CN100486379C - A method for wireless network optimization of CDMA system - Google Patents

A method for wireless network optimization of CDMA system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100486379C
CN100486379C CNB2003101125665A CN200310112566A CN100486379C CN 100486379 C CN100486379 C CN 100486379C CN B2003101125665 A CNB2003101125665 A CN B2003101125665A CN 200310112566 A CN200310112566 A CN 200310112566A CN 100486379 C CN100486379 C CN 100486379C
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district
network
sub
antenna
base station
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CNB2003101125665A
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CN1547340A (en
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李晟
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中兴通讯股份有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a wireless network optimization method for code division multiple access system. It includes following steps: the single station covering measurement data collected when the current single base station is opened and the measurement data when the network runs are used as the data source for correct the wireless transmission model; it processes the software platform through a path of data, and separate out the frequency guide signal in the wide spectrum of each community; the frequency guide signal are divided and assembled according to the antenna setting condition and the around wireless transmission environment, corrects out the wireless transmission model suitable to the community; constructs an accurate wireless network covering forecasting platform; through adjusting the community antenna parameter and/or adding new base station on the covering forecasting platform, thus the cover may accordant to the design demands. The invention considers the environment factors, constructs the measuring model.

Description

A kind of radio network optimization method of cdma system
Technical field
The present invention relates to CDMA (code division multiple access) cell mobile communication systems, be specifically related to carry out in the cdma system method of radio network optimization.
Background technology
The network optimization is the important ring in the whole wireless network construction process, and through whole networking all the time, the performance of wireless network is along with changing can appear in networking and operation, and the in good time network optimization is the basis of guaranteeing that network performance meets the demands.
The network optimization consist essentially of behind the opening base station radio frequency optimization and distribute telephone numbers after maintenance optimization.Wherein, carry out radio frequency optimization, adjust the initial value of network antenna-feed parameter, can under existing station layout, the whole network coverage be met design requirement as much as possible by the network that has just been moved; Simultaneously, can pass through radio frequency optimization, whether the design of checking network topology structure adapts to actual environment, or decision is compensated by increasing the base station.
At present, the method that the radio frequency optimization of network usually adopts is the situation of gathering in the bandwidth that travelling carriage receives each district pilots signal to noise ratio that reverse signal and travelling carriage receive before all signal strength signal intensity summations, the travelling carriage transmit signal strength etc. by drive test, cover according to the signal to noise ratio of single pilot tone and to judge whether this sub-district has and distinguish or owe coverage condition more, again in conjunction with the covering of overall network, the factors such as number that mobile phone is received pilot tone, adjust the sector angle of declination, deflection and (or) add the station.Carry out after the primary antenna feeder adjustment, need do for the second time even test more frequently and adjustment again the effect of adjusting usually.
So just there is bigger limitation:
First, adjust scheme based on the local antenna feeder that single pilot tone covering etc. draws, can not understand the adjustment measure to the issuable influence of whole network, as: whether introduced pilot pollution etc., particularly many for the base station, base station is at a distance of nearer network, pilot tone situation complexity, being difficult to has whole assurance to network.
The second, because test data obtains, only can reflect the coverage condition of sub-district on road more exactly on road, but for testing the zone that can't arrive, can only be by general deduction, error is bigger.
The 3rd, the method needs antenna feeder adjustment and test repeatedly, labor intensive material resources and time usually.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of radio network optimization method of code division multiple access system, test data when collecting existing or the network operation, the pilot signal that separate, grouping merges each sub-district, proofread and correct out the radio transmission model that is applicable to each sub-district, thereby on the basis that does not increase testing requirement, propose a kind of method of radio frequency optimization efficiently, solve above-mentioned shortcoming and defect of the prior art.
Technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
A kind of radio network optimization method of code division multiple access system, it may further comprise the steps:
Test data when the single station coverage test data of gathering when a) collecting existing single opening base station or the network operation is as the data source of correcting wireless propagation model;
B) by drive test data the poster processing soft platform will be wherein the pilot signal of each sub-district in wide range separate;
C) with each pilot signal according to sub-district self antenna feeder set up condition and on every side wireless propagation environment divide into groups to merge, proofread and correct out the radio transmission model that is applicable to each sub-district;
D) accurate wireless network coverage prediction platform of structure;
E) on the coverage prediction platform by adjusting the sub-district antenna-feed parameter repeatedly, obtain the optimal solution of each sub-district radio frequency parameter in the network; Result based on coverage prediction, blind spot in the fixer network topological structure, the sub-district propagation model that surrounding environment is approximate is applied to newly add the sub-district on this blind spot, and accurately prediction increases behind the new base station the rational antenna-feed parameter of influence and definite sub-district to whole network.
Described radio network optimization method, wherein, described step e) is further comprising the steps of:
701, according to the initial value of antenna-feed parameter and the model that is adopted, the coverage condition of the present network of prediction and calculation;
702, judge whether network topology structure is reasonable,, have large stretch of blind area, under existing station layout condition, adjust the antenna-feed parameter of related cell if network topology structure is unreasonable, and the number of times that adds up and adjust;
703, judge by adjusting antenna-feed parameter whether remedy the deficiency of topological structure, if can remedy by the antenna-feed parameter of adjusting this sub-district, then need not increases new base station, changes step 705 over to; If can not remedy repeating said steps 702;
704, default one adjust the number of times threshold value, when the described number of times that adds up adjustment is added to this threshold value and still can not remedies the defective of topological structure, stop to adjust, determine to need to increase new base station location;
705, by after described step 702,703,704 processing, calculating increases new base station or local adjusted network overlapping effect, and can judgement meet design requirement;
If 706 can not satisfy the covering design requirement, adjust the antenna-feed parameter of related cell again, repeating said steps 705 then;
707, according to the judgement of described step 705,, export corresponding radio frequency optimization scheme until satisfying the covering design requirement.
Described radio network optimization method, wherein, the value of described threshold value is decided according to the blind area situation that irrational topological structure causes, if the blind area is less, can be by adjusting improvement such as peripheral cell coverage direction, shape, then this threshold value is got a bigger value; If the blind area is bigger, be difficult to remedy by peripheral cell, then this threshold value is got a less value.
The radio network optimization method of a kind of code division multiple access system provided by the invention, it is compared with the method for existing radio frequency optimization, and its outstanding advantage is:
At first, by extracting the pilot signal correcting wireless propagation model of each sub-district, can make the wireless channel fading characteristic of model reflection specific cell surrounding environment to greatest extent, comprise of the influence of special circumstances such as stopping of some buildings, for a coverage prediction platform is accurately built in the network optimization to radio signal propagation.
Secondly, raise feedforward parameter all day, can reflect the influence of the change of any antenna-feed parameter effectively all sidedly, avoid unilateral optimization and whole situation about worsening whole network at the coverage prediction platform.
Once more, can realize the correction of the multiple atural object factor on the coverage prediction platform, accurately prediction comprises the coverage condition of the surrounding area, sub-district of road.
At last, can carry out constantly adjusting repeatedly test to antenna-feed parameter, produce optimal solution after the comprehensive considering various effects based on the coverage prediction platform, the drive test that need not to carry out is repeatedly verified, convenient and swift, objective and accurate, save effort and time, improve the efficient of radio frequency optimization greatly.
The inventive method is used specific propagation model in the specific sub-district prediction, can remedy the error that only adopts universal model to bring, and improves precision of prediction to greatest extent.
Description of drawings
In the accompanying drawing,
Fig. 1 is the main flow schematic diagram of the inventive method;
Fig. 2 is about the schematic flow sheet of radio frequency optimization in the main flow of the inventive method.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, describe the concrete preferred embodiment of the present invention in detail.
The core concept of the inventive method is, test data when the single station coverage test data of gathering when utilizing existing single opening base station or the network operation, by drive test data the poster processing soft platform wherein the pilot signal (the energy value Ec of the every chip of each pilot tone) of each sub-district in wide range separate, and each pilot signal set up condition according to sub-district self antenna feeder and wireless propagation environment grouping on every side merges, proofread and correct out the radio transmission model that is applicable to each sub-district.Described the poster processing soft platform is exactly a software module in essence, can carry out calculation process to original optimization data.
The inventive method must be constructed an accurate wireless network coverage prediction platform, by constantly adjusting the antenna-feed parameter of respective cell, obtains the optimal solution of each sub-district radio frequency parameter in the network on this wireless network coverage prediction platform.Simultaneously, result based on coverage prediction, blind spot in can the fixer network topological structure, improve network topology structure, the sub-district propagation model that surrounding environment is approximate is applied to newly add the sub-district on blind spot, and accurately prediction adds influence and the definite sub-district rational antenna-feed parameter of back, station to whole network.
As shown in Figure 1, the radio network optimization method of a kind of code division multiple access system of the present invention specifically may further comprise the steps:
1. optimization of collection data are as the data source of correcting wireless propagation model.Working properly when the single opening base station or the network operation begin for guaranteeing the base station, can comprise that each district pilots signal to noise ratio (Ec/Io), travelling carriage receive preceding, the reverse signal of gross power (Io) in the foreground test usually.The data that are used for calibration model of the inventive method are exactly the pilot signal of coming out from above-mentioned conventionally test extracting data.Because pilot signal is stable, loading condition and environmental aspect during to test do not have specific (special) requirements, and therefore the existing a large amount of accumulation of initial data do not need additionally to test.
2. the pilot signal of separating each sub-district.In CDMA (code division multiple access) cell mobile communication systems, there is following relation in the relation that at all is to find path loss and distance that radio transmission model is proofreaied and correct between transmitting power of single pilot tone (Pilot_TXpower) and the received power:
The percentage that each district pilots transmitting power accounts for the specified total emission power in sub-district is constant, is known quantity, therefore can proofread and correct out radio transmission model by the transmitting power of each pilot tone and the received power of test gained correspondence.
For the test of single sub-district, can separate the pilot signal of sub-district easily:
For network testing data, need utilize drive test data the poster processing soft platform to set each pilot offset number, extract the pilot signal Ec of different pilot tone correspondences.
According to sub-district self antenna feeder set up condition and on every side wireless environment with cell group.The principle of grouping is to consider to influence the factor of nature of radio propagation, and the factor that needs to consider comprises: whether the dense degree of the distance of important obstacle and antenna, sub-district surrounding buildings thing, antenna in cell main lobe direction be over against street or the like around the relative altitude of antenna in cell antenna height, antenna and surrounding buildings thing, the sub-district.
4. grouping merges each district pilots signal.The pilot signal of the sub-district of conditional likelihood is merged, can make single subdistrict pilot signal data volume fully improve the precision of model tuning, this situation pilosity is born in the sub-district calibration model of dense city.
5. utilize the district pilots signal (Ec) after merging to carry out calibration model, category correction is respectively organized the radio transmission model of sub-district.Usually least square method is adopted in model tuning, obtains the parameter of propagation model.
6. the propagation model that will be fit to each sub-district is used for prediction, makes up coverage prediction platform accurately.Because varying of wireless propagation environment, there are all multifactor influences such as landform, landforms, building, vegetation, make choosing of propagation model become key,, more need high-precision coverage prediction to guarantee the exploitativeness of prioritization scheme for radio frequency optimization.In order to make propagation model and this area environment facies coupling, the inventive method will specific propagation model be used in the specific sub-district prediction, can remedy and only adopt universal model, and the error as city use Hata model etc. brings improves precision of prediction to greatest extent.
By on the coverage prediction platform, constantly adjust antenna-feed parameter and (or) increase new base station, the network coverage is met design requirement.
8. flow process finishes.
Wherein, described the 7th step also comprises the steps, as shown in Figure 2:
701, according to the initial value of antenna-feed parameter and the model that is adopted, the coverage condition of the present network of prediction and calculation.
702, judge whether network topology structure is reasonable.If network topology structure is unreasonable, if any large stretch of blind area etc., under existing station layout condition, adjust the antenna-feed parameter of related cell, and the times N that adds up and adjust.
703, judge by adjusting the deficiency whether antenna-feed parameter remedies topological structure.If can remedy by the antenna-feed parameter of adjusting this sub-district, then need not increases new base station, changes step 705 over to.If can not remedy repeating said steps 702.
704, default one adjust number of times threshold value a, add up N to threshold value a and still can not remedy the defective of topological structure the time, stop to adjust, need to determine the new base station location of increase when adjusting number of times.Wherein, the value of this threshold value a is decided according to the blind area situation that irrational topological structure causes, if the blind area is less, and can be by adjusting improvement such as peripheral cell coverage direction, shape, the then desirable bigger value of a.If the blind area is bigger, be difficult to remedy, then the desirable less value of a by peripheral cell.
705, by after described step 702,703,704 processing, calculating increases new base station or local adjusted network overlapping effect, and can judgement meet design requirement.
If 706 can not satisfy the covering design requirement, adjust the antenna-feed parameter of related cell again, repeating said steps 705 then.
707, according to the judgement of described step 705,, export corresponding radio frequency optimization scheme until satisfying the covering design requirement.
The inventive method is through above steps, designed radio frequency optimization schemes synthesis has been considered environmental factor, the whole practical situation that is fit to respective cell of structure coverage prediction model, proofreaied and correct out the radio transmission model that is applicable to each sub-district, and accurately predicted and add station back the rational antenna-feed parameter of influence and definite sub-district whole network.
It should be understood that; the inventive method for those of ordinary skills; can be equal to change or replacement according to technical conceive of the present invention and preferred embodiment thereof, and all these changes or replacement all should belong to the protection range of claims of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1, a kind of radio network optimization method of code division multiple access system, it may further comprise the steps:
A), the test data when single station coverage test data of gathering when collecting existing single opening base station or the network operation, as the data source of correcting wireless propagation model;
B), by drive test data the poster processing soft platform will be wherein the pilot signal of each sub-district in wide range separate;
C) with each pilot signal according to sub-district self antenna feeder set up condition and on every side wireless propagation environment divide into groups to merge, proofread and correct out the radio transmission model that is applicable to each sub-district;
D), accurate wireless network coverage prediction platform of structure;
E), on the coverage prediction platform by adjusting the sub-district antenna-feed parameter repeatedly, obtain the optimal solution of each sub-district radio frequency parameter in the network; Result based on coverage prediction, blind spot in the fixer network topological structure, the sub-district propagation model that surrounding environment is approximate is applied to newly add the sub-district on this blind spot, and accurately prediction increases behind the new base station the rational antenna-feed parameter of influence and definite sub-district to whole network.
2, radio network optimization method according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described step e) is further comprising the steps of:
701, according to the initial value of antenna-feed parameter and the model that is adopted, the coverage condition of the present network of prediction and calculation;
702, judge whether network topology structure is reasonable,, have large stretch of blind area, under existing station layout condition, adjust the antenna-feed parameter of related cell if network topology structure is unreasonable, and the number of times that adds up and adjust;
703, judge by adjusting antenna-feed parameter whether remedy the deficiency of topological structure, if can remedy by the antenna-feed parameter of adjusting this sub-district, then need not increases new base station, changes step 705 over to; If can not remedy repeating said steps 702;
704, default one adjust the number of times threshold value, when the described number of times that adds up adjustment is added to this threshold value and still can not remedies the defective of topological structure, stop to adjust, determine to need to increase new base station location;
705, by after described step 702,703,704 processing, calculating increases new base station or local adjusted network overlapping effect, and can judgement meet design requirement;
If 706 can not satisfy the covering design requirement, adjust the antenna-feed parameter of related cell again, repeating said steps 705 then;
707, according to the judgement of described step 705,, export corresponding radio frequency optimization scheme until satisfying the covering design requirement.
3, radio network optimization method according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, the value of described threshold value is decided according to the blind area situation that irrational topological structure causes, if the blind area is less, can be by adjusting peripheral cell coverage direction, shape improvement, then this threshold value is got a bigger value; If the blind area is bigger, be difficult to remedy by peripheral cell, then this threshold value is got a less value.
CNB2003101125665A 2003-12-11 2003-12-11 A method for wireless network optimization of CDMA system CN100486379C (en)

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CN101039490B (en) * 2006-03-14 2010-06-16 中国电信股份有限公司 Coverage analysis system and method for optimizing mobile communication system network
CN101155380B (en) * 2006-09-29 2010-09-08 中国移动通信集团北京有限公司 Integrating system and method for wireless network test data
CN101137171B (en) * 2007-03-02 2011-07-13 中兴通讯股份有限公司 Method and system for obtaining and correcting wireless propagation model parameter
CN101262278B (en) * 2007-03-06 2012-09-26 中兴通讯股份有限公司 Single cell coverage reverse testing system and testing method thereof
CN101060689B (en) * 2007-05-17 2011-11-09 华为技术有限公司 A method and equipment for planning the communication system network
CN101146312B (en) * 2007-10-17 2010-09-29 中兴通讯股份有限公司 An automatic selection method for radio transmission model
CN101146313B (en) * 2007-10-17 2010-09-29 中兴通讯股份有限公司 A correction method of radio transmission model
CN101159967B (en) * 2007-10-29 2011-08-31 中国移动通信集团设计院有限公司 Method and device for using drive test data for propagation model revision
CN101247613B (en) * 2008-03-11 2012-07-18 中兴通讯股份有限公司 Wireless signal propagation model test approach and system used for honeycomb network
CN101998465B (en) * 2009-08-21 2012-11-07 中国移动通信集团设计院有限公司 Method and system for optimizing network
CN102065445A (en) * 2010-11-30 2011-05-18 广州天越电子科技有限公司 Simulation system and method for realizing wireless network communication rate coverage
WO2011103826A2 (en) * 2011-04-18 2011-09-01 华为技术有限公司 Method and system for optimizing wireless network based on antenna feeding device
CN104113849A (en) * 2013-04-17 2014-10-22 普天信息技术研究院有限公司 Correction method of propagation model
CN104519498A (en) * 2013-09-27 2015-04-15 普天信息技术研究院有限公司 Method for correcting wireless network communication model
CN103648118B (en) * 2013-11-25 2017-04-12 华为技术服务有限公司 Method and device for antenna feeder combination
WO2015077952A1 (en) * 2013-11-28 2015-06-04 华为技术有限公司 Cell location determining method, device, server, and base station

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