WO2019196053A1 - High-efficiency energy-saving integrated water treatment device - Google Patents

High-efficiency energy-saving integrated water treatment device Download PDF

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WO2019196053A1
WO2019196053A1 PCT/CN2018/082791 CN2018082791W WO2019196053A1 WO 2019196053 A1 WO2019196053 A1 WO 2019196053A1 CN 2018082791 W CN2018082791 W CN 2018082791W WO 2019196053 A1 WO2019196053 A1 WO 2019196053A1
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tank
water
pipeline
sludge
pool
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French (fr)
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周长贵
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苏州荣能环保科技有限公司
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Priority to PCT/CN2018/082791 priority Critical patent/WO2019196053A1/en
Publication of WO2019196053A1 publication Critical patent/WO2019196053A1/en

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F9/00Multistage treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/001Processes for the treatment of water whereby the filtration technique is of importance
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/24Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by flotation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/28Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption
    • C02F1/283Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption using coal, charred products, or inorganic mixtures containing them
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/40Devices for separating or removing fatty or oily substances or similar floating material
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/44Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by dialysis, osmosis or reverse osmosis
    • C02F1/441Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by dialysis, osmosis or reverse osmosis by reverse osmosis
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/44Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by dialysis, osmosis or reverse osmosis
    • C02F1/444Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by dialysis, osmosis or reverse osmosis by ultrafiltration or microfiltration
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/52Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by flocculation or precipitation of suspended impurities
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/52Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by flocculation or precipitation of suspended impurities
    • C02F1/5236Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by flocculation or precipitation of suspended impurities using inorganic agents
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/52Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by flocculation or precipitation of suspended impurities
    • C02F1/5281Installations for water purification using chemical agents
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/52Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by flocculation or precipitation of suspended impurities
    • C02F1/54Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by flocculation or precipitation of suspended impurities using organic material
    • C02F1/56Macromolecular compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/66Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by neutralisation; pH adjustment
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/72Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by oxidation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F11/00Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor
    • C02F11/12Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor by de-watering, drying or thickening
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F2001/007Processes including a sedimentation step
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2209/00Controlling or monitoring parameters in water treatment
    • C02F2209/005Processes using a programmable logic controller [PLC]
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2301/00General aspects of water treatment
    • C02F2301/08Multistage treatments, e.g. repetition of the same process step under different conditions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/28Anaerobic digestion processes
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/30Aerobic and anaerobic processes

Abstract

A high-efficiency energy-saving integrated water treatment device, comprising a domestic sewage pretreatment module, an industrial sewage pretreatment module and a mixing treatment module; the domestic sewage pretreatment module comprises a grating well (1), an oil separation tank (2), a comprehensive regulation tank (3), an anaerobic tank (4), an oxidation tank (5) and a sedimentation tank (6); the industrial sewage pretreatment module comprises a sand sinking tank (7), a regulation tank (8), a coagulation tank (9), a flocculation tank (10), an air flotation tank (11) and a sludge thickening tank (12); the mixing treatment module comprises an intermediate water tank (13), a sand filtering container (14), a carbon filtering container (15), an ultra-filtration apparatus (16) and a reverse-osmosis apparatus (17); the sedimentation tank (6) is in communication with the intermediate water tank (13); the anaerobic tank (4), the oxidation tank (5) and the sedimentation tank (6) are in communication with the sludge thickening tank (12) by means of sludge pipes respectively; the ultra-filtration apparatus (16) and a concentrated water tank (20) are in communication with the regulation tank (8) by means of a concentrated water return pipe, respectively. By simultaneously performing concentration processing on the industrial sewage and domestic sewage generated in the production process, the water treatment efficiency and the qualification rate of water discharge are improved, and the water treatment cost is reduced.

Description

高效节能综合水处理设备Energy efficient integrated water treatment equipment 技术领域Technical field
本发明属于废水回收处理技术领域,特别是涉及一种将工业废水和生活污水一体化处理的设备。The invention belongs to the technical field of wastewater reclamation treatment, and in particular relates to an apparatus for integrally treating industrial wastewater and domestic sewage.
背景技术Background technique
水是人类最宝贵的自然资源之一,更是人类和一切生物赖以生存和不可缺少的重要资源,我国的水资源总量不少,但是我国人口众多,人均占有量就很贫乏,更令人不安的是这有限的水资源还遭受着不同程度的污染,甚至有些地方是严重污染。Water is one of the most precious natural resources of mankind. It is also an important resource for human beings and all living things to survive and indispensable. China has a large amount of water resources, but China has a large population and its per capita possession is very poor. It is disturbing that this limited water resource is also subject to varying degrees of pollution, and even some places are heavily polluted.
电子企业在生产过程中会产生大量的生活污水和工业废水,其水体中的成分较复杂,若不进行处理,直接排出会污染地表水,毒性较大的还会导致水生动植物死亡甚至绝迹。并且,工业废水和生活污水还会渗透到地下,污染地下水进而污染农作物,最终危害人类的健康,并对周边环境造成破坏。In the production process, electronic enterprises will produce a large amount of domestic sewage and industrial wastewater. The composition of the water body is more complicated. If it is not treated, it will directly pollute the surface water. The toxicity will lead to the death or even extinction of aquatic animals and plants. Moreover, industrial wastewater and domestic sewage will also penetrate into the ground, pollute the groundwater and pollute crops, eventually endangering human health and causing damage to the surrounding environment.
现阶段,企业对工业废水和生活污水的处理方式相对独立,这样处理成本较大,给企业造成较大的经济负担;而且采用的处理工艺方法较粗糙,不能满足工业废水和生活污水的排放标准。At this stage, the treatment of industrial wastewater and domestic sewage is relatively independent, so that the treatment cost is large, which causes a large economic burden for the enterprise; and the treatment method adopted is rough, which cannot meet the discharge standards of industrial wastewater and domestic sewage. .
发明内容Summary of the invention
本发明主要解决的技术问题是提供一种高效节能综合水处理设备,同时对生产过程中产生的工业废水和生活污水集中处理,提高水处理效率和水排放的达标率,降低企业水处理成本,经济实用。The technical problem mainly solved by the invention is to provide an energy-efficient integrated water treatment equipment, and simultaneously treat industrial wastewater and domestic sewage generated in the production process, improve the water treatment efficiency and the water discharge compliance rate, and reduce the water treatment cost of the enterprise. Economical and practical.
为解决上述技术问题,本发明采用的一个技术方案是:一种高效节能综合水处理设备,包括生活污水预处理模块、工业废水预处理模块和混合处理模块;In order to solve the above technical problem, a technical solution adopted by the present invention is: an energy-efficient integrated water treatment device, including a domestic sewage pretreatment module, an industrial wastewater pretreatment module, and a mixing processing module;
所述生活污水处理模块包括通过废水管道依次连通的格栅井、隔油池、综合调节池、厌氧池、氧化池和沉淀池;所述工业废水预处理模块包括通过废水管道依次连通的沉砂池、调节池、混凝池、絮凝池、气浮池和污泥浓缩 池;所述混合处理模块包括通过废水管道依次连通的中间水池、砂滤罐、碳滤罐、超滤装置和反渗透装置;所述沉淀池与所述中间水池连通;所述厌氧池、氧化池和沉淀池分别通过污泥管道与所述污泥浓缩池连通;所述反渗透装置包括淡水出水口和浓水出水口,所述淡水出水口通过管道与回用水箱连通,所述浓水出水口通过管道与浓水箱连通;所述超滤装置和所述浓水箱分别通过浓水回流管道与所述调节池连通;The domestic sewage treatment module includes a grid well, a grease trap, an integrated regulating tank, an anaerobic tank, an oxidation tank and a sedimentation tank which are sequentially connected through a waste water pipeline; the industrial wastewater pretreatment module includes a sink connected through the waste water pipeline in sequence Sand pool, regulating tank, coagulation tank, flocculation tank, air flotation tank and sludge concentration tank; the mixing treatment module comprises an intermediate pool, a sand filter tank, a carbon filter tank, an ultrafiltration device and a reverse osmosis which are sequentially connected through the waste water pipeline The sedimentation tank is in communication with the intermediate pool; the anaerobic tank, the oxidation tank and the sedimentation tank are respectively connected to the sludge concentration tank through a sludge pipeline; the reverse osmosis device comprises a fresh water outlet and concentrated water a water outlet, the fresh water outlet is connected to the return water tank through a pipeline, and the concentrated water outlet is connected to the concentrated water tank through a pipeline; the ultrafiltration device and the concentrated water tank respectively pass through the concentrated water return pipeline and the adjustment tank Connected
所述气浮池包括气浮池出水口和气浮池排污口,所述污泥浓缩池包括污泥浓缩池出水口和污泥浓缩池排污口;所述气浮池出水口和所述污泥浓缩池出水口分别通过废水管道与所述综合调节池连通;所述气浮池排污口通过污泥管道与污泥浓缩池连通,所述污泥浓缩池的排污口通过污泥管道与压滤机连通;The air floating pool includes a gas floating tank water outlet and a gas floating tank sewage outlet, the sludge concentration tank includes a sludge concentration tank water outlet and a sludge concentration tank sewage outlet; the air floating pool water outlet and the sludge concentration tank water outlet The sewage outlet is connected to the integrated regulating tank through a waste water pipeline; the sewage outlet of the air floating tank is connected to the sludge thickening tank through a sludge pipeline, and the sewage outlet of the sludge thickening tank is connected to the filter press through the sludge pipeline;
所述调节池的池底、混凝池的池底、絮凝池的池底、综合调节池的池底和厌氧池的池底分别设有一搅拌机构,所述氧化池的池底设有曝气器,所述曝气器与氧化池外壁的风机通过管道连通;The bottom of the adjustment tank, the bottom of the concrete pool, the bottom of the flocculation tank, the bottom of the comprehensive adjustment tank and the bottom of the anaerobic tank are respectively provided with a stirring mechanism, and the bottom of the oxidation pool is exposed a gas turbine, wherein the aerator is connected to a fan of an outer wall of the oxidation tank through a pipe;
所述混凝池具有氢氧化钠加药口和PAC加药口,所述氢氧化钠加药口外接氢氧化钠加药箱,所述PAC加药口外接PAC加药箱;所述絮凝池具有PAM加药口,所述PAM加药口外接PAM加药箱;The coagulation tank has a sodium hydroxide dosing port and a PAC dosing port, the sodium hydroxide dosing port is externally connected with a sodium hydroxide dosing box, and the PAC dosing port is externally connected with a PAC dosing box; the flocculation tank The utility model has a PAM dosing port, and the PAM dosing port is externally connected with a PAM dosing box;
所述气浮池的外壁设有用于给气浮池供气的溶气罐;The outer wall of the air floating pool is provided with a dissolved gas tank for supplying air to the air floating pool;
还包括控制器,所述压滤机、搅拌机构、风机、氢氧化钠加药箱的电磁阀、PAC加药箱的电磁阀、PAM加药箱的电磁阀和溶气罐分别与所述控制器电连接。Also included is a controller, the filter press, a stirring mechanism, a fan, a solenoid valve of a sodium hydroxide dosing box, a solenoid valve of a PAC dosing box, a solenoid valve of a PAM dosing tank, and a dissolved gas tank, respectively, and the control Electrical connection.
进一步地说,所述压滤机的出水口通过管道与综合调节池连通。Further, the water outlet of the filter press is connected to the integrated regulating tank through a pipe.
进一步地说,所述调节池内设有检测调节池酸碱度的pH仪,所述pH仪与所述控制器电连接。Further, a pH meter for detecting the pH of the conditioning tank is provided in the conditioning tank, and the pH meter is electrically connected to the controller.
进一步地说,所述气浮池的上方设有刮渣机构,所述刮渣机构包括刮渣板、固定刮渣板的传动链条和带动传动链条运行的驱动机构,所述驱动机构与控制器电连接。Further, a slag scraping mechanism is disposed above the air floating pool, and the scraping mechanism includes a scraping plate, a driving chain for fixing the scraping plate, and a driving mechanism for driving the driving chain, wherein the driving mechanism and the controller are electrically connection.
进一步地说,所述溶气罐包括进气口和进水口,所述溶气罐的进水口通 过管道与所述回用水箱连接,所述溶气罐的进气口外接高压气源。Further, the dissolved gas tank comprises an air inlet and a water inlet, and a water inlet of the dissolved gas tank is connected to the water return tank through a pipeline, and an air inlet of the dissolved gas tank is externally connected to a high pressure gas source.
进一步地说,所述超滤装置内设有PVDF超滤膜。Further, a PVDF ultrafiltration membrane is disposed in the ultrafiltration device.
进一步地说,所述反渗透装置内设有反渗透组件,所述反渗透组件设有依次叠合的(按水流方向)聚丙烯膜、醋酸纤维素膜和芳香族聚酰胺膜,所述聚丙烯膜的表面微孔孔径为100-200nm,所述醋酸纤维素膜的表面微孔孔径为8-10nm,所述芳香族聚酰胺膜的表面微孔孔径为0.5-1.5nm。Further, the reverse osmosis device is provided with a reverse osmosis unit, and the reverse osmosis unit is provided with a polypropylene film, a cellulose acetate film and an aromatic polyamide film which are sequentially laminated (in the water flow direction). The surface micropore diameter of the propylene film is 100 to 200 nm, the surface micropore diameter of the cellulose acetate film is 8 to 10 nm, and the surface micropore diameter of the aromatic polyamide film is 0.5 to 1.5 nm.
进一步地说,所述沉砂池内设有圆锥体沉砂槽,所述沉砂槽的外周面上分布有若干异径滤孔,所述沉砂槽的上部开口与废水管道连通,所述沉砂槽的下部锥形口通过污泥管道与污泥浓缩池连通,所述沉砂池的底部且位于沉砂槽的任意一侧通过废水管道与混凝池连通。Further, the grit chamber is provided with a cone grit chamber, and a plurality of different diameter filtering holes are arranged on the outer peripheral surface of the grit chamber, and the upper opening of the grit chamber is connected with the waste water pipe, and the sinking The lower conical mouth of the sand trough is connected to the sludge concentration tank through a sludge pipeline, and the bottom of the grit chamber is connected to the coagulation tank through the waste water pipeline on either side of the grit chamber.
进一步地说,所述沉砂槽为耐酸碱材质的沉砂槽。Further, the grit chamber is a grit chamber that is resistant to acid and alkali.
进一步地说,所述滤孔的孔径为0.01-0.1cm。Further, the pore size of the filter pore is 0.01 to 0.1 cm.
本发明的有益效果至少具有以下几点:The beneficial effects of the present invention have at least the following points:
1、本发明包括生活污水预处理模块、工业废水预处理模块和混合处理模块,对生产过程中产生的工业废水和生活污水集中处理,保证排出的水体中COD值≤500mg/l,浊度<1-2NTU,色度<5,pH值为6-8且氨氮的浓度和磷酸盐的浓度均为0;1. The invention comprises a domestic sewage pretreatment module, an industrial wastewater pretreatment module and a mixed treatment module, and the industrial wastewater and domestic sewage generated in the production process are collectively treated to ensure that the COD value in the discharged water body is ≤500 mg/l, and the turbidity is < 1-2 NTU, chroma <5, pH 6-8 and both ammonia nitrogen concentration and phosphate concentration are 0;
2、本发明通过生活污水预处理模块、工业废水预处理模块和混合处理模块,且生活污水预处理模块、工业废水预处理模块和混合处理模块之间交叉处理,保证废液和废渣的零排放,提高废水的排放标准;2. The invention cross-processes the domestic sewage pretreatment module, the industrial wastewater pretreatment module and the mixed treatment module, and the domestic sewage pretreatment module, the industrial wastewater pretreatment module and the mixing treatment module to ensure zero discharge of waste liquid and waste residue. To improve wastewater discharge standards;
3、本发明反渗透装置内设有反渗透组件,反渗透组件设有依次叠合的(按水流方向)聚丙烯膜、醋酸纤维素膜和芳香族聚酰胺膜,有效除去水体中的微生物、胶体和有机物等;3. The reverse osmosis unit is provided in the reverse osmosis device of the present invention, and the reverse osmosis unit is provided with a polypropylene film, a cellulose acetate film and an aromatic polyamide film which are sequentially stacked (in the direction of water flow), thereby effectively removing microorganisms in the water body, Colloids and organic matter;
4、本发明沉砂池内设有圆锥体沉砂槽,沉砂槽的外周面上分布有若干异径滤孔,废水进入圆锥体沉砂槽,并以旋涡式向下流,水体内的大分子颗粒物被滤孔阻挡留置沉砂槽内,有效提高废水经过沉砂池后的清澈度;4. The grit chamber of the present invention is provided with a cone grit chamber, and a plurality of different diameter filter holes are distributed on the outer peripheral surface of the grit chamber, the waste water enters the cone grit chamber, and flows downward in a vortex, and the macromolecule in the water body The particles are blocked by the filter holes and remain in the grit chamber, which effectively improves the clarity of the wastewater after passing through the grit chamber;
5、本发明的处理设备布局合理,工艺流程顺畅,确保处理设备长期稳定运行,保证废水达标排放。5. The processing equipment of the invention has reasonable layout and smooth process flow, ensures long-term stable operation of the processing equipment, and ensures that the wastewater reaches the standard discharge.
附图说明DRAWINGS
图1是本发明的工艺设备结构示意图;Figure 1 is a schematic structural view of a process apparatus of the present invention;
图2是本发明沉砂池的结构示意图;2 is a schematic structural view of a grit chamber of the present invention;
图3是本发明控制原理示意图;Figure 3 is a schematic diagram of the control principle of the present invention;
附图中各部分标记如下:The parts in the drawing are marked as follows:
格栅井1、隔油池2、综合调节池3、厌氧池4、氧化池5、沉淀池6、沉砂池7、调节池8、混凝池9、絮凝池10、气浮池11、污泥浓缩池12、中间水池13、砂滤罐14、碳滤罐15、超滤装置16、反渗透装置17、压滤机18、回用水箱19、浓水箱20、搅拌机构21、风机22、氢氧化钠加药箱23、PAC加药箱24、PAM加药箱25、溶气罐26、控制器27、pH仪28和沉砂槽29。Grille well 1, grease trap 2, integrated regulating tank 3, anaerobic tank 4, oxidation tank 5, sedimentation tank 6, grit chamber 7, regulating tank 8, coagulation tank 9, flocculation tank 10, air flotation tank 11, Sludge concentration tank 12, intermediate pool 13, sand filter tank 14, carbon filter tank 15, ultrafiltration device 16, reverse osmosis device 17, filter press 18, return water tank 19, concentrated water tank 20, stirring mechanism 21, fan 22 A sodium hydroxide dosing tank 23, a PAC dosing tank 24, a PAM dosing tank 25, a dissolved gas tank 26, a controller 27, a pH meter 28, and a grit chamber 29.
具体实施方式detailed description
下面结合附图对本发明的较佳实施例进行详细阐述,以使本发明的优点和特征能更易于被本领域技术人员理解,从而对本发明的保护范围做出更为清楚明确的界定。The preferred embodiments of the present invention are described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which the advantages and features of the invention can be more readily understood by those skilled in the art.
实施例:一种高效节能综合水处理设备,如图1-图3所示,包括生活污水预处理模块、工业废水预处理模块和混合处理模块;Embodiment: An energy-efficient integrated water treatment device, as shown in FIGS. 1 to 3, includes a domestic sewage pretreatment module, an industrial wastewater pretreatment module, and a mixing treatment module;
所述生活污水处理模块包括通过废水管道依次连通的格栅井1、隔油池2、综合调节池3、厌氧池4、氧化池5和沉淀池6;所述工业废水预处理模块包括通过废水管道依次连通的沉砂池7、调节池8、混凝池9、絮凝池10、气浮池11和污泥浓缩池12;所述混合处理模块包括通过废水管道依次连通的中间水池13、砂滤罐14、碳滤罐15、超滤装置16和反渗透装置17;所述沉淀池6与所述中间水池13连通;所述厌氧池、氧化池和沉淀池分别通过污泥管道与所述污泥浓缩池连通;所述反渗透装置17包括淡水出水口和浓水出水口,所述淡水出水口通过管道与回用水箱19连通,所述浓水出水口通过管道与浓水箱20连通;所述超滤装置16和所述浓水箱20分别通过浓水回流管道与所述调节池连通;The domestic sewage treatment module comprises a grid well 1, a grease trap 2, an integrated adjustment tank 3, an anaerobic tank 4, an oxidation tank 5 and a sedimentation tank 6 which are sequentially connected through a waste water pipeline; the industrial wastewater pretreatment module includes The waste water pipeline sequentially connects the grit chamber 7, the adjustment tank 8, the coagulation tank 9, the flocculation tank 10, the air flotation tank 11 and the sludge concentration tank 12; the mixing treatment module includes an intermediate pool 13 and sand which are sequentially connected through the waste water pipeline a canister 14, a carbon canister 15, an ultrafiltration device 16 and a reverse osmosis device 17; the sedimentation tank 6 is in communication with the intermediate pool 13; the anaerobic tank, the oxidation tank and the sedimentation tank respectively pass through the sludge pipeline The sludge concentrating tank is connected; the reverse osmosis device 17 includes a fresh water outlet and a concentrated water outlet, and the fresh water outlet is connected to the return water tank 19 through a pipeline, and the concentrated water outlet is connected to the concentrated tank 20 through a pipeline. The ultrafiltration device 16 and the concentrated water tank 20 are respectively connected to the conditioning tank through a concentrated water return pipe;
所述气浮池11包括气浮池出水口和气浮池排污口,所述污泥浓缩池12 包括污泥浓缩池出水口和污泥浓缩池排污口;所述气浮池出水口和所述污泥浓缩池出水口分别通过废水管道与所述综合调节池3连通;所述气浮池排污口通过污泥管道与污泥浓缩池12连通,所述污泥浓缩池的排污口通过污泥管道与压滤机18连通;The air floating pool 11 includes a gas floating tank water outlet and a gas floating tank sewage outlet, the sludge concentration tank 12 includes a sludge concentration tank water outlet and a sludge concentration tank sewage outlet; the air floating pool water outlet and the sludge concentration tank The water outlet is respectively connected to the integrated regulating tank 3 through a waste water pipe; the sewage outlet of the air floating tank is connected to the sludge thickening tank 12 through a sludge pipeline, and the sewage outlet of the sludge thickening tank passes through the sludge pipeline and the filter press 18 connected;
所述调节池的池底、混凝池的池底、絮凝池的池底、综合调节池的池底和厌氧池的池底分别设有一搅拌机构21,所述氧化池的池底设有曝气器,所述曝气器与氧化池外壁的风机22通过管道连通;The bottom of the adjustment tank, the bottom of the concrete pool, the bottom of the flocculation tank, the bottom of the comprehensive adjustment tank and the bottom of the anaerobic tank are respectively provided with a stirring mechanism 21, and the bottom of the oxidation pool is provided An aerator, the aerator and the fan 22 on the outer wall of the oxidation tank are connected by a pipe;
所述混凝池具有氢氧化钠加药口和PAC加药口,所述氢氧化钠加药口外接氢氧化钠加药箱23,所述PAC加药口外接PAC加药箱24;所述絮凝池具有PAM加药口,所述PAM加药口外接PAM加药箱25;The coagulation tank has a sodium hydroxide dosing port and a PAC dosing port, the sodium hydroxide dosing port is externally connected with a sodium hydroxide dosing box 23, and the PAC dosing port is externally connected to the PAC dosing box 24; The flocculation tank has a PAM dosing port, and the PAM dosing port is externally connected to the PAM dosing box 25;
所述气浮池11的外壁设有用于给气浮池供气的溶气罐26;The outer wall of the air floating pool 11 is provided with a dissolved gas tank 26 for supplying air to the air floating pool;
还包括控制器27,所述压滤机、搅拌机构、风机、氢氧化钠加药箱的电磁阀、PAC加药箱的电磁阀、PAM加药箱的电磁阀和溶气罐分别与所述控制器电连接。Further comprising a controller 27, the filter press, a stirring mechanism, a fan, a solenoid valve of a sodium hydroxide dosing box, a solenoid valve of a PAC dosing box, a solenoid valve of a PAM dosing tank, and a dissolved gas tank, respectively The controller is electrically connected.
所述压滤机的出水口通过管道与综合调节池连通。The water outlet of the filter press is connected to the integrated regulating tank through a pipeline.
所述调节池内设有检测调节池酸碱度的pH仪28,所述pH仪28与所述控制器27电连接。A pH meter 28 for detecting the pH of the conditioning tank is provided in the conditioning tank, and the pH meter 28 is electrically connected to the controller 27.
所述气浮池的上方设有刮渣机构,所述刮渣机构包括刮渣板、固定刮渣板的传动链条和带动传动链条运行的驱动机构,所述驱动机构与控制器电连接。A slag scraping mechanism is disposed above the air floating pool, and the scraping mechanism includes a scraping plate, a driving chain for fixing the scraping plate, and a driving mechanism for driving the driving chain, and the driving mechanism is electrically connected to the controller.
所述溶气罐包括进气口和进水口,所述溶气罐的进水口通过管道与所述回用水箱连接,所述溶气罐的进气口外接高压气源。The dissolved gas tank includes an air inlet and a water inlet, and the water inlet of the dissolved gas tank is connected to the water return tank through a pipeline, and the air inlet of the dissolved gas tank is externally connected to a high pressure gas source.
所述超滤装置内设有PVDF超滤膜。A PVDF ultrafiltration membrane is disposed in the ultrafiltration device.
所述反渗透装置内设有反渗透组件,所述反渗透组件设有依次叠合的(按水流方向)聚丙烯膜、醋酸纤维素膜和芳香族聚酰胺膜,所述聚丙烯膜的表面微孔孔径为100-200nm,所述醋酸纤维素膜的表面微孔孔径为8-10nm,所述芳香族聚酰胺膜的表面微孔孔径为0.5-1.5nm。The reverse osmosis device is provided with a reverse osmosis unit, and the reverse osmosis unit is provided with a polypropylene film, a cellulose acetate film and an aromatic polyamide film which are sequentially laminated (in the water flow direction), and the surface of the polypropylene film The micropore diameter is from 100 to 200 nm, the surface micropore diameter of the cellulose acetate film is from 8 to 10 nm, and the surface micropore diameter of the aromatic polyamide film is from 0.5 to 1.5 nm.
所述沉砂池7内设有圆锥体沉砂槽29,所述沉砂槽29的外周面上分布有 若干异径滤孔,所述沉砂槽29的上部开口与废水管道连通,所述沉砂槽29的下部锥形口通过污泥管道与污泥浓缩池连通,所述沉砂池的底部且位于沉砂槽的任意一侧通过废水管道与混凝池连通。The grit chamber 7 is provided with a cone grit chamber 29, and a plurality of different diameter filter holes are arranged on the outer peripheral surface of the grit chamber 29, and an upper opening of the grit chamber 29 is connected with the waste water pipe. The lower tapered mouth of the grit chamber 29 is connected to the sludge concentration tank through a sludge pipe, and the bottom of the grit chamber is connected to the coagulation tank through the waste water pipe on either side of the grit chamber.
所述沉砂槽29为耐酸碱材质的沉砂槽。The grit chamber 29 is a grit chamber that is resistant to acid and alkali.
所述滤孔的孔径为0.01-0.1cm。The pore size of the filter hole is 0.01 to 0.1 cm.
本发明的工作原理如下:The working principle of the invention is as follows:
一方面,生活污水通过废水管道依次进入格栅井、隔油池,去除水体中的大分子颗粒物和油剂,再通入综合调节池中调节水体的pH值,然后依次通至厌氧池、氧化池和沉淀池,去除水体中的有机物和小分子悬浮物等,降解水体中的COD、SS和氮磷含量;另一方面,工业废水通过废水管道依次进入沉砂池、调节池、混凝池、絮凝池、气浮池和污泥浓缩池,去除水体中的大分子颗粒物、悬浮物、油类物质等;沉淀池中的生活污水和污泥浓缩池中的工业废水皆通至中间水池,然后依次通至砂滤器、碳滤、超滤装置、反渗透装置,进一步去除水体中的微生物、胶体和有机物等小分子杂质,有效净化水体,保证水体达标排放;On the one hand, the domestic sewage enters the grid well and the grease trap through the waste water pipeline, removes the macromolecular particles and the oil agent in the water body, and then passes through the comprehensive adjustment tank to adjust the pH value of the water body, and then passes to the anaerobic tank in turn, The oxidation tank and the sedimentation tank remove organic matter and small molecule suspended matter in the water body, and degrade the COD, SS and nitrogen and phosphorus contents in the water body; on the other hand, the industrial wastewater enters the grit chamber, the regulating pool and the coagulation through the waste water pipeline. The pool, flocculation tank, air flotation tank and sludge concentration tank remove macromolecular particles, suspended solids, oil substances, etc. in the water body; the domestic sewage in the sedimentation tank and the industrial wastewater in the sludge concentration tank are all connected to the intermediate pool. Then, it is sequentially passed to a sand filter, a carbon filter, an ultrafiltration device, and a reverse osmosis device to further remove small molecular impurities such as microorganisms, colloids and organic substances in the water body, thereby effectively purifying the water body and ensuring that the water body reaches the standard discharge;
其中,厌氧池、氧化池和沉淀池中产生的沉淀物会通过污泥管道通至污泥浓缩池,气浮池中产生的浮渣也会通至污泥浓缩池,并且气浮池、污泥浓缩池和压滤机中产生的废液会通过废水管道通至综合调节池,超滤装置和浓水箱内的浓水也会通至调节池,保证设备处理过程中废液和废渣的零排放。Among them, the sediment generated in the anaerobic tank, the oxidation tank and the sedimentation tank will pass through the sludge pipeline to the sludge concentration tank, and the scum generated in the air floating tank will also pass to the sludge concentration tank, and the air floatation tank and the sludge The waste liquid generated in the concentration tank and the filter press will pass through the waste water pipe to the comprehensive regulating tank, and the concentrated water in the ultrafiltration device and the concentrated water tank will also pass to the regulating tank to ensure zero discharge of waste liquid and waste residue in the process of equipment processing. .
以上所述仅为本发明的实施例,并非因此限制本发明的专利范围,凡是利用本发明说明书及附图内容所作的等效结构变换,或直接或间接运用在其他相关的技术领域,均同理包括在本发明的专利保护范围内。The above is only the embodiment of the present invention, and thus does not limit the scope of the patent of the present invention. Any equivalent structural transformation made by using the specification and the drawings of the present invention, or directly or indirectly applied to other related technical fields, is the same. The scope of the invention is included in the scope of the patent protection of the present invention.

Claims (10)

  1. 一种高效节能综合水处理设备,其特征在于:包括生活污水预处理模块、工业废水预处理模块和混合处理模块;An energy-efficient integrated water treatment device, comprising: a domestic sewage pretreatment module, an industrial wastewater pretreatment module and a mixing processing module;
    所述生活污水处理模块包括通过废水管道依次连通的格栅井、隔油池、综合调节池、厌氧池、氧化池和沉淀池;所述工业废水预处理模块包括通过废水管道依次连通的沉砂池、调节池、混凝池、絮凝池、气浮池和污泥浓缩池;所述混合处理模块包括通过废水管道依次连通的中间水池、砂滤罐、碳滤罐、超滤装置和反渗透装置;所述沉淀池与所述中间水池连通;所述厌氧池、氧化池和沉淀池分别通过污泥管道与所述污泥浓缩池连通;所述反渗透装置包括淡水出水口和浓水出水口,所述淡水出水口通过管道与回用水箱连通,所述浓水出水口通过管道与浓水箱连通;所述超滤装置和所述浓水箱分别通过浓水回流管道与所述调节池连通;The domestic sewage treatment module includes a grid well, a grease trap, an integrated regulating tank, an anaerobic tank, an oxidation tank and a sedimentation tank which are sequentially connected through a waste water pipeline; the industrial wastewater pretreatment module includes a sink connected through the waste water pipeline in sequence Sand pool, regulating tank, coagulation tank, flocculation tank, air flotation tank and sludge concentration tank; the mixing treatment module comprises an intermediate pool, a sand filter tank, a carbon filter tank, an ultrafiltration device and a reverse osmosis which are sequentially connected through the waste water pipeline The sedimentation tank is in communication with the intermediate pool; the anaerobic tank, the oxidation tank and the sedimentation tank are respectively connected to the sludge concentration tank through a sludge pipeline; the reverse osmosis device comprises a fresh water outlet and concentrated water a water outlet, the fresh water outlet is connected to the return water tank through a pipeline, and the concentrated water outlet is connected to the concentrated water tank through a pipeline; the ultrafiltration device and the concentrated water tank respectively pass through the concentrated water return pipeline and the adjustment tank Connected
    所述气浮池包括气浮池出水口和气浮池排污口,所述污泥浓缩池包括污泥浓缩池出水口和污泥浓缩池排污口;所述气浮池出水口和所述污泥浓缩池出水口分别通过废水管道与所述综合调节池连通;所述气浮池排污口通过污泥管道与污泥浓缩池连通,所述污泥浓缩池的排污口通过污泥管道与压滤机连通;The air floating pool includes a gas floating tank water outlet and a gas floating tank sewage outlet, the sludge concentration tank includes a sludge concentration tank water outlet and a sludge concentration tank sewage outlet; the air floating pool water outlet and the sludge concentration tank water outlet The sewage outlet is connected to the integrated regulating tank through a waste water pipeline; the sewage outlet of the air floating tank is connected to the sludge thickening tank through a sludge pipeline, and the sewage outlet of the sludge thickening tank is connected to the filter press through the sludge pipeline;
    所述调节池的池底、混凝池的池底、絮凝池的池底、综合调节池的池底和厌氧池的池底分别设有一搅拌机构,所述氧化池的池底设有曝气器,所述曝气器与氧化池外壁的风机通过管道连通;The bottom of the adjustment tank, the bottom of the concrete pool, the bottom of the flocculation tank, the bottom of the comprehensive adjustment tank and the bottom of the anaerobic tank are respectively provided with a stirring mechanism, and the bottom of the oxidation pool is exposed a gas turbine, wherein the aerator is connected to a fan of an outer wall of the oxidation tank through a pipe;
    所述混凝池具有氢氧化钠加药口和PAC加药口,所述氢氧化钠加药口外接氢氧化钠加药箱,所述PAC加药口外接PAC加药箱;所述絮凝池具有PAM加药口,所述PAM加药口外接PAM加药箱;The coagulation tank has a sodium hydroxide dosing port and a PAC dosing port, the sodium hydroxide dosing port is externally connected with a sodium hydroxide dosing box, and the PAC dosing port is externally connected with a PAC dosing box; the flocculation tank The utility model has a PAM dosing port, and the PAM dosing port is externally connected with a PAM dosing box;
    所述气浮池的外壁设有用于给气浮池供气的溶气罐;The outer wall of the air floating pool is provided with a dissolved gas tank for supplying air to the air floating pool;
    还包括控制器,所述压滤机、搅拌机构、风机、氢氧化钠加药箱的电磁阀、PAC加药箱的电磁阀、PAM加药箱的电磁阀和溶气罐分别与所述控制器电连接。Also included is a controller, the filter press, a stirring mechanism, a fan, a solenoid valve of a sodium hydroxide dosing box, a solenoid valve of a PAC dosing box, a solenoid valve of a PAM dosing tank, and a dissolved gas tank, respectively, and the control Electrical connection.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的高效节能综合水处理设备,其特征在于:所述压滤机的出水口通过管道与综合调节池连通。The energy-efficient integrated water treatment device according to claim 1, wherein the water outlet of the filter press is connected to the integrated regulating tank through a pipe.
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的高效节能综合水处理设备,其特征在于:所述调节池内设有检测调节池酸碱度的pH仪,所述pH仪与所述控制器电连接。The energy-efficient integrated water treatment device according to claim 1, wherein the adjustment tank is provided with a pH meter for detecting the pH of the adjustment tank, and the pH meter is electrically connected to the controller.
  4. 根据权利要求1所述的高效节能综合水处理设备,其特征在于:所述气浮池的上方设有刮渣机构,所述刮渣机构包括刮渣板、固定刮渣板的传动链条和带动传动链条运行的驱动机构,所述驱动机构与控制器电连接。The energy-efficient integrated water treatment device according to claim 1, wherein a scraping mechanism is disposed above the air floating pool, and the scraping mechanism comprises a scraping plate, a transmission chain for fixing the scraping plate, and a driving transmission. A drive mechanism for chain operation, the drive mechanism being electrically coupled to the controller.
  5. 根据权利要求1所述的高效节能综合水处理设备,其特征在于:所述溶气罐包括进气口和进水口,所述溶气罐的进水口通过管道与所述回用水箱连接,所述溶气罐的进气口外接高压气源。The energy-efficient integrated water treatment device according to claim 1, wherein the dissolved gas tank comprises an air inlet and a water inlet, and the water inlet of the dissolved gas tank is connected to the water tank through a pipe. The inlet of the dissolved gas tank is externally connected to a high-pressure gas source.
  6. 根据权利要求1所述的高效节能综合水处理设备,其特征在于:所述超滤装置内设有PVDF超滤膜。The energy-efficient integrated water treatment device according to claim 1, wherein the ultrafiltration device is provided with a PVDF ultrafiltration membrane.
  7. 根据权利要求1所述的高效节能综合水处理设备,其特征在于:所述反渗透装置内设有反渗透组件,所述反渗透组件设有依次叠合的(按水流方向)聚丙烯膜、醋酸纤维素膜和芳香族聚酰胺膜,所述聚丙烯膜的表面微孔孔径为100-200nm,所述醋酸纤维素膜的表面微孔孔径为8-10nm,所述芳香族聚酰胺膜的表面微孔孔径为0.5-1.5nm。The energy-efficient integrated water treatment device according to claim 1, wherein the reverse osmosis unit is provided with a reverse osmosis unit, and the reverse osmosis unit is provided with a polypropylene film which is sequentially stacked (in the direction of water flow). a cellulose acetate film having a surface micropore diameter of 100 to 200 nm and a surface micropore diameter of the cellulose acetate film of 8 to 10 nm, the aromatic polyamide film The surface micropore diameter is from 0.5 to 1.5 nm.
  8. 根据权利要求1所述的高效节能综合水处理设备,其特征在于:所述沉砂池内设有圆锥体沉砂槽,所述沉砂槽的外周面上分布有若干异径滤孔,所述沉砂槽的上部开口与废水管道连通,所述沉砂槽的下部锥形口通过污泥管道与污泥浓缩池连通,所述沉砂池的底部且位于沉砂槽的任意一侧通过废水管道与混凝池连通。The energy-efficient integrated water treatment device according to claim 1, wherein the grit chamber is provided with a cone grit chamber, and a plurality of different diameter filter holes are distributed on the outer peripheral surface of the grit chamber. The upper opening of the grit chamber is connected with the waste water pipe, and the lower conical port of the grit chamber is connected to the sludge concentration tank through the sludge pipe, and the bottom of the grit chamber is located on either side of the grit chamber and passes the waste water. The pipe is connected to the concrete pool.
  9. 根据权利要求8所述的高效节能综合水处理设备,其特征在于:所述沉砂槽为耐酸碱材质的沉砂槽。The energy-efficient integrated water treatment device according to claim 8, wherein the grit chamber is an acid-resistant and alkali-resistant grit chamber.
  10. 根据权利要求8所述的高效节能综合水处理设备,其特征在于:所述滤孔的孔径为0.01-0.1cm。The energy-efficient integrated water treatment apparatus according to claim 8, wherein the pore size of the filter hole is 0.01 to 0.1 cm.
PCT/CN2018/082791 2018-04-12 2018-04-12 High-efficiency energy-saving integrated water treatment device WO2019196053A1 (en)

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