CN100408933C - Gasification coal-saving environmental protection normal pressure hot-water boiler - Google Patents

Gasification coal-saving environmental protection normal pressure hot-water boiler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100408933C
CN100408933C CNB2004100796686A CN200410079668A CN100408933C CN 100408933 C CN100408933 C CN 100408933C CN B2004100796686 A CNB2004100796686 A CN B2004100796686A CN 200410079668 A CN200410079668 A CN 200410079668A CN 100408933 C CN100408933 C CN 100408933C
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
coal
heater
flue
water
boiler
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Application number
CNB2004100796686A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1635313A (en
Inventor
陈喜春
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陈喜春
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Priority to CN2004200705080 priority Critical
Priority to CN2004200705076 priority
Priority to CN200420070507 priority
Priority to CN200420070508 priority
Priority to CN200420070506.1 priority
Priority to CN200420070506 priority
Priority to CN200420070507.6 priority
Priority to CN200420070508.0 priority
Priority to CN200420070601 priority
Priority to CN200420070601.1 priority
Priority to CN2004200706011 priority
Application filed by 陈喜春 filed Critical 陈喜春
Priority to CNB2004100796686A priority patent/CN100408933C/en
Publication of CN1635313A publication Critical patent/CN1635313A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN100408933C publication Critical patent/CN100408933C/en

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Abstract

The present invention concerns improvement on indoor heating stove design and Atmospheric hot water boiler relates to an etherealization coal-saving environmental protection ambient pressure water boiler. It is characterized in that in the etherealization coal-saving environmental protection ambient pressure water boiler, the oven shell outer housing thereof is connected with the lower part of the flame tube, the air flue is connected with the top of the oven shell outer housing, with a straight-up cell type heater being exhibited; 4 burning chambers are mounted inside the flame tube, wherein the etherealization burning chamber and the quadric burning chamber are separated and formed by water jacket spacing plates; 3 heat exchanging chambers are formed and separated by water jacket spacing plates at middle part of the flame tube; the hot water pipes, the water jacket spacing plate and the right and left side boards of the flame tube are connected to constitute the heating surface inside the furnace, wherein the hot water pipes are transversally and vertically arranged bundled tubes; moving grates and grates are set at the bottom thereof, and the flue gas begins from two terminals of the flame tube, confluence at the center flowpath thorugh 3 flowpaths and is discharged from the air flue. The present invention is characterized by its professional design, attractive appearance, high thermal efficiency, safe and convenient utilization, nonexistence of environment pollution; is of energy conservation and has large heating load, with 40% of energy conservation compared to a conventional heating stove.

Description

Environment-friendly coal-gasifying and coal-saving normal pressure hot-water boiler

Technical field

The present invention is a kind of new indoor heating hot water boiler design, relates to a kind of environment-friendly coal-gasifying and coal-saving normal pressure hot-water boiler.

Background technology

At present, the design form of heating boiler is a lot, and tradition adopts normal-pressure hot-water boiler, is provided with Automatic grate or semi-automatic fire grate in the stove, and oil burner, coal furnace or the like are arranged.General coal furnace adopts smoke pipe or flap heating surface in the inside of body of heater, the manufacturing process of this class boiler is complicated, the manufacturing raw materials consumption is big, adopt fire coal to make fuel, smoke discharge amount is big, easily causes environmental pollution, by forced ventilation, noise pollution is arranged again, also reduced the thermal efficiency of boiler simultaneously.Exist complex structure, heating surface area little, waste energy, shortcoming such as the thermal efficiency is low.

Summary of the invention

The objective of the invention is to have for the heating heat supply provides a kind of that heating surface area is big, the thermal efficiency is high, use the health cleaning, deashing is clean thoroughly, non-environmental-pollution, gravity-flow ventilation, the economize on electricity of economizing on coal, the environment-friendly coal-gasifying and coal-saving normal pressure hot-water boiler that heating load is big, combustion system is advanced, simple to operate, time saving and energy saving.

Environment-friendly coal-gasifying and coal-saving normal pressure hot-water boiler content Description of the present invention:

Environment-friendly coal-gasifying and coal-saving normal pressure hot-water boiler of the present invention has: body of heater shell, flue, combustion chamber, hot water tube bank, flue, environment-friendly coal-gasifying and coal-saving normal pressure hot-water boiler be shaped as vertical heater; Gasification combustion chamber and the secondary combustion chamber that is divided into by water jacket partition is set, at the indoor air-duct apparatus that is provided with of gasification, and combustion in flue; One or both sides in flue or middle part are provided with the Heat Room that is communicated with the combustion chamber, is divided into by water jacket partition; The hot water tube bank is the horizontal or vertical festoon of arranging.

Described environment-friendly coal-gasifying and coal-saving normal pressure hot-water boiler is equiped with dust remover in the outside of hot water tube bank, is provided with at the two ends of body of heater shell and throws coal shutter, middle fire door; The bottom of body of heater shell is a base, be divided into deashing, grit chamber by dividing plate, and lower furnace door, shoot door, clean-out door are set, and in the side of body of heater shell side upper furnace door, water inlet pipe are set, set out water pipe, explosion-proof valve, atmospheric communicating pipe, Pressure gauge, thermometer, pressure fan at the top of body of heater; The gasification combustion chamber below is provided with fire grate, and the secondary combustion chamber below is provided with moving grate.

Described environment-friendly coal-gasifying and coal-saving normal pressure hot-water boiler adopts insulation material to make the furnace shell heat-insulation layer in the outside of body of heater shell.

Described environment-friendly coal-gasifying and coal-saving normal pressure hot-water boiler is provided with two-way gasification combustion chamber at the middle part of flue, in the bottom of body of heater two-way fire grate is set, and shoot door is set in that the top of body of heater is forward and backward.

Described environment-friendly coal-gasifying and coal-saving normal pressure hot-water boiler is provided with boiler, boiler water inlet pipe, boiler outlet pipe at the top of body of heater.

Described environment-friendly coal-gasifying and coal-saving normal pressure hot-water boiler, flue top is provided with the bathing heater structure, and the bathing heater structure is by the top at flue heater, tube, heater inlet, heater outlet pipe to be set to constitute.

Described environment-friendly coal-gasifying and coal-saving normal pressure hot-water boiler is provided with the tubular type fire grate in the front portion of body of heater, the middle and lower part of flue, and the two ends of tubular type fire grate are connected with the front vertical plate of flue and water jacket partition, forms two combustion chambers, i.e. gasification combustion chamber, secondary combustion chamber.

Described environment-friendly coal-gasifying and coal-saving normal pressure hot-water boiler, vertical fire tube structure is set in flue replaces the hot water tube bank, vertical fire tube structure is that Heat Room is provided with tube sheet, vertical fire tube in flue, the Heat Room top is provided with ash removing opening, the front and back of tube sheet are connected with water jacket partition, about be connected the two ends of the vertical fire tube composition stove internal heating surface that is connected with tube sheet with the left side plate of flue.

Environment-friendly coal-gasifying and coal-saving normal pressure hot-water boiler of the present invention, 4 combustion chambers are set in stove, flue gas in stove through three flow processs, increased the heating surface area of boiler greatly, improved the thermal efficiency of boiler. have reasonable in design, combustion system is advanced, handsome in appearance, the thermal efficiency is high, use hygienic and convenient, deashing is clean thoroughly, non-environmental-pollution, gravity-flow ventilation, the economize on electricity of economizing on coal, time saving and energy saving, characteristics that heating load is big, only need every day coal to get final product for 3 times, relatively can save energy more than 40% with the traditional heating stove.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the environment-friendly coal-gasifying and coal-saving normal pressure hot-water boiler structural representation

Fig. 2 is a bilateral-firing cell structure schematic diagram in the environment-friendly coal-gasifying and coal-saving normal pressure hot-water boiler

Fig. 3 is a bathing heater structure schematic diagram in the environment-friendly coal-gasifying and coal-saving normal pressure hot-water boiler

Fig. 4 is a boiler structural representation in the environment-friendly coal-gasifying and coal-saving normal pressure hot-water boiler

Fig. 5 is a tubular type fire grate structural representation in the environment-friendly coal-gasifying and coal-saving normal pressure hot-water boiler

Fig. 6 is a vertical fire tube structural representation in the environment-friendly coal-gasifying and coal-saving normal pressure hot-water boiler

The specific embodiment

Embodiment 1

Environment-friendly coal-gasifying and coal-saving normal pressure hot-water boiler of the present invention is achieved in that to do below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and specifies.See Fig. 1, among the figure: 1 is the body of heater shell, 2 is flue, 3 is water jacket partition, 4 is outlet pipe, 5 are the hot water tube bank, 6 is explosion-proof valve, 7 is flue, 8 is the manual dust remover of multiaperture-type pull bar, 9 is atmospheric communicating pipe, 10 is Pressure gauge, 11 is thermometer, 12 is pressure fan, 13 is air-duct apparatus, 14 is gasification combustion chamber, 15 is the side upper furnace door, 16 is secondary combustion chamber, 17 is the base dividing plate, 18 is clean-out door, 19 is Heat Room, 20 is shoot door, 21 is water inlet pipe, 22 is moving grate, 23 is base, 24 is lower furnace door, 25 is middle fire door, 26 is fire grate, 27 for throwing the coal shutter, 28 are furnace shell heat-insulation layer composition.The body of heater shell 1 of environment-friendly coal-gasifying and coal-saving normal pressure hot-water boiler is connected with flue 2 bottoms, flue 7 is connected with body of heater shell 1 top, it is shaped as vertical heater: 4 combustion chambers are set in flue 2, and wherein gasification combustion chamber 14 and secondary combustion chamber 16 are to be divided into by water jacket partition 3.Middle part at flue 2 is divided into 3 Heat Rooms 19 by water jacket partition 3; Hot-water line 5, water jacket partition 3 are connected with the left side plate of flue 2 and form the stove internal heating surface, and hot-water line 5 is the festoon of lateral arrangement; Do not put moving grate 22, fire grate 26 in its bottom, flue gas is begun by the two ends of flue 2, merging in the center flow process through three flow processs discharges from flue 7, at the manual dust remover 8 of the outside of hot-water line 5 installing multiaperture-type pull bar, throwing coal shutter 27, middle fire door 25 are set at the two ends of body of heater shell 1, are that the part of body of heater shell 1, flue 2 connects and composes; In the bottom of body of heater shell 1 is base 23, be divided into 5 deashing chambers by 4 dividing plates 17, and lower furnace door 24, shoot door 20, clean-out door 18 be set, side upper furnace door 15, water inlet pipe 21 are set in the both sides of body of heater shell 1, air-duct apparatus 13 is set in gasification combustion chamber 14, set out water pipe 4, explosion-proof valve 6, atmospheric communicating pipe 9, Pressure gauge 10 at the top of body of heater, thermometer 11, pressure fan 12.

Adopt insulation material to make furnace shell heat-insulation layer 28 in the outside of body of heater shell 1.

Cold water enters by water inlet pipe 21, and hot water is emitted by outlet pipe 4, enters to carry out thermodynamic cycle in the heating system, and explosion-proof valve 6 is the safety device of body of heater, by thermometer 11 observation control water temperatures.Is that gasification combustion chamber 14 is combustion-supporting by pressure fan 12 by air-duct apparatus 13.In the bottom of body of heater shell 1 is base 20, is divided into 5 deashing grit chambers by dividing plate 17, and lower furnace door 24, shoot door 20, clean-out door 18 are set.

From throwing coal shutter 27 the fire coal input is filled it up with in the gasification combustion chamber 14, coal-fired after burning on the fire grate 26, when burning zone is blocked up, can move the head of delivering coal on the fire grate 26, unburnt red charcoal on the fire grate 26 is sent in the secondary combustion chamber 16, burn away until after-flame.When gasification combustion chamber's 14 combustion efficiencies are bad, can pass through pressure fan 12, by air-duct apparatus 13, employing force ventilation is combustion-supporting, when the inwall of flue 2 and hot-water line 5 hang with dust stratification, can spur the manual dust remover 8 of multiaperture-type pull bar dust stratification is removed, guarantee that pyrotechnics normally moves.Lime-ash after the boiler combustion is removed outside the stove from lower furnace door 24, shoot door 20, clean-out door 18.

Embodiment 2

See Fig. 2, the bilateral-firing cell structure that is provided with in the environment-friendly coal-gasifying and coal-saving normal pressure hot-water boiler is achieved in that at the middle part of flue 2, and two-way gasification combustion chamber 31 is set, two-way fire grate 29 is set in the bottom of body of heater, shoot door 30 is set in that the top of body of heater is forward and backward.Adopt this structure, flue gas is begun by the center of flue 2, to two ends, after three flow processs, merges in central gas duct 7 again and discharges.

Embodiment 3

See Fig. 3, the bathing heater structure that is provided with in the environment-friendly coal-gasifying and coal-saving normal pressure hot-water boiler is achieved in that heater 33, tube, heater inlet 32, heater outlet pipe 34 is set on the top of flue 2.Flue gas is begun by the front portion of flue 2, discharges from body of heater rear portion flue 7 through three flow processs.

Embodiment 4

See Fig. 4, the boiler structure that is provided with in the environment-friendly coal-gasifying and coal-saving normal pressure hot-water boiler is achieved in that boiler 35, boiler water inlet pipe 36, boiler outlet pipe 37 is set at the top of body of heater.Flue gas is begun by the front portion of flue 2, discharges from body of heater rear portion flue 7 through three flow processs.

Embodiment 5

See Fig. 5, the tubular type fire grate structure that is provided with in the environment-friendly coal-gasifying and coal-saving normal pressure hot-water boiler is to realize like this, in the anterior flue 2 of body of heater, the bottom is provided with tubular type fire grate 38, the two ends of tubular type fire grate 38 are connected with the front vertical plate and the water jacket partition 3 of flue 2, form two combustion chambers, i.e. gasification combustion chamber 14, secondary combustion chamber 16.Coal-fired after burning on the fire grate 38, when burning zone was blocked up, available fiery hook was deleted unburnt red charcoal on the fire grate 38 in secondary combustion chamber 16, burns away until after-flame.Flue gas is begun by the front portion of boiler, discharges from body of heater rear portion flue 7 through three flow processs.

Embodiment 6

See Fig. 6, the vertical fire tube structure that is provided with in the environment-friendly coal-gasifying and coal-saving normal pressure hot-water boiler is to realize like this, upper and lower tube sheet 41, vertical fire tube 40, the ash removing opening 42 of being provided with of Heat Room in flue 2, the front and back of tube sheet 41 are connected with water jacket partition 3, about be connected the two ends of the vertical fire tube 40 composition stove internal heating surface that is connected with tube sheet 41 with the left side plate of flue 2.

Flue gas is begun by the front portion of boiler, discharges from body of heater rear portion flue 7 through three flow processs in the Heat Room fire tube.

Claims (8)

1. environment-friendly coal-gasifying and coal-saving normal pressure hot-water boiler has: body of heater shell (1), flue (2), combustion chamber, hot water tube bank (5), flue (7) is characterized in that: environment-friendly coal-gasifying and coal-saving normal pressure hot-water boiler be shaped as vertical heater; Gasification combustion chamber (14) and the secondary combustion chamber (16) that is divided into by water jacket partition (3) is set in flue (2), air-duct apparatus (13) is set in gasification combustion chamber (14); One or both sides in flue (2) or middle part are provided with the Heat Room (19) that is communicated with the combustion chamber, is divided into by water jacket partition (3); Hot water tube bank (5) is the horizontal or vertical festoon of arranging.
2. environment-friendly coal-gasifying and coal-saving normal pressure hot-water boiler according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the outside in hot water tube bank (5) is equiped with dust remover (8), is provided with at the two ends of body of heater shell (1) to throw coal shutter (27), middle fire door (25); The bottom of body of heater shell (1) is base (23), be divided into deashing, grit chamber by dividing plate (17), and lower furnace door (24), shoot door (20), clean-out door (18) be set, side upper furnace door (15), water inlet pipe (21) are set in the side of body of heater shell (1), set out water pipe (4), explosion-proof valve (6), atmospheric communicating pipe (9), Pressure gauge (10), thermometer (11), pressure fan (12) at the top of body of heater; Gasification combustion chamber (14) below is provided with fire grate (26), and secondary combustion chamber (16) below is provided with moving grate (22).
3. environment-friendly coal-gasifying and coal-saving normal pressure hot-water boiler according to claim 1 is characterized in that: adopt insulation material to make furnace shell heat-insulation layer (28) in the outside of body of heater shell (1).
4. environment-friendly coal-gasifying and coal-saving normal pressure hot-water boiler according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: two-way gasification combustion chamber (31) is set at the middle part of flue (2), two-way fire grate (29) is set in the bottom of body of heater, shoot door (30) is set in that the top of body of heater is forward and backward.
5. environment-friendly coal-gasifying and coal-saving normal pressure hot-water boiler according to claim 1 is characterized in that: boiler (35), boiler water inlet pipe (36), boiler outlet pipe (37) are set at the top of body of heater.
6. environment-friendly coal-gasifying and coal-saving normal pressure hot-water boiler according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: flue (2) top is provided with the bathing heater structure, and the bathing heater structure is by the top at flue (2) heater (33), tube, heater inlet (32), heater outlet pipe (34) formation to be set.
7. environment-friendly coal-gasifying and coal-saving normal pressure hot-water boiler according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: tubular type fire grate (38) is set in the front portion of body of heater, the middle and lower part of flue (2), the two ends of tubular type fire grate (38) are connected with the front vertical plate and the water jacket partition (3) of flue (2), form two combustion chambers, i.e. gasification combustion chamber (14), secondary combustion chamber (16).
8. environment-friendly coal-gasifying and coal-saving normal pressure hot-water boiler according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: vertical fire tube structure is set in flue (2) replaces hot water tube bank (5), vertical fire tube structure is that Heat Room is provided with tube sheet (41), vertical fire tube (40) in flue (2), the Heat Room top is provided with ash removing opening (42), the front and back of tube sheet (41) are connected with water jacket partition (3), about be connected the two ends of vertical fire tube (40) the composition stove internal heating surface that is connected with tube sheet (41) with the left side plate of flue (2).
CNB2004100796686A 2004-09-02 2004-12-22 Gasification coal-saving environmental protection normal pressure hot-water boiler CN100408933C (en)

Priority Applications (12)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200420070507 2004-09-02
CN200420070508 2004-09-02
CN200420070506.1 2004-09-02
CN200420070506 2004-09-02
CN2004200705080 2004-09-02
CN2004200705076 2004-09-02
CN200420070507.6 2004-09-02
CN200420070508.0 2004-09-02
CN2004200706011 2004-09-09
CN200420070601 2004-09-09
CN200420070601.1 2004-09-09
CNB2004100796686A CN100408933C (en) 2004-09-02 2004-12-22 Gasification coal-saving environmental protection normal pressure hot-water boiler

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2004100796686A CN100408933C (en) 2004-09-02 2004-12-22 Gasification coal-saving environmental protection normal pressure hot-water boiler

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CN1635313A CN1635313A (en) 2005-07-06
CN100408933C true CN100408933C (en) 2008-08-06

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN100451476C (en) * 2007-03-28 2009-01-14 刘毅 Small pier boiler
CN102410624A (en) * 2011-12-04 2012-04-11 郴州自然人热能设备有限公司 Biomass-burnt hot water boiler
CN103629808A (en) * 2013-12-09 2014-03-12 陈喜春 Rapid-heating clean-fuel hot-water boiler
CN104089397B (en) * 2014-07-08 2017-01-04 余姚市益群机械厂 A kind of secondary combustion energy-saving boiler
CN104896729B (en) * 2015-06-09 2017-12-22 王永强 Pluralities of fuel environment-protection boiler

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2293674A1 (en) * 1974-12-06 1976-07-02 Forissier Bouilhol Germain Heat recuperator for furnace - has layers of serpentine coils or set of vertical finned plates for water circulation
US4089303A (en) * 1975-06-03 1978-05-16 Andre Brulfert Boiler or vapor generator using catalytic combustion of hydrocarbons
GB1559937A (en) * 1976-08-07 1980-01-30 Buderus Ag Apparatus for recovering heat from waste water
CN2096719U (en) * 1991-05-08 1992-02-19 何沛雷 Double-row multi-burn type atmospheric stove
CN2300844Y (en) * 1997-03-17 1998-12-16 白国义 Efficient atmosphere pressure vertical boiler
CN2332896Y (en) * 1997-07-21 1999-08-11 徐振民 Single-layer back-burning coal-storage burner for coal boiler and kiln
CN2333963Y (en) * 1998-08-06 1999-08-18 王庆水 Square box type three-return atmospheric hot water boiler
CN2333954Y (en) * 1998-06-12 1999-08-18 艾诚 High-efficiency multi-functional civil boiler
CN2593111Y (en) * 2002-12-27 2003-12-17 陈喜春 Double-chamber coal-burning efficient fumeless energy-saving hot-water heating stove for environmental protection

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2293674A1 (en) * 1974-12-06 1976-07-02 Forissier Bouilhol Germain Heat recuperator for furnace - has layers of serpentine coils or set of vertical finned plates for water circulation
US4089303A (en) * 1975-06-03 1978-05-16 Andre Brulfert Boiler or vapor generator using catalytic combustion of hydrocarbons
GB1559937A (en) * 1976-08-07 1980-01-30 Buderus Ag Apparatus for recovering heat from waste water
CN2096719U (en) * 1991-05-08 1992-02-19 何沛雷 Double-row multi-burn type atmospheric stove
CN2300844Y (en) * 1997-03-17 1998-12-16 白国义 Efficient atmosphere pressure vertical boiler
CN2332896Y (en) * 1997-07-21 1999-08-11 徐振民 Single-layer back-burning coal-storage burner for coal boiler and kiln
CN2333954Y (en) * 1998-06-12 1999-08-18 艾诚 High-efficiency multi-functional civil boiler
CN2333963Y (en) * 1998-08-06 1999-08-18 王庆水 Square box type three-return atmospheric hot water boiler
CN2593111Y (en) * 2002-12-27 2003-12-17 陈喜春 Double-chamber coal-burning efficient fumeless energy-saving hot-water heating stove for environmental protection

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