CN101182247A - Novel method for innocent treatment and utilization of dead livestock and poultry - Google Patents

Novel method for innocent treatment and utilization of dead livestock and poultry Download PDF

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CN101182247A
CN101182247A CNA2007101565220A CN200710156522A CN101182247A CN 101182247 A CN101182247 A CN 101182247A CN A2007101565220 A CNA2007101565220 A CN A2007101565220A CN 200710156522 A CN200710156522 A CN 200710156522A CN 101182247 A CN101182247 A CN 101182247A
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poultry
biogas
livestock
utilization
natural pond
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CN101182247B (en
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官平东
张勇利
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浙江威尔斯生物能源开发有限公司
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/10Internal combustion engine [ICE] based vehicles
    • Y02T10/30Use of alternative fuels, e.g. biofuels
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention discloses a novel method of the harmless treatment and utilization of livestock and poultry which died of disease according to the steps as follows: firstly, various kinds of the animal bodies of the livestock and the poultry which died of disease are collected; secondly, the animal bodies are crushed; thirdly, the crushed animal bodies are sterilized under high temperature and high pressure and separated for filtering, the material of oil and fat flows into a cooling pool, and the material of hair and bone is dried; fourthly, the material of hair and bone after drying is carbonized; fifthly, the material of oil and fat after cooling is added with catalyst, high-efficiency compound microorganism, trash, organic wastewater and sludge; sixthly, the mixed organic material is put into an anaerobic tower to be fermented, and then biogas, biogas slurry and biogas slag are processed for three-phase separation; seventhly, the biogas is used for burning and generating electricity; eighthly, the biogas slurry inside a fertilizer storing pool is used as farmland fertilizer; ninthly, the biogas slag is added with the high-efficiency compound microorganism and the catalyst for secondary ferment; tenthly, the material after the secondary ferment is made into agricultural high-efficiency organic fertilizer. The invention solves the problem of the environmental pollution caused by the livestock and poultry which died of disease and change the waste livestock and poultry which died of disease into valuables.

Description

The novel method of dead livestock and poultry harmless treatment and utilization

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of green technology, particularly a kind of novel method of the dead livestock and poultry animal body being carried out harmless treatment and utilization.

Background technology

Along with the fast development of China's livestock industry to intensification, mass-producing; national feeding live pig amount surpassed 6.81 hundred million in 2006,4,500 ten thousand of beef cattles, 1.8 hundred million of mutton sheeps; poultry 15,000,000,000 plumages; minimum mortality (poultry 2%, fowl 5%) with livestock and poultry calculates, and has 1,362 ten thousand pigs every year at least; 900,000 oxen; 3,600,000 bellwethers, 7.5 hundred million plumage poultry are taken place dead, and the environmental pollution that causes of dead livestock and poultry and healthy hidden danger are equipped with serial problem and are paid close attention to thus.Particularly in recent years, the frequent at home and abroad eruption and prevalences of acute epidemic situation such as bird flu, mouthful tellurium epidemic disease, mad cow disease, Streptococcus suis, rabies have constituted great threat to human health, have also caused a series of public health problems simultaneously.

The one, the untimely harmless treatment of dead livestock and poultry easily causes the generation and the propagation of great animal epidemic.Epidemic situation takes place need slaughter livestock and poultry in a large number, as can't in time carrying out harmless treatment, epidemic situation is slaughtered and will be caught unprepared, thereby can have a strong impact on effective control of epidemic situation, cause that big area spreads, to produce devastating impact to the production and the trade of livestock industry, and then, be to cause political situation all can produce serious impact social life, economic order.

The 2nd, directly cause environmental pollution.The dead livestock and poultry great majority betide vast rural area or plant, and present main processing mode is buried and burns.Adopt buried mode to handle, need to consume a large amount of land resourcess, and must be buried below 1.5 meters, even reached this degree of depth, also can't reach innoxious processing requirements.Sepage meeting polluted underground water resource after dead livestock and poultry rots, and some virus can long-term existence in soil with bacterium, as streptococcicosis, swine fever, pig blue-ear disease, pig erysipelas etc., without high-temperature sterilization treatment, can long-term surviving in soil, can cause serious secondary pollution in the future.Moreover China livestock industry practitioner quality is not high at present, and some raiser directly directly throws the corpse field with dead livestock and poultry, even accomplish buried processing, does not also meet the harmless treatment rules, and harm is serious.Adopt the burning mode to handle, in the livestock and poultry burning process, can produce obnoxious flavoures such as flue dust, carbon monoxide, Dioxins, atmospheric environment is brought pollution: carbon monoxide can cause Greenhouse effect, and Dioxins has toxicity and carinogenicity, can work the mischief to human body after the suction.

The 3rd, the serious threat human health.The most cities of China all do not have emergent dead livestock and poultry processing power at present, butcher, animal often appears dying of illness in processing link and the product harmless treatment is not thorough, lack of standardization, some slaughterhouses or Tu worker, merchant Tu are for economic interests, even undersell dead livestock and poultry and give illegal retailer, the retailer will come into the market after its processing again again, and such way certainly will cause serious harm to social resident's health.

The Chinese government more and more payes attention to the innocuity treatment problem of dead livestock and poultry in recent years, has put into effect a series of policies and measure in succession, encourages various places to set up large-scale dead livestock and poultry harmless treatment field.

Summary of the invention

In order to protect environment and life health, problem to be solved by this invention provides a kind of new treatment process, by to the dead livestock and poultry harmless treatment, dead livestock and poultry is turned waste into wealth, and whole process is safe and reliable, does not have secondary pollution.

The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems, this method is carried out according to the following steps:

(1), at first collect all kinds of dead livestock and poultry animal bodies, it is put into freezer well with special plastic bag packaging, wait to do further harmless treatment;

(2), the animal body in the freezer sent into pulverizer with the sealing conveying belt pulverize, animal body is ground into bulk, about big or small 5-6 centimetre, carry out high temperature high pressure sterilizing after the pulverizing again and can effectively save 60% energy;

(3), after grid carries out separating and filtering, oil substances flows into cooling pool to the animal body after pulverizing through high temperature high pressure sterilizing, hair and bone class material are dried;

(4), enter the vacuum carburization stove after the oven dry of hair and bone class material and carry out carbonizing treatment;

(5), after oil substances is cooled to 50 ℃, add sheet alkali or Cao, pH value is transferred to 7-8, add catalyzer, effectively compound microbial, tankage, organic waste water and mud again and stir and be mixed with the mixing organic substance;

(6), ferment biogas, natural pond liquid, natural pond slag three phase separation, biogas input biogas cabinet, the fertile pond of natural pond liquid input storage, natural pond slag input natural pond slag bath in the mixing organic substance adding anaerobism tower with step (5);

(7), the biogas of gas storage holder is used for burning and generating after desulfurizing and purifying is handled;

(8), the natural pond liquid in the fertile pond of storage is as farmland fertilization, unavailable part natural pond liquid input SBR biochemical treatment apparatus carries out nitrification and denitrification and removes CODcr, NH 3-N; Water through biochemical treatment enters the tube settling solid-liquid separation, and mud is back to the SBR biochemical treatment apparatus, the water qualified discharge;

(9), the natural pond slag of natural pond slag bath and the SBR biochemical treatment apparatus mud of discharging mixes the adding fermentation vat, add effectively compound microbial and catalyzer again and carry out Secondary Fermentation;

(10), the input of the material behind fermentation vat Secondary Fermentation composting operation, dry, cool off, pulverize, sieve, pack, make the agricultural high-efficiency fertilizer.

It is formulated that described catalyzer is pressed mass ratio 1~2,1~2,1~2,1~5,1~3,1~1.5 by Ao soil, attapulgite hybrid, diatomite, medical stone, zeolite and ferrous sulfate.

Described effectively compound microbial is the composition of one or more compositions in bacillus, Pseudomonas alcaligenes genus, Thiobacillus, achromobacter, Nitrobacter, Photobacterium, lactobacillus, sugared zygosaccharomyces, enterobacter, the Alcaligenes.

Described tankage are the wheat husband shell waste material of brew-house; Described organic sewage mainly contains livestock and poultry slaughterhouse wastewater, casing factory processing waste water, bean product source mill waste water; Described mud mainly refers to sanitary sewage disposal factory mud, casing source mill mud.

The mass ratio of mud, tankage, oil substances, catalyzer, effectively compound microbial and high concentrated organic wastewater is 0.5: 0.1~0.2: 0.3~0.5: 0.01~0.03: 0.01~0.02: 1 in the mixing organic substance of step (5).

Described organic substance fermentation time in the anaerobism tower is 2~5 days, and leavening temperature is controlled at 20~55 ℃.

The mass ratio of mud, effectively compound microbial and the catalyzer of described step (9) is 1: 0.01~0.02: 0.01~0.02.

The Secondary Fermentation time of described fermentation vat is 2-3 days, and the Secondary Fermentation temperature is controlled at 25-30 ℃.

Adopt the above-mentioned technical scheme that provides that following advantage is arranged: by dead livestock and poultry is fermented and harmless treatment, dead livestock and poultry is turned waste into wealth, the a large amount of biogas that produce in the fermenting process are used for burning and generating, after natural pond slag and natural pond liquid separated, the natural pond slag was mixed with efficient organic fertilizer through Secondary Fermentation, and natural pond liquid is used for farmland fertilization, unnecessary natural pond liquid is handled the back qualified discharge, whole process is safe and reliable, does not have secondary pollution, has improved ecotope and ecological quality greatly.

Embodiment

Novel method to dead livestock and poultry harmless treatment of the present invention and utilization is summarized as follows below:

(1), at first collect all kinds of dead livestock and poultry animal bodies, it is put into freezer well with special plastic bag packaging, wait to do further harmless treatment;

(2), the animal body in the freezer sent into pulverizer with the sealing conveying belt pulverize, animal body is ground into bulk, about big or small 5-6 centimetre, carry out high temperature high pressure sterilizing after the pulverizing again and can effectively save 60% energy;

(3), after grid carries out separating and filtering, oil substances flows into cooling pool to the animal body after pulverizing through high temperature high pressure sterilizing, hair and bone class material are dried;

(4), enter the vacuum carburization stove after the oven dry of hair and bone class material and carry out carbonizing treatment;

(5), after oil substances is cooled to 50 ℃, add sheet alkali or Cao, pH value is transferred to 7-8, add catalyzer, effectively compound microbial, tankage, organic waste water and mud again and stir and be mixed with the mixing organic substance; Wherein the mass ratio of mud, tankage, oil substances, catalyzer, effectively compound microbial and high concentrated organic wastewater is 0.5: 0.1~0.2: 0.3~0.5: 0.01~0.03: 0.01~0.02: 1;

(6), ferment biogas, natural pond liquid, natural pond slag three phase separation, biogas input biogas cabinet, the fertile pond of natural pond liquid input storage, natural pond slag input natural pond slag bath in the mixing organic substance adding anaerobism tower with step (5); Described organic substance fermentation time in the anaerobism tower is 2~5 days, and leavening temperature is controlled at 20~55 ℃;

(7), the biogas of gas storage holder is used for burning and generating after desulfurizing and purifying is handled;

(8), the natural pond liquid in the fertile pond of storage is as farmland fertilization, unavailable part natural pond liquid input SBR biochemical treatment apparatus carries out nitrification and denitrification and removes CODcr, NH 3-N; Water through biochemical treatment enters the tube settling solid-liquid separation, and mud is back to the SBR biochemical treatment apparatus, the water qualified discharge;

(9), the natural pond slag of natural pond slag bath and the SBR biochemical treatment apparatus mud of discharging mixes the adding fermentation vat, add effectively compound microbial and catalyzer again and carry out Secondary Fermentation; Wherein the mass ratio of mud, effectively compound microbial and catalyzer is 1: 0.01~0.02: 0.01~0.02; The Secondary Fermentation time of described fermentation vat is 2-3 days, and the Secondary Fermentation temperature is controlled at 25-30 ℃;

(10), the input of the material behind fermentation vat Secondary Fermentation composting operation, dry, cool off, pulverize, sieve, pack, make the agricultural high-efficiency fertilizer.

It is formulated that described catalyzer is pressed mass ratio 1~2,1~2,1~2,1~5,1~3,1~1.5 by Ao soil, attapulgite hybrid, diatomite, medical stone, zeolite and ferrous sulfate, have adsorptivity, ion exchangeable, catalytic cracking, chemical conversion, physiology and help characteristics such as fertility, dead livestock and poultry reconfigures through cracking reaction under catalyst action and forms new material, toxic substance is converted into non-toxic substance, improve the biochemical of mud, the settling after decomposing also has a positive effect to the cultivation of some biology.

Described effectively compound microbial is the composition of one or more compositions in bacillus, Pseudomonas alcaligenes genus, Thiobacillus, achromobacter, Nitrobacter, Photobacterium, lactobacillus, sugared zygosaccharomyces, enterobacter, the Alcaligenes, each Pseudomonas is formed a huge flora, adaptive faculty is strong, reproduction speed is fast, and is nitrated thorough with decomposition mud.

Described tankage mainly are the wheat husband shell waste materials of brew-house; Described organic sewage mainly contains livestock and poultry slaughterhouse wastewater, casing factory processing waste water, bean product source mill waste water, for the microorganism growth breeding provides required C, N source; Described mud mainly refers to sanitary sewage disposal factory mud, casing source mill mud.

Below in conjunction with specific embodiment invention is further specified:

Embodiment 1: press above-mentioned processing condition and method under the condition of differing temps, biogas that is produced and natural pond quantity of slag difference.Experiment dead livestock and poultry oil substances and other material mixture weight are 1 ton.

Temperature ℃ Fermentation time (my god) Gas production rate (m 3) The natural pond quantity of slag (ton) ????20-25 7 ????400 ????0.40 ????50-52 3 ????600 ????0.35

Embodiment 2: by above-mentioned processing condition and method under the condition of not adding catalyzer and effectively compound microbial, the biogas amount difference that is produced.Experiment dead livestock and poultry grease and other material mixture weight are 1 ton, temperature 20-25 ℃, 7 days time.

Substance Gas production rate (m 3) The natural pond quantity of slag (ton) Add effectively compound microbial, do not add catalyzer 150 0.71 Add catalyzer and common bacterial classification (not adding efficient complex microorganism) 200 0.67 With common bacterial classification (not adding efficient complex microorganism and catalyzer) 50 0.86

Claims (8)

1. the novel method of dead livestock and poultry harmless treatment and utilization, it is characterized in that: this method is carried out according to the following steps:
(1), at first collect all kinds of dead livestock and poultry animal bodies, it is put into freezer well with plastic bag packaging, wait to do further harmless treatment;
(2), the animal body in the freezer being sent into pulverizer with the sealing conveying belt pulverizes;
(3), the animal body after pulverizing carries out separating and filtering behind high temperature high pressure sterilizing, oil substances flows into cooling pool, hair and bone class material are dried;
(4), enter the vacuum carburization stove after the oven dry of hair and bone class material and carry out carbonizing treatment;
(5), pH value is transferred to 7-8 after the oil substances cooling, adding catalyzer, effectively compound microbial, tankage, organic waste water and mud again stirs and is mixed with the mixing organic substance;
(6), ferment biogas, natural pond liquid, natural pond slag three phase separation, biogas input biogas cabinet, the fertile pond of natural pond liquid input storage, natural pond slag input natural pond slag bath in the mixing organic substance adding anaerobism tower with step (5);
(7), the biogas of gas storage holder is used for burning and generating after desulfurizing and purifying is handled;
(8), the natural pond liquid in the fertile pond of storage is as farmland fertilization, unavailable part natural pond liquid input SBR biochemical treatment apparatus carries out nitrification and denitrification and removes CODcr, NH 3-N; Water through biochemical treatment enters the tube settling solid-liquid separation, and mud is back to the SBR biochemical treatment apparatus, the water qualified discharge;
(9), the natural pond slag of natural pond slag bath and the SBR biochemical treatment apparatus mud of discharging mixes the adding fermentation vat, add effectively compound microbial and catalyzer again and carry out Secondary Fermentation;
(10), the input of the material behind fermentation vat Secondary Fermentation composting operation, dry, cool off, pulverize, sieve, pack, make the agricultural high-efficiency fertilizer.
2. the novel method of dead livestock and poultry harmless treatment according to claim 1 and utilization is characterized in that: it is formulated that described catalyzer is pressed mass ratio 1~2,1~2,1~2,1~5,1~3,1~1.5 by Ao soil, attapulgite hybrid, diatomite, medical stone, zeolite and ferrous sulfate.
3. the novel method of dead livestock and poultry harmless treatment according to claim 1 and utilization is characterized in that: described effectively compound microbial is the composition of one or more compositions in bacillus, Pseudomonas alcaligenes genus, Thiobacillus, achromobacter, Nitrobacter, Photobacterium, lactobacillus, sugared zygosaccharomyces, enterobacter, the Alcaligenes.
4. the novel method of dead livestock and poultry harmless treatment according to claim 1 and utilization is characterized in that: described tankage are the big wheat husk waste material of brew-house; Described organic sewage mainly contains livestock and poultry slaughterhouse wastewater, casing factory processing waste water, bean product source mill waste water; Described mud mainly refers to sanitary sewage disposal factory mud, casing source mill mud.
5. the novel method of dead livestock and poultry harmless treatment according to claim 1 and utilization is characterized in that: the mass ratio of mud, tankage, oil substances, catalyzer, effectively compound microbial and high concentrated organic wastewater is 0.5: 0.1~0.2: 0.3~0.5: 0.01~0.03: 0.01~0.02: 1 in step (5) the blended organic substance.
6. the novel method of dead livestock and poultry harmless treatment according to claim 1 and utilization is characterized in that: described organic substance fermentation time in the anaerobism tower is 2~5 days, and leavening temperature is controlled at 20~55 ℃.
7. the novel method of dead livestock and poultry harmless treatment according to claim 1 and utilization is characterized in that: the mass ratio of mud, effectively compound microbial and the catalyzer of described step (9) is 1: 0.01~0.02: 0.01~0.02.
8. the novel method of dead livestock and poultry harmless treatment according to claim 1 and utilization is characterized in that: the Secondary Fermentation time of described fermentation vat is 2-3 days, and the Secondary Fermentation temperature is controlled at 25-30 ℃.
CN2007101565220A 2007-11-13 2007-11-13 Novel method for innocent treatment and utilization of dead livestock and poultry CN101182247B (en)

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CN102070136B (en) * 2010-11-30 2012-10-10 李立华 Extraction process of organism diamond raw material carbon
CN102070136A (en) * 2010-11-30 2011-05-25 李立华 Extraction process of organism diamond raw material carbon
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