WO2023202718A1 - 外壳表面自发光的照明装置 - Google Patents

外壳表面自发光的照明装置 Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2023202718A1
WO2023202718A1 PCT/CN2023/090048 CN2023090048W WO2023202718A1 WO 2023202718 A1 WO2023202718 A1 WO 2023202718A1 CN 2023090048 W CN2023090048 W CN 2023090048W WO 2023202718 A1 WO2023202718 A1 WO 2023202718A1
Authority
WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
light
housing
light source
cover
lighting device
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2023/090048
Other languages
English (en)
French (fr)
Inventor
刘锋
Original Assignee
刘锋
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 刘锋 filed Critical 刘锋
Publication of WO2023202718A1 publication Critical patent/WO2023202718A1/zh

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21KNON-ELECTRIC LIGHT SOURCES USING LUMINESCENCE; LIGHT SOURCES USING ELECTROCHEMILUMINESCENCE; LIGHT SOURCES USING CHARGES OF COMBUSTIBLE MATERIAL; LIGHT SOURCES USING SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES AS LIGHT-GENERATING ELEMENTS; LIGHT SOURCES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21K9/00Light sources using semiconductor devices as light-generating elements, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED] or lasers
    • F21K9/20Light sources comprising attachment means
    • F21K9/23Retrofit light sources for lighting devices with a single fitting for each light source, e.g. for substitution of incandescent lamps with bayonet or threaded fittings
    • F21K9/232Retrofit light sources for lighting devices with a single fitting for each light source, e.g. for substitution of incandescent lamps with bayonet or threaded fittings specially adapted for generating an essentially omnidirectional light distribution, e.g. with a glass bulb
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21KNON-ELECTRIC LIGHT SOURCES USING LUMINESCENCE; LIGHT SOURCES USING ELECTROCHEMILUMINESCENCE; LIGHT SOURCES USING CHARGES OF COMBUSTIBLE MATERIAL; LIGHT SOURCES USING SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES AS LIGHT-GENERATING ELEMENTS; LIGHT SOURCES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21K9/00Light sources using semiconductor devices as light-generating elements, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED] or lasers
    • F21K9/20Light sources comprising attachment means
    • F21K9/23Retrofit light sources for lighting devices with a single fitting for each light source, e.g. for substitution of incandescent lamps with bayonet or threaded fittings
    • F21K9/237Details of housings or cases, i.e. the parts between the light-generating element and the bases; Arrangement of components within housings or cases
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21KNON-ELECTRIC LIGHT SOURCES USING LUMINESCENCE; LIGHT SOURCES USING ELECTROCHEMILUMINESCENCE; LIGHT SOURCES USING CHARGES OF COMBUSTIBLE MATERIAL; LIGHT SOURCES USING SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES AS LIGHT-GENERATING ELEMENTS; LIGHT SOURCES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21K9/00Light sources using semiconductor devices as light-generating elements, e.g. using light-emitting diodes [LED] or lasers
    • F21K9/20Light sources comprising attachment means
    • F21K9/23Retrofit light sources for lighting devices with a single fitting for each light source, e.g. for substitution of incandescent lamps with bayonet or threaded fittings
    • F21K9/238Arrangement or mounting of circuit elements integrated in the light source
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V15/00Protecting lighting devices from damage
    • F21V15/01Housings, e.g. material or assembling of housing parts
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V19/00Fastening of light sources or lamp holders
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V23/00Arrangement of electric circuit elements in or on lighting devices
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V23/00Arrangement of electric circuit elements in or on lighting devices
    • F21V23/06Arrangement of electric circuit elements in or on lighting devices the elements being coupling devices, e.g. connectors
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21YINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO THE FORM OR THE KIND OF THE LIGHT SOURCES OR OF THE COLOUR OF THE LIGHT EMITTED
    • F21Y2115/00Light-generating elements of semiconductor light sources
    • F21Y2115/10Light-emitting diodes [LED]
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21YINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO THE FORM OR THE KIND OF THE LIGHT SOURCES OR OF THE COLOUR OF THE LIGHT EMITTED
    • F21Y2115/00Light-generating elements of semiconductor light sources
    • F21Y2115/10Light-emitting diodes [LED]
    • F21Y2115/15Organic light-emitting diodes [OLED]

Definitions

  • the utility model relates to the field of lighting, and in particular to a lighting device with a self-illuminating casing surface.
  • LED lights Because of its energy saving, high brightness, long life and other advantages, LED lights have gradually replaced traditional fluorescent lamps and incandescent lamps and become the first choice of light source. However, there are also some problems during the use of LED lights:
  • LED light is too dazzling and difficult to look directly at.
  • LED bulbs generally can only illuminate 120°. When the light deviates from this angle, the light weakens rapidly, while traditional incandescent and energy-saving lamp bulbs can illuminate almost 360°.
  • the shape of LED bulbs is similar to traditional light bulbs. Its shape limits the size and installation of the bulb, circuit board, and heat dissipation fins. The size of the circuit board and heat dissipation fins in turn limits the power and life of the LED bulb.
  • embodiments of the present invention provide a self-illuminating lighting device on the surface of the casing, which emits soft light, has a large illumination angle, has high heat dissipation efficiency and has a long service life.
  • a lighting device with a self-luminous surface on the outer shell including an electrical connection end and a light-emitting component.
  • the electrical connection end is connected to a power supply.
  • the light-emitting component includes a light-emitting lamp shell and a circuit board that controls the light emission of the lamp shell.
  • the lamp The housing includes a housing made at least partially of an OLED, MicroLED or backlight material that can actively emit light.
  • the utility model can achieve a larger irradiation range by emitting light on the surface of the lamp housing, and can form a larger cavity inside the lamp housing, which is convenient for accommodating more and larger heat dissipation components and electronic components, so that the lamp housings of the light bulbs can be directly connected.
  • the irradiation angle at the electrical connection end is wider, the irradiation intensity is greater, and the service life is longer.
  • the lamp housing includes a first light source, the housing is at least partially made of a backlight material, the housing has a light incident end, and the first light source is disposed at the light incident end of the housing.
  • a cavity is provided inside the housing, and the first light source is disposed close to/or within the housing wall.
  • the casing can be made of self-luminous materials such as OLED and MicroLED, so that luminous LEDs can be arranged in the space inside the casing.
  • the housing may be entirely made of backlight material, or may be only partially made of backlight material, for example, a combination of backlight material and non-backlight material.
  • the backlight material on the shell needs to be equipped with an additional first light source. It is necessary to set a light incident end on the lamp shell, and a first light source is set at the light incident end. The light emitted by the first light source is injected into the wall of the lamp shell to achieve the luminescence of the lamp shell. .
  • the first light source is not arranged inside the casing, leaving more space inside the casing to accommodate more and larger electronic devices. And from a manufacturing and cost perspective, a casing made of backlight material has more advantages.
  • the backlight material in the present invention refers to a material with high reflectivity with conduit points.
  • the light guide points are used to diffuse the light incident from the first light source to various angles, so that the backlight material emits light uniformly, forming a The material of the first light source.
  • the first light source those skilled in the art can set it as an annular first light source or a point-distributed first light source as needed, as long as the lamp housing can be illuminated.
  • the housing is a light guide outer cover, and a reflective light is provided on the inner wall of the light guide outer cover. cover or reflective layer.
  • the electrical connection end includes a lamp holder, and a heat dissipation cover is provided inside the light guide outer cover.
  • the heat dissipation cover is made of thermally conductive material, and its fixed end has an outward flange. The heat dissipation cover is everted through its The edge is connected to the lamp holder, the first light source is annular, and the first light source is installed on the outer flange.
  • the incident end of the housing is annular, and its incident end is close to the annular first light source. light source.
  • the light guide outer cover and the heat dissipation cover are both cylindrical, the heat dissipation cover has an inner cavity inside, the front end of the lamp holder has a head, and a front end cavity is provided inside the head, so The circuit board is installed in the front cavity or at the front of the front cavity, and the end extends into the inner cavity.
  • an installation port is provided at the front end of the heat dissipation cover, a photomask is provided at the installation port, a second light source is installed in the photomask, and a heat dissipation barrel is provided outside the photomask; the photomask
  • the front end of the front end is provided with a front end cover.
  • the front end cover has an outer edge area and a middle area.
  • a light blocking ring is provided in the outer edge area. The light transmittance of the light blocking ring is lower than that of the middle area. The light blocking ring is at least partially located in the light guide.
  • the front end of the outer cover is provided at the front end of the outer cover.
  • the housing includes a first housing and a second housing that can be combined and separated from each other, and the ends of the first housing and the second housing that are combined are respective light incident ends,
  • the joining place of the first housing and the second housing also forms an accommodating space for accommodating the first light source, and the first light source is arranged in the accommodating space of the first housing and the second housing.
  • the shell Divide the shell into two parts that can be spliced together, and set the first light source at the spliced position to facilitate the assembly of the first light source and the shell. And the two shells can realize different light-emitting modes of the first and second shells, and realize different lighting effects of the two parts.
  • the first light source includes a first light source and a second light source that are separated from each other, the light of the first light source is introduced into the first housing, and the light of the second light source is introduced into the second housing.
  • the two parts of the housing correspond to their respective first light sources and are controlled independently.
  • the first housing or the second housing can be individually controlled to emit light, and the other housing should not emit light, thereby achieving more lighting effects.
  • first light source and the second light source are supported by a first bracket and a second bracket respectively.
  • first bracket and the second bracket are arranged in the housing, the first bracket has a first mounting base, the second bracket has a second mounting base, the first mounting base and the second mounting base are close to the first housing and The light incident end of the second housing is used to install the first light source and the second light source.
  • the first light source and the second light source are arranged oppositely and separated by the first mounting base and/or the second mounting base.
  • a light baffle is provided in the accommodation space, and the light baffle is disposed on a side of the first light source away from the housing cavity to prevent the light emitted by the first light source from directly emitting from the side of the housing.
  • the light baffle can be set on the installation seat, or it can be installed separately in the accommodation space. At the same time, it must be ensured that its length can block the light from emitting from the side.
  • the surface of the housing is partially recessed inward, and a first direct light source is provided in the recess, and the first direct light source directly emits light outward for illumination.
  • the surface of one end of the housing away from the electrical connection end is recessed inward, and a first direct light source and a heat dissipation bracket for fixing the first direct light source are provided in the recess, and the first direct light source irradiates upward or downward.
  • the utility model provides another lighting device, which includes a lamp holder, a casing and a first light source.
  • the casing is installed on the lamp holder.
  • the casing is made of light guide material and is provided on the inner wall of the light guide outer cover. There is a reflective cover or reflective layer, and the first light source is close to the housing.
  • a circuit board for control is also installed on the lamp holder, one end of the light guide outer cover connected to the lamp holder is a fixed end, the fixed end of the light guide outer cover has a mouth, and the light guide outer cover has a mouth.
  • a cavity is provided inside the outer cover, and the circuit board extends into the cavity from the mouth.
  • a plurality of astigmatism holes are provided on the light guide outer cover, and the light astigmatism holes extend from the inner wall to the outer wall of the light guide outer cover.
  • the light can be irradiated directly without being irradiated through the backlight material.
  • the lamp shell can emit light or the first light source can directly emit light.
  • the arrangement of the direct first light source it can be set to illuminate downwards, upwards or other required directions without any limitation.
  • the lamp housing of the utility model can directly emit light, and the first light source is arranged in the lamp housing. Therefore, the inside of the lamp housing The space can be used to accommodate electronic devices that control the lighting device, without having to set up a special electronic device receiving location between the lamp housing and the electrical connection end. Therefore, compared with traditional LED bulbs, the lighting device of the present invention can achieve higher lighting power, larger illumination angle, more flexible and diverse lighting methods, better heat dissipation, and longer life under the same size and shape.
  • Figure 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the first embodiment of the present utility model
  • Figure 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a second embodiment of the present utility model
  • Figure 3 is a cross-sectional view of the third embodiment of the present utility model
  • Figure 4 is a cross-sectional view of the fourth embodiment of the present utility model
  • Figure 5 is an exploded view of the fourth embodiment of the present invention.
  • Figure 6 is a schematic structural diagram of the lamp holder in the fourth embodiment of the present invention.
  • Figure 7 is a schematic structural diagram of the photomask in the fourth embodiment of the present invention.
  • Figure 8 is a schematic structural diagram of the photomask and front-end cover in the first direction in the fourth embodiment of the present invention.
  • Figure 9 is a schematic structural diagram of the photomask and front-end cover in the second direction in the fourth embodiment of the present invention.
  • Photomask 141. Main cover body, 1412. Carl lugs, 1413. Light guide plate, 142. Fixing ring, 1422, card slot, 1421, light hole, 150. Second light source, 160. Heat sink, 170. Front end cover, 171. Light blocking ring, 190. Circuit board.
  • a lighting device with self-luminous housing surface includes an electrical connection end 1 and a light-emitting component connected to the electrical connection end 1.
  • the light-emitting component includes a lamp housing that can emit light, and a device that controls the light emitting of the lamp housing.
  • a circuit board (not shown), the lamp housing includes a housing 2, the housing 2 includes a first housing 21 and a second housing 22, the first housing 21 and the second housing 22 are assembled into a roughly Oval lamp housing housing 2.
  • the housing 2 is roughly elliptical, but of course it can also be configured in other shapes as needed. In addition, the housing 2 can also be divided into multiple parts as needed to realize more independent lighting units.
  • the combined ends of the first housing 21 and the second housing 22 are light incident ends, and concave accommodation spaces are respectively provided.
  • Corresponding first light sources 31 and second light sources 32 are provided in the accommodation spaces.
  • the first light source 31 and the second light source 32 emit light in the accommodation space and enter the first housing 21 and the second housing 22 made of backlight material respectively.
  • the light source 3 can be a ring-shaped light source, or a point light source distributed along the circumferential direction of the housing 2 and other forms.
  • the first light source 31 and the second light source 32 are respectively supported by a first bracket 41 and a second bracket 42.
  • the first bracket 41 and the second bracket 42 are arranged in the housing 2.
  • the first bracket 41 has a first mounting
  • the second bracket 42 has a second mounting seat 421.
  • the first mounting seat 411 and the second mounting seat 421 are arranged at the light incident ends of the first housing 21 and the second housing 22.
  • the first light source 31 and the second The light sources 32 are respectively arranged on the first mounting base 411 and the second mounting base 421.
  • the first light source 31 and the second light source 32 are arranged opposite to each other, and the first mounting base 411 and the second mounting base 421 separate the first light source 31 and the second light source 32 . Therefore, when the first light source 31 or the second light source 32 emits light alone, the light will not enter the second housing 22 or the first housing 21 and affect the visual effect of the light emission.
  • a first light baffle 51 and a second light baffle 52 are provided on the first mounting base 411 and the second mounting base 421.
  • the first light baffle 51 and the second light baffle 52 are disposed away from the light source away from the housing cavity. One side prevents the light emitted by the light source from directly emitting from the side of the housing 2.
  • bracket 4 on the one hand, its heat dissipation function must be taken into consideration, so you can choose one with better heat dissipation. Thermal performance materials, such as aluminum.
  • shape of the bracket 4 located in the inner space of the housing 2 can be arranged according to the shape of the inner surface of the housing 2, so that a large continuous space can be vacant inside the housing 2 to accommodate other devices.
  • a lighting device with a self-illuminating surface on a housing includes an electrical connection end 1 and a light-emitting component connected to the electrical connection end 1.
  • the light-emitting component includes a lamp housing that can emit light, and a device that controls the light emitting of the lamp housing.
  • Circuit board (not shown), the lamp housing includes a housing 2 made of backlight material.
  • the housing 2 includes a connection end connected to the electrical connection end 1, and a cover extending obliquely from the connection end.
  • the end of the housing 2 away from the connection end is provided with a concave accommodation space, and a light source 3 is provided in the accommodation space.
  • the light source 3 is controlled by a control circuit. During use, the light emitted from the light source in the housing space of the housing 2 enters the housing, and the surface of the housing emits light evenly.
  • the light source may be an annular light source, or a point light source distributed along the circumference of the casing, or other various forms.
  • the light source 3 is supported by a bracket 4.
  • the bracket 4 is arranged in the housing.
  • the bracket 4 is also provided with a mounting base 43.
  • the mounting base 43 extends to one side of the accommodation space.
  • the light source 3 is arranged on the mounting base 43.
  • the mounting base 43 is also provided with a light baffle 5.
  • the light baffle 5 is disposed on the side of the light source away from the cavity of the lamp housing to prevent the light emitted by the light source from directly emitting from the side of the housing.
  • the heat dissipation of the light source must be taken into consideration, so a material with better heat dissipation performance, such as aluminum, can be selected.
  • the shape of the bracket 4 located in the inner space of the casing can be arranged along the shape of the inner surface of the casing, so that a large continuous space can be emptied inside the casing to accommodate other devices.
  • the lower end surface of the housing is partially recessed inward, and a direct light source 6 is provided in the recess.
  • the direct light source 6 is installed on another bracket 4 provided inside the housing, and the light from the direct light source 6 is used for direct illumination.
  • the above-mentioned light bulbs can turn on the light source and/or the direct light source 6 of the lamp housing individually or simultaneously as needed.
  • bracket 4 on the one hand, its heat dissipation function must be taken into consideration, so a material with better heat dissipation performance, such as aluminum, should be selected.
  • shape of the bracket 4 located in the internal space of the casing can be arranged according to the shape of the inner surface of the casing, so that a large continuous space can be emptied inside the casing to accommodate other devices.
  • this embodiment discloses a lighting device, which is another variation of the present utility model.
  • the lighting device includes a lamp holder 110, a housing and a first light source 130.
  • the housing is installed on the lamp.
  • the housing On the base 110, the housing is a light guide outer cover 121, and the inner wall of the light guide outer cover 121 has a reflective layer, a reflective cover or a reflective plate.
  • the inner wall of the housing has a reflective layer, and the reflective layer
  • the first light source 130 is disposed by coating and is close to the housing.
  • the front end of the lamp holder 110 has a head 111, and a front cavity 1111 is provided inside the head 111.
  • the circuit board 190 is installed at the front end of the front cavity 1111, and can also be installed in the front cavity 1111.
  • the circuit board 190 190 is used to control the lighting device.
  • One end of the light guide cover 121 connected to the lamp holder 110 is a fixed end 123.
  • the fixed end 123 of the light guide cover 121 has a mouth (not marked in the figure), and a cavity is provided inside the light guide cover 121. 125.
  • the circuit board 190 is installed on the end 111 of the lamp holder 110, it extends into the cavity 125 from the mouth.
  • the housing is a light guide cover 121, and a heat dissipation cover 122 is provided inside the light guide cover 121.
  • Both the light guide cover 121 and the heat dissipation cover 122 are cylindrical, and the heat dissipation cover 122 There is an inner cavity (not marked in the figure) inside, and the heat dissipation cover 122 is disposed on the inner wall of the light guide outer cover 121 .
  • the heat dissipation cover 122 is made of thermally conductive material, and its fixed end 123 has an outer flange 1221. The heat dissipation cover 122 is connected to the lamp holder 110 through its outer flange 1221.
  • the first light source 130 is in the shape of a ring.
  • the first light source 130 can be made of a plurality of LED lamp beads.
  • the first light source 130 is installed on the outer flange 1221 of the heat dissipation cover 122.
  • the light guide outer cover The fixed end 123 of 121 is connected to the outer flange 1221 and contacts the first light source 130 .
  • the heat generated by the first light source 130 can be transferred to the heat dissipation cover 122 through the outer flange 1221, and the heat can be fully dissipated.
  • the housing is made of light-guiding material, a reflective layer is provided on the inside to reduce light loss.
  • the light guide outer cover 121 is provided with a plurality of astigmatism holes to form an array.
  • the astigmatism holes extend from the inner wall to the outer wall of the light guide outer cover 121 to form an astigmatism area near the light guide outer cover 121.
  • the astigmatism hole usually adopts a microporous structure; the astigmatism hole structure makes the light softer compared with the traditional irradiation light, which can make the eyes feel more comfortable. .
  • the light from the first light source 130 is guided through the housing, and its irradiation range is not limited by the angle of the irradiation light, and its irradiation range is wider.
  • the light of the first light source 130 is guided through the casing.
  • the first light source 130 does not need to be disposed in the casing, which can save a lot of space in the casing for installing other components and reduce A waste of space.
  • Embodiment 3 has a relatively simplified structural design, and this embodiment has further structural improvements compared to Embodiment 3.
  • the lighting device includes a lamp holder 110, a shell and a first light source 130.
  • the shell is installed on the lamp holder 110.
  • the shell is made of light-guiding material.
  • the inner wall of the shell has a reflective layer or a reflective plate.
  • a light source 130 is located close to the housing.
  • the front end of the lamp holder 110 has a head 111, and a front cavity 1111 is provided inside the head 111.
  • the circuit board 190 is installed at the front end of the front cavity 1111, and can also be installed in the front cavity 1111.
  • the circuit board 190 190 is used to control the lighting device.
  • One end of the light guide cover 121 connected to the lamp holder 110 is a fixed end 123.
  • the fixed end 123 of the light guide cover 121 has a mouth (not marked in the figure), and a cavity is provided inside the light guide cover 121. 125.
  • the circuit board 190 is installed on the end 111 of the lamp holder 110, it extends into the cavity 125 from the mouth.
  • the housing is a light guide cover 121, and a heat dissipation cover 122 is provided inside the light guide cover 121.
  • Both the light guide cover 121 and the heat dissipation cover 122 are cylindrical, and the heat dissipation cover 122 There is an inner cavity 1222 inside, and the heat dissipation cover 122 is provided on the inner wall of the light guide outer cover 121.
  • the heat dissipation cover 122 can also be replaced by a reflective layer.
  • the heat dissipation cover 122 is made of thermally conductive material, and its fixed end 123 has an outer flange 1221.
  • the heat dissipation cover 122 is connected to the lamp holder 110 through its outer flange 1221.
  • the first light source 130 is in the shape of a ring.
  • the first light source 130 can be made of a plurality of LED lamp beads.
  • the first light source 130 is installed on the outer flange 1221 of the heat dissipation cover 122.
  • the light guide outer cover The fixed end 123 of 121 is connected to the outer flange 1221 and contacts the first light source 130 .
  • the heat generated by the first light source 130 can be transferred to the heat dissipation cover 122 through the outer flange 1221, and the heat can be fully dissipated.
  • the space at its rear end can be It is used to install the circuit board 190, and the space at the front end can be used to install the second light source 150.
  • the specific structure is as follows:
  • An installation port 1223 is provided at the front end of the heat dissipation cover 122.
  • a photomask 140 is provided at the installation port 1223.
  • a second light source 150 is installed in the photomask 140.
  • a heat sink 160 is provided outside the photomask 140. ;
  • the front end of the light mask 140 is provided with a front end cover 170.
  • the front end cover 170 has an outer edge area and a middle area.
  • a light blocking ring 171 is provided in the outer edge area. The light transmittance of the light blocking ring 171 is lower than that of the middle area.
  • the light ring 171 is at least partially located at the front end of the light guide cover 121.
  • the light blocking ring 171 can prevent light from escaping from the sides of the light guide cover 121; the front end cover 170 can be connected to the light cover 140 through screws or buckles.
  • the middle area of the cover 170 can be directly hollowed out, or different materials, different light transmittances, and different colors can be used to adjust the light emitted by the second light source 150 .
  • the second light source 150 can realize the front illumination of the lighting device. According to the needs of the use scene, the first light source 130 and the second light source 150 can use different illumination intensities. In this way, the lighting device can meet different functions. Demand or decorative need.
  • a relief groove 1212 can be provided at the end 1211 of the cylindrical light guide outer cover 121 , and the LED lamp beads of the first light source 130 can be located in the relief groove 1212 .
  • the heat sink 160 adopts a cup-shaped structure.
  • the light mask 140 includes a main cover body 141 and a fixed ring 142.
  • the front end of the cover body 141 is provided with a light guide plate 1413, and the middle part of the fixed ring 142 has a light-transmitting Hole 1421, the fixing ring 142 is connected to the heat sink 160 through screws or buckles, Thereby, the second light source 150 is fixed between the two, and the LED lamp beads of the second light source 150 transmit light from the light-transmitting hole 1421 to reduce the scattering of light.
  • Two lugs are provided on the main cover 141.
  • the fixed ring 142 is provided with two slots 1422.
  • the main cover 141 is inserted into the slots 1422 of the fixed ring 142 through the two lugs 1412.
  • the main cover 141 is fixed on the fixed ring 142 by rotating the main cover 141.
  • the ring 142 adopts the connection method of lugs 1412 and slots 1422 to facilitate the installation and disassembly of the main cover body 141 and facilitate later maintenance.
  • the heat dissipation area is larger, the heat dissipation effect is very ideal, the lighting power of the lighting device can be larger, and two lighting forms of outer light guide light and center direct light are introduced, in which the outer light source side light and the light guide tube are uniform The light is softer and not dazzling.
  • the central direct light source is deeply hidden, and the direct light intensity is sufficient without glare.
  • the structure shown in the figure of this embodiment is a sling type structure. It can be understood that for those of ordinary skill in the art, different lamp holder structures can be used according to needs, for example, a (threaded or snap-on) lamp head type structure can be used.

Abstract

一种外壳表面自发光的照明装置,包括电连接端(1)和发光组件,电连接端(1)与电源连接,发光组件包括可发光的灯壳,以及控制灯壳发光的电路板(190),灯壳包括至少部分由可以主动发光的OLED、MicroLED材料或可被动发光的背光材料制成的壳体(2)。照明装置的灯壳可以发光,能实现更大的照射范围,在灯壳内部形成较大的空腔,便于容纳更多更大的散热组件和电子组件,与传统LED灯泡相比,在同样大小和外形下,照明功率更高,照面角度更大,照明方式更灵活,散热更好,寿命更长。

Description

外壳表面自发光的照明装置
该专利申请享有中国专利:202220948627.X,名称为:外壳表面自发光的照明装置的优先权,该中国专利的申请日为:2022年4月23日。
技术领域
本实用新型涉及照明领域,尤其涉及一种外壳表面自发光的照明装置。
背景技术
LED灯因为其节能,亮度大,寿命长等优点,现在已经逐渐取代传统的日光灯、白炽灯,成为第一光源选择的首选。但是LED灯在使用过程中也存在着一些问题:
首先,相比传统白炽灯,LED光线过于刺眼,让人不可直视。
其次,LED灯泡照射角度有限制,LED灯泡一般只能照射120°,偏离该角度后光线迅速减弱,而传统的白炽灯和节能灯灯泡几乎可照射360°。
第三,LED灯泡与传统灯泡外形相似,其外形限制了灯泡,电路板,散热翅片的尺寸和安装,而电路板和散热翅片的尺寸又反过来限制了LED灯泡的功率和寿命。
实用新型内容
为了克服现有技术中的缺陷,本实用新型实施例提供了一种外壳表面自发光的照明装置,其发光柔和,照射角度大,散热效率高,使用寿命长。
为达到上述目的,本实用新型采用的技术方案是:
一种外壳表面自发光的照明装置,包括电连接端和发光组件,所述电连接端与电源连接,所述发光组件包括可发光的灯壳,以及控制灯壳发光的电路板,所述灯壳包括至少部分由可以主动发光的OLED、MicroLED或背光材料制成的壳体。
本实用新型通过在灯壳表面发光,能实现更大的照射范围,可以在灯壳内部形成较大的空腔,便于容纳更多更大的散热组件和电子组件,使得灯泡的灯壳直接连接于电连接端照射角度更广,照射强度更大,使用寿命更高。
进一步可选的,所述灯壳包括第一光源,所述壳体至少部分由背光材料制成,所述壳体具有光线入射端,所述第一光源设置在壳体的光线入射端。
进一步可选的,所述壳体内部设有空腔,所述第一光源设置在靠近壳体壁部的位置/或壳体壁部内。
壳体可以由OLED、MicroLED等可以自发光的材料制成,因而可以在壳体内部的空间布置发光LED。此外,壳体可以是全部由背光材料制成,也可以只是部分由背光材料制成,例如,由背光材料和非背光材料组合而成。壳体上的背光材料需要另外设置第一光源,需要在灯壳上设置光线入射端,并在光线入射端设置第一光源,第一光源发出的光线射入灯壳壳壁实现灯壳的发光。这种情况下,不同于传统灯泡,其第一光源并不设置在壳体内部,壳体内部空出更多的空间,以便容纳更多更大的电子器件。并且从制造和成本角度考虑,采用背光材料制成的壳体更有优势。
需要说明的是,本实用新型中的背光材料是指具有导管点的高反射率的材料,利用导光点,将第一光源射入的光线,往各个角度扩散,使背光材料均匀发光,形成面第一光源的材料。
对第一光源而言,本领域技术人员可以根据需要,设置成是环形的第一光源或者点状分布的第一光源,只要能够使灯壳发光照明即可。
进一步可选的,所述壳体为导光外罩,在所述导光外罩的内壁设置有反光 罩或反光层。
进一步可选的,所述电连接端包括有灯座,所述导光外罩内设有散热罩,散热罩为导热材料制成,其固定端具有外翻边,所述散热罩通过其外翻边与所述灯座连接,所述第一光源呈环状,该第一光源安装于外翻边上,所述壳体的入射端呈环状,其入射端靠近环状的所述第一光源。
进一步可选的,所述导光外罩、散热罩均呈圆筒状,所述散热罩的内部具有内腔,所述灯座的前端具有端头,在端头的内部设置有前端腔,所述电路板安装于该前端腔内或安装于前端腔的前部,该端头伸入所述内腔内。
进一步可选的,在所述散热罩的前端设有安装端口,在该安装端口处设置有光罩,在光罩内安装有第二光源,在所述光罩外套设有散热筒;光罩的前端设置有前端罩,前端罩具有外缘区域及中部区,在外缘区设置有挡光环,该挡光环的透光率低于中部区的透光率,挡光环至少部分位于所述导光外罩的前端。
进一步可选的,所述壳体包括可相互拼合、并分离的第一壳体和第二壳体,所述第一壳体和第二壳体相互拼合的端部为各自的光线入射端,第一壳体和第二壳体的拼合处还形成有容纳第一光源的容纳空间,所述第一光源设置在第一壳体和第二壳体的容纳空间内。
把壳体分成两个可以拼合的部分,并把第一光源设置在拼合的位置,便于第一光源和壳体的组装。且两个壳体可以实现第一第二壳体不同的发光模式,实现两个部分不同的光照效果。
进一步可选的,所述第一光源包括相互分隔的第一光源和第二光源,所述第一光源的光导入第一壳体,所述第二光源的光导入第二壳体。
这时,壳体的两个部分分别对应各自的第一光源,进行独立控制。例如,单独控制第一壳体或第二壳体发光,另一个壳体不发光,从而实现更多的照明效果。
进一步可选的,所述第一光源和第二光源分别由第一支架和第二支架支 撑,所述第第一支架和第二支架设置在壳体内,第一支架具有第一安装座,第二支架具有第二安装座,第一安装座和第二安装座接近第一壳体和第二壳体的光线入射端,用于安装第一光源和第二光源,所述第一光源和第二光源相背设置,通过第一安装座和/第二安装座分隔。
进一步可选的,所述容纳空间内设置有挡光板,所述挡光板设置在第一光源远离壳体空腔的一侧,防止第一光源发出的光线直接从壳体侧部射出。
对于上述挡光板而言,一方面可以将挡光板设置在安装坐上,也可以单独设施在容纳空间内,同时也要确保其长度能阻挡光线从侧面射出。
进一步可选的,所述壳体表面部分向内凹陷,凹陷处设有直射第一光源,直射第一光源直接向外射出光线进行照明。
进一步可选的,所述壳体远离电连接端的一端表面向内凹陷,凹陷处设有直射第一光源及固定直射第一光源的散热支架,直射第一光源向上或下照射。
本实用新型提供另一种照明装置,其包括灯座、壳体及第一光源,壳体安装于灯座上,所述壳体由导光材料制成,在所述导光外罩的内壁设置有反光罩或反光层,第一光源靠近所述壳体。
进一步可选的,所述灯座上还安装有用于控制的电路板,所述导光外罩与灯座连接的一端为固定端,所述导光外罩的固定端具有口部,所述导光外罩的内部设有空腔,所述电路板从口部伸入所述空腔。
进一步可选的,在所述导光外罩上设有多个散光孔,该散光孔从所述导光外罩的内壁向外壁方向延伸。
通过在壳体上设置另外的照射第一光源,光线直接进行照射,而不通过背光材料照射,既可以用灯壳发光的方式也可以用第一光源直射发光的方式。另外对于直射第一光源的设置而言,既可以设置成向下照射,也可以设置成向上照射或者其他需要的方向,并不做任何限定。
本实用新型的灯壳可以直接发光,第一光源设置在灯壳内,因此灯壳内部 的空间可以用于容纳控制照明装置的电子器件,而不必在灯壳和电连接端之间设置专门的电子器件容纳部位。因此本实用新型的照明装置,与传统LED灯泡相比,在同样大小和外形下,可以做到照明功率更高,照面角度更大,照明方式更灵活多样,散热更好,寿命更长。
附图说明
为了更清楚地说明本实用新型实施例或现有技术中的技术方案,下面将对实施例或现有技术描述中所需要使用的附图作简单地介绍,显而易见地,下面描述中的附图仅仅是本实用新型的一些实施例,对于本领域普通技术人员来讲,在不付出创造性劳动的前提下,还可以根据这些附图获得其他的附图。
图1是本实用新型第一个实施方式的结构示意图;
图2是本实用新型第二个实施方式的结构示意图;
图3是本实用新型第三个实施方式的剖视图;
图4是本实用新型第四个实施方式的剖视图;
图5是本实用新型第四个实施方式的爆炸图;
图6是本实用新型第四个实施方式中的灯座的结构示意图;
图7是本实用新型第四个实施方式中的光罩的结构示意图;
图8是本实用新型第四个实施方式中的光罩与前端罩,在第一方向的结构示意图;
图9是本实用新型第四个实施方式中的光罩与前端罩,在第二方向的结构示意图;
以上附图的附图标记:
1、电连接端;2、壳体;21、第一壳体;22、第二壳体;3、光源;31、
第一光源;32、第二光源;4、支架;41、第一支架;411、第一安装座;42、第二支架;421、第二安装座;43、安装座;5、挡光板;51、第一挡光板;52、第二挡光板;6、直射第一光源;
110、灯座,111、端头,1111、前端腔,
121、导光外罩,1211、端部,1212、让位槽,122、散热罩,1221、外翻
边,1222、内腔,1223、安装端口,123、固定端,124、口部,125、空腔,
130、第一光源,
140、光罩,141、主罩体,1412、卡耳,1413、导光板,142、固定环,
1422、卡槽,1421、透光孔,
150、第二光源,
160、散热筒,
170、前端罩,171、挡光环,
190、电路板。
具体实施方式
为了便于理解本实用新型,下面将参照说明书附图对本实用新型的具体实施例进行更详细的描述。
除非特别说明或另有定义,本文所使用的“第一、第二…”仅仅是用于对名称的区分,不代表具体的数量或顺序。
除非特别说明或另有定义,本文所使用的术语“和/或”包括一个或多个相关的所列项目的任意的和所有的组合。
需要说明的是,本文中“固定于”、“连接于”,可以是直接固定或连接于一个元件,也可以是间接固定或连接于一个元件。
实施例一:
参见图1所示,一种外壳表面自发光的照明装置,包括电连接端1和连接在电连接端1上的发光组件,所述发光组件包括可发光的灯壳,以及控制灯壳发光的电路板(未示出),所述灯壳包括壳体2,所述壳体2包括第一壳体21和第二壳体22,第一壳体21和第二壳体22拼合成大致成椭圆形的灯壳的壳体2。
在本实施例中,壳体2大致为椭圆形,当然也可以根据需要设置成其他的形状。另外,壳体2也可以根据需要分成多个部分,实现更多独立的照明单元。
所述第一壳体21和第二壳体22拼合的端部为光线入射端,分别设置内凹的容纳空间,容纳空间内设置有相应的第一光源31和第二光源32。第一光源31和第二光源32在容纳空间内发出光线,分别进入背光材料制成的第一壳体21和第二壳体22内。
其中,对于光源3而言,可以是环形的光源,或者沿着壳体2周向分布的点状光源等多种形态。
所述第一光源31和第二光源32分别由第一支架41和第二支架42支撑,所述第一支架41和第二支架42设置在壳体2内,第一支架41具有第一安装座411,第二支架42具有第二安装座421,第一安装座411和第二安装座421设置在第一壳体21和第二壳体22的光线入射端,第一光源31和第二光源32分别设置在第一安装座411和第二安装座421上。所述第一光源31和第二光源32相背设置,第一安装座411和第二安装座421将第一光源31和第二光源32分隔。因此,当第一光源31或者第二光源32单独发光时,光线不会进入第二壳体22或者第一壳体21,影响发光的视觉效果。
所述第一安装座411和第二安装座421上设置有第一挡光板51和第二挡光板52,所述第一挡光板51和第二挡光板52设置在光源远离壳体空腔的一侧,防止光源发出的光线直接从壳体2侧部射出。
对于支架4而言,一方面要考虑到其散热功能,因此可以选择具有较好散 热性能的材料,比如铝材。另外支架4位于壳体2内部空间的形状,可以按照壳体2内表面的形态设置,使得壳体2内部可以空出具有较大连续的空间,以容纳其他器件。
实施例二:
参见图2所示,一种外壳表面自发光的照明装置,包括电连接端1和连接在电连接端1上的发光组件,所述发光组件包括可发光的灯壳,以及控制灯壳发光的电路板(未示出),所述灯壳包括壳体2,壳体2由背光材料制成。
所述壳体2包括与电连接端1连接的连接端,以及从连接端斜外延伸的罩体,壳体2远离连接端的端部设置有内凹的容纳空间,容纳空间内设置光源3,所述光源3由控制电路控制。使用时,在壳体2容纳空间内的光源的射出的光线进入壳体内,壳体表面均匀发光。
其中,光源可以是环形的光源,或者是沿着壳体周向分布的点状光源等多种形态。
所述光源3由支架4支撑,支架4设置在壳体内,支架4上还设有安装座43,安装座43伸到容纳空间一侧,所述光源3设置在安装座43上。
所述安装座43上还设置有挡光板5,所述挡光板5设置在光源远离灯壳空腔的一侧,防止光源发出的光线直接从壳体侧部射出。
对于支架4而言,要考虑到光源的散热,因此可以选择具有较好散热性能的材料,比如铝材等。另外,支架4位于壳体内部空间的形状,可以沿着壳体内表面的形态设置,使得壳体内部可以空出具有较大连续的空间,以容纳其他器件。
所述壳体的下端表面部分向内凹陷,凹陷处设有直射光源6,直射光源6安装在设置在壳体内部的另外的支架4上,直射光源6的光线用于直接照明。
使用时,上述灯泡可以根据需要单独或者同时打开灯壳的光源和/或直射光源6。
同样的,对于支架4而言,一方面要考虑到其散热功能,因此选择具有较好散热性能的材料,比如铝材。另外,支架4位于壳体内部空间的形状,可以按照壳体内表面的形态设置,使得壳体内部可以空出具有较大连续的空间,以容纳其他器件。
实施例三
如图3所示,本实施例公开了一种照明装置,该实施例为本实用新型的另一种变形,该照明装置包括灯座110、壳体及第一光源130,壳体安装于灯座110上,所述壳体为导光外罩121,所述导光外罩121的内壁具有反光层、反光罩或反光板,本实施例中,所述壳体的内壁具有反光层,该反光层通过涂覆的方式设置,第一光源130靠近所述壳体。
所述灯座110的前端具有端头111,在端头111的内部设置有前端腔1111,所述电路板190安装于该前端腔1111的前端,也可以安装于前端腔1111内,该电路板190用于对照明装置进行控制。
所述导光外罩121与灯座110连接的一端为固定端123,所述导光外罩121的固定端123具有口部(图中未标注),所述导光外罩121的内部设有空腔125,所述电路板190安装于灯座110的端头111后,从口部伸入所述空腔125内。
本实施例中,所述壳体为导光外罩121,在所述导光外罩121内设有散热罩122,所述导光外罩121、散热罩122均呈圆筒状,所述散热罩122的内部具有内腔(图中未标注),所述散热罩122设置于所述导光外罩121的内壁。本实施例中,所述散热罩122采用导热材料制成,其固定端123具有外翻边1221,所述散热罩122通过其外翻边1221与所述灯座110连接,本实施例中,所述第一光源130呈环状,该第一光源130可以由多个LED灯珠制成,将该第一光源130安装于所述散热罩122的外翻边1221上,所述导光外罩121的固定端123连接在外翻边1221处,并与所述第一光源130接触。第一光源130所产生的热量可以通过外翻边1221传递至散热罩122上,并实现热量的充分散发。
本实施例中,由于壳体采用导光材料,其内侧设置有反光层,减少光的损 失,在所述导光外罩121上设有多个散光孔形成阵列,该散光孔从所述导光外罩121的内壁向外壁方向延伸,在散光孔的附近形成散光区,当光线经进该区域时会形成多次的散射,而使光线逐渐趋于均匀、柔和,散光孔通常采用微孔结构;散光孔结构使光线与传统的照射式光线相比更为柔和,可以使眼睛感觉更舒适。
其次,第一光源130的光线通过壳体进行导光,其照射范围不受照射光线的角度的限制,其照射范围更广。
再次,第一光源130的光线通过壳体进行导光,在安装时,第一光源130可以不需要设置于所述壳体之内,可以节省壳体内的大量空间,用于安装其他部件,减少了空间的浪费。
实施例四
如图4至图9所示,为另一种照明装置的结构。相对于本实施例而言,实施例三为相对简化的结构设计,本实施例相对于实施例三有进一步的结构改进。
该照明装置包括灯座110、壳体及第一光源130,壳体安装于灯座110上,所述壳体由导光材料制成,所述壳体的内壁具有反光层或反光板,第一光源130靠近所述壳体。
所述灯座110的前端具有端头111,在端头111的内部设置有前端腔1111,所述电路板190安装于该前端腔1111的前端,也可以安装于前端腔1111内,该电路板190用于对照明装置进行控制。
所述导光外罩121与灯座110连接的一端为固定端123,所述导光外罩121的固定端123具有口部(图中未标注),所述导光外罩121的内部设有空腔125,所述电路板190安装于灯座110的端头111后,从口部伸入所述空腔125内。
本实施例中,所述壳体为导光外罩121,在所述导光外罩121内设有散热罩122,所述导光外罩121、散热罩122均呈圆筒状,所述散热罩122的内部具有内腔1222,所述散热罩122设置于所述导光外罩121的内壁,可以理解, 该散热罩122也可以用反光层代替。本实施例中,所述散热罩122采用导热材料制成,其固定端123具有外翻边1221,所述散热罩122通过其外翻边1221与所述灯座110连接,本实施例中,所述第一光源130呈环状,该第一光源130可以由多个LED灯珠制成,将该第一光源130安装于所述散热罩122的外翻边1221上,所述导光外罩121的固定端123连接在外翻边1221处,并与所述第一光源130接触。第一光源130所产生的热量可以通过外翻边1221传递至散热罩122上,并实现热量的充分散发。
如图4至图5所示,由于第一光源130可以不需要设置于所述壳体之内,可以节省壳体内的大量空间,用于安装其他部件,本实施例中,其后端的空间可以用于安装电路板190,其前端的空间可以用于安装第二光源150,具体结构如下:
在所述散热罩122的前端设有安装端口1223,在该安装端口1223处设置有光罩140,在光罩140内安装有第二光源150,在所述光罩140外套设有散热筒160;光罩140的前端设置有前端罩170,前端罩170具有外缘区域及中部区,在外缘区设置有挡光环171,该挡光环171的透光率低于中部区的透光率,挡光环171至少部分位于所述导光外罩121的前端,挡光环171可以防止光从导光外罩121的侧边流失;前端罩170可以通过螺钉或卡扣的方式与所述光罩140连接,前端罩170的中部区可以直接采用镂空的方式,也可以采用不同材料、不同透光率、不同颜色的方式对第二光源150射出的光线进行调节。
本实施例中,第二光源150可以实现照明装置对于前方的照射,根据使用场景的需要,第一光源130与第二光源150可以采用不同的光照强度,这样,该照明装置可以满足不同的功能需求或装饰需要。
为提高导光效果,可以在筒状的所述导光外罩121的端部1211开设有让位槽1212,所述第一光源130的LED灯珠可以位于该让位槽1212内。
为方便安装及加工,所述散热筒160采用杯形结构,所述光罩140包括主罩体141及固定环142,罩体141的前端设有导光板1413,固定环142的中部具有透光孔1421,所述固定环142通过螺钉或卡扣方式与散热筒160进行连接, 从而将所述第二光源150固定于两者之间,第二光源150的LED灯珠从透光孔1421处透光,减少光的散射,在主罩体141上设置两个卡耳,在所述固定环142上设有两个卡槽1422,主罩体141通过两个卡耳1412卡入固定环142的卡槽1422内,通过旋转主罩体141而将主罩体141固定于固定环142上,采用卡耳1412、卡槽1422的连接方式,方便主罩体141的安装与拆卸,便于后期的维护。
本实施例与实施例三相同的原理及优点,此处不再赘述。
本实施例中,散热面积更大,散热效果非常理想,照明装置的光照功率可以更大,并引入了外表导光出光和中心直射出光两种光照形式,其中外表光源侧光并导光筒匀光更柔和,不刺眼,中心直射光源深藏,直射光照强度充足,也不眩光。以此解决了LED照明行业一直存在的散热差、眩光重、刺眼的缺陷。
本实施例图示结构为吊绳式结构,可以理解,对于本领域的普通技术人员来说,可以根据需要采用不同的灯座结构,如可以采用(螺纹或卡扣的)灯头式结构。
本实用新型中应用了具体实施例对本实用新型的原理及实施方式进行了阐述,以上实施例的说明只是用于帮助理解本实用新型的方法及其核心思想;同时,对于本领域的一般技术人员,依据本实用新型的思想,在具体实施方式及应用范围上均会有改变之处,综上所述,本说明书内容不应理解为对本实用新型的限制。

Claims (19)

  1. 一种外壳表面自发光的照明装置,其特征在于:包括电连接端和发光组件,所述电连接端与电源连接,所述发光组件包括可发光的灯壳,以及控制灯壳发光的电路板,所述灯壳包括至少部分由可以主动发光的OLED、MicroLED材料或可被动发光的背光材料制成的壳体。
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的一种外壳表面自发光的照明装置,其特征在于:所述灯壳包括第一光源,所述壳体至少部分由背光材料制成,所述壳体具有光线入射端,所述第一光源设置在壳体的光线入射端。
  3. 根据权利要求2所述的一种外壳表面自发光的照明装置,其特征在于:所述壳体为导光外罩,在所述导光外罩的内壁设置有反光罩或反光层。
  4. 根据权利要求3所述的一种外壳表面自发光的照明装置,其特征在于:所述电连接端包括有灯座,所述导光外罩内设有散热罩,散热罩为导热材料制成,其固定端具有外翻边,所述散热罩通过其外翻边与所述灯座连接,所述第一光源呈环状,该第一光源安装于外翻边上,所述壳体的入射端呈环状,其入射端靠近环状的所述第一光源。
  5. 根据权利要求4所述的一种外壳表面自发光的照明装置,其特征在于:所述导光外罩、散热罩均呈圆筒状,所述散热罩的内部具有内腔,所述灯座的前端具有端头,在端头的内部设置有前端腔,所述电路板安装于该前端腔内或安装于前端腔的前部,该端头伸入所述内腔内。
  6. 根据权利要求5所述的一种外壳表面自发光的照明装置,其特征在于:在所述散热罩的前端设有安装端口,在该安装端口处设置有光罩,在光罩内安装有第二光源,在所述光罩外套设有散热筒;光罩的前端设置有前端罩,前端罩具有外缘区域及中部区,在外缘区设置有挡光环,该挡光环的透光率低于中部区的透光率,挡光环至少部分位于所述导光外罩的前端。
  7. 根据权利要求2所述的一种外壳表面自发光的照明装置,其特征在于:所述壳体内部设有空腔,所述第一光源设置在空腔的侧部。
  8. 根据权利要求7所述的一种外壳表面自发光的照明装置,其特征在于: 所述壳体包括可相互拼合并分离的第一壳体和第二壳体,所述第一壳体和第二壳体相互拼合的端部为各自的光线入射端,第一壳体和第二壳体的拼合处形成容纳第一光源的容纳空间,所述第一光源设置在第一壳体和第二壳体拼合的容纳空间内。
  9. 根据权利要求8所述的一种外壳表面自发光的照明装置,其特征在于:所述第一光源包括相互分隔的第一光源和第二光源,所述第一光源的光导入第一壳体,所述第二光源的光导入第二壳体。
  10. 根据权利要求9所述的一种外壳表面自发光的照明装置,其特征在于:所述第一光源和第二光源分别由第一支架和第二支架支撑,所述第一支架和第二支架设置在壳体内,第一支架具有第一安装座,第二支架具有第二安装座,第一安装座和第二安装座接近第一壳体和第二壳体的光线入射端,用于安装第一光源和第二光源,所述第一光源和第二光源相背设置,通过第一安装座和/第二安装座分隔。
  11. 根据权利要求8至10任一所述的一种外壳表面自发光的照明装置,其特征在于:所述容纳空间内设置有挡光板,所述挡光板设置在第一光源远离壳体空腔的一侧,防止第一光源发出的光线直接从壳体侧部射出。
  12. 根据权利要求8至10任一所述的一种外壳表面自发光的照明装置,其特征在于:所述壳体表面部分向内凹陷,凹陷处设有直射第一光源,直射第一光源直接向外射出光线进行照明。
  13. 根据权利要求12所述的一种外壳表面自发光的照明装置,其特征在于:所述壳体远离电连接端的一端表面向内凹陷,凹陷处设有直射第一光源及固定直射第一光源的散热支架,直射第一光源向上或下照射。
  14. 一种照明装置,其特征在于:包括灯座、壳体及第一光源,壳体安装于灯座上,所述壳体为导光外罩,在所述导光外罩的内壁设置有反光罩或反光层,第一光源靠近所述壳体。
  15. 根据权利要求14所述的一种外壳表面自发光的照明装置,其特征在于: 所述导光外罩内设有散热罩,散热罩为导热材料制成,其固定端具有外翻边,所述散热罩通过其外翻边与所述灯座连接,所述第一光源呈环状,该第一光源安装于外翻边上,所述壳体的入射端呈环状,其入射端靠近环状的所述第一光源。
  16. 根据权利要求15所述的一种外壳表面自发光的照明装置,其特征在于:所述导光外罩、散热罩均呈圆筒状,所述散热罩的内部具有内腔,所述灯座的前端具有端头,在端头的内部设置有前端腔,所述电路板安装于该前端腔内或安装于前端腔的前部,该端头伸入所述内腔内。
  17. 根据权利要求16所述的一种外壳表面自发光的照明装置,其特征在于:在所述散热罩的前端设有安装端口,在该安装端口处设置有光罩,在光罩内安装有第二光源,在所述光罩外套设有散热筒;光罩的前端设置有前端罩,前端罩具有外缘区域及中部区,在外缘区设置有挡光环,该挡光环的透光率低于中部区的透光率,挡光环至少部分位于所述导光外罩的前端。
  18. 根据权利要求14所述的一种照明装置,其特征在于:所述灯座上还安装有用于控制的电路板,所述导光外罩与灯座连接的一端为固定端,所述导光外罩的固定端具有口部,所述导光外罩的内部设有空腔,所述电路板从口部伸入所述空腔。
  19. 根据权利要求14至18中任一项所述的一种照明装置,其特征在于:在所述导光外罩上设有多个散光孔,该散光孔从所述导光外罩的内壁向外壁方向延伸。
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