品或其他足部容纳装置时,感测鞋类物品或其他足部容纳装置与接触面或使用者的足部之间的接触的至少一个特征;(b)提供控制系统,该控制系统被编程且适于接收来自感测设备的输出并根据来自感测设备的输出来控制鞋类物品或其他足部容纳装置的特征;以及(C)提供至少部分与鞋类物品或其他足部容纳装置接合的速度和/或距离监测系统,其中速度和/或距离监测系统被编程且适于检测和/或储存标示与鞋类物品或其他足部容纳装置的使用相关的速度信息或距离信息的数据。 Such a method may comprise: (a) that the sensing device with an article of footwear or other foot-receiving device engages (e.g., during footwear manufacturing, at retail or use properties, etc.), wherein when the sensing device is adapted the at least one characteristic using the article of footwear or other foot-receiving device, or other article of footwear sensing contact between the foot-receiving device and the contact surface or the user's foot; (b) providing a control system, which controls the system is programmed and adapted to receive an output from the sensing device and controls the device of the article of footwear or other foot-receiving the output from the sensing device; and (C) providing at least a portion of the article of footwear or other foot- receiving means engaging the speed and / or distance monitoring system, wherein the speed and / or distance monitoring system is programmed and adapted to detect and / or store the article of footwear or other marked with foot-receiving device related to the use of speed information or distance information The data. 任选地,如果期望的话,此速度和/或距离监测系统可接收来自提供控制系统所使用的输出的同一个感测设备的数据。 Optionally, if desired, the speed and / or distance monitoring system may receive data from the same sensing device providing output control system is used. 在根据本发明的各种示例性方法中,控制系统和/或监测系统可以是上述类型和/或可以被编程且适于控制和/或执行上述各种功能。 In various exemplary methods in accordance with the present invention, the control system and / or monitoring system may be the type described above and / or may be programmed and adapted to control and / or perform various functions described above.

[0045] 另外,根据本发明的至少一些实施例的方法还可以包括提供外围设备。 [0045] Further, the present invention provides a peripheral apparatus according to at least some embodiments the method may further include. 外围设备可执行各种功能,包括,如:将使用者输入提供至控制系统;提供信息给使用者或其他人(如,关于控制系统的状态或设置值的信息;由监测系统汇总、检测或产生的信息(如,速度信息或距离信息);报警信息;和/或其他任何期望的音频、视频、字母数字或其他信息); 等等。 Peripheral device may perform various functions, including, for example: the user input to the control system; providing information to a user or other people (e.g., information about the state of the control system or set value; summarized by the monitoring system, detecting or information (e.g., speed information or distance information) generated; alarm message; and / or any other desired audio, video, alphanumeric or other information); and the like. 任选地,外围设备的尺寸、形状和重量设计成以便成为便携的且易于由足部容纳装置系统的使用者携带的(如,以便能够在行动、运动赛、日常训练过程中容易携带;以便能够被安装到鞋类物品、服饰品或一种运动装备上;等等)。 Optionally, the size, peripheral devices, designed to shape and weight of the user so as to be received by the portable and easily carried by a foot device of the system (e.g., so as to be easily carried in action, sporting events, daily training process; for It can be mounted to an article of footwear, apparel or athletic equipment materials; and the like). [0046] 3.使用根据本发明实施例的足部容纳装置系统的示例性方法 [0046] 3. The method of using the exemplary embodiment of the present invention, the foot-receiving device system according to

[0047] 根据本发明的另外方法的各方面包括用于使用如上述类型的含有控制系统和速度和/或距离监测系统的鞋类或其他足部容纳装置系统的方法。 [0047] The method comprises a footwear or other foot-and control system comprising speed and / or distance monitoring system of the type described above receiving device system according to further aspects of the method of the present invention is used for. 这种方法可包括:(a)当使用鞋类物品或其他足部容纳装置时,感测鞋类物品或其他足部容纳装置与接触面或使用者的足部之间的接触,其中利用至少部分与鞋类物品或其他足部容纳装置接合的感测设备来感测接触;(b)至少部分根据感测设备的输出来控制鞋类物品或其他足部容纳装置的特征;以及(c)至少部分根据感测设备的输出来确定使用者的速度信息或距离信息。 Such a method may comprise: (a) when using the article of footwear or other foot-receiving device, the contact between the device and the contact surface of the user's foot or sensing or other foot-receiving article of footwear, wherein the use of at least portion of the article of footwear or other foot-receiving device engages sensing device to sense contact; (b) at least in part to control other features of the article of footwear or foot-receiving device according to the output of the sensing device; and (c) at least in part determines the speed information or the user information based on the output from the sensing device. 在根据本发明这些方面的各种示例性方法中,控制系统和/或速度和/或距离监测系统可以是上述类型和/或可以被编程且适于控制和/或执行上述各种功能。 In various aspects of these exemplary methods according to the present invention, the control system and / or speed and / or distance monitoring system may be the type described above and / or may be programmed and adapted to control and / or perform various functions described above.

[0048] 根据本发明这些方面的各种示例性方法还可以包括接收使用者的输入,此输入至少部分地被用于控制鞋类物品或其他足部容纳装置的特征。 [0048] According to various exemplary aspects of the present invention the method may further comprise receiving a user's input, this input is used to at least partially control the features of the article of footwear or other foot-receiving device. 此使用者输入可以,如通过鞋类上安装的输入系统、通过与鞋类物品分离并远离鞋类物品的设备等被输入。 This user input may be, as determined by the input system installed on the footwear, is input through the separation device away from the article of footwear and the article of footwear and the like. 相同或不同的外围设备也可以被包括在内以为鞋类物品或其他足部容纳装置的使用者(或其他使用者)提供速度和/或距离信息。 The same or different peripheral devices may also be included that the user (or another user) receiving the article of footwear or other foot means provide a speed and / or distance information. 这些方法中所包括的设备可以是便携式的以便如在使用鞋类物品的过程中作为鞋类物品的一部分而容易被使用者携带、容易夹到使用者衣服的带子或其他部分、容易穿戴到使用者的胳膊或腿上等。 These methods included in the device may be portable so as during use of the article of footwear as part of an article of footwear user easily carried, easy to clip to the belt or other portion of the user's garment, worn easy to use person's arm or leg and so on.

[0049] 根据本发明实施例的结构的具体实施例将在下面得到更详细的描述。 [0049] According to a particular embodiment of a structure of an embodiment of the present invention will be described in more detail below. 阅读者应该理解提出这些具体的实施例和结构仅仅是为了阐述本发明,而不应该被理解为限制本发明。 Reader should understand that these specific embodiments presented structure and merely to illustrate the invention and should not be construed as limiting the present invention.

[0050] C.本发明的具体实施例 Specific Example [0050] C. according to the present invention

[0051] 本申请中的不同附图阐述了根据本发明实施例的鞋类物品或其他足部容纳装置产品的实施例。 [0051] The present application different figures set forth embodiments of an apparatus according to an article of footwear products housed embodiment of the present invention or other embodiments of the foot. 当相同的参考数字出现在多于一副的附图中时,在整个说明书和附图中前后一致地使用此参考数字以指代相同或类似的部件。 When the same reference number appears in more than one of the drawings, around the entire specification and drawings of this reference numerals used consistently to refer to the same or like parts.

[0052] 如上所述,图1通常阐述了本发明的实施例和在其中使用本发明的示例性环境, 鞋类物品100(如运动鞋类)或其他足部容纳装置配置有感测设备102、控制系统104以及速度和/或距离监测系统。 [0052] As described above, FIG. 1 generally illustrates an embodiment of the present invention and the environment in which the present invention using the exemplary article of footwear 100 (such as athletic footwear) or other foot-receiving device 102 with a sensing means arranged , and a speed control system 104 and / or distance monitoring system. 感测设备102可包括用于在活动过程中(如在训练、运动赛事或其他运动活动过程中)感测和/或收集信息的探测器或感测设备。 The sensing device 102 may include a process for activity (e.g., training, or other sports events during athletic activity) sensing and / or the detector or sensing devices to collect information. 感测设备102、控制系统104和/或鞋类物品100还可以包括处理能力和/或发射/接收能力以将信息提供给鞋类物品使用者106(或其他人)和/或接收来自鞋类物品使用者106(或其他人)的信息。 Sensing device 102, the control system 104 and / or the article of footwear 100 may further include processing capabilities and / or transmission / reception capabilities to provide information to the footwear user 106 (or others) and / or receiving from the footwear user of the article 106 (or others) information. 可经由通信设备112,如表、PDA型设备、手机、MP3或其他音频播放器、头戴式显示设备、呼机型设备、RF设备、红外发射器等将期望的信息呈现给使用者106(或其他人)和/或接收来自使用者106(或其他人)的输入。 112 may, as shown in Table, PDA type devices, mobile phones, MP3 or other audio player, a head mounted display device to the desired information, pager type device, the RF device, infrared transmitter 106 and the like presented to the user (via the communication device or others) and / or receiving input from the user 106 (or others) a. 可替代地或另外地,如果期望的话,(根据感测设备102产生的输出)所感测到的信息可用于自动地改变或控制鞋类物品100本身的特征或特点(如,控制鞋类物品的冲击衰减特征等),或者用于改变或控制其他设备,且提供或不提供速度、距离和/或其他信息给使用者106 (或其他人)。 Alternatively or additionally, if desired, (according to the output of the sensing device 102 generates a) sensed information may be used to automatically alter or control article of footwear 100 feature or characteristic itself (e.g., control of the article of footwear impact-attenuating characteristics, etc.), or to modify or control other devices, and or may not provide speed, distance, and / or other information to the user 106 (or others).

[0053] 图2示意性地阐述了示例性的元件和示例性的装置或系统200,其可以被包括在内作为含有通常结合图1描述的控制和/或距离监测能力的整个鞋类或足部容纳装置系统的一部分。 [0053] FIG. 2 schematically illustrates exemplary components and exemplary device or system 200, which may be included as a control throughout the footwear or foot and / or distance monitoring capability comprising generally described in conjunction with FIG. 1 receiving a portion of the portion of the device system. 此实施例的系统200包括监测元件202,其包括适于感测当使用鞋类物品时,鞋类物品和接触面或使用者的足部之间的接触或相互作用的至少一个特征的感测设备204。 The system 200 of this embodiment includes a monitoring element 202, which includes the use of adapted to sense when an article of footwear, the article of footwear and a contact between the contact surface or the user's foot or the at least one characteristic of interaction of a sensing device 204. 此示例性结构200中的监测元件202可安装在鞋类物品中和/或构建成鞋类物品的一部分,如安装在鞋类物品的鞋底构件中或成为鞋底构件的一部分,如安装在鞋底夹层中。 This exemplary structure of the monitoring element 200 may be mounted in an article of footwear 202 and / or constructed as part of an article of footwear, such as the sole member mounted on the article of footwear or become part of the sole member, as installed in the midsole in. 任选地,如果期望的话,感测设备204可以与监测元件202分离,以及任选地,感测设备204可以(如经由有线或无线连接等)向监测元件202发送信号。 Optionally, if desired, the sensing device 204 may be separate from the monitoring element 202, and, optionally, the sensing device 204 may (e.g., via a wired or wireless connection, etc.) sends a signal to the monitoring element 202.

[0054] 与鞋类物品和接触面或使用者的足部之间的接触或相互作用相关的数据可以在感测设备204处被测量,且可以被发送至微处理器206和/或储存在存储器208中。 [0054] The sensing device 204 can be measured and the contact between the article of footwear and a contact surface or the user's foot or related data interaction, and may be sent to the microprocessor 206 and / or stored in memory 208. 根据从感测设备204测量的数据,微处理器206可以控制一个或多个设备210,如作为鞋类物品的一部分来控制鞋类物品的特征而被包括在内的设备。 The measurement data from the sensing device sensing 204, the microprocessor 206 may control one or more devices 210, such as part of an article of footwear for an article of footwear control features are included in the device. 作为更具体的实施例,以及如下面将更详细地解释的,感测设备204可以感测鞋类物品的鞋底夹层构件的压缩量。 As a more particular embodiment, and as explained in more detail below, sensing device 204 may sense the amount of compression of the midsole member measured article of footwear. 根据感测到的鞋底夹层的压缩程度,微处理器206可控制设备210以增大或减小至少一部分鞋底构件的刚度。 The degree of compression of the midsole sensed, the microprocessor 206 may control the device 210 to increase or decrease the stiffness of at least a portion of the sole member. 这样,监测元件202可用于主动地和/或自动地控制鞋类物品的冲击衰减特征, 而无需额外的使用者输入。 Thus, the monitor element 202 may be used to actively and / or automatically control the impact attenuation characteristics of an article of footwear, without requiring additional user input. 此类型的冲击衰减控制和其他受控设备210的各种实施例将在下面做出更详细地描述。 This type of impact attenuation control and various other controlled devices will be made of Example 210 described in more detail below. 当然,如果期望的话,受控设备210可以作为监测元件202的一部分被包括在内而并不偏离本发明。 Of course, if desired, the controlled device 210 may be used as part of the monitoring element 202 is included without departing from the present invention.

[0055] 除了提供有关鞋底夹层的压缩程度或使用者的足部和鞋类物品之间的相互作用的其他方面的信息外,此示例性系统的感测设备204还能够感测使用者的每一步(如,鞋底夹层随着每一步将略微压缩)。 [0055] In addition to the other information about the interactions between the midsole to provide the degree of compression or the user's foot and the footwear, the sensing device 204 of this exemplary system is also capable of sensing each user step (eg, midsole with every step will be slightly compressed). 如果期望的话,以及如下面更详细地解释的,检测与使用者的每一步对应的信息可以被根据本发明至少一些实施例的系统和方法所使用以收集与使用的鞋类物品有关的计步器型的速度和/或距离信息。 If desired, and as explained in more detail below, the step of detecting information corresponding to each user may be used by systems and methods according to at least some embodiments of the present invention to a pedometer for use with the article of footwear related to the collection type speed and / or distance information. 此速度和/或距离信息可以储存在存储器208中,如用于实时分析或稍后分析、显示、处理、检查等。 This speed and / or distance information may be stored in memory 208, such as a real-time analysis or for later analysis, display, processing, and inspection. 任选地,如果期望的话, 速度和/或距离信息可按任何期望的方式,如通过有限或无线连接(阐释在图2的实施例中的无线通信系统)发射到另一个设备212,如外围显示设备,以便能够在训练或比赛进行时,实时地将速度和/或距离信息显示给使用者。 Optionally, if desired, the speed and / or distance information may be any desired manner, such as by finite or wireless connection (Explanation of the wireless communication system in the embodiment of FIG. 2) is transmitted to another device 212, such as the peripheral a display device, so as to be performed during training or competition in real time the speed and / or distance information displayed to the user. 如上所述,此设备212可以是任何类型的显示设备,如音频显示设备,视频显示设备、字母数字显示设备或者类似的。 As described above, this device 212 may be any type of display device, display devices such as audio, a video display device, an alphanumeric display device, or the like. 用于此目的的可能的设备212的更具体的实施例包括:表或其他臂戴式显示设备、PDA型设备、手机、MP3 或其他音频播放器、头戴式显示设备、呼机型设备等。 The apparatus 212 may be used for this purpose and more specific examples include: Other tables or arm-worn display device, PDA type devices, mobile phones, MP3 or other audio player, a head mounted display device, a pager type device, etc. .

[0056] 如图2进一步显示的,设备212还可以包括使用者输入系统,其用于接收使用者的输入并将其引入监测系统202。 [0056] As further shown in FIG. 2, device 212 may further include a user input system for receiving user input and introduced into the monitoring system 202. 当然,使用者输入系统可以用于任何目的而并不偏离本发明,如:用于请求来自监测元件202的信息(如计步器型速度和/或距离信息,步数信息、 或其他可利用的信息);用于设置控制系统中所使用的参数(如,设置一般的冲击衰减特征等);用于与其他设备通信;用于与设备212的其他特征相互作用(如,请求时间、高度、或GPS信息;设置设备212的时间、显示或其他特征;等)。 Of course, the user input system may be used for any purpose without departing from the present invention, such as: information (e.g. pedometer type speed and / or distance information, step-number information from the monitoring element 202 for requesting, or other available information); means for setting the control parameters used in the system (e.g., general set impact attenuation characteristics, etc.); for communicating with other devices; other features for interaction with device 212 (e.g., request time, H , or GPS information; time setting device 212, or other display features; etc.). 此输入系统可包括任何类型的输入设备,如按钮、键、开关、声音识别/输入、数字转换器/触针输入(stylus input)等。 This input system may comprise any type of input device, such as buttons, keys, switches, voice recognition / input digitizer / stylus input (stylus input) and the like.

[0057] 鞋类物品(或其他足部容纳装置)的各种特征可以受根据本发明的系统和方法控制,且另外地,也可以使用各种不同类型的感测设备(如磁传感器、霍耳效应传感器、光或其他辐射传感器、压力传感器、压电传感器、过载传感器、陀螺仪传感器、光传感器等)。 [0057] Various features of the article of footwear (or other foot-receiving device) may be controlled by the method and system according to the present invention, and in addition, may be used various types of sensing devices (e.g., magnetic sensor, Hall ear effect sensors, light or other radiation sensor, a pressure sensor, a piezoelectric sensor, an overcurrent sensor, a gyro sensor, an optical sensor). 一个更具体的实施例涉及根据感测到的鞋底夹层和/或鞋类物品的其他部分的压缩程度来主动/自动地控制鞋类物品的冲击衰减特征。 A more specific embodiment relates to a sensed midsole and / or other portions of the degree of compression of the article of footwear to active / automatically controlled impact attenuation feature of the article of footwear sense. 例如,当鞋底夹层压缩相当大的量,如由感测设备204感测到的,根据本发明至少一些实施例的监测元件202可以感测此大的压缩量并自动激活设备以便增大鞋类物品的至少一些部分的刚度。 For example, the midsole compression when a substantial amount, such as by the sensing device 204 is sensed, at least some embodiments of the monitoring element 202 may sense the present invention, sensing of this large amount of compression and automatically activate the device to increase the footwear at least some of the stiffness of the portion of the object. 另一方面,当确定感测到的鞋底夹层的压缩非常微弱时,如任选地,尽管与接触面或使用者的足部相当坚硬的接触,根据本发明至少一些实施例的监测元件202可感测到此事实并自动激活设备以便增大鞋类物品的至少一些部分的刚度特征。 On the other hand, when it is determined the sensed midsole compression very weak, such as optionally, although the contact surface or the user's foot relatively rigid contact with at least some embodiments of the monitoring element 202 in accordance with the present invention may be sensing a stiffness characteristic of at least some portion of the fact that this measurement and automatically activate the device to increase the article of footwear. 可提供独立的使用者输入,如设置用于期望冲击衰减量的较宽的参数(如,使用者偏好使用坚硬的鞋底夹层对使用者偏好使用柔软的鞋底夹层等),以取代自动设置的冲击衰减水平等。 Provide independent user input, such as setting parameters for a wider impact attenuation desired (e.g., user preferences with hard midsole of a soft midsole user preferences, etc.), to replace the shock of the automatic setting attenuation levels.

[0058] 各种探测器类型、系统和方法可以用于提供自动地冲击衰减控制而并不偏离本发明。 [0058] The various types of detectors, the systems and methods may be used to provide automatic impact attenuation control without departing from the present invention. 例如,描述在美国专利US6430843、美国专利申请公开No. 2003/0009913和美国专利申请公开No. 2004/0177531中的已知系统可用于主动和/或动态地控制根据本发明至少一些实施例的鞋类物品的冲击衰减特征(美国专利US6430843、美国专利申请公开No. 2003/0009913和美国专利申请公开No. 2004/0177531的每一个在此完全引入作为参考)。 For example, described in US Patent US6430843, U.S. Patent Application Publication No. 2003/0009913 and U.S. Patent Application Publication No. actively and / or dynamically controlling at least some embodiments of the shoe according to the present invention, known systems can be used 2004/0177531 impact attenuation characteristics of the article class (U.S. Patent No. US6430843, US Patent application Publication No. 2003/0009913 and U.S. Patent application Publication No. every 2004/0177531 fully incorporated herein by reference).

[0059] 图3AJB和3C阐述了可包括在根据本发明至少一些实施例的监测和/或控制系统内的装置、元件和部件的更具体的实施例。 [0059] FIG. 3C illustrates 3AJB and may be included in embodiments according to some more specific embodiment at least monitor and / or devices, elements and components within the control system embodiment of the present invention. 正如这些图所示,鞋类物品350(或其他足部容纳装置)的鞋底构件300包括鞋底夹层构件302和鞋外底构件304。 As shown in these figures, the article of footwear 350 (or other foot-receiving device) of the sole member 300 includes a midsole member 302 and outsole member 304. 在此示例性的鞋底结构300中,在鞋底夹层302和鞋外底304之间界定的区域内设置有监测和/或控制系统以及与此配套的感测设备。 The sole structure 300 exemplary, in the region between the midsole 302 and outsole 304 is provided with a defined monitoring and / or control system, and this sensing device package. 更具体地说,在此示例性结构中,提供下部支撑板306和上部支撑板308 (任选地,分别与鞋外底构件304和鞋底夹层构件302整体形成),以及部分监测和控制系统设置在这些板306和308之间。 More specifically, in this exemplary structure, there is provided a lower support plate 306 and the upper support plate 308 (optionally, respectively, and the outsole member 302 is formed integrally and midsole member 304), and part of the monitoring and control system is arranged in between the plates 306 and 308. 这些任选的上部支撑板和下部支撑板308和306 可以被分别包括在内,如有助于将监测和/或控制系统的至少一些部分维持在特别的预先确定的方位。 These optional upper support plate and the lower support plate 308 and 306, respectively, may be included, such as help at least some portions of the monitoring and / or control system is maintained at a particular predetermined orientation. 如果期望的话,监测和/或控制系统的至少一些部分可设置在界定于鞋底夹层构件302内的腔310中。 If desired, at least some portions of the monitoring and / or control system may be disposed within a cavity 310 defined in the midsole member 302. 鞋底夹层302可以由常规的材料和/或以常规的方式制成,如现有技术中已知的和使用的。 The midsole 302 may be made of conventional materials / are made in a conventional manner, as known in the prior art and and or use.

[0060] 根据本发明至少一些实施例的监测和/或控制系统可包括由根据感测设备的输出来驱动的致动系统314(下面将更详细地描述)。 [0060] According to the invention at least some of the monitoring and / or control system according to the embodiment may include a sensing device in accordance with an output to drive the actuation system 314 (described in more detail below). 此致动系统314可包括驱动器316(如电动机)和可调整元件318。 This actuator system 314 may include a driver 316 (e.g., motor) and the adjustable member 318. 监测和/或控制系统还可以包括如接近传感器、磁场传感器、霍耳效应传感器、过载传感器等的传感器320、磁体322和相关电路。 Monitoring and / or control system 320 may also include a magnet 322, and associated circuitry, such as sensor proximity sensors, magnetic sensors, Hall effect sensors, overload sensor. 一般来说,如果期望的话,监测和/或控制系统可呈通常的结构和/或阐述和描述在美国专利申请公开No. 2004/0177531 中的形式。 Generally, if desired, to monitor and / or control system may be in the conventional structure and / or illustrated and described in U.S. Patent Application Publication No. 2004/0177531 forms.

[0061] 在阐释在图3A到3C的示例性结构中,传感器320位于可调整元件318的下面,而磁体322与传感器320垂直间隔开并位于可调整元件318的上面。 [0061] In the exemplary configuration illustrated in the FIGS 3A to 3C, the sensor 320 is located below the adjustable element 318 and the magnet 322 and the sensor 320 is located above and spaced apart vertically adjustable member 318. 可使用任何期望类型的磁体322而并不偏离本发明,如钕铁孔型磁体(neodymium iron bore type magnet)或其他已知的或常规的磁体(如永磁体)。 Using any desired type of magnet 322 without departing from the present invention, such as neodymium iron magnet hole (neodymium iron bore type magnet) or other known or conventional magnet (permanent magnet). 传感器320相对于磁体322的实际位置和/或间距可以显著改变,以例如适用于特定的应用,如用于测量和/或改变鞋底构件300(如鞋底夹层构件302)的可压缩性。 Sensor 320 relative to the actual position of the magnet 322 and / or the spacing may vary considerably, for example, suitable compressibility to specific applications, such as for measuring and / or changing the sole member 300 (e.g., a midsole member 302). 在阐述的示例性结构300中,传感器320和磁体322位于通常与鞋类物品350的鞋后部部分(如,在使用者的跟骨或脚跟下面)出现最大压缩的区域对应的位置。 In the exemplary configuration illustrated in 300, the sensor 320 and the magnet 322 is in a normal shoe rear part of the article of footwear 350 (e.g., the user's heel or calcaneus below) occurrence position corresponding to maximum compression region. 在这样的结构中,传感器320和磁体322可以在鞋底构件300的外侧面和内侧面之间的大体中心处,且可以在使用者足部的后面向前约25mm和约45mm之间。 In such a configuration, the sensor 320 and the magnet 322 may be substantially at the center between the outer surface and the inner surface of the sole member 300, and may be between 45mm behind the user's foot forwards about 25mm and about.

[0062] 如果期望的话,整个监测和/或控制系统,或者至少部分监测和/或控制系统可以封闭在密封的、防水的封闭物中。 [0062] If desired, the entire monitoring and / or control system, or at least partially monitoring and / or control system may be enclosed in a sealed, watertight closure in. 致动系统314可包括驱动器316。 Actuation system 314 may include a driver 316. 更具体地说,在至少一些示例性的布置中,驱动器316可包括电动机3M和传送元件326。 More particularly, in at least some exemplary arrangement, the driver 316 may include a motor and a transmission element 326 3M. 可用于控制鞋底夹层构件302的刚度或“弹性”的可调整元件318可包括限制器(Iimiter) 328、膨胀元件330以及阻挡构件332。 May be used to control the stiffness of the midsole member 302, or "elasticity" of the adjustable element 318 may comprise a limiter (Iimiter) 328, the expansion element 330 and a blocking member 332. 在特别阐释的实施例中,驱动器316包括由双向电动机3M和形成传送元件326的螺杆形成的丝杠传动(lead screw drive)。 In the particular embodiment illustrated embodiment, the driver 316 comprises a spindle drive (lead screw drive) is formed by a reversible electric motor 3M formed screw conveying member 326. 如果期望的话,在本发明的至少一些实施例中,发动机3M可以是用在模型飞机或其他类似的小型电子物体中的无线电控制的伺服电动机类型。 If desired, in at least some embodiments of the present invention, the engine may be a 3M type servo motor in the model airplane or other similar small electronic radio control object. 螺杆(threaded rod) 3¾可以由任何期望的材料,如钢、不锈钢等构造。 A screw (threaded rod) 3¾ may be made of any desired material, such as steel, stainless steel construction.

[0063] 电动机3¾可机械地连接到传送元件3¾以按照顺时针或逆时针方向驱动传送元件326。 [0063] The motor may be mechanically coupled to 3¾ transfer member according to 3¾ driven clockwise or counterclockwise transport element 326. 传送元件3¾可以设计成螺纹接合限制器3¾并相对于膨胀元件330横向定位限制器3¾ (参见图:3B中的双头箭头)。 3¾ transfer element may be designed as a threaded engagement 3¾ restrictor 330 positioned laterally with respect to the expansion element 3¾ restrictor (see FIG: 3B in the double-headed arrow). 在此阐释的示例性结构300中,因为限制器3¾与传送元件3¾螺纹接合,其避免了相对于电动机3M和鞋类物品旋转,且因此一旦在此示例性结构300中设置好位置,就无需动力来维持限制器328的位置。 In this illustrated example structure 300, since the limiter 3¾ 3¾ threaded engagement with the transmission member which rotates relative to the motor to avoid 3M and footwear, and thus the set position once in this exemplary structure 300, there is no need power to maintain the position limiter 328. 例如,致动系统314可含有足够的摩擦力,且在传送元件3¾上设置有牙足够细的细牙螺纹以在鞋跟撞击或其他下踩活动的过程中或为响应鞋跟撞击或其他下踩活动,防止传送元件3¾的无意旋转。 For example, actuation system 314 may contain a sufficient frictional force, and is provided with teeth sufficiently fine fine threads on the transport element to 3¾ during the heel strike or other activity or step or other impact response at the heel step activity, preventing inadvertent rotation of the transfer element 3¾. 当然,各种传感器和控制元件的其他布置也是可以的而并不偏离本发明。 Of course, other arrangements of the various sensors and control elements are possible without departing from the present invention. 作为更具体的实施例,驱动器316可包括任何类型的旋转式或线性致动器、齿轮系、连杆机构(linkage)或其组合, 而并不偏离本发明。 As an example, a more specific embodiment the drive 316 may comprise any type of rotary or linear actuator, a gear train, a link mechanism (Linkage), or combinations thereof, without departing from the present invention.

[0064] 在所阐释的示例性结构300中,膨胀元件330构成了具有细长的圆形截面或大体椭圆形截面的大体圆柱形元件。 [0064] In the illustrated example structure 300, the expansion element 330 having an elongate form a substantially circular or oval cross section a generally cylindrical element. 虽然膨胀元件330的形状可以是这样的,但其弓形末端并不必须是半圆形。 Although the shape of the expansion element 330 may be a, but not necessarily semi-circular arcuate tip. 弓形末端的半径可以被选择以便适合特定的应用,如提供预先确定的弯曲量,等等。 The radius of the arcuate tip may be chosen to suit a particular application, such as providing a predetermined amount of bending, and the like. 而且,这些末端的尺寸可以改变,以例如当受到垂直的压缩载荷时,控制膨胀元件330的纵向膨胀量。 Also, the size of these ends can be altered, for example, when subjected to vertical compressive loads, the control amount of longitudinal expansion of the expansion element 330. 一般而言,半径越大或末端部分的尺寸越大,受到垂直压缩载荷时, 纵向膨胀就有可能越大。 Generally, the larger the radius, or when the size of the larger end portion, by the vertical compressive load, the greater longitudinal expansion is possible. 膨胀元件330可以被构建成以便具有坚固的外壁,以及任选地,如果期望的话,具有泡沫材料或其他弹性材料的可压缩的芯子。 The expansion element 330 may be constructed so as to have a solid outer wall, and optionally, if desired, having a core of foam or other compressible elastomeric material. 用于膨胀元件330的尺寸、形状和材料可以自由选择,如以适应特定的应用。 Element 330 for expanding the size, shape and materials can be freely selected as to suit a particular application. 作为更具体的实施例,膨胀元件330可以由塑料或聚合物材料构造而成,如,类似DESMOPAN ® ( 一种可以从德国Leverkusen的Bayer As a more specific embodiment, the expansion element 330 may be constructed from a plastic or polymer material, e.g., similar DESMOPAN ® (a way from Bayer Leverkusen, Germany

AG购得的热塑性聚氨酯材料)、PEBAX ® ( 一种可以从法国Riteaux的Atofina Corp.购 AG commercially available thermoplastic polyurethane material), PEBAX ® (commercially available from Atofina Corp. a way of French Riteaux

得的聚合物-嵌段共聚酰胺聚合物)等的热塑性材料。 The resulting polymer - block co-polyamide polymers) such as a thermoplastic material. 在至少一些实施例中,膨胀元件330 或至少其外壁可以制成整体的单一构件,如通过注射成型或通过其他合适或期望的方法, 包括现有技术中已知的常规方法。 In at least some embodiments, elements 330, or by other suitable or desired method, the conventional methods known in the prior art, at least the outer wall may be made of a single integral member, such as by injection molding or comprises an expansion.

[0065] 如果期望的话,传送元件3¾可以延伸穿过膨胀元件330并连接到阻挡构件332。 [0065] If desired, the transfer member may extend through 3¾ expandable member 330 and connected to the blocking member 332. 阻挡构件332可用于防止膨胀元件330在离开限制器328的方向上运动。 Blocking member 332 for preventing the expandable member 330 may be moved in a direction away from the limiter 328. 可替代地,如果期望的话,可以通过腔310的后壁或鞋底结构的其他部分来实现阻挡构件332的功能,且可以省略阻挡构件332而并不偏离本发明。 Alternatively, if desired, may be achieved by a sole structure or other portions of the rear wall 310 of the cavity 332 of the blocking member function, the blocking member 332 and may be omitted without departing from the present invention. 在鞋底结构内还可以提供多种其他结构性变化形式而并不偏离本发明。 Within the sole structure may provide a variety of other structural variations without departing from the present invention.

[0066] 监测和/或控制系统用于改变鞋类物品350的冲击衰减特征以响应所测得的参数,如响应所测得的鞋底夹层构件302的压缩,就这种应用方式而言,描述了可调整元件318的一般操作。 [0066] monitoring and / or control system for changing the impact of the article of footwear 350 in response to an attenuation characteristic of the measured parameters, such as the midsole member 302 in response to the measured compression manner to this application, the description the general operation of the adjustable element 318. 当垂直力(如,踩压、跳着落地等)作用到膨胀元件330时,其压缩。 When the vertical force (e.g., crushes, dancing floor, etc.) is applied to the expansion element 330, compression. 为响应压缩,膨胀元件330在水平方向膨胀。 In response to the compression, the expansion element 330 expands in the horizontal direction. 限制器3¾控制/限制膨胀元件330可能经历的运动或水平膨胀的量。 3¾ limiter control / limit the amount of expansion elements 330 may undergo movement or horizontal expansion. 当水平运动受到限制时,垂直运动也将会受到限制,由此通过控制限制器328的位置能够控制鞋底夹层构件的稳固性或触感。 When the horizontal movement is limited, the vertical movement will also be restricted, thereby stability can be controlled or feel of the midsole member 328 by controlling the position of the limiter. 因此,通过控制限制器328的位置,可以控制鞋类物品350的总的冲击衰减特征。 Thus, by controlling the position of the limiter 328, to control the total impact attenuation characteristics of an article of footwear 350.

[0067] 监测和/或控制系统可用于主动地和/或自动地控制当使用者踩压鞋类物品350、 跳着落地等时,由使用者引起的鞋底夹层构件302压缩的量。 It can be used to actively and / or automatically controlled when the user depressing the article of footwear 350, dancing floor or the like, the midsole member 302 due to the user the amount of compression [0067] monitoring and / or control system. 举个例子,当穿着类似阐释在图3A到3C中的鞋类物品350的使用者在大步走或其他活动中接合接触面时,垂直力经由鞋底构件300或使用者的足部施加到膨胀元件330。 For example, when a user wearing the like explained in FIGS. 3A to 3C article of footwear 350 engages a contact surface in other activities or stride, the vertical force is applied to the sole via an expandable member 300 or the user's foot element 330. 此力造成膨胀元件330在接地过程中膨胀,直到膨胀元件330接触限制器3¾为止,由此控制鞋底构件300中所经受的压缩的量。 This force causes the expansion element 330 expands in the course of the ground, until the expansion element until the 3¾, thereby controlling the amount of compression of the sole member 300 in contact with the limiter 330 is subjected.

[0068] 在压缩过程中,作为此示例性系统中的监测和/或控制系统的一部分而被包括在内的感测设备320测量磁体322的场强度。 [0068] In the compression process, as part of the monitoring and / or control system of this exemplary system are included in the sensing device 320 measures the field strength of the magnet 322. 在此阐释的示例性结构中,感测设备320设置成接近鞋底夹层构件302的底部,而磁体322设置成接近鞋底夹层构件302的顶部,且膨胀元件330位于其中。 In this illustrated exemplary configuration, the sensing device 320 disposed near the bottom of the midsole member 302 and the magnet 322 disposed close to the top of the midsole member 302, and the expansion element 330 located therein. 随着磁体322移动接近感测设备320,如当鞋底夹层构件302在,如迈步过程中,跳着落地时等受到压缩时,感测设备320检测到的磁场强度发生变化。 As the magnet 322 moves closer to the sensing device 320, such as a midsole member 302, as compressed during the move, when the dancing floor and the like, the strength of the detected magnetic field 320 sensing device is changed. 所感测的磁场内的变化量或其他变化形式可对应于迈步的力(如成比例的,等)。 Or other variations of the amount of change in the sensed magnetic field may correspond to a swinging force (e.g., proportional, and the like). 作为监测和/或控制系统的一部分而被包括在内的微处理器334可以被编程且适于使此磁场强度转变一距离(如,鞋底夹层构件302的压缩距离)。 As part of the monitoring and / or control system is included in the microprocessor 334 may be programmed and adapted to make a transition from this magnetic field strength (e.g., the midsole member 302 compression distance). 距离的变化(以及因此的所测得的磁场强度的变化)标示鞋底夹层构件302已经压缩的程度。 Changes (and hence changes in the measured magnetic field strength) from the midsole member 302 has indicated the degree of compression. 监测和/或控制系统的微处理器334 随后可以根据变化距离或压缩测量结果输出信号至致动系统314,以便由此自动地,且实时地改变鞋类物品350的冲击衰减特征(如,根据从监测和/或控制系统接收的信号来改变鞋底夹层结构302的硬度或压缩度)。 The microprocessor 334 to monitor and / or control system may then change according to the distance or compression measurement output signal to the actuation system 314 to thereby automatically and in real-time changing attenuation characteristics (e.g., impact article of footwear 350, in accordance with the signal monitoring and / or control system receives the structural rigidity changing midsole 302 or degree of compression). 如果期望的话,可以使两步之间的腾空移动自动地改变冲击衰减特征,同时比赛或行动继续进行(如,所测得的高的鞋底夹层压缩程度或力可导致鞋底夹层的“硬化”和/或所测得的低的鞋底夹层压缩程度或力可导致鞋底夹层的“软化”)。 If desired, can move between the two steps vacated automatically modify the impact attenuation characteristics, and continue the game or action (e.g., the higher measured midsole compression forces may lead to midsole or the "hardening" and / or low measured midsole compression forces may lead to midsole or the "softening").

[0069] 当然,可以采用改变鞋底夹层构件302的硬度或压缩度的其他结构而并不偏离本发明。 [0069] Of course, other structures or by changing the hardness degree of compression of the midsole member 302 without departing from the present invention. 更具体的实施例包括空气或流体填充囊(如,其中用压力或体积的变化来改变硬度或压缩度)、活塞型系统、液压型系统、气动型系统等。 More specific embodiments include an air or fluid-filled bladder (e.g., wherein the pressure or volume change hardness or to change the degree of compression), piston systems, hydraulic systems, pneumatic systems and the like. 鞋类物品的冲击衰减特征还可以在鞋类物品的任何位置变化而并不偏离本发明,如在内侧、外侧、或足部的中部、前足、足弓、足中或足后部部分等一处或多处位置变化。 Impact attenuation characteristics of an article of footwear without departing from further be at any position change of the article of footwear of the present invention, as the inside, outside, or middle, forefoot, arch, midfoot, or foot of a rear portion of the foot, etc. changes at one or more positions.

[0070] 鞋底夹层构件302的压缩检测还可以作为步数指示器用于根据本发明至少一些实施例的系统和方法中,由此允许监测和/或控制系统也提供基于计步器的信息和/或其他速度和/或距离信息。 [0070] The compression of the midsole member 302 may also be used to detect the number of steps as an indicator in accordance with at least some embodiments of the system and method of the present invention, thereby allowing to monitor and / or control system may also provide pedometer based information and / or other speed and / or distance information. 此数据可以储存在存储器336中,显示在鞋类物品上,和/或以其他方式提供给使用者,如通过有线或无线连接(一般的发射/接收设备338阐释在图3A和3B中)。 This data may be stored in the memory 336, the display on the article of footwear, and / or otherwise provided to the user, such as by wired or wireless connection (generally transmitting / receiving apparatus 338 explained in FIGS. 3A and 3B). 可提供任何类型的速度和/或距离类的信息和/或可使用任何类型的数据传送系统而并不偏离本发明,包括,如使用描述在美国专利US57M^5、US5955667、US6018705、 US6052654、US6876947和US6882955中的算法和/或系统类型,每一个专利在此全文引入作为参考。 May provide any type of speed and / or distance type information and / or may use any type of data transmission system without departing from the present invention, it comprises the use as described in U.S. Patent No. US57M ^ 5, US5955667, US6018705, US6052654, US6876947 US6882955 and the algorithm and / or system types, each hereby incorporated by reference.

[0071] 图4阐述了可以由感测设备(如传感器320)产生的输出的实施例以及其用于控制冲击衰减和提供基于计步器的速度和/或距离信息的用途。 [0071] Figure 4 illustrates an embodiment that may be produced by the sensing device (e.g., sensor 320) output and to the use thereof for controlling the impact attenuating and provide pedometer based speed and / or distance information. 如图4所示且如上所述,感测设备320 (如,霍耳传感器或其他磁传感器)可以产生标示所测得的磁体322的磁场强度的输出。 As described above and shown in FIG. 4, the sensing device 320 (e.g., a Hall sensor or other magnetic sensors) may generate a magnetic field intensity of the output is indicative of the measured magnet 322. 由于鞋底夹层的压缩(如在迈步、跳着落地等过程中),所测得的磁场强度的大小可随时间而改变(如,经过迈步过程等)。 Due to the compression of the midsole (e.g., move in, jumping during landing, etc.), the size of the measured magnetic field strength may change over time (e.g., move through the process, etc.). 在迈步循环中,若所测得的磁场强度的峰值降低到预先确定的下阈值380之下,那么可以认为鞋类物品350的冲击衰减特征太硬了(如,鞋底夹层并不能提供足够的压缩),且可以将限制器3¾移动到能够使膨胀元件300更膨胀的位置。 In the swing cycles, if the measured peak magnetic field strength drops below a predetermined lower threshold 380, the impact may be considered an article of footwear 350 is too hard damping characteristic (e.g., the midsole can not provide sufficient compression ), and the stopper may be moved to 3¾ the expansion element 300 can be more expanded position. 另一方面,在迈步循环中,若所测得的磁场强度的峰值升高到预先确定的上阈值382 之上,那么可以认为鞋类物品350的冲击衰减特征太弹性了(如,鞋底夹层提供了过多的压缩),且可以将限制器3¾移动到能够使膨胀元件300较少膨胀的位置。 On the other hand, the swing cycle, if the measured peak magnetic field strength rises above the predetermined threshold 382, ​​the impact may be considered an article of footwear 350 is too elastic the attenuation characteristics (e.g., to provide a midsole excessive compression), and the stopper may be moved to 3¾ expandable member 300 can be made less expanded position. 这样,来自感测设备320的输出可用于自动地控制鞋类物品的冲击衰减特征。 Thus, the output from the sensing device 320 may be used to automatically control the impact attenuation characteristics of an article of footwear.

[0072] 然而,此同样的传感器数据也可用于提供“步数”信息(如,因为鞋底夹层构件的压缩,可以感测使用者的每一步)。 [0072] However, this same sensor data may also be used to provide a "number of steps" information (e.g., because the compression of the midsole member, each step of sensing may sense a user). 例如,如图4所示,每次当所感测到的磁场强度超过某一阈值384时,根据本发明至少一些实施例的系统和方法可以认为使用者已经迈步了。 For example, as shown in FIG. 4, each time when the sensed magnetic field strength 384 exceeds a certain threshold, the system according to the present invention and methods of some embodiments may be considered to move at least the user has. 利用此步数数据,连同标示使用者步长的数据(如,先前由使用者输入的数据、先前测量的、在计量的路径上测量的、从特定使用者高度的平均值推出的等)、经历时间数据以及类似的数据,根据本发明该实施例的系统和方法可以测量和/和显示给使用者(或其他人)基于计步器的速度和/或距离信息(如距离=步数X步长;速度=距离/经历时间等)。 With this step-number data, along with data associated with a user step (e.g., by the data previously entered by the user, the previous measurement, the measurement on the path of measurement, deduced from the average height of a particular user, etc.), elapsed time data and similar data, the system and method of this embodiment of the present invention can be measured and / or displayed to the user and (or others) pedometer based speed and / or distance information (e.g., number of steps = distance X step; speed = distance / elapsed time, etc.).

[0073] 正如上面结合图1到3C的描述,如果期望的话,根据本发明至少一些实施例的系统和方法可以结合一个或多个外围设备来操作,外围设备如提供信息给使用者的设备、接收使用者输入的输入(如步长数据等)的设备、接收来自其他来源(如,GPS数据、地图数据等)的输入的设备等。 [0073] As described above in conjunction with FIGS. 1 to 3C, if desired, at least some of the present invention is a system and method of embodiments may be combined with one or more peripheral devices operate according to the peripheral device such as providing information to the user equipment, receiving user input from the input (e.g., step data, etc.) of the device, the receiving device inputs from other sources (e.g., GPS data, map data, etc.) and the like. 在上述各种阐述的实施例中,监测和/或控制系统和/或速度和距离监测系统可经由远程或无线连接与外围设备通信。 In the various embodiments set forth in the above-described embodiments, the communication may be to monitor and / or control system and / or the speed and distance monitoring system via a remote or wireless connection with the peripheral devices. 可使用任何期望类型的连接、通信系统和/或通信协议而并不偏离本发明。 Using any desired type of connection, a communication system and / or communications protocols without departing from the present invention.

[0074] 然而,并不需要使用者输入、外部输入或信息源、和/或显示设备远离监测和/或控制系统和/或速度和距离监测系统和/或并不需要以无线方式与其通信。 [0074] However, the user does not need to input an external input, or information sources, and / or a display device remote monitoring and / or control system and / or the speed and distance monitoring system and / or does not need to communicate in a wireless manner. 例如,如果期望的话,可使用与无线连接相反的有线连接、电极销或电极连接等。 For example, if desired, be connected using a wired connection with a wireless opposite to the electrode or the electrode pin connections. 另外,如果期望的话,使用者输入、外部输入或其他信息源(如,GPS道路系统、地图信息等)和/或显示设备可以设置在鞋类物品(或其他足部容纳装置)上,或作为鞋类物品(或其他足部容纳装置)的一部分来提供,或设置成与相关的鞋类物品(或其他足部容纳装置)分离。 Further, if desired, the user inputs, external inputs, or other sources of information (e.g., GPS system roads, map information, etc.) and / or the display device may be disposed on the article of footwear (or other foot-receiving device), or as a portion of the article of footwear (or other foot-receiving device) is provided, or is provided separately from the related article of footwear (or other foot-receiving device). 作为一个更具体的实施例,如图5所示,包括监测和/或控制系统和/或速度和/或距离监测系统(在图5 中通常标示为膨胀元件330)的鞋类物品400还可以包括使用者输入设备402(a)和402 (b) (如,以按钮的形式等),其允许使用者分别输入要求增大或减小鞋底夹层结构压缩度的信息。 The article of footwear as a more specific embodiment of the embodiment shown in Figure 5, including monitoring and / or control system and / or speed and / or distance monitoring system (generally designated in Figure 5 as the expansion element 330) can also be 400 includes a user input device 402 (a) and 402 (b) (e.g., in the form of a button, etc.), which allow a user to respectively increase or decrease the input requirements midsole compression information structure degrees. 作为更具体的实施例,如果期望的话,输入按钮402 (a)和402(b)可用于改变和/或控制限制器328的位置(参见图3A和3B),由此改变鞋底夹层构件302的可能的压缩度。 As a more specific examples, if desired, input buttons 402 (a) and 402 (b) may be used to change the position and / or the control limiter 328 (see FIGS. 3A and 3B), thereby changing the midsole member 302 possible degree of compression. 当然,可设置用于其他目的的使用者输入而并不偏离本发明(如,以提供其他鞋类控制信息、 以控制作为输出而提供的信息、以要求某些输出信息、以输入用在计步器系统中的通常的步幅长度数据或其他信息等)。 Of course, user input may be provided for other purposes without departing from the invention (e.g., to provide control information to other shoes, as an output to the control information provided to request certain information is output to the count input normal stride length data or other information, etc.) in a step system.

[0075] 除了使用者输入设备外,鞋类物品400还可以包括一个或多个显示设备404,其提供各种类型的信息给使用者,如鞋底夹层压缩度设置信息、速度和/或距离信息、和/或任何其他期望的信息。 [0075] In addition to user input devices, the article of footwear 400 further may include one or more display devices 404, which provides various types of information to the user, such as the degree of compression of midsole setting information, speed and / or distance information and / or any other desired information. 例如,显示设备404可以是LED、LCD或类似那些通常用于电子设备的其他显示设备,如表、手机、PDA、MP3或其他便携式音频设备以及类似的设备。 For example, display device 404 may be an LED, LCD or other display device are similar to those commonly used in electronic devices, such as tables, mobile phones, PDA, MP3 or other portable audio devices, and similar devices. 而且,各种显示设备404和/或输入系统402 (a)和402 (b)可以单独安装在鞋类结构400的任何部分上而并不偏离本发明,如安装在鞋面构件上、鞋底构件上、鞋类结构400的多于一个的部分上寸。 Further, various display devices 404 and / or input system 402 (a) and 402 (b) can be separately installed on any portion of the footwear structure 400 without departing from the present invention, as mounted on the upper member, a sole member , the footwear structure of an inch more than the upper portion 400.

[0076] 除了控制所提供的冲击衰减量外,还可以控制鞋类物品的其他特征而并不偏离本发明。 [0076] In addition to controlling the impact of the amount of attenuation provided, but also can control other features of the article of footwear without departing from the present invention. 图6阐释了示例性的鞋底结构500,其包括改变使用者步态的设备,以例如有助于纠正(如,减少或消除)使用者步态中的内旋或外旋、有助于使用者更准确地抬起或落地, 或用于其他目的。 FIG 6 illustrates an exemplary structure of the sole 500, which comprises changing gait user equipment, for example to assist correct (e.g., reducing or eliminating) the user gait pronation or supination, facilitates the use of are more accurately raised or landing, or for other purposes. 如所显示的,鞋类物品的鞋底构件500可以包括一个或多个感测设备502(a)和502(b),其感测使用者的足部(或鞋类物品)触击接触面的方式。 As shown, the sole member of the article of footwear 500 may include one or more sensing devices 502 (a) and 502 (b), that senses the user's foot measured (or footwear) strikes the contact surface the way. 感测设备(如, 此实施例中的502(a)和502(b))可以被定位成以便当使用者在他/她的步态中内旋或外旋时感测。 Sensing devices (e.g., in this example 502 (a) and the embodiment 502 (b)) may be positioned so that when a user or external rotation within his / her gait sensed. 感测设备502 (a)和502(b)可以将它们的信号提供给微处理器或监测和/或控制系统504的其他部分,这可以确定,如与足部的每一侧上的足击(footstrike)有关的相对定时和/或力。 Sensing devices 502 (a) and 502 (b) which may be a signal to the microprocessor or monitoring and / or other portions of the control system 504, which may be determined, such as a foot on each side of the foot strike (footstrike) relative timing and / or the forces associated. 微处理器或监测和/或控制系统504的其他部分可以设置成板载鞋类物品(如,在鞋底夹层上,如图3A到3C)或远离鞋类物品,如设置在用于接收使用者输入和/ 或用于为使用者显示信息的外围设备上。 Other portions of the microprocessor or monitoring and / or control system 504 may be provided on-board the article of footwear (e.g., in the midsole, as shown in FIG 3A to 3C) or away from the article of footwear, as provided for receiving user input and / or on the peripheral device is used to display information to the user. 如果在足部的一侧比另一侧相当大或相当早地感测到足击(如,当检测到超过预先确定的内旋或外旋程度时),那么就可以控制设置成鞋类物品的一部分的元件506 (a)和/或506(b)(如,通过上述相同的微处理器或监测和/或控制系统的其他部分或者不同的微处理器或系统)以便改变使用者的步态或足击特征以减少或消除内旋或外旋。 If a large enough or sensed hit quite early in the side of the foot than the other side (e.g., upon detection of the internal or external rotation degree exceeds a predetermined), then it can be arranged to control the footwear a portion of the element 506 (a) and / or 506 (b) (e.g., via the same microprocessor or monitoring and / or other portions of the system or a different microprocessor or control system) to change a user's step state or foot strike characteristics to reduce or eliminate pronation or supination. 作为更具体的实施例,控制元件506(a)和506(b)可以构成根据所施加的压力来膨胀或收缩的空气或流体填充囊、根据所施加的压力而变得更软或更硬的空气或流体填充囊、上文结合图3A到3C所描述类型的膨胀元件、活塞、液压元件、气动元件等。 As a more specific embodiment, the control element 506 (a) and 506 (b) may be formed in accordance with the pressure applied to the expansion or contraction of air or fluid-filled bladder, according to the pressure applied becomes softer or harder air or fluid filled bladders, 3A to 3C above in connection with the expansion element of the type described, of the piston, hydraulic elements, pneumatic elements and the like. 当然,可以使用检测内旋和/或外旋倾向和/或改变鞋类物品或鞋底结构500以减少或消除内旋和/或外旋倾向和/或以其他方式改变使用者的步态或足击特征的任何方式而并不偏离本发明。 Of course, using the detected pronation and / or supination tendency and / or altered or footwear sole structure 500 to reduce or eliminate pronation and / or supination tendency and / or otherwise alter a user's gait or foot characterized hit any manner without departing from the present invention. 而且,如上所述,当使用者持续使用鞋类物品时,可以在步伐之间自动地改变这些变化。 Further, as described above, when the user continuous use of the article of footwear, these changes can be automatically changed between steps.

[0077] 改变个人的步态特征或足击特征的控制元件506 (a)和/或506 (b)可以因任何原因或为了响应所感测到的任何特征而变化而并不偏离本发明。 [0077] The individual changes gait or foot strike characteristics feature control elements 506 (a) / or 506 (b) may be any of the features or in response to sensed changes for any reason and without departing from the present invention. 另外,流体填充囊、活塞、液压元件、气动元件或其他受控元件可以设置在鞋类物品的任何位置上而并不偏离本发明, 如设置在内侧、外侧、或足部的中部、前足、足弓、足中或后足部分等一处或多处位置。 In addition, fluid-filled bladder, pistons, hydraulic elements, pneumatic elements, or other controlled elements may be provided without departing from the present invention at any position on the article of footwear, as provided on the inside, outside, or middle, of the forefoot of the foot, arch, midfoot portion of the foot or the like at one or more positions.

[0078] 因为此示例性鞋底结构500的感测设备502 (a)和502 (b)能够检测足部接触的表面(如每一步),所以用于检测内旋、外旋或其他步态倾向的相同信号还可以用于提供速度和/或距离测量信息,如常规的计步器型速度和/或距离信息而并不偏离本发明。 [0078] For this example sole structure of a sensing device 502 (a) 500 and 502 (b) capable of detecting a contact surface of the foot (e.g., each step), it is for detecting the rotation, external rotation, or other gait propensity the same signal can also be used to provide speed and / or distance measurement information, such as a conventional pedometer type speed and / or distance information, without departing from the present invention. 因此, 按照上文结合图3A到图4描述的相同方式,鞋底构件500内的微处理器和/或其他控制系统504(或另一个微处理器或系统)还可以用于根据一个或多个感测设备502(a)和/或502(b)产生的输出来将速度和/或距离信息如经由远程外围设备、经由鞋上的显示设备等提供给使用者。 Thus, according to the above in conjunction with FIGS. 3A to the same manner as described in FIG. 4, the microprocessor and / or other control systems 500 within the sole member 504 (or another microprocessor or system) may also be used in accordance with one or more an output sensing device 502 (a) and / or 502 (b) generated by the speed and / or distance information, such as via a remote peripheral device, via a display device on the shoes and the like provided to the user.

[0079] 图7阐释了鞋类物品600的另一个实施例,该鞋类物品的特征可以受到自动地控制。 [0079] FIG. 7 illustrates another embodiment of an article of footwear 600, wherein the article of footwear may be automatically controlled. 在此示例性鞋类结构600中,由鞋类物品600提供的附着摩擦力程度可以根据,如在使用者迈步过程中检测到的滑动量而得到控制,如自动地以及任选地,在各步之间的腾空中得到控制。 In this example footwear structure 600, the degree of frictional force provided by attaching an article of footwear 600 may be controlled according to the sliding amount of the user is detected during the swing, such as automatically and optionally, in the between step vacated controlled. 作为更具体的实施例,如图7所示,鞋类物品600可以配置有一个或多个感测设备602,如过载传感器和/或其他设备,其被定位成以便当使用者的足部在迈步过程中滑行或滑动时能够感测。 As a more specific embodiment, as shown, the article of footwear 600 may be configured to 7 with one or more sensing devices 602, such as overload sensors and / or other devices, which is positioned so that when the user's feet capable of sensing when the slide or move during coasting. 当检测到滑行或滑动时(如,超过预先确定的滑行或滑动量,这由设置在微处理器和/或控制系统604的其他部分中的算法确定),微处理器和/或控制系统604 的其他部分(或另一个微处理器或系统)可以被编程且适于改变鞋类物品600的一个或多个特征以便努力提供更好的附着摩擦力。 When detecting the slide or glide (e.g., sliding or exceeds a predetermined slip amount, which is determined by an algorithm provided in other parts of the microprocessor and / or the control system 604), a microprocessor, and / or control system 604 the other portions (or another microprocessor or system) may be programmed and adapted to change an article of footwear 600 or more features in an effort to provide better traction. 更具体地说,根据本发明的至少一些实施例,微处理器和/或控制系统604的其他部分(或另一个微处理器或系统)可以被编程且适于改变鞋的鞋外底构件606的至少一些部分的附着摩擦力特征以便提供更好的附着摩擦力。 More specifically, in accordance with at least some embodiments, a microprocessor, and / or other parts of the control system embodiment (or another microprocessor or system) 604 according to the present invention may be programmed and adapted to change the shoe outsole member 606 Some of traction features to provide at least part of the better traction. 作为更具体的实施例,可以改变鞋的鞋外底构件606的附着摩擦力提供特征,如通过使用包括在鞋外底构件606内的或邻近鞋外底构件606的一种或多种加热元件608来加热鞋外底构件606的材料。 As a more specific embodiment, the shoe may be varied traction outsole member 606 to provide features, such as by using one or more heating elements 606 are included in the outsole member 606 or adjacent the outsole member 608 to heat the material of the outsole member 606. 此类型的加热元件608可用于略微地软化鞋外底构件606的材料,由此在地板或其他表面上提供更好的附着摩擦力。 This type of heating element 608 may be used to soften the material slightly outsole member 606, thereby providing better traction on the floor or other surface.

[0080] 当然,可以使用改变鞋类物品的附着摩擦力特征的其他方法而并不偏离本发明。 [0080] Of course, other methods may be used to change the article of footwear traction characteristics without departing from the present invention. 例如,当检测到滑行或滑动时,微处理器或控制系统的其他部分可以用于自动地缩短包括在鞋类物品内的鞋钉或防滑钉(如,通过旋转出额外的鞋钉或防滑钉长度,经由气动缸、液压缸或压力缸等推出更多的鞋钉或防滑钉长度)。 For example, when detecting skid or slide, or other part of a microprocessor control system may be used to automatically shorten additional spikes or cleats or cleat comprising a cleat within the article of footwear (e.g., by rotating the length, to introduce more spikes or cleats length) via a pneumatic cylinder, a hydraulic cylinder or pressure cylinder or the like. 作为另一个可能的实施例,当检测到预先确定的滑行和/或滑动程度时,微处理器或控制系统的其他部分可以用于自动地暴露包括在鞋类物品内的额外的鞋钉或防滑钉。 As another possible embodiment, when coasting is detected and / or sliding a predetermined extent, part of a microprocessor or other control system can be used to automatically expose additional spikes included within the article of footwear or skid nail. 可以提供改变附着摩擦力特征的其他方法而并不偏离本发明。 Other methods may be provided to change the traction characteristics without departing from the present invention.

[0081] 因为此示例性鞋类结构600的感测设备602可以能够感测足部接触的表面(如, 由于在通过过载传感器或其他检测器可检测的方向上的变化而检测每一步等),所以用于检测滑行或滑动的同一个信号还可以用于提供速度和/或距离测量信息,如常规的计步器型速度和/或距离信息而并不偏离本发明。 [0081] Because this example footwear structure of a sensing device 602 can sense 600 may be measured on the surface in contact with the foot (e.g., due to changes in direction by the carrier through a sensor or other detector may be detected by detecting each step and the like) , the same signals for detecting a skid or slide may also be used to provide speed and / or distance measurement information, such as a conventional pedometer type speed and / or distance information, without departing from the present invention. 因此,按照上文结合图3A到图4描述的相同方式,鞋类物品600中的微处理器和/或控制系统604的其他部分(或另一个微处理器或系统)还可以用于根据由感测设备602产生的输出来将速度和/或距离信息如经由远程外围设备、经由鞋类物品的板上的显示器等提供给使用者。 Thus, according to the above in conjunction with FIGS. 3A to FIG. 4 in the same manner described in the article of footwear 600 microprocessor and / or other parts of the control system 604 (or another microprocessor or system) it may also be used according to the sensing device 602 generates an output to the speed and / or distance information, such as via a remote peripheral device, is provided to the user via the display panel of the article of footwear and the like.

[0082] 可控制的鞋类物品700的另一个实施例显示在图8中。 Another [0082] The article of footwear 700 may be controlled in the embodiment shown in FIG. 在此示例性的鞋类结构700 中,鞋类物品700的韧性程度可以根据来自一个或多个感测设备(如显示在图8中的信号感测设备702)的输出而得到控制,任选地,自动地以及腾空时(如实时地、在各步之间或与地面的相互作用中等)得到控制。 In this exemplary footwear structure 700, the degree of toughness of the article of footwear 700 may be controlled in accordance with sensed from one or more output devices (sensing device in FIG. 8 sense signal 702 as shown), optionally and automatically as well (e.g., in real time, between steps or interactions with the respective medium ground) to give control vacated. 作为一个实施例,当使用者下踩且发送此信息至微处理器或控制系统704时,感测设备702可以感测鞋类物品700的弯曲程度。 As an example, when the user dislikes, and sends this information to the microprocessor 704 or control system, the sensing device 702 may sense the degree of curvature 700 of the article of footwear. 如果弯曲量超过上限值或低于下限值的话,可以如根据微处理器或控制系统704的其他部分提供的信号来改变鞋类物品的韧性程度。 If the bending amount exceeds the upper limit or falls below the lower limit, it may be as to change the degree of toughness of the article of footwear in accordance with the control signal from the microprocessor or other portion of the system 704 is provided. 作为另一个实施例,如果期望的话,传感器可以定位成感测由使用者的足部施加到鞋底构件的各个部分(如,鞋内底处,鞋跟处和鞋头区域等)的压力程度以感测当使用者试图弯曲鞋的鞋弓时(如,用于跳舞的鞋和/或有氧健身鞋),且随后可以改变鞋类物品700的韧性以允许鞋弓处或多或少的弯曲,这取决于由使用者的足部和/或由施加压力的位置所施加的压力。 As another example, if desired, the sensor may be positioned to sense applied to the respective portion of the sole member of the foot by a user (e.g., the insole at the heel and toe region, etc.) in the degree of pressure when the user attempts to sense when the shoe shank is bent (e.g., for dancing shoes and / or aerobic shoes), and then the toughness of the article of footwear 700 may be varied to allow more or less at the curved shank , depending on the location of the applied pressure applied by the user's foot and / or by the pressure.

[0083] 可以使用改变鞋类物品的韧性程度的任何方法以及可以在鞋类物品的任何位置处改变韧性程度而并不偏离本发明。 [0083] Any method may be used to change the degree of toughness of the article of footwear and the degree of toughness can be changed at any location in the article of footwear without departing from the present invention. 图8 —般阐释了在其中改变了鞋类物品700的足弓支持部分的韧性程度的实施例,如通过改变包括在鞋弓区域内的支撑板系统706的厚度(在此大体阐述的实施例中,通过相对于另一块板706 (b)移动一块板706 (a)来改变板系统706 的厚度以便由此增大或减小鞋弓区域内的板系统706的总厚度)。 Figure 8 - as explained in which the degree of change toughness support arch portion of the footwear article of embodiment 700, such as by changing the thickness of plate 706 includes a support system in the shank region (herein generally set forth in Example , the panel system is changed by 706 with respect to the other plate (B) moving a board 706 (a) of thickness 706 to thereby increase or decrease the overall thickness of the panel system in the shank region 706). 可替代地,作为另一个实施例,如果期望的话,额外的板元件可以从鞋类物品700的一个区域移动到另一个区域以提供额外的板支撑材料或减少给定区域内的板支撑材料的量,以便由此增大或减小那个区域内的韧性。 Alternatively, as another embodiment, if desired, additional plate element can be moved from one region of the article of footwear 700 to another area of ​​the plate to provide additional support material or reducing sheet support material in the region of a given amount, to thereby increase or decrease in the toughness of the region. 作为又一个实施例,加热和/或冷却元件还可以提供给鞋类物品700,机械设备可以被固定、松开、移动等以及类似的以便改变支撑材料的韧性程度而并不偏离本发明。 As still another embodiment, the heating and / or cooling elements may also be provided to the article of footwear 700, the mechanical device may be fixed, release, and movement, etc. in order to change the degree of toughness like support material without departing from the present invention. 可以提供改变韧性的其他方法而并不偏离本发明。 It may be provided to change the toughness of other methods without departing from the present invention.

[0084] 因为此示例性鞋类结构700的感测设备702可以能够感测足部接触的表面(如, 因探测到的弯曲量的每一步,等),所以用于检测弯曲程度的同一个信号还可以用于提供速度和/或距离测量信息,如常规的计步器型速度和/或距离信息而并不偏离本发明。 [0084] Because this example footwear structure 700, a sensing device 702 can be measured on the surface of the foot can sense contact (e.g., each step due to the detection of the bending amount, etc.), for detecting a degree of bending so that the same signal may also be used to provide speed and / or distance measurement information, such as a conventional pedometer type speed and / or distance information, without departing from the present invention. 因此, 按照上文结合图3A到图4描述的相同方式,鞋类物品700中的微处理器和/或控制系统704的其他部分(或另一个微处理器或系统)还可以用于根据由感测设备702产生的输出来将速度和/或距离信息如经由远程外围设备、经由鞋类物品的板上的显示器等提供给使用者。 Thus, according to the above in conjunction with FIGS. 3A to FIG. 4 in the same manner described in the article of footwear 700 microprocessor and / or other parts of the control system 704 (or another microprocessor or system) it may also be used according to the sensing device 702 generates an output to the speed and / or distance information, such as via a remote peripheral device, is provided to the user via the display panel of the article of footwear and the like.

[0085] 图9阐释了可控制的鞋类物品800的又一个实施例。 [0085] FIG 9 illustrates a controllable article of footwear 800 of still another embodiment. 在此示例性鞋类结构800 中,鞋类物品800穿到或接合使用者足部的方式的各方面可以得到控制,任选地,自动地以及腾空时(如实时地、在各步之间或与地面的相互作用中等)得到控制。 In this example footwear structure 800, through the various aspects of the article of footwear 800 to engage a user's foot or embodiment may be controlled, optionally automatically, and when vacant (e.g., in real time, between each step or interaction medium ground) is controlled. 可以根据来自一个或多个感测设备(在图9中显示了单个感测设备80¾的输出来控制鞋类物品的一个或多个合脚性方面。作为一个实施例,当在迈步、跳跃等过程中接触地面或其他面时,感测设备802可以感测由使用者的足部施加的压力量,如由使用者努力提出的测量结构。此数据可以被发送到微处理器或控制系统804的其他部分。如果接触压力超过上限值或低于下限值的话,那么可以改变鞋带或鞋类物品的其他紧固系统806的紧固性,如根据微处理器或控制系统804的其他部分产生的信号来改变。 May be from one or more sensing devices (a single sensing output display device 80¾ in FIG. 9 to control one or more aspects of the article of footwear fit of. As one example, when the move, in accordance with the process of jumping when the ground or other contact surface, the sensing device 802 may sense an amount of pressure sensed by the user's foot is applied to the measurement structure as proposed by the user effort. this data may be sent to a microprocessor or the control system 804 other portions. If the contact pressure exceeds the upper limit value or below the lower limit, then lace may be changed or other fastening of the fastening system of the article of footwear 806, such as a microprocessor according to the other portion 804 of the control system or generating a signal to change.

[0086] 可以使用改变紧固系统的紧固性或用于鞋类物品的其他合脚性特征的方法而并不偏离本发明。 [0086] can be used to change the fastening method of fastening system or other features of the fit of an article of footwear without departing from the present invention. 图9 一般阐释了在其中通过改变用作紧固系统的带构件806(此实施例中的带构件806多次包裹在使用者的足部周围-横跨鞋面构件、贯穿鞋底构件等)的长度来改变紧固系统的紧固性程度的实施例。 Figure 9 illustrates generally therein by changing the belt member as a fastening system 806 (embodiment with member 806 in this embodiment repeatedly wrapped around the user's foot - the upper cross member, through a sole member, etc.) changing the length of the fastening degree of fastening system embodiment. 可以通过,如使用微处理器或控制系统804的其他部分来改变此带构件806的长度以便包裹或不包裹一些带构件806隔开供给设备808 (如, 辊子(roller)等)。 It can be, such as using a microprocessor or other control system portion 804 to change the length of this band member 806 so as to wrap or not wrap member 806 with a number of spaced apart supply device 808 (e.g., a roller (Roller), etc.). 作为另一个实施例,如果期望的话,微处理器或控制系统804的其他部分可以用于通过夹具或扣构件810来移动大多数带构件806 (如,通过旋转接合带806的夹具810的一部分等)。 As another example, if desired, other portions of control system 804 or microprocessor may be used to move the member 810 by a clamp or clasp member 806 with the majority (e.g., a portion 810 of the clamp 806 by rotating the belt engaging ). 作为又一个实施例,如果期望的话,微处理器或控制系统804的其他部分可以用于将紧固系统鞋带移入或移出鞋带夹具或夹持构件,改变穿着到穿着者足部的外周周围的穿着带或线的长度,和/或以其他方式改变鞋类物品接合或穿到使用者足部的方式的一个方面。 As still another embodiment, if desired, other portions of control system 804 or microprocessor may be used to fasten the lace in or out of the system or lace clip holding member, to change the wearing around the outer periphery of the wearer's foot the length of the wearing strip or wire, and / or otherwise alter the article of footwear or bonded to one aspect of the user's foot wearing manner. 受到控制的紧固系统和/或其他合脚性元件可以位于鞋类物品的任何位置和/或在任何期望的位置以及以任何期望的方式接合使用者的足部或鞋类物品的其他部分而并不偏离本发明。 The fastening system is controlled and / or other fit of the elements may be located anywhere in the article of footwear and / or at any other desired location and in any desired portions of the user's foot engage or the article of footwear and without departing from the present invention. 此类型的系统可以用于自动地定制鞋的尺寸给使用者,在使用的任何给定的时间,而与使用者穿着的其他装备无关(如,没有鞋内衬垫、薄的鞋内衬垫、厚的鞋内衬垫、多对鞋内衬垫等)。 This type of system may be used to automatically customize the size of the shoe to the user, at any given time of use, and other equipment worn by the user with irrelevant (e.g., no shoes pad, thin pad shoes , a thickness of the shoe pad, shoe within the multi-pads and the like). 如上所述,使用者输入还可以被这种合脚性调整系统接收以使至少一些使用者能够在给定的时间控制合脚性的类型(如,用于运动的绷紧的合脚性、其他时间的宽松的合脚性、用于跑步或疾跑的绷紧的合脚性对用于走路或慢跑的宽松的合脚性等)。 As described above, user input may also be such a fit of the adjustment system receives at least some of the feet of a user type of engagement can be controlled at a given time (e.g., tight fit for the movement of the other time loose fit of, for running or fit of the fit of a pair of walking or jogging and other loose tight sprint).

[0087] 因为此示例性鞋类结构800的感测设备802可以能够感测足部接触的面(如,因探测到的压力感测的每一步等),所以用于控制紧固性或合脚性特征的同一个信号还可以用于提供速度和/或距离测量信息,如常规的计步器型速度和/或距离信息而并不偏离本发明。 [0087] surface (e.g., by detecting the pressure sensed at each step, etc.) because this example footwear structure 800, sensing device 802 may be capable of sensing the contact of the foot, so that the fastening for controlling or fit a signal of the same feature can also be used to provide a speed / or distance measurement information, such as a conventional pedometer type speed and / or distance information, and without departing from the present invention. 因此,按照上文结合图3A到图4描述的相同方式,鞋类物品800中的微处理器和/ 或控制系统804的其他部分(或另一个微处理器或系统)还可以用于根据由感测设备802 产生的输出来将速度和/或距离信息如经由远程外围设备、经由鞋类物品的板上的显示器等提供给使用者。 Thus, according to the above in conjunction with FIGS. 3A to FIG. 4 in the same manner described in the article of footwear 800 microprocessor and / or other portions of the control system 804 (or another microprocessor or system) it may also be used according to the sensing device 802 generates an output to the speed and / or distance information, such as via a remote peripheral device, is provided to the user via the display panel of the article of footwear and the like.

[0088] 如上所述,使用者输入可以接收在,如远离鞋类物品的位置和/或可拆装地安装到鞋类物品上(或使用者身体的其他部分或衣服上)的外围设备中。 [0088] As described above, the user input can be received, such as a position away from the article of footwear and / or attached to the article of footwear (or other portions of the user's body or clothing) may be a peripheral device detachably in the . 此设备可以至少部分用于远程控制鞋类物品的期望特征(如,能够使使用者以离散的水平或间隔设置冲击衰减特征、能够使使用者改变性能特征和/或其阈值、能够使使用者改变自动设置的特征 This device may be at least partially used to remotely control a desired characteristic of the article of footwear (e.g., enable the user level or in discrete intervals impact-attenuating characteristics, enables the user to alter the performance characteristics and / or a threshold value, enables the user to wherein the automatic setting change

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[0089] 使用者输入设备可以同时调整两只鞋类物品的设置值,和/或如果期望的话,可以提供对鞋类物品的单独控制。 [0089] The user input device may be adjusted while the article of footwear two set values, and / or, if desired, may be separately provided control of the article of footwear. 如果期望的话,整个系统可以控制使用者足部的足底/足背(dorsi)方向上以及或内侧/外侧方向,或这些不同方向的组合或子组合上的刚度或冲击衰减。 If desired, the entire system can control a user's foot plantar / dorsal upper (dorsi in) or direction and the medial / lateral direction, the stiffness or impact or a combination or sub-combination of these different directions attenuation. 另外,如果期望的话,可以控制鞋面构件和/或鞋底构件的任何部分上的冲击衰减或其他特征而并不偏离本发明。 Further, if desired, the upper member can be controlled and / or impact of the sole on the part of any member of attenuation or other features without departing from the present invention. 而且,基于计步器的速度和/或距离信息可以由一只鞋类物品或两只鞋类物品产生的步数导出。 Further, the pedometer derived based on the speed and / or distance information may be the number of steps generated by an article of footwear or footwear two.

[0090] 作为可能的额外实施例或可替代的实施例,如果期望的话,外围设备可以显示GPS 信息、地图信息或基于位置或道路的其他信息(如,基于GPS和/或基于计步器的速度和/或距离信息产生的信息)。 [0090] As a possible additional embodiment or alternative embodiment embodiment, if desired, the peripheral device may display the GPS information, map information, or other information based on location or road (e.g., based on GPS and / or pedometer based information on speed and / or distance information generated). 如果期望的话,在这样的系统中,鞋类物品的一个或多个特征可以得到控制,根据,如沿着道路的使用者的位置;探测到的地形、高度等的变化;达到各种预先确定的地标;达到各种阈值距离或高度;以及类似的。 If desired, in such systems, one or more features of the article of footwear may be controlled, according to the user's location, such as along a road; terrain changes, the detected height; achieve a variety of pre-determined landmarks; reaches various thresholds distance or height; and the like. 作为附加的实施例,各种地标(如沿着道路的里程标记、标志、或其他传送设备,或类似的)可以用于将信息传送至控制系统(任选地,由使用者携带和/或在鞋类物品内),控制系统可以用于改变根据本发明至少一些实施例的鞋类物品的一个或多个特征。 As an additional embodiment, various landmarks (e.g. mileage markers along the roads, signs, or other delivery device, or the like) may be used to transmit information to the control system (optionally carried by a user and / or in the article of footwear), a control system may be used to change at least some of the embodiments of the article of footwear or more features in accordance with the present invention. 各种控制元件和触发事件可以用于自动地控制鞋类物品的一个或多个特征而并不偏离本发明。 Various control elements can be used to trigger events and one or more automatically controlled features an article of footwear without departing from the present invention.

[0091] 此类型的系统描述在美国专利NO. 6865825中,该专利在此完整引入作为参考,该专利还可以用于根据本发明的至少一些实施例来提供控制。 [0091] This type of system is described in U.S. Patent NO. 6865825, which is hereby incorporated by reference in this patent may also be provided for controlling at least some embodiments of the present invention.

[0092] 上述本发明的各种实施例涉及使用根据本发明至少一些实施例的控制系统以实时地调整鞋类物品(或其他足部容纳装置)的各种特征,如腾空时,自动地,当鞋类物品(或其他足部容纳装置)正在使用时(如各步之间)等。 [0092] The various embodiments of the present invention is directed to the use of embodiments a control system according to at least some embodiments of the present invention, real-time adjustments to various features of the article of footwear (or other foot-receiving device), such as when emptied automatically, when the article of footwear (or other foot-receiving device) is being used (e.g., between the steps) and the like. 虽然根据本发明至少一些实施例的一个有优势的方面,但本发明并不受制于在这些情况中使用。 Although the present invention is to at least some embodiments a advantageous aspect, the present invention is not subject to the use in these cases. 例如,根据本发明至少一些实施例的系统和方法可以用于随着时间和/或在不同的使用条件下来调整鞋类物品(或其他足部容纳装置)的特征,如以适应通过磨损、损坏、老化、温度、湿度、湿气等造成的鞋类结构的变化。 For example, according to the present invention, at least some of the system and method of embodiments may be used with time and / or adjustment of the article of footwear (or other foot-receiving device) in the different conditions of use down characteristics, such as to adapt by wear, damage, , footwear structural changes in aging, temperature, humidity, moisture and the like caused. 作为更具体的实施例,由于可能会随着时间而发生的鞋底夹层构件的泡沫材料的变化(如,由于泡沫断裂、损坏、潮湿、老化等),所以本发明的各方面可以用于适应鞋类物品的冲击衰减特征以使鞋类物品在其整个使用寿命中和/或在各种使用条件下都能提供更一致的触感。 As a more specific embodiment, due to changes in the foam midsole component may occur over time (e.g., rupture of the bubble, damage, humidity, aging, etc.), the various aspects of the present invention may be used to accommodate shoes impact attenuating features to categories of articles of footwear items throughout its service life and / or can provide a more consistent texture under various conditions. 作为另一个实施例,由于可能会随着时间而出现的鞋外底、防滑钉、或鞋钉构件上的磨损,本发明的各方面还可以用于调整鞋类物品的附着摩擦力特征(如,当防滑钉或鞋钉的末端处磨掉后,提供额外的防滑钉或鞋钉长度,当鞋外底构件的附着摩擦力元件磨掉后,更经常地或更频繁地加热鞋外底构件等)。 Wherein the traction As another example, the wear on the outsole may occur over time, cleats or cleat member, aspects of the present invention may also be used to adjust the article of footwear (e.g. when the ends of the studs or cleats worn, to provide additional spike or cleat length, when the traction element worn outsole member, or more often outsole heating member more frequently Wait).

[0093] 上文描述了操作根据本发明实施例的控制系统的各种方法且根据上面描述的各种方法对本领域的技术人员来说将是明显的。 [0093] The operations described above and according to various methods described above, those skilled in the art will be apparent method according to various embodiments of the control system according to the present invention. 作为更具体的实施例,当使用鞋类物品时(如,当使用者下踩时),可以感测涉及鞋类物品与接触面或使用者足部之间的接触的一个或多个特征,如上面结合图1-9描述的一个或多个不同的特征(如,接触压力、鞋底夹层的压缩、弯曲程度、滑行或滑动程度等)。 As a more specific embodiment, when the article of footwear (e.g., when the user next step), may sense one or more characteristics relate to the contact between the article of footwear and a contact surface or a user's foot, as described above in connection with FIGS. 1-9, one or more different features (e.g., contact pressure, the compression of the midsole, the degree of bending, sliding, or sliding degree). 感测到的信息可以输送至控制系统,控制系统可反过来将信号输送至另一个设备,如改变鞋类物品的构型以便合适时,由此控制鞋类物品的特征(如,当感测到的参数落入预先确定的范围内时,当其高于或低于阈值时,这取决于预先确定的算法等)。 The sensed information can be delivered to the control system, the control system may in turn sends a signal to another device, such as a changed configuration suitable for an article of footwear, the article of footwear whereby the control characteristics (e.g., when the sensing the parameter falls within the predetermined range, when it is above or below a threshold, depending on the predetermined algorithm and the like). 任选地,使用者输入可以被提供且至少部分用于设置与设置特征相关的一个或多个特征和/或参数。 Optionally, the user input may be provided at least in part for one or more features associated with feature set provided and / or parameters. 改变的特征可以包括,如:改变冲击衰减特征、改变附着摩擦力特征、改变韧性特征、改变合脚性特征、改变紧固系统的紧固性特征等。 Feature change may include, for example: modify the impact attenuation characteristics, changing the friction characteristic adhered, flexibility characteristics change, change fit features, characteristics fastened fastening system changes, and the like. 这些特征的变化可以发生在任何时间,如实时地,腾空时,各步或跳跃之间等,同时鞋类物品继续使用。 Changes in these characteristics may occur at any time, such as real time, when emptied, steps or hops between each other, while continuing to use the article of footwear. 特征的许多不同变化可以发生在鞋类物品的持续使用过程中而并不偏离本发明。 Many different variations in characteristics may occur during continuous use of the article of footwear without departing from the present invention. 感测到的信息、 或任选地,来自另一个传感器或检测器的信息也可以用于确定使用者的速度和/或距离信息(如,计步器型的速度和/或距离信息)并将该信息提供给使用者。 The sensed information, or, optionally, information from other sensors or detectors may also be used to determine the user's speed and / or distance information (e.g., a pedometer type speed and / or distance information) and this information is provided to the user.

[0094] 可提供用于提供包括控制特征的鞋类物品的各种不同的方法而并不偏离本发明, 这明显从上面的描述看得出来。 [0094] module for providing various control features comprising an article of footwear without departing from the present invention, this is apparent from the above description see. 这样的方法可以包括使感测设备与鞋类物品接合,如与鞋面构件和/或鞋底构件接合,整体形成为鞋类物品的一部分,嵌入在或罩在鞋底构件内等。 Such a method may include sensing device engaged with the article of footwear, such as engagement with the upper member and / or the sole member, integrally formed as part of an article of footwear, the cover or the like embedded in the sole member. 此接合可以发生在鞋的制造或组装过程中、在零售处或使用场合(如,经由设置在鞋类物品中用于容纳感测设备和/或控制设备的槽或安装元件)。 This engagement may take place in the shoe during manufacture or assembly, or at retail applications (e.g., via a groove provided for receiving a sensing device and / or control devices in the article of footwear or the mounting element). 如上所述,感测设备可以被定位且适于感测使用鞋类物品时,鞋类物品与接触面或使用者的足部之间的接触的至少一个特征。 As described above, the sensing device may be positioned and adapted sensed using an article of footwear, the at least one characteristic of contact between the contact surface with the user's foot or the article of footwear. 控制系统可以被设置(如,与感测设备分离,或通常与感测设备一起被罩住或支撑) 以接收来自感测设备的输出并根据所接收的输出控制鞋类物品的特征,如上所述(如,改变鞋类物品的构型的某些方面)。 The control system may be provided (e.g., separation and sensing device, or generally shrouded by or supported with the sensing device) to receive the output from the sensing device and control features of the article of footwear in accordance with the received output, as described above (e.g., change certain aspects of the configuration of the article of footwear). 控制设备可以定位在鞋类物品内或定位在鞋类物品上、至少部分定位在鞋类物品内或至少部分定位在鞋类物品上,或远离鞋类物品而并不偏离本发明。 The control device may be positioned within the article of footwear or footwear article is positioned, at least partially positioned within the article of footwear or at least partially positioned in the footwear, or away from the article of footwear without departing from the present invention. 提供根据本发明实施例的鞋类系统的各方面还包括距离监测系统,任选地至少部分与鞋类物品接合,用于检测或储存标示与所述鞋类物品的使用相关的速度和/或距离信息的数据。 Providing footwear system according to aspects of an embodiment of the present invention further includes a distance monitoring system, optionally at least partially engaged with the article of footwear for detecting or storing the designated use of the article of footwear associated speed and / or data distance. 任选地,距离监测系统可以使用相同的感测设备且任选地,由感测设备提供的相同的信号,正如用于鞋类特征控制的那些信号。 Optionally, the distance monitoring system may use the same sensing device, and optionally, the same signal provided by the sensing apparatus as those used in footwear characteristic control signal.

[0095] 结论 [0095] Conclusion

[0096] 当然,可以对具体描述的结构、系统和方法进行许多改变而并不偏离本发明。 [0096] Of course, many modifications may be made to the structures, systems and methods specifically described herein without departing from the present invention. 例如,虽然已经描述了有关包括目前实施本发明的优选模式的具体实施例,但是本领域的那些技术人员会理解上述系统和方法存在许多变化、组合和改变。 For example, although already described with respect to specific embodiments including presently preferred modes of embodiment of the present invention, those skilled in the art will appreciate that there are numerous variations, combinations and permutations of the above-described systems and methods. 而且,包括在此实施例中的各种具体的结构特征仅仅表示了可以包括在根据本发明一些示例性结构中的结构特征的实施例。 Moreover, various specific structural features including embodiments in this embodiment may comprise merely shows an embodiment in accordance with structural features of some example structures of the present invention. 本领域的技术人员会理解各种具体的结构特征可以在鞋类物品或其他足部容纳装置产品中得到省略和/或改变而并不偏离本发明。 Those skilled in the art will appreciate that various specific structural features may be contained in the article of footwear or other foot means products obtained are omitted and / or changed without departing from the present invention. 而且,相对于方法而言,可以进行方法步骤的许多变化,此步骤可以按顺序改变,各种步骤或特征可以被添加或省略等而并不偏离本发明。 Further, with respect to methods, many variations of the method steps, this step may be changed in order, various steps or other features may be added or omitted, without departing from the present invention. 因此,阅读者应该理解本发明的主旨和范围应该由所附权利要求的阐述来广义地解释。 Thus, the reader should understand the spirit and scope of the invention set forth in the appended claims should be broadly construed.

Claims (72)

1. 一种鞋类系统,包括:鞋类物品,其包括鞋面构件和鞋底构件;感测设备,其与所述鞋类物品接合,其中所述感测设备适于当使用所述鞋类物品时,感测所述鞋类物品和一表面之间的接触的至少一个特征;鞋类控制系统;以及距离监测系统,其至少部分地与所述鞋类物品接合,所述距离监测系统适于检测或储存标示与所述鞋类物品的使用相关的计步的速度信息和距离信息的数据,其中所述感测设备适于将相同的输出提供至所述鞋类控制系统和所述距离监测系统两者,并且所述鞋类控制系统适于根据所述感测设备的所述输出来控制所述鞋类物品的特征,且所述距离监测系统适于利用来自所述感测设备的所述输出来确定所述速度信息和距1¾ fn 息。 A footwear system, comprising: a footwear article comprising an upper member and a sole member; a sensing device engaged with the article of footwear, wherein the sensing device is adapted to when using the footwear when the article, contact between the at least one characteristic of the article of footwear and the sensing of a surface; footwear control system; and distance monitoring system at least partially engaged with the article of footwear, the distance monitoring system adapted detecting the speed or data stored in designated step count associated with the use of the article of footwear of information and distance information, wherein said sensing device is adapted to provide the same output to the control system of the footwear and the distance monitoring both the system and the footwear control system is adapted to control the characteristic of the article of footwear in accordance with the output of the sensing device and the monitoring system is adapted to use the distance from the sensing device determining the velocity of the output information and information from 1¾ fn.
2.如权利要求1所述的鞋类系统,其中所述鞋类控制系统被编程且适于控制由所述鞋类物品提供的冲击衰减量。 2. A footwear system according to claim 1, wherein the footwear control system is programmed and adapted to control the impact of the footwear article provided by attenuation.
3.如权利要求2所述的鞋类系统,其中所述鞋类控制系统被编程且适于通过改变所述鞋底构件的鞋底夹层部分的刚度来控制所述冲击衰减量。 A footwear system according to claim 2, wherein the footwear control system is programmed and adapted to control the amount of impact attenuation by altering a stiffness of a midsole portion of the sole member.
4.如权利要求2所述的鞋类系统,其中所述鞋类控制系统被编程且适于控制所述鞋类物品的至少鞋跟部分中的所述冲击衰减量。 4. A footwear system according to claim 2, wherein the footwear control system is programmed and adapted to control said at least said heel portion of article of footwear of impact attenuation.
5.如权利要求1所述的鞋类系统,其中所述鞋类控制系统被编程且适于控制由所述鞋底构件提供的附着摩擦力程度。 5. A footwear system according to claim 1, wherein the footwear control system is programmed and adapted to control the degree of adhesion frictional force provided by the sole member.
6.如权利要求1所述的鞋类系统,其中所述鞋类控制系统被编程且适于控制所述鞋类物品的至少一个部分中的韧性程度。 6. A footwear system according to claim 1, wherein the footwear control system is programmed and adapted to control the degree of toughness of the article of footwear at least one portion.
7.如权利要求1所述的鞋类系统,其中所述鞋类控制系统被编程且适于控制用于所述鞋类物品的紧固系统的紧固性。 7. A footwear system according to claim 1, wherein the footwear control system is programmed and adapted to control fastening system for fastening of the article of footwear.
8.如权利要求1所述的鞋类系统,其中所述鞋类控制系统被编程且适于控制所述鞋类物品穿着到使用者足部的方式的至少一个方面。 8. A footwear system according to claim 1, wherein the footwear control system is programmed and adapted to control at least one aspect of the article of footwear to the user's foot wearing manner.
9.如权利要求1所述的鞋类系统,其中所述鞋类控制系统被编程且适于控制所述鞋类物品的所述特征,以便当使用所述鞋类物品时减少或消除内旋。 9. A footwear system according to claim 1, wherein the footwear control system is programmed and adapted to control the characteristic of the article of footwear, to reduce or eliminate pronation when the article of footwear using .
10.如权利要求1所述的鞋类系统,还包括:与所述鞋类控制系统通信的设备,所述设备适于将使用者输入提供至所述鞋类控制系统。 10. A footwear system according to claim 1, further comprising: a device in communication with the system control of the footwear, the device is adapted to provide user input to the footwear control system.
11.如权利要求10所述的鞋类系统,其中所述设备包括适于将所述速度信息和距离信息提供给使用者的系统。 11. A footwear system according to claim 10, wherein said apparatus comprises a velocity adapted to provide the information and distance information to a user of the system.
12.如权利要求10所述的鞋类系统,其中所述设备是便携的以便可由所述鞋类系统的使用者携带。 12. A footwear system according to claim 10, wherein said apparatus is portable by the user to carry the footwear system.
13.如权利要求1所述的鞋类系统,还包括:与所述距离监测系统通信的设备,所述设备适于将所述速度信息和距离信息提供给使用者。 13. A footwear system according to claim 1, further comprising: a device in communication with the distance monitoring system, the device is adapted to provide the speed information and the distance information to the user.
14.如权利要求13所述的鞋类系统,其中所述设备是便携的以便可由所述鞋类系统的使用者携带。 14. A footwear system according to claim 13, wherein said apparatus is portable by the user to carry the footwear system.
15.如权利要求1所述的鞋类系统,其中所述感测设备包括磁传感器系统。 15. A footwear system according to claim 1, wherein the sensing device includes a magnetic sensor system.
16.如权利要求1所述的鞋类系统,其中所述感测设备包括磁体和传感器以适于检测所检测的磁场中由于所述接触而产生的变化。 16. A footwear system according to claim 1, wherein the sensing device includes a magnet and a sensor adapted to detect a change in magnetic field detected since the contact generated.
17.如权利要求1所述的鞋类系统,其中所述感测设备适于感测由所述接触导致的接触压力或压力变化。 17. A footwear system according to claim 1, wherein said sensing device is adapted to sense the contact pressure or a pressure change caused by the contact sensing.
18. 一种足部容纳装置系统,包括:足部覆盖构件;足部支撑构件,其与所述足部覆盖构件接合;感测设备,其与所述足部覆盖构件或所述足部支撑构件中的至少一个接合,其中所述感测设备适于当使用所述足部容纳装置时,感测使用者的足部与所述足部容纳装置之间的相互作用的至少一个特征;控制系统;以及监测系统,其至少部分地与所述足部容纳装置接合,所述监测系统适于检测或储存标示与所述足部容纳装置的使用相关的速度信息和距离信息的数据,其中所述感测设备适于将相同的输出提供至所述控制系统和所述监测系统两者,并且所述控制系统适于根据所述感测设备的所述输出来控制所述足部支撑构件的特征,所述监测系统适于利用来自所述感测设备的所述输出来确定所述速度信息和距离信息。 18. A foot-receiving device system, comprising: a foot-covering member; foot-supporting member engaged with the foot-covering member; sensing device, with the foot-covering member or the foot support at least one engagement member, wherein when said sensing device is adapted to use the device, sensing at least one characteristic of the user interacting with the foot-receiving sensing foot between the foot-receiving device; control system; and monitoring system at least partially engaged with the foot-receiving device, said monitoring system is adapted to detect or store data related to the posted speed using the foot-receiving device information and distance information, wherein said sensing device is adapted to provide the same output to both the control system and the monitoring system, and the control system is adapted to control said foot-supporting member according to the output of the sensing device wherein the monitoring system is adapted to determine the speed and distance information using the information output from the sensing device.
19.如权利要求18所述的足部容纳装置系统,其中所述控制系统被编程且适于控制由所述足部支撑构件提供的冲击衰减量。 19. A foot according to claim 18 receiving device system, wherein the control system is programmed and adapted to control the impact provided by the foot-supporting member attenuation.
20.如权利要求19所述的足部容纳装置系统,其中所述控制系统被编程且适于通过改变所述足部支撑构件的至少一部分的刚度来控制所述冲击衰减量。 20. The foot 19 of the receiving device system according to claim, wherein the control system is programmed and adapted to control the amount of impact attenuation by altering a stiffness of at least a portion of said foot-supporting member.
21.如权利要求19所述的足部容纳装置系统,其中所述控制系统被编程且适于控制所述足部容纳装置的至少鞋跟部分中的所述冲击衰减量。 21. The foot 19 of the receiving device system according to claim, wherein the control system is programmed and adapted to control at least said heel portion of said foot-receiving device in an impact attenuation.
22.如权利要求18所述的足部容纳装置系统,其中所述控制系统被编程且适于控制由地面接触构件提供的附着摩擦力程度。 22. The foot 18 of the receiving device system according to claim, wherein the control system is programmed and adapted to control the degree of adhesion by the frictional force of the ground-contacting member is provided.
23.如权利要求18所述的足部容纳装置系统,其中所述控制系统被编程且适于控制所述足部容纳装置的至少一个部分中的韧性程度。 23. The foot 18 of the receiving device system according to claim, wherein the control system is programmed and adapted to control the degree of toughness of at least a portion of the device receiving the foot.
24.如权利要求18所述的足部容纳装置系统,其中所述控制系统被编程且适于控制紧固系统的紧固性。 24. The foot 18 of the receiving device system according to claim, wherein the control system is programmed and adapted to control tightness of the fastening system.
25.如权利要求18所述的足部容纳装置系统,其中所述控制系统被编程且适于控制所述足部容纳装置系统的至少一部分穿着到使用者足部的方式的至少一个方面。 25. The foot 18 of the receiving device system according to claim, wherein the control system is programmed and adapted to control at least one aspect of the foot-receiving device system to the user's foot wearing at least a portion of FIG.
26.如权利要求18所述的足部容纳装置系统,其中所述控制系统被编程且适于控制所述特征以便减少或消除使用者步态中的内旋。 26. The foot 18 of the receiving device system according to claim, wherein the control system is programmed and adapted to control the characteristic so as to reduce or eliminate pronation gait of a user.
27.如权利要求18所述的足部容纳装置系统,还包括:与所述控制系统通信的设备,所述设备适于将使用者输入提供至所述控制系统。 27. The foot 18 of the receiving device system as claimed in claim, further comprising: communicating with the control system of the apparatus, the apparatus is adapted to provide user input to the control system.
28.如权利要求27所述的足部容纳装置系统,其中所述设备包括适于将所述速度信息和距离信息提供给使用者的系统。 The foot 27 of the receiving apparatus 28. The system as claimed in claim, wherein said apparatus comprises a velocity adapted to provide the information and distance information to a user of the system.
29.如权利要求27所述的足部容纳装置系统,其中所述设备是便携的以便可由所述足部容纳装置的使用者携带。 29. The foot 27 of the receiving device system as claimed in claim, wherein the device is portable so that a user may carry the foot-receiving device.
30.如权利要求18所述的足部容纳装置系统,还包括:与所述监测系统通信的设备,所述设备适于将所述速度信息和距离信息提供给使用者。 The foot 18 of the receiving apparatus 30. The system as claimed in claim, further comprising: a device in communication with the monitoring system, the device is adapted to provide the speed information and the distance information to the user.
31.如权利要求30所述的足部容纳装置系统,其中所述设备是便携的以便可由所述足部容纳装置的使用者携带。 31. The foot 30 of the receiving device system as claimed in claim, wherein the device is portable so that a user may carry the foot-receiving device.
32.如权利要求18所述的足部容纳装置系统,其中所述感测设备包括磁传感器系统。 The foot 18 of the receiving apparatus 32. The system as claimed in claim, wherein the sensing device includes a magnetic sensor system.
33.如权利要求18所述的足部容纳装置系统,其中所述感测设备包括磁体和传感器, 适于检测所检测的磁场中由于所述相互作用而产生的变化。 The foot 18 of the receiving apparatus 33. The system as claimed in claim, wherein said sensing device comprises a magnet and a sensor adapted to detect a change in magnetic field due to the detected generated by the interaction.
34.如权利要求18所述的足部容纳装置系统,其中所述感测设备适于感测由所述相互作用导致的接触压力或压力变化。 34. The foot 18 of the receiving device system according to claim, wherein said sensing device is adapted to sense the contact pressure or a pressure change caused by the interaction is measured.
35. 一种提供鞋类系统的方法,包括:使感测设备与鞋类物品接合,其中所述感测设备适于当使用所述鞋类物品时,感测所述鞋类物品与一表面之间的接触的至少一个特征;提供鞋类控制系统;以及提供至少部分地与所述鞋类物品接合的距离监测系统,其中所述距离监测系统被编程且适于检测或储存标示与所述鞋类物品的使用相关的速度信息和距离信息的数据,其中所述感测设备适于将相同的输出提供至所述鞋类控制系统和所述距离监测系统两者,并且所述鞋类控制系统被编程且适于接收来自所述感测设备的所述输出并根据来自所述感测设备的所述输出控制所述鞋类物品的特征,所述距离监测系统还被编程且适于利用来自所述感测设备的所述输出来确定所述速度信息和距离信息。 35. A method of providing a footwear system, comprising: when making a sensing device engaged with the article of footwear, wherein the sensing device is adapted to when using the article of footwear, the article of footwear and the sensing surface of a contact between at least one feature; providing a footwear control system; and providing a distance monitoring system and the footwear article engaging at least partially, wherein the distance monitoring system is programmed and adapted to detect or store the marked data related to use of the article of footwear speed information and distance information, wherein said sensing device is adapted to provide the same output to both the control system of the footwear and the distance monitoring system, and the control of the footwear the system is programmed and adapted to receive the output from the sensing device and the output control according to the characteristic of the sensing device from the article of footwear, the distance monitoring system is further programmed and adapted to use the output from the sensing device to determine the speed information and the distance information.
36.如权利要求35所述的方法,其中所述鞋类控制系统被编程且适于控制由所述鞋类物品提供的冲击衰减量。 36. The method according to claim 35, wherein the footwear control system is programmed and adapted to control the impact of the footwear article provided by attenuation.
37.如权利要求36所述的方法,其中所述鞋类控制系统被编程且适于控制所述鞋底构件的鞋底夹层部分的刚度。 37. The method according to claim 36, wherein the footwear control system is programmed and the rigidity of the sole portion of the midsole member adapted to control.
38.如权利要求36所述的方法,其中所述鞋类控制系统被编程且适于控制所述鞋类物品的至少鞋跟部分中的冲击衰减量。 38. The method according to claim 36, wherein the footwear control system is programmed and adapted to control the impact of the heel of the footwear article at least part of the amount of attenuation.
39.如权利要求35所述的方法,其中所述鞋类控制系统被编程且适于控制由所述鞋类物品提供的附着摩擦力程度。 39. The method according to claim 35, wherein the footwear control system is programmed and adapted to control the degree of adhesion frictional force provided by the article of footwear.
40.如权利要求35所述的方法,其中所述鞋类控制系统被编程且适于控制所述鞋类物品的至少一个部分的韧性程度。 40. The method according to claim 35, wherein the footwear control system is programmed and adapted to control the degree of toughness of at least a portion of the article of footwear.
41.如权利要求35所述的方法,其中所述鞋类控制系统被编程且适于控制用于所述鞋类物品的紧固系统的紧固性。 41. The method according to claim 35, wherein the footwear control system is programmed and adapted to control fastening system for fastening of the article of footwear.
42.如权利要求35所述的方法,其中所述鞋类控制系统被编程且适于控制所述鞋类物品穿着到使用者足部的方式的至少一个方面。 42. The method according to claim 35, wherein the footwear control system is programmed and adapted to control at least one aspect of the article of footwear to the user's foot wearing manner.
43.如权利要求35所述的方法,其中所述鞋类控制系统被编程且适于控制所述鞋类物品的所述特征,以便当使用所述鞋类物品时减少或消除内旋。 43. The method according to claim 35, wherein the footwear control system is programmed and adapted to control the characteristic of the article of footwear, when used to reduce or eliminate the article of footwear pronation.
44.如权利要求35所述的方法,还包括:提供一种所述鞋类控制系统通信的设备,所述设备且适于将使用者输入提供至所述鞋类控制系统。 44. The method according to claim 35, further comprising: providing a control system in communication equipment footwear said one of said apparatus and adapted to provide user input to the footwear control system.
45.如权利要求44所述的方法,其中所述设备被编程且适于将所述速度信息和距离信息提供给使用者。 45. The method according to claim 44, wherein the device is programmed and adapted to provide said distance information and the speed information to the user.
46.如权利要求44所述的方法,其中所述设备是便携的以便可由所述鞋类系统的使用者携带。 46. ​​The method according to claim 44, wherein said apparatus is portable by the user to carry the footwear system.
47.如权利要求35所述的方法,还包括:提供一种与所述距离监测系统通信的设备,其中所述设备被编程且适于将所述速度信息和距离信息提供给使用者。 47. The method according to claim 35, further comprising: providing a device in communication with the distance monitoring system, wherein the device is programmed and adapted to provide said distance information and the speed information to the user.
48.如权利要求47所述的方法,其中所述设备是便携的以便可由所述鞋类系统的使用者携带。 48. The method according to claim 47, wherein said apparatus is portable by the user to carry the footwear system.
49.如权利要求35所述的方法,其中所述感测设备包括磁传感器系统。 49. The method according to claim 35, wherein the sensing device includes a magnetic sensor system.
50.如权利要求35所述的方法,其中所述感测设备包括磁体和传感器,用于检测所检测的磁场中由于所述接触而产生的变化。 50. The method according to claim 35, wherein the sensing device includes a magnet and a sensor for detecting a change in the detected magnetic field generated due to said contacting.
51.如权利要求35所述的方法,其中所述感测设备适于感测由所述接触导致的接触压力或压力变化。 51. The method according to claim 35, wherein said sensing device is adapted to sense the contact pressure or a pressure change caused by the contact sensing.
52. 一种使用鞋类系统的方法,包括:当鞋类物品使用时感测鞋类物品和一表面之间的接触,其中利用至少部分地与所述鞋类物品接合的感测设备来感测所述接触,其中所述感测设备提供输出数据;至少部分地根据来自所述感测设备的所述输出数据来控制所述鞋类物品的特征;以及至少部分地根据来自所述感测设备的所述输出数据来确定使用者的速度信息和距离信息其中用来控制所述鞋类物品的特征的所述输出数据与用来确定使用者的速度信息和距离信息的所述输出数据是相同的。 52. A method of using footwear system, comprising: an article of footwear used when sensing contact between the article of footwear and a surface with at least partially wherein the sensing device engaged with the article of footwear to sense contacting said test, wherein said sensing device providing output data; at least partially controlled feature of the article of footwear in accordance with the output data from the sensing device; and at least in part on the sensed from the output data of the device to determine the speed and distance information wherein said user information is used to control the output data characterized in the article of footwear and the output data is used to determine the speed of the user information and the distance information is identical.
53.如权利要求52所述的方法,其中所述控制的步骤包括控制由所述鞋类物品提供的冲击衰减量。 53. The method according to claim 52, wherein said step of controlling includes controlling the impact of the footwear article provided by attenuation.
54.如权利要求53所述的方法,其中所述控制的步骤包括通过改变所述鞋类物品的鞋底夹层部分的刚度来控制所述冲击衰减量。 54. A method according to claim 53, wherein said controlling step comprises a midsole portion rigidity changing the article of footwear by controlling the amount of the impact-attenuating.
55.如权利要求53所述的方法,其中所述控制的步骤包括控制所述鞋类物品的至少鞋跟部分中的所述冲击衰减量。 55. The method according to claim 53, wherein said controlling step comprises controlling at least said heel portion of article of footwear of impact attenuation.
56.如权利要求52所述的方法,其中所述控制的步骤包括控制由所述鞋类物品提供的附着摩擦力程度。 56. The method according to claim 52, wherein said step of controlling includes controlling the degree of adhesion frictional force provided by the article of footwear.
57.如权利要求52所述的方法,其中所述控制的步骤包括控制所述鞋类物品的至少一个部分中的韧性程度。 57. The method according to claim 52, wherein said controlling step comprises controlling the degree of toughness of at least a portion of the article of footwear.
58.如权利要求52所述的方法,其中所述控制的步骤包括控制在将所述鞋类物品紧固到使用者的足部上时施加的张力的程度。 58. The method according to claim 52, wherein said step of controlling includes controlling the degree of tension applied when the footwear article is fastened to the user's foot.
59.如权利要求52所述的方法,其中所述控制的步骤包括控制所述鞋类物品穿着到使用者足部的方式的至少一个方面。 59. The method according to claim 52, wherein said step of controlling comprises controlling manner to the user's foot wearing the article of footwear at least one aspect.
60.如权利要求52所述的方法,其中所述控制的步骤包括控制所述鞋类物品的所述特征以便减少或消除内旋。 60. The method according to claim 52, wherein said controlling step comprises controlling the characteristic of the article of footwear so as to reduce or eliminate pronation.
61.如权利要求52所述的方法,还包括:接收使用者输入,其中所述使用者输入至少部分地用于所述控制的步骤。 61. The method according to claim 52, further comprising: receiving user input, said user input wherein the step of at least partially for the control.
62.如权利要求61所述的方法,其中所述使用者输入是通过与所述鞋类物品分离的设备来输入的。 62. The method according to claim 61, wherein the user input is via a separate article of footwear with the input device.
63.如权利要求62所述的方法,其中所述设备和至少部分地与所述鞋类物品接合的控制系统通信。 63. The method of claim 62 wherein the control system of the communication device and at least partially engaged with the article of footwear of claim.
64.如权利要求62所述的方法,还包括:将速度信息和距离信息提供给所述鞋类物品的使用者,其中所述速度信息和距离信息经由所述使用者输入设备提供。 64. The method according to claim 62, further comprising: providing speed information and distance information to a user of the article of footwear, wherein the speed information and the distance information provided via the user input device.
65.如权利要求52所述的方法,还包括: 将速度信息和距离信息提供给所述使用者。 65. The method according to claim 52, further comprising: providing speed information and distance information to the user.
66.如权利要求65所述的方法,其中所述速度信息和距离信息经由与所述鞋类物品分离的设备提供给使用者。 66. The method according to claim 65, wherein the speed information and the distance information provided to the user via a separate device from the article of footwear.
67.如权利要求66所述的方法,其中所述设备由所述鞋类物品的所述使用者携带。 67. The method according to claim 66, wherein said apparatus carried by the user of the article of footwear.
68.如权利要求52所述的方法,其中所述感测的步骤包括使用磁传感器系统。 68. The method according to claim 52, wherein said step of sensing includes using a magnetic sensor system.
69.如权利要求52所述的方法,其中所述感测的步骤包括检测由所述接触而导致的至少一个磁特征的变化。 69. A method according to claim 52, wherein said step of sensing comprises detecting a change in at least one magnetic characteristic caused by the contact.
70.如权利要求52所述的方法,其中所述感测的步骤包括检测由所述接触导致的接触压力或压力变化。 70. The method according to claim 52, wherein said sensing step comprises detecting the contact pressure or a pressure change caused by the contact.
71. 一种鞋类系统,包括:鞋类物品,其包括鞋面构件和鞋底构件;感测设备,其与所述鞋类物品接合,其中所述感测设备适于当使用所述鞋类物品时,感测所述鞋类物品和一表面之间的接触的至少一个特征;鞋类控制系统,其适于根据所述感测设备的输出来控制所述鞋类物品的特征;以及距离监测系统,其至少部分地与所述鞋类物品接合,所述距离监测系统适于检测或储存标示与所述鞋类物品的使用相关的速度信息和距离信息的数据;其中所述鞋类控制系统被编程且适于控制由所述鞋底构件提供的附着摩擦力程度。 71. A footwear system, comprising: a footwear article comprising an upper member and a sole member; a sensing device engaged with the article of footwear, wherein the sensing device is adapted to when using the footwear when the article, contact between the at least one characteristic of the article of footwear and the sensing of a surface; footwear control system is adapted to an output of the sensing device to control the characteristic of the article of footwear; and the distance monitoring system at least partially engaged with the article of footwear, the distance monitoring system adapted to detect the stored or posted speed associated with the use of the article of footwear distance information and data information; wherein the footwear control the system is programmed and adapted to control the degree of adhesion frictional force provided by the sole member.
72. 一种提供鞋类系统的方法,包括:使感测设备与鞋类物品接合,其中所述感测设备适于当使用所述鞋类物品时,感测所述鞋类物品与一表面之间的接触的至少一个特征;提供鞋类控制系统,所述鞋类控制系统被编程且适于接收来自所述感测设备的输出并根据来自所述感测设备的输出控制所述鞋类物品的特征;以及提供至少部分地与所述鞋类物品接合的距离监测系统,其中所述距离监测系统被编程且适于检测或储存标示与所述鞋类物品的使用相关的速度信息或距离信息的数据, 其中所述鞋类控制系统被编程且适于控制由所述鞋类物品提供的附着摩擦力程度。 72. A method of providing a footwear system, comprising: when making a sensing device engaged with the article of footwear, wherein the sensing device is adapted to when using the article of footwear, the article of footwear and the sensing surface of a contact between at least one feature; providing a footwear control system of the footwear control system is programmed and adapted to receive an output from the sensing device and a control according to an output from the sensing device of the footwear feature articles; and providing a distance monitoring system at least partially engaged with the article of footwear, wherein the distance monitoring system is programmed and adapted to detect or store information associated with the posted speed using the article of footwear or from data information, wherein the footwear control system is programmed and adapted to control the degree of adhesion frictional force provided by the article of footwear.
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