WO2022141609A1 - 一种俯卧用人体生态手术架 - Google Patents

一种俯卧用人体生态手术架 Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2022141609A1
WO2022141609A1 PCT/CN2021/000234 CN2021000234W WO2022141609A1 WO 2022141609 A1 WO2022141609 A1 WO 2022141609A1 CN 2021000234 W CN2021000234 W CN 2021000234W WO 2022141609 A1 WO2022141609 A1 WO 2022141609A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
frame
ecological
rod
bed
longitudinal beam
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PCT/CN2021/000234
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English (en)
French (fr)
Inventor
窦鹤鸿
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北京彼岸鸿桥医疗科技有限公司
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Publication of WO2022141609A1 publication Critical patent/WO2022141609A1/zh

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G13/00Operating tables; Auxiliary appliances therefor
    • A61G13/10Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G13/12Rests specially adapted therefor; Arrangements of patient-supporting surfaces
    • A61G13/1205Rests specially adapted therefor; Arrangements of patient-supporting surfaces for specific parts of the body
    • A61G13/121Head or neck
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G13/00Operating tables; Auxiliary appliances therefor
    • A61G13/02Adjustable operating tables; Controls therefor
    • A61G13/06Adjustable operating tables; Controls therefor raising or lowering of the whole table surface
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G13/00Operating tables; Auxiliary appliances therefor
    • A61G13/10Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G13/12Rests specially adapted therefor; Arrangements of patient-supporting surfaces
    • A61G13/1205Rests specially adapted therefor; Arrangements of patient-supporting surfaces for specific parts of the body
    • A61G13/122Upper body, e.g. chest
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G13/00Operating tables; Auxiliary appliances therefor
    • A61G13/10Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G13/12Rests specially adapted therefor; Arrangements of patient-supporting surfaces
    • A61G13/1205Rests specially adapted therefor; Arrangements of patient-supporting surfaces for specific parts of the body
    • A61G13/123Lower body, e.g. pelvis, hip, buttocks
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G13/00Operating tables; Auxiliary appliances therefor
    • A61G13/10Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G13/12Rests specially adapted therefor; Arrangements of patient-supporting surfaces
    • A61G13/1205Rests specially adapted therefor; Arrangements of patient-supporting surfaces for specific parts of the body
    • A61G13/1245Knees, upper or lower legs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G13/00Operating tables; Auxiliary appliances therefor
    • A61G13/10Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G13/12Rests specially adapted therefor; Arrangements of patient-supporting surfaces
    • A61G13/128Rests specially adapted therefor; Arrangements of patient-supporting surfaces with mechanical surface adaptations
    • A61G13/1285Rests specially adapted therefor; Arrangements of patient-supporting surfaces with mechanical surface adaptations having modular surface parts, e.g. being replaceable or turnable
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61GTRANSPORT, PERSONAL CONVEYANCES, OR ACCOMMODATION SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR PATIENTS OR DISABLED PERSONS; OPERATING TABLES OR CHAIRS; CHAIRS FOR DENTISTRY; FUNERAL DEVICES
    • A61G13/00Operating tables; Auxiliary appliances therefor
    • A61G13/10Parts, details or accessories
    • A61G13/12Rests specially adapted therefor; Arrangements of patient-supporting surfaces
    • A61G13/128Rests specially adapted therefor; Arrangements of patient-supporting surfaces with mechanical surface adaptations
    • A61G13/129Rests specially adapted therefor; Arrangements of patient-supporting surfaces with mechanical surface adaptations having surface parts for adaptation of the size, e.g. for extension or reduction

Definitions

  • the invention relates to the technical field of medical devices, in particular to a human body ecological surgical frame for prone lying.
  • the prone position is a surgical method that needs to be adopted in the treatment of many diseases.
  • the existing technology does not have special equipment for the operation or treatment of the patient's prone position.
  • the solution is to add various cushions under the patient's body and use four head
  • the support is supported by the square support frame of the pillar.
  • Male patients should smooth the genitals to avoid twisting pressure, female patients should avoid squeezing the chest, and mouth and nose should prevent breathing obstruction.
  • a clear division of labor is required and close cooperation is required. This is already a professional course for nursing staff. A lot of human, financial and material resources have been invested.
  • Prone surgery or treatment is especially true for critically ill patients with the respiratory system.
  • immobilizing patients in prone position has become a common treatment strategy adopted by medical staff around the world to treat critically ill patients, and has achieved a very obvious therapeutic effect.
  • turning the patient from supine to prone has also become the heaviest "manual labor" for medical staff.
  • the purpose of the present invention is to provide a human body ecological operating frame for prone position, which is helpful to solve the above technical problems.
  • the present invention is realized in this way:
  • a human body ecological operating frame for prone lying which comprises an ecological frame, a cross bar, a lifting rod and an operating bed; the ecological frame is arranged on the horizontal rod, and the two ends of the horizontal rod are respectively provided with the lifting rod;
  • the lifting rod includes an upper rod section, a sleeve and a lower rod section; one end of the upper rod section is connected with the cross rod, and the other end is arranged in the sleeve; the lower rod section is L-shaped, so One end of the lower rod section is arranged in the sleeve, and the other end is used to be arranged on the operating bed;
  • the ecological frame includes a head ecological frame, a trunk ecological frame and a leg ecological frame arranged in sequence along the first direction, The first direction is perpendicular to the length direction of the cross bar;
  • the trunk ecological frame includes a first boom, a chest and abdomen ecological frame and a second boom; the first boom, the chest and abdomen ecological frame and the second boom are arranged in sequence along the length direction of the cross
  • the patient is lying on the bed at first, and the ecological frame fixed on the horizontal bar is first fixed on the top of the hospital bed through the horizontal bar and the lifting rod, so that each part of the ecological frame is fastened to the body of the human body. above. Then, by adjusting the length of the pressure stud, the weight of the ecological frame, the horizontal bar and the lifting rod is applied to the bed surface to achieve the effect that the ecological frame is in contact with the patient's body without compressing the patient, and then adjust the L-shaped lifting rod.
  • the patient is located between the ecological frame and the second frame of the operating bed, and the second frame of the operating bed, the ecological frame, the patient Lifting to a certain height, the patient can be turned over by rotating the shaft.
  • the patient is lying prone on the ecological frame, and the L-shaped lifting rod is in an upside-down direction.
  • leg ecological frame is independent from the chest and abdomen ecological frame.
  • the patient's head, chest and abdomen are located on another ecological frame supported by the first frame bed frame, and the legs are located on the leg ecological frame supported by the independent support frame of other structures.
  • the legs are open and the crotch is empty, which is convenient for Treatment or surgery by medical staff.
  • the hinge shaft of the first arm frame and the chest and abdomen ecological frame is parallel to the axis of the sleeve
  • the hinge shaft of the second arm frame and the chest and abdomen ecological frame is parallel to the sleeve.
  • the axes are parallel; the hinge shaft of the first leg frame and the chest and abdomen ecological frame is parallel to the axis of the sleeve, and the hinge shaft of the second leg frame and the chest and abdomen ecological frame is parallel to the sleeve.
  • Axes are parallel.
  • the upper rod section and the lower rod section are both screwed with the sleeve; the sleeve is provided with an internal thread, and the outer wall of the upper rod section and the outer wall of the lower rod section are respectively provided with Rotate to the opposite male thread.
  • the upper rod segments are all rotatably connected to the cross rod; the upper rod segment can rotate around the axis of the cross rod.
  • a fixed straight rod is also included; after the lifting rod is removed, the horizontal rod can be fixedly installed on the operating bed through the fixed straight rod; the cross-section of the horizontal rod is rectangular.
  • the pressure stud is screwed with the cross bar, and the cross bar is placed on the upper surface of the operating bed through the pressure stud.
  • the head ecological rack includes a support rod, an arc-shaped shield and a jaw rest, and the arc-shaped shield is arranged on the cross bar through the support rod to support the head; the jaw
  • the bracket is arranged on the support rod through two fixing pieces for supporting the jaw; one end of the fixing piece is hinged with the jaw support, and the other end is hinged with the support rod.
  • the operating bed includes a first frame, a second frame, a column and a lifting device; the first frame and the second frame are both rectangular frames, and the second frame is arranged in the first frame , a rotating shaft is disposed between the first frame and the second frame, and the second frame can rotate relative to the first frame around the axis of the rotating shaft.
  • the first frame includes a first bed frame and a second bed frame; the first bed frame includes a first beam, a first longitudinal beam and a second longitudinal beam; the second bed frame includes a second beam , a third longitudinal beam and a fourth longitudinal beam; the first transverse beam and the second transverse beam are parallel to each other, the first longitudinal beam and the third longitudinal beam are arranged coaxially, and the second longitudinal beam and the The fourth longitudinal beam is coaxially arranged; when the first longitudinal beam is attached to the third longitudinal beam and the second longitudinal beam is attached to the fourth longitudinal beam, the first transverse beam, the third longitudinal beam A longitudinal beam, a third longitudinal beam, a second transverse beam, a fourth longitudinal beam, and a second longitudinal beam are connected in sequence, so that the first frame is rectangular.
  • the number of the uprights is eight; the first bed frame and the second bed frame are respectively connected with four of the uprights; the first bed frame is provided with a swivel buckle, the first bed frame
  • the two bed frames are correspondingly provided with fixed female buckles; or, the rotating sub buckles are arranged on the uprights of the first bed frame, and the fixed female buckles are arranged on the upright columns of the second bed frame ;
  • the rotary sub-buckle and the fixed female buckle are detachably connected to connect or separate the first bed frame and the second bed frame.
  • the lifting device includes a first lifting device, a second lifting device, a first lifting seat and a second lifting seat; the first lifting seat and the second lifting seat are both arranged below the rotating shaft , the first lifting seat and the second lifting seat are arranged in sequence along the first direction; the first lifting seat and the second lifting seat are both arc-shaped; the first lifting device is arranged at the Below the first lift seat, the jacking rod of the first lifter is connected to the rotating shaft; the second lifter is arranged below the second lift seat, and the top of the second lifter is The lift rod is connected with the rotating shaft.
  • the human body ecological operating frame for prone position of the present invention utilizes the adjustable lifting rods of the upper rod section, the sleeve and the lower rod section and the ecological frame fixed on the horizontal rod, so that the ecological frame can be placed in the patient's supine and prone state. It is installed and fixed separately in the middle to complete the free transition of the patient between the supine state and the prone state.
  • Fig. 1 is the overall structure schematic diagram (recumbent state) of the first kind of prone human body ecological operating frame provided by the present invention
  • Fig. 2 is the overall structure schematic diagram (after turning over) of the first kind of prone human body ecological surgical frame provided by the present invention
  • FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of the overall structure of the first kind of prone human body ecological operating frame provided by the present invention (adjusted to a suitable position after being turned over);
  • FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of the overall structure of the second prone human body ecological surgical frame provided by the present invention (recumbent state);
  • FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of the overall structure of the second prone human body ecological surgical frame provided by the present invention (adjusted to a suitable position after being turned over);
  • FIG. 6 is a perspective view of a head support plate and its surrounding structure in the prone human body ecological surgical frame provided by the present invention
  • Fig. 7 is the top view of the human body ecological operating frame for prone provided by the present invention.
  • Fig. 8 is the structure top view of the operating bed in the prone human body ecological operating frame provided by the present invention.
  • Fig. 9 is the side view of the operating bed along the width direction in the prone human body ecological operating frame provided by the present invention.
  • Fig. 10 is a side view along the length direction of the operating bed in the prone human body ecological operating frame provided by the present invention.
  • Icons 100-ecological frame; 110-head ecological frame; 111-support rod; 112-curved shield; 113-jaw rest; 114-fixed piece; 120-trunk ecological frame; 121-first boom; 122-chest and abdomen ecological frame; 123-second boom; 130-leg ecological frame; 131-first leg frame; 132-second leg frame; 200-cross bar; 300-lifting bar; 310-upper bar ;320-sleeve;330-lower rod segment;410-second bed frame;420-first bed frame;500-fixed straight rod;600-pressure stud;700-operating bed;800-first frame;810 - column; 820 - rotating shaft; 900 - second frame; 910 - lifting device; 911 - first lifter; 912 - first lifting seat; 11 - first beam; 12 - first longitudinal beam; 13 - second Longitudinal beam; 21-second beam; 22-third longitudinal beam; 23-fourth longitudinal beam; 30-rotating sub-buckle; 40-fixed female buckle.
  • the terms “arranged”, “installed”, “connected” and “connected” should be understood in a broad sense, for example, it may be a fixed connection, It can also be a detachable connection, or an integral connection; it can be a mechanical connection or an electrical connection; it can be a direct connection, or an indirect connection through an intermediate medium, or the internal communication between the two components.
  • the specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific situations.
  • Fig. 1 is the overall structure schematic diagram of the first kind of prone human body ecological surgical frame provided by the present invention (recumbent state);
  • Fig. 2 is the overall structure schematic diagram of the first kind of prone human body ecological surgical frame provided by the present invention (after turning over)
  • Fig. 3 is the overall structure schematic diagram of the first kind of prone human body ecological surgical frame provided by the invention (adjusted to a suitable position after turning over);
  • Fig. 1 is the overall structure schematic diagram of the first kind of prone human body ecological surgical frame provided by the present invention (recumbent state);
  • Fig. 2 is the overall structure schematic diagram of the first kind of prone human body ecological surgical frame provided by the present invention (after turning over)
  • Fig. 3 is the overall structure schematic diagram of the first kind of prone human body ecological surgical frame provided by the invention (adjusted to a suitable position after turning over);
  • Fig. 1 is the overall structure schematic diagram of the first kind of prone human body ecological surgical frame provided by the present invention (
  • FIGS. 4 is the overall structure schematic diagram of the second kind of prone human body ecological surgical frame provided by the present invention (recumbent state);
  • Figure 5 is a schematic diagram of the overall structure of the second kind of prone human ecological surgical frame provided by the present invention (adjusted to a suitable position after turning over);
  • Figure 6 is the middle head of the prone human ecological surgical frame provided by the present invention.
  • Figure 7 is a top view of the human body ecological surgical frame for prone lying provided by the present invention. Referring to FIGS.
  • the present embodiment provides an ecological human body surgical frame for prone lying, which includes an ecological frame 100 , a horizontal bar 200 , a lifting bar 300 and an operating bed 700 ; the ecological frame 100 is arranged on the horizontal bar 200 , and the horizontal Two ends of the rod 200 are respectively provided with lifting rods 300; the lifting rod 300 includes an upper rod section 310, a sleeve 320 and a lower rod section 330; The lower rod section 330 is L-shaped, one end of the lower rod section 330 is arranged in the sleeve 320, and the other end is used to be arranged on the operating bed 700; the ecological frame 100 includes the head ecological frame 110, The trunk ecological frame 120 and the leg ecological frame 130, the first direction is perpendicular to the length direction of the cross bar 200; the trunk ecological frame 120 includes a first arm frame 121, a chest and abdomen ecological frame 122 and a second arm frame 123; the first The boom 121, the chest and abdomen ecological frame 122 and the second boom 123 are arranged
  • the hinge shafts of the first arm frame 121 and the chest and abdomen ecological frame 122 are parallel to the axis of the sleeve 320
  • the second arm frame 123 is parallel to the chest and abdomen ecological frame.
  • the hinge shaft of 122 is parallel to the axis of the sleeve 320
  • the hinge shaft of the first leg frame 131 and the chest and abdomen ecological frame 122 is parallel to the axis of the sleeve 320
  • the hinge shaft of the second leg frame 132 and the chest and abdomen ecological frame 122 is parallel to the sleeve
  • the axes of the barrels 320 are parallel.
  • the upper rod section 310 and the lower rod section 330 are both screwed with the sleeve 320 ;
  • the outer wall of the rod section 310 and the outer wall of the lower rod section 330 are respectively provided with external threads with opposite directions of rotation, and the upper part of the upper rod section 310 is sleeved on the cross rod 200 .
  • a fixed straight rod 500 is further included; after removing the lifting rod 300 , the horizontal rod 200 can be fixedly installed on the operating bed 700 through the fixed straight rod 500
  • the cross section of the cross bar 200 is rectangular.
  • a pressure stud 600 is also included; the pressure stud 600 is screwed with the cross bar 200 , and the cross bar 200 is placed on the operating bed 700 through the pressure stud 600 . upper surface.
  • the head eco-frame 110 includes a support rod 111 , an arc-shaped shield 112 and a jaw rest 113 , and the arc-shaped shield 112 is arranged on the horizontal through the support rod 111 .
  • the rod 200 is used to support the head; the jaw bracket 113 is arranged on the support rod 111 through two fixing pieces 114 to support the jaw; one end of the fixing piece 114 is hinged with the jaw bracket 113, and the other end is connected with the support rod 111 hinged.
  • FIGS. 8 is a top view of the structure of the operating bed 700 in the prone human ecological operating frame provided by the present invention
  • FIG. 9 is a side view along the width direction of the operating bed 700 in the prone human ecological operating frame provided by the present invention
  • FIG. 10 is the present invention A side view along the length of the operating bed 700 in the provided prone human ecological operating frame.
  • the operating bed 700 includes a first frame 800 , a second frame 900 , a column 810 and a lifting device 910 ;
  • the first frame 800 and the second frame 900 are all rectangular frames, the second frame 900 is arranged in the first frame 800, a rotation shaft 820 is arranged between the first frame 800 and the second frame 900, and the second frame 900 can be relative to the first frame 820 around the axis of the rotation shaft 820.
  • Frame 800 rotates.
  • the first frame 800 includes a first bed frame 420 and a second bed frame 410 ;
  • the first bed frame 420 includes the first beam 11 , the first bed frame 420 A longitudinal beam 12 and a second longitudinal beam 13;
  • the second bed frame 410 includes a second transverse beam 21, a third longitudinal beam 22 and a fourth longitudinal beam 23;
  • the first transverse beam 11 and the second transverse beam 21 are parallel to each other, and the first longitudinal beam 12 and the third longitudinal beam 22 are arranged coaxially, and the second longitudinal beam 13 and the fourth longitudinal beam 23 are arranged coaxially;
  • the beams 23 are attached, the first beam 11 , the first longitudinal beam 12 , the third longitudinal beam 22 , the second transverse beam 21 , the fourth longitudinal beam 23 , and the second longitudinal beam 13 are connected in sequence, so that the first frame 800 is rectangular.
  • the number of uprights 810 is eight; the first bed frame 420 and the second bed frame 410 are respectively connected with four uprights 810 ;
  • the bed frame 420 is provided with a rotary sub-buckle 30, and the second bed frame 410 is correspondingly provided with a fixed female buckle 40;
  • the 810 is provided with a fixed female buckle 40 ; the rotating sub buckle 30 and the fixed female buckle 40 are detachably connected to connect or separate the first bed frame 420 and the second bed frame 410 .
  • the lifting device 910 includes a first lifter 911 , a second lifter, a first lifter seat 912 and a second lifter seat; the first lifter The seat 912 and the second lifting seat are both arranged below the rotating shaft 820, and the first lifting seat 912 and the second lifting seat are arranged in sequence along the first direction; the first lifting seat 912 and the second lifting seat are both arc-shaped;
  • the lifter 911 is arranged below the first lift seat 912, and the jacking rod of the first lifter 911 is connected to the rotating shaft 820;
  • the second lifter is arranged below the second lift seat, and the jacking rod of the second lifter is connected to The rotating shaft 820 is connected.

Abstract

一种俯卧用人体生态手术架,包括生态架(100)、横杆(200)、升降杆(300)和手术床(700);生态架(100)设置在横杆(200)上,横杆(200)的两端分别设置有升降杆(300);升降杆(300)包括上杆段(310)、套筒(320)和下杆段(330);生态架(100)包括头部生态架(110)、躯干部生态架(120)和腿部生态架(130);躯干部生态架(120)包括第一臂架(121)、胸腹部生态架(122)和第二臂架(123);第一臂架(121)、胸腹部生态架(122)和第二臂架(123)沿横杆(200)的长度方向依次设置;腿部生态架(130)包括第一腿架(131)和第二腿架(132);第一腿架(131)和第二腿架(132)沿横杆(200)的长度方向依次设置。俯卧用人体生态手术架,利用包括上杆段(310)、套筒(320)和下杆段(330)的可调节的升降杆(300)和与固定在横杆(200)上的生态架(100),能够将生态架(100)中的病人在仰躺和俯卧的状态中分别安装固定,完成病人在仰躺状态和俯卧状态之间的自由转换。

Description

一种俯卧用人体生态手术架 技术领域
本发明涉及医疗器械技术领域,具体而言,涉及一种俯卧用人体生态手术架。
背景技术
俯卧式是很多疾病在治疗过程中需要采取的手术方式,现有技术对于病人俯卧姿势的手术或治疗没有成型的专用设备,解决方法是在病人身体下加入各种垫枕,头部用四根支柱的方型支撑架支撑,男性病人要捋顺阴部避免扭压、女性病人要避免胸部的挤压,口、鼻部要防止阻塞呼吸,如果是丧失自主行动能力的病人,就需要6至11名医护人员对病人进行翻身处置,为避免翻转过程中对病人的手臂、手指、颈部、脚趾等部分造成伤害,需要分工明确紧密配合,这已经是护理人员的一门专业课程,有关方面更是投入了很多的人、财、物力。俯卧式手术或治疗对于呼吸系统的危重患者而言更是如此。在治疗呼吸系统感染病人的紧急处理过程中,将病患俯卧固定已成为全球医护人员治疗危重症病人普遍采取的治疗策略,起到了非常明显的治疗效果。但把病人由仰躺翻转成俯卧也成为了医护人员最重的“体力劳动”。
然而,病人俯卧后由于是趴在各种垫枕上,双腿的开合、双臂的打开受到极大限制,医生需要再次处置,才能满足手术条件,人力、物力、时间成本非常繁重。
发明内容
本发明的目的在于提供一种俯卧用人体生态手术架,有助于解决上述技术问题。
本发明是这样实现的:
一种俯卧用人体生态手术架,其包括生态架、横杆、升降杆和手术床;所述生态架设置在所述横杆上,所述横杆的两端分别设置有所述升降杆;所述升降杆包括上杆段、套筒和下杆段;所述上杆段的一端与所述横杆连接,另一端设置在所述套筒中;所述下杆段呈L形,所述下杆段的一端设置在所述套筒中,另一端用于设置在手术床上;所述生态架包括沿第一方向依次设置的头部生态架、躯干部生态架和腿部生态架,所述第一方向与所述横杆的长度方向垂直;所述躯干部生态架包括第一臂架、胸腹部生态架和第二臂架;所述第一臂架、所述胸腹部生态架和所述第二臂架沿所述横杆的长度方向依次设置,且所述第一臂架、所述胸腹部生态架和所述第二臂架均沿所述第一方向延伸;所述腿部生态架包括第一腿架和第二腿架;所述第一腿架和所述第二腿架沿所述横杆的长度方向依次设置,且所述第一腿架和所述第二腿架均沿所述第一方向延伸。
上述俯卧用人体生态手术架在使用时,起初病人仰躺在病床上,首先将固定在横杆的生态架通过横杆、升降杆固定在病床的上方,使生态架各个部位扣合在人体的上方。然后,通过调节压力螺柱的长短,把生态架和横杆、升降杆的重量作用在床面上,达到生态架与病人身体接抵,但不压迫病人的效果,再调节L形升降杆的方向并与手术床第二框架抵接、螺合,此时,病人处于生态架和手术床第二框架之间,通过升降装置的同步升起,把手术床的第二框架、生态架、病人举升至一定高度,再通过转动轴既能实现病人的翻转,此时,病人面朝下俯卧在生态架上,L形升降杆呈倒置方向。接着,下降升降装置的高度,使得病人位于病床上合理的高度位置,再逐个把倒置的L形升降杆从手术床的第二框架上拧下,绕横杆旋转90度 至L形向下的位置,调节L形升降杆的高度和固定方向,然后,逐一拧紧固定在手术床的第一框架上,或者利用其它结构的支撑架安置在地面上,也包括其它的多种安置生态架和病人的方式。撤去手术床的第二框架,拧入压力螺柱,降回升降装置,此时,病人就完成处于生态架之中。需要打开病人的双臂,通过卸下胸腹部的升降杆更换直杆实现,需要打开病人的双腿,卸下固定第一框架第一床架与第二床架的旋转子扣和固定母扣的连接,再拧开腿部生态架与其下方任一段床架与L形升降杆的连接,卸下腿部生态架的横杆和升降杆,使腿部生态架相对于胸腹部生态架实现独立转动,再固定在设置的其它结构的独立支撑架上,撤出腿部生态架下方的任一段床架。此时,病人头部、胸腹部位于另一段第一框架床架支撑的生态架上,腿部位于其它结构的独立支撑架支撑的腿部生态架上,双腿打开、裆部空旷无物,方便医护人员的治疗或手术操作。
进一步地,所述第一臂架与所述胸腹部生态架的铰接轴与所述套筒的轴线平行,所述第二臂架与所述胸腹部生态架的铰接轴与所述套筒的轴线平行;所述第一腿架与所述胸腹部生态架的铰接轴与所述套筒的轴线平行,所述第二腿架与所述胸腹部生态架的铰接轴与所述套筒的轴线平行。
进一步地,所述上杆段、所述下杆段均与所述套筒螺接;所述套筒设置有内螺纹,所述上杆段的外壁、所述下杆段的外壁分别设置有旋向相反的外螺纹。
进一步地,所述上杆段均与所述横杆转动连接;所述上杆段能够绕所述横杆的轴线旋转。
进一步地,还包括固定直杆;卸下所述升降杆后,所述横杆能够通过所述固定直杆固定安装到手术床上;所述横杆的横断面呈矩形。
进一步地,还包括压力螺柱;所述压力螺柱与所述横杆螺接,所述横杆通过所述压力螺柱放置在手术床的上表面。
进一步地,所述头部生态架包括支撑杆、弧形护罩和颚托,所述弧形护罩通过所述支撑杆设置在所述横杆上,用于承托头部;所述颚托通过两个固定片设置在所述支撑杆上,用于承托颚部;所述固定片的一端与所述颚托铰接,另一端与所述支撑杆铰接。
进一步地,所述手术床包括第一框架、第二框架、立柱和升降装置;所述第一框架和所述第二框架均为矩形框架,所述第二框架设置在所述第一框架内,所述第一框架和所述第二框架之间设置有转动轴,所述第二框架能够绕所述转动轴的轴线相对于所述第一框架旋转。
进一步地,所述第一框架包括第一床架和第二床架;所述第一床架包括第一横梁、第一纵梁和第二纵梁;所述第二床架包括第二横梁、第三纵梁和第四纵梁;所述第一横梁和所述第二横梁相互平行,所述第一纵梁与所述第三纵梁同轴设置,所述第二纵梁与所述第四纵梁同轴设置;当所述第一纵梁与所述第三纵梁贴合且所述第二纵梁与所述第四纵梁贴合时,所述第一横梁、第一纵梁、第三纵梁、第二横梁、第四纵梁、第二纵梁依次连接,使所述第一框架呈矩形。
进一步地,所述立柱的数量为八个;所述第一床架和所述第二床架分别与四个所述立柱连接;所述第一床架上设置有旋转子扣,所述第二床架上对应设置有固定母扣;或者,所述第一床架的所述立柱上设置有所述旋转子扣,所述第二床架的所述立柱上设置有所述固定母扣;所述旋转子扣和所述固定母扣可拆卸连接,用于将第一床架和第二床架连接或分离。
进一步地,所述升降装置包括第一升降器、第二升降器、第一升降座和第二升降座;所述第一升降座和所述第二升降座均设置在所述转动轴的下方,所述第一升降座和所述第二升降座沿所述第一方向依次设置;所述第一升降座和所述第二升降座均为弧形;所述第一升降器设置在所述第一升降座的下方,所述第一升降器的顶升杆与所述转动轴连接;所述第二升降器设置在所述第二升降座的下方,所述第二升降器的顶升杆与所述转动 轴连接。
本发明的有益效果是:
本发明的俯卧用人体生态手术架,利用上杆段、套筒和下杆段的可调节的升降杆和与固定在横杆上的生态架,能够将生态架在病人仰躺和俯卧的状态中分别安装固定,完成病人在仰躺状态和俯卧状态之间的自由转换。
附图说明
为了更清楚地说明本发明实施例的技术方案,下面将对实施例中所需要使用的附图作简单地介绍,应当理解,以下附图仅示出了本发明的某些实施例,因此不应被看作是对范围的限定,对于本领域普通技术人员来讲,在不付出创造性劳动的前提下,还可以根据这些附图获得其他相关的附图。
图1为本发明提供的第一种俯卧用人体生态手术架的整体结构示意图(仰躺状态);
图2为本发明提供的第一种俯卧用人体生态手术架的整体结构示意图(翻转后);
图3为本发明提供的第一种俯卧用人体生态手术架的整体结构示意图(翻转后调整至合适位置);
图4为本发明提供的第二种俯卧用人体生态手术架的整体结构示意图(仰躺状态);
图5为本发明提供的第二种俯卧用人体生态手术架的整体结构示意图(翻转后调整至合适位置);
图6为本发明提供的俯卧用人体生态手术架中头部托板及其周边结构的立体图;
图7为本发明提供的俯卧用人体生态手术架的俯视图;
图8为本发明提供的俯卧用人体生态手术架中手术床的结构俯视图;
图9为本发明提供的俯卧用人体生态手术架中手术床沿宽度方向的侧视图;
图10为本发明提供的俯卧用人体生态手术架中手术床沿长度方向的侧视图。
图标:100-生态架;110-头部生态架;111-支撑杆;112-弧形护罩;113-颚托;114-固定片;120-躯干部生态架;121-第一臂架;122-胸腹部生态架;123-第二臂架;130-腿部生态架;131-第一腿架;132-第二腿架;200-横杆;300-升降杆;310-上杆段;320-套筒;330-下杆段;410-第二床架;420-第一床架;500-固定直杆;600-压力螺柱;700-手术床;800-第一框架;810-立柱;820-转动轴;900-第二框架;910-升降装置;911-第一升降器;912-第一升降座;11-第一横梁;12-第一纵梁;13-第二纵梁;21-第二横梁;22-第三纵梁;23-第四纵梁;30-旋转子扣;40-固定母扣。
具体实施方式
为使本发明实施例的目的、技术方案和优点更加清楚,下面将结合本发明实施例中的附图,对本发明实施例中的技术方案进行清楚、完整地描述。显然,所描述的实施例是本发明的一部分实施例,而不是全部的实施例。通常在附图中描述和标注的本发明实施例的组件能够以各种不同的配置来布置和设计。
因此,以下对在附图中提供的本发明的实施例的详细描述并非旨在限制要求保护的本发明的范围,而是仅仅表示本发明的选定实施例。基于本发明中的实施例,本领域普通技术人员在没有作出创造性劳动的前提下所获得的所有其他实施例,都属于本发明保护的范围。
应注意到:相似的标号和字母在下面的附图中表示类似项,因此,一 旦某一项在一个附图中被定义,则在随后的附图中不需要对其进行进一步定义和解释。
在本发明的描述中,需要说明的是,术语“中心”、“上”、“下”、“左”、“右”、“竖直”、“水平”、“内”、“外”等指示的方位或位置关系为基于附图所示的方位或位置关系,或者是该发明产品使用时惯常摆放的方位或位置关系,仅是为了便于描述本发明和简化描述,而不是指示或暗示所指的装置或元件必须具有特定的方位、以特定的方位构造和操作,因此不能理解为对本发明的限制。此外,术语“第一”、“第二”、“第三”等仅用于区分描述,而不能理解为指示或暗示相对重要性。
此外,术语“水平”、“竖直”、“悬垂”等术语并不表示要求部件绝对水平或悬垂,而是可以稍微倾斜。如“水平”仅仅是指其方向相对“竖直”而言更加水平,并不是表示该结构一定要完全水平,而是可以稍微倾斜。
在本发明的描述中,还需要说明的是,除非另有明确的规定和限定,术语“设置”、“安装”、“相连”、“连接”应做广义理解,例如,可以是固定连接,也可以是可拆卸连接,或一体地连接;可以是机械连接,也可以是电连接;可以是直接相连,也可以通过中间媒介间接相连,可以是两个元件内部的连通。对于本领域的普通技术人员而言,可以具体情况理解上述术语在本发明中的具体含义。
下面结合附图,对本发明的一些实施方式作详细说明。在不冲突的情况下,下述的实施例及实施例中的特征可以相互组合。
图1为本发明提供的第一种俯卧用人体生态手术架的整体结构示意图(仰躺状态);图2为本发明提供的第一种俯卧用人体生态手术架的整体结构示意图(翻转后);图3为本发明提供的第一种俯卧用人体生态手术架的整体结构示意图(翻转后调整至合适位置);图4为本发明提供的第二种俯卧用人体生态手术架的整体结构示意图(仰躺状态);图5为本发明提供的 第二种俯卧用人体生态手术架的整体结构示意图(翻转后调整至合适位置);图6为本发明提供的俯卧用人体生态手术架中头部托板及其周边结构的立体图;图7为本发明提供的俯卧用人体生态手术架的俯视图。请参照图1~图7,本实施例提供一种俯卧用人体生态手术架,其包括生态架100、横杆200、升降杆300和手术床700;生态架100设置在横杆200上,横杆200的两端分别设置有升降杆300;升降杆300包括上杆段310、套筒320和下杆段330;上杆段310的一端与横杆200连接,另一端设置在套筒320中;下杆段330呈L形,下杆段330的一端设置在套筒320中,另一端用于设置在手术床700上;生态架100包括沿第一方向依次设置的头部生态架110、躯干部生态架120和腿部生态架130,第一方向与横杆200的长度方向垂直;躯干部生态架120包括第一臂架121、胸腹部生态架122和第二臂架123;第一臂架121、胸腹部生态架122和第二臂架123沿横杆200的长度方向依次设置,且第一臂架121、胸腹部生态架122和第二臂架123均沿第一方向延伸;腿部生态架130包括第一腿架131和第二腿架132;第一腿架131和第二腿架132沿横杆200的长度方向依次设置,且第一腿架131和第二腿架132均沿第一方向延伸。
在上述实施例的基础上,可选地,如图7所示,第一臂架121与胸腹部生态架122的铰接轴与套筒320的轴线平行,第二臂架123与胸腹部生态架122的铰接轴与套筒320的轴线平行;第一腿架131与胸腹部生态架122的铰接轴与套筒320的轴线平行,第二腿架132与胸腹部生态架122的铰接轴与套筒320的轴线平行。
在上述实施例的基础上,可选地,如图1、图2、图4所示,上杆段310、下杆段330均与套筒320螺接;套筒320设置有内螺纹,上杆段310的外壁、下杆段330的外壁分别设置有旋向相反的外螺纹,上杆段310的上部套设在横杆200上。
在上述实施例的基础上,可选地,如图3、图5所示,还包括固定直杆 500;卸下升降杆300后,横杆200能够通过固定直杆500固定安装到手术床700上;横杆200的横断面呈矩形。
在上述实施例的基础上,可选地,如图4所示,还包括压力螺柱600;压力螺柱600与横杆200螺接,横杆200通过压力螺柱600放置在手术床700的上表面。
在上述实施例的基础上,可选地,如图6所示,头部生态架110包括支撑杆111、弧形护罩112和颚托113,弧形护罩112通过支撑杆111设置在横杆200上,用于承托头部;颚托113通过两个固定片114设置在支撑杆111上,用于承托颚部;固定片114的一端与颚托113铰接,另一端与支撑杆111铰接。
图8为本发明提供的俯卧用人体生态手术架中手术床700的结构俯视图;图9为本发明提供的俯卧用人体生态手术架中手术床700沿宽度方向的侧视图;图10为本发明提供的俯卧用人体生态手术架中手术床700沿长度方向的侧视图。在上述实施例的基础上,可选地,如图7~图9所示,手术床700包括第一框架800、第二框架900、立柱810和升降装置910;第一框架800和第二框架900均为矩形框架,第二框架900设置在第一框架800内,第一框架800和第二框架900之间设置有转动轴820,第二框架900能够绕转动轴820的轴线相对于第一框架800旋转。
在上述实施例的基础上,可选地,如图7~图9所示,第一框架800包括第一床架420和第二床架410;第一床架420包括第一横梁11、第一纵梁12和第二纵梁13;第二床架410包括第二横梁21、第三纵梁22和第四纵梁23;第一横梁11和第二横梁21相互平行,第一纵梁12与第三纵梁22同轴设置,第二纵梁13与第四纵梁23同轴设置;当第一纵梁12与第三纵梁22贴合且第二纵梁13与第四纵梁23贴合时,第一横梁11、第一纵梁12、第三纵梁22、第二横梁21、第四纵梁23、第二纵梁13依次连接,使第一框架800呈矩形。
在上述实施例的基础上,可选地,如图7~图9所示,立柱810的数量为八个;第一床架420和第二床架410分别与四个立柱810连接;第一床架420上设置有旋转子扣30,第二床架410上对应设置有固定母扣40;或者,第一床架420的立柱810上设置有旋转子扣30,第二床架410的立柱810上设置有固定母扣40;旋转子扣30和固定母扣40可拆卸连接,用于将第一床架420和第二床架410连接或分离。
在上述实施例的基础上,可选地,如图7~图9所示,升降装置910包括第一升降器911、第二升降器、第一升降座912和第二升降座;第一升降座912和第二升降座均设置在转动轴820的下方,第一升降座912和第二升降座沿第一方向依次设置;第一升降座912和第二升降座均为弧形;第一升降器911设置在第一升降座912的下方,第一升降器911的顶升杆与转动轴820连接;第二升降器设置在第二升降座的下方,第二升降器的顶升杆与转动轴820连接。
以上仅为本发明的优选实施例而已,并不用于限制本发明,对于本领域的技术人员来说,本发明可以有各种更改和变化。凡在本发明的精神和原则之内,所作的任何修改、等同替换、改进等,均应包含在本发明的保护范围之内。

Claims (10)

  1. 一种俯卧用人体生态手术架,其特征在于,包括生态架(100)、横杆(200)、升降杆(300)和手术床(700);所述生态架(100)设置在所述横杆(200)上,所述横杆(200)的两端分别设置有所述升降杆(300);所述升降杆(300)包括上杆段(310)、套筒(320)和下杆段(330);所述上杆段(310)的一端与所述横杆(200)连接,另一端设置在所述套筒(320)中;所述下杆段(330)呈L形,所述下杆段(330)的一端设置在所述套筒(320)中,另一端用于设置在手术床(700)上;
    所述生态架(100)包括沿第一方向依次设置的头部生态架(110)、躯干部生态架(120)和腿部生态架(130),所述第一方向与所述横杆(200)的长度方向垂直;
    所述躯干部生态架(120)包括第一臂架(121)、胸腹部生态架(122)和第二臂架(123);所述第一臂架(121)、所述胸腹部生态架(122)和所述第二臂架(123)沿所述横杆(200)的长度方向依次设置,且所述第一臂架(121)、所述胸腹部生态架(122)和所述第二臂架(123)均沿所述第一方向延伸;
    所述腿部生态架(130)包括第一腿架(131)和第二腿架(132);所述第一腿架(131)和所述第二腿架(132)沿所述横杆(200)的长度方向依次设置,且所述第一腿架(131)和所述第二腿架(132)均沿所述第一方向延伸。
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的俯卧用人体生态手术架,其特征在于,所述第一臂架(121)与所述胸腹部生态架(122)的铰接轴与所述套筒(320)的轴线平行,所述第二臂架(123)与所述胸腹部生态架(122)的铰接轴与所述套筒(320)的轴线平行;
    所述第一腿架(131)与所述胸腹部生态架(122)的铰接轴与所述套筒(320)的轴线平行,所述第二腿架(132)与所述胸腹部生态架(122) 的铰接轴与所述套筒(320)的轴线平行。
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的俯卧用人体生态手术架,其特征在于,所述上杆段(310)、所述下杆段(330)均与所述套筒(320)螺接;所述套筒(320)设置有内螺纹,所述上杆段(310)的外壁、所述下杆段(330)的外壁分别设置有旋向相反的外螺纹。
  4. 根据权利要求1所述的俯卧用人体生态手术架,其特征在于,还包括固定直杆(500);卸下所述升降杆(300)后,所述横杆(200)能够通过所述固定直杆(500)固定安装到手术床(700)上;所述横杆(200)的横断面呈矩形。
  5. 根据权利要求1所述的俯卧用人体生态手术架,其特征在于,还包括压力螺柱(600);所述压力螺柱(600)与所述横杆(200)螺接,所述横杆(200)通过所述压力螺柱(600)放置在手术床(700)的上表面。
  6. 根据权利要求1所述的俯卧用人体生态手术架,其特征在于,所述头部生态架(110)包括支撑杆(111)、弧形护罩(112)和颚托(113),所述弧形护罩(112)通过所述支撑杆(111)设置在所述横杆(200)上,用于承托头部;所述颚托(113)通过两个固定片(114)设置在所述支撑杆(111)上,用于承托颚部;所述固定片(114)的一端与所述颚托(113)铰接,另一端与所述支撑杆(111)铰接。
  7. 根据权利要求1所述的俯卧用人体生态手术架,其特征在于,所述手术床(700)包括第一框架(800)、第二框架(900)、立柱(810)和升降装置(910);所述第一框架(800)和所述第二框架(900)均为矩形框架,所述第二框架(900)设置在所述第一框架(800)内,所述第一框架(800)和所述第二框架(900)之间设置有转动轴(820),所述第二框架(900)能够绕所述转动轴(820)的轴线相对于所述第一框架(800)旋转。
  8. 根据权利要求7所述的俯卧用人体生态手术架,其特征在于,所 述第一框架(800)包括第一床架(420)和第二床架(410);所述第一床架(420)包括第一横梁(11)、第一纵梁(12)和第二纵梁(13);所述第二床架(410)包括第二横梁(21)、第三纵梁(22)和第四纵梁(23);所述第一横梁(11)和所述第二横梁(21)相互平行,所述第一纵梁(12)与所述第三纵梁(22)同轴设置,所述第二纵梁(13)与所述第四纵梁(23)同轴设置;当所述第一纵梁(12)与所述第三纵梁(22)贴合且所述第二纵梁(13)与所述第四纵梁(23)贴合时,所述第一横梁(11)、第一纵梁(12)、第三纵梁(22)、第二横梁(21)、第四纵梁(23)、第二纵梁(13)依次连接,使所述第一框架(800)呈矩形。
  9. 根据权利要求8所述的俯卧用人体生态手术架,其特征在于,所述立柱(810)的数量为八个;所述第一床架(420)和所述第二床架(410)分别与四个所述立柱(810)连接;所述第一床架(420)上设置有旋转子扣(30),所述第二床架(410)上对应设置有固定母扣(40);或者,所述第一床架(420)的所述立柱(810)上设置有所述旋转子扣(30),所述第二床架(410)的所述立柱(810)上设置有所述固定母扣(40);所述旋转子扣(30)和所述固定母扣(40)可拆卸连接,用于将第一床架(420)和第二床架(410)连接或分离。
  10. 根据权利要求7所述的俯卧用人体生态手术架,其特征在于,所述升降装置(910)包括第一升降器(911)、第二升降器、第一升降座(912)和第二升降座;
    所述第一升降座(912)和所述第二升降座均设置在所述转动轴(820)的下方,所述第一升降座(912)和所述第二升降座沿所述第一方向依次设置;所述第一升降座(912)和所述第二升降座均为弧形;
    所述第一升降器(911)设置在所述第一升降座(912)的下方,所述第一升降器(911)的顶升杆与所述转动轴(820)连接;
    所述第二升降器设置在所述第二升降座的下方,所述第二升降器的顶 升杆与所述转动轴(820)连接。
PCT/CN2021/000234 2021-01-04 2021-12-14 一种俯卧用人体生态手术架 WO2022141609A1 (zh)

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