CN100425751C - Blended color yarn spun by pure spinning or blended spinning of soybean fiber and its production method - Google Patents

Blended color yarn spun by pure spinning or blended spinning of soybean fiber and its production method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100425751C
CN100425751C CNB200410068075XA CN200410068075A CN100425751C CN 100425751 C CN100425751 C CN 100425751C CN B200410068075X A CNB200410068075X A CN B200410068075XA CN 200410068075 A CN200410068075 A CN 200410068075A CN 100425751 C CN100425751 C CN 100425751C
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spinning
blended
fibre
soya
color
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CN1603490A (en
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孙伟挺
沈焕军
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ZHEJIANG HUAFU MELANGE YARN CO Ltd
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ZHEJIANG HUAFU MELANGE YARN CO Ltd
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Abstract

The present invention provides blended color yarn spun by pure spinning or blended spinning of soybean fibers and a production method thereof. The method comprises the following technical steps: first of all, soybean fibers are decolorized, bleached and dyed, and then, oil feeding preprocessing is carried out; the proportion of different raw materials to different color fibers is prepared according to requirements for the color of a product, and then, the technical steps of material mixing, cotton clearing, cotton carding, head combination, second combination, third combination (color matching and color complement), roving, spinning and bobbin winding are carried out. The blended color yarn spun by pure spinning or blended spinning of soybean fibers in the present invention reaches the level of high-quality products which conform to the standard of a color yarn spinning industry. Fabrics woven by the blended color yarn have the advantages of flat and smooth cloth surface and favorable drapability, provides light weight, comfort, softness, moisture absorption and ventilation for wearing, and has the style and characteristics of high-grade products. The production of the blended color yarn spun by blended spinning simultaneously and effectively solves the problem of difficult dyeing of blank cloth or blended color yarn spun by soybean fibers with natural colors besides the characteristics of hand handle and styles.

Description

Fibre and soya is pure to be spun or the blended color spinning yarn and the production method thereof of blending
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of soybean fiber (hereinafter to be referred as fibre and soya) pure spin or with the blended color spinning yarn and the production method thereof of other fiber blend.
Background technology
Fibre and soya is a kind of green ecological Recycled Fibers, has that fiber number is thin, strength and elongation is high, resistance to acids and bases is good.It has feel, the sub dued lustre as the silk, the moisture absorption as the cotton fiber as the similar cashmere and leads the warmth retention property of moist and wool, and close skin is comfortable, is described as " artificial cashmere ", " green fiber of new century ".Has multiple good wearability.Product suit producing high-grade underwear, cashmere sweater, high-grade leisure clothes, western-style clothes, sportswear and household textiles can satisfy the pursuit of environmental protectionization, comfortableization, leisureization, and bright development prospect is arranged.But be subjected to the restriction of conventional spinning thinking, the yarn color structure of producing is single, can not adapt to the needs of consumer personalityization.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide that a kind of fibre and soya is pure to be spun or the blended color spinning yarn of blending, this yarn color rich connotation, remedy the dullness on the base dyeing yarn product colour, can adapt to knitting or woven processing, knit the premium properties that the fabric of making can both keep fibre and soya, greatly enriched people's color demand again.
Fibre and soya blended color spinning yarn of the present invention comprises pure spinning and two kinds of blending.Fiber by different colours forms by blended colour yarn.Spinning count is single thread and the strand of 10S~60S, and fibre and soya content is 10~100% in the blended yarn, and single twist is 400~1200T/m, and strand twist is 210~1100T/m.
Technological process of the present invention is: dyeing, the preliminary treatment of fibre and soya oil supply, weighing, batch mixing color matching, blowing, comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning, head also, two also, comprise the toning complementary color three also, rove, spun yarn, winder, doubling and double twisting.
Concrete spinning process is as follows:
1,, fibre and soya is carried out bleaching, dyes, makes fiber to have various satisfactory color according to product requirement;
2, require to match the ratio of different material color fibre according to product colour.Take by weighing behind the fiber fibre and soya and other fiber pile up separately;
3, add fibre and soya a certain proportion of and crude oil, water.Regain after the oiling is generally 12~15%, and oil content is 0.6%~0.9% of a fibre and soya weight, vexed the putting 24~48 hours in mixed evenly back;
4, it is mixed the fibre and soya after vexed the putting and other fiber to be spread layer by blending rate, carries out batch mixing in a small amount of mixed cotton mode then, if lot volume in material input is bigger, then evenly is divided into some groups and carries out a small amount of and mix;
5, after raw material mixes well, various different colours, raw material of different nature are carried out further mixed and quantitative rolling at cotton cleaning process.It quantitatively is 400~500 gram/rice that lap is done; Lap length is 35~40 meters; Regain is 8~11%.For reducing the carding step difficulty of processing, do not lead cotton device as installing additional on the carding machine, then lapper is carried out technical finesse, adopt this measure that 8~10CM length is respectively shortened at the lap two ends; Have and lead can not shortening of cotton device;
6, on carding machine, blending or the pure coloured lap that spins are carded to bar.It quantitatively is/5 meters of 18~24 grams that the carded sliver is done; Regain is 7~9%; 15~22 rev/mins of doffer speeds; Can install boundling additional at the part type leads cotton device then effect is better; For reducing the production difficulty, to the carding machine of four roller stripping modes, as A186A, A186B, A186C, about 1.5 inches of type repiece plate spreadings such as A186F, holding when (three roller stripping mode carding machine such as A186G, types such as FA201 are without spreading) strengthen the web transfer;
7, carry out three roads and close drawing-off on drawing frame, make ribbon quantitatively consistent, bar is done evenly, and fiber is parallel straight.Doing quantitatively is/5 meters of 14~20 grams; Number of doubling is 6~8; 5.5~8.5 times of drawing-offs; The speed of a motor vehicle 200~300m/min;
8, drawing-off becomes rove on Speed frames, adds certain twist simultaneously, so that rove has certain cohesive force.Rove is done/10 meters of quantitative 3.0~6 grams; 5~12 times of drawing-offs; Twist factor 90~120; 600~1000 rev/mins of ingot speed;
9, on fine spining machine, be spun into spun yarn.Spun yarn is done/100 meters of quantitative 0.98~5.9 grams; 15~35 times of drawing-offs; The twist 400~1200T/m; 9000~15000 rev/mins of ingot speed;
10, the tapered tube of network yarn on automatic winder, 800~1400 meters/minute of winding speeds;
11, doublet cord carries out doubling twisting, the twist 210~1100T/m on twisting machine; 9000~13000 rev/mins of ingot speed;
12, the tapered tube of network yarn on automatic winder again, 800~1400 meters/minute of winding speeds.
For the fabric that this yarn is knitted make has good wearability, prevent from dress, use, washing process, to occur phenomenons such as stretcher strain, can in blended color spinning yarn, add spandex filament, make spandex core-spun yarn or wrap yarn.After adding spandex filament on fine spining machine that passes through transformation and the twisting machine, be spun into spandex core-spun yarn.In described spinning process, spun yarn is done/100 meters of quantitative 0.98~5.9 grams, 15~35 times of drawing-offs, and 9000~15000 rev/mins of ingot speed, spandex silk specification 20D-70D, pre-draft multiple is 3~4 times during cladding.
Fibre and soya of the present invention is pure to be spun or the blended color spinning yarn of blending, reaches look spinning industry standard high-class product level, by its woven fabric, cloth cover is smooth, bright and clean, drapability is good, and it is ventilative to wear frivolous comfortable, soft, moisture absorption, has the style and features of expensive goods.The production of fibre and soya blending fiber dyed yarn the characteristics on the feel style, has also solved the problem of fibre and soya true qualities spinning mixed yarn line or piece dyeing finishing difficulty simultaneously effectively.
The specific embodiment
Below specify the present invention by three embodiment.Its processing process is: fiber decolouring bleaching, dyeing, weighing, the preliminary treatment of fibre and soya oil supply, batch mixing, blowing, comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning, head also, two also, three also (in conjunction with the toning complementary color), rove, spun yarn, winders, after described winding process, again through also twisting with the fingers and winder.
Wherein, according to product requirement, fibre and soya is carried out bleaching, dyes, makes fiber to have various satisfactory color; Require to match the ratio of different material color fibre according to product colour.Take by weighing behind the fiber fibre and soya and other fiber pile up separately.It is mixed that fibre and soya after vexed the putting and other fiber are spread layer by blending rate, carries out batch mixing in a small amount of mixed cotton mode then, if lot volume in material input is bigger, then evenly is divided into some groups and carries out a small amount of and mix.
After raw material mixes well, various different colours, raw material of different nature are carried out further mixed and quantitative rolling at cotton cleaning process.For reducing the carding step difficulty of processing, do not lead cotton device because install additional on the carding machine, therefore lapper is carried out technical finesse, adopt this measure that 8~10CM length is respectively shortened at the lap two ends.
On carding machine, the pure coloured lap that spins of blending is carded to bar.And can install boundling additional at the part type and lead cotton device.In addition, for reducing the production difficulty, to the carding machine of four roller stripping modes, as A186A, A186B, A186C, holding when about 1.5 inches of type repiece plate spreadings such as A186F, (three roller stripping mode carding machine such as A186G, types such as FA201 are without spreading) are strengthened the web transfer.
In fibre and soya oil supply pretreating process, the soybean spinning oil is in 1: the ratio dilute with water of 7-9, press 0.6%~0.9% of fibre and soya weight then and add (pure oil mass) profit, the regain after the oiling is generally 12~15%, and vexed the putting after 24~48 hours in mixed more evenly back used.
Three embodiment yarn major parameters:
Embodiment Embodiment one Embodiment two Embodiment three
The yarn ratio Soybean 25%/cotton 75% Soybean 100% Soybean 50% cotton 50%
Spinning count 30S 40S 60S/2
Single twist 800T/m 950T/m 1200T/m
Strand twist / / 650T/m
Main technologic parameters table in the three embodiment technological processes:
The fiber dyed yarn of above-mentioned three embodiment productions reaches industry standard high-class product level, and by its woven fabric, cloth cover is smooth, bright and clean, and drapability is good, and it is ventilative to wear frivolous comfortable, soft, moisture absorption, has the style and features of expensive goods.The production of fibre and soya blending fiber dyed yarn the characteristics on the feel style, has also solved the problem of fibre and soya true qualities spinning mixed yarn line or piece dyeing finishing difficulty simultaneously effectively.

Claims (3)

1, a kind of fibre and soya is pure spins or the blended color spinning yarn production method of blending, it comprises following processing step: at first to fibre and soya decolour bleaching, dyeing, require to match the ratio of different material color fibre according to product colour, take by weighing various fibers, fibre and soya and other fiber pile up separately are carried out the oil supply preliminary treatment, the vexed certain hour of putting, then with a small amount of mixed cotton mode carry out batch mixing, blowing, comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning, head also, two also, comprise the toning complementary color three also, rove, spun yarn, winder, doubling, double twisting processing, wherein:
Described mixing procedure is for to add spinning oil and water with fibre and soya, and the regain after the oiling is 12~15%, and oil content is 0.6~0.9% of a fibre and soya weight, vexed the putting 24~48 hours in mixed evenly back;
In the described cotton cleaning process with mixed material through blowing flow process rolling, regain is 8~11%, it quantitatively is 400~450 gram/rice that lap is done, lap length is 35~40 meters, do not install additional at carding machine and to lead under the cotton device situation, lapper is carried out technical finesse, 8~10CM length is respectively shortened at the lap two ends;
In the comb and parallel cotton fibers prior to spinning process, it quantitatively is/5 meters of 18~24 grams that the carded sliver is done, and regain is 7~9%, doffer speed is 15~22 rev/mins, for the carding machine of the four roller stripping modes of employing, 1.5 inches of repiece plate spreadings are for adopting three roller stripping mode carding machines without spreading.
2, fibre and soya according to claim 1 is pure spins or the blended color spinning yarn production method of blending, it is characterized in that: fibre and soya blended colour yarn cladding spandex silk, the spinning look spins spandex core-spun yarn, in described spinning process, spun yarn is done/100 meters of quantitative 0.98~5.9 grams, 15~35 times of drawing-offs, 9000~15000 rev/mins of ingot speed, spandex silk specification 20D-70D, pre-draft multiple is 3-4 times during cladding.
3, a kind of fibre and soya pure spin or with the fiber dyed yarn of other fiber blend, it is characterized in that: adopt that claim 1 or 2 described fibre and soyas are pure to be spun or the blended color spinning yarn production method of blending is made, spinning count is the single thread of 10S~60S and the strand of 10S/2~60S/2, fibre and soya content is 10~100% in the blended yarn, single twist is 400~1200T/m, and strand twist is 210~1100T/m.
CNB200410068075XA 2004-11-11 2004-11-11 Blended color yarn spun by pure spinning or blended spinning of soybean fiber and its production method Active CN100425751C (en)

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CN100457992C (en) * 2005-11-23 2009-02-04 东华大学 Method for spinning soybean protein fiber yarn by centralized spinning
CN101200831B (en) * 2007-01-18 2010-08-18 上海帕兰朵高级服饰有限公司 Soybean fiber thermal underwear face fabric
CN104532606A (en) * 2013-10-29 2015-04-22 泰州吉泰毛纺织染厂 A method of preparing a homogeneous plain-color fabric based on color matching of primary color fibers
CN110295428A (en) * 2019-05-17 2019-10-01 南通世纪天虹纺织有限公司 A kind of spinning process of-II type complex yarn of polyester-viscose blended twin-core
CN112030295A (en) * 2020-09-09 2020-12-04 鲁泰纺织股份有限公司 Shape-retaining knitting yarn, and method and device for producing same

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