CH201567A - Combustion system for burning wood, coal, etc. - Google Patents

Combustion system for burning wood, coal, etc.

Info

Publication number
CH201567A
CH201567A CH201567DA CH201567A CH 201567 A CH201567 A CH 201567A CH 201567D A CH201567D A CH 201567DA CH 201567 A CH201567 A CH 201567A
Authority
CH
Switzerland
Prior art keywords
combustion
fuel
coal
combustion system
air
Prior art date
Application number
Other languages
German (de)
Inventor
Verwo Aktiengesellschaft
Original Assignee
Verwo Ag
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Verwo Ag filed Critical Verwo Ag
Publication of CH201567A publication Critical patent/CH201567A/en

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23BMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR COMBUSTION USING ONLY SOLID FUEL
    • F23B80/00Combustion apparatus characterised by means creating a distinct flow path for flue gases or for non-combusted gases given off by the fuel
    • F23B80/04Combustion apparatus characterised by means creating a distinct flow path for flue gases or for non-combusted gases given off by the fuel by means for guiding the flow of flue gases, e.g. baffles
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23BMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR COMBUSTION USING ONLY SOLID FUEL
    • F23B10/00Combustion apparatus characterised by the combination of two or more combustion chambers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23BMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR COMBUSTION USING ONLY SOLID FUEL
    • F23B5/00Combustion apparatus with arrangements for burning uncombusted material from primary combustion
    • F23B5/04Combustion apparatus with arrangements for burning uncombusted material from primary combustion in separate combustion chamber; on separate grate
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23BMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR COMBUSTION USING ONLY SOLID FUEL
    • F23B50/00Combustion apparatus in which the fuel is fed into or through the combustion zone by gravity, e.g. from a fuel storage situated above the combustion zone
    • F23B50/02Combustion apparatus in which the fuel is fed into or through the combustion zone by gravity, e.g. from a fuel storage situated above the combustion zone the fuel forming a column, stack or thick layer with the combustion zone at its bottom
    • F23B50/04Combustion apparatus in which the fuel is fed into or through the combustion zone by gravity, e.g. from a fuel storage situated above the combustion zone the fuel forming a column, stack or thick layer with the combustion zone at its bottom the movement of combustion air and flue gases being substantially transverse to the movement of the fuel

Landscapes

  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Combustion & Propulsion (AREA)
  • Thermal Sciences (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Solid-Fuel Combustion (AREA)

Description

  

      Fenerungsanlage    zur Verbrennung von Holz, Hohle     etc.       Gegenstand der vorliegenden Erfindung  ist eine     Feuerungsanlage    zur Verbrennung  von Holz, Kohle     etc.     



  Bei den bisher allgemein üblichen     Feue-          rungsanlagen    zur Verbrennung von Holz,  Kohle     etc.    wurde der Brennstoff im Feuer  raum selbst über einem die Luftzufuhr     er-          möglicbenden    Rost verbrannt und Brennstoff  zum Unterhalt des Feuers und später auf  die bestehende Glut nachgelegt.

   Diese     Feue-          rungsanlagen    haben aber den Nachteil, dass  in relativ kurzen Zeitabständen Brennstoff  nachgefüllt werden muss, und dass dem frisch  aufgelegten Brennstoff gewöhnlich in unge  nügendem Masse Luft zugeführt wird, was  eine unvollständige Verbrennung mit     Rauch-          und        Russbildung    zur Folge hat.  



  Durch die     Feuerungsanlage    gemäss der  vorliegenden Erfindung sollen diese Nach  teile behoben werden.  



  Die Erfindung besteht darin, dass dieselbe  mindestens einen vom Feuerraum getrenn  ten, oben abschliessbaren Brennstoffbehälter  aufweist, in welchem die     Vorverbrennung       des Brennstoffes stattfindet, von dem aus  die Heizgase unter dem Einfluss des     Kamin-          zuges    in den Feuerraum gelangen, wo sie  praktisch vollkommen verbrennen.  



  Dadurch wird, abgesehen von der prak  tisch vollkommenen Verbrennung des Brenn  stoffes, erreicht, dass der     _    Nachschub dessel  ben im Behälter selbsttätig erfolgt, woraus  sich eine konstante Feuerintensität bei ge  ringer Überwachung des Feuers ergibt.  



  Auf den beiliegenden Zeichnungen sind  drei Ausführungsbeispiele des Erfindungs  gegenstandes je in einem Längsschnitt dar  gestellt, und zwar zeigt:       Fig.    1 die prinzipielle Ausbildung einer       Feuerungsanlage    gemäss der Erfindung,       Fig.    2 einen Futterkocher und       Fig.    3 einen Waschherd.  



  Die     Feuerungsanlage    nach     Fig.    1 weist  einen oben verschliessbaren, seitlich des Feuer  raumes 1 angeordneten Behälter 2 auf, in  welchem die     Vorverbrennung    stattfindet. Im  untern Teil des Behälters 2 findet bei 3 der  Eintritt der Luft von der Seite her statt.      Unter dem     tin$uss    des Kaminzuges gelangen  die bei der     Vorverbrennung    entwickelten Heiz  gase vom Behälter 2 in den Feuerraum 1,  um dort praktisch vollkommen zu verbren  nen. Die Pfeile deuten die Strömungsrich  tung der Frischluft respektive der Beiz- und  Abgase an. 4 zeigt den zu heizenden Kessel.  



       Fig.    2 zeigt den Zutritt der Luft in den  Behälter von der Seite bei 3 und von unten  bei 5 her, wobei die Luft gleichzeitig zur  teilweisen Kühlung des     Brennstoffbebälters     dient und dabei vorgewärmt wird.  



  Gemäss     Fig.    3 ist ein     Zusatzluftzutritt     von oben her bei 6 vorgesehen, wobei eine  noch intensivere Kühlung des Brennstoffbe  hälters stattfindet.



      Fenerungsanlage for burning wood, cave etc. The subject of the present invention is a furnace for burning wood, coal etc.



  In the previously common firing systems for burning wood, coal, etc., the fuel in the firebox itself was burned over a grate enabling the air supply and fuel was added to maintain the fire and later on the existing embers.

   However, these firing systems have the disadvantage that fuel has to be refilled at relatively short intervals and that the freshly placed fuel is usually insufficiently supplied with air, which results in incomplete combustion with smoke and soot formation.



  By the combustion system according to the present invention, this should be remedied after parts.



  The invention consists in that the same has at least one fuel tank that is separated from the furnace and can be locked at the top, in which the pre-combustion of the fuel takes place, from which the heating gases reach the furnace under the influence of the chimney draft, where they burn practically completely.



  As a result, apart from the practically perfect combustion of the fuel, it is achieved that the fuel is replenished automatically in the container, which results in a constant fire intensity with little monitoring of the fire.



  On the accompanying drawings, three embodiments of the subject invention are each provided in a longitudinal section, namely: Fig. 1 shows the basic design of a furnace according to the invention, Fig. 2 a feed cooker and Fig. 3 a washing stove.



  The furnace according to Fig. 1 has a top closable, laterally of the fire chamber 1 arranged container 2, in which the pre-combustion takes place. In the lower part of the container 2, at 3, the air enters from the side. The heating gases developed during the pre-combustion get from the container 2 into the combustion chamber 1 in order to be practically completely burned there. The arrows indicate the direction of flow of the fresh air or the pickling and exhaust gases. 4 shows the boiler to be heated.



       2 shows the entry of air into the container from the side at 3 and from below at 5, the air simultaneously serving to partially cool the fuel container and being preheated in the process.



  According to Fig. 3, an additional air inlet is provided from above at 6, with an even more intensive cooling of the fuel container takes place.

 

Claims (1)

PATENTANSPRUCH: Feuerungsanlage zur Verbrennung von Holz, Kohle etc., dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass sie mindestens einen vom Feuerraum getrennten, oben abschliessbaren Brennstoff behälter aufweist, in welchem die Vorver- brennung des Brennstoffes stattfindet, von dem aus die Heizgase unter dem Einfluss des Kaminzuges in den Feuerraum gelangen, wo sie praktisch vollkommen verbrennen. UNTERANSPRtrCHE: 1. Feuerungsanlage nach Patentanspruch, da durch gekennzeichnet, dass der Brennstoff behälter seitlich des Feuerraumes ange ordnet ist. PATENT CLAIM: Firing system for the combustion of wood, coal, etc., characterized in that it has at least one fuel tank that is separate from the combustion chamber and can be locked at the top, in which the pre-combustion of the fuel takes place, from which the heating gases under the influence of the chimney draft in get to the furnace where they burn practically completely. SUBClaims: 1. Combustion system according to patent claim, characterized in that the fuel container is arranged to the side of the combustion chamber. 2. Feuerungsanlage nach Patentanspruch und Unteranspruch 1, dadurch gekennzeichnet, dass der Brennstoffbehälter seitlich mit einer Öffnung für den Zutritt der Ver brennungsluft versehen ist. 3. Feuerungsanlage nach Patentanspruch und Unteransprüchen 1 und 2, dadurch ge kennzeichnet, dass der Brennstoffbehälter ausserdem mit einer Öffnung für den Zu tritt von Verbrennungsluft von unten her versehen ist. 4. Feuerungsanlage nach Patentanspruch und Unteransprüchen 1 bis 3, gekennzeichnet durch den Zutritt von Sekundärluft zu den Heizgasen von oben her. 2. Firing system according to claim and dependent claim 1, characterized in that the fuel tank is provided with an opening for the access of the combustion air on the side. 3. Firing system according to claim and dependent claims 1 and 2, characterized in that the fuel container is also provided with an opening for the combustion air to occur from below. 4. Combustion system according to claim and dependent claims 1 to 3, characterized by the access of secondary air to the heating gases from above.
CH201567D 1937-12-02 1937-12-02 Combustion system for burning wood, coal, etc. CH201567A (en)

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CH201567T 1937-12-02

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CH201567A true CH201567A (en) 1938-12-15

Family

ID=4442837

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CH201567D CH201567A (en) 1937-12-02 1937-12-02 Combustion system for burning wood, coal, etc.

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CH (1) CH201567A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1981002619A1 (en) * 1980-03-07 1981-09-17 Lindstroem Ab Olle Furnace
US4944286A (en) * 1989-10-02 1990-07-31 Millington Richard S Immersible water heater
WO2015176620A1 (en) * 2014-05-23 2015-11-26 车战斌 Solid fuel combustion method and combustion device
WO2015176619A1 (en) * 2014-05-23 2015-11-26 车战斌 Solid fuel combustion method, combustion device, and ignition method therefor

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1981002619A1 (en) * 1980-03-07 1981-09-17 Lindstroem Ab Olle Furnace
US4944286A (en) * 1989-10-02 1990-07-31 Millington Richard S Immersible water heater
WO2015176620A1 (en) * 2014-05-23 2015-11-26 车战斌 Solid fuel combustion method and combustion device
WO2015176619A1 (en) * 2014-05-23 2015-11-26 车战斌 Solid fuel combustion method, combustion device, and ignition method therefor

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