CN100436726C - Antistatic fire-retardant decorative plate - Google Patents

Antistatic fire-retardant decorative plate Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100436726C
CN100436726C CN 200510026848 CN200510026848A CN100436726C CN 100436726 C CN100436726 C CN 100436726C CN 200510026848 CN200510026848 CN 200510026848 CN 200510026848 A CN200510026848 A CN 200510026848A CN 100436726 C CN100436726 C CN 100436726C
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cement
ratio
fire
inorganic
antistatic
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CN 200510026848
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1880701A (en
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张志明
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张志明
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/02Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing hydraulic cements other than calcium sulfates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/80Optical properties, e.g. transparency or reflexibility
    • C04B2111/802White cement

Abstract

本发明公开了一种防静电防火装饰板,其特征在于配比为:无机石粉20%~40%,无机胶粘剂20%~40%,导电云母粉5%~20%,导电瓷土粉5%~20%,增强纤维1%~10%,特种水泥5%~15%,硫酸锂1%~10%,磷酸三钠1%~10%。 The present invention discloses an antistatic fireproof trim panel, wherein the ratio of: the inorganic powder 20% to 40% inorganic adhesive 20% to 40%, conductive mica 5% to 20%, 5% and the conductive clay powder 20%, 1% to reinforcing fibers 10%, special cement 5% to 15%, lithium sulphate 1% to 10%, 1% to 10% trisodium phosphate. 其中无机胶粘剂采用水泥。 Wherein the inorganic adhesive using cement. 该防火装饰板具有防静电防火功能,表面不易积灰,且表面硬度和抗冲击性良好,耐磨,耐化学腐蚀,无放射性,易加工,是一种高科技绿色环保型建筑装饰材料。 The fire fireproof trim panel having an antistatic function, hard fouling surface, and the surface hardness and good impact resistance, wear resistance, chemical resistance, non-radioactive, easy processing, is a high-tech environment-friendly construction materials.

Description

一种防静电防火装饰板 An anti-static fire decorative plate

技术领域: FIELD:

本发明涉及一种装饰材料,特别涉及一种新型的防静电防火装饰板。 The present invention relates to a decorative material, particularly relates to a novel antistatic fireproof trim panel.

背景技术: Background technique:

随着人们生活居住水平的日益提高,人们对居家内装修的要求也日益提高。 With the improvement of living standards of people's lives, people in the home renovation requirements are also increasing. 目前,居家住房或办公用房的装修中采用的内装修材料, 一般可以分为三大类,第一类是以石膏板、大理石、花岗岩以及瓷砖等材料为代表的无机材料;第二类是以木夹板为代表的天然木材;第三类是以有机化合物为代表的化工板材。 Currently, housing decoration materials, decoration home or office space used, and can generally be divided into three categories, the first category is gypsum board, marble, granite and tile and other materials are inorganic materials represented; second category is natural wood with plywood represented; the third category is represented by organic compounds for the chemical plate. 上述三类材料中除第一类装饰材料具有防火性能外,其它如木夹板、塑料扣板等均无防火功能。 In addition to the three types of materials having a first type of decoration materials fire performance, other such as plywood, plastic buckle no other fire safety features. 而第一类无机材料中的大理石等材料虽能防火,但是具有放射性,对身体有害;而石膏板又会因静电作用而容易积灰,易脏难洗。 The first material and the inorganic material such as marble, although the effects of fire, but radioactive, hazardous to health; the plasterboard will be easy to fouling by electrostatic action, difficult to wash dirty easily.

发明内容: SUMMARY:

本发明的目的在于提供一种新型的防静电防火装饰板。 Object of the present invention is to provide a novel antistatic fireproof trim panel. 为了实现上述目的,本发明的技术方案为, 一种防火装饰板,其特征在于配比为:无机石粉20%〜40%,无机胶粘剂20。 To achieve the above object, the technical solution of the present invention is a fireproof decorative plate, wherein the ratio: 20% ~ 40% of the inorganic powder, inorganic adhesive 20. %〜40%, % ~ 40%

导电云母粉5%〜20%,导电瓷土粉5%〜20%,增强纤维1%〜10 %,特种水泥5%〜15%,硫酸锂1%〜10%,磷酸三钠1%〜10%。 A 5-20% conductive mica, the conductive powder 5% ~20% clay, 1% ~ 10% reinforcing fibers, special cement 5% ~ 15%, ~ 10% 1% lithium sulfate, 1% ~ 10% trisodium phosphate .

其中无机胶粘剂采用水泥,增强纤维采用玻璃纤维布,特种水泥主要是无机胶粘剂和增强剂,主要成分是白水泥。 Wherein the inorganic adhesive using cement, fiber reinforced glass fiber cloth, special cement and reinforcing agents mainly inorganic adhesive, the main component of white cement.

采用这种配比的防火装饰板具有防火不燃、防静电、易清洗、抗撞击、耐磨、耐化学腐蚀、无放射性等优点。 Such fire-resistant decorative panel having a ratio of non-combustible fire, anti-static, easy to clean, impact resistant, abrasion resistant, chemical resistant, non-radioactive and other advantages.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

本发明的技术方案为: 一种防火装饰板,其特征在于配比为:无机石粉20%〜40%,无机胶粘剂20%〜40%,导电云母粉5%〜20 %,导电瓷土粉5%〜20%,增强纤维1%〜10%,特种水泥5%〜 15%,硫酸锂1%〜10%,磷酸三钠1%〜10%。 Aspect of the present invention is: Fireproof trim panel, wherein the ratio: 20% ~ 40% of the inorganic powder, inorganic adhesive 20% ~ 40%, 5% ~20% conductive mica, the conductive powder 5% China clay ~ 20%, ~ 10% 1% reinforcing fibers, special cement 5% to 15%, lithium sulphate 1% ~ 10%, ~ 10% 1% trisodium phosphate.

其中无机胶粘剂采用水泥,增强纤维采用玻璃纤维布,都可以在 Wherein the inorganic adhesive using cement, reinforcing fibers of glass fiber cloth, can be in the

市场上购买。 Buy on the market. 无机石粉由高岭土和硅藻土配制而成,其配比为:高岭土40%〜60%,硅藻土40。 The inorganic powder is prepared from kaolin and diatomaceous earth formed, which ratio: 40% ~ 60% kaolin, diatomaceous earth 40. %〜60%。 % ~ 60%. 特种水泥由白水泥和膨胀珍珠岩配制而成,其配比为-白水泥40%〜60%,膨胀珍珠岩40Q/。 Prepared by a special cement and white cement from expanded perlite, which is a ratio - 40% ~ 60% white cement, expanded perlite 40Q /. 〜60 %,主要是作为无机胶粘剂的分散剂和增强剂。 ~ 60%, mainly as a dispersing inorganic adhesive and enhancers. 导电云母粉和导电瓷土粉主要起防静电作用,可以在市场上购买。 Conductive and conductive mica clay powder mainly from the anti-static effect, can be purchased in the market. 硫酸锂和磷酸三钠主要起改性添加剂和固化剂的作用。 Trisodium phosphate and lithium sulfate modifying additives primarily act and a curing agent.

因此,本发明提供了几个实施例的'i己比,如表1所示。 Accordingly, the present invention provides several 'i-hexyl than the embodiment, as shown in Table 1.

表l防火装饰; <table>table see original document page 4</column></row> <table>以上所述的配比均为重量百分比,其中的无机胶粘剂为水泥。 Fire decorative Table l; <table> table see original document page 4 </ column> </ row> <table> ratios are by weight of the above, wherein the inorganic adhesive is cement. its

中的无机石粉、导电云母粉和导电瓷土粉等粉类物质的粒度要求在400 目以上,在上述实施例中有些粉类物质的粒度甚至达到600目。 Inorganic powder, conductive mica powder and clay powder particle size of the conductive substances requires 400 mesh or more, a particle size in the above-described embodiment, some powder substances even up to 600 mesh.

经试验得知,按照上述实施例的配比所得到的防火装饰板都可耐2400度高温,耐火极限最高可达4小时,可满足防火等级高的场所, 如:净化厂房、医院、图书馆、地铁、隧道、地下上场等地下空间, 公共娱乐场所等的要求。 The test that, according to the composition of the above-described embodiment can be obtained fire-resistant decorative panel 2400 degree temperature, fire resistance up to 4 hours, to meet the high level of the fire place, such as: purification plants, hospitals, libraries require subways, tunnels, underground and other underground space to play, and other public places of entertainment. 这些防火装饰板的导静电性能良好,体积电阻均为lX105〜lX10rtQ,表面电阻均为1X107〜1X10MQ,且具有长 Good electrostatic properties of these conductive fireproof decorative sheet, the volume resistivity are lX105~lX10rtQ, the surface resistance are 1X107~1X10MQ, and has a long

期导静电功能,但是该防火装饰板导静电不导强电,因此可以避免由于强电泄漏所引起的安全隐患。 Static function of the guide, but the fire decorative plate guide static electricity is not strong electrical conductivity, thus avoiding due to the strong current leakage caused by safety problems. 由于该防火装饰板具有导静电的功能, 因此通过静电接地系统可降低静电负荷,可防止灰尘颗粒因静电效应堆枳在板材表面,板材表面不易积灰,不会起尘,可以满足100级的洁净要求。 Since the fire decorative plate having a function of static conductive, so electrostatically grounding system may reduce static load to prevent dust particles due to electrostatic effects in the plate stack trifoliate surface, the sheet surface hard fouling, dusting not meet Class 100 cleanliness requirements. 并且这些防火装饰板的表面硬度较高,可达4H。 These fire and high surface hardness of the decorative panel, up to 4H. 6mm厚板的抗折强度为23MPa,可满足较高的抗冲击要求。 6mm thick flexural strength of 23MPa, to meet the requirements of high impact. 这种防火装饰板还有柔韧性好,不易断裂破碎,表面层致密,防酸碱,抗腐蚀,无放射性, 易加工等优点。 Such fire decorative board also flexible, easily fractured, the surface dense layer, anti-acid, anti-corrosive, non-radioactive, easy processing advantages.

从上述描述可以得知,该防火装饰板具有防静电防火功能,且表面硬度和抗冲击性良好,无放射性,是一种高科技绿色环保型建筑装饰材料。 Can be seen from the above description, the trim panel having a fire fire anti-static function, and the surface hardness and good impact resistance, non-radioactive, is a high-tech environment-friendly construction materials.

Claims (4)

1.一种防静电防火装饰板,其特征在于配比为:无机石粉20%~40%,无机胶粘剂20%~40%,导电云母粉5%~20%,导电瓷土粉5%~20%,增强纤维1%~10%,特种水泥5%~15%,硫酸锂1%~10%,磷酸三钠1%~10%;特种水泥由白水泥和膨胀珍珠岩配制而成,其配比为:白水泥40%~60%,膨胀珍珠岩40%~60%,所述的配比均为重量百分比。 1. An antistatic fireproof trim panel, wherein the ratio of: the inorganic powder 20% to 40% inorganic adhesive 20% to 40%, conductive mica 5% to 20% of the conductive powder 5% China clay 20% , reinforcing fibers from 1% to 10%, special cement 5% to 15%, lithium sulphate 1% to 10%, 1% to 10% trisodium phosphate; prepared by a special cement and white cement from expanded perlite, the ratio is: white cement 40% to 60% perlite 40% to 60%, said percentages are weight ratio.
2. 如权利要求1所述的防静电防火装饰板,其特征在于无机胶粘剂为水泥。 The antistatic fireproof trim panel as claimed in claim 1, wherein the inorganic adhesive is cement.
3. 如权利要求1所述的防静电防火装饰板,其特征在于增强纤维为玻璃纤维布。 Antistatic fireproof decorative sheet according to claim 1, characterized in that the reinforcing fiber is a glass fiber cloth.
4. 如权利要求1所述的防静电防火装饰板,其特征在于无机石粉的配比为高岭土40%〜60%,硅藻土40%〜60%,所述的配比均为重量百分比。 4. The antistatic fireproof decorative sheet according to claim 1, wherein the inorganic powder in the ratio of 40% ~ 60% kaolin clay, diatomaceous earth 40% ~ 60%, the ratio of the percentages are by weight.
CN 200510026848 2005-06-16 2005-06-16 Antistatic fire-retardant decorative plate CN100436726C (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102003131B (en) 2009-09-02 2013-01-02 斯富迈材料科技(上海)有限公司 Non-combustible light fireproof board core and preparation method thereof
CN103172319B (en) * 2013-03-21 2015-02-25 罗海军 Diamagnetic suspended ceiling board

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1604809A (en) 1978-04-06 1981-12-16 Cape Boards & Panels Ltd Manufacture of shaped articles
CN1046009A (en) 1989-03-25 1990-10-10 强振荣 Composite material for construction
US5338349A (en) 1992-08-27 1994-08-16 Firecomp, Inc. Fire resistant and high temperature insulating composition
JP2648253B2 (en) 1991-06-11 1997-08-27 株式会社クボタ Method of manufacturing a superior cement products dimensional stability
CN1194325A (en) 1998-04-29 1998-09-30 王国真 Anti-static movable floor board
CN1086370C (en) 1999-08-27 2002-06-19 李玉孝 Antistatic floor tile
CN1204077C (en) 2003-01-27 2005-06-01 陈新州 Fire-resistant, water-proof, corrosion-resistant and anti-electrostatic glazed decoration board and preparation process thereof

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1604809A (en) 1978-04-06 1981-12-16 Cape Boards & Panels Ltd Manufacture of shaped articles
CN1046009A (en) 1989-03-25 1990-10-10 强振荣 Composite material for construction
JP2648253B2 (en) 1991-06-11 1997-08-27 株式会社クボタ Method of manufacturing a superior cement products dimensional stability
US5338349A (en) 1992-08-27 1994-08-16 Firecomp, Inc. Fire resistant and high temperature insulating composition
CN1194325A (en) 1998-04-29 1998-09-30 王国真 Anti-static movable floor board
CN1086370C (en) 1999-08-27 2002-06-19 李玉孝 Antistatic floor tile
CN1204077C (en) 2003-01-27 2005-06-01 陈新州 Fire-resistant, water-proof, corrosion-resistant and anti-electrostatic glazed decoration board and preparation process thereof

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