CN100496294C - Potato crisp utilizing micro wave processing and its processing method - Google Patents

Potato crisp utilizing micro wave processing and its processing method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100496294C
CN100496294C CNB2005100318388A CN200510031838A CN100496294C CN 100496294 C CN100496294 C CN 100496294C CN B2005100318388 A CNB2005100318388 A CN B2005100318388A CN 200510031838 A CN200510031838 A CN 200510031838A CN 100496294 C CN100496294 C CN 100496294C
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Prior art keywords
potato
potato chips
minutes
microwave
under
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CNB2005100318388A
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CN1891072A (en
Inventor
谭兴和
熊兴耀
张喻
李清明
吴卫国
曾敏
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Hunan Agricultural University
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Hunan Agricultural University
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Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of potato crisps processed by microwave and its processing method. Said processing method includes the following steps: washing potato flakes, scalding said potato flakes in boiling edible salt water, cooling, draining, freezing, drying, adding palm oil and egg yolk powder, mixing them with potato flakes, uniformly stirring them, roasting them by using microwave and spraying flavouring material so as to obtain the invented product.

Description

A kind of potato crispy chip and processing method thereof of utilizing microwave processing
Technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of potato crispy chip, specifically, relate to a kind of potato crispy chip that utilizes microwave processing, simultaneously, the invention still further relates to a kind of described processing method of utilizing the potato crispy chip of microwave processing.
Background technology:
Potato crispy chip be with the fresh potato be raw material process make things convenient for leisure food.Be characterized in crisp good to eat, multiple tastes, all-ages.At present, the fried method of high-temperature pressure is generally adopted in the making of domestic potato crispy chip, and required oil temperature is high when fried, and tend to bring some adverse consequences: the nutritional labeling of (1) food is at high temperature destroyed; (2) high temperature makes the fry dried food ingredients cigarette, increases oil consumption, contaminated environment; (3) bad change takes place in high temperature, the long-time fried grease that makes, and produces some harmful materials.(4) according to state's researchs in recent years such as Sweden, Britain, Norway, the U.S., Australia, New Zealand, Canada, in the high temperature frying course of potato food, form virulent acrylamide easily.And along with the rising of processing temperature, its content also sharply increases.Prove that now acrylamide can cause mammalian cell genetic mutation and chromosome abnormality, make male mice scrotum, thyroid gland, adrenal gland, uterus produce tumour.Can also cause human nerve infringement, even the people be paralysed or carcinogenic.Simultaneously, though the fried potato crispy chip of high temperature is handled through de-oiling, the product oil content is still up to more than 30%~40%.Oil content is too high in the product, then brings following adverse consequences: (1) increases enterprise's production cost, has increased the weight of consumer's financial burden; (2) cause the grease of human body Excessive Intake, thereby cause the generation of obesity, be unfavorable for that the consumer's is healthy; (3) the product mouthfeel is greasy, and oxidation is breathed out and become easily, influences the mouthfeel and the foodsafety of product.
Utilize vacuum to carry out fried (be about to the potato block raw material and carry out friedly, to reduce frying temperature, shorten the fried time) under vacuum condition, though can overcome the above problems effectively, equipment investment is big.And the fresh potato sheet is directly adopted microwave baking processing without preliminary treatment, and then the product crisp brittleness is relatively poor, coarse mouthfeel, and surface color is too shallow.
Summary of the invention:
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is: at the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of potato crispy chip that utilizes microwave processing, this crisp nutritional labeling kept, golden yellow color, and mouthfeel is crisp; A kind of processing method of utilizing the potato crispy chip of microwave processing is provided simultaneously, safety and sanitation, no chemical contamination, easy to operate, be convenient to mechanization production.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is: a kind of potato crispy chip that utilizes microwave processing, this potato crispy chip is made by hot potato crispy chip spraying flavoring, hot potato crispy chip is 1:0.03 with the flavoring ratio, it is characterized in that: the potato block concentration of this hot potato crispy chip after by rinsing be 1~3% saline solution after carrying out blanching under the boiling, be cooled to normal temperature, draining; With potato chips behind the draining under-10~-30 ℃ of temperature freezing at least 10 hours; Under 40~60 ℃ of temperature dry 20~40 minutes again, palm oil, yolk powder are mixed the back to be mixed thoroughly with potato chips, palm oil: yolk powder: potato block is 0.03~0.05:0.01~0.03:1, uses 100% firepower microwave baking 3 minutes at last, makes in roasting 2 minutes with 60% firepower again.
Above-mentioned a kind of processing method of utilizing the potato crispy chip of microwave processing, this method comprises the step of following order:
1), selects, cleans, removes the peel;
2), section, rinsing;
3), saline solution blanching, clear water cooling, draining: the saline solution with concentration 1-3% carries out blanching to the potato chips that cut under the boiling condition, be cooled to normal temperature afterwards rapidly, drains the moisture on potato chips surface;
4), freezing: with the potato chips that drain away the water under-10~-30 ℃ of conditions freezing at least 10 hours;
5), drying:, make chip moisture be reduced to 50-70% with the potato chips of freezing mistake under 40~60 ℃ of temperature dry 20~40 minutes;
6), be coated with lining: taking by weighing weight is the palm oil of the 3-5% of predrying back potato chips, and the yolk powder of 1-3% mixes, and mixes thoroughly with predrying back potato chips;
7), microwave baking:, baked 2 minutes with 60% firepower more earlier with 100% firepower microwave baking 3 minutes;
8), seasoning, quantitative, packing.
Above-mentioned flavoring is a kind of in the fragrant spiced salt flavor of lobster powder flavourings, green onion flavoring, spicy beef flavor flavoring, tomato flavor flavoring, the fragrant chicken with several spices wing flavor flavoring.
Selecting, clean, removing the peel and section, rinsing among the present invention, and seasoning, quantitatively, the process of packing is same as the prior art.The crisp surface of wherein adopting spraying method that flavoring is sprayed heat, the flavoring consumption for roasting good back potato chips (crisp) heavy 3%.Packing adopts polyethylene plastic bag nitrogen-filled seal packing.
In the microwave baking of the present invention, the power output of 100% firepower is 750W, and the power output of 60% firepower is 450W.
Groundwork principle of the present invention:
The present invention adopts microwave bulking to substitute traditional frying-expansion mode.Microwave bulking is to utilize the phase transformation of material and the hot pressing effect principle of gas, radiation conduction by microwave energy, the moisture that makes material to be machined inside is under the effect of high-frequency electrical field energy, molecule obtains energy and produces violent warm-up movement, vaporization, pressuring expansion heat up rapidly, simultaneously under steam expansion power drives, the polymer substance extensional deformation in the material component, structure sex change, thus make material (raw material) be transformed into cellular goods with network structure.
Wherein protecting look with saline solution blanching instead of chemical reagent in the preliminary treatment handles, principle is to prevent enzymatic browning with the high temperature enzyme that goes out, and blanching can impel starch gelatinization in the potato chips, and hydrogen bond disconnects between starch molecule, and moisture enters starch crystallite gap, again through cooling processing, starch wears out again, and starch granules height latticeization wraps the moisture that absorbs when gelatinization, during heating using microwave in the starch micromeritics moisture sharply vaporize, impel to form the hole open structure and reach expanded; And the permittivity ratio water of salt is big, after salt infilters potato chips, has improved the dielectric constant of material, thereby the ability that absorbs microwave increases greatly, and internal moisture is vaporized at short notice, forms bigger steam pressure, makes the raising of material expansion rate.It is solid-state that freezing processing makes the moisture in the potato chips space between cells be become by liquid state, and volume increases, and improved the permeability of potato chips when carrying out microwave dehydration, guarantees crisp smooth.Mix after the face that is coated with adopts palm oil and yolk powder to mix and be coated in the potato chips surface, contained lecithin is a kind of good emulsifying agent in the yolk powder, can make grease be evenly distributed on the potato chips surface, make potato chips in microwave processing process, form " fried " environment, the product tool is crisp good to eat shell.In addition, yolk powder makes product have tempting color originally as golden yellow.
Compared with prior art, advantage of the present invention is:
1, make full use of the advantage of heating using microwave: the inside and outside microwave energy that absorbs simultaneously of material, therefore inside and outside homogeneous heating, firing rate are fast, and the time of slaking is short, so can preserve the nutritional labeling of food better.
2, fuel-efficient, no ageing oil produces, the product fat content is low: use the oiling baking process among the present invention, before baking, only mix the grease that is coated with ormal weight, the product fat content is low, baking finishes need not the operation of the such de-oiling of frying technological process, more do not produce the possibility of ageing oil, thereby significantly reduce the consumption of grease.And the fried product of conventional high-temperature has absorbed 30%~40% edible oil in frying course, so the oil content height of product, and the aging grease of high temperature after fried can't utilize again, has greatly increased processing cost.
3, nutritional labeling is kept: material is through after the pre-dried, and potato block drying and needed time of slaking shorten greatly, and therefore, the nutritional labeling loss that high temperature causes is little; Use heating using microwave, can with material inside and outside rapidly, heating equably, thereby shorten the heated time of material, reduce the heat damage of nutritional labeling; Replace frying course with the heating using microwave maturing process, also can reduce oil-soluble loss of nutritive components in the material.During heating using microwave, heating-up temperature is 100~105 ℃, and therefore the temperature of the fried method of conventional high-temperature can reduce the high temperature loss of nutritional labeling up to 170~180 ℃.
4, edible safety: the chemical reagent that the present invention adopts the saline solution blanching to substitute in the conventional method protects the look processing, does not have SO in the product 2Residue problem, the product edible safety; Simultaneously, owing to do not need repeatedly high temperature fried, can not cause the polymerization of residue chip, and produce poisonous and hazardous high molecular polymer because of recycling of grease.
5, good product quality: the saline solution blanching can increase the dilation of product; Freezing processing can guarantee crisp planarization, and the raw tissue of process freezing processing is fine and close and have uniform pore, can avoid occurring foaming, metaboly; Carry out microwave baking with oil and yolk powder after being coated with face, can make product color golden yellow, mouthfeel is crisp.
The specific embodiment:
Embodiment 1, will through the potato block of rinsing with 2% saline solution after carrying out blanching under the boiling, be cooled to normal temperature, draining; With potato chips behind the draining under-20 ℃ of temperature freezing 10 hours; Under 50 ℃ of temperature dry 30 minutes again.Palm oil 4kg, yolk powder 2kg are mixed the back mix thoroughly, use 100% firepower microwave baking 3 minutes at last, baked 2 minutes with 60% firepower again, spray 3kg lobster powder flavourings again with dried potato chips 100kg.
Embodiment 2, will through the potato block of rinsing with 2.5% saline solution after carrying out blanching under the boiling, be cooled to normal temperature, draining; With potato chips behind the draining under-25 ℃ of temperature freezing 12 hours; Under 45 ℃ of temperature dry 35 minutes again.Palm oil 4.2kg, yolk powder 3kg are mixed the back mix thoroughly, use 100% firepower microwave baking 3 minutes at last, baked 2.5 minutes with 60% firepower again, spray 3.6kg spicy beef flavor flavoring again with dried potato chips 120kg.
Embodiment 3, will through the potato block of rinsing with 1.8% saline solution after carrying out blanching under the boiling, be cooled to normal temperature, draining; With potato chips behind the draining under-15 ℃ of temperature freezing 12 hours; Under 50 ℃ of temperature dry 35 minutes again.Palm oil 3.6kg, yolk powder 1.2kg are mixed the back mix thoroughly, use 100% firepower microwave baking 2.5 minutes at last, baked 3.5 minutes with 60% firepower again, spray the fragrant chicken with several spices wing flavor of 2.4kg flavoring again with dried potato chips 80kg.
The finished product comparative result of the foregoing description gained finished product and traditional microwave technology sees Table 1:
Mouthfeel hurdle in the last table is 5 people group evaluation results.

Claims (2)

1, a kind of potato crispy chip that utilizes microwave processing, this potato crispy chip is made by hot potato crispy chip spraying flavoring, hot potato crispy chip is 1:0.03 with the flavoring ratio, it is characterized in that: the potato block concentration of described hot potato crispy chip after by rinsing be 1~3% saline solution after carrying out blanching under the boiling, be cooled to normal temperature, draining; With potato chips behind the draining under-10~-30 ℃ of temperature freezing at least 10 hours; Under 40~60 ℃ of temperature dry 20~40 minutes again, palm oil, yolk powder are mixed the back to be mixed thoroughly with dried potato chips, palm oil: yolk powder: dried potato chips are 0.03~0.05:0.01~0.03:1, use 100% firepower microwave baking 3 minutes at last, made in roasting 2 minutes with 60% firepower again.
2, a kind of processing method of utilizing the potato crispy chip of microwave processing, it is characterized in that: this method comprises the step of following order:
1), selects, cleans, removes the peel;
2), section, rinsing;
3), saline solution blanching, clear water cooling, draining: the saline solution with concentration 1-3% carries out blanching to the potato chips that cut under the boiling condition, be cooled to normal temperature afterwards rapidly, drains the moisture on potato chips surface;
4), freezing: with the potato chips that drain away the water under-10~-30 ℃ of conditions freezing at least 10 hours;
5), drying:, make chip moisture be reduced to 50-70% with the potato chips of freezing mistake under 40~60 ℃ of temperature dry 20~40 minutes;
6), be coated with lining: taking by weighing weight is the palm oil of the 3-5% of predrying back potato chips, and the yolk powder of 1-3% mixes, and mixes thoroughly with predrying back potato chips;
7), microwave baking:, baked 2 minutes with 60% firepower more earlier with 100% firepower microwave baking 3 minutes;
8), seasoning, quantitative, packing.
CNB2005100318388A 2005-07-08 2005-07-08 Potato crisp utilizing micro wave processing and its processing method Expired - Fee Related CN100496294C (en)

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CN101480245B (en) * 2009-01-05 2012-10-03 陕西科技大学 Equipment for puffing garden stuff with air current and microwave
CN102349631B (en) * 2011-10-31 2013-01-23 中华全国供销合作总社济南果品研究院 Production method of crispy pear slices
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CN102524718A (en) * 2012-01-10 2012-07-04 蒋华 Dry potato chip processing process
CN102763820B (en) * 2012-06-28 2013-09-25 张静 Manufacture method of beef flavor potato chips
CN102960661B (en) * 2012-12-19 2013-11-27 广州大学 Puffing method of potato
CN103053951A (en) * 2013-01-29 2013-04-24 徐静 Production method of broad bean leisure food
CN103211187A (en) * 2013-04-28 2013-07-24 王惠莹 Healthcare potato chip and processing method thereof
CN103960626A (en) * 2014-05-29 2014-08-06 安徽荃力电子科技有限公司 Manufacturing method of shrimp-flavored potato chips
CN104473099A (en) * 2014-12-07 2015-04-01 洪寒俊 Method for preparing potato puffed food
CN104970321A (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-10-14 味特佳食品江苏有限公司 Processing method of deep-fried potato chips with low oil content
CN105166782A (en) * 2015-08-17 2015-12-23 朱广双 Processing method for microwave-puffed nutritional potato chip
CN105285789A (en) * 2015-09-15 2016-02-03 湖南农业大学 Processing method of instant primary taste pumpkin chips without any additives
CN105558934A (en) * 2016-01-13 2016-05-11 广德原野水果种植家庭农场 Processing method of grape skin crisp chips
CN106235253A (en) * 2016-08-08 2016-12-21 广东佳焙食品股份有限公司 A kind of western fast food French fries Chinese style Herba Alii fistulosi Flavor flavoring agent preparation method
CN106798279A (en) * 2016-12-12 2017-06-06 苏州市启扬商贸有限公司 A kind of manufacture craft of non-oil potato chip
CN108030008B (en) * 2017-11-14 2021-06-25 中国农业科学院农产品加工研究所 Frozen instant roasted vegetable and fruit and preparation method thereof
CN109588659A (en) * 2018-11-26 2019-04-09 西安天使食品有限责任公司 A kind of potato chips preparation method and potato chips
CN109793028B (en) * 2018-12-30 2021-04-20 上海统益生物科技有限公司 Low-oil-content crispy instant fried bread stick and making method thereof
CN109699720A (en) * 2018-12-30 2019-05-03 上海统益生物科技有限公司 A kind of instant deep-fried twisted dough sticks of low oil content crispy in taste and preparation method thereof
CN109907281A (en) * 2019-04-22 2019-06-21 云南省热带作物科学研究所 A kind of vacuum frying Queensland nut kernel production technology
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