CA2839054A1 - Wave energy converter plant krishna's method - Google Patents

Wave energy converter plant krishna's method Download PDF

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Publication number
CA2839054A1
CA2839054A1 CA2839054A CA2839054A CA2839054A1 CA 2839054 A1 CA2839054 A1 CA 2839054A1 CA 2839054 A CA2839054 A CA 2839054A CA 2839054 A CA2839054 A CA 2839054A CA 2839054 A1 CA2839054 A1 CA 2839054A1
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Prior art keywords
sea
power
syringe
days
underground
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Abandoned
Application number
CA2839054A
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French (fr)
Inventor
Srinivasan Krishnamoorthy
Original Assignee
Srinivasan Krishnamoorthy
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Filing date
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Application filed by Srinivasan Krishnamoorthy filed Critical Srinivasan Krishnamoorthy
Priority to CA2839054A priority Critical patent/CA2839054A1/en
Publication of CA2839054A1 publication Critical patent/CA2839054A1/en
Abandoned legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B13/00Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates
    • F03B13/06Stations or aggregates of water-storage type, e.g. comprising a turbine and a pump
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B9/00Water-power plants; Layout, construction or equipment, methods of, or apparatus for, making same
    • E02B9/08Tide or wave power plants
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B13/00Adaptations of machines or engines for special use; Combinations of machines or engines with driving or driven apparatus; Power stations or aggregates
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03BMACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS
    • F03B17/00Other machines or engines
    • F03B17/02Other machines or engines using hydrostatic thrust
    • F03B17/04Alleged perpetua mobilia
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/20Hydro energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/30Energy from the sea, e.g. using wave energy or salinity gradient
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/16Mechanical energy storage, e.g. flywheels or pressurised fluids

Abstract

It is a novel method WORLD'S FIRST UNDERGROUND WAVE ENERGY CONVERTER
DAMLESS SEA HYDROPOWER PLANT to produce any amount (MW) of hydropower 24 hours a day and 365 days a year from SEA. It comprises Turbine-Generator (s) Installed underground to produce electricity and giant syringes or multi barrel syringes hydraulic presses and Automatic Locomotives (Diesel or electric or steam) to discharge (inject) the wastewater (after producing electricity) back to SEA as shown in the drawing. In this novel method SEA
becomes a RESERVOIR and we can tap (produce) the billions and billions of stored energy (MW) in the entire SEA (ocean). We can produce the cheapest electricity in the world 2 to3 KWh for one cent U.S in this method. ft will take 6 to 12 months to construct and produce electricity in my method. We do not need oil natural gas uranium thorium coal any more. We do not need wind power solar power tidal power wave power geothermal power OTEC power or any other powerany more. My novel method is purely a green technology and will solve the present power crisis and will solve the world's power crisis for ever until the world exists.
This method also may be called as KAMADENU COW METHOD. In the olden days a HINDU
GOD LORD KRISHNA gave a holy cow to his devotee whose name was KAMADENU which gave unlimited milk to any number of visitors. Like that SEA gives us unlimited (any amount) hydropower 24 HOURS A DAY 365 DAYS A YEAR CONTINUOUSLY.

Description

las I
DESCRIPTION OF '111.E DRAWINGS:
It is a regular conventional DAM like hydroelectric power plant. We can A
understand from the the drawing itself how it works. FIG-1 is the DRAWING
for this novel method (representative drawing) and other drawing are for demonstration purpose only published to understand well about this novel method through pictures (drawing).
= BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION:
There have been many Attempts to harness the energy from sea for electrical-generation .These methods need huge investments to produce electricity. We need to.find a solution to solve the future power crisis before all our natural resources like oil uranium natural gas gasoline and coal are completely depleted from earth. My novel method to produce electricity from sea will solve the future power crisis of the world. So far the hydropower is produced above the ground by conventional DAMS but my method for the first time in the world electricityir produced below the seashore ground (underground).
My novel method opens a new chapter in the history of hydropower producing methods. We can produce any amount (MW) of hydropower from sea (ocean) continuously 24 hours a day 365 days a year. No expensive DAMS
need to be built and we save 70 It investment aOsts. We can build ffice buildings and transformer stations below the seashore ground (underground) to protect against cyclones and tsunami threats and we save more construction costs. We can Produce the cheapest electricity in the world in this novel method .We can apply this method and produce electricity within 6 months. We can apply this novel method for pumped storage hydropower plants to produce electricity continuously 24 hours a day,unlike the present pumped storage power plants-are operational during peak hours only. We can apply this novel method for rivers lakes wells or ponds to produce cheap electricity continuously 24 hours a day .This novel method to produce cheap electricity will solve the world's future power crisis forever until the world exists. =
=

¨
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
.FIG-1 A drawing is the representative drawing for my novel method Fig-lb Parts name and Fig-1 c explains how my method works FIG-10 ;Explains syringe method F1G-2 This drawing explains that my method works on the basis of a syringe method.
- A - -----FIG-3 This drawing explains HOW FIG-1 DRAWING WORKS.
A
The diagram FIG-1 itself shows how hydroelectricity is produced in my novel method. When the floodgate 13 is opened water flows down from Penstock to the underground (under seashore) installed Turbine-Generators 11 which turns ' the Turbine- generators to produce electricity continuously 24 hours a day and 365 days a year. The wastewater is collected in a big underground water tank 8 and the Wastewater is sent back to SEA 14 as shown FIG-1. In my novel method SEA becomes a RESERVOIR and we can tap (produce) billions and billions of stored (MW) energy insthe entire ocean.
FIG-4 This drawing explains a multi turbine- generators installed underground 16 to produce the required electricity for our needs.
FIG-5 This drawing explains how we can produce hydropower from underground sea hydropower plant without using a Hydraulic Presses.
FIG-6 This drawing explains that we can discharge any amount of the wastewater back to SEA using Automatic Locomotives (diesel or electric or steam) and with or without Hydraulic Presses. For example water flow rate is.
100 m3/s then we can discharge back to SEA 100 m3/s wastewater in one operation ( in one shot) as shown in the drawing.
FIG-7 This drawing explains various electric and diesel Locomotives manufactured by GE COMPANY IN U.S.
1. GE DIESEL LOCOMOTOVE. F1G-7 A
MODEL U36CG 3600 Horse Power (2680 KW) a) 5000 gallon diesel tank capacity b) 5000 Ton pressure can be applied on any thing.

c) 110 km/h speed.
d) 330 KM range.
2. GE ELECTRIC LOCOMOTIVE: FIG-7 B and 7-C GE Locomotives different Models.
a) Model E60C 4.5 MW
b) Model E6OCH/C60CP (AMTRACK) 4.5 MW
c) Model 8500 HP GTEL-8500 HP 6.3 MW Gas Turbine Locomotive FIG-8 This drawing explains how we can design a GIANT SYRINGE OR Multi Barrel Syringe for the underground sea hydropower plant.
AN EXAMPLE
Length = 200 Meters Radius = 10 Meters VOLUME = 62000 m3 For example let us say water flow rate is 1000 m3/s and water head is 100 Meters.
POWER IN KW = 10 x water flow in m3/s x water head in meters Power in KW =10 x 1000 x 100 x 1000000 KW (1000 MW) So the water flow rate is 1000 m3/s and we have to design a giant multi barrel syringe which can hold 60000 m3 water (one minute discharge) capacity syringe barrels as shown in the drawing. We can design any number of such giant syringes for the underground sea hydropower plant capacity and we can send back the discharged wastewater back to SEA immediately.
FIG-9 This drawing explains that we can add additional Automatic Locomotives as shown in the drawing for large scale underground sea hydropower plants where we have to discharge large volume of wastewater back to,SEA. A U36 CG
GE Locomotive Model has 5000 ton pressure capacity and if we add one more GE U36 CG Model Locomotive we have now 10000 ton pressure that can be applied on the syringe pistons.
FIG-10 This drawing explains how to calculate the needed pressure to be applied on syringe pistons.

, 1) In this novel method we have to calculate the weight of the water column in the discharge pipe of the syringe. Let us say the wastewater discharge pipe height is 100 meters and diameter is 1 meter then the volume is 310 m3 and the weight of the water in the discharge pipe is 310 Tons. Now we have to apply 4 times the weight of the water column in the discharge pipe on the syringe piston (s) 310 x 4 = 1240 Ton pressure to be appliero on syringe 'piston to discharge the wastewater back to SEA. When pr-..-.-ssure is applied continuously on the syringe piston the wastewater is discharged continuously back to SEA.
2) This drawing FIG710 explains that we have to calculate the area of the discharge pipe. For example the discharge pipe Length is =100 Meters a'nd Radius is I Meter. At 100 meters height (300) it needs 132 LBS per square inch (PSI) see the chart-next page. For 40071 square inch (AREA) then 4007.1. x 55 kg (132 LES PSI) = 221396 KG or 221.4 ton pressure ' SHOULD BE APPLIED ON THE SYRINGE'S PISTON by an Automatic LOCOMTIVE edetric or diesel or steam . A GE E60C Model (6000HP) z consumes 4.5 MW or GE Model U36CG 3600 HP Diesel Locomotive has 5000 Ton (PRESSURE) pushing and pulling power (force). We can use = these Locomotives to push forward and pull backward the syringe pistons and discka4e the wastewater back to SEA. These calculations is an example how we can calculate the needed pressure to be applied on the = syringe pistons USING THE PRESSURE CHART FIG-10 B
HG-11 This drawing explains how to calculate the operational cost of Locomotive (Example only) 1) ELECTRIC LOCOMOTIVE OPERATIONAL COSTS
If we use an automatic Locomotive with 3MW power for a 1000 MW underground sea hydro power plant, per day it will cost (2kwh for one cent U.S ) 360 U.S dollars and for 6 days it will cost 2160 U.S
dollars. It is cheaper to operate an electric Locomotive than a diesel Locomotive. It is better to use an automatic electric-Locomotive-because we can obtain electricity from the underground sea hydropower plant itself.

,====57=00 2) AUTOMATIC DIESEL LOCOMOTIVE OPERATIONAL COST
For example if the Syringe length is 50 meters then the diesel Locomotive has to move So meters forward and 50 meters backward and for 5 minutes let us say it completes 2 full operations ( forward and backward movement is calculated as one operation) and for one hour it completes 24 operations and for 24 hours a day it completes 576 operations. For one full operation the diesel Locomotive has to move 50 meters forward and 50 meters backwards to a total distance of 100 meters. Now for 576 operations the diesel Locomotive moves 576 x 100 M = 57600 METERS (57.6 KM). The diesel Locomotive has a range of 330 KM. It has a 5000 capacity diesel tank. So we can operate the diesel Locomotive approximately 6 days. If one gallon diesel is 4 U.S dollars 5000 gallon diesel costs 5000 x 4 = 20000 U.S dollars. If we sell one lcwh electricity for 10 cents U.S then for 6 days we are selling 14.4 M1LUON U.S DOLLARS if we produce 1000 MW.
_ (Continued next page) =
416.6 FIG-12 This drawing explains how the wastewater can be send back to SEA from underground using a hydraulic press syringe and an Automatic Locomotive. We can produce extra hydropower as shown in the drawing FIG-12.
FIG-13 This drawing also explains how we discharge the wastewater back to SEA

14) This drawing explains how wastewater can be discharged back to SEA using ,With or without hydraulic presses and Multi Barrel Syringes ,15) This drawing explains how wastewater is discharged back to SEA without qing hydraulic presses. =
F(G1 -16) Tha drawing explains how wastewater can be discharged back to SEA both ways moving an Automatic Locomotive forward and backwards. In this method we can quickly discharge any amount of discharged wastewater back to SEA.

17) FIG-A EXPLAINS USING A MULTI TUBE SYRINGE AS SHOWN IN THE DRAWING
how we can quickly discharge the wastewater back to SEA. FIG-17 B explains with wheels we can easily move the syringe piston forward and-backwards.
F
18) This drawing explains how we can quickly discharge any amount of wastewater back to SEA at one shot or at one operation (moving Automatic Locomotive forward once) =
Fi6/
19) This drawing explains how a syringe works double way (forward and backward) to discharge the wastewater back to SEA as shown.
Wheii *Ow A is opened(valve B. dosed) water enters into- thiiant Syringe.
Now close,the valve A and move the piston forward to compress the water and discharge it to :Ate above ground as shown in the diagram. While the piston maws forward (open valve B) water from turbine's draft tube enters (through pipe-1) backside of the piston to fill the syringe barrel. Now once water is discharged to the above ground- open the valve A and close valve B and move the piston backwards.. The water filled in the back portion of the syringe is now discharged to the above ground through (pipe-2) the discharge pipe as shown in the drawing.. While piston moves backward water enters the front portion of(piston)the syringe barrel An automatic Locomotive (Electric or .diessa is used to move the piston forward and backward. Repeat the operation.

2111.
FIG-20 : This drawing explains using multi barrel syringes how we can send the wastewater from under sheshore (underground) to the above ground (SEA) as shown in the drawing.
FIG-21: This drawing illustrates using hydraulic press how we can produce electricity from SEA. This method is ideal for small scale sea hydropower plants.
FIG-22 : This drawing illustrates using a hydraulic press syringe and Automatic =
Locomotive how we can discharge back the wastewater to SEA from under seashore (underground).
FIG-23 : This drawing explains in horizontal installed position the syringe's piston does not move back itself for next operation. So we have to move it back as shonw in the drawing.
FIG-24 : This drawing illustrates using several multi barrel syringes and Automatic Locomotives (diesel or electric or steam) how we can send back the wastewater from underground to SEA.
FIG-25 : This drawing illustrates using GIANT STRINGES 'now we can send the wastewater back to SEA.
FIG-26 : This drawing illustrates how we can design a giant syringe (s) FIG-27 : This page explains an approximate cost to construct a 2000 MW
underground sea hydropower plant. It is an example only.
FIG-28 : This page gives the important notes about under seashore (underground) sea hydropower plants. _ .
_ _ FIG-30 DISCAHRGING WASTEWATER USING AN AUTOMATIC LOCOMOTIVE AS SHOWN.
= FIG-31 DISCHARGING WASTEWATER USING COMPOUND PULLEY METHOD AND AN
AUTOMATIC LOCOMOTIVE AS SHOWN IN THE DRAWING.
S.KRISHNAMOORTHY (INVENTOR) Thirumavam-TN, INDIA
A solaiandwareamail.com

Claims (2)

1. A novel method world's first UNDER SEASHORE WAVE ENERGY CONVERTER SEA
hydropower plant operational continuously 24 hours a day 365 days a year COMPRISING
a) main reservoir SEA ( ocean) 14 to supply sea water for hydropower production continuously 24 hours a day 365 days a year.
b) Underground 16 (under seashore) installed Turbine-Generators 11 to produce electricity continuously 24 hours a day 365 days a year.
c) GiANT SYRINGES OR Multi Barrel Syringes 5 installed underground (under seashore) 16 to collect the waste sea water from the Turbine's draft tube 20 to discharge it back to SEA through a discharge pipe 7 as shown in the drawing.
d) Automatic Locomotives (diesel or electric or steam) 15 and a Hydraulic Press~ (22) to move the syringe pistons 6 forward to compress the sea water in the syringe barrel 5 and to send it back to SEA 14 and pull back the syringe pistons for next operation.
e) Underground roof 18 to protect the underground sea hydropower plant during rainy seasons and from sun's heat.
f) Turbine draft tube 20 has a valve 19 whick.allows the wastewater to Flow into the giant syringe barrel or multi barrel syringe and closes automatically when the syringe barrel is full-filled with\wastewater from turbine draft tube.
2. A sea hydropower plant as per CLAIM-1 can be applied for Pumped Storage Hydropower Plants or RIVERS OR LAKES OR PONDS to produce electricity continuously 24 hours a day 366 days a year.
CA2839054A 2014-01-13 2014-01-13 Wave energy converter plant krishna's method Abandoned CA2839054A1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CA2839054A CA2839054A1 (en) 2014-01-13 2014-01-13 Wave energy converter plant krishna's method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CA2839054A CA2839054A1 (en) 2014-01-13 2014-01-13 Wave energy converter plant krishna's method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CA2839054A1 true CA2839054A1 (en) 2014-03-25

Family

ID=50382835

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CA2839054A Abandoned CA2839054A1 (en) 2014-01-13 2014-01-13 Wave energy converter plant krishna's method

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CA (1) CA2839054A1 (en)

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Effective date: 20170113