CN100537404C - Large-tonnage platform loop wheel machine - Google Patents

Large-tonnage platform loop wheel machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100537404C
CN100537404C CNB2007100149196A CN200710014919A CN100537404C CN 100537404 C CN100537404 C CN 100537404C CN B2007100149196 A CNB2007100149196 A CN B2007100149196A CN 200710014919 A CN200710014919 A CN 200710014919A CN 100537404 C CN100537404 C CN 100537404C
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China
Prior art keywords
crossbeam
support
fixed
hinged
loop wheel
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CNB2007100149196A
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CN101100269A (en
Inventor
章立人
兰公英
张谭龙
韩华伟
姜效瑜
滕瑶
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Yantai CIMC Raffles Offshore Co Ltd
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YANTAI RAFFLES OCEANOGRAPHIC ENGINEERING Co Ltd
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Priority to CNB2007100149196A priority Critical patent/CN100537404C/en
Publication of CN101100269A publication Critical patent/CN101100269A/en
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Abstract

The present invention discloses one kind of great tonnage platform crane, which consists of four uprights fixed on ground, operating room, winch, crossbeams, pulley block, steel cable, sling dog and electric control system. The crossbeams are in variable cross section welding structure, and there is one hoisting mechanism in each end of each crossbeam. The present invention has the features of great hoisting tonnage, great span, multiple sustained center, smooth running, crossbeam translation structure and capacity of fitting several kinds of sustained center.

Description

A kind of large-tonnage platform loop wheel machine
Technical field
The invention belongs to the weight-lifting equipment technical field, especially relate to a kind of construction offshore platform large-tonnage loop wheel machine.
Background technology
Because the offshore platform weight ratio is huger, build offshore platform at present, the general sectional construction that adopts, adopt small-sized loop wheel machine or marine crane barge segmental hoisting, and then assembly unit is welded as a whole, so often need repeatedly to lift, production time is long, inefficiency has a big risk, simultaneously because the marine operation circumstance complication, affected by environment bigger during segmental hoisting, it is not in place that lifting takes place when weather conditions are complicated easily, makes that the location is inaccurate mutually between the segmentation platform, causes trouble to construction, and the platform of building like this is because weld nugget is more, can't guarantee welding quality, thereby influence the flat-bed total quality, and construction duration and laid down cost also can be subjected to bigger influence.Existing small-sized loop wheel machine generally is built on the translation track, and same single-piece excessively moves adjusts the lifting position, and the less stable of loop wheel machine can't satisfy the requirement of large-tonnage lifting like this.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to improve the deficiency of prior art and provide that a kind of lifting tonnage is big, span is big, lift is high, suspension centre is many, the translation that hoists steadily, adopt the cross beam translation structure, can adapt to the large-tonnage platform loop wheel machine that multiple suspension centre requires.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this, a kind of many suspension centres of large-tonnage crane in bridge type, form by column, operator's compartment, crossbeam, winch, assembly pulley, steel rope, suspension hook and electric control system, it is that column is four and fixes with ground that its characteristics are levied, two relative root posts are with high, be higher than away from dock gate two column height near dock gate side two column height, the two ends of crossbeam are arranged at respectively on the contour two relative columns, section of beam is box-shaped and adopts the variable section welded structure that the both sides of every crossbeam are provided with a cover lifting mechanism.
In order further to realize purpose of the present invention, the junction that can be crossbeam and column is provided with cross beam translation device, this device is respectively to be fixed with slippage oil cylinder hinged-support at crossbeam and both sides, column coupling end subordinate side, plane, slippage oil cylinder hinged-support place is axially vertical with crossbeam, be provided with two axial cover hydraulic rams of vertical crossbeam in the middle of the slippage oil cylinder hinged-support, the hydraulic ram two ends are individually fixed on two slippage oil cylinder hinged-supports, be provided with latching device in the middle of the two cover hydraulic rams, be provided with locking track in parallel in the middle of the two cover hydraulic rams, establish the transverse-moving mechanism pumping plant in the hydraulic ram upper beam, pumping plant is connected with the hydraulic ram pipeline, slippage oil cylinder hinged-support is provided with hinged-support near the crossbeam medial side, hinged-support top and crossbeam are fixed, the following slipping area of hinged-support is a polyfluortetraethylene plate that is fixed in the hinged-support bottom, the following slipping area of hinged-support contacts the down-shift board of its below, hinged-support two side bottoms contact down-shift board with the slippage pressing plate, the vertical crossbeam of slippage pressing plate is axially fixed on the column.
In order further to realize purpose of the present invention, can be to be provided with a maintenance hoisting crane at the two ends of every crossbeam, the inside of every crossbeam is provided with cucurbit and hangs.
In order further to realize purpose of the present invention, can be to be provided with anchoring device and windproof cable between every root post and the crossbeam on it, anchoring device is that both sides, beam-end below respectively are fixed with anchor supports, 2 anchor supports are along crossbeam direction outside internal fixation spiral lifting support, the spiral lifting support is provided with spiral lift, the spiral lift lower bearing pin is anchor plate fixedly, and spiral lift is connected with the anchor supports outer hand wheel.
In order further to realize purpose of the present invention, can be that described lifting mechanism is that winch is the 3-8 platform, winch is reduced to the center by the hoisting machine cross beam end successively along distribution of hoisting machine cross beam direction and height, the opposite side at hoisting machine cross beam middle part be fixed with the winch equal number on leading sheave, last leading sheave height is reduced to the center successively by the hoisting machine cross beam end of nearside, the bottom of hoisting machine cross beam is provided with and the same number of leading sheave down of last leading sheave, be fixed with 2-8 group fixed pulley group under each on the below hoisting machine cross beam of leading sheave, the last leading sheave of the opposite side that every winch is relative with it respectively, following leading sheave, the fixed pulley group is by the steel rope winding, the suspension hook group that the fixed pulley group is fixed together and is formed by single stay hook by the steel rope winding, axle connects a suspension hook on each stay hook, the number of suspension hook group is identical with the number of fixed pulley group, and adjacent suspension hook group is fixed together.
In order further to realize purpose of the present invention, can be that described suspension hook is to be connected and composed by the above equalizing bar axle of two-stage, each equalizing bar is provided with the connection axis hole that three triangles distribute, the base angle of higher level's equalizing bar two connections axis hole is connected the axis hole axle with the drift angle place of subordinate's equalizing bar respectively and links together, and two at the base angle of afterbody equalizing bar connects the circular grapple of a lower opening of difference axle connection on the axis hole.
In order further to realize purpose of the present invention, can be that described suspension hook is to be connected and composed by the above equalizing bar axle of 2-8 level.
In order further to realize purpose of the present invention, can be that shrinking device place, the terminal end of every steel rope is provided with LOAD CELLS.
Compared with the prior art the present invention has following distinguishing feature and good effect: the present invention adopts four root posts to build on the ground, two relative root posts are with high, be higher than away from dock gate two column height near dock gate side two column height, the two ends of crossbeam are arranged at respectively on the two relative columns, the both sides of every crossbeam are provided with a cover lifting mechanism, column is better for the support of whole loop wheel machine like this, can satisfy the needs of large-tonnage lifting, column is not contour both can to have been satisfied platform and had shifted near the needs that shift out, and had reduced the loop wheel machine cost simultaneously; The junction of crossbeam and column is provided with the hydraulic pressure cross beam translation device, and translation is steady, can adjust the position of crossbeam on column, thereby adjusts suspension centre, satisfies the suspension centre requirement of different liftings; Every cover lifting mechanism by steel rope and last leading sheave, leading sheave, fixed pulley group and suspension hook group winding down, has strengthened the tonnage that hoists by 3-6 platform winch, has increased suspension centre simultaneously, lifts more reliable and more stable; Suspension hook adopts multistage balance block structure and a plurality of suspension hook, and is stressed so even, and a plurality of suspension hook hoisting platforms make platform stressed evenly simultaneously, the problem of having avoided the concentrated platform structure that causes of suspension centre to be damaged; Crossbeam is provided with the maintenance hoisting crane and Hu Lu hangs, and is convenient to the present invention itself is keeped in repair; Be provided with anchoring device and windproof cable between column and the crossbeam on it, can guarantee the firm and reliable connection between crossbeam and column, anchoring device is used for fixing girder, outer hand wheel is to be connected with spiral lift, control the lifting of grappling by the rotation of outer hand wheel, anchor plate drops in the anchor hole and fixes crossbeam, and the grappling rise is then removed crossbeam and fixed, and has improved security and stability.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples the present invention is described in further detail.
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the side direction view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a kind of structural representation of cross beam translation device of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the cutaway view of Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is an another kind of structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is anchoring device of the present invention and windproof cable part-structure scheme drawing.
Fig. 7 is a kind of structural representation of lifting mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a kind of structural representation of suspension hook of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1, a kind of large-tonnage platform loop wheel machine, with reference to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, be to be fixed with four root posts 1 on the ground, two relative root posts 1 are with high, highly be higher than away from dock gate two columns 1 height near dock gate side two columns 1, the two ends of crossbeam 3 are arranged at respectively on relative contour two columns 1, crossbeam 3 cross sections are box-shaped and adopt the variable section welded structure, the both sides of every crossbeam 3 are provided with a cover by winch 4, the lifting mechanism 8 that assembly pulley 5 and suspension hook 7 are formed, jack up unit 8 adopts the jack up unit structure of existing loop wheel machine, 1 of two root post at homonymy are provided with operator's compartment 2, electric control system is controlled the electric apparatus of whole loop wheel machine, and this constitutes a kind of structure of the present invention.
Embodiment 2, a kind of large-tonnage platform loop wheel machine, with reference to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, be on the basis of embodiment 1, crossbeam 3 is provided with cross beam translation device with the junction of column 1, this device is respectively to be fixed with slippage oil cylinder hinged-support 9 in crossbeam 3 and both sides, column 1 coupling end subordinate side, plane, slippage oil cylinder hinged-support 9 place is axially vertical with crossbeam 3, be provided with two axial cover hydraulic rams 10 of vertical crossbeam 3 in the middle of the slippage oil cylinder hinged-support 9, hydraulic ram 10 two ends are individually fixed on two slippage oil cylinder hinged-supports 9, be provided with latching device 11 in the middle of the two cover hydraulic rams 10, be provided with locking track 12 in parallel in the middle of the two cover hydraulic rams 10, establish transverse-moving mechanism pumping plant 13 in hydraulic ram 10 upper beam 3, pumping plant 13 is connected with hydraulic ram 10 pipelines, slippage oil cylinder hinged-support 9 is provided with hinged-support 14 near crossbeam 3 medial side, hinged-support 14 tops and crossbeam 3 are fixing, the following slipping area of hinged-support 14 is a polyfluortetraethylene plate that is fixed in the hinged-support bottom, the following slipping area of hinged-support 14 contacts the down-shift board 15 of its below, 14 liang of side bottoms of hinged-support contact with slippage pressing plate 16, down-shift board 15, slippage pressing plate 16 vertical crossbeams 3 are axially fixed on the column 1, and other and embodiment 1 are identical.
Embodiment 3, a kind of large-tonnage platform loop wheel machine, with reference to Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 6, Fig. 7, be on the basis of embodiment 2, be provided with a maintenance hoisting crane 17 at the two ends of every crossbeam, the inside of every crossbeam is provided with cucurbit and hangs 18,3 on every root post 1 and the crossbeam on it are provided with anchoring device and windproof cable 19, anchoring device is that both sides, below, crossbeam 3 ends respectively are fixed with anchor supports 20,2 anchor supports 20 are along crossbeam direction outside internal fixation spiral lifting support 21, spiral lifting support 21 is provided with spiral lift 22, spiral lift 22 lower bearing pins are anchor plate 28 fixedly, spiral lift 22 is connected with anchor supports 20 outer hand wheels 23, lifting mechanism is that winch 4 is the 3-8 platform, winch 4 is reduced to the center by hoisting machine cross beam 3 ends successively along distribution of hoisting machine cross beam 3 directions and height, the opposite side at hoisting machine cross beam 3 middle parts be fixed with winch 4 equal number on leading sheave 24, last leading sheave 24 height are reduced to the center successively by hoisting machine cross beam 3 ends of nearside, the bottom of hoisting machine cross beam 3 is provided with and last leading sheave 24 the same number of leading sheaves 25 down, be fixed with 2-8 group fixed pulley group 26 under each on the below hoisting machine cross beam 3 of leading sheave 25, the last leading sheave 24 of the opposite side that every winch 4 is relative with it respectively, following leading sheave 25, fixed pulley group 26 is by steel rope 6 windings, the suspension hook group 27 that fixed pulley group 26 is fixed together and is formed by single stay hook by steel rope 6 windings, axle connects a suspension hook 7 on each stay hook, the number of suspension hook group 27 is identical with the number of fixed pulley group 26, adjacent suspension hook group 27 is fixed together, and other and embodiment 2 are identical.
Embodiment 4, a kind of large-tonnage platform loop wheel machine, with reference to Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 6, Fig. 7, Fig. 8, be on the basis of embodiment 3, suspension hook 7 is to be connected and composed by 28 of the above equalizing bars of two-stage, the top of afterbody equalizing bar 28 is provided with one and connects axis hole, other grades equalizing bar 28 is provided with the connection axis hole that three triangles distribute, the base angle of upper class equalizing bar 28 two connections axis hole is connected the axis hole axle with the drift angle place of subordinate's equalizing bar 28 respectively and links together, the circular grapple 29 that connects a lower opening on the base angle of afterbody equalizing bar 28 respectively, suspension hook 7 can be to be connected and composed by 28 of the above equalizing bars of 2-8 level, present embodiment adopts two-stage balanced beam 28 to constitute, shrinking device place, the every terminal end of steel rope is provided with LOAD CELLS, the sensor weight transmitting is given electric control system, and other and embodiment 3 are identical.

Claims (8)

1, a kind of large-tonnage platform loop wheel machine, be by column (1), operator's compartment (2), crossbeam (3), winch (4), assembly pulley (5), steel rope (6), suspension hook (7) and electric control system are formed, it is characterized in that column (1) is four and fixes with ground, relative two root posts (1) are with high, highly be higher than highly near dock gate side two columns (1) away from dock gate two columns (1), the two ends of crossbeam (3) are arranged at respectively on contour relative two columns (1), crossbeam (3) cross section is box-shaped and adopts the variable section welded structure that the both sides of every crossbeam (3) are provided with a cover lifting mechanism (8).
2, a kind of large-tonnage platform loop wheel machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that the crossbeam (3) and the junction of column (1) are provided with cross beam translation device, this device is respectively to be fixed with slippage oil cylinder hinged-support (9) in crossbeam (3) and both sides, column (1) coupling end subordinate side, slippage oil cylinder hinged-support (9) plane, place is axially vertical with crossbeam (3), be provided with two axial cover hydraulic rams (10) of vertical crossbeam (3) in the middle of the slippage oil cylinder hinged-support (9), hydraulic ram (10) two ends are individually fixed on two slippage oil cylinder hinged-supports (9), be provided with latching device (11) in the middle of the two cover hydraulic rams (10), be provided with locking track (12) in parallel in the middle of the two cover hydraulic rams (10), establish transverse-moving mechanism pumping plant (13) in hydraulic ram (10) upper beam (3), pumping plant (13) is connected with hydraulic ram (10) pipeline, slippage oil cylinder hinged-support (9) is provided with hinged-support (14) near crossbeam (3) medial side, hinged-support (14) top and crossbeam (3) are fixing, the following slipping area of hinged-support (14) is a polyfluortetraethylene plate that is fixed in the hinged-support bottom, the following slipping area of hinged-support (14) contacts the down-shift board (15) of its below, hinged-support (14) two side bottoms contact with slippage pressing plate (16), down-shift board (15), the vertical crossbeam (3) of slippage pressing plate (16) is axially fixed on the column (1).
3, a kind of large-tonnage platform loop wheel machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that being provided with a maintenance hoisting crane (17) at the two ends of every crossbeam, and the inside of every crossbeam is provided with cucurbit and hangs (18).
4, a kind of large-tonnage platform loop wheel machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that being provided with between every root post (1) and the crossbeam on it (3) anchoring device and windproof cable (19), anchoring device is that both sides, below, crossbeam (3) end respectively are fixed with anchor supports (20), 2 anchor supports (20) are along crossbeam direction outside internal fixation spiral lifting support (21), spiral lifting support (21) is provided with spiral lift (22), spiral lift (22) lower bearing pin is anchor plate (28) fixedly, and spiral lift (22) is connected with anchor supports (20) outer hand wheel (23).
5, a kind of large-tonnage platform loop wheel machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described lifting mechanism (8) is that winch (4) is the 3-8 platform, winch (4) is reduced to the center by hoisting machine cross beam (3) end successively along distribution of hoisting machine cross beam (3) direction and height, opposite side at hoisting machine cross beam (3) middle part is fixed with the last leading sheave (24) with winch (4) equal number, last leading sheave (24) height is reduced to the center successively by hoisting machine cross beam (3) end of nearside, the bottom of hoisting machine cross beam (3) is provided with and the same number of leading sheave (25) down of last leading sheave (24), be fixed with 2-8 group fixed pulley group (26) under each on the below hoisting machine cross beam (3) of leading sheave (25), the last leading sheave (24) of the opposite side that every winch (4) is relative with it respectively, following leading sheave (25), fixed pulley group (26) is by steel rope (6) winding, the suspension hook group (27) that fixed pulley group (26) is fixed together and is formed by single stay hook by steel rope (6) winding, axle connects a suspension hook (7) on each stay hook, the number of suspension hook group (27) is identical with the number of fixed pulley group (26), and adjacent suspension hook group (27) is fixed together.
6, a kind of according to claim 1 or 5 large-tonnage platform loop wheel machine, it is characterized in that described suspension hook (7) is to be connected and composed by the above equalizing bar of two-stage (28) axle, the top of afterbody equalizing bar (28) is provided with one and connects axis hole, other grades equalizing bar (28) is provided with the connection axis hole that three triangles distribute, the base angle of upper class equalizing bar (28) two connections axis hole is connected the axis hole axle with the drift angle place of subordinate's equalizing bar (28) respectively and links together, and connects the circular grapple (29) of a lower opening on the base angle of afterbody equalizing bar (28) respectively.
7, a kind of large-tonnage platform loop wheel machine according to claim 6 is characterized in that described suspension hook (7) is to be connected and composed by the above equalizing bar of 2-8 level (28) axle.
8, a kind of large-tonnage platform loop wheel machine according to claim 5 is characterized in that shrinking device place, the terminal end of every steel rope is provided with LOAD CELLS.
CNB2007100149196A 2007-06-12 2007-06-12 Large-tonnage platform loop wheel machine Active CN100537404C (en)

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CNB2007100149196A CN100537404C (en) 2007-06-12 2007-06-12 Large-tonnage platform loop wheel machine

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2007100149196A CN100537404C (en) 2007-06-12 2007-06-12 Large-tonnage platform loop wheel machine

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CN101100269A CN101100269A (en) 2008-01-09
CN100537404C true CN100537404C (en) 2009-09-09

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101104501B (en) * 2007-06-29 2010-09-08 大连华锐股份有限公司 Double main bear multiple hanging point crane
CN102050377B (en) * 2009-11-04 2012-10-10 烟台来福士海洋工程有限公司 Method for installing combined hoist and oil production platform drilling equipment

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Owner name: YANTAI CIMC RAFFLES OFFSHORE LIMITED

Free format text: FORMER NAME: YANTAI RAFFLES OCEAN ENGINEERING CO., LTD.

CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder

Address after: 264000 Zhifu Island, Zhifu District, Shandong, Yantai

Patentee after: Yantai CIMC Raffles Offshore Limited

Address before: 264000 Zhifu Island, Zhifu District, Shandong, Yantai

Patentee before: Yantai Raffles Oceanographic Engineering Co., Ltd.