CN100478663C - Detector for measuring bearing friction torque - Google Patents

Detector for measuring bearing friction torque Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100478663C
CN100478663C CNB2007100406123A CN200710040612A CN100478663C CN 100478663 C CN100478663 C CN 100478663C CN B2007100406123 A CNB2007100406123 A CN B2007100406123A CN 200710040612 A CN200710040612 A CN 200710040612A CN 100478663 C CN100478663 C CN 100478663C
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China
Prior art keywords
bearing
shell
girder
semi
signal
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Expired - Fee Related
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CNB2007100406123A
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CN101050986A (en
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李立斋
刘晓华
何彬峰
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Shanghai Institute of Technical Physics of CAS
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Shanghai Institute of Technical Physics of CAS
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Abstract

A test device used for measuring frictional torque of bearing is prepared for driving internal ring of measured bearing to rotate together when internal shaft is driven to rotate by motor converting torque signal of said ring to force signal of driving pin under action of friction torque between internal and external ring on measured bearing, converting force signal to be strain signal of cantilever, carrying out measurement by stress-strain transducer to convert strain signal to be electric signal and carrying out conversion and regulation on said electric signal by strain collection-analysis system for realizing accurate test on frictional torque.

Description

A kind of proving installation of measuring bearing frictional torque
Technical field
The present invention relates to the proving installation of bearing frictional torque, specifically be meant high precision, the real-time online testing device of space precise angular contact bearing its moment of friction under certain rotating speed, lubricated and preloaded condition.
Background technology
Moving component is widely used in finishing specific function in space satellite and the remote sensing instrument.Along with going deep into to the friction of spatial rotation mechanism, Study on Lubrication work, facts have proved of the further analysis of rail fault and research and a large amount of space and ground: bearing is the vital part of restriction spatial movement component life and reliability, to the test of bearing performance with estimate also and therefore become most important.Bearing frictional torque is one of important parameter of reflection bearing performance, especially the singularity that has of space applied environment lower bearing moment of friction, as microgravity: cause the lubricated fuel feeding mechanism in space with ground different, have only abutment surface tension force and capillary action under the weightlessness.High vacuum: cause lubricant volatilization to dissipate and localized hyperthermia of mechanism and cause lubricant failure.Temperature alternating: can directly influence the variation of lubricating oil viscosity.Cosmic dust: impact meeting direct, at a high speed brings very big interference to test.Space radiation: heat degeneration, chain rupture, polymerization and the cross-couplings etc. that cause lubricant.
At present, Chinese patent: all there is a common defective in the patent No. for the method for testing and the device of the bearing frictional torque that is provided such as 200610052086.8,200510049805.6,200410052708.8,03242670.4, promptly all do not relate to the lubrication state in the real work of bearing and preload condition, therefore can't obtain the andfrictional conditions in the bearing practical work process.Related platform such as vacuum sphere dish frictional testing machine and bearing assembly life test apparatus have been developed abroad, but be to solve specific problem according to the specific (special) requirements of project self mostly from engineering viewpoint, the correlation test data also belong to the engineering secret in a sense, are difficult in the article of publishing to find.Therefore, present needleless still is to the proving installation of the angular contact bearing moment of friction of space application.
Summary of the invention
Purpose of the present invention is exactly the proving installation that a kind of angular contact bearing moment of friction of using at the space will be provided.
Proving installation of the present invention comprises: by the groove body of interior axle 1 and shell 5 nesting measured bearings; The notch inboard have one be fixed on by screw 16 in gland bonnet 6 on the axle 1, be equipped with the pad 15 that bearing is applied preload between interior axle 1 and the gland bonnet 6; Have one to be fixed on gland 7 on the shell 5 in the notch outside, be equipped with the pad 15 that bearing is applied preload between shell 5 and the gland 7 by screw 16; Interior axle 1 adopts interference fit to connect with transmission shaft 8, and transmission shaft 8 connects with motor by shaft coupling 12; One end of semi-girder 10 has pin hole, and shell 5 bottoms have measured hole, and power transmission pin 9 cooperates connection with pin hole, measured hole respectively, is used for transmitted load; The other end of semi-girder 10 is fixed on the support 17 by screw 16, on semi-girder 10, is pasted with stress strain gauge 13 near support 17 places, and the signal of sensor output is handled by strain acquirement analytical instrument 14, realizes the test of bearing frictional torque.
When motor drives the transmission shaft rotation by shaft coupling, cooperate the inner ring of the interior axle drive measured bearing that connects to rotate with transmission shaft thereupon, because the effect of moment of friction between the inside and outside circle of measured bearing, the outer ring of measured bearing can have the trend of being draged because of the rotation of inner ring, moment is applied on the power transmission pin, the power transmission pin further is applied to the moment converting to force on the semi-girder again, semi-girder deforms under the effect of power load, convert power to strain, utilize the strain acquirement analytical instrument can realize high precision measurement bearing frictional torque.
Proving installation provided by the invention not only can on-line measurement shows the moment of friction of bearing under different rotating speeds, lubricated and preloaded condition in real time, can also cooperate low speed and high speed strain acquisition analysis system to obtain time domain parameter (mean value and waviness ratio) and spectrum signature, the performance of thoroughly evaluating bearing.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of bearing frictional torque proving installation of the present invention;
Wiring layout cuts open in the partial 3-D office of Fig. 2 bearing frictional torque proving installation of the present invention.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples the present invention is described in further detail:
The measured bearing 2 of present embodiment is two angular contact bearings that the DB mode connects, and bearing is embedded with ball 203 by outer ring 201, inner ring 202 and centre and constitutes.Inner ring between two bearings is separated by inner shield ring 3, and the outer ring between two bearings is separated by outer back-up ring 4.
During test measured bearing 2 is placed in the groove body that is made of interior axle 1 and shell 5, with screw 16 gland bonnet 6 is fixed on the interior axle 1, be equipped with the pad 15 that bearing is applied preload between interior axle 1 and the gland bonnet 6, the thickness of pad can determine according to the size that bearing is applied preload force, and make its inner ring that props up measured bearing 202.The inner ring 202 of measured bearing, inner shield ring 3 cooperate connection with interior axle 1, and the inner ring 202 of interior thus axle 1, measured bearing 2, inner shield ring 3 and gland bonnet 6 constitute an integral body and rotate with transmission shaft 8, are referred to as rotary part.
With screw 16 gland 7 is fixed on the shell 5, is equipped with the pad 15 that bearing is applied preload between shell 5 and the gland 7, the thickness of pad can determine according to the size that bearing is applied preload force, and make its outer ring that props up measured bearing 201.The outer ring 201 of measured bearing, outer back-up ring 4 cooperate connection with shell 5, and it is relative static that the outer ring 201 of shell 5, measured bearing, outer back-up ring 4 and gland 7 constitute an integral body maintenance thus, is referred to as stationary parts.
Adopt interference fit to link between transmission shaft 8 and the interior axle 1, motor 11 connects with transmission shaft 8 by shaft coupling 12, driven by motor transmission shaft 8 and rotary part rotate together, the moment of friction that shows as between rotary part, the stationary parts just of equal value of the moment of friction between the inside and outside circle of measured bearing this moment.
One end of semi-girder 10 has pin hole, and shell 5 bottoms have measured hole, and power transmission pin 9 cooperates connection with pin hole, measured hole respectively, is used for transmitted load; Power transmission pin 9 and semi-girder 10 can produce corresponding damping force to be stoped the motion of stationary parts and makes it to keep equilibrium state, realized that the moment of friction between the inside and outside circle of measured bearing is applied on the power transmission pin 9 with the form of power, and further be converted into the loading force on the semi-girder 10; Semi-girder 10 is out of shape under the effect of loading force, produces strain, has realized that loading force is converted into strain; Detect the strain that produces on the semi-girder 10 with the high precision stress strain gauge 13 that sticks on semi-girder 10 surfaces, realized that dependent variable is converted into electrical quantities; Electrical quantities with strain acquirement analytical instrument 14 counter stress strain transducers 10 transforms, nurses one's health, and has finally realized the high precision measurement of moment of friction.
Conversion formula between moment of friction M of the present invention and the strain stress is:
M = E · b · h 2 · d 6 · ( L - x ) · ϵ
Wherein: E is the elastic modulus of semi-girder 10 materials, and L, b, h are respectively length, width and the thickness of semi-girder 10, d be power transmission pin 9 and the central shaft distance of transmission shaft 8, x is the paste position of sensor 13 is fixed on bracket end to semi-girder a distance.
The rigidity of the power transmission pin 9 in the proving installation of the present invention is not less than 200GPa, with the additional transmission error that reduces to cause because of 9 distortion of power transmission pin.The material of semi-girder 10 can be bronze, brass or stainless steel, and thickness is 1~2mm; If too thin then can cause its natural frequency low excessively, the vibration effect test result easily takes place, if too thick then can cause too small, the weak output signal of dependent variable, be difficult for detecting.Motor 11 can be direct current generator or stepper motor, can obtain required rotating speed by regulation voltage and dutycycle respectively.Sensor 13 can be resistance-type, condenser type, voltage-type equal stress strain transducer.
Strain acquirement analytical instrument 14 adopts low-speed device and high-speed equipment to combine:
Low-speed device can adopt commercially available static state or dynamic strain indicator (as the SDY2204 of the practical electronic technology Research Institute in Bei Dai River), realization is to the long-time detection of bearing frictional torque, result according to test can calculate its mean value and waviness ratio, as the time domain parameter of estimating the bearing working performance.
High-speed equipment can adopt the high speed data acquisition system (as the RBH8223H of Beijing Rui Bohua control technology company limited production) of commercially available built-in signal conversion and conditioning module, at first the signal of sensor is converted into voltage signal by wheatstone bridge circuits, carry out filtering then, amplify conditioning, sample afterwards, utilize fast fourier transformation algorithm that the result is carried out Fourier analysis at last, set up the spectrum signature of moment of friction and the corresponding relation of working condition.
Device provided by the invention can be changed different lubricants as required at any time to realize the purpose of contrast test, lubricant adopts fluid lubricant, behind rotary part and stationary parts adding lubricant, the design of hermetically-sealed construction can guarantee that lubricant can not leak in test process.

Claims (1)

1. a proving installation of measuring bearing frictional torque is characterized in that this proving installation comprises: the groove body of interior axle (1) and shell (5) nesting measured bearing; In the notch inboard one gland bonnet (6) that is fixed on by screw (16) on the interior axle (1) is arranged, be equipped with the pad (15) that bearing is applied preload between interior axle (1) and the gland bonnet (6); Have one to be fixed on gland (7) on the shell (5) in the notch outside, be equipped with the pad (15) that bearing is applied preload between shell (5) and the gland (7) by screw (16); Interior axle (1) adopts interference fit to connect with transmission shaft (8), and transmission shaft (8) connects with motor (11) by shaft coupling (12); One end of semi-girder (10) has pin hole, and shell (5) bottom has measured hole, and power transmission pin (9) cooperates connection with pin hole, measured hole respectively, is used for transmitted load; The other end of semi-girder (10) is fixed on the support (17) by screw (16), on semi-girder (10), locate to be pasted with stress strain gauge (13) near support (17), the signal of sensor output is handled by strain acquirement analytical instrument (14), realizes the test of bearing frictional torque.
CNB2007100406123A 2007-05-14 2007-05-14 Detector for measuring bearing friction torque Expired - Fee Related CN100478663C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2007100406123A CN100478663C (en) 2007-05-14 2007-05-14 Detector for measuring bearing friction torque

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2007100406123A CN100478663C (en) 2007-05-14 2007-05-14 Detector for measuring bearing friction torque

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CN100478663C true CN100478663C (en) 2009-04-15

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Families Citing this family (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102410898B (en) * 2011-08-12 2014-02-12 洛阳轴研科技股份有限公司 Test method for friction torque of back-to-back pairing minitature ball bearing under application of axial loads
CN103335845B (en) * 2013-06-21 2016-05-04 东南大学 Taper dynamic pressure spiral grooved bearing axial carrying capacity testing arrangement
CN103424217B (en) * 2013-08-26 2015-04-08 常州朗博汽车零部件有限公司 High-damping rubber transmission assembly torque detecting device
CN103968981A (en) * 2014-04-14 2014-08-06 上海大学 Testing device for high-speed miniature bearing dynamic friction torque
CN105318998B (en) * 2014-08-05 2018-06-19 捷奥比电动车有限公司 Electronic automobile-used advantageous torque sensor
CN106525424B (en) * 2016-10-27 2018-12-21 安徽江淮汽车集团股份有限公司 The comprehensive measurement device and measurement method of bearing rigidity and starting friction torque
CN108254119B (en) * 2016-12-29 2020-12-25 财团法人工业技术研究院 Interaction force detection device
CN107907254A (en) * 2017-10-13 2018-04-13 中国科学院上海技术物理研究所 A kind of method for being used to assess space remote instrument bearing assembly assembling quality
CN108020365A (en) * 2018-02-01 2018-05-11 湖北汽车工业学院 Force moment testing device and system
CN109781320B (en) * 2018-12-25 2021-01-05 北京青云航空仪表有限公司 Friction moment tester and testing method for bearing without inner ring
CN109612616B (en) * 2018-12-30 2021-06-01 洛阳轴承研究所有限公司 Friction torque measuring device of angular contact radial bearing
CN110057564A (en) * 2019-04-25 2019-07-26 中国科学院西安光学精密机械研究所 A kind of shafting dynamic resistance torque test device and test method
CN110441057B (en) * 2019-09-10 2024-03-08 北鲲睿航科技(上海)有限公司 Marine propulsion shaft remote sensing type strain measurement system and measurement device and measurement method thereof
CN114705341B (en) * 2022-05-12 2024-02-02 河南科技大学 Rolling bearing friction moment measuring device and method based on optical fiber sensing

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CN1587952A (en) * 2004-07-07 2005-03-02 浙江大学 Dynamic load performance test table for oil-impregnated bearing
CN1687728A (en) * 2005-05-24 2005-10-26 浙江大学 Method and device for measuring friction force of bearing under tiny load
CN1865878A (en) * 2006-06-22 2006-11-22 慈兴集团有限公司 Measuring for friction torque of bearing under micro-loading at different rotation rate and measuring apparatus therefor

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