AT513163B1 - Toilet - Google Patents

Toilet Download PDF

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Publication number
AT513163B1
AT513163B1 ATA811/2012A AT8112012A AT513163B1 AT 513163 B1 AT513163 B1 AT 513163B1 AT 8112012 A AT8112012 A AT 8112012A AT 513163 B1 AT513163 B1 AT 513163B1
Authority
AT
Austria
Prior art keywords
toilet
outlet
closure
recess
basin
Prior art date
Application number
ATA811/2012A
Other languages
German (de)
Other versions
AT513163A1 (en
Inventor
Johann Diewald
Original Assignee
Johann Diewald
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Johann Diewald filed Critical Johann Diewald
Priority to ATA811/2012A priority Critical patent/AT513163B1/en
Publication of AT513163A1 publication Critical patent/AT513163A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of AT513163B1 publication Critical patent/AT513163B1/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47KSANITARY EQUIPMENT NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; TOILET ACCESSORIES
    • A47K11/00Closets without flushing; Urinals without flushing; Chamber pots; Chairs with toilet conveniences or specially adapted for use with toilets
    • A47K11/02Dry closets, e.g. incinerator closets
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03DWATER-CLOSETS OR URINALS WITH FLUSHING DEVICES; FLUSHING VALVES THEREFOR
    • E03D5/00Special constructions of flushing devices, e.g. closed flushing system
    • E03D5/012Special constructions of flushing devices, e.g. closed flushing system combined with movable closure elements in the bowl outlet
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03DWATER-CLOSETS OR URINALS WITH FLUSHING DEVICES; FLUSHING VALVES THEREFOR
    • E03D5/00Special constructions of flushing devices, e.g. closed flushing system
    • E03D5/012Special constructions of flushing devices, e.g. closed flushing system combined with movable closure elements in the bowl outlet
    • E03D5/014Special constructions of flushing devices, e.g. closed flushing system combined with movable closure elements in the bowl outlet with devices for separate removal of liquids and solids
    • Y02A50/454

Abstract

Toilet (1) with a basin (2) which opens into a toilet outlet (6) via a basin outlet (5), wherein in the basin outlet (5) a rotatable closure part (7) is arranged, which has a recess (9) with a collecting opening (10) for collecting faeces and a drain opening (11) for discharging liquids from the recess (9).

Description

Austrian Patent Office AT513163B1 2014-05-15
Description: [0001] The invention relates to a toilet having a basin which opens into a toilet outlet via a basin outlet, wherein a rotatable closure part is arranged in the basin outlet and has a recess with a collecting opening for collecting faeces. In such toilets, the closure part usually separates the toilet outlet, which is usually connected to a sewer line or a collecting container, from the toilet bowl, so that leakage of unpleasant odors through the toilet outlet in the basin and thus in the environment of the toilet is prevented.
The closure part of such a toilet thus operates comparable to a rotary valve, wherein in use the collecting opening is initially facing the toilet bowl for collecting feces, so that the basin opens into the recess and preferably closes a lower edge of the basin with the collecting opening. Subsequently, the pelvis is closed by rotation of the closure part and the recess in the closure part, which is thus separated from the Beck, emptied into the toilet outlet. In order to favor a complete emptying, the recess is usually tapered and tapers from the collecting opening. An optimum volume of the recess in relation to the dimensions of the closure part is achieved in that the recess extends beyond an axis of rotation of the closure part into which the collecting opening opposite half of the closure part. For ease of manufacture and integration, the closure member is preferably substantially cylindrical, with a rotation axis parallel to the collection opening.
DD 231 004 A1 shows a draft-free dry toilet with a turning part acting as a closure, which can be rotated by operating a lever by 180 °. The turning basin is sealed with acid-resistant rubber seals against the downpipe and a cover holding the turning tank in the downpipe. On the side of the toilet outlet, gutters for any escaping liquids are left adjacent to the turning basin, through which they can drain to the toilet outlet.
In EP 0 127 464 A2 a toilet is shown with a toilet outlet pointing obliquely behind the toilet. The closure member may be rotated about an axis perpendicular to a connecting line between an inlet opening and an outlet opening and is mechanically coupled to the lid of the toilet so that the recess in the closure member communicates with the toilet lid when the lid is closed and with the toilet bowl when the lid is open ,
The US 2,119,328 A shows a comparable mechanical coupling between the lid and a closure part, wherein the lid movement here additionally drives a water pump, which carries rinse water from a reservoir in a rinsing ring in the toilet bowl.
FR 355.665 A describes a toilet with an air separation between the toilet outlet and the room air, wherein the air contained in the closure part can be chemically or electrically disinfected. In addition, an annular water channel for cleaning the toilet bowl is provided in the basin.
Further improvements are in SE 9402646 A, which shows a toilet with a closure part with two smaller recesses, the conveyed solid substances are fed to a sterilizing and drying unit and the pool can be cleaned by ultrasound, and in the CN 2861315 Y, in which the closure member is magnetically supported described.
All of the above-mentioned writings have in common that liquid and solid components can be collected in a recess of the closure part and can be emptied together only with a rotation of the closure part.
SE 9901436 A shows a toilet, which provides a separate treatment of solid and liquid components.
In this case, even in an ejection position of the closure part, i. if the recess does not communicate with the pelvis, liquid components are removed from the pelvis.
The disadvantage here is that in a receiving position of the closure part, i. if the recess communicates with the basin, liquid and solid components can not be separated, but are collectively collected in the recess, since the liquid component discharge line is arranged above the recess.
It is an object of the invention to provide a water-saving toilet, in which urine and other liquid substances during use in a receiving position can be removed immediately and separated from feces or other solid substances from the toilet bowl.
The object of the invention is achieved by a toilet of the type mentioned, wherein the recess of the closure part has apart from the collecting opening and a drain opening for discharging liquids from the recess. Thus, liquids entering the recess through the collection opening can be removed from the recess through the drain opening directly, in particular without movement of the closure part, so that essentially only solid or non-liquid components are collected in the recess.
It is particularly advantageous if the drain opening is arranged in a receiving opening opposite the bottom of the recess. In this arrangement, the liquid components to be removed are at an upright operating or receiving position of the closure part, i. when the connecting line between the collecting opening and the drain opening is arranged substantially vertically, already moved by gravity to the drain opening.
In order to achieve despite the additional opening in the form of the drain opening an airtight separation of the basin from a toilet outlet, it is advantageous if connected to the drain opening a liquid drain with a siphon. The liquid drain and the siphon can have a much smaller cross-section than the drain line in conventional water closets, so that a much smaller amount of water sufficient to close the siphon and thus to achieve the desired odor barrier.
If a separate disposal of liquid and solid components is not provided and - as in ordinary house connections - only one discharge line for toilet waste water is provided, it is advantageous if in a receiving position of the closure part of the liquid flow opens into the toilet outlet. Thus, both liquid and solid components are disposed of through the toilet outlet and the present toilet can be easily connected with the toilet outlet to the existing discharge line.
In addition, it has been found to be advantageous if a Spülwasserzulauf is arranged in the basin outlet, that the Spülwasserzulauf communicates with the liquid outlet in an ejection position of the closure part, in which the recess communicates with the toilet outlet. As a result, water and / or other cleaning agents can be introduced into the recess through the liquid outlet and the drain opening by the flush water inlet. The introduced water supports the removal of the faeces received in the recess and can also clean the recess.
Furthermore, it has been found to be favorable when the siphon outside the rotatable closure member, in particular in a side wall of the pelvic outlet, is arranged. An arrangement outside of the closure part prevents the siphon from being emptied each time the closure part is actuated. In connection with a rinsing water inlet, this arrangement has the advantage that the siphon is not arranged in the portion of the liquid outlet through which rinse water flows, and the water pressure from the rinse water line is thus not weakened by the siphon becomes.
In order to achieve an adequate separation of solid and liquid components, in particular faeces and urine, it is advantageous if the drain opening is provided with a filter for the separation of solid and liquid components, in particular with a hole sieve-like filter. The filter also prevents closure of the drain opening, and possibly a downstream liquid drain and siphon, by solid components.
The cleaning of the recess or a complete emptying after use can be particularly simplified if the recess is adapted to receive a paper filter. Thus, a suitable paper filter can be inserted into the recess before use, which thereafter, as soon as the closure member is brought into the ejection position, can be disposed of together with the waste received through the toilet outlet.
For ease of handling and to avoid operating errors, it is advantageous if the closure part is connected to a drive for rotating the closure part, in particular an electric or mechanical drive. The drive can be connected, for example by a belt with the closure part.
If a water outlet, in particular in the form of a flat jet nozzle for introducing water, cleaning and / or disinfecting agent is arranged in the basin, preferably in a basin outlet opposite the upper edge of the pool, both the basin and the recess after use be effectively cleaned, wherein the wastewater obtained during the cleaning can escape through the drain opening and optionally replaced the liquid held in a siphon.
The invention will be explained below with reference to particularly preferred embodiments, to which, however, it should not be limited, and with reference to the drawings. 1 shows a toilet, with a rotatable closure part arranged in a receiving position, in a vertical sectional view parallel to an axis of rotation of the closure part; Fig. 2 Fig. 4 Fig. 5 Fig. 6 is a plan view of the toilet of Fig. 1; the toilet of Figure 1, in a sectional view taken along the line III-III in Fig. 1. a view according to Figure 3, wherein the closure member is arranged in an intermediate position. a view according to Figure 3, wherein the closure member is arranged in an ejection position. and the toilet according to FIG. 1, in a sectional view along the line VI-VI in FIG. 1.
In Fig. 1, a toilet 1 with a basin 2 is shown. The basin 2 forms a, limited by an upper edge of the pool 3 seat opening 4. At one of the seat opening 4 opposite bottom, the basin 2 opens into a basin spout 5. The lower end of the basin spout 5 at the bottom of the toilet 1 forms the toilet outlet 6. Dabei the toilet outlet 6 is separated from the basin 2 by a closure part 7, which is arranged in the basin outlet 5 and sealingly seals with the side wall of the basin outlet 5. The closure part 7 is essentially cylindrical in shape (cf., FIG. 3) and rotatably mounted about an axis of rotation 8. In the closure part 7, a recess 9 is formed, which is open to one side to form a collecting opening 10. Starting from the collecting opening 10, the recess 9 is formed cupped tapered, wherein in the collecting opening 10 opposite bottom of the recess 9, a drain opening 11 is provided. The drain opening 11 is partially closed by a perforated screen 12, so that only liquids or smallest Austrian patent office AT513163B1 2014-05-15
Solid components from the recess 9 can enter into a subsequent to the drain opening 11 liquid drain 13. The cross section of the liquid outlet 13 can be substantially smaller compared to the collecting opening 10 or the basin outlet 5.
The liquid outlet 13 leads from below the drain opening 11 to one side of the closure part 7 and through an opening 14 through a side wall of the basin outlet 5. There, the liquid outlet 13 continues into a siphon 15 and ends below the closure part 7 in an orifice 16 (see Fig. 3) in the basin outlet 5. Thus, liquid ingredients, water and any cleaning agents from the recess 9 can be fed through the liquid outlet 13 directly to the toilet outlet 6 and disposed of. At the same time prevents the siphon 15, as soon as it is filled with liquid, an air-permeable compound from the toilet outlet 6 upwards into the basin 2 and thus the rising of unpleasant gases.
In an annular recess 17 below the upper edge of the pool 3, a circumferential, substantially annular water outlet in the form of flat jet nozzles 18 is arranged. The discharged from the flat jet nozzles 18 water 19 is used to clean the basin 2 and the recess 9 and disposed of through the drain opening 11 and the liquid outlet 13 into the toilet outlet 6. Preferably, the flat jet nozzles 18 spray hot water with disinfectant under high pressure over the wall of the basin 2 and thus ensure a hygienic cleaning. It can be carried out both before and after the use of the toilet 1, a rinse.
In addition, a flushing water inlet 20 is provided in the basin outlet 5 in the region of the closure part 7 and at the same radial distance from the axis of rotation 8 as the opening 14. 1 is closed by a side wall of the closure part 7 and only communicates with the liquid outlet 13 in an ejection position (see FIG.
On the sides of the closure part 7 axle pins 21 are integrally formed in the region of the axis of rotation 8 on both sides, which are rotatably mounted in corresponding bearings 22 in the side wall of the pelvic outlet 5. One of the journals 21 is extended and firmly connected to a pulley 23.
In the plan view shown in Fig. 2, the substantially oval floor plan of the seat opening 4 of the basin 2 can be seen.
In contrast, the collecting opening 10 of the recess 9 of the closure part 7 has a substantially rectangular cross-section. In the bottom of the recess 9, substantially centered in relation to the larger collecting opening 10, the perforated screen 12 in the drain opening 11 can be seen.
In Fig. 3, the circular cross section of the closure part 7, according to the Zylin derform, can be seen. The side wall of the pelvic outlet 5 follows in the region of the closure part 7 of its cylindrical shape and accordingly has circular-segment-shaped indentations 24 on both sides. The recess 9 is formed starting from the collecting opening 10 tapered and ends to the drain opening 11 cup-shaped. In the view shown here, the mouth 16 of the liquid outlet 13 in the basin outlet 5 directly below the closure part 7 can be seen, wherein the functionally below the mouth 16 extending course of the siphon 15 is shown in dashed lines in the side wall of the pelvic outlet 5.
In the intermediate position of the closure part 7 shown in Fig. 4, the closure member 7 is rotated relative to the previously discussed receiving position by about 90 °. In this intermediate position, the collecting opening 10 of the recess 9 is completely closed by the indentations 24 formed in the basin outlet 5. Also, the liquid drain 13 is interrupted in this position, so that an air- and liquid-tight separation of the basin 2 is achieved by the toilet outlet 6. The flushing water inlet 20 is just like the opening 14 covered by a side wall of the closure part 7 and sealed. FIG. 5 shows the ejection position of the closure part 7, in which the collecting opening 10 of the recess 9 of the closure part 7 communicates with a lower section of the basin outlet 5 forming the toilet outlet 6 , In this ejection position, the content of the recess 9 can be emptied through the toilet outlet 6, for example, in a sewage pipe 25 connected thereto. Wastewater pipe 25 may be provided with waste water from other sources, e.g. Rainwater, are supplied, which supports the transport of toilet waste. To assist the ejection and to clean the recess 9 and the perforated screen 12, rinse water can be passed through the rinsing water inlet 20 and part of the liquid outlet 13 to the outlet opening 11 and penetrate into the recess 9. As a rinse water can be used in addition to water from a domestic water pipe and water from a rainwater tank or from a collection tank for house water. When using such a tank (not shown), a tank overflow can be connected to the inlet pipe 26.
Fig. 6 shows schematically a drive 27 of the closure part 7, which drive 27 is connected via a belt 28 with the pulley 23 of the closure part 7. The drive 27 may be an electric motor or a mechanical clutch, for example a control element. After using the toilet 1 is provided to rotate the closure member 7 from the receiving position by 360 °. Thus, the recess 9 is emptied, in particular, a arranged in the recess 9 paper filter (not shown) is disposed of through the Toilettenauslass 6, and then brought back into the receiving position for the next use. Optionally, the rotation may occur after about 180 °, i. in the ejection position, are temporarily stopped, which is particularly at low pressure at Spülwasserzulauf 20, e.g. if this is associated with a rainwater tank or with a collection tank for household wastewater, is advantageous. In connection with the paper filter, it is also conceivable that the filters are automatically closed during the movement of the closure part 7 and disposed of in the closed state.
In addition to the preferred application described above, the inven tion proper toilet is also suitable for use as a dry toilet or Campingklo, optionally with connection to an underlying pit. 5.9

Claims (10)

  1. Austrian patent office AT513163B1 2014-05-15 1. Toilet (1) with a basin (2), which via a basin outlet (5) opens into a toilet outlet (6), wherein in the basin outlet (5) a rotatable closure member (7) is, which has a recess (9) with a collecting opening (10) for collecting faeces, characterized in that the recess (9) apart from the collecting opening (10) and a drain opening (11) for discharging liquids from the recess (10) 9).
  2. 2. Toilet (1) according to claim 1, characterized in that the drain opening (11) in one of the collecting opening (10) opposite the bottom of the recess (9) is arranged.
  3. 3. toilet (1) according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that at the drain opening (11), a liquid outlet (13) with a siphon (15) connects.
  4. 4. Toilet according to claim 3, characterized in that in a receiving position of the closure part (7) of the liquid outlet (13) opens into the toilet outlet (6).
  5. 5. Toilet according to claim 3 or 4, characterized in that in the basin outlet (5) a Spülwasserzulauf (20) is arranged so that the Spülwasserzulauf (20) communicates with the liquid outlet (13) in an ejection position of the closure part (7).
  6. 6. toilet (1) according to one of claims 3 to 5, characterized in that the siphon (15) outside the rotatable closure member (7), in particular in a side wall of the pelvic outlet (5), is arranged.
  7. 7. toilet (1) according to one of claims 1 to 6, characterized in that the drain opening (11) is provided with a filter for the separation of solid and liquid components, in particular with a perforated screen (12).
  8. 8. toilet (1) according to one of claims 1 to 7, characterized in that the recess (9) is adapted to receive a paper filter.
  9. 9. toilet (1) according to one of claims 1 to 8, characterized in that the closure part (7) with a drive (27) for rotating the closure part (7), in particular an electrical or mechanical drive, is connected.
  10. 10. toilet (1) according to one of claims 1 to 9, characterized in that in the basin (2), preferably in a basin outlet (5) opposite the upper edge of the pool (3), a water outlet, in particular in the form of a flat jet nozzle (18 ), for introducing water, cleaning and / or disinfectant is arranged. 3 sheets of drawings 6/9
ATA811/2012A 2012-07-20 2012-07-20 Toilet AT513163B1 (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
ATA811/2012A AT513163B1 (en) 2012-07-20 2012-07-20 Toilet

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
ATA811/2012A AT513163B1 (en) 2012-07-20 2012-07-20 Toilet

Publications (2)

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AT513163A1 AT513163A1 (en) 2014-02-15
AT513163B1 true AT513163B1 (en) 2014-05-15

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
ATA811/2012A AT513163B1 (en) 2012-07-20 2012-07-20 Toilet

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR355665A (en) * 1905-06-27 1905-11-09 American Specialty Company Wardrobe
US2119328A (en) * 1937-05-05 1938-05-31 Boeing Aircraft Co Toilet for vehicles
EP0127464A2 (en) * 1983-05-30 1984-12-05 Daniel Benjamin Moolman Latrine (111111)+
DD231004A1 (en) * 1984-03-22 1985-12-18 Siegfried Leonhardt Dry cleaning, free of air
CN2861315Y (en) * 2005-12-29 2007-01-24 许开 Magnetic suspension rotation water-saving toilet

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR355665A (en) * 1905-06-27 1905-11-09 American Specialty Company Wardrobe
US2119328A (en) * 1937-05-05 1938-05-31 Boeing Aircraft Co Toilet for vehicles
EP0127464A2 (en) * 1983-05-30 1984-12-05 Daniel Benjamin Moolman Latrine (111111)+
DD231004A1 (en) * 1984-03-22 1985-12-18 Siegfried Leonhardt Dry cleaning, free of air
CN2861315Y (en) * 2005-12-29 2007-01-24 许开 Magnetic suspension rotation water-saving toilet

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Publication number Publication date
AT513163A1 (en) 2014-02-15

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Effective date: 20170720