CN101130359A - Conveying system of multi-power driving electric car capable of replacing accumulators collection case - Google Patents

Conveying system of multi-power driving electric car capable of replacing accumulators collection case Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN101130359A
CN101130359A CNA2007101235451A CN200710123545A CN101130359A CN 101130359 A CN101130359 A CN 101130359A CN A2007101235451 A CNA2007101235451 A CN A2007101235451A CN 200710123545 A CN200710123545 A CN 200710123545A CN 101130359 A CN101130359 A CN 101130359A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
collection case
electronlmobil
car
accumulators
vehicle
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CNA2007101235451A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孙立刚
王德恒
Original Assignee
孙立刚
王德恒
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 孙立刚, 王德恒 filed Critical 孙立刚
Priority to CNA2007101235451A priority Critical patent/CN101130359A/en
Publication of CN101130359A publication Critical patent/CN101130359A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

The invention discloses a transportation system of multi-power driving electrical vehicle with changeable battery collecting box, belonging to the vehicle and traffic transporting field. The system comprises system matching facility constituted by changeable battery collecting box, vehicle collecting box device, suspension of straight-driven electrical vehicle, multiple-power driving electrical vehicle, vehicle electrical-control system, portable combined charging station, double-direction transportation machine of collecting box and repair truck of electrical vehicle. The changeable battery collecting box is hung on the chassis of electrical vehicle by the vehicle collecting box device. The multi-power driving electrical vehicle is driven by the motor on suspension of straight-driven electrical vehicle under the control of vehicle electrical-control system. The replacement of new and ole battery collecting box is carried out between the portable combined charging station and electrical vehicle by the double-direction transportation machine of collecting box. The repair truck of electrical vehicle is used for replacement work of battery collecting box in driving journey of electrical vehicle so that the transportation system can achieve purposes of high-efficiency driving, energy saving and circumstance protection.

Description

A kind of transport systems of multi-power driving electric car of replaceable accumulators collection case
Technical field
The invention belongs to automobile and traffic and transport field, particularly relate to and adopt electronlmobil or hybrid vehicle to be applied to the systems technology of communications and transportation aspect, comprise and be equipped with multi-power driving electric car, vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus, replaceable accumulators collection case, the direct drive electric automotive suspension, the portable combined battery-charging station, collection case bidirectional conveyor, the system support facility that tool car constituted of controlled vehicle-mounted electrical system and electronlmobil, be energy storage and the voyage that method that accumulators collection case is continuously changed in a kind of application improves and continue electronlmobil, adopt efficiently multi-power driving electric car or hybrid vehicle to reach energy efficient, realize the purpose of its environmental protection and commercial value.
Background technology
Though the appearance of electronlmobil is early than being the modern automobile of power with the combustion engine, but owing to drive the storage battery energy storage technology of electronlmobil, all fail to realize breakthrough progress for over 100 years more than a hundred years, make electronlmobil also belong to the vehicle of " energy is not abundant " at present, and the internal combustion engine drive modern automobile of being advanced by leaps and bounds replace.Since 1973 worldwide energy shock occurs; people feel dearly that just oil resources are some day with depleted; tap a new source of energy substitute with the oil be the automobile of the energy also referred a new stage, bring life again from then on for the development of electronlmobil and hybrid vehicle.Especially in recent years the double increase of oil price is that the modern automobile of power has brought unprecedented pressure to combustion engine, adds the raising of people's environmental consciousness, adopts the demand of new clean energy resource also more and more higher, thing followed natural gas-powered car; Dual-fuel automobile; Methanol fuel automobile; Fuel cell powered vehicle; Solar car is like springing up like mushrooms in face of people, yet on its environmental protection and energy-conservation overall target, inventing electronlmobil before century-old and then be still wherein outstanding person, is most possible replacement " combustion engine " and become the main force that novel traffic transports.In fact in railway transport field, electric locomotive has replaced " diesel locomotive " already and has become the main force of railway transportation, tramway train in city traffic, light rail train, wired trackless trolley car all is precedents of using battery-driven car, but the former is active, the battery-driven car that energy is abundant, its defective is to be unable to do without people's " electrical source of power circuit that sets up specially " for it, the electronlmobil of indication of the present invention then is to carry the energy, the elec. vehicle that does not need the particular power source circuit, how to overcome do not have " particular power source circuit " and can be on highway long-distance running? solving an above-mentioned difficult problem is exactly key point of the present invention.
Through looking into the more approaching technical scheme of new prior art and the present invention is disclosed Chinese patent publication number cn1605514 on April 13rd, 2005, the patent No. 200410090796 " a kind of electric public transport system " (hereinafter to be referred as this patent), the present invention relatively has many substantial different and improvement with this patent scheme, its significant difference have following some, now narrated respectively:
1, this patent is named as a kind of electric public transport system, it is a kind of public transit system that is only applicable to the city, its electric bus is that the monomotor that is similar to the monolithic storage battery combination of trackless trolley car drives battery-driven car, its driving system and diff still keep the mechanical gear diff, and mechanical wear is bigger.The present invention is not only applicable to the bus and the small passenger car of carrying, also be applicable to the load carrying vehicle of airport harbour or interurban communication and transportation, the drive system of electronlmobil of the present invention, be many power-driven systems, be not only applicable to pure motorized motions vehicle, also be applicable to the powered vehicle of combustion engine and hybrid power such as electronic, when selecting the driving of electronic or hybrid power for use, all can substitute the mechanical gear diff with E-Diff, driving system has also substituted mechanical drive mode with the mode of direct drive wheel, it is minimum that the mechanical drive loss is reduced to, under equal conditions, the present invention relatively this patent has more obvious energy-saving effect, and once electrically-charged stroke can be longer.
Though 2, this patent has with the replaceable characteristic of storage battery of imitating with the present invention, but its vehicle-mounted and substitute mode all have in essence difference with the present invention, the storage battery of this patent adopts and is similar to square monoblock battery pack, weigh 2 tons, because it is overweight that monoblock is changed battery pack, change very inconvenience; The Vehicular accumulator cell device of this patent, employing increases fixedly suspension bracket mode in addition under electric automobile chassis, all weigh 2 tons storage battery of its suspension bracket carrying, must be very firm, storage battery is placed on the top of suspension bracket, must reduce the height of car chassis, limit electronlmobil, increase the deadweight of electronlmobil exercising the ground-surface requirement.Battery pack of the present invention, adopt stripe shape collection case to organize more and hung vehicle-mounted mode, under equal conditions, vehicle-mounted hang has been saved fixedly the suspension bracket car chassis and has been wanted high, require low to exercising ground-surface, automobile from important light, more stripe shape collection case is organized and is hung storage battery and change more convenient fast than monoblock storage battery, compares especially from the special replacement mechanical facility of storage battery below and comes into plain view.
3, this patent and the present invention change the loading and unloading of battery pack and have all adopted special-purpose mechanical facility, this patent adopts is a kind of mechanical arm that can the Rotate 180 degree has rotating mechanism, this mechanical arm since loading and unloading be that two monoblocks connect weigh 2 tons storage battery of every of bodywork length, it laterally takes up an area of at least two bodywork lengths of distance, add the fore-and-aft distance of driving walking, take bigger occupation of land space; Moreover rotating mechanical arm complex structure, because the weight of each loading and unloading is bigger, the cost of its mechanical arm is inevitable higher, this has just strengthened manufacturing cost, because whole handler weight is very big, inertia is also big naturally, utilizes the driving inertial positioning also difficult, can certainly locate voluntarily with electronlmobil, but load and unload still pretty troublesome.What the present invention adopted is collection case bidirectional conveyor tool, in actual applications, what conveyer played is a function served as bridge, a body width is only arranged, take up an area of less, because the car-mounted device of electronlmobil and the accumulator channel of charging unit are mutual general-duties, and the power connection device of accumulators collection case is symmetrically arranged, the replacing process is one and directly advances the process that directly goes out, under equal conditions, the present invention wants simple than the structure of the replacing mechanical facility of this patent, directly advance the replacing process that directly goes out owing to be one, so also convenient and swift many than the replacing of mechanical arm, the few cost of occupation of land is low, collection case bidirectional conveyor of the present invention in addition, has lifting, laterally, vertical three-dimensional micro-tensioning system, for the location conveying provides great convenience, do not need the walking motor of electronlmobil or driving to position adjustment, carry to the location great convenience is provided.
4, for the electronlmobil that casts anchor on the way, this patent has been described an emergency rescuing system and has promptly been rescued car, the present invention to this rescue system customized design the tool car of electronlmobil, its essential distinction is that the car of promptly rescuing of this patent itself does not possess from the loading and unloading ability, and its work of changing storage battery is that " the auxiliary BOGEY WHEEL and the control handle that manually turn to are arranged " carries out artificial terrestrial operation; And the tool car of electronlmobil of the present invention, include the self-loading and unloading system that winch and collection case conveyer etc. constitute, on the way electronlmobil not needing manually in terrestrial operation when accumulators collection case is changed operation to be carried out, change but electronlmobil is carried out self-service machinery by tool car, save time, made things convenient for the user.
5, this patent and the present invention are provided with the battery charging plant of electronlmobil, the battery-charging station of this patent is that the technology that is provided with its storage battery is complementary, battery-charging station of the present invention is to carry with being provided with of accumulators collection case of the present invention to be complementary, its difference is, the battery-charging station fixed point of this patent fixedly installs, match with its loading-unload machine arm, bigger floor area is arranged, and be not easy to dismounting.Battery-charging station of the present invention is the portable combined battery-charging station, and it is stronger to be installed as heap cordwood system assembling mode randomness, and installing/dismounting is all more convenient, and usable floor area is less, and the construction period is shorter.
6, for power connection device, this patent adopts the alligator clip fixing device that is driven by drive motor, and its structure is complicated, is rigid maker.And of the present invention be the soft maker of rubber-like collision type, use simple, reliable, convenient.
In addition, the present invention also has more characteristic at aspects such as the design of automotive suspension, E-Diff, energy recovery, blocking device, accumulators collection case and controlled battery chargers, this piece of writing is not described one by one, in brief, the present invention is to prior art, having possessed has outstanding substantive distinguishing features and obvious improvement, is further described in conjunction with the accompanying drawings with regard to the specific embodiment of the present invention below.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve " combustion engine " automobile to the dependence of oil with environmental issue such as pollute, people have had an optimistic view of the development prospect of hybrid vehicle and pure electric automobile, but have a headache in the too high difficult problem that is not easy to large-scale promotion and application on the industry of " energy is not abundant " of pure electric automobile and operation cost, the transport systems that the invention provides a kind of multi-power driving electric car of replaceable accumulators collection case can address the above problem preferably, realizes that the design plan of the object of the invention is:
The transport systems that comprises the multi-power driving electric car of a kind of replaceable accumulators collection case that tool car constituted that is equipped with replaceable accumulators collection case, vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus, direct drive electric automotive suspension, multi-power driving electric car, portable combined battery-charging station, collection case bidirectional conveyor, controlled vehicle-mounted electrical system and electronlmobil, described replaceable accumulators collection case is to be suspended on the chassis of described multi-power driving electric car by described vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus, and provides power for electronlmobil; And described multi-power driving electric car is being driven by some electrical motors on the described direct drive electric automotive suspension that is arranged on the carrying electronlmobil under the control of described controlled vehicle-mounted electrical system; When described replaceable accumulators collection case need charge, then finish by described portable combined battery-charging station; Described collection case bidirectional conveyor is the mutual replacing operation that is used for finishing new (charged storage battery), old (storage battery to be charged) accumulators collection case between described multi-power driving electric car and described portable combined battery-charging station; The tool car of described electronlmobil is to be used for the special tool car that described multi-power driving electric car carries out the mutual replacing operation of new, old accumulators collection case on the way of travelling; Described controlled vehicle-mounted electrical system is the control system of all the automatically controlled facilities on the described multi-power driving electric car.
Comprise casing, suspension slide rail, storage battery set pin, collection case push-pull device at fixed and fill the power supply replaceable accumulators collection case that contactless switch constituted, be to be carried as the storage battery carrier that electronlmobil provides power, its casing is the framed structure of a rectangular hollow, in the framed structure of rectangular hollow, be respectively arranged with some group storage batteries equably, every storage battery is fixedly installed on the framework of collection case bottom firmly by the storage battery set pin, in case anti-avulsion falls, certain clearance is all arranged between every storage battery, be beneficial to heat radiation; The suspension slide rail is set on the top of casing and arranged on left and right sides matches, and be locked in firmly on the chassis of described multi-power driving electric car by the blocking device that hangs suspension bracket with the suspension suspension bracket of described vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus; The described power supply contactless switch that fills is wrapped among the insulating protector; before being symmetricly set on casing; the middle part of back both sides; it is the device that connects the charge system of described multi-power driving electric car electric power system or portable combined battery-charging station; before described collection case push-pull device at fixed is arranged on casing; the bottom of back both sides; when described replaceable accumulators collection case is carrying out newly; when old accumulators collection case is changed operation; fulfiled assignment by collection case push-pull device at fixed by described collection case bidirectional conveyor, it is new also to be that tool car that described multi-power driving electric car connects described collection case bidirectional conveyor and electronlmobil carries out described replaceable accumulators collection case; requisite device during old replacing operation.
Comprise and hang the vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus that suspension bracket, collection case blocking device, collection case pinch device and power connection device are constituted, it is the carrier of replaceable accumulators collection case, some groups are hung suspension bracket and are fixedly installed on the chassis of described multi-power driving electric car, every group of suspension suspension bracket is made up of two parallel L shaped steel rails that run through on the electric automobile chassis, can hang on the suspension suspension bracket of every group of L shaped steel rail one group of described replaceable accumulators collection case is installed; Described power connection device then is arranged on the both sides of the bottom, compartment of described multi-power driving electric car, hangs the front end of suspension bracket import and export; Collection case blocking device then is arranged on the both sides of described suspension suspension bracket import and export front portion; When described multi-power driving electric car need be installed described replaceable accumulators collection case, open the power connection device that is arranged on carriage of electric automobile one side, described replaceable accumulators collection case is pushed in the suspension suspension bracket of described vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus by described collection case bidirectional conveyor, when described collection case bidirectional conveyor fulfil assignment leave after, collection case blocking device can be locked in described replaceable accumulators collection case on the suspension suspension bracket automatically; Collection case pinch device is arranged between the chassis and replaceable accumulators collection case of electronlmobil, when the collection case enters the suspension suspension bracket it is compressed, and comes off to guarantee can not rock in the travelling of electronlmobil; Connect the power connection device then, the power supply in the described replaceable accumulators collection case is connected with the electric power system of electronlmobil.
Comprise the multi-power driving electric car that car body, front drive system, rear drive system, frame chassis, vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus, direct drive electric automotive suspension, operator's compartment and controlled vehicle-mounted electrical system are formed, it is the main body in the transport systems of multi-power driving electric car of replaceable accumulators collection case, its car body can be the public transport transport vehicle or the small passenger car of passenger loading, also can be load carrying vehicle or the special vehicle that goods is housed; Described many power drivens are meant that front drive system can select internal combustion engine drive, the power driven system by electrical motor direct drive wheel can be selected by the rear drive system, otherwise, front drive system also can be selected electric motor drive system, internal combustion engine drive is selected by the rear drive system, and perhaps the front and back drive system all selects electric motor drive system all can.When described multi-power driving electric car selects for use power driven system to drive, special-purpose frame chassis and suspension then need be installed, be provided with some groups of described vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus above the frame chassis, some groups of described replaceable accumulators collection cases are installed on the suspension suspension bracket of described vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus; Be arranged on then to be equipped with on the straightly-drive type electronlmobil suspension between electric automobile chassis and the wheel and drive the drive motor that electronlmobil advances; The formation of described operator's compartment and general-utility car operator's compartment are basic identical, but in the instrument display system of operator's compartment, then be equipped with in addition electronlmobil special-purpose microcomputer control system and corresponding instrument thereof show and change-over swith; The controlled vehicle-mounted electrical system of electronlmobil is different with the electric-control system of common internal combustion automobile, except the light that is provided with common internal combustion automobile, air-conditioning, ignition device etc., also be provided with the devices such as electric current, voltage controller, E-Diff and microcomputerized control of electronlmobil special use.
Comprise the direct drive electric automotive suspension that wheel and support thereof, drive splines axle, universal joint bearing, change-speed box, power-transfer clutch, drive motor and electric machine support are constituted, it is the carrier of described direct drive electric automobile driving system, the direct drive electric automotive suspension, be the direct device by power-transfer clutch, change-speed box, universal joint bearing, drive splines axle direct drive wheel by drive motor, drive motor be installed in the coaxial motor special support of wheel and support thereof on the direct drive wheel advance or retreat.
Comprise the accumulators collection case charging rack, controlled battery charger, collection case slide rail, the portable combined battery-charging station that collection case support roller and power connection device are formed, be to carry out electrically-charged electrically-charging equipment for described replaceable accumulators collection case in this transport systems, above the accumulators collection case charging rack, be provided with controlled battery charger, interior segment section at the accumulators collection case charging rack is provided with some joint drawers, the drawer is custom-designed for placing described replaceable accumulators collection case, every joint drawer is a self contained system, can be as piling up the wood arbitrary combination, both sides every joint drawer are provided with one group of collection case slide rail, several collection case support rollers are installed on collection case slide rail, described replaceable accumulators collection case is to enter the accumulators collection case charging rack by the collection case support roller that is arranged on the collection case slide rail, and is placed in the charging rack and charges; Rear end every joint drawer is provided with the power connection device, but described replaceable accumulators collection case is connected with controlled battery charger by the power connection device and carries out controlled charging; Described portable combined battery-charging station is to be combined as piling up wood by some group storage battery collection case charging racks that can work alone, and just can set up a portable combined battery-charging station.In the transport systems of the multi-power driving electric car of described replaceable accumulators collection case, be provided with several described portable combined battery-charging statioies between from the originating point to the destination, described multi-power driving electric car is behind operation one segment distance, the described replaceable accumulators collection case that more renews in any one described portable combined battery-charging station therein, and reach the purpose of continuous operation.
Comprise driving, the conveyer jacking system, the conveyer horizontal mobile device, the collection case bidirectional conveyor that conveyer longitudinal moving device and collection case feedway are formed, it is the special special facilities of changing accumulators collection case for described multi-power driving electric car in this transport systems, the driving of described collection case bidirectional conveyor is located on two parallel tracks of driving, and carrying respectively two the cover conveyers jacking system, horizontal mobile device, longitudinal moving device and collection case feedway, the such device of every cover can be finished more renewing of opposite both direction respectively, the operation of old accumulators collection case, the device that every cover is such is owing to be provided with lifting respectively, laterally with vertically move function, so possessed three-dimensional fine setting within the specific limits, this just makes described collection case bidirectional conveyor can position conveying, has reached accurately and quickly more to renew, the purpose of old accumulators collection case; The lifting of described collection case bidirectional conveyor, laterally all be to finish by being arranged under the HYDRAULIC CONTROL SYSTEM that collects the case bidirectional conveyor with vertically moving.
The tool car that comprises the electronlmobil that car body, replaceable accumulators collection case, winch, hydraulic prop and collection case conveyer are constituted, the tool car of described electronlmobil itself has just constituted an electronlmobil, changes accumulators collection case design-calculated work car when casting anchor for the electronlmobil in exercising on the way specially.Described car body is the car body of electronlmobil just; Described replaceable accumulators collection case is exactly the propulsion source that power is provided for electronlmobil; Described winch is to be used for lifting the cargo-carring special-purpose winch that needs the accumulators collection case of replacing on the tool car; Described hydraulic prop is when tool car is changed the accumulators collection casing working, is used for supporting the car body of tool car, plays the effect of balance car body; Described collection case conveyer is to be used for carrying out the dedicated transport machine that new, old accumulators collection case is changed between the tool car of electronlmobil in exercising the way and electronlmobil, and its structure and function are consistent with a wherein structure and a function of overlapping conveyer on the described collection case bidirectional conveyor.
Comprise lamp dimmer, the door contact interrupter controller, the ignition lock controller, air-conditioner controller, the instrument telltale, sensitive display, electric current, the voltage control telltale, the microprocessor control system of electronlmobil, the source switch assembly, E-Diff, fill power-supply controller and energy recovery and utilize the controlled vehicle-mounted electrical system of control system, it is the control system of all electrical equipment of multi-power driving electric car, lamp dimmer in the described controlled vehicle-mounted electrical system, the door contact interrupter controller, the ignition lock controller, air-conditioner controller, instrument telltales etc. are consistent with the electrical equipment facility of general-utility car; The microprocessor control system of sensitive display, electric current, voltage control telltale, electronlmobil, source switch assembly, E-Diff, filling power-supply controller and energy recovery, to utilize control system then be for electronlmobil institute special configuration.
The casing of described replaceable accumulators collection case is the casing that some group storage batteries are housed of a framed structure, and every storage battery all is that set pin by special use is fixed among the casing firmly in casing; Every group storage battery can carry out parallel connection as required or be connected in series, and the negative or positive electrode of every group storage battery all is connected to filling in the power supply contactless switch of the insulated body parcel that is arranged on both sides before and after the casing by power lead; And be arranged on both sides before and after the casing to fill the power supply contactless switch be symmetric offset spread, after casing turns to displacement position, can not influence the dislocation of filling, powering the contactless switch electrode yet.
Described suspension slide rail is to match with described vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus, be used to hang the device of described replaceable accumulators collection case, perforation is arranged on the top of collection case and arranged on left and right sides, it is the hollow strip square steel of a rectangle, two at this rectangular hollow strip square steel, be provided with holding device and lockhole, rock or come off to prevent that described replaceable accumulators collection case is left and right in described vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus.
Described collection case push-pull device at fixed is the instrument that pushes and pull out when changing described replaceable accumulators collection case, be arranged on the rectangular strip square steel on the bottom that collects the forward and backward both sides of box body, between this rectangular strip square steel and casing, a slit is set, this slit be aim at block described conveyer the push-and-pull shifting block and custom-designed, described collection case conveyer can push described replaceable accumulators collection case or pull out in described vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus and the portable combined charging rack by this device.
The described power supply contactless switch that fills is symmetricly set on the middle part that collects both sides, box body front and back, is the copper card that is wrapped in the insulator, is connected with negative pole with the positive pole of every group storage battery respectively with power lead.
It is the carrier that hangs described replaceable accumulators collection case that described collection case hangs suspension bracket, constituted by two parallel L shaped steel rails that run through on the electric automobile chassis, be provided with the blocking device of collection case what the collection case hung suspension bracket into and out of going into end, after the suspension slide rail of described replaceable accumulators collection case enters collection case suspension suspension bracket, promptly a collection case is locked in the vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus that is arranged on the described multi-power driving electric car chassis firmly by the blocking device that collects case.
Described collection case blocking device be arranged on the collection case hang suspension bracket into and out of the entrance, the supporting setting of unlocking device with the conveyer of described collection case bidirectional conveyor and electronlmobil tool car, after the unlocking device of described collection case conveyer enters the key lock switch of described collection case blocking device, key lock switch is promptly opened, and that collection case conveyer just can carry out is new, the propelling of old accumulators collection case or pull out the replacing operation.
Described power connection device is arranged on the front end of described vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus, flexibly connect with the side box plate of electronlmobil, the power connection device is made of several copper plugs that are wrapped in the insulator, plug is connected by the described controlled vehicle-mounted electrical system of power lead and electronlmobil, after described replaceable accumulators collection case enters described vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus and locking, can connect the power connection device, the electrical source of power of electronlmobil is promptly connected.
Described collection case pinch device is arranged on the top of two described suspension suspension brackets of L type, be fixedly installed on spring on the chassis of electronlmobil, after described replaceable accumulators collection case enters described vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus, promptly it is compressed by collection case pinch device, prevent to collect case and rock up and down.
There is bigger difference on the frame chassis of described electronlmobil and general-utility car chassis, be provided with some groups of described vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus below the chassis of electronlmobil, carrying in vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus is some groups of described replaceable accumulators collection cases of electronlmobil power supply; When electronlmobil adopts electrical motor direct drive wheel, also must be provided with special-purpose described direct drive electric automotive suspension below the frame chassis of electronlmobil.
When if electronlmobil rear drive system adopts the transmission of back wheel direct drive formula, described direct drive electric automotive suspension can replace the back axle that gear differential mechanism is housed of internal combustion automobile, this moment, every group of drive wheel was by an electrical motor direct drive, many group drive wheels can be by multi-section electrical motor direct drive, and forming described many power drivens battery-driven car, the gear differential mechanism of rear drive sprocket is then replaced by the E-Diff of microcomputerized control.
The drive motor of described electronlmobil can be a DC motor, also can be the alternating-current motor/AC motor of band inverter; Drive motor can meet the requirement of low rate start, also will meet the requirement of high-speed operation.
Described electric machine support is to replace the independent suspension that general-utility car has the gear differential mechanism back axle, and electric machine support one end is fixedly installed on the pedestal of electronlmobil wheel, and the other end then is fixedly installed on the electric automobile chassis; And described drive motor, power-transfer clutch, change-speed box, universal joint bearing etc. all can be arranged on the electric machine support, guarantee that the drive motor and the drive wheels of electronlmobil rotate all the time no matter electronlmobil runs into hole or Bao Junneng under steam on same axle center.
The top of described accumulators collection case charging rack is provided with a controlled battery charger that microcomputerized control is arranged; The charging rack that is arranged on the below of controlled battery charger is divided into the accumulators collection case partition of several drawer's shapes, both sides during each cuts off are provided with collection case slide rail, when described replaceable accumulators collection case need charge, then enter in the accumulators collection case partition and charge by slide rail, be equipped with the power connection device at the rear portion of each partition, every group of power connection device just, the configuration of negative pole and accumulators collection case to fill the configuration of power supply contactless switch be consistent, every group of power connection device is connected with the battery charger of charging rack top, charging is finished under microcomputerized control, and each collection case charging rack all can independently be finished charging work.
Described controlled battery charger is to be that described replaceable accumulators collection case design-calculated is by micro-processor controlled battery charger specially, its charging duration, charging current, voltage all can be controlled, and be provided with Water Temperature Sensor in each storage battery, and incessantly storage battery temperature traverse in charging is sent in the microcomputer, microcomputer is constantly adjusted electrically-charged electric current, voltage as required, has not only shortened charging duration widely, also makes battery charge fuller.
Described collection case slide rail connects the both sides that are arranged on the drawer that described accumulators collection case charging rack is separated, and collection case slide rail is provided with several collection case support rollers, and the suspension slide rail that collection case support roller is held described replaceable accumulators collection case charges.
Comprise driving, lifting support, shears, the lifting hydraulic efficiency gear, roller, the jacking system of the described collection case bidirectional conveyor that pulley and steel rope are formed, lifting support is arranged on the top of driving, shears and lifting support sliding block joint, the lifting hydraulic efficiency gear is arranged in the middle of the lifting support, pulley is arranged on two of the top and bottom of lifting support, steel rope connects lifting through one on pulley and falls hydraulic efficiency gear, the other end is connected with lifting tray, when described jacking system carries out dipping and heaving under the control of lifting hydraulic efficiency gear, be to spur shears through pulley, doing on the lifting support by the shears roller by the steel rope that is connected the lifting hydraulic efficiency gear, following dipping and heaving.
Comprise the side travel carriage, the side travel hydraulic efficiency gear, laterally move the horizontal mobile device in the described collection case bidirectional conveyor that rail and side travel support roller formed, described horizontal mobile device is arranged between the below of the top of described jacking system and longitudinal moving device, laterally move on the shears that rail is fixedly installed on described jacking system, one of side travel hydraulic efficiency gear is fixedly installed on the shears, the other end is connected with the side travel carriage, side travel support roller band the side travel carriage, under side travel hydraulic efficiency gear control, make cross motion in the rail laterally moving.
Comprise and vertically move carriage, vertically move hydraulic efficiency gear, vertically move rail and the longitudinal moving device that vertically moves in the described collection case bidirectional conveyor that support roller forms, described longitudinal moving device is arranged between the below of the top of described horizontal mobile device and feedway, vertically moving rail is fixedly installed on the side travel carriage, vertically moving one of hydraulic efficiency gear is fixedly installed on the side travel carriage, the other end with vertically move carriage and be connected, vertically moving the support roller band and vertically moves carriage, vertically moving under the hydraulic efficiency gear control, travelling longitudinally vertically moving in the rail.
Comprise transport carrier, carry support roller, chain, carry the push-and-pull shifting block and carry motor to constitute collection case feedway, described collection case feedway is arranged on described longitudinal moving device top, when described replaceable accumulators collection case is carried operation, at first be placed on and be provided with on several transport carriers of carrying support roller, carry support roller to carry described replaceable accumulators collection case and be moved to back, position startup conveying motor in the effect of longitudinal moving device, the conveying driven by motor is arranged on the conveyer chain row culture circular movement on the transport carrier, chain is provided with carries the push-and-pull shifting block, carry operation by the push-pull device at fixed that the push-and-pull shifting block blocks on the described replaceable accumulators collection case, described replaceable accumulators collection case collection case is pushed or pulls out in the described vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus.
Described winch is arranged on the steel I-beam on top, tool car compartment of electronlmobil, is the special tool that is used for lifting the described replaceable accumulators collection case on the tool car.
Described hydraulic prop is arranged on the rear lower of the tool car of electronlmobil, when the tool car of described electronlmobil need more renew, during old accumulators collection casing working, hydraulic prop plays the effect of supporting with balance to tool car.
Wherein structure and the function of a cover collection case conveyer on the collection case conveyer of the tool car of described electronlmobil and the described collection case bidirectional conveyor are consistent, and the collection case conveyer that different is in the tool car is for the electronlmobil in travelling on the way more renews, old accumulators collection case is custom-designed.
The E-Diff that wheel drive electric machine controller, foreign steamer drive motor controller and differential controller are formed in comprising, when described multi-power driving electric car is turned, E-Diff under the control of differential controller, the curtage of wheel drive motor in the wheel drive electric machine controller lowers in the indication, make inboard vehicle wheel rotational speed slack-off, the indication foreign steamer drive motor controller corresponding curtage that increases the foreign steamer drive motor, the vehicle wheel rotational speed that makes the outside are accelerated and are played differential action.
Fill power-supply controller in the described controlled vehicle-mounted electrical system, when described replaceable accumulators collection case carries out new, old replacing operation, fill outage and power supply operation that power-supply controller is used for finishing collection case power supply; When described replaceable accumulators collection case carried out charging operation under the vehicle-mounted state, filling power-supply controller was to be used for finishing the electrically-charged requisite hierarchy of control of vehicle-mounted state.
Comprise the recuperated energy change over controller, braking sensor, generating sensor and energy recovery cond utilize control system in interior energy recovery, it is electronlmobil carries out energy recovery at downhill running and glancing impact system, because the electrical motor of electronlmobil is a drive motor when driving battery-driven car, need the storage battery in the collection case to power, but when on electronlmobil braking or sloping road, sliding, wheel drives the motor rotation, can be designed to electrical generator, its energy can be recycled, when the braking sensor of described multi-power driving electric car sends speed-slackening signal or the generating sensor sends the generating signal, described energy recovery utilizes control system to start working, disconnect the circuit of accumulators collection case by the recuperated energy change over controller, connect the energy recovery cond, the energy storage that reclaims is stored for future use in the energy recovery cond.
The connecting portion of described replaceable accumulators collection case, the collection case connecting portion of portable combined battery-charging station, the collection case connecting portion of vehicle-mounted collection case suspension gear, the collection case connecting portion of collection case bidirectional conveyor, the collection case connecting portion of the tool car of electronlmobil all is mutual general-duty, hang suspension bracket, collection case blocking device by general-duty collection case track, collection case support roller, collection case, the track connecting device, registration device and compacting device constitute, and make described replaceable accumulators collection case can both successfully change operation in arbitrary device of native system.
The operating method of the transport systems of the multi-power driving electric car of replaceable accumulators collection case is: adopt several portable combined battery-charging statioies are set in this transport systems, operate in multi-power driving electric car in the native system by constantly changing described replaceable accumulators collection case method, improve the flying power of described multi-power driving electric car, when described multi-power driving electric car need be changed described replaceable accumulators collection case, described collection case bidirectional conveyor is at first unloaded in described portable combined battery-charging station on the feedway that next only charged replaceable accumulators collection case leaves described collection case bidirectional conveyor in, on battery-driven car, pull out needs by another feedway of collection case bidirectional conveyor then and carry out storage batteries collection case again, by collection case bidirectional conveyor charged accumulators collection case is pushed in the described vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus on the electronlmobil respectively at last and go, accumulators collection case to be charged is put back on the charging rack of described portable combined battery-charging station and upgrades charging.
The tool car operating method of described electronlmobil is: when casting anchor in described multi-power driving electric car is travelling the way, need to change described replaceable accumulators collection case, the tool car of described electronlmobil just uses, the conveyer of tool car is at first pulled out car body to the accumulators collection case to be charged on the electronlmobil, and be lifted on by winch in the container of tool car, and then the new charged accumulators collection case in the tool car container is pushed in the described vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus on the electronlmobil by conveyer goes, and reach the flying power of continuity electronlmobil.
Description of drawings:
Accompanying drawing 1 is the transport systems composition frame chart of the multi-power driving electric car of replaceable accumulators collection case.
Accompanying drawing 2 is transport systems running charts of the multi-power driving electric car of replaceable accumulators collection case.
Accompanying drawing 3 is schematic perspective views of replaceable accumulators collection case 100.
Accompanying drawing 4A is the cross set pin of storage battery; Accompanying drawing 4B is a storage battery T font set pin.
Accompanying drawing 5 is schematic perspective views of vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus 200.
Accompanying drawing 6 is pinch device scheme drawings of vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus 200.
Accompanying drawing 7A is the upper and lower holding device scheme drawing of replaceable accumulators collection case 100.
Accompanying drawing 7B is the left and right holding device scheme drawing of replaceable accumulators collection case 100.
Accompanying drawing 8 is multi-power driving electric car 400 schematic perspective views.
Accompanying drawing 9 is lateral plans of direct drive electric automotive suspension 300.
Accompanying drawing 10 is back views of direct drive electric automotive suspension 300.
Accompanying drawing 11 is front elevations of the accumulators collection case charging rack in the portable combined battery-charging station 500.
Accompanying drawing 12 is heap cordwood system assembling scheme drawings of portable combined battery-charging station 500.
Accompanying drawing 13 is portable combined battery-charging station 500 Computerized monitor system schematic block diagrams.
But accompanying drawing 14 is the controlled battery charger 40 controlled charging schematic block diagrams on the accumulators collection case charging rack 37.
Accompanying drawing 15 is collection case bidirectional conveyor 600 front views.
Accompanying drawing 16 is collection case bidirectional conveyor 600 attached views.
Accompanying drawing 17 is jacking system 42 main scheme drawings of looking of conveyer
Accompanying drawing 18 is the horizontal mobile device 43 of conveyer, the schematic top plan view of longitudinal moving device 44.
Accompanying drawing 19 is collection case feedway 45 main scheme drawings of looking of conveyer.
Accompanying drawing 20 is collection case feedway 45 schematic side view of conveyer.
Accompanying drawing 21 is tool car 800 schematic side view of electronlmobil.
Accompanying drawing 22 is attached scheme drawings of looking of the tool car 800 of electronlmobil.
Accompanying drawing 23 is composition schematic block diagrams of controlled vehicle-mounted electrical system 700.
Accompanying drawing 24 is E-Diff 80 control principle schematic block diagrams.
Accompanying drawing 25 is energy recovery schematic block diagram that energy recovery utilizes control system 82.
Embodiment
Accompanying drawing 1 is the composition frame chart of transport systems of the multi-power driving electric car of the replaceable accumulators collection case of the present invention, as can be seen from Figure 1 comprise replaceable accumulators collection case 100, vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus 200, direct drive electric automotive suspension 300, multi-power driving electric car 400, portable combined battery-charging station 500, collection case bidirectional conveyor 600, the tool car 800 of controlled vehicle-mounted electrical system 700 and electronlmobil has constituted the transport systems of a complete electronlmobil, and we can obtain an electronlmobil circulation line that reaches environmental protection and energy saving and time-saving and efficiency by this system.
Accompanying drawing 2 is running charts that system is sent in the transportation of the multi-power driving electric car of the replaceable accumulators collection case of the present invention, as shown in the figure, when multi-power driving electric car 400 during from departure point, at first to arrive portable combined battery-charging station 500, can set out on a journey by the charged replaceable accumulators collection case 100 that collection case bidirectional conveyor 600 more renews, between departure point and destination, be provided with several portable combined battery-charging statioies 500, have sufficient electric power to arrive the destination to guarantee electronlmobil; If when in the way of travelling power shortage taking place, then by the tool car 800 of electronlmobil finish in transit more renew, the mission of old storage battery, make multi-power driving electric car 400 arrive destinations smoothly.
More than you know in order to make each several part of the present invention form embodiment, we are divided into 8 parts below and are described in detail.
1, replaceable accumulators collection case 100
Accompanying drawing 3 is schematic perspective views of replaceable accumulators collection case 100, as shown in Figure 3, replaceable accumulators collection case 100 of the present invention is individuals, it is the energy unit that supply is driven electronlmobil---storage battery 5 is concentrated and is placed in the casing 1 of a framed structure, and by filling power supply contactless switch 4 to drive motor power supply or accept the accumulators collection zoarium of store electrical energy by the battery charger charging, this just makes the electronlmobil of " energy is not abundant " originally, reach the purpose of continuous makeup energy by the mode of continuous replacing accumulators collection case, and become the electronlmobil of " energy is abundant ".For the faster convenience of the replacing that makes accumulators collection case, we have designed suspension slide rail 2, the collection case is possessed vehicle-mounted flying characteristic is arranged, simultaneously, but constituted the Multi Loading and Unloading Functions of collection case by collection case push-pull device at fixed 3 and slit 7, the straight-line motion by collection case conveyer can push the collection case in the suspension gear of car body easily or pull out from the body suspension device; Every storage battery 5 is fixed on respectively on the base plate of collection case firmly by cross set pin 10 and T word set pin 11, make it and to rock, every storage battery 5 connects it serial or parallel connection with power lead 8 in the collection case as required, and power supply contactless switch 4 charges or outwards power supply by filling; Be arranged on casing 1 forward and backward two ends to fill power supply contactless switch 4 are the copper cards that are wrapped in the insulator 6, the electrode arrangement at two ends is symmetrical, even the collection case turns to the positive and negative electrode dislocation that also can not influence electrode; For the collection case can be locked in the vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus 200, also be provided with lockhole 9 at four angles on casing 1 top, come off in the travelling of electronlmobil to prevent casing 1.Accompanying drawing 4A and accompanying drawing 4B are cross set pin of storage battery and T font set pin.
2, vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus 200
Accompanying drawing 5, accompanying drawing 6, accompanying drawing 7A and accompanying drawing 7B are the vehicle-mounted scheme drawings of replaceable accumulators collection case 100 and vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus 200, for replaceable accumulators collection case 100 is fixed on the frame chassis of electronlmobil firmly, the vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus 200 of reliable design must lack, as shown in Figure 5, the L type of vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus 200 hangs the below that suspension bracket 12 is fixedly installed on the frame chassis 19 of electronlmobil, for replaceable accumulators collection case 100 is successfully entered in the vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus 200, on the L type hangs suspension bracket 12, be provided with several collection casees and hang support roller 20; On electronlmobil side carriage plate 18, also be provided with power connection device 13, between power connection device 13 and side carriage plate 18, be provided with several springs 17, its objective is when the filling power supply contactless switch 4 and contact of the copper plug 15 of power connection device 13 and replaceable accumulators collection case 100, an elastic buffer effect is arranged, to collecting the effect that case also has an elasticity to hold out against; Copper plug 15 is connected in the controlled vehicle-mounted electrical system 700 by power lead 16; Front end at vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus 200 is provided with blocking device 14, when replaceable accumulators collection case 100 is transferred machine and pushes vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus 200, at first entering positioning port 21 by unlocking device 22 opens blocking device 14, after casing 1 all enters vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus 200, unlocking device 22 leaves locking mouth 21, and casing 1 promptly locks by lockhole 9.Accompanying drawing 6, accompanying drawing 7A, accompanying drawing 7B are the scheme drawings that holds out against and compress casing 1 of other several modes of taking in order to prevent replaceable accumulators collection case 100 from rocking in the travelling of electronlmobil, and casing 1 is by being arranged on frame chassis 19 and hanging compressing the decorative pearl on top of an official cap 25 by stage clip 23 and press closer in top board 26 in the slide rail 2.
3, multi-power driving electric car 400
Fig. 8 is the schematic perspective view of multi-power driving electric car 400, from Fig. 8 we as can be seen multi-power driving electric car 400 are main bodys of delivery system of the multi-power driving electric car of whole replaceable accumulators collection case, and replaceable accumulators collection case 100, vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus 200, direct drive electric automotive suspension 300 and controlled vehicle-mounted electrical system 700 all are the affiliated facilities of multi-power driving electric car 400.As shown in Figure 8: replaceable accumulators collection case 100 is fixed on the chassis of multi-power driving electric car 400 firmly by the vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus 200 that is arranged on the frame chassis 19; Controlled vehicle-mounted electrical system 700 is arranged in the compartment of multi-power driving electric car 400; The same left front that is arranged on electronlmobil of operator's compartment 27 with general-utility car; Front drive system 28 is arranged on the front portion of electronlmobil, the front lower place of frame chassis 19; The rear drive system is provided with 29 rear portions that are arranged on electronlmobil, the back lower place of frame chassis 19.The front drive system of multi-power driving electric car 400 can adopt the fuel oil drive system of general-utility car, then drive system can adopt electric motor driven power driven system, otherwise, front drive system also can adopt electric drive system, the rear drive system also can adopt the fuel oil drive system, and perhaps forward and backward drive system all can adopt electric drive system.
4, the direct drive electric automotive suspension 300
Accompanying drawing 9 is the side-looking and the back view of direct drive electric automotive suspension 300 with accompanying drawing 10, as can be seen from the figure, when no matter the front drive system of multi-power driving electric car 400 or rear drive system adopt electric drive system, then must redesign the suspension of electronlmobil, to adapt to the requirement of new drive system, direct drive electric automotive suspension 300 of the present invention is realized by electrical motor direct drive wheel.As Fig. 9 and shown in Figure 10: electric machine support 36 is fixedly installed on the below of frame chassis 19; The left and right sides of electric machine support 36 is respectively arranged with drive motor 35, and drive motor 35 is whole a setting with power-transfer clutch 34, all is fixedly installed on the electric machine support 36; Power-transfer clutch 34 should design together with change speed gear box, but the change speed gear box of electronlmobil is generally two-speed transmission, and simpler, if select high efficiency motor applied widely for use, power-transfer clutch 34 and change speed gear box also can save need not; Power-transfer clutch 34 can directly be connected and direct drive wheel 30 with universal joint bearing 33 and drive splines axle 32 with change speed gear box; Wheel 30 by wheel stand 31 just our usually said suspension be connected with frame chassis 19 elasticity.
5, the portable combined battery-charging station 500
Accompanying drawing 11 and accompanying drawing 12 are the front elevation of portable combined battery-charging station 500 accumulators collection case charging racks and the battery-charging station assembly drawing of piling up wood block type, for the multi-power driving electric car 400 that makes " energy is not abundant " makeup energy constantly, we need to be provided with several portable combined battery-charging statioies 500 in transport systems, as shown in Figure 11: an accumulators collection case charging rack 37 in the portable combined battery-charging station 500 is the charging racks that can independently finish charging work, as shown in Figure 12: portable combined battery-charging station 500 adopts the wooden form of accumulation by several accumulators collection case charging racks 37 and sets up, so set up very convenient and quick.And accumulators collection case charging rack 37 also to be charging case by some joints drawers 38 combine; Be provided with collection case slide rail 39 in every joint drawer's 38 both sides, several collection case support rollers 20 are installed on collection case slide rail, more successfully enter among the drawer 38 to guarantee replaceable accumulators collection case 100; Be provided with power connection device 13 in drawer 38 rear end, charge to guarantee that casing 1 is connected with controlled battery charger 40 by power connection device 13; Above accumulators collection case charging rack 37, be provided with controlled battery charger 40, all controlled battery chargers 40 all are to work under the micro computer monitoring control of battery-charging station in battery-charging station, accompanying drawing 13 is portable combined battery-charging station 500 Computerized monitor system scheme drawings, but accompanying drawing 14 is the controlled battery charger 40 controlled charging schematic block diagrams on the accumulators collection case charging rack 37, and as shown in the figure: the process of charging of every controlled battery charger 40 is all carried out under micro computer monitoring.
6, collection case bidirectional conveyor 600
When multi-power driving electric car 400 need carry out the replacing operation of new, old replaceable accumulators collection case 100, we have designed collection case bidirectional conveyor 600 and have changed operation, accompanying drawing 15 is that collection case bidirectional conveyor 600 gets front view, accompanying drawing 16 is collection case bidirectional conveyor 600 birds-eye vieies, as shown in FIG.: collection case bidirectional conveyor 600 is located in the driving 41, driving 41 is located on two parallel rail 46, and the living conveyer of two covers is separately positioned on the right and left above the driving; Conveyer is made up of jacking system 42, horizontal mobile device 43, longitudinal moving device 44 and collection case feedway 45 again, constituted one and can carry out the system that carry three-dimensional fine setting location, replaceable accumulators collection case 100 carries out replacing operation new, old accumulators collection case by a such delivery system exactly between electronlmobil and battery-charging station.Jacking system 42 is arranged between the top and horizontal mobile device 43 bottoms of driving 1; Horizontal mobile device 43 is arranged between the bottom of the top of jacking system 42 and longitudinal moving device 44; Longitudinal moving device 44 is arranged between the top and collection case feedway 45 of horizontal mobile device 43; Collection case feedway 45 is arranged on the top of longitudinal moving device 44.
Accompanying drawing 17 is that the master of the jacking system 42 of conveyer looks scheme drawing, as shown in the figure: jacking system 42 is arranged between the bottom of driving 41 top and horizontal mobile device 43, steel rope 52 is by being arranged on the pulley 51 of lifting support 47 top and bottom, one is connected with lifting hydraulic efficiency gear 49, and the other end is connected with shears 48; Under the control of the lifting hydraulic efficiency gear 49 in being arranged at driving 41 grooved frameworks,, on lifting support 47, move do oscilaltion perpendicular to driving 41 by lifting roller 50 by pulley 51 pulling steel ropes 52.
Accompanying drawing 18 is schematic top plan view of the horizontal mobile device 43 and the longitudinal moving device 44 of conveyer, and as shown in the figure: horizontal mobile device 43 is arranged between the bottom of the top of jacking system 42 and longitudinal moving device 44; One end of side travel hydraulic efficiency gear 55 is fixedly installed on the shears 48, and the other end is connected with side travel carriage 53; Horizontal mobile device 43 is moved laterally in laterally moving rail 53 by side travel tugboat 56 under the control of side travel hydraulic efficiency gear 55; Longitudinal moving device 44 is arranged between the bottom of the top of horizontal mobile device 43 and collection case feedway 45, and an end that vertically moves hydraulic efficiency gear 59 is fixedly installed on the side travel carriage 53, the other end with vertically move carriage 58 and be connected.Longitudinal moving device 44 vertically moves in vertically moving rail 57 by vertically moving tugboat 60 vertically moving under hydraulic efficiency gear 59 controls.
Accompanying drawing 19 and accompanying drawing 20 are front view and lateral plans of the collection case feedway 45 of conveyer, as shown in the figure: feedway 45 is arranged on the top of longitudinal moving device 44, replaceable accumulators collection case 100 is located on the conveying support roller 60 of transport carrier 61 of feedway 45, when described replaceable accumulators collection case 100 is carried operation, then start and carry motor 65, carry motor 65 to drive chain 63 and on conveying roller frame 61, make circular movement, two pairs of push-and-pulls are set on chain 63 set 64 ahead, when chain 63 is done the cw motion, a push-and-pull wherein sets 64 ahead can be by the slit 7 of replaceable accumulators collection case 100, block collection case push-pull device at fixed 3 in the inboard, casing 1 is pulled out from the charging drawer 38 of vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus 200 or portable combined battery-charging station 500; When chain 63 is done conter clockwise when motion, 64 push-pull device at fixed 3 that can block replaceable accumulators collection case 100 are set in a push-and-pull wherein ahead, casing 1 are pushed among the charging drawer 38 of vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus 200 or portable combined battery-charging station 500 to go.
7, the tool car 800 of electronlmobil
When casting anchor in the way that multi-power driving electric car 400 is travelling, the tool car 800 that then needs to set out electronlmobil rush to repair for it or in the way of travelling, more renew, old accumulators collection casing working.Accompanying drawing 21 is schematic side view of the tool car 800 of electronlmobil, accompanying drawing 22 is attached scheme drawings of looking of the tool car 800 of electronlmobil, as shown in the figure: the tool car 800 of electronlmobil itself can constitute an electronlmobil, can certainly adopt the regular fuel automobile.The tool car 800 of electronlmobil is by the tool car car body, replaceable accumulators collection case 100, winch 67, hydraulic prop 68, I-beam section crossbeam 70 and collection case conveyer 69 constitute, in tool car is travelling the way, carry out new, when old accumulators collection case is changed operation, the replaceable accumulators collection case 100 that at first will change, pull out from vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus 400 by conveyer, and be placed on the container of tool car by the winch 67 that is arranged on the I-beam section crossbeam 70, again new replaceable accumulators collection case 100 is hung on the conveyer 69 by winch 67 then, to collect case by conveyer 69 and push in the vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus 400 and go, promptly finish the replacing operation.The principle of work of the conveyer in the collection case conveyer of the tool car 800 of electronlmobil and the collection case bidirectional conveyor 500 is consistent with being provided with; If when the tool car of electronlmobil adopts motor-driven, several vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus 400 must be set on frame chassis, several replaceable accumulators collection cases 100 are installed in vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus 400; Be arranged on the hydraulic prop 68 of the rear lower of tool car, play the effect of support and balance tool car car body.8, vehicle control syetem 700
Accompanying drawing 23 is composition schematic block diagrams of controlled vehicle-mounted electrical system, and as can be seen from the figure controlled vehicle-mounted electrical system 700 comprises ordinary appliances control system 71, microprocessor control system 72 and source switch assembly 73; In ordinary appliances control system 71, also comprise lamp dimmer 74, door contact interrupter controller 75, ignition lock controller 76, air-conditioner controller 77 and instrument telltale 78; In microprocessor control system 72, also comprise electric current, voltage control telltale 79, electronics difference device 80, fill power-supply controller 81 and energy recovery utilizes control system 82.Accompanying drawing 24 is electronics difference device 80 control principle schematic block diagrams, as can be seen from the figure, when described multi-power driving electric car 400 is turned, under 80 controls of electronics difference device, the curtage of drive motor 85 in wheel drive controller 83 reduces in the indication, the side drive wheel rotating speed is slack-off in making, indication foreign steamer driving governor 84, increase the curtage of outer drive motor 86, outer wheel drive rotating speed is accelerated and reach the purpose of electronics difference device.
Accompanying drawing 25 is energy recovery principles of construction schematic block diagrams that energy recovery utilizes control system 82, because the electrical motor of electronlmobil is a drive motor when driving electronlmobil, but when electronlmobil braking or downhill running, wheel drives the motor rotation, can be designed to electrical generator, it is exactly to use this principle and design-calculated that energy recovery in the vehicle control syetem 700 utilizes control system 82, as shown in the figure, when the change over signal in the sensor is shown as drive motor, start driving condition by change-over swith, powered to drive motor by the storage battery in the replaceable accumulators collection case 100 this moment, and drive motor drives electronlmobil; When electronlmobil is in braking or during downhill running, the change over signal in the sensor is the generating signal, start energy recovery state this moment, by electrical generator to energy recovery charge of a capacitor and store electrical energy; Energy in the energy recovery cond can carry out the dual mode discharge by the capacitor charging/discharging change-over swith, and a kind of is can be directly to the drive motor discharge, and moment starts electronlmobil; Another kind is to charge to storage battery, recycling energy storage in storage battery.
Industrial applicibility
The present invention is not only applicable to public transit vehicle and the car of carrying, is applicable in airport, harbour or the public transport transportation yet Goods stock, the prospect that has a very wide range of applications, be a kind of be again energy-conservation traffic and transportation system of environmental protection.

Claims (39)

1. the transport systems of the multi-power driving electric car of a replaceable accumulators collection case, comprise the system support facility that tool car constituted that is equipped with replaceable accumulators collection case, vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus, direct drive electric automotive suspension, multi-power driving electric car, portable combined battery-charging station, collection case bidirectional conveyor, controlled vehicle-mounted electrical system and electronlmobil, it is characterized in that: described replaceable accumulators collection case is to be suspended on the chassis of described multi-power driving electric car by described vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus, and provides power for electronlmobil; And described multi-power driving electric car is driven by some electrical motors on the described direct drive electric automotive suspension that is arranged on the carrying electronlmobil under the control of described controlled vehicle-mounted electrical system; When described replaceable accumulators collection case need charge, then finish by described portable combined battery-charging station; Described collection case bidirectional conveyor is to be used for finishing between described multi-power driving electric car and described portable combined battery-charging station mutual replacing operation new, old accumulators collection case; The tool car of described electronlmobil is to be used for the special tool car that described multi-power driving electric car carries out the mutual replacing operation of new, old accumulators collection case on the way of travelling; Described controlled vehicle-mounted electrical system is the control system of all the automatically controlled facilities on the described multi-power driving electric car.
2. the replaceable accumulators collection case in the transport systems of the multi-power driving electric car of replaceable accumulators collection case described in claim 1, comprise casing, hang slide rail, the storage battery set pin, collect the case push-pull device at fixed and fill the power supply contactless switch and constitute, it is characterized in that: the casing of described replaceable accumulators collection case is the framed structure of a rectangular hollow, in the framework of rectangular hollow, be respectively arranged with some group storage batteries equably, every storage battery is fixedly installed on the framework of collection case bottom firmly by the storage battery set pin, in case anti-avulsion falls, certain clearance is all arranged between every storage battery, be beneficial to heat radiation; Be provided with the suspension slide rail on the top of casing and arranged on left and right sides and match, and be locked in firmly on the chassis of described multi-power driving electric car by the blocking device that hangs suspension bracket with the suspension suspension bracket of described vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus; The described power supply contactless switch that fills is wrapped among the insulator, and the electric power system on the middle part that is symmetricly set on the forward and backward both sides of casing and the described multi-power driving electric car or the charge system of portable combined battery-charging station match; Described collection case push-pull device at fixed is arranged on the bottom of the forward and backward both sides of casing, when described replaceable accumulators collection case is carrying out new, old accumulators collection case when changing operation, being fulfiled assignment by collection case push-pull device at fixed by described collection case bidirectional conveyor, also is tool car that described many power drivens automobile connects described collection case bidirectional conveyor and electronlmobil requisite device when carrying out new, old replacing operation such as described replaceable accumulators collection case.
3. the vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus in the transport systems of the multi-power driving electric car of replaceable accumulators collection case described in claim 1, comprise that hanging suspension bracket, power connection device, collection case blocking device and collection case pinch device constitutes, it is characterized in that: some groups are hung suspension bracket and are fixedly installed on the chassis of described multi-power driving electric car, every group of suspension suspension bracket is made up of two parallel L shaped steel rails that run through on the electric automobile chassis, can hang on the suspension suspension bracket of every group of L shaped steel rail one group of described replaceable accumulators collection case is installed; Described power connection device then is arranged on the both sides of the bottom, compartment of described multi-power driving electric car, the suspension suspension bracket advances, the front end of outlet, collection case blocking device then is arranged on described suspension suspension bracket and advances, go out the both sides in epistome, when described multi-power driving electric car need be installed described replaceable accumulators collection case, open the power connection device that is arranged on carriage of electric automobile one side, described replaceable accumulators collection case is pushed in the suspension suspension bracket of described vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus by described collection case bidirectional conveyor, when described collection case bidirectional conveyor fulfil assignment leave after, collection case blocking device can be locked in described replaceable accumulators collection case on the suspension suspension bracket automatically; Collection case pinch device is arranged between the chassis and replaceable accumulators collection case of described multi-power driving electric car, when the collection case enters the suspension suspension bracket, it is compressed, come off to guarantee in the travelling of electronlmobil, can not rock, the power supply contactless switch that fills with power connection device and described replaceable accumulators collection case is connected at last, makes the electric power system connection of power supply and described multi-power driving electric car in the described replaceable accumulators collection case.
4. the multi-power driving electric car in the transport systems of the multi-power driving electric car of replaceable accumulators collection case described in claim 1, comprise that car body, front drive system, rear drive system, frame chassis, direct drive electric automotive suspension, operator's compartment and controlled vehicle-mounted electrical system form, it is characterized in that: car body can be the public transport transport vehicle or the small passenger car of passenger loading, also can be load carrying vehicle or the special vehicle that goods is housed; Described many power drivens are meant that front drive system can select internal combustion engine drive, the power driven system by electrical motor direct drive wheel can be selected by the rear drive system, otherwise, front drive system also can be selected direct motor drive, then drive system is selected internal combustion engine drive, and perhaps the front and back drive system all selects electric drive system all can.When described multi-power driving electric car selects for use power driven system to drive, special-purpose frame chassis and suspension then need be installed, be provided with some groups of described vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus above the frame chassis, some groups of described replaceable accumulators collection cases are installed on the suspension suspension bracket of described vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus; Described direct drive electric automotive suspension is arranged between electric automobile chassis and the wheel, then is equipped with on the suspension to drive the drive motor that electronlmobil advances; The formation of described operator's compartment and general-utility car operator's compartment are basic identical, but in the instrument display system of operator's compartment, then be equipped with in addition electronlmobil special-purpose microcomputer control system and corresponding instrument thereof show and change-over swith; The controlled vehicle-mounted electrical system of electronlmobil is different with the electric-control system of common internal combustion automobile, except the light that is provided with common internal combustion automobile, air-conditioning, ignition device etc., also be provided with the devices such as electric current, voltage controller, E-Diff and microcomputerized control of electronlmobil special use.
5. the direct drive electric automotive suspension in the transport systems of the multi-power driving electric car of replaceable accumulators collection case described in claim 1, comprise wheel and support thereof, the drive splines axle, universal joint bearing, change-speed box, power-transfer clutch, drive motor and electric machine support constitute, it is characterized in that: described direct drive electric automotive suspension, be by be installed in the coaxial motor special support of wheel and support thereof on drive motor directly pass through power-transfer clutch, change-speed box, universal joint bearing, the device of drive splines axle direct drive wheel is arranged between the chassis and wheel and support thereof of described multi-power driving electric car.
6. the portable combined battery-charging station in the transport systems of the multi-power driving electric car of replaceable accumulators collection case described in claim 1, comprise the accumulators collection case charging rack, controlled battery charger, collection case slide rail, collection case support roller, power connection device and Computerized monitor system are formed, it is characterized in that: the top of accumulators collection case charging rack is provided with controlled battery charger, interior segment section at the accumulators collection case charging rack is provided with some joint drawers, the drawer is custom-designed for placing described replaceable accumulators collection case, every joint drawer is independently, can arbitrarily be provided with and be combined into some joints as piling up wood, both sides every joint drawer are provided with one group of collection case slide rail, several collection case support rollers are installed on collection case slide rail, described replaceable accumulators collection case is to enter the accumulators collection case charging rack by the collection case support roller that is arranged on the collection case slide rail, and is placed in the charging rack and charges; Rear end every joint drawer is provided with the power connection device, but described replaceable accumulators collection case is connected with controlled battery charger by the power connection device and carries out controlled charging; Described portable combined battery-charging station is to be combined as piling up wood by some group storage battery collection case charging racks that can work alone, just can set up a portable combined battery-charging station, and the controlled battery charger above every group storage battery charging rack all is to be regulated and control by the computer supervisory control system of battery-charging station.
7. the transport systems of the multi-power driving electric car of replaceable accumulators collection case described in claim 1, it is characterized in that: operate in the electronlmobil in this system, be provided with several described portable combined battery-charging statioies between from the originating point to the destination, when described multi-power driving electric car behind operation one segment distance, the described replaceable accumulators collection case that more renews in any one described portable combined battery-charging station and reach the purpose of continuous operation therein.
8. the collection case bidirectional conveyor in the transport systems of the multi-power driving electric car of replaceable accumulators collection case described in claim 1, comprise driving, the conveyer jacking system, the conveyer horizontal mobile device, conveyer longitudinal moving device and collection case feedway are formed, it is characterized in that: the driving of described collection case bidirectional conveyor is located on two parallel tracks, and carrying respectively two the cover jacking systems, horizontal mobile device, the conveyer that longitudinal moving device and collection case feedway are formed, every cover collection case conveyer can be finished more renewing of opposite both direction respectively, the operation of old accumulators collection case, the device that every cover is such is owing to be provided with lifting respectively, laterally with vertically move function, so possessed three-dimensional fine setting within the specific limits, this just makes described collection case bidirectional conveyor can position conveying, has reached accurately and quickly more to renew, the purpose of old accumulators collection case; The lifting of described collection case bidirectional conveyor, laterally all be to finish by being arranged on the hydraulic efficiency pressure system that collects the case bidirectional conveyor with vertically moving.
9. the tool car of the electronlmobil in the transport systems of the multi-power driving electric car of replaceable accumulators collection case described in claim 1, comprise that car body, replaceable accumulators collection case, winch, hydraulic prop and collection case conveyer constitute, it is characterized in that: the tool car of described electronlmobil itself has just constituted an electronlmobil, and described car body is the car body of electronlmobil just; Described replaceable accumulators collection case is exactly the propulsion source that power is provided for electronlmobil; Described winch is to be used for lifting the cargo-carring special-purpose winch that needs the accumulators collection case of replacing on the tool car; Described hydraulic prop is when tool car is changed the accumulators collection casing working, is used for supporting the car body of tool car, plays the effect of balance car body; Described collection case conveyer is to be used for carrying out the dedicated transport machine that new, old accumulators collection case is changed operation between the tool car of electronlmobil in exercising the way and electronlmobil, and its structure and function are consistent with structure and function that a wherein cover on the described collection case bidirectional conveyor collects the case conveyer.
10. the controlled vehicle-mounted electrical system in the transport systems of the multi-power driving electric car of replaceable accumulators collection case described in claim 1, comprise lamp dimmer, the door contact interrupter controller, the ignition lock controller, air-conditioner controller, the instrument telltale, sensitive display, electric current, the voltage control telltale, the microprocessor control system of electronlmobil, the source switch assembly, E-Diff, fill power-supply controller and energy recovery utilizes control system, it is characterized in that: the lamp dimmer in the described controlled vehicle-mounted electrical system, door contact interrupter controller, ignition controller, air-conditioner controller, instrument telltales etc. are consistent with the electrical equipment facility of general-utility car; The microprocessor control system of sensitive display, electric current, voltage control telltale, electronlmobil, source switch assembly, E-Diff, filling power-supply controller and energy recovery, to utilize control system then be for described multi-power driving electric car institute special configuration.
11. the casing of replaceable accumulators collection case described in claim 2, it is characterized in that: the casing of described replaceable accumulators collection case, be a framed structure casing that the rectangular hollow of some group storage batteries is housed, every storage battery all is that set pin by special use is fixed among the casing firmly in casing; Every group storage battery can carry out parallel connection as required or be connected in series, and the negative or positive electrode of every group storage battery all is connected to filling in the power supply contactless switch of the insulated body parcel that is arranged on both sides before and after the casing by power lead; And be arranged on both sides before and after the casing to fill the power supply contactless switch be symmetric offset spread, after casing turns to displacement position, can not influence the dislocation of filling, powering the contactless switch electrode yet.
12. the suspension slide rail of replaceable accumulators collection case described in claim 2, it is characterized in that: described suspension slide rail is to match with described vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus, be used to hang the device of described replaceable accumulators collection case, perforation is arranged on the top of collection case and arranged on left and right sides, it is the hollow strip square steel of a rectangle, two at this rectangular hollow strip square steel is provided with holding device and lockhole, rocks or comes off to prevent that described replaceable accumulators collection case is left and right in described vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus.
13. the collection case push-pull device at fixed of replaceable accumulators collection case described in claim 2, it is characterized in that: described collection case push-pull device at fixed is the instrument that pushes and pull out when changing described replaceable accumulators collection case, before being arranged on the collection box body, rectangular strip square steel on the bottom of back both sides, between this rectangular strip square steel and casing, a slit is set, this slit be aim at block described collection case conveyer the push-and-pull shifting block and custom-designed, described collection case conveyer can push described replaceable accumulators collection case or pull out in described vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus and the portable combined charging rack by this device.
14. replaceable accumulators collection case fills the power supply contactless switch described in claim 2, it is characterized in that: the described power supply contactless switch that fills is symmetricly set on the middle part that collects both sides, box body front and back, be the copper card that is wrapped in the insulator, be connected with negative pole with the positive pole of every group storage battery respectively with power lead.
15. the suspension suspension bracket described in claim 3 in the vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus, it is characterized in that: described suspension suspension bracket is the carrier that hangs described replaceable accumulators collection case, constituted by two parallel L shaped steel rails that run through on the electric automobile chassis, be provided with the blocking device of collection case what hang suspension bracket into and out of going into end, after the suspension slide rail of described replaceable accumulators collection case all enters the suspension suspension bracket, promptly a collection case is locked in the vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus that is arranged on the described multi-power driving electric car chassis firmly by the blocking device that collects case.
16. the power connection device described in claim 3 in the vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus, it is characterized in that: described power connection device is arranged on the front end of described vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus, flexibly connect with the side box plate of electronlmobil, the power connection device is made of several copper plugs that are wrapped in the insulator, plug is connected by the described controlled vehicle-mounted electrical system of power lead and electronlmobil, after described replaceable accumulators collection case enters described vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus and locking, can connect the power connection device, the electrical source of power of electronlmobil is promptly connected.
17. the collection case blocking device described in claim 3 in the vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus, it is characterized in that: described collection case blocking device be arranged on the collection case hang suspension bracket into and out of the entrance, the supporting setting of unlocking device with the conveyer of described collection case bidirectional conveyor and electronlmobil tool car, after the unlocking device of described collection case conveyer enters the key lock switch of described collection case blocking device, key lock switch is promptly opened, and that collection case conveyer just can carry out is new, the propelling of old accumulators collection case or pull out the replacing operation.
18. the collection case pinch device described in claim 3 in the vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus, it is characterized in that: described collection case pinch device is arranged on the top of two described suspension suspension brackets of L type, be fixedly installed on spring on the chassis of electronlmobil, after described replaceable accumulators collection case enters described vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus, promptly it is compressed, prevent to collect case and rock up and down by collection case pinch device.
19. the frame chassis of multi-power driving electric car described in claim 4, it is characterized in that: there is bigger difference on the frame chassis of described multi-power driving electric car and general-utility car chassis, be provided with some groups of described vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus below the chassis of multi-power driving electric car, carrying in vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus is some groups of described replaceable accumulators collection cases of electronlmobil power supply; When multi-power driving electric car adopts the electrical motor direct drive, also must be provided with special-purpose described direct drive electric automotive suspension below the frame chassis of electronlmobil.
20. direct drive electric automotive suspension described in claim 1 and 5, it is characterized in that: when adopting the transmission of back wheel direct drive formula as if multi-power driving electric car rear drive system, described direct drive electric automotive suspension can replace the back axle that gear differential mechanism is housed of internal-combustion engines vehicle, this moment, every group of drive wheel was by an electrical motor direct drive, many group drive wheels can be by multi-section electrical motor direct drive, and forming described many power drivens battery-driven car, the gear differential mechanism of rear drive system is then replaced by the E-Diff of microcomputerized control.
21. the drive motor described in claim 5 in the direct drive electric automotive suspension is characterized in that: described drive motor can be a DC motor, also can be the alternating-current motor/AC motor of band inverter; Drive motor can meet the requirement of low rate start, also will meet the requirement of high-speed operation.
22. the electric machine support described in claim 5 in the direct drive electric automotive suspension, it is characterized in that: described electric machine support is to replace the independent suspension that general-utility car has the diff back axle, electric machine support one end is fixedly installed on the pedestal of electronlmobil wheel, the other end then is fixedly installed on the electric automobile chassis, and described drive motor, power-transfer clutch, change-speed box, universal joint bearing etc. all can be arranged on the electric machine support.
23. the accumulators collection case charging rack described in claim 6 in the portable combined battery-charging station is characterized in that: the top of described accumulators collection case charging rack is provided with a battery charger that microcomputerized control is arranged; Being arranged on the accumulators collection case that is divided into several drawer's shapes in the charging rack of below of battery charger cuts off, both sides during each cuts off are provided with collection case slide rail, when described replaceable accumulators collection case need charge, then enter in the accumulators collection case partition and charge by slide rail, be equipped with the power connection device at the rear portion of each partition, every group of power connection device just, it is consistent that the configuration of negative pole is disposed for contactless switch with filling of accumulators collection case, every group of power connection device is connected with the battery charger of charging rack top, charging is finished under microcomputerized control, and each accumulators collection case charging rack all can independently be finished charging work.
24. the controlled battery charger described in claim 6 in the portable combined battery-charging station, it is characterized in that: described controlled battery charger is to be that described replaceable accumulators collection case design-calculated is by micro-processor controlled battery charger specially, its charging duration, charging current, voltage all can be controlled, in each storage battery, be provided with Water Temperature Sensor, and incessantly storage battery temperature traverse in charging is sent in the microcomputer, microcomputer is constantly adjusted electrically-charged electric current, voltage as required, not only shortened charging duration widely, also made battery charge fuller.
25. the collection case slide rail described in claim 6 in the portable combined battery-charging station, it is characterized in that: described collection case slide rail connects the both sides that are arranged on the drawer that described accumulators collection case charging rack is separated, collection case slide rail is provided with several collection case support rollers, and the suspension slide rail that collection case support roller is held described replaceable accumulators collection case charges.
26. the Computerized monitor system described in claim 6 in the portable combined battery-charging station, it is characterized in that: every the controlled battery charger that is arranged on the charging rack top is connected by interface in the Computerized monitor system of battery-charging station, and the process of charging of every described replaceable accumulators collection case is all regulated and control by the Computerized monitor system of battery-charging station.
27. the jacking system described in claim 8 in the collection case bidirectional conveyor, comprise driving, lifting support, shears, the lifting hydraulic efficiency gear, roller, pulley and steel rope constitute, it is characterized in that: lifting support is arranged on the top of driving, shears and lifting support sliding block joint, the lifting hydraulic efficiency gear is arranged in the middle of the lifting support, pulley is arranged on the upper end of lifting support or two of lower end, steel rope connects the lifting hydraulic efficiency gear through one on pulley, the other end is connected with lifting tray, when described lifting hydraulic efficiency gear carries out dipping and heaving, be to spur shears through pulley, doing on the lifting support by the shears roller by the steel rope that is connected the lifting hydraulic efficiency gear, following dipping and heaving.
28. the horizontal mobile device described in claim 8 in the collection case bidirectional conveyor, comprise and laterally move rail, the side travel carriage, side travel hydraulic efficiency gear and side travel support roller constitute, it is characterized in that: described horizontal mobile device is arranged between the top and longitudinal moving device below of described jacking system, laterally move on the shears that rail is fixedly installed on described jacking system, one of side travel hydraulic efficiency gear is fixed on the shears, the other end is connected with the side travel carriage, side travel support roller band the side travel carriage, under side travel hydraulic efficiency gear control, make cross motion in the rail laterally moving.
29. the longitudinal moving device described in claim 8 in the collection case bidirectional conveyor, comprise and vertically move rail, vertically move carriage, vertically move hydraulic efficiency gear and vertically move support roller, it is characterized in that: described longitudinal moving device is arranged on the top of described horizontal mobile device and collects between the below of case feedway, vertically moving rail is fixedly installed on the side travel carriage, vertically moving one of hydraulic efficiency gear is fixedly installed on the side travel carriage, the other end with vertically move carriage and be connected, vertically moving the support roller band and vertically moves carriage, vertically moving under the hydraulic efficiency gear control, travelling longitudinally vertically moving in the rail.
30. the collection case feedway described in claim 8 in the collection case bidirectional conveyor, comprise transport carrier, carry support roller, chain, push-and-pull shifting block and conveying motor constitute, it is characterized in that: described collection case feedway is arranged on described longitudinal moving device top, when described replaceable accumulators collection case is carried operation, at first be placed on the transport carrier that is provided with some groups of conveying support rollers, carry support roller to carry described replaceable accumulators collection case under the effect of longitudinal moving device, move into place the back and start the conveying motor, the conveying driven by motor is arranged on the conveyer chain row culture circular movement on the transport carrier, chain is provided with the push-and-pull shifting block, block push-pull device at fixed on the described replaceable accumulators collection case by the push-and-pull shifting block, described replaceable accumulators collection case is pushed or pulls out in described vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus or the accumulators collection case charging rack.
31. the winch described in claim 9 in the tool car of electronlmobil, it is characterized in that: described winch is arranged on the steel I-beam on top, tool car compartment of described electronlmobil, is the special tool that is used for lifting the described replaceable accumulators collection case on the tool car.
32. the hydraulic prop described in claim 9 in the tool car of electronlmobil, it is characterized in that: described hydraulic prop is arranged on the rear lower of tool car, when the tool car of described electronlmobil need more renew, during old accumulators collection casing working, hydraulic prop is propped the rear portion of tool car, tool car is played the effect of supporting with balance.
33. the collection case conveyer described in claim 9 in the tool car of electronlmobil, it is characterized in that: wherein structure and the function of a cover conveyer on described collection case conveyer and the described collection case bidirectional conveyor are consistent, and the collection case conveyer that different is in the tool car is for the electronlmobil in travelling on the way more renews, old accumulators collection case is custom-designed.
34. the E-Diff described in claim 10 in the controlled vehicle-mounted electrical system, wheel drive electric machine controller, foreign steamer drive motor controller and differential controller in comprising, it is characterized in that: when described multi-power driving electric car is turned, under the control of differential controller, the curtage of wheel drive motor in the wheel drive electric machine controller lowers in the indication, make inboard vehicle wheel rotational speed slack-off, the indication foreign steamer drive motor controller corresponding curtage that increases the foreign steamer drive motor, the vehicle wheel rotational speed that makes the outside are accelerated and are played differential action.
35. fill power-supply controller described in claim 10 in the controlled vehicle-mounted electrical system, it is characterized in that: when described replaceable accumulators collection case carries out new, old replacing operation, fill outage and power supply operation that power-supply controller is used for finishing collection case power supply; When described replaceable accumulators collection case carried out charging operation under the vehicle-mounted state, filling power-supply controller was to be used for finishing the electrically-charged requisite hierarchy of control of vehicle-mounted state.
36. the energy recovery described in claim 10 in the controlled vehicle-mounted electrical system utilizes control system, comprise the recuperated energy change-over swith, braking sensor, generating sensor and energy recovery cond, it is characterized in that: because the electrical motor of electronlmobil is a drive motor when driving battery-driven car, need the storage battery in the collection case to power, but when on electronlmobil braking or sloping road, sliding, wheel drives the motor rotation, can be designed to electrical generator, its energy can be recycled, when the braking sensor of described multi-power driving electric car sends speed-slackening signal or the generating sensor sends the generating signal, described energy recovery utilizes control system to start working, disconnect the circuit of accumulators collection case by the recuperated energy change-over swith, connect the energy recovery cond, the energy storage that reclaims is stored for future use in the energy recovery cond.
37. according to claim 1,2,3,4,6,7,8, the connecting portion of the replaceable accumulators collection case in the transportation system of the multi-power driving electric car of replaceable accumulators collection case described in 9, it is characterized in that: the connecting portion of described replaceable accumulators collection case, the collection case connecting portion of portable combined battery-charging station, the collection case connecting portion of vehicle-mounted collection case suspension gear, the collection case point of attachment of collection case bidirectional conveyor, the collection case connecting portion of the tool car of electronlmobil all is mutual general-duty, by general-duty collection case delivery track, blocking device, the track connecting device, registration device and compacting device constitute.
38. the operating method of the transport systems of the multi-power driving electric car of replaceable accumulators collection case, comprise the tool car that is provided with replaceable accumulators collection case, multi-power driving electric car, portable combined battery-charging station, collection case bidirectional conveyor and electronlmobil, it is characterized in that: this transport systems adopts several portable combined battery-charging statioies is set in system, by constantly changing the method for described replaceable accumulators collection case, improve the flying power of described multi-power driving electric car; When described multi-power driving electric car need be changed described replaceable accumulators collection case, described collection case bidirectional conveyor is at first unloaded next charged again described replaceable accumulators collection case and is left on the feedway of described collection case bidirectional conveyor in described portable combined battery-charging station, on electronlmobil, pull out the accumulators collection case to be charged in another Geju City then by another feedway of described collection case bidirectional conveyor, by described collection case bidirectional conveyor charged new accumulators collection case is pushed in the described vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus on the electronlmobil respectively at last and go, old accumulators collection case to be charged is put back on the charging rack at described portable charged station and charges, continued the ability that continues of electronlmobil by the method for above-mentioned continuous replacing accumulators collection case.
39. the operating method of the transport systems of the multi-power driving electric car of replaceable accumulators collection case described in claim 38, its feature also is: when needing to change described replaceable accumulators collection case in described multi-power driving electric car is travelling the way, the tool car of described electronlmobil just uses, conveyer on the tool car is at first pulled out car body to the old accumulators collection case on the electronlmobil, and be lifted on by winch in the container of tool car, and then the new accumulators collection case in the tool car container is pushed in the described vehicle-mounted collection case apparatus on the electronlmobil by conveyer goes, and reach the flying power of the electronlmobil that continuity casts anchor in exercising the way.
CNA2007101235451A 2007-07-02 2007-07-02 Conveying system of multi-power driving electric car capable of replacing accumulators collection case Pending CN101130359A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA2007101235451A CN101130359A (en) 2007-07-02 2007-07-02 Conveying system of multi-power driving electric car capable of replacing accumulators collection case

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA2007101235451A CN101130359A (en) 2007-07-02 2007-07-02 Conveying system of multi-power driving electric car capable of replacing accumulators collection case

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101130359A true CN101130359A (en) 2008-02-27

Family

ID=39127807

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNA2007101235451A Pending CN101130359A (en) 2007-07-02 2007-07-02 Conveying system of multi-power driving electric car capable of replacing accumulators collection case

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN101130359A (en)

Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101823473A (en) * 2010-05-31 2010-09-08 团国兴 Mobile battery change system for electric automobile by utilizing mobile battery change vehicle
CN101890942A (en) * 2010-08-11 2010-11-24 李立国 Automatic battery pack changing system for electric automobile and battery conveying method thereof
CN102139647A (en) * 2011-02-25 2011-08-03 云南昆船设计研究院 Logistics system used for changing vehicle-mounted batteries
CN102358221A (en) * 2011-07-29 2012-02-22 邱进煊 Battery box logistic distribution and delivery vehicle
CN102431527A (en) * 2011-10-21 2012-05-02 山东电力集团公司临沂供电公司 Application method of vehicle battery pack replacement device
CN102770302A (en) * 2009-11-26 2012-11-07 希尔文艾森特股份有限公司 Electric vehicle charging station and charge receiving arrangement for a vehicle
CN102904297A (en) * 2012-09-11 2013-01-30 苏州市莱赛电车技术有限公司 Device for charging electromobile at top
CN103130191A (en) * 2013-03-25 2013-06-05 北京乾润开元环保科技有限公司 Ozone generator
CN103326415A (en) * 2012-03-22 2013-09-25 Lgcns株式会社 Method and apparatus for charging and discharging battery pack
CN104627012A (en) * 2015-01-29 2015-05-20 柳州市同进汽车零部件制造有限公司 Transportation system of multi-power-driven electric vehicle
CN105313849A (en) * 2014-08-05 2016-02-10 潘世澄 Method for prolonging running mileage of pure electric taxi
CN109624779A (en) * 2018-12-03 2019-04-16 浙江吉智新能源汽车科技有限公司 A kind of automobile changes electric installation and electric car

Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102770302B (en) * 2009-11-26 2016-01-20 希尔文艾森特股份有限公司 Electric vehicle charging station and the charging receiver for vehicle
CN102770302A (en) * 2009-11-26 2012-11-07 希尔文艾森特股份有限公司 Electric vehicle charging station and charge receiving arrangement for a vehicle
CN101823473A (en) * 2010-05-31 2010-09-08 团国兴 Mobile battery change system for electric automobile by utilizing mobile battery change vehicle
CN101823473B (en) * 2010-05-31 2012-08-15 团国兴 Mobile battery change system for electric automobile by utilizing mobile battery change vehicle
CN101890942A (en) * 2010-08-11 2010-11-24 李立国 Automatic battery pack changing system for electric automobile and battery conveying method thereof
CN101890942B (en) * 2010-08-11 2016-08-10 李立国 A kind of batteries of electric automobile group automatic-exchanging system and battery transfer approach thereof
CN102139647A (en) * 2011-02-25 2011-08-03 云南昆船设计研究院 Logistics system used for changing vehicle-mounted batteries
CN102358221B (en) * 2011-07-29 2016-11-16 国网福建省电力有限公司龙岩供电公司 Battery compartment logistics distribution vehicle
CN102358221A (en) * 2011-07-29 2012-02-22 邱进煊 Battery box logistic distribution and delivery vehicle
CN102431527A (en) * 2011-10-21 2012-05-02 山东电力集团公司临沂供电公司 Application method of vehicle battery pack replacement device
CN102431527B (en) * 2011-10-21 2014-04-09 国家电网公司 Application method of vehicle battery pack replacement device
CN103326415A (en) * 2012-03-22 2013-09-25 Lgcns株式会社 Method and apparatus for charging and discharging battery pack
CN102904297A (en) * 2012-09-11 2013-01-30 苏州市莱赛电车技术有限公司 Device for charging electromobile at top
CN103130191B (en) * 2013-03-25 2016-01-06 北京乾润开元环保科技有限公司 A kind of ozonizer
WO2014154059A1 (en) * 2013-03-25 2014-10-02 北京乾润开元环保科技有限公司 Ozone generator
CN103130191A (en) * 2013-03-25 2013-06-05 北京乾润开元环保科技有限公司 Ozone generator
CN105313849A (en) * 2014-08-05 2016-02-10 潘世澄 Method for prolonging running mileage of pure electric taxi
CN104627012A (en) * 2015-01-29 2015-05-20 柳州市同进汽车零部件制造有限公司 Transportation system of multi-power-driven electric vehicle
CN109624779A (en) * 2018-12-03 2019-04-16 浙江吉智新能源汽车科技有限公司 A kind of automobile changes electric installation and electric car

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN101130359A (en) Conveying system of multi-power driving electric car capable of replacing accumulators collection case
ES2392974T3 (en) An electric bus system
WO2014106164A1 (en) A battery-powered all-electric and/or hybrid locomotive and related locomotive and train configurations
CN102358266A (en) Emergency movable battery replacing vehicle and battery replacing method thereof
CA2555418A1 (en) System for supplying very low voltage electrical energy for an electrical traction vehicle comprising an onboard store of energy
CN201960320U (en) Assembling and disassembling platform for passenger car excrement accumulator
KR101266914B1 (en) Catenary free low floor tram system
CN202574160U (en) System for quickly replacing battery of electric sedan
CN207190822U (en) A kind of electric automobile mobile charging single track from cruise brush electric system
CN102039823A (en) Electric vehicle and charging method thereof
CN202208283U (en) Mobile power cell replacing vehicle for emergency
CN101774355A (en) Rail transportation system powered by solar energy
CN101772437B (en) Power supply installation for a railway vehicle
CN205971013U (en) Removal is filled and is traded trolley -bus
CN2932629Y (en) Drawer-type electric vehicle storage battery, accessory tool and charging battery frame
CN201960321U (en) Feces collection device disassembling trolley
CN107697037A (en) Battery of electric vehicle intelligence loading and unloading mobile charging device and method
CN209395787U (en) The empty iron series of Novel hung structure are united
CN201516809U (en) Supercapacitor electric vehicle
CN208469763U (en) The quick electrical changing station of electric car
CN102050158A (en) Split-type electrocar and power trailer thereof
CN201516811U (en) Electric automobile
CN207190810U (en) Empty iron rail system with power reservoir capacity
CN206141340U (en) Braking recovery unit and train of train
CN206437001U (en) A kind of overhead rail photovoltaic power road traffic system

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C02 Deemed withdrawal of patent application after publication (patent law 2001)
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication