CA2893274A1 - World's first underground sea hydropower plant (krishna's syringe method) - Google Patents

World's first underground sea hydropower plant (krishna's syringe method) Download PDF

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Publication number
CA2893274A1
CA2893274A1 CA2893274A CA2893274A CA2893274A1 CA 2893274 A1 CA2893274 A1 CA 2893274A1 CA 2893274 A CA2893274 A CA 2893274A CA 2893274 A CA2893274 A CA 2893274A CA 2893274 A1 CA2893274 A1 CA 2893274A1
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Prior art keywords
sea
power
produce
syringe
hydropower
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CA2893274A
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French (fr)
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Srinivasan Krishnamoorthy
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Srinivasan Krishnamoorthy
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Priority to CA2893274A priority Critical patent/CA2893274A1/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B9/00Water-power plants; Layout, construction or equipment, methods of, or apparatus for, making same
    • E02B9/08Tide or wave power plants
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B17/00Other machines or engines
    • F03B17/005Installations wherein the liquid circulates in a closed loop ; Alleged perpetua mobilia of this or similar kind
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B17/00Other machines or engines
    • F03B17/02Other machines or engines using hydrostatic thrust
    • F03B17/04Alleged perpetua mobilia
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03CPOSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT ENGINES DRIVEN BY LIQUIDS
    • F03C1/00Reciprocating-piston liquid engines
    • F03C1/26Reciprocating-piston liquid engines adapted for special use or combined with apparatus driven thereby
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/30Energy from the sea, e.g. using wave energy or salinity gradient

Abstract

It is the world's first dam less underground sea hydropower plant to produce any amount of hydropower (MW) from SEA (14) 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. It comprises a Turbine-Generator (11) installed below seashore (underground) 16 to produce electricity and a giant syringe (5), a hydraulic press (1), a simple or compound pulley (3), a suitable Load (27), a rope (26) and an automatic Locomotive or a Crane 15 to discharge the waste seawater back to SEA
(14). SEA (14) is our reservoir and we can tap (produce) trillions and trillions of stored potential energy (MW or TW or PW electricity) in the entire SEA (Ocean) 14.
Seawater is our natural resource (fuel) in my method. Researchers say our finite natural resources like uranium, thorium, coal, oil, natural gas will be depleted (removed) from earth within 150 years. Since we can extract any amount of electricity from SEA (14) for our needs we can close the air polluting nuclear, thermal , coal , oil, or natural gas power plants. We do not need wind power, solar power, tidal power, wave power, biogas power, biomass power, geothermal power, Osmotic power, OTEC power, or any other power plants any more. We can use the electricity produced in our plant in electrolysis method to produce hydrogen gas or synthetic fuel to run the vehicles. We can produce desalinated water for drinking or agriculture.

Description

DESCRIPTION: - /-FIELD OF STUDY (INVENTION):
My method is related to produce hydropower from SEA 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. My method is related to POWER ENGINEERING (Electrical Engineering).
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION:
There have been many attempts to harness the energy from the SEA for electrical generation.
These methods need huge investments to produce electricity from SEA. We can produce electricity from SEA using my simple methods. Seawater is our natural resource (fuel) in my method to produce electricity. Wind power or solar power are not continuously available 24 hours a day 365 days a year and in tropical countries due to hot summer water is evaporated in DAMS and they cannot produce electricity during summer seasons. In my novel method we can produce any amount of electricity 24 hours a day 365 days a year. We need not build a DAM in this method and we save 70 % investment costs. We can build office buildings and Transformer stations underground to protect the plant from Tsunami and Hurricane. We can produce hydropower 2 places in my method and we can make lot of money. In my method only a fraction of profit money is spent to operate the Automatic Locomotives.
The only advantage in my method is to have more horse power we can add additional Automatic Locomotives .We can apply my method in Pumped Storage Hydropower Plants to produce hydropower 24 hours a day 365 days a year. In my method hydropower is produced below seashore (underground) for the first time in the world. There are trillions and trillions of stored (potential) energy GW or TW electricity in the entire SEA (Ocean) and we can extract any amount of energy (electricity) from SEA for our consumption. We need a TECHNOLOGY to extract that energy (electricity) from SEA (Ocean) and my method is developed to extract the energy from SEA 24 HOURS A DAY, 365 DAYS A YEAR. Since we can produce large amount of hydropower from SEA (14) we can close down the nuclear, thermonuclear, thermal power plants. We can save and keep uranium, thorium, and coal and use for some other purposes.
We can close down the oil and natural gas operated power plants and save oil and natural gas. We can prevent these power producing plants from polluting the atmosphere. We can use the hydropower generated in our method in electrolysis process to produce hydrogen fuel (hydrogen gas or synthetic fuel) to run our vehicles and prevent polluting the atmosphere by using gasoline in vehicles. Since we do not need oil or shale oil or sand oil we can stop producing ethanol from corn (to mix with oil) and save corn for food.
We can stop extracting methane hydrate from seabed and prevent pollution.

s-) BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS. ______________ FIG-1A Illustrates how we can produce hydropower 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.
FIG-1B Illustrates how we can produce hydropower second time in the same method.
FIG-2 Illustrates how we can discharge the wastewater in the syringe barrel (5) using a hydraulic piston at the bottom of the syringe barrel (5) as shown.
FIG-3 Illustrates how we can produce hydropower from SEA (14) and how we can discharge it using an Automatic Locomotive moving forward and backward.
FIG-4 Illustrates how we can produce more hydropower in my method. In this method we can produce large amount of hydropower.
FIG-5 Illustrates to have more horse power when needed how we can add additional Automatic Locomotives to compress the wastewater in the syringe barrel (6) and send it back to SEA(14).
FIG-6 Illustrates how hydropower is produced in my method. The wastewater is compressed and sent back to SEA (14) as shown in FIG-1A and FIG-1B.
FIG-7 Illustrates how we can produce more hydropower by installing several Turbine-Generators (11) below seashore 16 (underground) as shown. In this method we can produce any amount (MW) of hydropower for our needs.
FIG-B Illustrates how we can use giant CRANES (15) to discharge the wastewater in the syringe barrel (5) back to SEA (14) as shown. We can also he Pump Jacks in this Method (not shown).
FIG-9 Illustrates how we can design a giant syringe piston (6) to discharge the wastewater back to SEA (14).
FIG-10 Illustrates how we can move the Load (27) and the syringe piston (6) which is connected to the rope (26) smoothly up or doWn*Passing through pipes (9) as shown.
FIG-11A: Illustrates how my method works through an example as shown.
FIG-1113: Illustrates how we can discxharge the wastewater in a different way (method).

FIG-12: Illustrates the diagrammatic view f the drawing. It shows how we can produce electricity and =
discharge the wastewater back to SEA (14) using SHIPYARD Cranes or Giant HYDRAULIC Presses.
FIG43: Illustrates schematic view of the multi (wastewater) dischatge method.
,= . = -FIG-14: Illustrates how we can produce hydropower from SEA 14 using a hydraulic press land syringe.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS:
Part name and number:
1. Weight lifting Hydraulic Press 2.Hydraulic piston 3. Simple pulley or compound pulley 4.Hydraulic Oil &Syringe or multi barrel Syringe _ 6. Syringe Piston =
7. Discharge Pipe 8. Water Tank 9. Pipe 10. Penstock 11Turbine-Generator (underground). 12. Turbine-Generator (Ground).
11 Floodgate 14. SEA (Reservoir). 15. Automatic Locomotive or CRANE or Pump jack 16. UNDERGROUND (Below seashore) 17. SEASHORE
18. Roof 19. Valve or Valve A or Valve B
20. Draft Tube 21. Over flow pipe 22. Outlet pipe 23. GROUND =
24. EARTH
25. Waste sea water 26. Rope 27. LOAD (weight) 28. Plunger 29. Wheels 30.End Stop 31. Rubber and sponge insulation (Seal) 32. Shaft or rod 33. SEABED . 34) GIANT VERTICAL TANK

, _ -FIG-1A: illustrates how we can produce hydropower from SEA (14) 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.
HoVir itWorks.
WORLD'S FIRST UNDERGROUND SEA HYDROPOWER PLANT (KRISHNA'S
SYRINGE METHOD). FIG-1A
It is the world's first dam less underground sea hydropower plant to produce any amount of (MW) hydropower 24 hours a day 365 days a year from SEA (14).
STEP-1: When floodgate (13) is opened sea water flows down through a penstock (10) to the underground (16) installed Turbine-Generators (11) to spin and to produce hydropower 24 ' hours a day 365 days a year. The generated electricity is then sent to long distances through Transformers and Power Lines (not shown). The plant is fully AUTOMATED.
STEP-2: After producing electricity the waste sea water is collted into a giant water tank (8) and then discharged into a giant vertically installed syringe (5). The water tank is attached with several syringes (5) by outlet pipes (22) (not shown) and each outlet pipe: has valves (19) and hydraulic presses. The weight lifting hydraulic presses (1) shaft or rod (32) moves up and down automatically.
METHOD-1:To begin the operation when the syringe barrel (5) is full dose the outlet pipe valve-A (19) and Valve-8 (19). Now operate the hydraulic presses (1). The hydraulic presses shaft (32) first moves down from the top to move the syringe piston (6) and the load (27) down which are attached together to compress the wastewater in the syringe barrel (5) and send it back to SEA (14) as shown.When the syringe barrel (5) is empty move the hydraulic presses shaft (32) up for the next discharge operation. When the hydraulic presses shaft (32) touch the end stops (30) now open the outlet pipe valve-A (19) to discharge the wastewater again to fill up the barrel. When the syringe barrel is full now move (down from the fp' p) the hydraulic shaft (32) and the syringe piston to compress the wastewater in the syringe barrel to send it back to SEA (14). When the syringe barrel is empty move the hydraulic shaft (32) and the syringe piston (6) up for the next discharge operation."Now open the Valve-19A(5) to fill up the syringe barrel (5). When syringe barrel is full close the valve 19A and compress the wastewater to send it back to SEA. REPEAT these operations again and again to discharge the wastewater back to SEA (14) continuously and to produce hydropower continuously 24 hours a day 365 days a year. This method is based on hydraulic presses working in a garage (car repair shop) to lift the cars up and down for repair p urposes:The same principle is applied to move down the syringe piston (6) to compress the wastewater and send it back to SEA (14) or move the syringe piston (6) up for the next discharge operation. We can use other syringes (not shown) to discharge the wastewater back to SEA 14.To calculate power generated in the _ _ method we can Use the formula POWER (KW) = 9.8 x water flow rate in m3/s x watr head in meters x Efficiency (95%). We have to design the syringe size (5), choose the right load (27) and design the right hydraulic presses (1) through Research &Development according to the plant capacity, METHOD-2: Wastewater can be discharged at the bottom of the syringe barrel (shown) and can be compressed and discharged back to SEA (14). The outlet pipe (22) connecting the bottom of the syringe barrel (5) and the water tank (8) has a valve-B (19) to open and close. When the syringe barrel is full close the valve-B (19) and Valve-A (19) now move down (from the top) the load (27) and the syringe piston (6) using hydraulic presses (10 shaft (32) to compress the wastewater in the syringe barrel (5) and send it back to SEA (14). When the syringe barrel is empty open the valve-B (19) and move the load (27) and the syringe piston (6) up for the next discharge operation. REPEAT these operation again and again to send the wastewater back to SEA (14) and to produce electricity continuously 24 hours a day 365 days a year.
FIG-1B: Illustrates how we can produce extra hydropower by installing a wate tank (8) above ground and installing a Turbine-Generator (12) on the ground (23) as shown. We can install several Turbine-Generators (12) on the gtbund (not shown) and produce more hydropower and make lot of profit. The working principle is same as FIG-1A.
FIG-2: Illustrates how we can produce hydropower from SEA (14) and discharge the wastewater back sea (14).
STEP-1:
When floodgate (13) is opened seawater flows down through a penstock (10) to the underground installed Turbine-Generators (11) to spin and to produce hydropower. The generated hydropower is sent to long distances through Transformers and Power Unes (not shown).
= STEP-2:
The wastewater is discharged into an underground installed giant syringe barrel (6) through draft tube (20). The draft tube has a valve (19). To begin the operation close the draft tube (20) valve (19) and move the syringe piston (6) up by using a giant hydraulic press (1) piston
(2) as shown. When the syringe piston (6) moves up the wastewater in the syringe barrel 95) is compressed and sent back to SEA (14) through a discharge pipe (7) . When the syringe barrel is empty now move down the syringe piston (6) to touch the bottom of the syringe barrel (5) for the next discharge operation. When the syringe piston 6 touches the syringe barrel bottom now open the draft tube valve (19) to fill the syringe barrel (5). When the syringe barrel 95) is full close the draft tube valve (19) again. Now move the syringe piston (6) up by using a hydraulic press (1). The syringe piston moves up and compresses the wastewater in the syringe barrel (5) and send it back to SEA (14) again.
REPEAT these operations again and again to compress and send the wastewater back to SEA (14) to produce hydropower continuously 24 hours a day 365 days a year. When the first syringe barrel (shown) is full divert the wastewater to flow into a second syringe barrel 5 (not shown). We can use the second syringe (5) and a hydraulic press 1 (not shown) to discharge the wastewater quickly back to SEA (14). The bottom of the plunger (28) is insulated with rubber (31) to prevent water leaking outside from the barrel (5).
' FIG-3: Illustrates how we can produce electricity and send (discharge) the wastewater back to SEA (14) continuously. The plant is fully automated. How it works is explained below.
When floodgate (13) is opened seawater flows down through a penstock (10) to the underground 16 (below seashore) installed Turbine-Generator (11) to spin the Turbine and to produce hydropower continuously. After producing electricity the wastewater is discharged into a first syringe barrel (5) through the draft tube (20) as shown. The draft tube has two valves valve-A and valve-B. To begin the operation close the draft tube valve-A (19A) when the first syringe barrel (5) is full and now open the draft tube valve-B (19B) to flow the wastewater into the second syringe barrel (5) as shown. Now move the automatic Locomotive (15) forward to move down the Load (27) and the syringe piston (6) which are connected together to compress the wastewater in the first syringe barrel (5) and send it back to SEA (14) through a discharge pipe (7). The Load 27 (weight) and the syringe piston (6) which are connected together is connected with a rope (26) and the rope (26) is connected to the front side of the automatic Locomotive (15) as shown. When the automatic Locomotive moves forward the load (27) and the syringe piston (6) moves down and the wastewater in the first syringe barrel (5) is compressed and sent back to SEA (14) through a discharge pipe (7). When the first syringe barrel (5) is empty lift the load (27) and the syringe piston (6) up by moving the Locomotive (15) backwards. Now the second syringe barrel (5)is already filled with wastewater, close the draft tube valve-B and open the draft tube valve-A
to flow the wastewater into the first syringe barrel (5) again.. When the Locomotive (15) moves backward the load (27) and the syringe piston (6) which are connected together moves down in the second syringe barrel (6) and compresses the wastewater in the second syringe barrel (6) to send it back to SEA (14) through a discharge pipe (7) as shown. The rope (26) on one side is connected the load (27) and the syringe piston (6) passes over a simple or compound pulley (3) and is connected the backside of the Locomotive (15). When the second syringe barrel (5) is empty open the draft tube valve-B to flow the wastewater into the second syringe barrel (6). Now the first syringe barrel is already full, close the draft tube valve-A
(19A) and move the Locomotive forward to compress the wastewater in the first syringe barrel 95) and send it back to SEA (14). REPEAT these operations are again and again to discharge the wastewater back to SEA (14) and to produce the hydropower continuously 24 hours a day 365 days a year. In this method both forward and backward movements of the Locomotive is utilized. The automatic Locomotive moves itself automatically forward and backward. We can produce extra hydropower in this method by installing an above ground water tank (8) and a ground Turbine-Generator 11 (not shown). We have to design the syringe (5) size, discharge pipe (7) size, choosing a right Load 27 (weight) and the right horse power Locomotives according to the underground sea hydropower capacity. Only a fraction of profit money is used to operate the Locomotives (15). We can apply this method for large scale underground sea\
hydropower plants. The underground hydropower has a roof (18) to protect the plant during rainy seasons.

¨
FIG-4: Illustrates how we can iSPOduce more hydropower in the same method.
Underground sea hydropower plant (FIG-4) (AUTOMATED PLANT).
How it works:
STEP-1: It is the world's first underground sea hydropower plant to produce any amount of (MW) hydropower 24 hours a day 365 days a year from SEA (14). When floodgate (13) is opened seawater is discharged first into a below ground installed giant water tank (8) and then flows down through a penstock (101 to the underground 16 (below seashore) installed Turbine-Generators (11) to spin and to produce electricity. The generated electricity is then sent to long distances through Transformers and Power Lines (not shown).
STEP-2: WASTEWATER IS DISCHARGED BACK TO SEA BY PRESSURE METHOD
USING A LOAD (WEIGHT) AND SYRINGE.
After producing electricity the waste sea water is discharged into a underground (16) installed water tank (8). There are 3 Turbine-Generators are installed underground and we can install any number of Turbine-Generators (11) underground (16) if we want for the plant capacity. The discharged wastewater is then discharged into a syringe barrel (5). The syringe piston (6) is attached with a load (27) and then both are attached with a rope (26) and the rope (26) passes over a simple pulley or compound pulley (3). The ROPE (26) is finally connected to an AUTOMATIC LOCOMOTIVE (15). To beginithe operation let us open the underground water tank (8) _ _ (8) outlet pipe valve (19) and allow wastewater to fill up the syringe barrel (5),,,When the syringe barrel is full close the valve (19). Now move the automatic Locomotive forward to move down the load and the syringe piston to compress the wastewater in the syringe barrel and discharge it into the above ground installed water tank (8) as shown. Now the water flows down through second penstock (10) to the underground installed second Turbirk.-Generator to spin and to produce hydropower. The wastewater is discharged again into an underground water tank (8). Now discharge the wastewater again into the above ground water tank using second automatic Locomotive (15), load and *ton, rope, a compound pulley (not shown). Now the wastewater flows down through a third penstock (10) to the underground installed third Turbine-Generator to spin and to produce hydropower third time in the same method. Now discharge the wastewater again into the above ground water tank (8) using third automatic Locomotive (15), load (27) and syringe piston (6), a rope ( 26), a compound pulley 3 (not shown). REPEAT these operations again and again to discharge wastewater into the above ground water tank and to produce electricity continuously 24 hours a day 365 days a year. Use the formula to calculate the power generated in this method PrAVEMICN)=-waterflow-raterirr rft3/s-x-exaterheadirrmeters-ar efficiency (95'6). Ovitra traction of money earned in selling elPctricity is used to operate the Locomotives.

e I
- ¨
FIG-5 Illustrates how we can add more Automatic Locomotives to have more horse power that can be applied on the syringe piston (6) when needed to compress the wasttilliater in the syringe barrel and send it back to sea.
FIG-6: Illustrates how my method works. When flood gate is opened sea water is brought to a below ground water tank (8) by a pipe (9) as shown in the drawing. When the valve (19) is opened the sea water flows down through a penstock (10) to the underground (16) installed Turbine-Generators (11) to spin and to produce hydropower 24 hours a day 365 days a year. The generated electricity is sent to long distances through Transformers and Power Lines (not , shown). The wastewater is discharged into a giant underground water tank (8) and it is discharged back to sea (14) as shown in FIG-4, 1IG-3, FIG-1. In this method SEA is the RESERVOIR and we can tap (produce) trillions and trillions or zillions and zillions of stored potential energy (GW or TW or PW) in the entire SEA (ocean). The hydropower generated in this metholi can be used to produce hydrogen gas or synfuel in electrolysis process. The hydrogen gas or syngas can be used to drive the vehicles (without gasoline) FIG-7: Illustrates how we can produce the required electricity for our needs by installing several underground Turbine-Generators (11) as shown. This method can be also called KAMADHENU COW METHOD. In the ancient days Lord KRISHNA a Hindu God presented a holy cow whose name was KAMADHENU to one of his devotees which gave unlimited milk to any number of visitors. Like KAMADHENU COW, SEA also gives us unlimited hydropower for our needs.
FIG-8: Illustrates how we can discharge the wastewater back to sea using syringe and a giant CRANE as shown. When floodgate (13) is opened the seawater flows down through a penstock (10) to the underground (16) installed Turbine-Generators-(11) to spin the turbine and to produce electricity. The generated electricity is then sent to long distances through Transformers and Power Lines (not shown).
The wastewater after producing electricity is collected in a giant water tank (8) and then discharged into the syringe barrel (5) through outlet pipes (22). The outlet pipes(22) has valves (19) to close and open. When the syringe barrel is full close the outlet pipe valve (19) and now operate the CRANE to move down the syringe piston (6) and the load (27) which are attached together inside the syringe barrel (5) to compress the wastewater and send it back to SEA (14) through a discharge pipe (7) as shown. When the syringe barrel is empty move the load and the syringe piston up to touch the end stops (30) for next operation. Now open the outlet pipe valve (19) to fill the syringe barrel again. Once the syringe barrel is full close the valve (19) and move down the syringe piston and the load inside the syringe barrel to compress again and send the wastewater back to SEA (14) as shown.
REPEAT these operations again and again to discharge the wastewater back to SEA and to produce electricity 24 hours a day 365 days a year. To calculate the power generated in my method we can use the general formula POWER (KW) = 9.8 x water head in meters x water flow rate in m3/s x Efficiency 9.5%. The CRANE is operated by diesel engines. We spend only a fraction of profit money to operate the Automatic Locomotives or CRANES (15) FIG-9: Illustrates how we can design a syringe piston (6). The syringe piston (6) should be covered with rubber sheets and then sponges should be placed in between the syringe barrel (5) and the syringe piston (6) as shown in the drawing to move up and down smoothly.
FIG-10: Illustrates how we can move the rope (26) up and down smoothly by passing the rope (26) through metal or plastic pipes as shown in the drawing. The pipe has wheels (29) and the rope (26) passes through the wheels (29) as shown. The rope (26) is attached with an Automatic Locomotive or Crane (15) on the ground not shown and with a load (27) and syringe piston (6) which are attached together inside the syringe barrel (5) shown in the drawing.

4 =
FIG-11A: Illustrates how we can discharge the wastewater back to SEA 14 by injecting it at the bottom of a vertical tank 34 using a syringe 5. When the wastewater is discharged continuously at the bottom of the vertical tank 34, it accumulates inside the vertical tank 34 and the volume of the discharged water in the vertical tank 34 increases and it moves up freely without applying any external force and reaches the top of the vertical tank 34 and it is thrown outside as shown. This method is applied in the next drawing FIG-11B.
FIG-11B: Illustrates how the wastewater is discharged back to SEA 34 using a vertical tank 34.
STEP-1: When flood gate (13) is opened seawater is brought to a ground installed water tank (8) through a pipe 9. The tank has a penstock (10) and the penstock (10) has a valve (19) to open and close. When the valve (19) in the penstock is opened the seawater flows down through the penstock (10) to the underground 16 (below seashore) installed Turbine-Generators (11) to spin the Turbine and to produce hydropower 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. The generated hydropower is then sent to long distances through Transformers and Power Lines (not shown). This underground sea hydropower plant is fully automated.
STEP-2: After hydropower is produced the wastewater is discharged into a giant water tank (8) through the Turbine draft tube (20) and the wastewater then discharged into a giant syringe barrel (5) through the outlet pipe (22). A second syringe is shown in the drawing and is connected to the Locomotive 15 or crane not shown also discharges wastewater into the vertical tank (34). The syringe discharge pipe (7) has water backflow prevention valves (19). When the syringe barrel 5 is full now we close the water tank (8) outlet pipe valves (19) and move the automatic Locomotive (15) forward to move down the Load (27) and the syringe piston (6) inside the syringe barrel (5) which are connected together to compress the wastewater and to discharge it at the bottom of a giant vertical tank (34) through several discharge pipes (7). The continuously discharged wastewater at the bottom of the vertical tank (34) accumulates inside the vertical tank (3) and moves up to the top of the vertical tank (34) without applying any external force and is collected into an over ground installed water tank (8) as shown. The wastewater then passes through a pipe (9) from the above ground water tank (8) to a ground installed second Turbine-Generated (12) to spin the Turbine to produce more hydropower in the same method . Finally the water after producing hydropower is discharged into the SEA (14). Now lift the load and the piston up by moving the Locomotive backwards for next operation.
Now open the outlet pipe valves (19) and discharge the water into the syringe barrels (5). When the barrels (5) are full, now close the outlet pipe valves (19) and move the Locomotive 15 forward tO
repeat the potation again. REPEAT these operations again and again to discharge the water; and to produce electricity. In this method we need not use long discharge pipes (7) which are attached at the bottom of the syringe barrels (5) to carry the wastewater and discharge it back to SE/t (14). In my method we can use several syringes 6 (not shown) to inject (discharge) the wasteamter into the vertical tank 34 and then discharge it back to SEA 14..This method is explained through an example in FIG-11A. We have to design the water tank (8), syringe (5), vertical tank (34), choosing a Load (27) and the right horsepower Automatic Locomotives according to the plant capacity. Use the formula to calculate the hydropower generated in this method POWER (KW) = water fibw rate in m3/s x water head in meters x Efficiency (95%).

- I
FIG-12: Illustrates how we can produce electricity and discharge the wastewater back to SEA (14) =.
using SHIPYARD Cranes (15) or Giant HYDRAULIC Presses (1).
STEP-1: When floodgate 13 is opened sea water flows down through a Penstock (10) to the underground (16) installed Turbine-Generators (11) to spin the Turbine and to produce hydropower 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. The generated electricity is then send to long distances through Transformers and Power Lines (not shown).
`STEP-2: WASTEWATER IS DISCHARGED BACK TO SEA BY PRESSURE METHOD USIND A LOAD.
After producing electricity the wastewater is discharged into a giant water tank (8) and then discharged into Giant Syringes. The water tank outlet pipe (22) has valves (19) to open and close. Each syringe barrel (5) has a Load (27) and piston (6) which are connected together as shown. To begin the operation let us close all the water tank (8) outlet pipe valves 19 when the Syringe barrels (5) are full.
Now we operate the automatic SHIPYARD CRANES (15) or GIANT HYDRAULIC PRESSES
(1) to move down the syringe Loads (27) and the syringe pistons (6) which are attached together to compress the waste seawater in the syringe barrels (5) and send it back to SEA (14). When the syringe barrels (6) are empty move the Loads (27) and the syringe pistons (6) up using the shipyard cranes (15) or hydraulic presses (1) to touch the End Stop (30) where it is stopped for the next discharge operation. Now open the water tank (8) outlet pipe valves (19) to fill up all the syringe barrels (5) with the wastewater.
When the syringe barrels are full close the outlet pipe valves (19) and operate the shipyard cranes (15) or hydraulic presses (1) to move down all syringe Loads (27) and the syringe pistons (6) to compress the wastewater and send it back to SEA (14). When the syringe barrels (5) are empty, move the Load and the syringe piston up to touch the End Stops (30) for the next discharge operation. Now open the water tank (8) outlet pipe valves (19) to fill up the syringe barrels (5) again. When the syringe barrels (5) are full close the water tank outlet pipe valves (19) and move down the Load and the syringe piston to compress the wastewater and send it back to SEA (14). REPEAT these up and down operations again and again to fill up the syringe barrels (5) and to discharge the wastewater back to SEA (14) to produce electricity continuously 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.
To calculate the hydropower generated in this method we can apply the formula POWER (KW) = 9.5 X water head in meters x water flow rate in m3/s x Efficiency (9516). We have to design the water tank (8), Penstock (10), the discharge pipe (7), syringes (5) and choose the suitable Load (27) and choose the right shipyard cranes (15) or hydraulic presses (1) for the plant capacity. In this method we can produce any amount of hydropower for our needs. Only a fraction of profit (money) is used to operate the cranes or hydraulic presses. we can produce electricity second time in this method by installing an above ground water tank (8) and Turbine-Generators (12) on the ground as shown in FIG-1B.
In this method the plant is fully automated. Only three syringes are shown in this drawing but we can add more syringes (5) if it is a large scale plant to discharge the wastewater quickly back to SEA. We can also discharge the wastewater at the bottom of the syringe barrels 5 (not shown) and discharge it back to SEA (14) as shown in FIG-1A.
FIG-13: Illustrates how we can discharge the wastewater back to SEA(14) using several outlet pipes (22) attached with the water tank (8) as shown. In this method for example if the water flow rate is 100 m3/s then we can discharge 100 m3/s wastewater back to SEA (14) at the same time.

===-=
FIG-14: illustrates how we can produce hydropower. This method how it works is explained below.
STEP-1: When flood gate (13) is opened water flows down through a penstock (10) to the underground installed Turbine-Generator (11) to spin and to produce hydropower 24 hours a day,365 days a year. In this method we can produce any amount of hydropower for our needs. The generated hydropower is then sent to long distances through Transformers and Power Lines (not shown).
STEP-2: The waste seawater is then discharged into a first syringe barrel 5 (shown). When the first syringe barrel 1 is full then divert the wastewater to flow into a second syringe barrel 5 (not shown).To begin the operation close the first draft tube (20) valve (19) and move the automatic Locomotive or a Crane (15) forward to move down the Load (27) and the hydraulic piston (2) which are connected together to compress the hydraulic oil (4) in the hydraulic press barrel 1 (big cylinder). The compressed hydraulic oil then moves the syringe (5) piston up in the first syringe barrel 5 (small cylinder) to compress the wastewater and send it back to SEA (14). When the first syringe barrel is empty move the Load (27) and the hydraulic piston (2) up by moving the automatic Locomotive (15) backwards. The load and the piston are connected with a rope (26) and the rope (26) is connected with the automatic Locomotive 15.
When the Load (27) and the hydraulic piston (2) moves up to touch the End Stop (30) where it is stopped for the next discharge operation. Now open the first draft tube valve (19) to fill up the first syringe barrel (5). After the wastewater is discharged back to SEA
the first syringe piston (6) moves back to touch the bottom of the first syringe barrel 6 by itself due its weight.
Now go to the second syringe barrel (6) which is also connected with a hydraulic press (1) and an automatic Locomotive 15 (not shown). Now close the second draft tube valve (19) and compress the wastewater in the second syringe barrel (5) using a Load (27) by moving the automatic Locomotive forward. When the second syringe barrel 5 is empty move the Load and the hydraulic piston up to touch the End Stops (30) by moving the automatic Locomotive backwards for the next discharge operation . Now open the second draft tube valve (19) to fill up the second syringe barrel 5 and now go to the first syringe barrel 5. Now close the first draft tube valve 19 and repeat the operation again to send the wastewater back to SEA (14).
REPEAT these operations again and again to discharge the wastewater back to SEA and to produce hydropower continuously 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. We have to design the syringe 5, hydraulic press 1, discharge pipe 7, choose the right Load 27, and the right horse power automatic Locomotive or Crane 15 according to the plant capacity (100 MW
or 200 MW or more MW). We can use the formula to calculate the hydropower generated in this method POWER (KW) = 9.5 X WATER FLOW RATE IN M3/S X WATER HEAD IN METERS X
Efficiency (95). Only a fraction of profit (money) is used to operate the Locomotive or CRANE 15 in this method.

- _ -aim if, -4.mm BENEFITS IN MY NOVEL METHOD.
1) Once built the underground sea hydropower plant's office buildings and power houses has a long permanent life with minimum maintenance costs. We can protect the plant from Tsunami or Hurricane attacks.
2) We need not built a DAM in this method and we save 60 to 70 % investment costs.
3) Due to corrosion problems the parts like penstocks, water tanks. Turbines, discharge pipes, Turbine draft tubes should be made from corrosion free materials.
4) In my method we can extract any amount of hydropower from SEA 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.
5) For large scale underground sea hriro plants we have to design giant syringes, hydraulic presses, giant water tanks and choose the right horse power automatic = Locomotives -. _ = __ .
6) In my method to get more hydropower we can raise the wastewater to any desired height (water head) by applying more pressure on the syringe pistons. We can make more profit and we can add more automatic Locomotives to_discharge the wastewater quickly back to SEA.
7) In this method only a fraction of profit money is used to operate the automatic Locomotives to discharge the wastewater back to SEA.
8) If we want we can make the underground sea hydropower plant fully AUTOMATED.
We need only a small group of-employees to operate the plant.
9)My method can be used in Pumped Storage Hydropower Plants to produce electricity 24 hors a day 365 days a year. Our present Pumped Storage Hydropower Plants are operating only in peak hours.
10) SEA belongs to all countries in the world. Any country can apply my novel method and produce electricity for their needs..
11) Germany's ABB has invented a new HVDC grid (Transformer) and we can use it to -_ send the electricity generated in our method to a very long (1600 miles) distance-
12) In my method instead of using automatic Locomotives we can use some other' ;
= suitable machines like AUTOMATIC PUMP JACKS, EXCAVATORS, TRACTORS, AUTOMATIC
HYDRAUUC PISTONS, TRUCKS or BUSES to move the syringe pistons forward and backwards_
13) Seawater is our natural resource to produce electricity. title do not need wind power.
clar power, wave power, tidal power, biogas power, biomass power, geothermal Dower, OTEC power, Osmosis power, Thermo nuclear power or any other power any
14) Since we can produce any amount of hydropower from SEA (14) in my method we can use the electricity to produce hydrogen fuel (hydrogen gas or synthatie fuel) in electrolysis process and we can use it to run our vehicles and prevent air pollution. We cal use the electricity in desalination plants to produce drinking water and water for agriculture purposes (irrigation) to produce food.
15) The soil removed from the underground 16 to install the T.G (11) and the water tank (8) can be -used to build a giant Pyramid type soil mountain on the ground (23). We can install water tanks on the top of the-soil mountain to have more water head above ground to-produce more hydropower.
=

Claims

CLAIM

An underground sea hydropower plant to produce hydropower 24 hours a day 365 days a year from SEA (14) COMPRISING
a) Below seashore installed Turbine-Generators of any type or capacity to produce electricity b) WATER TANK (8) installed below seashore to collect the wastewater from the turbine draft tube (20) c) Water tank (8) has several outlet pipes (22) and each outlet pipe has a valve (19) to open for water discharge into the syringe (5) barrel or to dose and prevent water flowing into the syringes(5) d) Hydraulic piston (2) is installed inside the syringe barrel (5) to compress the wastewater and send it back to SEA (14) e) SEA (14) is the reservoir to supply sea water to the underground (16) installed Turbine-Generators (11) to produce hydropower 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2019239170A1 (en) * 2018-06-11 2019-12-19 AL YAMI, Ali Hussain B Generating electricity from water and wind

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2019239170A1 (en) * 2018-06-11 2019-12-19 AL YAMI, Ali Hussain B Generating electricity from water and wind

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