CN100401414C - Optical disk equipment and optical disk recording method - Google Patents

Optical disk equipment and optical disk recording method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100401414C
CN100401414C CN 03814369 CN03814369A CN100401414C CN 100401414 C CN100401414 C CN 100401414C CN 03814369 CN03814369 CN 03814369 CN 03814369 A CN03814369 A CN 03814369A CN 100401414 C CN100401414 C CN 100401414C
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China
Prior art keywords
file
management information
recording
recorded
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CN 03814369
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1662983A (en
Inventor
吉冈新吾
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索尼株式会社;日本先锋公司
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Priority to JP124604/2002 priority Critical
Priority to JP2002124604A priority patent/JP3861261B2/en
Application filed by 索尼株式会社;日本先锋公司 filed Critical 索尼株式会社;日本先锋公司
Publication of CN1662983A publication Critical patent/CN1662983A/en
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Publication of CN100401414C publication Critical patent/CN100401414C/en

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N1/00Scanning, transmission or reproduction of documents or the like, e.g. facsimile transmission; Details thereof
    • H04N1/32Circuits or arrangements for control or supervision between transmitter and receiver or between image input and image output device
    • H04N1/32101Display, printing, storage or transmission of additional information, e.g. ID code, date and time or title
    • H04N1/32106Display, printing, storage or transmission of additional information, e.g. ID code, date and time or title separate from the image data, e.g. in a different computer file
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B20/00Signal processing not specific to the method of recording or reproducing; Circuits therefor
    • G11B20/10Digital recording or reproducing
    • G11B20/12Formatting, e.g. arrangement of data block or words on the record carriers
    • G11B20/1262Formatting, e.g. arrangement of data block or words on the record carriers with more than one format/standard, e.g. conversion from CD-audio format to R-DAT format
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B27/00Editing; Indexing; Addressing; Timing or synchronising; Monitoring; Measuring tape travel
    • G11B27/02Editing, e.g. varying the order of information signals recorded on, or reproduced from, record carriers
    • G11B27/031Electronic editing of digitised analogue information signals, e.g. audio or video signals
    • G11B27/034Electronic editing of digitised analogue information signals, e.g. audio or video signals on discs
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B27/00Editing; Indexing; Addressing; Timing or synchronising; Monitoring; Measuring tape travel
    • G11B27/10Indexing; Addressing; Timing or synchronising; Measuring tape travel
    • G11B27/102Programmed access in sequence to addressed parts of tracks of operating record carriers
    • G11B27/105Programmed access in sequence to addressed parts of tracks of operating record carriers of operating discs
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B27/00Editing; Indexing; Addressing; Timing or synchronising; Monitoring; Measuring tape travel
    • G11B27/10Indexing; Addressing; Timing or synchronising; Measuring tape travel
    • G11B27/19Indexing; Addressing; Timing or synchronising; Measuring tape travel by using information detectable on the record carrier
    • G11B27/28Indexing; Addressing; Timing or synchronising; Measuring tape travel by using information detectable on the record carrier by using information signals recorded by the same method as the main recording
    • G11B27/32Indexing; Addressing; Timing or synchronising; Measuring tape travel by using information detectable on the record carrier by using information signals recorded by the same method as the main recording on separate auxiliary tracks of the same or an auxiliary record carrier
    • G11B27/327Table of contents
    • G11B27/329Table of contents on a disc [VTOC]
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N1/00Scanning, transmission or reproduction of documents or the like, e.g. facsimile transmission; Details thereof
    • H04N1/21Intermediate information storage
    • H04N1/2104Intermediate information storage for one or a few pictures
    • H04N1/2112Intermediate information storage for one or a few pictures using still video cameras
    • H04N1/212Motion video recording combined with still video recording
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    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
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    • H04N9/7921Processing of colour television signals in connection with recording for more than one processing mode
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    • G11B2020/10861Finalising a record carrier after a recording operation, e.g. to ensure compatibility with a ROM medium
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    • G11B2020/10935Digital recording or reproducing wherein a time constraint must be met
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    • G11B20/10Digital recording or reproducing
    • G11B20/12Formatting, e.g. arrangement of data block or words on the record carriers
    • G11B20/1217Formatting, e.g. arrangement of data block or words on the record carriers on discs
    • G11B2020/1218Formatting, e.g. arrangement of data block or words on the record carriers on discs wherein the formatting concerns a specific area of the disc
    • G11B2020/1241Formatting, e.g. arrangement of data block or words on the record carriers on discs wherein the formatting concerns a specific area of the disc user area, i.e. the area of a disc where user data are to be recorded
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B2220/00Record carriers by type
    • G11B2220/20Disc-shaped record carriers
    • G11B2220/21Disc-shaped record carriers characterised in that the disc is of read-only, rewritable, or recordable type
    • G11B2220/215Recordable discs
    • G11B2220/216Rewritable discs
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B2220/00Record carriers by type
    • G11B2220/20Disc-shaped record carriers
    • G11B2220/21Disc-shaped record carriers characterised in that the disc is of read-only, rewritable, or recordable type
    • G11B2220/215Recordable discs
    • G11B2220/218Write-once discs
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B2220/00Record carriers by type
    • G11B2220/20Disc-shaped record carriers
    • G11B2220/25Disc-shaped record carriers characterised in that the disc is based on a specific recording technology
    • G11B2220/2537Optical discs
    • G11B2220/2562DVDs [digital versatile discs]; Digital video discs; MMCDs; HDCDs
    • GPHYSICS
    • G11INFORMATION STORAGE
    • G11BINFORMATION STORAGE BASED ON RELATIVE MOVEMENT BETWEEN RECORD CARRIER AND TRANSDUCER
    • G11B2220/00Record carriers by type
    • G11B2220/20Disc-shaped record carriers
    • G11B2220/25Disc-shaped record carriers characterised in that the disc is based on a specific recording technology
    • G11B2220/2537Optical discs
    • G11B2220/2562DVDs [digital versatile discs]; Digital video discs; MMCDs; HDCDs
    • G11B2220/2575DVD-RAMs
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    • H04N2201/00Indexing scheme relating to scanning, transmission or reproduction of documents or the like, and to details thereof
    • H04N2201/32Circuits or arrangements for control or supervision between transmitter and receiver or between image input and image output device
    • H04N2201/3201Display, printing, storage or transmission of additional information, e.g. ID code, date and time or title
    • H04N2201/3212Display, printing, storage or transmission of additional information, e.g. ID code, date and time or title of data relating to a job, e.g. communication, capture or filing of an image
    • H04N2201/3214Display, printing, storage or transmission of additional information, e.g. ID code, date and time or title of data relating to a job, e.g. communication, capture or filing of an image of a date
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N2201/00Indexing scheme relating to scanning, transmission or reproduction of documents or the like, and to details thereof
    • H04N2201/32Circuits or arrangements for control or supervision between transmitter and receiver or between image input and image output device
    • H04N2201/3201Display, printing, storage or transmission of additional information, e.g. ID code, date and time or title
    • H04N2201/3212Display, printing, storage or transmission of additional information, e.g. ID code, date and time or title of data relating to a job, e.g. communication, capture or filing of an image
    • H04N2201/3215Display, printing, storage or transmission of additional information, e.g. ID code, date and time or title of data relating to a job, e.g. communication, capture or filing of an image of a time or duration
    • HELECTRICITY
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    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N2201/00Indexing scheme relating to scanning, transmission or reproduction of documents or the like, and to details thereof
    • H04N2201/32Circuits or arrangements for control or supervision between transmitter and receiver or between image input and image output device
    • H04N2201/3201Display, printing, storage or transmission of additional information, e.g. ID code, date and time or title
    • H04N2201/3212Display, printing, storage or transmission of additional information, e.g. ID code, date and time or title of data relating to a job, e.g. communication, capture or filing of an image
    • H04N2201/3216Display, printing, storage or transmission of additional information, e.g. ID code, date and time or title of data relating to a job, e.g. communication, capture or filing of an image of a job size, e.g. a number of images, pages or copies, size of file, length of message
    • HELECTRICITY
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    • H04N2201/00Indexing scheme relating to scanning, transmission or reproduction of documents or the like, and to details thereof
    • H04N2201/32Circuits or arrangements for control or supervision between transmitter and receiver or between image input and image output device
    • H04N2201/3201Display, printing, storage or transmission of additional information, e.g. ID code, date and time or title
    • H04N2201/3261Display, printing, storage or transmission of additional information, e.g. ID code, date and time or title of multimedia information, e.g. a sound signal
    • H04N2201/3267Display, printing, storage or transmission of additional information, e.g. ID code, date and time or title of multimedia information, e.g. a sound signal of motion picture signals, e.g. video clip
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
    • H04N2201/00Indexing scheme relating to scanning, transmission or reproduction of documents or the like, and to details thereof
    • H04N2201/32Circuits or arrangements for control or supervision between transmitter and receiver or between image input and image output device
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    • H04N2201/3274Storage or retrieval of prestored additional information
    • H04N2201/3277The additional information being stored in the same storage device as the image data
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    • H04N5/00Details of television systems
    • H04N5/76Television signal recording
    • H04N5/84Television signal recording using optical recording
    • H04N5/85Television signal recording using optical recording on discs or drums
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
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    • H04N9/79Processing of colour television signals in connection with recording
    • H04N9/80Transformation of the television signal for recording, e.g. modulation, frequency changing; Inverse transformation for playback
    • H04N9/804Transformation of the television signal for recording, e.g. modulation, frequency changing; Inverse transformation for playback involving pulse code modulation of the colour picture signal components
    • H04N9/8042Transformation of the television signal for recording, e.g. modulation, frequency changing; Inverse transformation for playback involving pulse code modulation of the colour picture signal components involving data reduction
    • HELECTRICITY
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    • H04NPICTORIAL COMMUNICATION, e.g. TELEVISION
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    • H04N9/79Processing of colour television signals in connection with recording
    • H04N9/80Transformation of the television signal for recording, e.g. modulation, frequency changing; Inverse transformation for playback
    • H04N9/804Transformation of the television signal for recording, e.g. modulation, frequency changing; Inverse transformation for playback involving pulse code modulation of the colour picture signal components
    • H04N9/8042Transformation of the television signal for recording, e.g. modulation, frequency changing; Inverse transformation for playback involving pulse code modulation of the colour picture signal components involving data reduction
    • H04N9/8047Transformation of the television signal for recording, e.g. modulation, frequency changing; Inverse transformation for playback involving pulse code modulation of the colour picture signal components involving data reduction using transform coding

Abstract

一种光盘设备,它能够记录运动图像以及除了运动图像以外的静止图像文件。 An optical disk apparatus capable of recording a moving image and a still image file in addition to the moving image. 该光盘设备包括:微型计算机(4),用于为控制要记录的文件产生信息;还包括记录装置,具有DVD信号处理器(14),用于将要记录的文件和相应于文件的控制信息组合在一起,并将该组合集记录到光盘上的节目区中,该记录装置还包括随机存取存储器(15),模拟前端部分(16),电机放大器(18),光头(19)和主轴电机(20);微型计算机(4)起着控制装置的作用,用以控制至少由控制信息产生装置和记录装置构成的微型计算机(4)的操作。 The optical disk apparatus comprising: a microcomputer (4), the file for generating control information to be recorded; further comprises recording means having DVD signal processor (14), for the file to be recorded and control information corresponding to the file in combination together, and to record the combined set of the program area on the optical disc, the recording apparatus further comprises a random access memory (15), the analog front end portion (16), the motor amplifier (18), the optical head (19) and the spindle motor (20); a microcomputer (4) serves as control means for controlling at least a microcomputer generating means and the recording apparatus constituted by control information (4) operation. 微型计算机(4)根据文件的属性来转换文件和节目区的控制信息记录格式。 The microcomputer (4) The attribute file recording control information to convert the file format and the program area.

Description

光盘设备和光盘记录方法 The optical disk apparatus and optical disk recording method

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及到一种记录设备、 一种记录方法、 一种记录程序和一种其中记录有记录程序的记录介质。 The present invention relates to a recording apparatus, a recording method, a recording program and a recording medium wherein the recording of the program. 例如,本发明可以用于DVD(数字多功能盘)。 For example, the present invention may be used in DVD (Digital Versatile Disc). 根据本发明,根据文件的属性,通过选择要与文件一起记录的管理信息的格式,除运动图像外也能够记录静止图像的文件。 According to the invention, in accordance with attribute of the file, by selecting the format management information to be recorded together with the file, in addition to the moving image file can be a still image recording. 根据本发明,还可用标准的光盘驱动器来检验记录在光盘上的运动图像外的静止图像的文件的内容,例如,按照为文件选择的格式来记录在光盘上记录的文件。 According to the present invention, may be an optical disk drive standard to verify the contents of the still image file of a moving image on the outside of the optical disc recording, for example, the format for the file selected by the file recorded on the optical disk recording. 本申请要求在2002年4月25日提交的日本专利申请No.2002 - 124604 的优先权,现将其全部内容合并于此,以供参考。 This application claims priority from Japanese Patent April 25, 2002, filed No.2002 - priority 124,604, and now the entire contents of which are incorporated herein by reference. 背景技术通常,现有的、作为大容量光盘使用的DVD包括可写DVD(数字多功能盘),例如,DVD-R(可记录DVD)、 DVD-RW(可重写DVD)、 DVD-RAM (随机存取存储器)。 BACKGROUND ART Generally, a conventional, large-capacity optical disk used as DVD includes a writable DVD (Digital Versatile Disc), e.g., DVD-R (recordable DVD), DVD-RW (rewritable DVD), DVD-RAM (random access memory). 在这些DVD之中,可以用只再现的(reproduce-only)光盘驱动器或计算机来播放其中具有按符合DVD视频格式的格式记录的视频数据的DVD-R、 DVD-RW,从而再现视频数据。 Among these DVD can be reproduced only with (reproduce-only) optical disk drive or a computer to play DVD-R having such form as a video recording format of the DVD video data, DVD-RW, thereby reproducing video data. 图1A到图1C所示的图用于说明基于DVD视频格式的光盘的逻辑格式。 1A to FIG 1C illustrate a logical format of the optical disc based on the DVD video format. 如图1A所示,按DVD视频格式进行了逻辑格式化的光盘具有信息记录区, 这个区被分成在其最内圓周上称为"导入(leadin)"的区段,数据区段和在其最外圓周上称为"导出(lead out)"的区段。 As shown, according to the DVD video format of the optical disc 1A having a logically formatted information recording area, the area is divided in its most inner circumferential portion is called "import (leadin)", the data section and in which called "export (lead out)" section on the outermost circumference. 光盘将把所想要的视频数据等记录到它的数据区段上。 CD-ROM will want to record video data on its data segment. 如图所示,从导入区段开始,该数据区段依次包括UDF(通用盘格式)区(文件系统区)A1 、 VMG(视频管理器)区、(DVD管理信息区)A2和实时数据记录区A3。 And recording real time data as shown in FIG starts from the inlet zone, the data zone successively comprising UDF (universal disk format) area (file system area) A1, VMG (Video Manager) area, (DVD management information area) A2 area A3. UDF区和VMG区提供来记录用于管理记录在此光盘中的视频数据文件的管理信息。 UDF area and VMG area provided to record management information for managing the recording of video data files on that disc. 在UDF区和VMG区中,作为第二管理信息记录区的VMG 区A2用于DVD视频格式独有的视频文件管理系统,且该VMG区A2记录有用于管理记录在实时数据记录区A3中的全部视频数据的TOC信息(内容表)。 In the UDF area and VMG area, as the second management information recording area VMG area A2 for DVD video format unique to the video file management system, and the VMG area A2 record for managing records in real-time data recording area A3 in TOC information of all video data (table of contents). 另一方面,作为第一管理信息记录区的UDF区Al用子由计算机进行的文件管理,且该UDF区Al记录管理信息,该管理信息用于管理按照与计算机的文件管理系统相兼容的格式记录在实时数据记录区A3中的全部视频数据。 On the other hand, as the UDF management information recording area of ​​the first sub-area Al file management by a computer, and recording management information of the UDF Al region, according to the management information for managing a file management system and a computer compatible format all recorded video data in real-time data recording area A3 in. 如在图IB中所示,实时数据记录区A3是要记录实时数据的节目区(program area),并且以VTS(视频标题集;在下面任何合适的地方,都简称之为"标题")为单位将视频数据记录在其中。 As shown in FIG IB, the real-time data recording area A3 is a program area for recording real time data (program area), and with VTS (Video Title Set; at any suitable place below, are simply referred to as "heading") is units of video data recorded therein. 应当说明的是,最多只能提供99 个VTS。 It should be noted, can only provide 99 VTS. 重要的是要说明如下一点,即如图1C所示,"VTS"是由VTSI(视频标题集信息)、VTSMVOBS(VTSM的视频对象集)、VTSTT VOBS(VTS中若干标题的视频对象集)和VTSI BUP(VTSI的备4分)几部分并按此顺序组成的。 It is important to point described below, that is shown, "VTS" in FIG. 1C by the VTSI (Video Title Set Information), VTSMVOBS (VTSM video object set), VTSTT VOBS (video object set in the plurality of VTS title), and VTSI BUP (VTSI Preparation of 4 points) in this order and parts thereof. VTSTT VOBS中记录作为实视频数据的MPEG(运动图像专家组)-2格式的视频数据,VTSI中记录地址信息等,用以管理由实数据组成的视频数据,VTSM VOBS中将记录视频数据的标题菜单。 VTSTT_VOBS VOBS recorded as real video data, MPEG (Moving Picture Experts Group) -2 format video data VTSI, VTSI recording address information and the like, for managing the video data composed of real data, the VTSM VOBS in the video data is recorded title menu. 应当说明的是,VTSM VOBS是一个选项,VTSI BUP是VTSI的备份。 It should be noted that, VTSM VOBS is an option, VTSI BUP is a backup of VTSI. 在计算机存取上述的光盘时,能够根据UDF来查找所需要的文件供再现之用。 When the above-described optical disk accessed by a computer, it is possible to find the desired file according to the UDF for rendering purposes. 在用DVD播放器来再现光盘时,可以根据VMG来查找所需要的文件供再现之用。 When using a DVD player to reproduce the disc, you can find the required files based on VMG for reproduction purposes. 用递增的记录方法(下面将称之为"INC方法")或受限制的盖写(overwrite )方法(下面将称之为"ROW方法")将视频数据写到这样的光盘上。 Incremental recording method (will be referred to as "INC. Method" below) or restricted overwrite (Overwrite) method (which will be referred to as "the ROW method" below) is written to the video data on such an optical disc. INC方法是供视频数据的顺序记录用的,而ROW方法则用于可盖写的光盘上。 INC is the method for sequential recording of video data, while the ROW method is used on a rewritable optical disc. 然而,在ROW方法中,也能顺序记录将要记录到新的(未记录的)区上的视频数据。 However, in the ROW method, it can be sequentially recorded to the recorded video data on the new area (unrecorded). 在INC和ROW方法中,沿着导入区段的内圏圆周定义的RMA(记录管理区)为光盘提供了如预约(reservation)之类操作的区管理。 In the INC and ROW methods, introduced along the inner rings of the circumferential segment defined by the RMA (recording management area) provided as a management area reservation (Reservation) or the like for the optical disc operation. 图2A到2H示出了用于说明基于INC的记录过程的图。 Figures 2A to 2H shows a diagram for explaining the INC-based recording procedure. 对于基于INC 的记录,定义要把数据记录到最大三个每个称为"Rzone (R区段),,的区中。 并按照RAM标准来管理每一个Rzone。更具体地说,在运动图像的基于INC的记录中,如图2A所示,首先要预约Rzone。为了预约Rzone,为其中要记录管理信息的UDF和VMG区定义Rzone 1,并将关于顶端VTS的VTSI和VTSM VOBS的下一个Rzone 2 定义在构成实时数据记录区的未记录区中,并将剩余的未记录区定义为"不可见的Rzone"。在INC方法中,通过预约Rzone 1和Rzone 2来预约管理信息记录区和将要在其中形成顶端VTS的VTSI和VTSM VOBS的区。在INC方法中,通过记录乂人"不可见的Rzone,,的起始处顺序开始的^L频数据来定义实数据的VTSTTVOBS。 For the INC-based recording, data is to be recorded to define a maximum of three areas each called "Rzone (R zone) ,, in. And managed according to each standard RAM, Rzone. More specifically, in the moving picture the INC-based recording, 2A, first Rzone reservation. Rzone reservation order, to be recorded in which UDF and VMG areas defined Rzone 1 management information, and the next on the top of the VTS and VTSM VOBS of VTSI Rzone 2 is defined in the real-time data recording area constituting the unrecorded area, and the remaining unrecorded area is defined as "invisible Rzone." in the INC method, the Rzone reservation Rzone. 1 and 2 to the reservation management information recording area and VTSI and VTSM VOBS area which is to be formed in the top of the VTS. in the INC method, "^ L pilot sequence data starting at the beginning of invisible Rzone ,, VTSTTVOBS real data is defined by recording a person qe. 此外, 一旦根据用户的指令完成了在一个标题下的实数据的记录,就将VTSIBUP记录到如图2B所示的实数据的记录之后,并在起始处再次在Rzone 2定义VTSI和VTSM VOBS,并如图2C 所示关闭Rzone 2。 After addition, upon completion of recording the real data under one title with a user command, will VTSIBUP recorded to the recording of the real data as shown in FIG. 2B, at the start and in the Rzone 2 again define VTSI and VTSM VOBS and FIG. 2C close Rzone 2. 这样,就用INC方法把一个VTS记录在光盘上。 Thus, to a method of using INC VTS recorded on the optical disc. 在INC方法中,为了继续记录下一个标题,在剩余的未记录的区中预约Rzone 3,并为VTSI和VTSM VOBS预约若干区,以便定义如图2D所示的"不可见的Rzone"。 In the INC method, in order to continue recording the next title in the reserved area of ​​the remaining unrecorded Rzone 3, and the reservation of VTSI and VTSM VOBS several areas, so the definition of "invisible, Rzone" as shown in FIG. 2D. 此外,在通过记录实数据来定义VTSTT VOBS之后, 如图2E所示,定义VTSI BUP,并且如图2F所示,在先前预约的区中预约VTSI和VTSM VOBS。 Further, after defining VTSTT VOBS by recording real data, 2E, define VTSI of BUP, and 2F, the reservation VTSI and VTSM VOBS in the previously reserved region. 这样,如图2G所示,记录下一个VTS。 Thus, it is shown in Figure 2G, a record VTS. 在INC方法中,在下次记录一个标题时,像顺序记录VTS那样定义未记录的区。 In the INC method, when recording a next title, as defined above VTS sequentially recorded in an unrecorded area. 在另一方面,在其中顺序记录有VTS以便定义实时数据记录区的光盘中,有几个用INC方法并通过最终处理(finalization)来为UDF和VMG定义的区,以定义如图2H所示的导入区段和导出区段。 On the other hand, the order in which the optical disc is recorded VTS to define the real-time data recording area, there are several methods by using INC final treatment (finalization) defined as the UDF and the VMG area, shown in Figure 2H to define import and export sector segments. 这样,此光盘就可以与只读光盘互换。 In this way, the disc can be interchanged with the CD-ROM. 应当说明的是,在定义UDF和VMG区时,根据在标题VTSI 和VTSM VOBS的区中的数据来产生UDF和VMG数据,并将这些数据记录到将要因此而关闭的Rzone 1中。 It should be noted that, when defining the UDF and VMG areas, UDF and VMG data to generate the data in the header of VTSI and VTSM VOBS area, and the data to be recorded is therefore closed in Rzone 1. 图3A到图3G示出的图用于说明基于ROM的记录过程。 3A to 3G show a diagram for explaining a recording process based on the ROM. 在ROM方法中,如图3A所示,通过填充(padding)预先预约了导入区段、UDF和VMG区以及用于记录前导标题VTSI和VTSM VOBS的一些区。 In the ROM method, as shown in FIG. 3A, the padding (padding) the introduction zone reserved in advance, and the UDF area and VMG area for recording the number of titles VTSI and VTSM VOBS preamble of. 应当说明的是,"填充"是指通过记录诸如空(null)(零)等的哑lt据来预约一个区的处理。 It should be noted that the "padding" refers to a region of the reservation processing by recording, such as empty (null) (null), etc. lt dummy data. 如图3B所示,在ROW方法中,在预约这些区时,顺序地记录视频数据, 以定义由实数据组成的VTSTT VOBS。 3B, in the ROW method, when these reservation area sequentially recording video data, VTSTT VOBS of real data to define thereof. 如图3B所示, 一旦在一个标题下完成了实数据的记录以后,定义VTSI BUP区并进行填充,以便为随后的标题VTSI和VTSM VOBS预约记录区。 3B, once the complete recording of the real data under one title, VTSI of BUP area is defined and filled to the recording region reserved for subsequent titles VTSI and VTSM VOBS. 然后,如图3C所示,再从起始处开始, 重复预约用于记录实凝:据的VTSI和VTSM VOBS区。 Then, as shown in FIG. 3C, starts at the beginning again, repeated reservation for recording real coagulation: data VTSI and VTSM VOBS areas. 这样,就用ROW方法在光盘上记录了一个VTS。 Thus, by the ROW method recording a VTS on the optical disc. 在ROW方法中,为了连续地记录下一个标题,在由前面的VTS组成的填充的区后面记录实数据,以便定义VTSTTVOBS和VTSI BUP区,然后, 如可由图3D知道的那样,进行填充以便预约随后的标题VTSI和VTSMVOBS。 In the ROW method, for the next title is continuously recorded, is recorded in the back region by the foregoing VTS composition filled real data, to define VTSTTVOBS and VTSI BUP areas, and then, as by FIG. 3D is known, is filled to the reservation subsequent title VTSI and VTSMVOBS. 接着,如图犯所示,为标题VTSI和VTSM VOBS定义区,从而将后续的VTS i己录到:^图3F所示的光盘上。 Next, as shown in FIG committed, titles VTSI and VTSM VOBS to define the area, so that the subsequent VTS i recorded to have: ^ 3F on the optical disk shown in FIG. 在ROW方法中,为了连续i也记录标题,进行类似的填充以便顺序地记录VTS。 In the ROW method, for continuously recording the title i also, similar to filling sequentially recorded VTS. 在另一方面,在连续地记录了这样的VTS以便定义实时数据记录区的光盘中,ROW方法通过最终处理来定义UDF区和VMG区,然后定义如图3G 所示的导入区段和导出区段,从而与只读光盘建立互换性。 On the other hand, in such continuously recorded VTS to define an optical disc in the real-time data recording area, the ROW method defines UDF area and VMG area by the final treatment, and is defined as shown in FIG. 3G introduction section and lead-out area section, so as to establish compatibility with CD-ROM. 要说明的是,可以想象得到,在便携式视频摄录机中,可代替磁带来播放这样的光盘。 It is noted that, conceivably, in a portable video camera, the cassette can be played instead of such an optical disc. 在此情况下,由于某些常规的视频摄录机既能记录运动图像和也能记录静止图像,因此,这种与便携式视频摄录机一起使用的光盘也有望除运动图像外也能够记录静止图像。 In this case, since some conventional video camcorders record both moving images and still images can be recorded, and therefore, this optical disc for use with the portable video camera is expected in addition to the moving image recording can be stationary image. 要指出的是,在上述的格式中,没有考虑到这样的文件记录,因此,必须将静止的或类似的图像保存在存储器中,并将它们记录到另一个记录介质上。 It is noted that, in the above format, no consideration of such a file record, and therefore, a still image or the like must be stored in the memory and record them to another recording medium. 还要指出的是,希望在这样记录下来的各种文件中,可由标准的、仅支持DVD视频格式的DVD播放器来确认静止图像文件的内容。 It is also noted that, in the hope that such a variety of file recorded in, by standard DVD player only supports DVD video format to confirm the contents of the still image file. 发明内容本发明的目的在于通过提供一种记录设备、 一种记录方法、 一种记录程序和一种其中记录有该记录程序的记录介质来克服上述背景技术的缺点。 SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION By the present invention is to provide a recording apparatus, a recording method, a recording program and a recording medium wherein the recording of the program is recorded to overcome the drawbacks of the background art described above. 本发明的另一个目的是提供一种记录设备、 一种记录方法、 一种记录程序和一种其中记录有该记录程序的记录介质,从而在运动图像外也能够记录静止图像的文件。 Another object of the present invention is to provide a recording apparatus, a recording method, a recording program and a recording medium wherein the recording of the program is recorded, so that the moving image can be recorded outside the still image file. 本发明的另一个目的是提供一种记录设备、 一种记录方法、 一种记录程序和一种其中记录有该记录程序的记录介质,从而能够用标准的记录设备来检查记录的文件的内容。 Another object of the present invention is to provide a recording apparatus, a recording method, a recording program and a recording medium wherein the recording of the program is recorded, it is possible to check the contents of the file recorded using standard recording apparatus. 通过提供一种记录设备能够达到上述的目的,该设备包括:管理信息产生装置,用于为要记录的文件产生管理信息;记录装置,用于将文件与该文件的管理信息一起记录到记录介质上的节目区中;控制装置,用于至少控制管理信息产生装置和记录装置;该控制装置根据文件的属性来转换记录到节目区中的文件和该文件的文件管理信息的格式。 By providing a recording apparatus capable of achieving the above objects, the apparatus comprising: management information generation means for generating management information for the file to be recorded; recording means for recording the file management information together with the file to the recording medium, the program area; and a control means for controlling at least the management information generating means and recording means; means for converting the control program into the recording area of ​​the file and the file format of file management information according to the attribute file. 在上述的记录设备中,该控制装置根据文件的属性来转换将文件和该文件的管理信息记录到节目区中的格式,以便接照例如DVD视频樁式记录逸动图像文件,并且除运动图像外,可再现地记录静止图像的文件,而且不对以DVD视频格式的再现产生任何影响。 In the recording apparatus, the control means according to the attribute file to convert the recorded file and the management information for the file to the program area of ​​the form, so as to engage as e.g. DVD video pile recording Yi moving image file, and in addition to the moving image in addition, the log file can be reproduced still image, but does not have any impact to reproduce the DVD video format. 这样,除运动图像外,还可以记录任何静止图像的文件。 Thus, in addition to the moving image, any file can also record a still image. 根据本发明的记录设备,还包括:格式转换装置,用于转换文件的格式; 再现装置,用于读取记录在记录介质上的文件;控制装置,由用户指示,用于控制再现装置以读取记录在记录介质上的特定格式的文件,并控制格式转换装置转换文件格式,以便将文件和管理信息一起记录到记录介质上。 The recording apparatus according to the present invention, further comprising: format conversion means for converting the format of the file; reproducing means for reading the file recorded on the recording medium; a controller, indicated by the user for controlling the reproducing means to read specific file formats take recorded on the recording medium, and controls the format converting means to convert the file format for the file and the management information recorded together on a recording medium. 在此记录设备中,由用户指示控制装置提供这样的系统控制,以便由格式转换装置来转换将文件记录在记录介质上的特定格式,并将文件和管理信息一起记录到记录介质上,从而能够对不受DVD视频格式支持的静止图像文件进行例如格式转换,以形成一部分运动图像。 In this recording apparatus, an indication provided by the user control means to control such a system, in order to be converted by the format converting means format specific files recorded on the recording medium, and records the file management information together onto the recording medium, thereby DVD video format is not supported on the still image file format conversion, for example, to form part of a moving image. 这样,就能用原本仅用于再现运动图像文件的标准记录设备来检验文件的内容。 Thus, a standard can be used for only reproducing the original moving image file recording apparatus to verify the contents of the file. 通过提供一种记录方法可以达到上述的目的,此方法用于将要记录的文件和该文件的管理信息一起记录到记录介质上的节目区中,其中,根据文件的属性来转换要记录到节目区中的文件和管理信息的格式。 By providing a recording method can achieve the above object, the method for managing information file and the file to be recorded to the program area is recorded on the recording medium together, wherein the conversion in accordance with attribute of the file to be recorded to the program area the format of the file and management information. 根据本发明的记录方法还包括如下步骤:转换文件格式;再现记录在记录介质上的文件;在再现步骤中再现记录在记录介质中的特定格式的文件; 在格式转换步骤中转换在再现步骤中再现的文件的格式;将文件和管理信息一起记录到记录介质上。 The recording method of the present invention further comprises the step of: converting file formats; reproducing information recorded on a recording medium file; specific file formats in the recording medium is reproduced in the reproducing step; conversion reproducing step in the format conversion step, the format of the reproduction; the file and the management information recorded together on a recording medium. 通过提供一种记录程序可以达到上述的目的,该记录程序将要记录的文件和该文件的管理信息一起记录到记录介质上的节目区中,其中,根据文件属性转换将文件和管理信息记录到节目区中的格式。 By providing a recording program may achieve the above object, the recording with the management information of the recording program to be recorded file and the file to the program area on the recording medium, wherein, according to the document properties into the record file and management information to the program zone format. 根据本发明的程序还包括如下步骤:转换文件格式;再现记录在记录介质上的文件;在再现步骤中再现记录在记录介质中的特定格式的文件;在格式转换步骤中转换在再现步骤中再现的文件的格式;将文件和管理信息一起"i己录到记录介质上。通过提供一种程序记录介质可以达到上述的目的,在该程序记录介质上记录了一种记录程序,用于将要记录的文件与该文件的管理信息一起记录到数据记录介质上的节目区中,其中,此程序根据文件的属性转换要记录到节目区中的文件和管理信息的格式。根据本发明,记录在程序记录介质中的程序还包括如下歩骤:转换大伴才各式;再现记录在lt据记录介质上的文件;在再现步骤中再现记录在凄t据记录介质中的特定格式的文件;在格式转换步骤中转换在再现步骤中再现的文件的格式;将文件和管理信息一起记 The program according to the present invention further comprises the step of: converting file formats; reproducing information recorded on a recording medium file; specific file formats in the recording medium is reproduced in the reproducing step; conversion reproduced in the reproducing step in the format conversion step, file format; file and the management information with the "i-hexyl recorded on a recording medium to provide a program recording medium may achieve the above object, a recorded program recorded on the program recording medium to be used for recording. file records management information for the file along with the program area on a data recording medium, wherein the program according to the attribute conversion file to be recorded in the format file and the management information in the program area. according to the present invention, a program recorded in the recording medium program further comprises ho steps of: converting big with only kinds; reproducing information recorded on lt data recording medium file; in the reproducing step, the reproduction is recorded in a file sad t data recording medium in a specific format; format conversion step converted format file reproduced in the reproducing step; will be recorded together with management information file and 到数据记录介质上。才艮据本发明,通过提供一种光盘记录方法、 一种记录程序和其上记录了此记录程序的记录介质,除运动图像外,还可以记录静止图像的文件,并用标准记录设备来检验记录在光盘上的文件的内容。通过结合附图对本发明优选的实施例的如下详细描述,本发明的上述的和其它的目的、特征与优点将会变得更加清楚。附困说明图1A到图1C说明了DVD视频格式。 图2A到图2H说明了基于INC的记录。 图3A到图3G说明了基于ROW的记录。 图4是4艮据本发明的第一实施例的光盘驱动器的方块图。 图5示出了在图4所示的光盘驱动器中,在微型计算机控制下进行的记录和再现过程的操作流程。图6A到图6K根据本发明说明了在光盘驱动器的第一实施例中的记录。 图7A到图7D说明了中间管理信息。 图8说明了光盘上的目录结构。图9A到图9H说明了在图4所示的 Onto the data recording medium. According to the present invention was Gen, by providing an optical recording method, a recording program and a recording medium on which this program is recorded, in addition to the moving image, a still image file may also be recorded and with standard recording device to the content file recorded on the optical disc inspection. described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings of the preferred embodiments of the present invention in detail, the above and other objects, features and advantages of the invention will become clear from the attached trapped FIG. 1A to 1C illustrate the DVD video format. 2A-2H illustrate the INC-based recording. FIGS. 3A to 3G illustrate the ROW-based recording. FIG. 4 is a first embodiment according Gen 4 of the present invention a block diagram of an optical disk drive. FIG. 5 shows the optical disk drive shown in figure 4, the operation flow for recording and reproduction process performed in the microcomputer controls. 6A-6K according to the present invention will be described in the optical disk drive recording a first embodiment of the embodiment. FIGS. 7A-7D illustrate the intermediate management information. FIG. 8 illustrates the directory structure on the optical disc. FIG. 9A to 9H illustrate shown in FIG. 4 盘驱动器中的基于ROW的记录。 图IO示出了在图5所示的光盘驱动器中,在记录过程中所进行的4喿作流程。图11示出了在图5所示的光盘驱动器中,在再现过程中所进行的操作流程。图12根据本发明说明了在光盘驱动器的第二实施例中的记录。 图13是根据本发明的第二实施例的光盘驱动器的方块图。 图14示出了图13所示的光盘驱动器中,在微型计算机控制下的记录过程和再现过程的操作流程。图15说明了光盘上的目录结构。图16根据本发明说明了在光盘驱动器的第三实施例中的记录。务体实施方式以下,参照附图来详细说明本发明的实施例。 (1)第一实施例参照附图来说明本发明的第一实施例。根据本发明的光盘驱动器是一种便携式的视频记录器,旨在于将拾取到的图像记录到DVD光盘上。 Based ROW recording disk drive. FIG IO shows the optical disc drive shown in FIG. 5, 4 Qiao workflow during recording performed. FIG. 11 illustrates an optical disc drive shown in FIG. 5 in , the operation flow during reproduction performed. FIG. 12 according to the present invention will be described recording in the second embodiment, the optical disc drive in. FIG. 13 is a block diagram of an optical disc drive according to a second embodiment of the present invention. FIG. 14 shows an optical disc drive shown in FIG. 13, the operation flow of the recording process under control of the microcomputer and the reproduction process. FIG. 15 illustrates the directory structure on the optical disc. FIG. 16 illustrates a third optical disc drive according to the present invention recording in the embodiment. the following tasks according to the embodiment, embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail will be described a first embodiment of the present invention (1) first embodiment Referring to the drawings with reference to the accompanying drawings. the optical disc drive according to the present invention is a portable video recorder designed to be picked-up image is recorded onto a DVD disc. 使用本发明的光盘驱动器1具有图4所示的结构。 The present invention is an optical disc drive having the configuration shown in FIG. 此光盘驱动器包括:视频输入块3,它对由图像拾取装置(未示出)采集到的视频信号或者是由外部设备提供的视频信号进行模-数转换,以便提供视频数据。 This optical disc drive comprising: a video input block 3, it has an image pickup device (not shown) to capture the video signal or a video signal supplied from an external analog devices - digital conversion, in order to provide video data. 应当说明的是,包含在光盘驱动器1中的多个拾取装置是由也包含在光盘驱动器1中的微型计算机4来控制的,以便提供由运动图像或静止图像组成的成像结果。 It should be noted that, in the plurality comprising a pickup in an optical disk drive apparatus by a microcomputer is also included in the optical disc drive 1 is controlled to 4, in order to provide results of imaging of a still image or a moving image thereof. 这样,视频输入块3响应于微型计算机4对拾取装置的控制来进行操作,有选择地接收由运动图像组成的视频数据或静止图像数据。 Thus, the video input block 3 in response to the control microcomputer 4 of the pickup means to operate selectively receives video data or still image data by the moving image thereof. 光盘驱动器1还包括音频输入块5,它对由扩音器拾取的音频信号或者是从外部提供的音频信号进行模-数转换,以便向音频处理器11提供音频数据。 Optical disc drive 1 further includes an audio input block 5, it picked up by a microphone or an audio signal is an audio signal supplied from an external analog - digital conversion, in order to provide the audio data to the audio processor 11. 光盘驱动器1也包括压缩/扩展块6,在微型计算机4的控制下改变其操作模式,以便处理用于记录或再现的数据。 Optical disc drive 1 also comprises a compression / expansion block 6, to alter its operation mode under the control of the microcomputer 4 to process data for recording or reproduction. 更具体地说,为了记录由视频输入块3和音频输入块5分别提供的^L频和音频数据,压缩/扩展块6将使用随机存取存储器(RAM) 9来多路复用压缩了的视频和音频数据,并将这些数据提供给头标信息处理器7。 More specifically, in order to record each provided by the video input block 3 and audio input block 5 ^ L video and audio data compression / expansion block 6 will use a random access memory (RAM) 9 to multiplex the compressed video and audio data, and supplies the data to the header information processor 7. 与此相反,为了再现来自光盘2的视频和音频数据,压缩/扩展块6也将使用RAM 9将由头标信息处理器7提供的数据分解为视频和音频数据,然后分别扩展视频和音频数据,并输出扩展了的数据。 In contrast to this, in order to reproduce the video and audio data from the optical disc 2, the compression / expansion block 6 will also use the data RAM 9 by the header information processor 7 provides for the decomposition of video and audio data, then expand the video and audio data, respectively, and outputs the expanded data. 更具体地说,为了记录数据,用微型计算机4来控制含于压缩/扩展块6中的视频处理器8,以便压缩由视频输入块3提供的视频数据,并输出压缩了的数据。 More particularly, for data recording, the microcomputer 4 controls contained in the compression / expansion block 6 in the video processor 8, so that the compressed video data 3 provided by the video input block, and outputs the compressed data. 此时,如果视频数据是运动图像数据,则压缩/扩展块6将采用MPEG-2格式来压缩视频数据,如果此视频数据是由静止图像组成的,压缩/扩展块6将以JPEG(联合图像专家组)格式来压缩数据,并输出压缩了的数据。 At this time, if the video data is moving image data, the compression / expansion block 6 will use the MPEG-2 format to compress video data, if the video data is composed of still images, the compression / expansion block 6 will JPEG (Joint Photographic Expert Group) format to compress the data, and outputs the compressed data. 为了再现数据,视频处理器8将根据其中数据已经压缩的MPEG-2或JPEG 格式来扩展输出自多路复用器10的视频数据,并输出扩展了的数据。 To reproduce data, wherein the video processor 8 to the data that has been compressed according to MPEG-2 or JPEG format extended video data output from the multiplexer 10, and outputs the expanded data. 为了记录数据,舍于压缩/扩展块6中的音频处理器11将接照MPEG 格式、杜比(Dolby)音频格式或线性PCM格式来压缩来自音频输入块5的音频数据输入,并输出压缩了的数据。 To record data, rounded to the compression / expansion block 6 connected to the audio processor 11 according to the MPEG format, Dolby (Dolby) audio format or a linear PCM format to compressed audio data input from the audio input block 5, and outputs the compressed The data. 与此相反,为了再现数据,音频处理器11将扩展由多路复用器IO提供的音频数据,并输出扩展了的数椐。 On the contrary, for data reproduction, the audio processor 11 will expand audio data supplied from the IO multiplexer, and the output extension of the number noted. 为了记录数据,多路复用器IO对输出自视频处理器8的视频数据和输出自音频处理器11的音频数据进行时分多路复用,并向头标信息处理器7输出多路复用数据。 For data recording, the multiplexer time-division multiplexed IO output from the audio processor 11, audio data and video data output from the video processor 8, the header information processor 7 and an output multiplexer data. 与此相反,为了再现数据,多路复用器IO将输出自头标信息处理器7的多路复用数据分解为视频和音频数据,并将这些数据分别提供给视频处理器8和音频处理器11。 On the contrary, for data reproduction, the multiplexer IO outputted from the header information processor 7, the multiplexed data is decomposed into video and audio data, and the data are supplied to the video processor 8 and audio processing 11. 光盘驱动器1还包括由显示器件和音频处理器件构成的监视器块12,其中包括显示器件以监视由视频输入块3提供的视频数据和由音频输入块5提供的音频数据,或者由压缩/扩展块6提供的视频数据和音频数据。 Optical disc drive 1 further includes a monitor block constituted by a display device and an audio processor 12, which includes a display device to monitor the video data 3 provided by the video input block and the audio data supplied from the audio input block 5 or by the compression / expansion 6 provides a block of video data and audio data. 这样, 根据本发明的光盘驱动器1就能够监视采集到的图像和声音以及数据再现的结果。 Thus, the optical disc drive 1 of the present invention enables monitoring of the acquired images and sounds and results of data reproduction. 光盘驱动器1包括视频/音频编码器13,它分别压缩由视频和音频输入块3和5提供的视频数据和音频数据,或者由压缩/扩展块6按预定格式分别提供的视频数据和音频数据,并将这些数据输出到外部设备中。 Optical disc drive 1 includes a video / audio encoder 13, which respectively compress the video data and audio data supplied from the video and audio input blocks 3 and 5, or by the compressing / expanding video data and audio data chunks 6 in a predetermined format are provided, and outputs the data to an external device. 这样,根据本发明的光盘驱动器1就能够监视采集到的在外部设备上的图像和声音以及数据再现的结果。 Thus, the optical disc drive 1 of the present invention enables monitoring of the acquired images and sound as well as data on the external device reproducible results. 为了记录数据,将由压缩/扩展块6提供的时分多路复用数据提供给头标信息处理器7,并在微型计算机4的控制下,向时分多路复用数据中加入DVD独有的头标信息,然后输出这些数据,下面将要详细说明扩展文件上的头标信息或类似信息。 In order to record data, by the compression / expansion block 6 provides a time division multiplexed data to the header information processor 7, and under the control of the microcomputer 4, the header added to the DVD unique time division multiplexed data landmark information, and then outputs these data, the header information on an extension file or the like to be described in detail below. 仍根据从微型计算机4提供的信息,头标信息处理器7将产生诸如UDF、 VMG、 VTSI之类的数据,并将这些数据输出给DVD信号处理器14。 Still according to the information provided from the microcomputer 4, the header information processor 7 will produce such as UDF, VMG, VTSI data and the like, and outputs the data to the DVD signal processor 14. 另外,为了再现数据,头标信息处理器7也从DVD信号处理器14的输出数据中分离出在记录时上加入的头标信息,并将其输出到压缩/ 扩展块6中,并将此分离出的头标信息告知微型计算机4。 Further, in order to reproduce data, the header information processor 7 is also separate from the DVD signal processor 14 outputs the data in the header information added at the time of recording, and outputs it to the compression / expansion block 6, and this the separated header information to inform the microcomputer 4. 在此,应当说明的是,"扩展文件,,并不是以光盘2的标准化的DVD视频格式来定义的文件, 并且,在此实施例中,静止图像格式被当作扩展文件来应用。为了记录数据,DVD信号处理器14用随机存取存储器15来根据从头标信息处理器7输出的数据产生误差校正码,并将这个误差校正码加到输出数据中。另外,DVD信号处理器14也进行扰频(scrambling)、 8/16调制和类似的处理,并将由处理结果构成的数据串作为串行数据串输出到模拟前端块16中。与此相反,为了再现数据,DVD信号处理器14对来自模拟前端块16的输出数据进行误差校正、消除扰频(descrambling)和解码,即,按与数据记录过程的顺序相反的顺序处理输出数据,并向头标信息处理器7输出这样处理的结果。DVD信号处理器14还对从微型计算机4提供的驱动信息进行数-模转换,这些驱动信息诸如主轴(spindle)控制 Here, it should be noted that "file extension file ,, not standardized DVD video format of the optical disc 2 defined, and, for example, the still image file format is extended as in this embodiment be applied in order to record data, DVD signal processor 14 with random access memory 15 generates an error correction code according to the data 7 output from the header information processor, and the output data is added to the error correction code addition, DVD signal processor 14 also scrambling (scrambling), 8/16 modulation processing and the like, and a data string processing result outputted as serial data string to the analog front end block 16. On the contrary, for data reproduction, DVD signal processor 14 pairs results output data from the analog front end block 16 performs error correction, eliminating scrambling (descrambling) and decoding, i.e., the data recording process sequentially outputs the processed data in the reverse order, and 7 outputs header information processor thus treated .DVD driving signal processor 14 also provides information from the microcomputer 4 is the number of - analog conversion, the drive information such as spindle (spindle) control 跟踪控制、聚焦控制以及线程(thread)控制数据,以便提供这样的驱动信号,并向电机放大器18输出该驱动信号。模拟前端块16对从将光头19发射到光盘2上的激光束产生光量控制信号,并输出这个控制信号。为了再现数据,模拟前端块16将根据光量控制信号4吏从光头19投射到光盘2上的激光束的量保持在一恒定的值上,用于数据读取。与此相反,为了记录数据,模拟前端块16将根据DVD信号处理器14 的输出数据来改变光量控制信号的等级,从而,4艮据DVD信号处理器14的输出数据断续地将激光束的量从用于数据再现的值提高到用于数据记录的值。模拟前端块16也放大和处理由光头19提供的返回光的检测结果,以便产生再现信号,其等级随着在光盘2上形成的一连串的坑(pit)而发生改变, 该^t拟前端块16也处理关于二进制差分的再现信号,以产生将要提供给DVD Tracking control, focusing control and thread (thread) control data to provide such a drive signal, and 18 outputs the driving signal of the motor amplifier. The analog front end block 16 on the transmission from the optical head 19 to the laser on the optical disc 2 beam generating light quantity control signal, and outputs the control signal in order to reproduce the data, the analog front end block 16 of the control signal 4 is projected from the optical head 19 to the official amount of the laser beam on the optical disc 2 held on a constant value for data reading according to the amount of light. On the contrary, for data recording, the analog front end block 16 will vary the signal level of the light amount control based on the output data of the DVD signal processor 14, thereby outputting data according Gen 4 DVD signal processor 14 of the laser beam intermittently by increasing the value for the amount of data reproduction to a value for data recording analog front end block 16 is also amplified and processed detection result of the returning light from the optical head 19 is provided to generate a reproduction signal whose level is formed on the optical disc 2 with a series of pits (pIT) and changed, the proposed front-end block 16 ^ t be processed on the binary difference of the reproduced signal to be provided to produce DVD 号处理器14的再现数据。根据上面的返回光检测结果的处理,模拟前端块16将产生跟踪误差信号和聚焦误差信号,其等级分别随着跟踪误差和聚焦误差的大小而改变,并将这些信号以数字信号的形式输出到微型计算机4中。从DVD信号处理器14向电机放大器18提供驱动信号,并驱动与驱动信号相应的器件。更具体地说,在这些驱动信号中,电机放大器18利用那些用于主轴控制和线程控制的信号来转动主轴电机20和线程电才几21。电机放大器18也利用那些分别用于跟踪控制和聚焦控制的驱动信号来驱动安装在光头19中的激励器。主轴电机20夹住光盘2并按预定的速度驱动以转动光盘2。 No. reproduction data processor 14. The tracking error signal and a focus error signal based on the return light detection result processing, analog front end block 16 above, which are level with the size of the focusing error and tracking error is changed, and these signal is output in the form of a digital signal to the microcomputer 4. the driving signal from the DVD signal processor 14 to the motor amplifier 18, and a drive device driving a corresponding signal. more specifically, in these drive signals, the motor amplifier 18 use of those signals for spindle control and thread control to rotation of the shaft 20 and the thread motor 21. the electric motor only a few amplifier 18 that also use the drive signals for tracking control and focus control to drive the optical head 19 is mounted in the actuator the spindle motor 2 and press the optical disk 20 sandwiched between a predetermined speed to rotate the optical disc drive 2. 线程电机21 使光头19能够在光盘2的径向上移动。 Thread motor 21 causes the optical head 19 is movable in the radial direction of the optical disc 2. 从模拟前端块16提供光量控制信号,光头19将从包含于其中的半导体激光器发射激光束,并通过物镜将激光束聚焦在光盘2的信息记录区中。 From the analog front end block 16 to provide a light amount control signal from the optical head 19 comprises a semiconductor laser which emits a laser beam, and a laser beam through the objective lens focused on the information recording area of ​​the optical disc 2. 通过物镜将返回光,即投射到光盘2上的激光束的反射部分,引导到光头19的预定的光检测器元件上,并将光检测的结果提供给模拟前端块16。 Returning light through the objective lens, i.e., the projecting portion of the laser beam reflected on the optical disc 2, the optical head directed to a predetermined photodetector element 19, and light detection result to the analog front end block 16. 可以利用由跟踪和聚焦控制驱动信号驱动的激励器来移动光头19的物镜,以便控制其跟踪和聚焦。 Drive signal may be utilized by the tracking control and the focus actuator to move the objective lens of the optical head 19 to control the tracking and focusing. 另外,根据光量控制信号断续地提高激光束的量,从而局部地提高光盘2的信息记录区的温度,以便在那里记录所需要的数据。 Further, the control signal amount of the light amount of the laser beam is intermittently increased, thereby locally increasing the temperature of the information recording area of ​​the optical disc 2, so that the required data is recorded there. 微型计算机4提供为光盘驱动器1的系统控制器。 The microcomputer 4 to provide an optical disk drive system controller 1. 通过执行预先安装在光盘驱动器1中的处理程序,并通过提供由用户在控制面板(未示出)上进行操作的信号或提供由模拟前端块16检测的各种信号,微型计算机4控制每个部件块的操作。 By performing pre-installed in the optical disc drive 1 handler, and providing a signal by operating on a control panel (not shown) by the user or provides various signal 16 detected by the analog front end block, the microcomputer 4 controls each block the operation member. 更具体地说,给微型计算机4提供由模拟前端块16检测的跟踪误差信号和聚焦误差信号,以产生跟踪和聚焦控制驱动信息,并由DVD信号处理器14将这些信号转换成模拟信号,再将这些模拟信号提供给电机放大器18,电机放大器18依次控制光头19的跟踪和聚焦。 More specifically, the microcomputer to provide a tracking error signal and focus error signal 16 detected by the analog front end block 4, to generate tracking and focus control drive information, by the DVD signal processor 14 converts these signals into analog signals, and then these analog signals to the motor amplifier 18, the motor amplifier 18 in turn controls the optical head 19 in focusing and tracking. 通过提供由头标信息处理器7检测的头标信息,微型计算机4将检测所投射的激光束的位置,根据检测结果产生线程控制驱动信息,并将此信息提供给DVD信息处理器14, 从而进行搜索和类似的操作。 By providing the head standard position information detected header information processor 7, the microcomputer 4 will detect a laser beam is projected, based on detection results generated drive thread control information, and provides this information to the DVD information processor 14, thereby performing Search and similar operations. 类似地,微型计算机4也将进行主轴控制。 Similarly, the microcomputer 4 also controls the spindle. 上面已描述了微型计算机4对光盘2的基本操作。 The basic operation has been described above microcomputer 4 of the optical disc 2. 在此,将参照图5中的流程图来说明在开动了光盘驱动器1之后,微型计算机4所执行的读数据和写数据的才喿作。 Here, in the flowchart of FIG 5 will be described after the start of the optical disk drive 1, for Qiao only read data and write data performed by the microcomputer 4 will be described. 在步骤SP1中,开动光盘驱动器1。 In step SP1, the optical disk drive 1 start. 然后,微型计算机4 从步骤SP1进行到SP2,在此,它将根据来自检测器件(未示出)的光盘2的检测结果来判断是否将光盘2适当地设置在光盘驱动器1中。 Then, the microcomputer proceeds from step SP1 to 4 with SP2, in this case, it is determined based on detection results from the detection device of the optical disc (not shown) whether the optical disk 2 2 appropriately disposed in the optical disc drive 1. 如果在步骤SP2 中的判断结果是否定的(即未将光盘2适当地设置),微型计算机4将重复在步骤SP2中的操作。 If the judgment result in step SP2 is negative (i.e., the optical disc 2 is not appropriately set), the microcomputer 4 will operate in step SP2 is repeated. 与此相反,如果开动已经装载了光盘2的光盘驱动器1, 或者在开动光盘驱动器1之后装进了光盘2,即,如果上述的判断结果是肯定的(即光盘2适当地设置),则微型计算机4将从步骤SP2进行到SP3。 On the contrary, if the start has been loaded optical disc drives the optical disc 2 is 1 or after actuating the optical disc drive 1 loaded into an optical disc 2, i.e., if the above determination is affirmative (i.e., the optical disc 2 is suitably provided), the microcomputer 4 from the computer to perform the steps SP2 SP3. 应当说明的是,在微型计算机4重复在步骤SP2中的操作时,如果关断光盘驱动器l,微型计算机4将直接进行步骤SP4,并在此退出该再现或记录过程(切断(poweroff))。 It should be noted that, when the microcomputer 4 repeats the step SP2, the operation, if the off disc drive L, the microcomputer 4 will directly step SP4, the and this exit this reproducing or recording procedure (cut (poweroff)). 在步骤SP3中,微型计算机4驱动线程电机21,以便将光头19移动到光盘2的最内的圆周上,并从DVD信号处理器14向微型计算机4提供读取光盘最内圓周区的结果。 In step SP3, the microcomputer 4 drives the thread motor 21 to move the optical head 19 to the innermost circumference of the optical disc 2, and provides a result of reading the innermost circumference area of ​​the disc from the DVD signal processor 14 to the microcomputer 4. 如果光盘2是最终处理的一个光盘,则微型计算机4将从DVD信号处理器14获取在VMG区中的数据。 If the disc 2 is a disc of the final processing, the microcomputer 4 from the DVD signal processor 14 acquires the data in the VMG area. 与此相反,如果光盘2 并非最终处理的一个光盘,则微型计算机4将从DVD信号处理器14获取在RMA区中的信息。 In contrast, if one optical disc 2 is not the final process, the microcomputer 4 from the DVD signal processor 14 acquires RMA information region. 如果微型计算机4根据在RMA区中的信息确定数据已经记录在光盘2的实时数据记录区中,它就查找光盘2以便得到在每个VTS中的VTSI和VTSTTVOBS数据。 If the microcomputer 4 determines that the data has been recorded in the real time data recording area of ​​the optical disc 2, the optical disc 2 in order to get it to find and VTSTTVOBS VTSI of each VTS data in accordance with the information in the RMA area. 这样,如同在光盘驱动器中记录和再现普通DVD,微型计算机4将获取将数据写到光盘2上和从光盘2上读取数据所需要的管理信息。 Thus, as the recording and reproducing ordinary DVD in the optical disk drive, the microcomputer 4 acquires the data written on the optical disc 2 and the management information data read from the optical disc 2 required. 在此过程中,微型计算机4获取在VMG区和在UDF区中的数据。 In this process, the microcomputer 4 acquires the data in the UDF area and the VMG area. 在读取实时数据记录区时,如果能够发现任何记录在实时数据记录区中的中间管理信息,则微型计算机4也获取中间管理信息。 When reading the real-time data recording area, if the intermediate management information can be found in any record real time data recording area, the microcomputer 4 also acquire intermediate management information. 这样,微型计算机4也获取不是以DVD视频格式定义的扩展文件的管理信息,以便能够从光盘2上读取扩展文件。 Thus, the microcomputer 4 also get extended file management information is not defined in the DVD video format, to be able to read the file extension from the disc 2. 微型计算机4将在内置的存储器中记录和保存这样获取到的一系列的管理信息。 The microcomputer 4 will record and save a series of management information thus acquired in the internal memory. 然后,微型计算机4进入步骤SP5,在此,它将判断是否被指令弹出光盘2。 Then, the microcomputer 4 proceeds step SP5, the here, it is determined whether the optical disc 2 is instructed to eject. 如果判断的结果是肯定的,则微型计算机4将指令装载器件(未示出) 弹出光盘2,然后回到步骤SP2。 If the result of the determination is affirmative, the microcomputer 4 will load the instructions device (not shown) eject the optical disk 2, and then returns to step SP2. 与此相反,如果用户给出弹出光盘2之外的指令,则微型计算机4就从步骤SP5进行到SP6,在此,它将判断用户的指令是记录(REC)、再现(PB) 还是切断。 On the contrary, if the user gives an instruction to eject the optical disc 2 outside, the microcomputer 4 proceeds from step SP5 to SP6, in this case, it will judge whether the user command is a recording (the REC), reproduction (PB) or off. 如果用户的指令是"PB(再现)",则微型计算机4就从步骤SP6进行到SP7,在此,它将再现来自光盘2的文件,然后回到步骤SP5。 If the user's instruction is "PB (reproduction)", the microcomputer 4 proceeds from step SP6 to SP7, here, reproduces data from the optical disc 2 is file, and then returns to step SP5. 如果用户的指令是"REC (记录)",;徵型计算机4就从步骤SP6进行到SP8,在此,它将把运动的或静止的图像记录到光盘2上,然后回到步骤SP5。 If the user's instruction is "the REC (recording)" ,; sign computer 4 proceeds from step SP6 to SP8, in this case, it will still or moving images recorded on the optical disc 2, and then returns to step SP5. 重要的是要说明如下一点,在光盘2具有通过所谓的最终处理来在其中定义的UDF和VMG区时,孩先型计算机4将跳过记录过程而到步骤SP5,这是因为已经对光盘2进行了处理,使其无法记录数据。 It is important to illustrate the following point, in the optical disc 2 having a so-called final treatment during which the UDF and VMG areas defined, first child computer 4 and the recording process will skip to step SP5, the optical disc because it has been 2 We were processed, making it impossible to record data. 即使在光盘2被最终处理为可擦除的DVD-RW的情况下,微型计算机4也会根据用户的确认来擦除光盘2上的数据内容并进行数据记录。 Even in the case of the final treatment erasable DVD-RW disc 2, the microcomputer 4 will erase the data to the optical disk 2 in accordance with the contents of the confirmation by the user, and data recording. 当用户的指令是"切断,,时,微型计算机4将从步骤SP6进行到SP9,在此,它将关断光盘驱动器1的电源,然后回到步骤SP4,在此,它将退出记录或再现过程。在上述过程之一的记录过程中,如果光盘2是DVD-R,则微型计算机4将采用INC方法来把运动的或静止的困像丈件记彔到光盘2上。另一方面, 如果光盘2是DVD-RW或DVD-RAM,则孩i型计算才几4将采用ROW方法来把运动的或静止的图像文件记录到光盘2上。图6A到图6K示出的图用于说明用INC方法将运动的图像文件或静止的图像文件记录到尚未有文件记录于其中的光盘2,即空白盘。更新从光盘2 上得到并保存在内置的存储器中的RMA信息,如图6A所示,微型计算机4 预约Rzone 1。为了记录运动图像文件,如图6A所示,微型计算机4将类似地通过更新RMA信息来预约Rzone 2和不可见的Rzone,并将由实数据组成的视频数据顺序记录到 When the user's instruction is "off,, when the microcomputer 4 proceeds to SP9 from the step SP6, in this case, it will power off the optical disk drive 1 and then return to step SP4, the here, it will exit the reproducing or recording process. in the process of recording one of the above-described process, if the optical disc 2 is a DVD-R, the microcomputer 4 will adopt the INC method of moving or stationary member referred 彔 husband like trapped onto the disc 2. on the other hand, If the optical disc 2 is DVD-RW or DVD-RAM, then calculates the i-type child will use only a few 4 ROW method to record a moving or still image files on the optical disc 2. 6A-6K shown in FIG used INC method described with reference to recording a moving image file or a still image file has not been documented to therein the optical disc 2, i.e., a blank disc. RMA updated information obtained from the optical disk 2 and stored in the built-in memory, as shown in FIG 6A , the microcomputer 4 Rzone 1. to reservation recording a moving image file, shown in Figure 6A, the microcomputer 4 will similarly update the RMA information by the reservation and invisible Rzone 2, Rzone, the video data composed of real data the sequential recording 可见的Rzone中,以便产生VTSTT VOBS。同样地,在用户给出指令停止记录时,如图6B所示,微型计算机4将产生VTSI BUP,并且如图6C所示,产生VTSI和VTSMVOBS,以便产生一个VTS。根据由此产生的VTS,微型计算机4将数据的管理信息保存于它的存储器中,并更新保存于存储器中的RMA信息。为了记录下一个运动图像文件,微型计算机4将类似地更新保存在存储器中的RMA信息,以便预约Rzone2和不可见的Rzone,然后将实数据顺序记录到不可见的Rzone中,并产生VTSTT VOBS和VTSI BUP、以及VTSI 和VTSMVOBS。与此数据的产生相应,微型计算机4将这些数据的管理信息记录到存储器中,并更新保存在存储器中的RMA信息。在采用INC方法来记录运动图像时,如同在常规的INC方法中那样,微型计算机4将顺序记录标题。在装载尚未最终处理的光盘2并且要把数据追加地记录到光盘2上时,微型计算 Rzone visible in order to generate VTSTT VOBS. Similarly, when the user gives an instruction to stop recording, as shown, the microcomputer 4 will generate VTSI BUP 6B, and 6C, the VTSI is generated and VTSMVOBS, in order to produce a VTS. the resulting VTS, the microcomputer 4 to the management information data stored in its memory, and updates the stored information in the memory RMA. to record a moving picture file next, the microcomputer 4 will similarly update RMA information stored in the memory, so that reservation Rzone2 and invisible Rzone, and then recorded real data sequence to invisible Rzone in, and generate VTSTT VOBS and VTSI of BUP, and VTSI and VTSMVOBS. this generates data corresponding, the microcomputer 4 of the management information data is recorded in the memory, and updates RMA information stored in the memory. when using INC method to record a moving image, as above, the microcomputer 4 will sequentially record header in the conventional INC method when loading the disc 2 not yet finalized and data is to be processed additionally recorded onto the optical disk 2, the microcomputer 4将用在图5的步骤SP2中获得的、并保存在存储器中的RMA数据,从现存标题的末端开始,进行类似的操作, 从而追加地记录作为成像结果的运动图像。另一方面,在最终处理光盘2的处理中,微型计算机4将从按如上方式产生并保存在存储器中的管理信息中产生Rzone 1的UDF和VMG,以便定义导入区段和导出区段。当然,在将数据追加地记录到尚未最终处理的光盘2上时,微型计算机4将根据在图5的步骤SP3中所得到的VTSI和VTSM VOBS在光盘2上产生现有标题的UDF和VMG数据。 4 with SP2 obtained in the step of FIG. 5, and RMA data stored in the memory, from the end of the existing title, a similar operation to additionally record the moving image as an imaging result. On the other hand, in processing the optical disc 2 in the final process, the microcomputer 4 will generate the aforementioned manner and stored in the memory management information is generated in Rzone UDF and VMG 1 in order to define the leadin portion and the leadout portion. of course, the additional data 2 to the recording, the microcomputer 4 will generate the title on the optical disc 2 existing disc has not been finalized based VTSI and VTSM VOBS in step SP3 in FIG. 5 obtained in the UDF and the VMG data. 利用上述的操作,光盘驱动器1如同在常规的INC方法中那样,以DVD 视频格式来记录运动图像文件。 With the above operations, the optical disc drive 1 as above, the DVD video format moving image file recorded in the conventional INC method. 在用卢指示记彔静止图像时,微型计算机4首先通过更新保存在它的存储器中的RMA来预约不可见的区,以便顺序记录作为扩展文件的静止图像文件(如图6E所示图6中的参考标记EF所表示)。 In the file as an extension of a still image file (FIG. 6E, the chronograph 彔 RMA 6 indicates a still image, the microcomputer 4 first by updating stored in its memory to the reservation by Lu invisible area, to sequentially record EF represented by reference numerals). 此外,与记录静止图像文件EF相应,将信息保存在它的内置的存储器中,微型计算机4将顺序产生中间的管理信息,以便临时管理静止图像文件直到最终处理为止。 In addition, the recording corresponding still picture file EF, the information stored in its internal memory, the microcomputer 4 sequentially generates intermediate management information for provisional management of the still image files up to final process. 此外,在记录了所要求数量的静止图像文件之后,在用户给出指令结束记录静止图像文件时,微型计算机4将通过更新保存在存储器中的RMA来关闭不可见的Rzone,如图6F所示,将Rzone 3预约在与静止图像文件接续的区中。 Further, after the recording of the number of still image files requested, when the user gives an instruction to end recording of a still picture file, the microcomputer 4 RMA will be stored in the memory by updating invisible, Rzone is closed, as shown in FIG. 6F the Rzone 3 in the reserved succeeding still image file area. 微型计算机4也将会把保存在存储器中的中间管理信息转换成用于记录到光盘2上的格式,并且,如图6G所示,将中间的管理信息记录到Rzone 3中。 The microcomputer 4 will also convert the intermediate management information stored in the memory into a format for recording on the optical disk to the 2, and, as shown in FIG 6G intermediate management information recorded to the Rzone 3. 要说明的是,对于读取扩展文件,中间管理信息是必须的,它由扩展文件的地址和大小、属性扩展、以及将扩展文件记录到光盘2上的日期和时间组成的,并且,如图7A到7B所示,对于连续记录的扩展文件的每个属性, 中间管理信息是集体地记录的。 It is noted that, for reading extension files, the intermediate management information is required, it is recorded by the address and size of the extended file attribute extension, and extension files to the date and time of the composition on the optical disc 2, and FIG. 7A to 7B, for each extension file attribute continuously recorded, intermediate management information are collectively recorded.这就是说,如图7B所示,中间管理信息是由头标和表示属性的文件管理信息DJ、 DM7和DM4组成的。例如,如图7A 所示,如果根据用户的指令记录了三个JPEG格式的文件FJ1、 FJ2和FJ3, 然后记录了两个MPEG-7格式的文件FM71和FM72,并又记录了两个MPEG-4格式的文件FM41和FM42,中间管理信息中的头标则会表明在光盘2中记录了这三个类型的文件,以及随后的文件管理信息DJ、 DM7和DM4 的地址。还要说明的是,标记"DJ"、 "DM7,,和"DM4,,分别表示在JPEG、 MPEG7和MPEG4中所定义的文件管理信息。如图7C所示,在每个文件中,对于管理信息DFJ1、 DFJ2和DFJ3中的每一个记录了每个属性的文件管理信息DJ。并如图7D所示,将相应的扩展文件属性、地址ADDR、大小、记录的日期和时间等分配给在每个文件上的管理信息DFJ1。要说明的是,在此实施例中,在将基于JPEG的静止图像文件作为扩展文件用到光盘驱动器1上时,对于已由光盘驱动器1在其上记录了数据的光盘2的每个属性,将只产生如图7B所示的文件管理信息DJ。这样,即使在将除了运动图像文件以外的任何其它文件记录到光盘2上的情况下,微型计算机4也会将文件和文件的管理信息一起记录到光盘2上的节目区中。此时,如杲要记彔到光盘2上的丈件是适动图像丈件,则微型计算机4将进行控制,使管理信息、文件和管理信息的备份信息顺序地记录。如果要记录到光盘2上的文件是运动图像文件之外的静止图像文件,则微型计算机4将进行控制,使顺序地记录文件和文件的管理信息,从而根据对应的文件的属性来转换管理信息的记录格式。如上所述,如果这样记录中间管理信息DK,则微型计算机4将把中间管理信息DK存储到它的内置存储器中并将其保存在那里。如果微型计算机4 按此方式记录了中间管理信息DK,然后再次记录静止图像文件,那么,它将在用户结束记录的指令下,类似地顺序记录扩展文件并记录中间管理信息DK。另一方面,为了接着记录运动图像文件,如图6H所示,微型计算机4 将预约Zone和不可见的Rzone,以便定义如图6I所示的VTSTT VOBS和VTSI BUP以及VTSI和VTSMVOBS。这样,如图6J所示,微型计算机4将在中间管理信息DK之后接续记录一个VTS。利用上面的操作,光盘驱动器1记录非DVD视频格式的静止图像文件和静止图像文件的管理信息的组合,以及DVD视频格式的运动图像文件。这样,在常规的仅支持DVD视频格式的光盘驱动器中,在根据RMA在这样记录的光盘2上查找实时数据记录区时,只能检测作为VTS管理信息的VTSI 和VTSTT VOBS,然而未以任何方式定义的静止图像的扩展文件和此扩展文件的中间管理信息将不会被识别为任何有意义的文件。另一方面,在支持上述类型的扩展文件的光盘驱动器中,将能识别VTS管理信息、静止图像的扩展文件和此扩展文件的中间管理信息。这样,微型计算机4将记录扩展文件而不会影响在常规的光盘驱动器中的运动图像的再现。这样,在用户指示按如上方式最终处理其中记录有扩展文件的光盘2时, 如图6K所示,微型计算机4将从参照管理表而这样产生的所有标题的管理信息(VTSI和VTSTT VOBS)和全部扩展文件的中间管理信息中产生UDF 数据,并将这些UDF数据记录到光盘2上。另外,微型计算机4将只从所有标题的管理信息(VTSI和VTSTTVOBS)中产生VMG数据,并将这些数据记录到光盘2上。重要的是要说明如下一点:UDF和VMG数据是根据保存在存储器中的中间管理信息或类似的信息产生的。按照这种方式记录UDF和VMG之后,微型计算机4将定义导入区段和导出区段。也要说明的是,微型计算机4记录UDF和VMG数据,定义导入区段和导出区段,并记录中间管理信息,这些都是通过输出相应的数据到DVD信号处理器14中来完成的。因此,在此实施例中,计算机管理用的UDF数据将包括用于识别和存取扩展文件的管理信息,但是用于DVD再现管理的VMG数据将不包括与扩展文件相关的信息。如图8所示,微型计算机4将再现用于管理计算机的UDF 数据,以在与DVD标题相同的级别层中分离的文件夹里产生UDF,从而只显示扩展文件。对于上面参照图7A到图7D所描述的中间管理信息DK,微型计算机4将产生没有文件名、如所述地址等的地址信息的UDF。应当说明的是,微型计算机4当然将产生UDF,以便能像存取标题VTSI、 VTSM VOBS 等那样来存取每个扩展文件。这样,在此实施例中,在用计算机来再现光盘2时,就可以将临时的中间管理信息的文件做成为用户不可见的文件,该文件在由计算机再现光盘2时是没有意义的,从而能够相应地改进光盘驱动器1的可操作性。这样,通过将VMG数据记录到光盘2上,常规的DVD光盘驱动器就能够只读取记录在光盘2上的运动图像文件。与此相反,在光盘驱动器l中, 微型计算机4在图5的步骤SP3中获取UDF和VMG数据,以便为存取基于UDF数据的每个扩展文件提供系统控制,并从而再现扩展文件。应当说明的是,在图8中,"根(Root)"是根目录,"VIDEO TS"是运动图像文件夹, "DSC"是扩展文件夹。 "DSC0001"和"DSC0002"分别是扩展文件。图9A到9H示出的图用于说明与图6所示的基于INC的记录相对比的基于ROW的记录。如果光盘2是DVD-RW或DVD-RAM,微型计算机4 将采用ROW方法来记录运动图像文件和扩展文件。更具体地说,如在图9A 所示的常规系统中那样,为了记录运动图像文件,微型计算机4在RMA管理中通过填充预约一个区,并在那里记录VTSTT VOBS和VTSI BUP,并如图9B所示,通过填充来预约下一个区,并如图9C所示,再次在起始处定义VTSI和VTSM VOBS。这样,微型计算机4将用ROW方法把一个VTS记录到光盘上。为了继续记录一个运动图像,微型计算机4将重复与上面类似的操作, 以便像在常规系统中那样顺序地记录标题并最终处理光盘。在另一方面,如图9D所示,为了记录扩展文件,如果已通过填充预约了一个区,则微型计算机4将从这个区的顶端开始,把扩展丈伴EF顺序记录到此区中,并记录中间管理信息DK,再通过;真充预约下一个标题记录区。应当说明的是,记录扩展文件EF和中间管理信息DK的方法与INC方法相同, 除了它们是记录在通过填充而预约的记录区的顶端并通过填充来预约下一个标题记录区。为了继续记录一个扩展文件,微型计算机4将重复这样记录扩展文件EF 和中间管理信息DK,并通过填充预约一个区。为了接续扩展文件记录运动图像文件,如图9E和9F所示,微型计算机4将在与填充了的区接续的区中记录VTSTTVOBS和VTSIBUP,通过填充预约下一个区,并像接续运动图像文件记录运动图像文件那样,再次在起始处定义VTSI和VTSM VOBS。这样, 就把一个VTS记录到了如图9G所示的光盘上。因此,光盘驱动器1能够按DVD视频格式记录运动图像文件,并且也能记录非DVD视频格式的静止图像文件和该文件的中间管理信息的组合,而且不会影响在常规的光盘驱动器中再现运动图像文件。要说明的是,为了按照上述方式记录扩展文件,微型计算机4将在它的内置存储器中记录并保存每个扩展文件的管理信息,这正如上面参照图6所说明的那样。另一方面,如在INC方法中那样,为了最终处理光盘2,微型计算机4 将产生UDF和VGM凄t据,并将它们记录到通过填充而预约的一个区中,以便产生UDF和VGM,并定义导入区^:和导出区^a。这样,甚至利用ROW 方法,如同在INC方法中的那样,能记录管理信息,以便能够用某些计算机从支持扩展文件的光盘上读取运动和静止图像文件,而且,用某些常规的、 面向DVD的光盘驱动器能够只读取运动图像。图IO示出了上面参照图6和图9说明的记录过程的操作流程。在开始此记录过程时,微型计算机4从步骤SP11进行到SP12,在此,它将判断用户指示要做什么,是记录运动图像文件,还是记录静止图像文件,或者是最终处理。在用户指示要记录运动图像文件时,微型计算机4从步骤SP12进行到SP13,在此,它将判断用户是否已指示开始记录。如果在步骤SP13的判断结果是否定的,微型计算机4将重复步骤SP13的操作。如果上面的判断结果是肯定的,微型计算机4将从步骤SP13进行到SP14,在此,如同上面参照图6和图9说明的那样,它将记录实数据。此外,微型计算机4进入步骤SP15, 在此,它将判断用户是否已指示停止记录。如果在步骤SP15中的判断结果是否定的,微型计算机4将回到步骤SP14。这样,微型计算机4将重复在步骤SP14、 SP15中的才乘作,并再次在步骤SP14中顺序记录实数据。如果上面的判断结果是肯定的,微型计算机4将用现存的实数据的记录来完成VTSTT VOBS数据的记录。随后,微型计算机4进入步骤SP16,在此,它将在光盘2中顺序定义VTSI BUP、 VTSI和VTSM VOBS区,从而记录一个VTS,然后进入步骤SP17, 在此,它将退出此记录过程。另一方面,如果用户的指令是记录静止图像文件,微型计算机4将从步骤SP12进行到SP18,在此,它将判断用户是否己指示开始记录。如果在步骤SP18中的判断结果是否定的,微型计算机4将重复在步骤SP18中的操作。与此相反,如果上面的判断结果是肯定的,微型计算机4将从步骤SP18进行到SP19,在此,如同上面参照图6和图9所说明的那样,它将记录静止图像文件的扩展文件。进而,微型计算机4进行到步骤SP20,在此,它将判断用户是否已指示停止记录。如果在步骤SP20中的判断结果是否定的,微型计算机4将回到步骤SP19。这样,微型计算机4将重复在步骤SP19、 SP20中的操作,并再次在步骤SP19中顺序记录静止图像文件。如果上面的判断结果是肯定的,微型计算机4就结束记录静止图像文件并进入步骤SP21,在此,它将记录中间管理信息,然后进入步骤SP17,在此,它将退出此记录过程。在用户的指令是记录与最终处理光盘2相关的数据时,微型计算机4将从步骤SP12进行到SP22,在此,它将判断用户是否已指示开始记录。如果在步骤SP22中的判断结果是否定的,微型计算机4将重复在步骤SP22中的操作。如果上面的判断结果是肯定的,微型计算机4将从步骤SP22进行到SP23,在此,如同上面参照图6和图9已说明的那样,它将最终处理此光盘2, 然后进入步骤SP17,在此,它将退出此过程。图11示出含于图6所示的再现过程的操作流程。在开始此再现过程时, 微型计算机4从步骤SP31进行到SP32,在此,它将判断用户是否已指示读取运动图像文件或静止图像文件。如果用户的指示是再现运动图像文件,微型计算机4将从步骤SP32进行到SP33,在此,它将判断用户是否己指示开始再现,如果判断的结果是否定的,微型计算机4将重复在步骤SP33中的搡作。如果上面的判断结果是肯定的,微型计算机4将从步骤SP33进行到SP34,在此,它将提供系统控制, 以便再现由用户参照保存在存储器中的管理信息而指定的运动图像文件。这就是说,如果光盘2是最终处理的一个,微型计算机4就根据保存在它的内置存储器中的VMG数据来检测对应的文件的地址,并指示光盘驱动器1的每个部件从此地址读取文件。另一方面,如果光盘2不是最终处理的一个,微型计算机4将根据保存在存储器中的标题VTSI和VTSTTVOBS来检测对应的文件的地址,并指示光盘驱动器1的每个部件从此地址读取文件。在按如上方式来指示再现之后,微型计算机4将进行到步骤SP35,在此, 它将判断用户是否己指示停止再现。如果在步骤SP35中的判断结果是否定的,微型计算机4将回到步骤SP34。这样,微型计算机4将重复在步骤SP34、 SP35中的操作,并再次在SP34中顺序读取由用户指定的运动图像文件。另一方面,如果上面的判断结果是肯定的,微型计算机4将终止再现操作,并进行到步骤SP36,在此,它将退出再现过程。另一方面,如果用户的指令是读取扩展文件,微型计算机4将从步骤SP32 进行到SP37,在此,它将判断用户是否己指示开始再现。如果判断的结果是否定的,微型计算机4将重复步骤SP37中的操作。与此相反,如果判断的结果是肯定的,微型计算机4将从步骤SP37进行到SP38。如果光盘2是最终处理的一个,微型计算机4将根据保存在它的存储器中的UDF数据来检测对应的文件的地址,并指示光盘驱动器1的每个部件从此地址来读取此文件。另一方面,如果光盘2不是最终处理的一个,微型计算机4将根据保存在它的存储器中的中间管理信息的记录来检测对应的文件的地址,并指示光盘驱动器1的每个部件从此地址读取文件。在按照上述方式指示再现之后,微型计算机4将进行到步骤SP39,在此, 它将判断用户是否己指示停止再现。如果在步骤SP39中的判断结果是否定的,微型计算机4将回到步骤SP38。这样,微型计算机4将重复在步骤SP38、 SP39中的操作,并再次在SP38中顺序读取由用户指定的静止图像文件。与此相反,如果上面的判断结果是肯定的,微型计算机4就终止再现操作,并进行到步骤SP36,在此,它将退出再现过程。这样,在此实施例中,微型计算机4提供管理信息产生装置,用以产生要记录的文件的管理信息,此外,DVD信号处理器14、随机存取存储器15、才莫拟前端块16、电扭i;故大器18、光头19和主轴电4几20共同形成记录装置, 用以将文件和文件的管理信息一起记录到光盘2上的节目区中。微型计算机4还提供控制装置,用以控制管理信息产生装置和记录装置的操作,它还和压缩/扩展块6、头标信息处理器7、 DVD信号处理器14、随机存取存储器15、模拟前端块16、电机放大器18、光头19和主轴电机20—起形成再现装置,用以根据与文件一起记录在光盘2中的管理信息来读取记录在光盘中的每个属性的文件。上面参照图4所描述的构造的光盘驱动器1发挥如下所述的功能: 在用户将光盘2装载到已开动的光盘驱动器1中的时候,或者开动带有装载在光盘驱动器1中的光盘2的光盘驱动器1的时候,微型计算机4控制DVD信号处理器14和电机放大器18以驱动线程电机21,以便将光头19移向光盘2的内圓周。进而,将激光束从光头19投射到光盘2上。用光头19 检测返回光,并通过模拟前端块16和微型计算机4顺序地对其进行处理。借助于DVD信号处理器14和电机放大器18,用微型计算机4对光头19进行跟踪控制和聚焦控制。另外,用DVD信号处理器14来处理检测过的返回光, 以便从光盘2上读取数据。在光盘驱动器1中,利用微型计算机4并通过上面的一系列的净喿作来获取沿着光盘2的内圓周记录的各种信息,并将它们保存在内置于微型计算机4之内的存储器中。如果光盘2是通过压制(stamping)形成的只读光盘,或者是一个其中只记录了运动图像文件的最终处理的光盘,微型计算机4将通过上述的一系列的操作来获取沿着光盘2内圆周记录的、作为DVD播放器的管理信息的VMG数据。这样,在光盘驱动器l中,在用户指示再现光盘2时,就可利用DVD信号处理器14和电机放大器18并根据VMG数据来驱动主轴电机20, 以便将光头19移动到用户指定标题的地址上(搜索操作),并根据检测过的返回光对光头19进行跟踪控制和聚焦控制,通过DVD信号处理器14、头标信息处理器7和压缩/扩展块6来顺序地处理检测过的返回光,以便读取由运动图像组成的视频数据。更具体地说,用模拟前端块16来处理读信号以产生读数据,该读信号是返回光检测的结果,并且其等级(level)相应于光盘2 上的坑串而改变,用DVD信号处理器14对读数据进行解码、取消交织(deinterleaved)和误差校正。将经误差校正的读数据提供给头标信息处理器7, 在此,从数据中除去头标并将头标报告给微型计算机4。进而,将读信号提供给压缩/扩展块6,并用多路复用器10将其分解为视频数据和咅频数棍。由视频处理器8将视频数据从MPEG-压缩状态下释》文(release )出来,并将其显示在监视器12上或者通过视频/音频编码器13提供给外部设备。另一方面,用音频处理器11来扩展音频数据,然后提供给监视器12供监控之用, 或者通过视频/音频编码器13提供给外部设备。如果光盘2是可记录的空白盘,那么,在把光盘2装载到光盘驱动器1 中时或者在开动光盘驱动器1时,微型计算机4将存取光盘2以便从光盘2 中获取RMA数据。在光盘驱动器1中,在用户选择运动图像采集模式和VMG 时,如果光盘2是DVD-R(如图6所示),微型计算机4将更新保存在它的存储器中的RMA数据,以《更通过预约Rzone 1来为UDF和VMG预约若干区。如果光盘2是DVD-RW(如图3所示),微型计算机4将类似地更新RMA数据,以便为UDF和VMG预约若干区,并通过填充来为第一个VTS的VTSI和VTSM VOBS预约若干区。在此情况下,在用户指示开始记录时,由视频输入块3和音频输入块5 顺序提供视频和音频数据,并在由音频处理器11来压缩音频数据的同时,用MPEG技术由视频处理器8来压缩视频数据。进而,由多路复用器10来多路复用这样压缩的^L频和音频数据,然后,用头标信息处理器7将头标加到多路复用的数据中。随后在DVD信号处理器14中,在多路复用数据中加入误差校正码,并对多路复用数据进行交织(interleave)和编码。根据数据处理的结果,;漠拟前端块16将^^一定量由光头19发射出的激光束才殳射到光盘2 上。这样,就在光盘2上顺序地形成许多坑,以便顺序地记录由运动图像组成的运动视频数据。在光盘驱动器l中,在用户指示停止记录时,微型计算机4将停止在压缩/扩展块6等中一系列操作,以便中止视频数据的记录,然后,将这样记录的运动图像文件的管理信息记录到光盘2上。这就是说,在光盘驱动器1 中,微型计算机4将根据运动图像数据的地址、文件大小、记录日期等来产生管理信息,将管理信息提供给DVD信号处理器14,并将其记录到光盘2 上,使管理信息接续视频数据被记录,由此而定义VTSI BUP区。然后,如果光盘2是DVD-RW,就通过填充来定义下一个VTS的VTSI和VTSM VOBS 区,从而使光头19搜索现有的VTSI和VTSMVOBS的区。将类似的管理信息提供给DVD信号处理器14,并将其记录在光盘2上,以便定义意图的VTSI和VTSMVOBS区。在光盘驱动器1中,对一个标题记录由运动图像组成的视频数据。这样, 在光盘驱动器1中,为了记录运动图像文件,按DVD视频格式来记录管理信息和文件,其中,由VTSI组成的管理信息、由VTSM VOBS组成的管理信息、运动图像文件和由VTSIBUP组成的管理信息是连续放置的。在用户指示记录运动图像时,重复类似的操作以便将标题顺序地记录到光盘2上。如果按上述方式将这样的标题顺序地记录到尚未最终处理的光盘上,并将此光盘装载到光盘驱动器1中,那就通过参照RMA数据扫描光盘2, 首先获取与标题一起记录的管理信息以及RMA数据,并将与标题一起记录的管理信息保存在内置在^f鼓型计算机4的存储器中,并记录从通过扫描光盘2检测到的标题的末端接续的标题。在光盘驱动器1中,在按上述方式将标题记录到光盘2上并且用户指示最终处理光盘2时,就根据和标题一起记录在存储器中的管理信息来产生UDF和VMG数据,并把UDF和VMG数据记录到在光盘2上定义的内圓周区上,并且也定义导入区段和导出区段。这样,就能设定用只支持普通DVD 格式的DVD播放器来再现的光盘。另一方面,如果用户已选择了静止图像记录模式,那么,UDF和VMG 区将被定义在空白盘中,就像通过更新存储在存储器中的RMA并通过填充来记录运动图像那样。在光盘驱动器中,将成像装置的操作模式转换到静止图像才莫式,并将压缩/扩展块6的操作模式转换为基于JPEG的数据压缩的操作模式。在此情况下,在用户指示开始记录静止图像时,就通过压缩/扩展块6 的视频处理器8将由从视频输入块3提供的静止图像组成的视频数据压缩为JPEG格式,然后与由音频处理器11提供的音频数据一起,用多路复用器10 进行多路复用。这样,在光盘驱动器1中,由静止图像构成的视频数据,而非任何由运动图像构成的视频数据,就像在记录运动图像时那样,被提供来用于记录,并被顺序地记录到光盘2上。在光盘驱动器1中,在记录运动图像时,首先定义VTSI和VTSMVOBS 的区以便记录实数据,但是,对于记录静止图像,记录由静止图像组成的实数据则没有预约这样的区。在用户指示记录静止图像时,按照上述方式将随后的静止图像记录到光盘2上。在每次记录时,将每个文件的地址记录到微型计算机4的存储器中。在光盘驱动器l中,在用户改变操作模式来停止静止图像的记录时,或者在所要求数量的静止图像文件已记录到光盘上时,将把由保存在存储器中的地址等信息组成的管理信息作为想要一直用到最终处理时的临时性的中间管理信息,记录在供多个静止图像文件用的连续区中。这样,在光盘驱动器1中,对于记录除了任何运动图像文件之外的其它文件,将按照文件和管理信息的顺序来记录文件和文件的管理信息,并根据要记录的文件的属性来选择记录文件和管理信息的格式。如上所述,光盘驱动器1也能将并非以DVD视频格式定义的静止图像文件记录到光盘2上。在把其中有如此记录的静止图像文件的光盘装载到仅支持DVD视频格式的光盘驱动器中时,通过装载盘时进行查找来检测按照诸如VTSI之类的DVD^L频格式记录的管理信息,并#^据此管理信息来读VTS。这样,如此记录的静止图像文件和文件的管理信息将不可能影响任何运动图像的读取。因此,任何普通的DVD播放器就能从其中有如此记录的运动图像文件的光盘中读取运动图像文件。与此相反, 一个也支持运动图像之外的文件的光盘驱动器也能够读取静止图像文件。这就是说,在其中装栽了上述的光盘2的光盘驱动器1中,将像文件的中间管理信息,并将此管理信息保存在微型计算机4的存储器中。这样,就能向用户提供在用户的指示下记录在光盘2中的运动和静止图像标题。此外,在用户指示读取运动图像时,光盘驱动器1就能根据VTS和VTSM VOBS数据来读运动图像文件,就像关于只读光盘所描述的那样。另一方面,在用户指示读取静止图像文件时,将根据保存在微型计算机4的存储器中的中间管理信息来检测文件的地址等,并根据检测的结果顺序地读取记录在光盘2中的数据,然后通过那些类似于读取运动图像中的操作来处理这些数据。在光盘驱动器1中,在处理读数据时,为了处理包括静止图像在内的读数据,用微型计算机4来改变视频处理器8的操作,以便扩展根据JPEG压缩的视频数据,并在监视器12上监视包括静止图像在内的视频数据,并进而从视频/音频编码器13上向外部设备提供这些视频数据。通常,静止图像文件的大小比运动图像文件要小一些。然而,如图7所示,在光盘驱动器1中,为多个文件产生和记录了如这样的管理信息的中间管理信息。这样,在光盘驱动器1中,由千记录了由这样的静止图像丈件成类似文件组成的扩展文件,就可能最小化由于记录管理文件而引起的记录区的减少。同样地,对于作为文件属性的每个文件类型,多个文件的中间管理信息是集体记录的,因此,能够简化查找和最终处理(这将在后面详细说明)的搡作。通过上述的操作,光盘驱动器1由用户来操作,以便将运动和静止图像文件顺序地记录到所谓的空白盘、其中只记录了运动图像但尚未最终处理的光盘以及其中记录了运动和静止图像文件但尚未最终处理的光盘。另一方面,在用户指示按上述方式最终处理其中记录有运动和静止图像的任何上述光盘时,根据从光盘上得到并保存在微型计算机4的存储器中的管理信息和中间管理信息,并才艮据通过记录运动和静止图像而产生的、并保存在存储器中的管理信息和中间管理信息来产生供计算机用的UDF数据,将UDF数据记录到光盘2上的预定义的区中。仅根据运动图像文件的管理信息来产生供DVD播放器用的VMG数据,并类似地将其记录到光盘2上。这样,在光盘驱动器l中,记录在光盘2上的所有的文件的管理信息将连同文件一起集体地记录到光盘2上管理信息记录区中用于记录第一管理信息的UDF区中,与此同时,将记录在光盘2上的、^l适用于具有特定属性的运动图像文件的管理信息同运动图像文件一起记录到意图供DVD用的VMG 区中,以便记录第二管理信息。这样,用DVD播放器来再现按如上方式最终处理的光盘2时,将参照面向DVD的VMG区来读取记录在光盘2中的文件,从而确实可以读取DVD 视频格式的运动图像而不会受到记录诸如静止图像文件之类的文件的影响。在用计算机来再现这样的最终处理的光盘时,由于UDF定义在与计算机的文件管理系统相应的文件管理格式之中,计算机将读取基于UDF的每个文件(如图8所示),既可读取运动图像文件,也可读取静止图像文件。例如,在所构建的上述光盘驱动器1中,4艮据文件的属性来转换和文件一起记录的管理信息的格式,以便允许记录除了运动图像文件之外的静止图像文件。这就是说,运动图像文件是按照管理信息、文件以及管理信息的备份信息的顺序,并以施加于文件和管理信息的DVD视频格式来记录的。另一方面,接照丈件、管理信息的顺序来记录除了运动图像丈件之外的任何丈件,这样,就可以记录并非以DVD^L频格式定义的文件,而且对读耳又运动图Y象文件没有任何影响。通过根据按如上方式记录的、除了运动图像文件以外的管理信息,从光盘上读取不同属性的文件,也能够读取除了运动图像文件以外的其它任何文件,以供利用。在用户的指示下,通过将管理信息和记录在光盘上的所有的文件一起集体地记录到第一管理信息记录区中,并将管理信息只和那些具有特定属性的文件一起集体地记录到第二管理信息记录区中,就可能用某些普通的DVD播放器来读取运动图像文件,并用某些计算机来读取所有的运动和静止图像文件。 (2)第二实施例下面将要说明根据本发明的第二实施例。在第二实施例中,如同在第一实施例中那样,能够用普通的DVD播放器或DVD记录器来检验记录在光盘2上的静止图像文件的内容。应当说明的是,在第二实施例中的内容4企验针对尚未最终处理的光盘。图12对照图6和图9来说明内容检验。在此实施例中,在以扩展格式记录的各种文件之中,将可转换为DVD视频格式的视频数据的一个转换为MPEG格式的视频数据,并重新记录到光盘上。这样,即使尚未最终处理含有视频数据的光盘,也能在另一个DVD记录器中再现格式转换了的视频数据。对于格式转换了的文件,将此文件的管理信息作为中间管理信息DK1 记录到光盘上并将其保存在那里,并最终处理光盘以记录VMG,供再现格式转换了的视频数据之用。在计算机中,为格式转换前的文件和格式转换了的文件生成管理信息,并将它们记录到UDF区中,以便能像其它的文件那样来存取这些文件。利用这些操作,对一个文件中的一个静止图像进行格式转换,以便提供一个MPEG格式的图像。进而,转换用一条中间管理信息管理的多个静止图像文件,以使得在一系列的DVD视频格式的图像中能包含每个格式转换了的图像,这样,就能通过按DVD视频格式分章节(chaptering)的办法来顺序读出多个静止图像。此时,所形成丈件的章节(chapter)最髙可以达99个。在章节的数量大于99时,将这个文件分解为多个文件,乂人而防止超出由DVD视频才各式一见定的限度。更具体地说,在这样的一个尚未最终处理的光盘中,通过预约Rzone 1 或者是通过填充,从内圆周侧开始,预约有UDF和VMG区,此外,如图12 所示,将VTS、扩展文件EF和扩展文件EF的中间管理信息DK记录在那里。在此情况下,在用户指示处理用于内容检验的数据时,就能根据中间管理信息DK来4全测扩展文件。这样的文件包括JPEG格式的静止图像文件、MPEG-7格式的运动图像文件、由AVI文件组成的运动图像文件等。在这些文件之中,运动图像文件经过数据解压缩,然后再次以MPEG-2格式经受数据压缩,并作为VTS记录到光盘2上。在图12中,VTS弁2是格式转换的结果的VTS。在另一方面,对静止图像文件进行解压缩或扩展,然后缩小(thin),以具有许多对应MPEG-2格式的像素。进而,将静止图像文件设置为I图像并以MPEG-2格式进行压缩。根据一条中间管理信息DK为多个成组的静止图像文件生成VTS#2,以便连续地放置由静止图像文件产生的I图像,并将格式转换了的数据记录到光盘上。同样地生成每一个I图像,以使每个I图像将是DVD视频格式的一个章节。将这样记录的、格式转换了的文件作为运动图像之外的文件的扩展文件记录下来,与其它的文件相似,在扩展文件之后记录中间管理信息。按照图7所示来构成中间管理信息DK1。为了接下来记录视频数据,如在第一实施例中那样对运动图像和静止图像编码,并记录VTS弁2和EF2。在用户指示处理用于静止图像的内容检验的文件时,对数据进行格式转换以定义VTS。 VTS弁4和VTSW是由文件划分产生的,而文件划分是因为在格式转换了的文件中图像数目大于99。图13是光盘驱动器的第二实施例的一个方块图,在此提出来与图4所示的第一实施例加以比较。通常用标号31来表示光盘驱动器。光盘驱动器31 包括由处理电路形成的压缩/扩展块26。用微型计算机24来控制压缩/扩展块26,以便扩展要从光盘2上读取的按任何方式格式化的视频数据,然后按照上述的MPEG-2格式来格式化此视频数据。光盘驱动器31还包括接口(I/F)28,通过此接口与计算机相连。这样,除了JPEG格式的静止图像之夕卜,光盘驱动器31能够获取接任何方式格式化的视频数棍、咅频数棍,并将这样获取到的这些凄t据作为扩展文件记录在光盘2上。根据本发明的第一实施例,除了上述的光盘驱动器1的功能而外,光盘驱动器31还能够将各种不同的文件都作为扩展文件记录到光盘2上,并且还能读取和格式转换这样记录的这样的扩展文件的静止图像文件和运动图像文件,并将格式转换了的文件记录到光盘2上。应当说明的是,除了某些功能有所不同而外,光盘驱动器31是按照与光盘驱动器1同样的方式构建的,因此,与光盘驱动器1中的元件相同的或类似的元件将用与图5和图6中相同的或类似的标号在图13和图14中标出,因此不再加以说明。与图10中的梯:作流程相比,图14所示的操:作流程是在光盘驱动器31 中、在微型计算机24的控制下在记录过程中进行的操作流程。除了上面参照图IO所描述的处理过程而外,微型计算机24还进行记录过程。更具体地说,在步骤SP41中开始记录过程时,微型计算机24进行到步骤SP42,在此,它判断用户是否已指示最终处理光盘。如果判断的结果是否定的,微型计算机24进行到步骤SP43,在此,它判断用户指示要做什么, 是要记录扩展文件、还是要记录运动图像文件、还是要处理检验静止图像文件的内容(按DVD视频格式记录)。在确定用户的指令是记录扩展文件时,如同在第一实施例中的那样,微型计算机24将进行步骤SP18、 SP19、 SP20和SP21,以便将利用成像装置得到的静止图像文件、从外部设备提供的静止图像文件或由计算机通过接口28 提供的各种文件记录到光盘2上。应当说明的是,在要把由计算机提供的数据记录到光盘2上时,要把输入的数据直接供给头标信息处理器7并中断压缩/扩展块6的操作。另一方面,在确定用户的指令是记录运动图像文件时,如同在第一实施例中的那样,微型计算机24将进行步骤SP13、 SP14、 SP15和SP16,以便将由成像装置得到的运动图像文件记录到光盘2上。另一方面,在确定用户的指令是处理数据以使j全^r静止图像文件的内容时,微型计算机24将从步骤SP43进行到SP44,在此,它判断用户是否已指示开始操作。与此相反,如果判断结果是否定的,微型计算机24将重复在步骤SP44中的操作。与此相反,如果判断结果是肯定的,微型计算机24将从步骤SP44进行到SP45,在此,它将查找用于可转换格式的文件的节目区。在检测这样的丈件时,微型许算机24将进衧上迷的丈件格式转换,并将格式转换了的文件记录到光盘2上。在下一个步骤sp46中,微型计算机24判断是否已进行了用于将文件记录到光盘2上的格式转换。如果判断的结果是否定的,微型计算机24将回到步骤SP45,在此,它将继续做应该做的搡作。与此相反,如果判断的结果是肯定的,微型计算机24将进行到步骤SP27,在此,它将记录VTSI BUP和这样记录的文件的中间管理信息DK1,并用ROW方法通过填充来预约下一个区。然后,微型计算机24将返回到起始处,记录VTSI和VTSM VOBS 以定义VTS,并从步骤SP48回到启始操作。另一方面,在确定用户的指令是最终处理光盘2时,微型计算机24就从步骤SP42进行到SP49,在此,它将等待,直到得到来自用户的指令。在用户的指示来到时,微型计算机24就在步骤SP50中最终处理光盘2,并从步骤SP48回到启始的步骤。与图8中的操作相比,图15说明了静止图像文件的内容检验的操作。图15示出了计算机中光盘上的目录结构。将标记为"DSC0001"的静止图像文件转换为用箭头指示的MPEG格式以便记录到光盘2上,其中,标题的编号n 将会增加。在第二实施例中,转换记录在光盘中的文件格式以用于记录,从而记录例如记录在光盘上的运动图像之外的静止图像的文件,甚至可在标准的光盘驱动器中检验静止图像文件的内容。由于通过格式转换而转换了格式的文件是基于MPEG的文件,因此,通过将静止图像文件转换为基于MPEG的I图像,就可用普通的DVD播放器来再现格式转换了的文件,以便^r验静止图像文件的内容。根据文件中格式转换了的图像的数量来划分要记录到节目区中的文件。更具体地说,通过将文件的最大章节数限制为99,甚至普通的DVD记录器就可以再现格式转换了的文件。这样,即使已经将很多静止图像文件记录在一起,也可能检验这样的静止图像文件的内容。根据用户的指示,通过将记录在光盘上的所有文件的管理信息记录到作为第一管理信息记录区的UDF区中,并将仅关于格式转换了的文件,即仅关于以MPEG-2格式启始记录的文件、仅关于通过格式转换记录的文件,的管理信息记录到作为第二管理信息记录区的VMG区中,甚至可以在普通的只用子再现的DVD摇放器中检验静止困像的内容。在许算机中,可以苒现樁式转换了的文件和格式未转换的文件,从而,可以用这两类文件作为索引并和格式未转换的静止图像文件一起用来编辑视频数据,这样,就能相当容易地操作根据本发明的光盘驱动器。 (3) 笫三实施例下面将要说明根据本发明的第三实施例。与前面参照图7所作的说明相比,图16用于说明如何记录中间管理信息。在根据本发明的光盘驱动器的第三实施例中,如箭头所示,至此已记录在光盘中的所有的扩展文件的管理信息是作为要同扩展文件一起记录的中间管理信息来分配的。从图16可知,只要再现记录在记录区末端的中间管理信息,就可能得到记录在光盘上的所有中间文件的管理信息,例如地址等,并且,也能相应地简化查找中间管理信息的操作。 (4) 其它的实施例已经就本发明的第一至第三实施例对本发明作了说明,其中,根据预先安装在光盘驱动器上的记录或再现程序进行了一系列的操作,但是,本发明并不只限于这些实施例。这就是说,本发明可以根据由像因特网之类的网络下载的程序或是根据由各种记录介质提供的程序广泛地用于进行这样的一系列的操作。还要说明的是,记录介质可以是磁盘、光盘、磁带或类似的介质。已经就本发明的第一至第三实施例对本发明作了说明,可将它们用到具有成像功能的光盘驱动器和作为计算机外部存储单元的光盘驱动器上,^f旦是, 本发明并不只限于这些实施例。这就是说,在计算机的应用程序的情况下, 本发明也能用于进行上述的记录操作和再现操作。上面,已经参照附图详细地说明了本发明优选的一些作为例子的实施例。然而,应当了解的是,对于本领域普通技术人员而言,本发明并不只限于这些实施例,在不偏离本发明的范围和精神的条件下,可以根据所附的权利要求中所提出和定义的那样,按各种方式进行修改、用另外的方法进行构建, 或按其它的各种形式实施。工业实用性如上所述,根据本发明,可以根据文件的属性并通过转换要记录的管理信息和文件的格式来记录运动图像之外的静止图像的文件。这样,通过转换记录在光盘上的文件的格式并重新记录文件,能够记录例如运动图像之外静止图像的文件,并且,甚至能够在标准的光盘驱动器中来检验静止图像的内

Claims (24)

1. 一种记录设备,包括:管理信息产生装置,用于产生要记录的文件的管理信息; 记录装置,用于将文件和该文件的管理信息一起记录到记录介质上的节目区中;格式转换装置,用于转换文件格式; 再现装置,用于读取记录在记录介质上的文件;以及控制装置,用于控制管理信息产生装置、记录装置、格式转换装置、和再现装置;该控制装置根据文件的属性来转换将文件和该文件的管理信息记录到节目区中的记录格式,并根据用户的指示来控制再现装置,以便读取记录在记录介质上的特定格式的文件,并控制格式转换装置来转换文件的格式,以便将文件和管理信息一起记录到记录介质上。 1. A recording apparatus comprising: management information generation means for generating file management information to be recorded; recording means for recording the file and the management information together with the file to the program area on the recording medium; format converting means for converting file formats; playback means for recording a file on the recording medium is read; and a control means for controlling the management information generating means, means, format converting means recording and reproducing apparatus; the control means according to convert the file attribute of the file and the file management information is recorded to the recording format of the program area, and controls the reproducing apparatus according to a user instruction to read a file recorded on a recording medium in a specific format, and control format conversion means to convert the file format, so that the file and the management information recorded together on a recording medium. .
2. 根据权利要求1所述的设备,其中,控制装置根据文件的属性并通过记录文件和管理信息来转换文件和管理信息的记录格式:如果该文件是运动图像文件,那么,该文件的管理信息、文件本身和管理信息的备份信息将按管理信息、文件、备份信息的次序连续地放置;如果该文件是除运动图像以外的文件,那么,该文件和该文件的管理信息将按文件、管理信息的次序放置。 2. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the control means and converts the file and management information by recording the file and management information according to the attribute file recording format: If the file is a moving image file, then the file management information, backup information and management information of the file itself will be management information file, backup information sequence placed consecutively; if the file is a file other than a moving image, then the file and the file management information of the file will be, order management information placed.
3. 根据权利要求1所述的设备,其中,如果所述文件是运动图像文件, 控制装置设置文件和管理信息的记录格式,按DVD视频格式进行记录。 3. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein, if the file is a moving image file, the control means set the file format and recording management information, recorded by the DVD video format.
4. 根据权利要求1所述的设备,其中,管理信息至少包括文件的地址和大小。 4. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the management information includes at least an address and a size of the file.
5. 根据权利要求1所述的设备,其中,由用户指示控制装置来控制管理信息产生装置和记录装置,以便进行如下记录操作:将记录在记录介质上的所有文件和这些文件的管理信息一起记录到记录介质上的管理信息记录区的第一管理信息记录区中;仅将记录在记录介质上的具有特定属性的文件和这些文件的管理信息一起记录到管理信息记录区的第二管理信息记录区中。 5. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein an indication by the user to control the management information generating means and the recording apparatus control means for a recording operation as follows: the recording management information of all files and these files on the recording medium together with recorded into the first management information recording area management information recording area on the recording medium; only the management information together with the recording on the recording medium having a specific file attributes of these files and management information to the second management information recording area recording area.
6. 根据权利要求5所述的设备,其中:第一管理信息记录区相应于基于计算机的文件管理系统;第二管理信息记录区相应于基于DVD视频格式的文件管理系统。 6. The apparatus as claimed in claim 5, wherein: the first management information recording area corresponding to the computer-based file management system; the second management information recording area corresponding to file management system based on the DVD video format.
7.根据权利要求5所述的设备,其中,控制装置进行如下操作: 将与文件一起记录到记录介质上的管理信息记录到存储器中,并保存在那里;从保存在存储器内的管理信息中产生要记录到管理信息记录区中的管理信息。 7. The apparatus according to claim 5, wherein the control means operates as follows: the file to be recorded together with management information on the recording medium into a memory and stored there; from the management information stored in the memory generate management information to be recorded in the management information recording area.
8.根据权利要求1所述的设备,其中,格式转换了的文件是基于MPEG 的文件。 8. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the file format conversion based on the MPEG file.
9. 根据权利要求1所述的设备,其中,格式转换装置将静止图像文件转换为基于MPEG的I图像。 9. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the format conversion means converts the still image file based on MPEG I picture.
10. 根据权利要求1所述的设备,其中,控制装置根据在格式转换了的文件中的图像的数量来划分要记录到节目区中的文件,以便记录。 10. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the control means in accordance with the number of images in a file format conversion to divide a file to be recorded to the program area for recording.
11. 根据权利要求1所述的设备,其中,用户指示控制装置来控制管理信息产生装置和记录装置,以便进行如下记录操作:将所有的记录在记录介质上的文件与这些文件的管理信息一起记录到记录介质上的管理信息记录区的第一管理信息记录区中;仅将格式转换了的文件与该文件的管理信息一起记录到管理信息记录区的第二管理信息记录区中。 11. The apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the control means controls the user instructs the management information generating means and recording means, for recording operation is as follows: all files recorded on the recording medium together with the management information of these files recorded into the first management information recording area management information recording area on the recording medium; only the record format converted file together with management information of the second file management information recording area of ​​the management information recording area.
12. 根据权利要求11所述的设备,其中,控制装置进行如下操作: 将与格式转换了的文件一起记录在记录介质上的管理信息记录到存储器中,以便保存此文件;从保存在存储器内的管理信息中产生要记录到管理信息记录区中的管理信息。 12. The apparatus of claim 11, wherein the control means operates as follows: with the recording format and converts the file management information on the recording medium is recorded in the memory in order to save the file; stored in the memory from generate management information to be recorded in the management information management information recording area.
13. —种记录方法,用于将要记录的文件和该文件的管理信息一起记录到记录介质上的节目区中,根据文件的属性来控制要记录到节目区中的文件和管理信息的记录格式,其中:再现记录在记录介质中的特定格式的文件; 转换在再现步骤中再现的文件的格式;以及将文件与管理信息一起记录到记录介质上。 13. - kind of recording method, the management information for the file to be recorded and the file to the program area is recorded together on the recording medium, to control the properties file to be recorded according to the recording format of the file and the management information in the program area wherein: specific format file reproduction recorded in the recording medium; conversion format file reproduced in the reproducing step; and a file is recorded together with management information onto the recording medium.
14. 根据权利要求13所述的方法,其中,文件和管理信息的记录格式是:如果文件是运动图像文件,则是文件的管理信息、文件本身和管理信息的备份信息按照管理信息、文件、备份信息的顺序连续地放置的格式;如果文件是运动图像之外的文件,则是文件和该文件的管理信息按照文件、管理信息的顺序放置的格式; 14. The method according to claim 13, wherein the recording format of the file and the management information is: if the file is a moving image file, the file management information is backup information file and the management information itself according to the management information, file, order placed continuously backup information format; if the file is a file other than a moving image, the management information file and the file in the order file, the format of the management information is placed;
15. 根据权利要求13所述的方法,其中,如果文件是运动图像文件,则文件和管理信息的记录格式是DVD视频格式。 15. The method according to claim 13, wherein, if the file is a moving image file, the recording format of file and management information is DVD video format.
16. 根据权利要求13所述的方法,其中,管理信息至少包括文件的地址和大小。 16. The method of claim 13, wherein the management information includes at least an address and a size of the file.
17. 根据权利要求13所述的方法,还包括将与文件一起记录的管理信息记录到记录介质上的管理信息记录区中的步骤;该记录步骤还包括如下记录步骤:将记录在记录介质上的所有文件与这些文件的管理信息一起记录到记录介质上的管理信息记录区的第一管理信息记录区上;仅将记录在记录介质上的、具有特定属性的文件和这些文件的管理信息一起记录到管理信息记录区的第二管理信息记录区上。 17. The method of claim 13, further comprising a file recorded together with management information recording step to the management information recording area on the recording medium; recording the recording step further comprises steps of: recording on a recording medium All files and records management information of these files together on the first management information recording area management information recording area on the recording medium; only recorded on the recording medium, management information file, and these files together with specific properties management information recorded on the second recording area management information recording area.
18. 根据权利要求17所述的方法,其中:第一管理信息记录区相应于基于计算机的文件管理系统; 第二管理信息记录区相应于基于DVD视频格式的文件管理系统。 18. The method according to claim 17, wherein: the first management information recording area corresponds to a computer-based file management system; the second management information recording area corresponding to file management system based on the DVD video format.
19. 根据权利要求17所述的方法,其中:将与文件一起记录在记录介质上的管理信息记录到存储器中,并保存在那里;从保存在存储器内的管理信息中产生要记录到管理信息记录区中的管理4古自 19. The method of claim 17, wherein: the management information is recorded with the file on the recording medium is recorded into a memory and stored there; generating the management information to be recorded from the management information stored in the memory 4 from ancient records management area
20. 根据权利要求13所述的方法,其中,格式转换了的文件是基于MPEG 的文件。 20. The method according to claim 13, wherein the file format conversion based on the MPEG file.
21. 根据权利要求13所述的方法,其中,格式转换步骤是将静止图像文件转换为基于MPEG的I图像。 21. The method according to claim 13, wherein the format converting step is to convert a still picture file of MPEG-based I picture.
22. 根据权利要求13所述的方法,其中,根据在格式转换了的文件中的图像的数量来划分要记录到节目区中的文件,以便记录到节目区中。 22. The method according to claim 13, wherein, according to the number of images in a file format conversion to divide a file to be recorded to the program area, for recording in the program area.
23. 根据权利要求13所述的方法,还包括将与文件一起记录的管理信息记录到记录介质上的管理信息记录区中的步骤;该记录步骤还包括如下的记录步骤:将记录在记录介质中的所有文件与文件的管理信息一起记录到记录介质上的管理信息记录区的第一管理信息记录区中;仅将格式转换了的文件与该文件的管理信息一起记录到管理信息记录区的第二管理信息记录区中。 23. The method according to claim 13, further comprising a file recorded together with management information recording step to the management information recording area on the recording medium; the recording step further comprises the step of recording: the recording medium recording management information for all files in the file together with the first management information recording area management information recording area on the recording medium; only the file format conversion and recording the file management information together with the management information recording area the second management information recording area.
24.根据权利要求23所述的方法,其中:将与格式转换了的文件一起记录在记录介质上的管理信息记录到存储器中,并保存在那里;从保存在存储器内的管理信息中产生要记录到管理信息记录区中的管理信息。 24. The method according to claim 23, wherein: converting the recording format along with management information on the recording medium is recorded into a memory and stored there; generated from the management information to be stored in the memory records management information to the management information recording area.
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