WO2019218375A1 - 减速带发电组 - Google Patents

减速带发电组 Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2019218375A1
WO2019218375A1 PCT/CN2018/087684 CN2018087684W WO2019218375A1 WO 2019218375 A1 WO2019218375 A1 WO 2019218375A1 CN 2018087684 W CN2018087684 W CN 2018087684W WO 2019218375 A1 WO2019218375 A1 WO 2019218375A1
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WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
block
hole
support
underground
power generation
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PCT/CN2018/087684
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English (en)
French (fr)
Inventor
刘儒祥
刘洪帅
王帅
孙月
张盟奇
王永富
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东北大学
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Publication of WO2019218375A1 publication Critical patent/WO2019218375A1/zh

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03GSPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS; MECHANICAL-POWER PRODUCING DEVICES OR MECHANISMS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR OR USING ENERGY SOURCES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03G7/00Mechanical-power-producing mechanisms, not otherwise provided for or using energy sources not otherwise provided for
    • F03G7/08Mechanical-power-producing mechanisms, not otherwise provided for or using energy sources not otherwise provided for recovering energy derived from swinging, rolling, pitching or like movements, e.g. from the vibrations of a machine
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01FADDITIONAL WORK, SUCH AS EQUIPPING ROADS OR THE CONSTRUCTION OF PLATFORMS, HELICOPTER LANDING STAGES, SIGNS, SNOW FENCES, OR THE LIKE
    • E01F9/00Arrangement of road signs or traffic signals; Arrangements for enforcing caution
    • E01F9/50Road surface markings; Kerbs or road edgings, specially adapted for alerting road users
    • E01F9/529Road surface markings; Kerbs or road edgings, specially adapted for alerting road users specially adapted for signalling by sound or vibrations, e.g. rumble strips; specially adapted for enforcing reduced speed, e.g. speed bumps
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/32Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries for charging batteries from a charging set comprising a non-electric prime mover rotating at constant speed
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K7/00Arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with dynamo-electric machines, e.g. structural association with mechanical driving motors or auxiliary dynamo-electric machines
    • H02K7/18Structural association of electric generators with mechanical driving motors, e.g. with turbines
    • H02K7/1807Rotary generators
    • H02K7/1846Rotary generators structurally associated with wheels or associated parts

Definitions

  • the invention relates to the field of new energy technologies, and in particular to a speed reducer power generation group.
  • Thermal power plants and thermal power mines can be said to be interdependent, but a large amount of burning coal has caused serious pollution to the environment, especially the growing PM2.5, for humans. The health produces irreparable damage.
  • hydropower generation In addition to thermal power generation, there are hydropower generation.
  • hydropower has various advantages, such as low operating cost, no pollution, and renewable, which contributes to the improvement of social and economic benefits and resource utilization, hydropower development will generally have adverse effects.
  • Bringing to the ecological environment, even the reservoir built by means of artificial reconstruction of water flow although it has a pleasant lake landscape, and most of it has become a holy place for holiday tourism, however, large reservoirs still have a great impact on Local climate around, as well as geological disasters. For example, in the steeper loess-like bank slopes, due to the continuous soaking of water, it is very easy to have a large-scale serious collapse, posing a serious threat to cultivated land and residents.
  • the present invention provides a speed reducer power generation group, which is mainly disposed on a speed reducer device, converts kinetic energy generated by bumps and vibrations into electrical energy and stores them, and converts useless mechanical energy into electrical energy. A new way of energy.
  • the invention relates to a speed reducer power generation group, which comprises an aerial part and a underground part;
  • the ground part comprises a fixed block and an action block, the bottom end of the fixed block is located above the ground, the top end of the fixed block is a curved surface, and the top end of the fixed block
  • the center is provided with a slot, the action block is located in the slot, and a plurality of tower springs are arranged between the action block and the fixed block;
  • the underground part comprises an underground protective casing and an anti-rolling transmission mechanism and a plurality of power generation modules located in the underground protective casing; the underground protective casing is located underground, and the underground protective casing is fixedly connected with the bottom end of the fixed block;
  • the anti-rolling transmission mechanism comprises two anti-rolling transmission rods and a plurality of connecting rods, wherein the bottom end of the action block is provided with a plurality of anti-tilting supports, and each of the plurality of connecting rods corresponds to one anti-tilting support, and a plurality of Each power generating module in the power generating module corresponds to one connecting rod, and a bottom surface of the slotted portion of the fixing block is provided with a plurality of through holes, and each of the plurality of anti-tilting supports corresponds to one through hole;
  • Each anti-tilt support extends through its corresponding through hole into the underground protective casing, and each anti-tilting support is provided with two support connecting blocks, and the two ends of each connecting rod respectively correspond to each other
  • the two support connecting blocks on the anti-tilt support are connected, and the two anti-tilt transmission rods sequentially pass through the two support connecting blocks on each anti-tilt support, and the two anti-tilt transmission rods pass through
  • the connecting rods on each anti-tilt support are arranged symmetrically at the center;
  • Each connecting rod is connected to its corresponding power generation module.
  • Each of the two anti-rolling transmission rods is provided with a plurality of anti-roll bar support arms, and the plurality of anti-roll bar support arms are evenly distributed along the axial direction of the anti-rolling transmission rod, and a plurality of anti-roll bar supports One end of each anti-roll bar support arm in the arm is rotatably connected to the bottom end of the fixed block, and the other end of each anti-roll bar support arm is rotatably connected with the anti-roll bar.
  • Each of the power generation modules includes a casing, a casing upper cover, a rack set, a plurality of pinion gears and a plurality of speed increasing generators, and the casing upper cover is located at a top of the casing, an outer surface of the bottom end of the casing and a bottom surface of the underground protection casing fit;
  • the inner surface of the bottom end of the outer casing is provided with legs, the top of the leg is fixedly connected with a guiding block, the guiding block is provided with a square through hole, the rack group is a square rod having a connecting hole at one end, and the connecting hole is set in the connecting rod corresponding to the power generating module
  • the other end of the rack group passes through the square through hole in the guiding block, and the rack group can slide in the square through hole on the guiding block, and the side wall of each of the four side walls of the rack group square rod All have racks;
  • a plurality of pinion gears are evenly distributed on the four side walls of the square rod of the rack group, and each of the plurality of pinion gears is meshed with the rack on the side wall of the rack group, and each pinion corresponds to a speed increasing generator, each pinion is drivingly connected with an input shaft of a corresponding speed increasing generator, each speed increasing generator is fixed on the outer casing, and the current generated by the output end of each speed increasing generator passes through the line Transfer to external use.
  • a spring is disposed at a joint of each of the anti-tilt transmission rods and the support connecting block, and the two anchor connection blocks on each of the anti-tilting supports are provided with the two anti-tips a corresponding through hole of the transmission rod, the two anti-tilt transmission rods pass through the through holes on the corresponding support connecting block;
  • the spring is located in the through hole of the support connecting block, and the spring is respectively in contact with the hole wall of the through hole on the support connecting block and the anti-rolling transmission rod passing through the through hole of the support connecting block.
  • Each of the side walls of the plurality of through holes and the side wall of the groove contacting the action block are provided with guide wheels.
  • a heat dissipation port is disposed on a sidewall of the outer casing and the underground protective casing, and a waterproof baffle is disposed on the heat dissipation opening.
  • the number of the plurality of pinion gears and their corresponding speed increasing generators is twelve.
  • the outer casing and the bottom of the underground protective casing are provided with drainage holes.
  • the rack set has an auxiliary spring disposed between one end of the connecting hole and the upper cover of the outer casing.
  • the speed reducer power generation group provided by the invention is mainly disposed on the speed reducer device, and collects kinetic energy generated by bumps and vibrations, converts it into electric energy and stores it, and can supply power for underground parking signs, bulbs, etc.
  • the energy station can also be set to charge electronic products such as mobile phones, convert the originally useless mechanical energy into electric energy, achieve the purpose of energy saving, green travel and low carbon environmental protection, and the installation is simple and convenient, and no manual operation is required for use, and social development is required. It makes a lot of sense.
  • FIG. 1 is a schematic exploded view showing the structure of a speed reducer power generation unit provided by the present invention
  • FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a power generation module in a speed reducer power generation group provided by the present invention
  • FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of a pinion gear and a speed increasing generator in a speed reducer power generation group provided by the present invention
  • FIG. 4 is a partial structural view of a fixing block in a speed reducer power generation group provided by the present invention.
  • FIG. 5 is a partial structural schematic view of a bottom portion of a fixing block in a speed reducer power generation group provided by the present invention.
  • FIG. 6 is a schematic view showing a partial structure of a bottom portion of a fixed block and an action block in a speed reducer power generation group provided by the present invention
  • first, second, and the like in the present invention are used for the purpose of description only, and are not to be construed as indicating or implying their relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated.
  • features defining “first” or “second” may include at least one of the features, either explicitly or implicitly.
  • the technical solutions between the various embodiments may be combined with each other, but must be based on the realization of those skilled in the art, and when the combination of the technical solutions is contradictory or impossible to implement, it should be considered that the combination of the technical solutions does not exist. It is also within the scope of protection required by the present invention.
  • the present invention provides a speed reducer power generation group including an aerial portion and a ground portion; the ground portion includes a fixed block 1 and an action block 2, and the fixed block 1
  • the bottom end of the fixed block 1 is a curved surface, and the center of the top end of the fixed block 1 is provided with a slot 3, the action block 2 is located in the slot 3, and the top end of the action block 2 is a curved surface, and the action
  • the curved top end of the block 2 and the curved top end of the fixed block 1 can form a complete curved surface, which is a common speed bump in daily life.
  • a plurality of tower springs 4 are disposed between the action block 2 and the fixed block 1; the tower spring 4 can support the action block 2, and can generate a resilience force to cause the rebound of the action block 2 when subjected to pressure, and the tower spring 4
  • the number can be determined according to the actual situation. In the present embodiment, three tower springs 4 are used.
  • the underground portion includes an underground protective casing 5 and an anti-roll drive mechanism and a plurality of power generation modules 6 located in the underground protective casing 5; the underground protective casing 5 is underground, and the underground protective casing 5 is fixedly coupled to the bottom end of the fixed block 1.
  • the anti-rolling transmission mechanism includes two anti-rolling transmission rods 7 and a plurality of connecting rods 8.
  • the bottom end of the action block 2 is provided with a plurality of anti-tilting supports 9, and each of the plurality of connecting rods 8 corresponds to one of the anti-rolling supports
  • the tilting seat 9, each of the plurality of connecting rods 8 corresponds to a power generating module 6, each connecting rod 8 being connected to its corresponding power generating module 6.
  • the bottom surface of the slot 3 on the fixing block 1 is provided with a plurality of through holes 10, the through holes 10 are spaced apart from the tower spring 4, and the through holes 10 are evenly distributed on the fixed block 1, and each of the plurality of anti-tilting supports 9
  • the anti-roll stand 9 corresponds to a through hole 10.
  • Each anti-roll support 9 extends through its corresponding through hole 10 into the underground protective casing 5, and each side wall of the plurality of through holes 10 and the side wall of the slot 3 contacting the action block 2 are provided.
  • Each of the anti-roll support seats 9 is provided with two support connecting blocks 11 . As shown in FIG. 6 , the two ends of each connecting rod 8 are respectively connected with two supports on the corresponding anti-tilting support 9 . Blocks 11 are connected, two anti-tilt transmission rods 7 pass through the two abutment connection blocks 11 on each anti-tilt support 9, and the two anti-tilt transmission rods 7 pass through each anti-tilt support
  • the connecting rods 8 on the 9 are arranged symmetrically in the center;
  • a spring 22 is disposed at a joint of each of the anti-rolling transmission rods 7 and the support connecting block 11, and two anti-tilt transmission rods 7 are disposed on each of the two supporting bases 11 on each anti-tilting support 9 Corresponding through holes, two anti-rolling transmission rods 7 pass through the through holes on the corresponding support connecting blocks 11;
  • the spring 22 is located in the through hole of the support connecting block 11, and the spring 22 is respectively in contact with the hole wall of the through hole on the support connecting block 11 and the anti-rolling transmission rod 7 passing through the through hole of the support connecting block 11, the spring 22 can effectively rebound the anti-roll drive shaft 7.
  • the action block 2 drives the two anti-rolling transmission rods 7 to synchronously move the underground pressure-bearing parts, that is, each of the anti-rolling transmission rods 7 sequentially passes through each of the anti-rolling supports 9
  • the power generation module 6 operates in synchronization.
  • the number of the connecting rods 8, the through holes 10, the anti-rolling supports 9 and the number of power generating modules 6 are determined according to the actual situation. In the present embodiment, the number of the power generating modules 6 is four, and the connecting rods of the power generating modules 6 are connected. 8. The number of the through holes 10 corresponding to the anti-roll support 9 and the anti-tilting support 9 of the connecting rod 8 are four.
  • Each of the two anti-rolling transmission rods 7 is provided with a plurality of anti-roll bar support arms 12, and the plurality of anti-roll bar support arms 12 are evenly distributed along the axial direction of the anti-roll bar 7
  • One end of each of the anti-roll bar support arms 12 is rotatably connected to the bottom end of the fixed block 1 , and the other end of each anti-roll bar support arm 12 is opposite to the anti-roll bar 7 Turn the connection.
  • Each power generation module 6 includes a housing 13, a housing upper cover 14, a rack set 15, a plurality of pinion gears 16 and a plurality of speed increasing generators 17, the housing upper cover 14 is located at the top of the housing 13, and the outer surface of the bottom end of the housing 13 Fitted to the bottom surface of the underground protective casing 5;
  • a heat dissipation port 24 is disposed on the side wall of the outer casing 13 and the underground protective casing 5.
  • the heat dissipation port 24 can function as a ventilation and heat dissipation.
  • the heat dissipation port 24 is provided with a waterproof baffle 25 to prevent rainwater or other waste water from entering the underground protective casing. 5 inside.
  • Both the outer casing 13 and the bottom of the underground protective casing 5 are provided with drainage holes for discharging a small amount of waste water entering the outer casing 13 into the underground protective casing 5 and discharging them from the drainage holes in the underground protective casing 5.
  • the inner surface of the bottom end of the outer casing 13 is provided with a leg 18, and the top of the leg 18 is fixedly connected with a guiding block 19, the guiding block 19 is provided with a square through hole, and the rack group 15 is a square rod having a connecting hole 20 at one end, and the connecting hole 20 is set at An auxiliary spring 26 is disposed between the end of the rack group 15 having the connecting hole 20 and the upper cover 14 of the casing, corresponding to the connecting rod 8 of the power generating module 6.
  • the other end of the rack set 15 passes through a square through hole in the guide block 19, and the rack set 15 is slidable in a square through hole on the guide block 19, each of the four side walls of the rack set 15 square rod a rack 21 is disposed on the side wall;
  • a plurality of pinion gears 16 are evenly distributed on the four side walls of the square rod of the rack set 15, and each of the plurality of pinion gears 16 is meshed with the rack 21 on the side wall of the rack set 15 thereof.
  • Each pinion 16 corresponds to a speed increasing generator 17, each of which is drivingly coupled to an input shaft of its corresponding speed increasing generator 17, and each speed increasing generator 17 is fixed to the outer casing 13, each The current generated at the output of the speed increasing generator 17 is transmitted to the outside through the line.
  • An electric energy collection box is arranged beside the road, and a transformer transformer circuit and a power storage device are arranged in the collection box.
  • the output end of each speed increasing generator 17 is electrically connected with the transformer rectifier filter circuit, and the transformer rectifier circuit is used to generate the power generation module. 6
  • the generated electric energy is converted into a stable current by rectification and voltage regulation, and is sent to the storage device for storage, and then boosted by the circuit and then supplied to the street lamp, warning sign or other device for use.
  • the transformer rectifier filter circuit and the power storage device are common technical means, so they will not be described in detail, and are not shown in the drawings.
  • the anti-roll support 9 drives the connecting rod 8, and then the power generating module 6 corresponding to the connecting rod 8 drives the rack group 15 to move up and down, thereby making the rack group 15
  • the pinion gear meshed by the upper rack 21 rotates, thereby driving the generator to start working and synchronously generating electricity.
  • the rack 21, the pinion 16 and the speed increasing generator 17 are all common products on the market.
  • the speed-increasing generator 17 has a small transmission that amplifies the limited rack stroke to effectively increase the amount of power generated.
  • the number of the plurality of pinion gears 16 and their corresponding speed increasing generators 17 is twelve.
  • the calculation process of the power generation amount of the speed reducer power generation group according to the present invention is as follows:
  • the power generation time t 1 when the primary tire passes is:
  • the one-way power generation time that is, the power generation time t2 after the passage of the single-row tire is:
  • each power generation module 6 includes 12 speed increasing generators 17, that is, a total of 48 speed increasing generators 17 are included in the embodiment, and the total power P is:
  • the power generation W is:
  • the speed reducer power generation group provided by the design of the invention is mainly placed on the speed reducer device, and collects kinetic energy generated by bumps and vibrations, converts it into electric energy and stores it, and can be used for underground parking lot signs, bulbs, etc.
  • Power supply, energy station can also be set to charge mobile phones and other electronic products, the original useless mechanical energy is converted into electrical energy, to achieve the purpose of energy saving, green travel and low carbon environmental protection, the stability of the speed bump is strong, in ensuring its own stability and reliability Under the premise of energy conversion, the energy conversion and safety can be unified. After calculating the gear ratio and power generation efficiency, for the speed bump under normal conditions, it is preliminarily believed that the power can meet the power demand of the lighting equipment in the underground garage.
  • the speed reducer power generation group of the invention is simple and convenient to install, requires no manual operation during use, and has large power generation, is convenient for construction, installation and later maintenance, and has a compact structure, and is arranged by using multiple sets of variable speed generators. Increase the power generation capacity while reducing the volume of the power generation module.
  • the ground action block uses the anti-roll bar design, and one force is applied to generate power. This limits the limitation of power generation only at the force, and has a great impact on social development. Great meaning.

Abstract

减速带发电组,涉及新能源技术领域,包括地上部分和地下部分;地上部分包括固定块和动作块,固定块的底端位于地面之上,固定块的顶端为弧面,且固定块的顶端中心设有开槽,动作块位于开槽内,动作块和固定块之间设有多个塔簧;地下部分包括地下保护外壳和位于地下保护外壳内的防倾传动机构和多个发电模块;地下保护外壳位于地下,且地下保护外壳与固定块的底端固定连接;防倾传动机构包括两个防倾传动杆和多个连接杆,动作块的底端设有多个防倾支座,多个连接杆中的每个连接杆对应一个防倾支座,多个发电模块中的每个多个发电模块均对应一个连接杆,固定块上开槽的底部表面设有多个通孔,多个防倾支座中的每个防倾支座对应一个通孔。

Description

减速带发电组 技术领域
本发明涉及新能源技术领域,特别涉及一种减速带发电组。
背景技术
能源亦称能量资源或能源资源,是国民经济的重要物质基础,未来国家命运取决于能源的掌控。能源的开发和有效利用程度以及人均消费量是生产技术和生活水平的重要标志。2017年世界能源的结构及展望目前全球一次能源消费中,石油占32.9%,天然气占一次能源消费的23.8%、煤炭占29.2%、核能占4.4%、水电占6.8%。可再生能源在全球能源消费中的比重为2.8%,其中占比最大的是风能(52.2%)。由此可见,长期以来,各个国家基本上均是以火电为主,火电厂与火电煤矿可谓是唇齿相依,但大量燃烧煤炭对环境造成了严重的污染,尤其是日益增长的PM2.5,对人类的健康产生了不可恢复的伤害。除火力发电之外还有水利发电,虽然水利发电有着种种的优势,比如运行成本低、无污染以及可再生有助于社会经济综合效益与资源利用率的提高,通常水电开发会将不利的影响带给生态环境,即便是借助于水流人工改造所建造成的水库,虽然有着令人心旷神怡的湖面景观,而且绝大部分已经成为度假旅游的圣地,然而,大型水库仍然会产生极大的影响对周围局部气候,同时还会有地质灾害产生。比如,在较为陡峭的黄土类岸坡,因水的不断浸泡,非常容易有大范围的严重坍塌发生,对耕地以及居民均构成了严重的威胁。
因此,新能源开发有可能成为未来最重要的经济增长引擎,成为最有创造就业和财富能力的新经济支柱。低碳环保,节能减排的新能源的开发势在必行。随着私家车辆的增多,地下停车场的数量也随之增多,为了更好的控制汽车在地下停车场的速度,每个地下停车场都会设有多个减速带。汽车通过减速带,会对减速带产生一定的压力,同时减速带也会对汽车产生相应的阻力,从而达到降速的作用。利用减速带装置上,用于收集因颠簸,振动而产生的动能,将其转化为电能并储存起来,也是一种新能源的方式。
发明内容
针对现有技术的不足,本发明提供一种减速带发电组,主要置于减速带装置上,将颠簸、振动而产生的动能转化为电能并储存起来,将无用的机械能转换为电能,是一种新能源方式。
本发明涉及的一种减速带发电组,包括地上部分和地下部分;地上部分包括固定块和动 作块,固定块的底端位于地面之上,固定块的顶端为弧面,且固定块的顶端中心设有开槽,动作块位于开槽内,动作块和固定块之间设有多个塔簧;
地下部分包括地下保护外壳和位于地下保护外壳内的防倾传动机构和多个发电模块;地下保护外壳位于地下,且地下保护外壳与固定块的底端固定连接;
防倾传动机构包括两个防倾传动杆和多个连接杆,动作块的底端设有多个防倾支座,多个连接杆中的每个连接杆对应一个防倾支座,多个发电模块中的每个发电模块均对应一个连接杆,固定块上开槽的底部表面设有多个通孔,多个防倾支座中的每个防倾支座对应一个通孔;
每个防倾支座均穿过其对应的通孔伸入至地下保护外壳内,每个防倾支座上均设有两个支座连接块,每个连接杆的两端均分别与其对应的防倾支座上的两个支座连接块相连,两个防倾传动杆依次穿过每个防倾支座上的两个支座连接块,且两个防倾传动杆以其穿过的每个防倾支座上的连接杆为中心对称布置;
每个连接杆与其对应的发电模块连接。
两个防倾传动杆中的每个防倾传动杆上均设有多个防倾杆支撑臂,多个防倾杆支撑臂沿防倾传动杆的轴向均布,多个防倾杆支撑臂中的每个防倾杆支撑臂的一端均与固定块的底端转动连接,每个防倾杆支撑臂的另一端均与防倾传动杆转动连接。
所述每个发电模块均包括外壳、外壳上盖、齿条组、多个小齿轮和多个增速发电机,外壳上盖位于外壳的顶部,外壳底端的外表面与所述地下保护外壳底面贴合;
外壳底端的内表面设有支脚,支脚顶部固定连接有导向块,导向块上设有方形通孔,齿条组为一端有连接孔的方形杆,连接孔套装在其所在发电模块对应的连接杆上,齿条组的另一端穿过导向块上的方形通孔,且齿条组能够在导向块上的方形通孔内滑动,齿条组方形杆四个侧壁中的每一个侧壁上均设有齿条;
多个小齿轮均布在齿条组的方形杆四个侧壁上,多个小齿轮中的每个小齿轮均与其所在齿条组侧壁上的齿条啮合连接,每个小齿轮均对应一个增速发电机,每个小齿轮均与其对应的增速发电机的输入轴驱动连接,每个增速发电机均固定在外壳上,每个增速发电机的输出端产生的电流通过线路传输至外部使用。
所述每个防倾传动杆与所述支座连接块的连接处均设有弹簧,所述每个防倾支座上的两个支座连接块上均设有与所述两个防倾传动杆对应的通孔,所述两个防倾传动杆穿过其对应的支座连接块上的通孔;
弹簧位于所述支座连接块上的通孔内,且弹簧分别与所述支座连接块上通孔的孔壁和穿过所述支座连接块上通孔的防倾传动杆接触。
所述多个通孔的每个侧壁和所述开槽与所述动作块接触的侧壁上均设有导向轮。
所述外壳和所述地下保护外壳的侧壁上均设有散热口,所述散热口上设有防水挡板。
优选地,所述多个小齿轮与其对应的增速发电机的数量均为12个。
所述外壳和所述地下保护外壳的底部均设有排水孔。
所述齿条组有所述连接孔的一端与所述外壳上盖之间设有辅助弹簧。
本发明设计提供的减速带发电组,主要置于减速带装置上,通过收集因颠簸,振动而产生的动能,将其转化为电能并储存起来,能够为地下停车场指示牌、灯泡等供电,还可设置能量站为手机等电子产品充电,将原本无用的机械能转换为电能,达到了节能减排、绿色出行和低碳环保的目的,且安装简单便捷,使用时无需人工操作,对社会发展有很大的意义。
附图说明
图1是本发明提供的减速带发电组的结构分解示意图;
图2是本发明提供的减速带发电组中发电模块示意图;
图3是本发明提供的减速带发电组中小齿轮和增速发电机结构示意图;
图4是本发明提供的减速带发电组中固定块处局部结构示意图;
图5是本发明提供的减速带发电组中固定块底部局部结构示意图;
图6是本发明提供的减速带发电组中固定块与动作块底部局部结构示意图;
其中,
1固定块,2动作块,3开槽,4塔簧,5地下保护外壳,6发电模块,7防倾传动杆,8连接杆,9防倾支座,10通孔,11支座连接块,12防倾杆支撑臂,13外壳,14外壳上盖,15齿条组,16小齿轮,17增速发电机,18支脚,19导向块,20连接孔,21齿条,22弹簧,23导向轮,24散热口,25防水挡板,26辅助弹簧。
具体实施方式
需要说明,本发明实施例中所有方向性指示(诸如上、下、左、右、前、后……)仅用于解释在某一特定姿态(如附图所示)下各部件之间的相对位置关系、运动情况等,如果该特定姿态发生改变时,则该方向性指示也相应地随之改变。
另外,在本发明中涉及“第一”、“第二”等的描述仅用于描述目的,而不能理解为指示或暗示其相对重要性或者隐含指明所指示的技术特征的数量。由此,限定有“第一”、“第二”的特征可以明示或者隐含地包括至少一个该特征。另外,各个实施例之间的技术方案可以相 互结合,但是必须是以本领域普通技术人员能够实现为基础,当技术方案的结合出现相互矛盾或无法实现时应当认为这种技术方案的结合不存在,也不在本发明要求的保护范围之内。
为了解决现有技术存在的问题,如图1至图6所示,本发明提供了一种减速带发电组,包括地上部分和地下部分;地上部分包括固定块1和动作块2,固定块1的底端位于地面之上,固定块1的顶端为弧面,且固定块1的顶端中心设有开槽3,动作块2位于开槽3内,动作块2的顶端为弧面,且动作块2的弧面顶端与固定块1的弧面顶端能够形成一个完整弧面,即日常生活中常见的减速带。
动作块2和固定块1之间设有多个塔簧4;塔簧4能够对动作块2起到支撑作用,同时能够产生回弹力使动作块2受到压力时回弹复位,塔簧4的数量可以根据实际情况而定,在本实施例中,采用3个塔簧4。
地下部分包括地下保护外壳5和位于地下保护外壳5内的防倾传动机构和多个发电模块6;地下保护外壳5位于地下,且地下保护外壳5与固定块1的底端固定连接。防倾传动机构包括两个防倾传动杆7和多个连接杆8,动作块2的底端设有多个防倾支座9,多个连接杆8中的每个连接杆8对应一个防倾支座9,多个连接杆8中的每个连接杆8对应一个发电模块6,每个连接杆8与其对应的发电模块6连接。
固定块1上开槽3的底部表面设有多个通孔10,通孔10与塔簧4间隔布置,且通孔10均布在固定块1上,多个防倾支座9中的每个防倾支座9对应一个通孔10。
每个防倾支座9均穿过其对应的通孔10伸入至地下保护外壳5内,多个通孔10的每个侧壁和开槽3与动作块2接触的侧壁上均设有导向轮23,导向轮23能够减小动作块2与开槽3和每个防倾支座9与其对应的通孔10之间的摩擦。
每个防倾支座9上均设有两个支座连接块11,如图6所示,每个连接杆8的两端均分别与其对应的防倾支座9上的两个支座连接块11相连,两个防倾传动杆7依次穿过每个防倾支座9上的两个支座连接块11,且两个防倾传动杆7以其穿过的每个防倾支座9上的连接杆8为中心对称布置;
每个防倾传动杆7与支座连接块11的连接处均设有弹簧22,每个防倾支座9上的两个支座连接块11上均设有与两个防倾传动杆7对应的通孔,两个防倾传动杆7穿过其对应的支座连接块11上的通孔;
弹簧22位于支座连接块11上的通孔内,且弹簧22分别与支座连接块11上通孔的孔壁和穿过支座连接块11上通孔的防倾传动杆7接触,弹簧22可以使防倾传动杆7有效的弹回。
当汽车从任意位置压过时,动作块2带动两个防倾传动杆7可以使地下承压部分整块同 步动作,即两个防倾传动杆7依次穿过的每个防倾支座9对应的发电模块6同步动作。
连接杆8、通孔10、防倾支座9和的数量发电模块6的数量均根据实际情况而定,在本实施例中,发电模块6的数量为4个,发电模块6对应的连接杆8、连接杆8对应的防倾支座9和防倾支座9对应的通孔10的数量均为4个。
两个防倾传动杆7中的每个防倾传动杆7上均设有多个防倾杆支撑臂12,多个防倾杆支撑臂12沿防倾传动杆7的轴向均布,多个防倾杆支撑臂12中的每个防倾杆支撑臂12的一端均与固定块1的底端转动连接,每个防倾杆支撑臂12的另一端均与其在的防倾传动杆7转动连接。
每个发电模块6均包括外壳13、外壳上盖14、齿条组15、多个小齿轮16和多个增速发电机17,外壳上盖14位于外壳13的顶部,外壳13底端的外表面与地下保护外壳5底面贴合;
外壳13与地下保护外壳5的侧壁上均设有散热口24,散热口24能够起到通风散热的作用,散热口24上设有防水挡板25,防止雨水或其他废水进入到地下保护外壳5内。外壳13和地下保护外壳5的底部均设有排水孔,可以将少量进入外壳13的废水排出到地下保护外壳5内,并从地下保护外壳5内的排水孔排出。
外壳13底端的内表面设有支脚18,支脚18顶部固定连接有导向块19,导向块19上设有方形通孔,齿条组15为一端有连接孔20的方形杆,连接孔20套装在其所在发电模块6对应的连接杆8上,齿条组15有连接孔20的一端与外壳上盖14之间设有辅助弹簧26。
齿条组15的另一端穿过导向块19上的方形通孔,且齿条组15能够在导向块19上的方形通孔内滑动,齿条组15方形杆四个侧壁中的每一个侧壁上均设有齿条21;
多个小齿轮16均布在齿条组15的方形杆四个侧壁上,多个小齿轮16中的每个小齿轮16均与其所在齿条组15侧壁上的齿条21啮合连接,每个小齿轮16均对应一个增速发电机17,每个小齿轮16均与其对应的增速发电机17的输入轴驱动连接,每个增速发电机17均固定在外壳13上,每个增速发电机17的输出端产生的电流通过线路传输至外部使用。
道路旁设置有电能收集箱,收集箱内设有变压整流滤波电路和蓄电装置,每个增速发电机17的输出端与变压整流滤波电路电连接,变压整流滤波电路将发电模块6产生的电能领过整流和稳压转换成稳定的电流,输送至蓄电装置存储,再通过电路升压后供给给路灯、警示牌或其他装置使用。变压整流滤波电路和蓄电装置均为常见技术手段,故不做详细描述,附图中未画出。
当地上部分受到振动使动作块2上下运动时,经过防倾支座9带动连接杆8,进而带动连接杆8对应的发电模块6使齿条组15向上下运动,从而使与齿条组15上的齿条21啮合的 小齿轮转动,以此带动发电机开始工作,同步发电。
齿条21、小齿轮16和增速发电机17均为市面上常见的产品。增速发电机17带有小型变速器,可将有限的齿条行程进行放大,从而有效的增大发电量。
优选地,多个小齿轮16与其对应的增速发电机17的数量均为12个。
本发明涉及的减速带发电组,其发电量的计算过程如下:
设汽车通过地上部分的速度V=20Km/h约为5.56m/s,减速带发电组的有效发电宽度为L=0.12m,则一次轮胎通过时的发电时间t 1为:
Figure PCTCN2018087684-appb-000001
单程发电时间,即汽车单排轮胎通过后的发电时间t2为:
t 2=t 1=0.0215s
齿条21与小齿轮16的模数m均m=1,考虑汽车压过地上部分的时间较短,地上部分的运动过程几乎为瞬间动作,如果使用多级传动,则齿轮啮合的瞬间应力将会很大,非常容易产生齿根疲劳现象,所以传动为一级传动。设小齿轮齿数z=12,则小齿轮的直径d 1为:
d 1=m×z=1×12=12mm
设地上部分动作块2行程为30mm,小型变速装置变速比i为5,后续计算均以此为基础,根据弧长公式反推齿条21的旋转角度φ 发电机
Figure PCTCN2018087684-appb-000002
发电机角速度ω为
Figure PCTCN2018087684-appb-000003
本发明涉及的减速带发电组,选用增速发电机17的型号,其转子半径r=0.012m,切割磁感线导线长度l=0.034m,设所需的磁感应强度B=1T,线圈匝数n=110r,可以计算单个发电机的感应电动势E
E=nBlωr=110r×1T×0.034m×186rad/s×0.012m≈8.35V
感应电流I大约为0.5A,因此单个发电机模块的功率P 1=E×I=8.35V×0.5A=4.18W。
在本实施例中,选用4个发电模块6,每个发电模块6中包括12个增速发电机17,即本实施例中共包括48个增速发电机17,总功率P为:
P=P 1×48=4.18×48=200.64W
考虑到线路损失P',按P'=200W,
在大型停车场有源源不断的车流,据此计算一天减速带发电装置每日发电时间20h,发电量W为:
W=P×t=200W×20h=4kW·h
这些电量可以给照明设备,指示灯供电,也可以给手机充电,现以一部3000mAh的手机为例,进行实际的工作环境计算,一般手机电池标称电压3.7V,取4V来计算一部手机充满电的耗电量w':
w'=3000mAh×4V=0.012kW·h
可满足手机的充电数n 1
Figure PCTCN2018087684-appb-000004
经计算,一条减速带一天的发电量可以满足333部手机的充电量,可见本减速带发电装置发电量巨大。
本发明涉及的减速带发电组的性能参数见表1:
表1 发电能力参数
Figure PCTCN2018087684-appb-000005
一年按365天计算,单条减速带每年发电量W=365×4000=1460kW·h
按市场价格,每度电0.6元计算,每条减速带每年可直接带来经济效益1460x0.6=876元。
本发明设计提供的一种减速带发电组,主要置于减速带装置上,通过收集因颠簸,振动而产生的动能,将其转化为电能并储存起来,能够为地下停车场指示牌、灯泡等供电,还可设置能量站为手机等电子产品充电,将原本无用的机械能转换为电能,达到了节能减排、绿 色出行和低碳环保的目的,减速带稳定性较强,在保证自身稳定可靠的前提下能够实现能量转化的作用,可以达到能量转换与安全性的统一。经过对齿轮传动比与发电效率的计算,对于一般条件下的减速带,初步认为电量能够满足地下车库的照明设备的电量需求。如果将其应用于车流量高的地段和震动更剧烈的场合,其发电性能将更加可观,前景广阔。且本发明涉及的减速带发电组,安装简单便捷,使用时无需人工操作,且发电量较大,便于施工、安装以及后期的维护,减速带结构紧凑,使用多组变速发电机环绕分层布置,增大发电功率的同时减小了发电模块的体积,地上动作块使用防倾杆设计,一处受力,整块发电,决绝了只有受力处发电的局限性问题,对社会发展有很大的意义。
以上所述仅为本发明的较佳实施例,并不用以限制本发明,凡在本发明的精神和原则之内,所作的任何修改、等同替换、改进等,均应包含在本发明的保护范围之内。

Claims (9)

  1. 一种减速带发电组,其特征在于,所述发电组包括地上部分和地下部分;地上部分包括固定块(1)和动作块(2),固定块(1)的底端位于地面之上,固定块(1)的顶端为弧面,且固定块(1)的顶端中心设有开槽(3),动作块(2)位于开槽(3)内,动作块(2)和固定块(1)之间设有多个塔簧(4);
    地下部分包括地下保护外壳(5)和位于地下保护外壳(5)内的防倾传动机构和多个发电模块(6);地下保护外壳(5)位于地下,且地下保护外壳(5)与固定块(1)的底端固定连接;
    防倾传动机构包括两个防倾传动杆(7)和多个连接杆(8),动作块(2)的底端设有多个防倾支座(9),多个连接杆(8)中的每个连接杆(8)对应一个防倾支座(9),多个连接杆(8)中的每个连接杆(8)对应一个发电模块(6),固定块(1)上开槽(3)的底部表面设有多个通孔(10),多个防倾支座(9)中的每个防倾支座(9)对应一个通孔(10);
    每个防倾支座(9)均穿过其对应的通孔(10)伸入至地下保护外壳(5)内,每个防倾支座(9)上均设有两个支座连接块(11),每个连接杆(8)的两端均分别与其对应的防倾支座(9)上的两个支座连接块(11)相连,两个防倾传动杆(7)依次穿过每个防倾支座(9)上的两个支座连接块(11),且两个防倾传动杆(7)以其穿过的每个防倾支座(9)上的连接杆(8)为中心对称布置;
    每个连接杆(8)与其对应的发电模块(6)连接。
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的减速带发电组,其特征在于,所述两个防倾传动杆(7)中的每个防倾传动杆(7)上均设有多个防倾杆支撑臂(12),多个防倾杆支撑臂(12)沿所述防倾传动杆(7)的轴向均布,多个防倾杆支撑臂(12)中的每个防倾杆支撑臂(12)的一端均与所述固定块(1)的底端转动连接,每个防倾杆支撑臂(12)的另一端均与所述防倾传动杆(7)转动连接。
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的减速带发电组,其特征在于,所述每个发电模块(6)均包括外壳(13)、外壳上盖(14)、齿条组(15)、多个小齿轮(16)和多个增速发电机(17),外壳上盖(14)位于外壳(13)的顶部,外壳(13)底端的外表面与所述地下保护外壳(5)底面贴合;
    外壳(13)底端的内表面设有支脚(18),支脚(18)顶部固定连接有导向块(19),导向块(19)上设有方形通孔,齿条组(15)为一端有连接孔(20)的方形杆,连接孔(20)套装在其所在发电模块(6)对应的连接杆(8)上,齿条组(15)的另一端穿过导向块(19)上的方形通孔,且齿条组(15)能够在导向块(19)上的方形通孔内滑动,齿条组(15)方形杆四个侧壁中的每一个侧壁上均设有齿条(21);
    多个小齿轮(16)均布在齿条组(15)的方形杆四个侧壁上,多个小齿轮(16)中的每个小齿轮(16)均与其所在齿条组(15)侧壁上的齿条(21)啮合连接,每个小齿轮(16)均对应一个增速发电机(17),每个小齿轮(16)均与其对应的增速发电机(17)的输入轴驱动连接,每个增速发电机(17)均固定在外壳(13)上,每个增速发电机(17)的输出端产生的电流通过线路传输至外部使用。
  4. 根据权利要求1所述的减速带发电组,其特征在于,所述每个防倾传动杆(7)与所述支座连接块(11)的连接处均设有弹簧(22),所述每个防倾支座(9)上的两个支座连接块(11)上均设有与所述两个防倾传动杆(7)对应的通孔,所述两个防倾传动杆(7)穿过其对应的支座连接块(11)上的通孔;
    弹簧(22)位于所述支座连接块(11)上的通孔内,且弹簧(22)分别与所述支座连接块(11)上通孔的孔壁和穿过所述支座连接块(11)上通孔的防倾传动杆(7)接触。
  5. 根据权利要求1所述的减速带发电组,其特征在于,所述多个通孔(10)的每个侧壁和所述开槽(3)与所述动作块(2)接触的侧壁上均设有导向轮(23)。
  6. 根据权利要求3所述的减速带发电组,其特征在于,所述外壳(13)和所述地下保护外壳(5)的侧壁上均设有散热口(24),所述散热口(24)上设有防水挡板(25)。
  7. 根据权利要求3所述的减速带发电组,其特征在于,优选地,所述多个小齿轮(16)与其对应的增速发电机(17)的数量均为12个。
  8. 根据权利要求3所述的减速带发电组,其特征在于,所述外壳(13)和所述地下保护外壳(5)的底部均设有排水孔。
  9. 根据权利要求3所述的减速带发电组,其特征在于,所述齿条组(15)有所述连接孔(20)的一端与所述外壳上盖(14)之间设有辅助弹簧(26)。
PCT/CN2018/087684 2018-05-15 2018-05-21 减速带发电组 WO2019218375A1 (zh)

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