AU628327B2 - Joints for space frames in steel structural work - Google Patents

Joints for space frames in steel structural work Download PDF

Info

Publication number
AU628327B2
AU628327B2 AU33516/89A AU3351689A AU628327B2 AU 628327 B2 AU628327 B2 AU 628327B2 AU 33516/89 A AU33516/89 A AU 33516/89A AU 3351689 A AU3351689 A AU 3351689A AU 628327 B2 AU628327 B2 AU 628327B2
Authority
AU
Australia
Prior art keywords
joint
coupling
plates
pillar
joint according
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Ceased
Application number
AU33516/89A
Other versions
AU3351689A (en
Inventor
Biagio Carannante
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
METALMECCANICA CARANNANTE SpA
Original Assignee
CARANNANTE METALMECC
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by CARANNANTE METALMECC filed Critical CARANNANTE METALMECC
Publication of AU3351689A publication Critical patent/AU3351689A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of AU628327B2 publication Critical patent/AU628327B2/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Ceased legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B5/00Floors; Floor construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted therefor
    • E04B5/43Floor structures of extraordinary design; Features relating to the elastic stability; Floor structures specially designed for resting on columns only, e.g. mushroom floors
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • E04B2001/2415Brackets, gussets, joining plates
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • E04B2001/2448Connections between open section profiles
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B1/2403Connection details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • E04B2001/2454Connections between open and closed section profiles
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B2001/2466Details of the elongated load-supporting parts
    • E04B2001/2472Elongated load-supporting part formed from a number of parallel profiles
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/24Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of metal
    • E04B2001/2496Shear bracing therefor

Landscapes

  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Architecture (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Electromagnetism (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Joining Of Building Structures In Genera (AREA)
  • Rod-Shaped Construction Members (AREA)
  • Toys (AREA)

Abstract

Three types of fixed girder-pillar joints with two horizontal and vertical wind braces (22, 24) that can be assembled by means of bolts in the building yard for: 1) girders (1) and pillars (11) interrupted in the joint; 2) pillar (11) passing through the joint and interrupted girders; 3) pillar of reinforced concrete (11) with molds bearing the scaffolding and girder steel-concrete. Each type of joint consists of two characteristic parts (a) and (b) with bolted full resistance connections. The part (parts) of the joint (a) are connected near the pillar (pillars) in the workshop, and/or can be used to connect more parts of the joint (b); the parts of the joints (b) are to be welded near the joint.

Description

4. The basic application referred to in paragraph 2 of this Declaration the first application made in a Convention country in respect of the invention the subject of the application.
DECLARED
nt Bacoli, Italy this y of IIIIl II I I u j__Lili I:i i-ii-i-: .li ii~_
ICORRECTED
VERSION WO 89/09315(0)
INTE
(51) International Patent Classificati E04B 1/24 3 3 9 $9 E0O4B 1/24 24/1989 INID Numbers (72) "Inventor; and" and "Inventor/Applicant (for US only)" should be deleted and replaced by INID Numbers Applicant and Inventor: CARANNANTE, Biagio IITilTI; Via 3'tr.
Lungolago. 8/c, 1-80070 Bacoli on 4 Intt.national Publication Number: WO 89/ 09315 Al (43) International Publication Date: 5 October 1989 (05.10.89) (21) International Application Num (22) International Filing Date: (31) Priority Application Number: (32) Priority Date: (33) Priority Country: ber: PCT/IT89/00016 9 March 1989 (09.03.89) 40410 A/88 23 March 1988 (23.03.88) (81) Designated States: AT, AT (European patent), AU, BB, BE (European patent), BG, BJ (OAPI patent), BR, CF (OAPI patent), CG (OAPI patent), CH, CH (Europefn patent), CM (OAPI patent), DE, DE (European patent), DK, FI, FR (European patent), GA (OAPI patent), GB, GB (European patent), HU, IT (European patent), JP, KP, KR, LK, LU, LU (European patent), MC, MG, ML (OAPI patent), MR (OA- PI patent), MW, NL, NL (EuroFean patent), NO, RO, SD, SE, SE (European patent), SN (OAPI patent), SU, TD (OAPI patent), TG (OAP! patent), US.
Published With international search report.
628327 (71) Applicant (for all designated States except US): METAL- MECCANICA CARANNANTE S.P.A. [IT/IT]; Via Scarfoglio, 23, 1-80078 Pozzuoli (IT).
(71)(72) Applicant and Inventor: CARANNANTE, Biagio [IT/ITI; Via 3'tr. Lungolago, 8/c, 1-80070 Bacoli (IT).
(74) Common Representative: METALMECCANICA CAR- ANNANTE Via Scarfoglio, 23, 1-80078 Pozzuoli (IT).
(54) Title: JOINTS FOR SPACE FRAMES IN STEEL STRUCTURAL WORK (57) Abstract Three types of fixed girder-pillar joints with two horizontal and vertical wind braces (22, 24) that can be assembled by means of bolts in the building yard for: 1) girders and pillars (11) interrupted in the joint; 2) pillar (11) passing through the joint and interrupted girders; 3) pillar of reinforced concrete (11) with molds bearing the scaffolding and girder steelconcrete. Each type of joint consists of two characteristic parts and with bolted full resistance connections. The part (parts) of the joint are connected near the pillar (pillars) in the workshop, and/or can be used to connect more parts of the SECTION ON joint the parts of the joints are to be welded near the joint.
I (Rcfrred to in PCT Gaztcte No. 27/1990, Section II) JOINTS FOR STRUCTURAL LATTICE METALLIC FRAMES IN BUILDING
CONSTRUCTIONS
The present invention relates to structural elements for building constructions, and particularly to joints for lattice metallic frames formed from pillars and girders, optionally stiffened by diagonal braces.
In general, all current methods of building contructions make use of three types of joints, namely joints connecting interrupted metallic girders and pillars, joints connecting monolithic metallic pillars passing through the joints to interrupted girders joints connecting conventional girders to composite pillars made of reinforced concrete and supporting scaffolds.
Comparative tests carried out on models of multifloored buildings have shown that framed structures with chequered braced latticeworks are highly effective in resisting seismic energy as they exhibit significant structural ductility.
In respect of growing ductility, the following classes of, structures can be defined: hinged structures locally braced either by diagonal bars or by reinforced concrete walled cores; full resistant framed structures stiffened by steel or reinforced concrete braces; lattice framed structures with ductile joints using plastic hinges at the pillar-girders connections.
Optionally, these latter structes can be further reinforced by full resistance diagonal bars and soft reinforcing braces, so as to further enhance overall ductility and economy in assembly.
Hinged structures with braces of st3el or reinforced i SU'37TJST13E Si'ET 2 concrete braces are known to be more economical and simple to effect than structures with rigid joints. In fact, the welded joints or high resistance bolted connections of rigid structures have to be carried in the yard with evident low productivity. Further, the bolted connections involve piercing of the pillars, which are the most critical components of the structure, in positions proximate to the maximum concentration point of bending moment, thus resulting in weakening of the structure.
FR-A-2 457 349 discloses a modular joint comprising a unitary cylindrical body adapted to receive vertical columns and having a peripheral radial extension formed at one end thereof to interconnect the columns with horizontal girders. The cylindrical body is directly attached to columns and girders by bolts inserted in piercings formed in the walls of the same, which are therefore weakened at the most critical area. Further, in this prior joint transmission of moment is rather poor as the girders are substantially hinged to each cylindrical body by bolted connections. These modular bodies are unitary formed by cast process, which are known to be expensive techniques and involve critical non destructive tests to screen acceptable quality.
-3- It is the object of the present invention to overcome or substantially ameliorate the above disadvantages.
There is disclosed herein a joint for the connection of a pillar with a number of girders, comprising a first member having an upper plate and a lower plate which are vertically spaced, having each a number of edges equal to the number of girders that converge into the joint, which first member is provided with first coupling means, the two lower and upper plates being vertically coupled to each other by means of connecting tongues provided with second coupling means; and a second member made up of two plates spaced from each other, provided with third coupling means that couple with said first coupling means, and connected by a transverse vertical plate, so as to define a coupling zone between the girder and the second member, and of a longitudinal vertical plate, extending in a direction opposite that of the coupling of the second member with the girder, and provided with fourth coupling means that couple with said second coupling means; the number of second members provided in the joint being equal to the number of girders to be coupled with the pillar.
A preferred form of the present invention will now be described by 20 way of example with reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein: eLMM/1041 LMM/1041 ~II FIGURE 1 is an elevation view, partly broken away of a first embodiment of joint structure according to the invention; FIGURE 2 is a plan view of the joint structure of fig.
1, partly broken away along line II-II; FIGURE 3 is a plan view of the joint structure of fig.
1, partly broken away along line III-III of fig. 1; FIGURE 4 is a fragmentary sectional view of a particular of fig. 3 taken along line IV-IV; FIGURE 5 is an elevation view, partly broken away of a second embodiment of joint structure according to the invention; FIGURE 6 is a plan view of the joint structure of fig.
5, partly broken away along line VI-VI; FIGURE 7 is an elevation view, partly broken away of a third embodiment of joint structure according to the invention; FIGURE 8 is a plan view of the joint structure of fig.
7, partly broken away along line VIII-VIII.
FIGURE 9 is a fragmentary, sectional view of fig. 7 taken along line IX-IX.
The lattice framed structure incorporating the joint in accordance with the invention is generally formed from superimposed substantially vertical pillars 11, 15 connected to substantially horizontal girders 1 preferably made of steel.
With reference to fig. 1 to 4 there is illustrated a first embodiment of joint for girders and interrupted pillars.
This type of joint is suitable for buildings with a limited number of floors in which mechanical stress as are transmitted from one pillar to the other through bolted 4 connection having reduced bulkyness due to the limited available space. This type of joint is therefore adapted for use in construction of small buildings and, as all the braces are interrupted at the joint and have reduced dimensions and weight, it is suitable for manual assembling.
With reference to Fig. 5 to 7, there is illustrated a second type of joint in accordance with the invention and specifically adapted for connecting monolithic pillars to interrupted girders. These joints can be positioned around the pillar which is for example 12 meter long, they can further be adjusted at the desired level preferably in alignement with the axis of the pillar. In case of use of bent scaffolds, these may be attached to the joint by means of preliminarly weldings effected in a workshop. This kind of joint is suitable for any type of structure including multi-floored buildings.
With reference to Fig. 8 to 9, there is illustrated a third embodiment of joint adapted for use with reinforced concrete pillars and metal girders which collaborate with the concrete as well as with the additional bars, once the concrete has hardened. If the metallic molds of the pillars have been calculated as bars in a casting supporting frame, the r.c. of the pillar can be considered as part of the joint. This kind of .joint is highly effective in steel frames for r.c. constructions in large and multi-floored buildings.
In general, all the above mentioned structures of joints appear to formed from two main portions or member referenced A and B which are adapted to be mutually attached by bolted connections.
Mere specifically, member A is adapted to be secured to the pillar 11, 15 while member B is adapted to be connected to a P J 1iT- r respective girder 1. The member A consists of a pair of superimposed anchor plates, respectively a lower plate 4 provided with piercings 21, and an upper plate 20 provided with piercings 29. Corresponding piercings 21' and 29' are effected on the member B in such a mabber to provide a full resistance connection using bolts of relatively large diameter which induce no weakening in the corresponding attachement portions. Optional piercing 17 may be formed on plates 4, 20 to receive hinged connections to horizontal diagonals 22. Members A and B may have apertures 32 for the passage of building installations.
In the second and third types of the joint structures shown in fig. 5 to 9 and emboding uninterrupted the pillars passing through the joint made of steel or of r.c. the upper and lower anchor plates 4, 20 have central openings 23 axially aligned for the insertion of the pillar. Anchorage of the component parts of member A to the pillar 15 will be made in the workshop by means of welding process or the like. In case that the pillars exhibit significant rolling tolerances, it is possible to vary the positioning clearance and the width of suitable coupling plates 16.
In case of pillar made of member A will be embedded in the composite structure of the pillar 11. The pillar 11 of r.c. will be cast unitarily with the upper scaffold, which will be supported Ly either steel girders 1, prefahbicated slabs, not illustrated in the drawings, supporting molds 8 and optionally by the lower diagonal braces 24. The molds 8 may be bolted at 12 to plates 25 which are vertically welded to plates 4 and 20. Bu this arrangement, the plates 25 and the molds 8 will delimit the section of the r.c. pillar 11 defining a not dismaltable forming box.
o In case of joints adapted for use with pillars passing S 6 SUBSTITUTE S!HyEET through- the joint, the anchor plates 4 and 20 are maintained in substantially parallel, spaced relation and are rigidly joined to each other by means of spacing plates having top and bottom ends welded to the anchor plates to form a unitary structure. Such spacing plates 5 may have apertures 32 for the passage of the installations, and may be connected to member B by means of interlocking plates 26 having piercings 31 for transmitting shearing stress between girders and pillar.
The anchor plates 4 and 20 may be further rigidified to avoid bending thereofby additional reinforcing parts not shown in the drawings, disposed centrally and adapted to resist torque moment, partially transforming it into bending moment transmitted to diagonal braces intersecting the joint.
In case of interrupted pillar, depicted in fig. 1 to 4, the anchor plates 4 and 20 are not welded to each other in a workshop before assembly of the frame, but they will be attached in the yard by means of bolted connnections. To this end, the anchor plates 4, 20 are spaced apart by means of two couples of spacing elements 19 consisting of angled or similar cross sectioned'profiles, which are welded at one end to plates 4 and 20 and are provided witht piercings 31.
Attachment of the two-spacing elements 19 is made during assembly of the frame in the yard will allow transmission of flexural pression from the upper portion of the pillar to the lower one. Further, as this bolted joint connects also the plate 3 per -ining to the joint B, it allows also transmission of the shearing stress from the girder 4 to the pillar Turning to the joint adapted for use with monolithic pillars passing through the joint, the upper plate 20 is C'oF-- advantageously smaller than the lower plate 4 in the sense that the former has a smaller radial extension than the latter, in order to allow the positioning of girder relative to the pillar from above. The member A may be equipped with upper and lower connecting fins 6 and with peripheral piercings 27 for hingedly connecting vertical braces to the joint. These additional hinged means will be welded to the joint or supplied separately for subsequent welding, in which case they may be suitably adjusted.
The member B is generally formed from a plurality of stress transmitting plates, preferably four plates, adapted to be attached by welding or similar process to the ends of each girder 1. The first pair of these plates are substantially parallel and vertically spaced plates 2, 28 and are attacheable to the upper and lower wings of the associated girder and are provided respectively with piercing 21' and 29'. The plates 2 and 28 are so sized to have: an increased resistance in comparison with the wings of the girder connected thereto in order to resist the larger moment at the fixed joind; a suitable length to permit welding of the girder 1 to the parts of member B; a width allowing positioning of the bolted connections 21', 29'; and a thickness sized to provide a full resistance connection, also taking into acccunt the resistance of the braces connected to the joint. In order to semplify the assembling operations, the bolted connections make use of few bolts, hating a large diameter, thus avoiding weakening effect on the girders. These piercings of relatively large diameter could not be carried out during assembly the girder, due to lack of room in the joint, and therefore it is evident the advantage of being carried out in a workshop before assembly.
i' \s 8 C*L.3 t To permit positioning of the girder from above, the lower plate 2 will be shorter than the upper plate 28 in accordance with the deferent radial extension of the anchor plates 20 of member A. The member B comprises a third plate 3 with the piercing 31 adapted to transmit the shearing stress from the girder 1 to the part of the member A. The plate 3 is welded to the web of the girder along the axis of the bolted connection of the plate 2 and 28 and can further include the optional piercing 32 for the passage of the building installations. A fourth plate 30 is connected to plates 2 and 28 for transmitting to the member A the torque induced by the girder 1.
The above described structures of joint can offer the following advantages.
Even the smallest workshops will be encouraged to build their own structures using prefabricated joint and they will be led to employ the wind braced framed scheme, the most appropriate for steel structures, because the only operation to be carried out is that of unscrewing the bolts, preparing the components of its members and welding them in the workshop the member A to the pillar, or pillars, and the member B to one end of the girders. The only operation required for the braces is that of cutting them, according to the required size. In this way, all defects of construction can be avoided starting from the theoretic calculation scheme, making it possible to obtain structures with regular shapes, which is the first requirement for antiseismic constructions.
A further advantage is that any structure can be designed, calculated and built in a very limited time, and can also be computer programmed.
The construction method using the present joints is u 9 SUSST1TUT c~mrIt-PP WLJxr r~~r!r i, independent from the rolling tolerances in so far as the it is possible to make use of suitable adapters and spacers at the connection points. The desired accuracy of assembly can be ensured by the prefabricated bolted connection, carried out by specialized workers and by the alignement of the joints.
Concerning the braces for the latticeworks, they cannot have necessarily the maximum size but it is also possible to use all other small profiles simply adapting them to the joint.
If the parts of member A are to he connected to a limited number of braces, the part of joint which is not necessary can be easily cut away.
Varying the size of the joint, it is possible to employ more resistant profiles in the lower floors and less rigid ones in the higher floors this resulting in a better material distribution in accordance with theoretical calculations.
The use of these joints could render the construction of full metallic structure iore competitive with respect to the composite ones in reinforced concrete, as unlike to r.c. it is possible to make reinforcing braces with diagonal tension bars at relatively low cost.
In general, the use application of these joint will reduce the overall weight of the structures and will ensure uniformity in girder height with more economical investments; local wind braces are no more necessary thus reducing concentration of stresses with the result of lowering costs for foundations.
The proposed structure of joint allows dissipation of seismic energy due to non elastic deformation in the bolted connections caused by ovalization of the piercings in member A and B as well as by plastic deformation of the girder in correspondence of the connection thereof to the member B.
Lu) %SUBSTITUTE SqZ rl i In fact, it is know that the behaviour of the bolted joints depends on sliding invilving the connected parts, which effect is known to be not completely random and has a positive effect on resistance. Moreover, the ductility of a structure incorporating bolted joint is at least equal to that of an entirely welded structure.
Finally, the use of bolts having a relatively large diameter generally improves mechanical resistance with no reduction in dvctility. Also, the dissipation of energy in the hysteris cycle is considerably increased.
In conclusion, the proposed joints provide a formation of plastic hinges, specifically where the passage between the cross section ot the girder profile and of the joint takes place. In fact, in that point where the girder must be dimensioned to resist a moment which is almost equal to the center line moment but lower than the maximum fixed joint to which the same dimensioning of the girder with flanged joint is subject, and abrupt decrease of the cross section is made.
It is observed that the proposed joint makes it possible to assemble the pillar from the top. The pillar is lowered by a crane and guided into its site so that it is positioned automatically and cannot fall down because it leans against the joint and the member B of the joint cannot shift horizontally.
In an exemplary arrangement of the joint, there can be provided a vertically extending pillar and four girders arranged perpendicular to each other, four or eight horizontal braces and eight vertical wind braces. With the same type of assembling, however, it is possible to realize a joint with a different number of girders and braces with a different angle as well as of girders with different height.
3- 1 1 111 1 The different angle of the tie sleepers can be obtained by introducing them with substantially aligned with the plates 2, 28 of the member B and bending these plates in correspondence of the plate

Claims (12)

1. A joint for the connection of a pillar with a number of girders, comprising a first member having an upper plate and a lower plate which are vertically spaced, having each a number of edges equal to the number of girders that converge into the joint, which first member is provided with first coupling means, the two lower and upper plates being vertically coupled to each other by means of connecting tongues provided with second coupling means; and a second member made up of two plates spaced from each other, provided with third coupling means that couple with said first coupling means, and connected by a transverse vertical plate, so as to define a coupling zone between the girder and the second member, and of a longitudinal vertical plate, extending in a direction opposite that of the coupling of the second member with the girder, and provided with fourth coupling means that couple with said second coupling means; the number of second members provided in the joint being equal to the number of girders to be coupled with the pillar.
2. A joint according to claim 1, wherein said two lowei and upper plates of the first member are structurally separated, having the same 20:size and are each endowed with two connecting tongues made up of two 20 substantially central, vertical tongues opposite to each other, which vertically space the two plates.
3. A joint according to claim 1, wherein said two lower and upper plates of the first member are structurally separated, have the same size and are each provided with a central hole for the passage of the 25 reinforced concrete pillar; said two plates for making up the first member will be spaced with the coupling to the second members and the coupling between the third and the fourth coupling means will be made with reinforced concrete after the casting of the pillar.
4. A joint according to claim 2, wherein the two horizontal plates of the second member have the same si72. A joint according to claim 1, wherein said first member provides a central hole for the passage of the pillar, and is made up of a lower plate larger than the upper one and connected thereto by means of connecting vertical tongues arranged outside said hole in a number at least equal to that of the girders.
6. A joint according to claim 5, wherein said connecting tongues are provided in the number of 4. L -W LI.L 0 An aui. I Lt L tjniorcing braces, so as to further enhance overall ductility and economy in assembly. Hinged structures with braces of steel or reinforced 14 -14
7. A joint according to claim 5, wherein the upper plate of the first member provides grooves for allowing the insertion of said longitudinal vertical plate of said second member.
8. A joint according to claim 5, wherein said connecting tongues are each made up of two vertical surfaces parallelly spaced from each other so as to allow the insertion of :aid longitudinal vertical plate of said second member.
9. A joint according to claim 5, wherein the lower horizontal plate of the second member is longer than the upper one, so as to be able to correctly couple with the lower and upper plates of the first member. A joint according to claim 1, wherein said lower and upper plates of the first member have four edges, each endowed with said first coupling means.
11. A joint according to claim 1, wherein said first, second, third and fourth coupling means are comprised of holes which bolts insert into.
12. A joint according to claim 1, wherein said upper and lower plates of the first and fifth members for coupling are provided, for the coupling of horizontal braces and sixth means for coupling are provided, 20 for the coupling of oblique vertical braces. A joint according to claim 12, wherein said fifth coupling means comprise holes which bolts couple into.
14. A joint according to claim 4, wherein said two lower and upper plates of the first member are structurally sepE.rated, have the same size 25 and are each provided with a central hole for the passage of the a: reinforced concrete pillar; said two plates for making up the first member will be spaced with the coupling to the second members and the coupling between the third and the fourth coupling means will be made with reinforced concrete after the casting of the pillar.
15. A joint substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to the accompanying drawings. DATED this TENTH day of JUNE 1992 Metalmeccanica Carannante S.P.A. Patent Attorneys for the Applicant SPRUSON FERGUSON S LMM/1041
AU33516/89A 1988-03-23 1989-03-09 Joints for space frames in steel structural work Ceased AU628327B2 (en)

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
IT40410/88 1988-03-23
IT8840410A IT1226774B (en) 1988-03-23 1988-03-23 KNOTS FOR SPACE FRAMES IN METAL CARPENTRY

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
AU3351689A AU3351689A (en) 1989-10-16
AU628327B2 true AU628327B2 (en) 1992-09-17

Family

ID=11249209

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
AU33516/89A Ceased AU628327B2 (en) 1988-03-23 1989-03-09 Joints for space frames in steel structural work

Country Status (10)

Country Link
EP (1) EP0408597B1 (en)
JP (1) JPH0826585B2 (en)
AT (1) ATE116708T1 (en)
AU (1) AU628327B2 (en)
BR (1) BR8907334A (en)
DE (1) DE68920430D1 (en)
IT (1) IT1226774B (en)
OA (1) OA09262A (en)
RU (1) RU1838531C (en)
WO (1) WO1989009315A1 (en)

Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE10136551A1 (en) * 2001-07-27 2003-02-13 Richter System Gmbh & Co Kg Tension strut for buildings
WO2006108932A1 (en) * 2005-04-15 2006-10-19 Home Building System Technologies Prefabricated building and a framing therefor
RU2687726C1 (en) * 2018-01-23 2019-05-15 Открытое акционерное общество "Научно-исследовательский, проектно-изыскательский институт "Ленметрогипротранс" Unit for connection of column and floor slabs
CN108331222A (en) * 2018-02-12 2018-07-27 北京工业大学 A kind of Z-type connection quadrate steel pipe column-stealth beam floor assembly system
CN111206684B (en) * 2020-01-20 2021-06-01 徐州工业职业技术学院 Industrial assembled plate column steel structure system

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2226516A1 (en) * 1973-04-20 1974-11-15 Canavese Gerard Metal frame assembly - has main frame attached to sleeve like units on central vert. post
DE2506008A1 (en) * 1975-02-13 1976-08-19 Alco Bauzubehoer Prefabricated ceiling support nodal elements - have end disc plates at right angles for ceiling support flange connection
FR2457349A1 (en) * 1979-05-21 1980-12-19 Pechiney Aluminium Node fitting for structural frame - is sleeve which slides onto round hollow section column having flange and radial webs for fixing e.g. I beams

Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3058264A (en) * 1958-01-30 1962-10-16 Varlonga Giovanni Supporting structure for buildings
US4409765A (en) * 1980-06-24 1983-10-18 Pall Avtar S Earth-quake proof building construction
JPH0723627B2 (en) * 1986-02-07 1995-03-15 ミサワホ−ム株式会社 Joint structure of steel prism and H-shaped steel beam

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2226516A1 (en) * 1973-04-20 1974-11-15 Canavese Gerard Metal frame assembly - has main frame attached to sleeve like units on central vert. post
DE2506008A1 (en) * 1975-02-13 1976-08-19 Alco Bauzubehoer Prefabricated ceiling support nodal elements - have end disc plates at right angles for ceiling support flange connection
FR2457349A1 (en) * 1979-05-21 1980-12-19 Pechiney Aluminium Node fitting for structural frame - is sleeve which slides onto round hollow section column having flange and radial webs for fixing e.g. I beams

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
ATE116708T1 (en) 1995-01-15
JPH0826585B2 (en) 1996-03-13
IT1226774B (en) 1991-02-07
EP0408597A1 (en) 1991-01-23
DE68920430D1 (en) 1995-02-16
JPH03505354A (en) 1991-11-21
EP0408597B1 (en) 1995-01-04
AU3351689A (en) 1989-10-16
BR8907334A (en) 1991-03-19
OA09262A (en) 1992-08-31
IT8840410A0 (en) 1988-03-23
RU1838531C (en) 1993-08-30
WO1989009315A1 (en) 1989-10-05

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US11352786B2 (en) Constructing buildings with modular wall structure
CN211548221U (en) Assembled concrete shear force wall with H shaped steel bracing
AU628327B2 (en) Joints for space frames in steel structural work
CN106545115B (en) The construction method of assembled steel concrete composite slab
US4660341A (en) Composite structure
CN106121055A (en) A kind of steel box column and concrete beam connecting node and construction method thereof
CN113931304B (en) Detachable clamping groove assembly type beam column joint connecting structure
CN217537332U (en) Connecting structure of assembled type steel reinforced concrete beam and steel-concrete composite board
CN215802266U (en) Direct-insertion type bolt-free connecting joint of closed cavity column and steel beam
CN211396107U (en) Assembled shear force wall with steel sheet stud combination formula bracing
CN207296081U (en) T-shaped assembled Steel Reinforced Concrete Shear Walls
CN112878508A (en) Repairable assembly type reinforced concrete column-steel beam column joint and construction method thereof
JPH0431573A (en) Reinforced concrete anti-seismic wall construction
JPH0352803Y2 (en)
CN220504217U (en) Connection structure of assembled concrete shear wall
CN209837321U (en) Connection node of superposed beam and prefabricated column
CN219137990U (en) Hinged connection node structure of precast concrete primary and secondary beams
EP1056911A1 (en) Composite prefabricated girder and a method for manufacturing girders, especially for the construction of bridges
CN220725378U (en) Novel assembled equivalent steel-concrete combined structure
CN211499175U (en) Novel take assembled beam column node that dismouting supported
EP1573143A1 (en) A prefabricated multi-floor frame structure
JPH02128035A (en) Method for earthquake-resistant reinforcement for opening of reinforced concrete structure
RU1815323C (en) Multiple-bar joint of rod spatial structure
JPH04140366A (en) Preceding erection method of prefabricated column bar and semi-pc girder in pc construction
JPS6134549B2 (en)