一种柔性收边机构Flexible edge closing mechanism
本发明涉及一种织机设备，具体说是一种柔性收边机构。The invention relates to a loom apparatus, in particular to a flexible edge-receiving mechanism.
传统织机的收边采用的绞边器装置于较前端的综框上，随综框上下完成绞边收边，由于特殊的双层织物组织既需要绞边器安装于综框前端位置，又需要绞边器运动顺序随后端综框一致运动，然而后端综框开口幅度大且绞边器难安装易坏，与绞边器只需开口较小即可完成收边冲突，严重影响绞边器的使用寿命和织机织造效率，另现有电子绞边一般是平绞绞边，不能满足多层织物每层织造绞边要求。The edging device of the conventional looms is arranged on the heald frame of the front end, and the hemming edge is finished with the heald frame of the heald frame. Since the special double-layer fabric structure requires the edging device to be installed at the front end of the heald frame, The movement of the hemming device is required to follow the uniform movement of the end heald frame. However, the opening width of the rear heald frame is large and the hemming device is difficult to install, and the edger can be closed with a small opening, which seriously affects the hemming. The service life of the machine and the weaving efficiency of the weaving machine, and the existing electronic hinges are generally flat twisted edges, which cannot meet the requirements of the weaving of each layer of the multilayer fabric.
发明内容Summary of the invention
本发明提供了一种结构简单，收边作业稳定，使用寿命长，品种适应光，能满足多层织物收边要求，便于修护的柔性收边机构。The invention provides a flexible edge-receiving mechanism with simple structure, stable edge-closing operation, long service life, variety adapting to light, meeting the requirements of multi-layer fabric finishing and being easy to repair.
本发明采用的技术方案是：一种柔性收边机构，包括绞边器，其特征在于：包括两只以上拉臂、拉绳、拉绳复位弹簧、导向轮、收边支架、收边导向支承轮、吊绳换向轮、收边吊绳、收边复位弹簧，导向轮分别经导向轮支架连接于织机机架上，两只以上拉臂分别连接于织机一侧多臂箱的两只以上摆臂上，每只拉臂上均拉接有拉绳，拉绳绕经导向轮后经拉绳复位弹簧拉接于织机另一侧机架或侧板上，多个收边支架分别对应织造收边位置连接于机架上，收边支架对应设有支承导向拉绳的收边导向支承轮和吊绳换向轮，多个吊绳换向轮上均绕接多个收边吊绳，收边吊绳一端拉接在拉绳上，另一端垂直拉接绞边器上端，绞边器下端经收边复位弹簧连接织机底座。The technical solution adopted by the invention is: a flexible edge-receiving mechanism, comprising a hemming device, comprising: more than two pulling arms, a pulling rope, a pulling rope return spring, a guiding wheel, a staking bracket, a slanting guiding support The wheel, the sling reversing wheel, the sling sling, the closing return spring, the guiding wheel are respectively connected to the loom frame via the guiding wheel bracket, and the two or more pulling arms are respectively connected to the two sides of the gantry side multi-arm box Only on the upper arm, each pull arm is pulled with a drawstring, and the drawstring is wound around the guide wheel and pulled on the other side frame or side plate of the loom by the pull rope return spring, and the plurality of edge brackets Corresponding to the weaving edge position is connected to the frame, the edge bracket is correspondingly provided with the edge guiding support wheel and the sling reversing wheel for supporting the guiding rope, and the plurality of sling reversing wheels are connected with a plurality of edges. The sling, the end of the sling is pulled on the drawstring at one end, and the other end is vertically connected to the upper end of the ripper. The lower end of the reamer is connected to the base of the loom by a returning spring.
进一步地，包括拉绳换向机构，拉绳分为前段拉绳和后段拉绳，拉绳换向机构包括换向支架、多个换向轴，换向支架对应拉臂上方位置设置于织机机架一侧侧板上，换向支架上旋转穿接多个换向轴，每个换向轴上均固定连接两个平行的换向摆臂，任一前段拉绳绕经一导向轮后对应拉换向轴上一换向摆臂，上述任一换向轴上另一换向摆臂对应拉接后段拉绳一端，后段拉绳另一端绕经另一导向轮后经拉绳复位弹簧拉接于织机机架或侧板上。Further, the utility model comprises a rope reversing mechanism, wherein the rope is divided into a front rope and a rear rope, the rope reversing mechanism comprises a reversing bracket and a plurality of reversing shafts, and the reversing bracket is disposed on the upper position of the corresponding arm. On one side of the machine frame, the reversing bracket rotates and traverses a plurality of reversing shafts, and each of the reversing shafts is fixedly connected with two parallel reversing swing arms, and any of the front ropes is wound around a guiding wheel Afterwards, a reversing swing arm is arranged on the reversing shaft, and the other reversing swing arm on any one of the reversing shafts is correspondingly connected to one end of the rear drawstring, and the other end of the rear drawstring is pulled through the other guide wheel. The rope return spring is pulled over the loom frame or side panel.
进一步地，所述导向轮、收边导向支承轮、吊绳换向轮上均设有对应拉绳或收边吊绳的导向槽。Further, the guiding wheel, the leading edge guiding support wheel and the sling reversing wheel are all provided with guiding grooves corresponding to the pulling rope or the slinging rope.
进一步地，还包括收边束口支架，收边束口支架对应设置于收边支架下方连接于织机机架上，收边束口支架上设有多个收边束口，收边吊绳穿接与收边束口内。Further, the utility model further comprises a bundled beam support, and the bundled beam support is arranged under the edge bracket to be connected to the loom frame, and the bundled beam mouth is provided with a plurality of edge bundles, and the edge of the rope is closed. Wear and close the inside of the beam.
作业时，随多臂箱多个摆臂带动综框同时经其上的拉臂拉动前段拉绳，前段拉绳导向绕经一导向轮后拉动一换向轴上一换向摆臂，换向轴旋转同时经另一换向摆臂拉动后段拉绳，后段拉绳导向支承在收边导向支撑轮上并经另一导向轮绕经后在拉绳复位弹簧作用下实现往复拉动，在后段拉绳往复拉动同时带动连接于其上的收边吊绳往复，收边吊绳导向绕经吊绳换向轮后在收边束口支架的收边束口约束下带动绞边器在其下方收边复位弹簧作用下实现上下往复拉动，多个绞边器在多个后段拉绳带动多个收边吊绳作用下完成收边，本机构可安装于综框接近筘座侧，开口需求可通过拉臂、拉绳组合调节，各拉绳配置复位弹簧满足弹性回复，有利于降低绞边器的硬性作业损伤，延长使用寿命，且独立于织机各关键部件外，便于维护。During operation, a plurality of swing arms of the multi-arm box drive the heald frame to pull the front section drawstring through the upper arm, and the front section drawstring guides around a guide wheel and pulls a reversing swing arm on the reversing shaft. While the shaft rotates, the rear section draws the rope through the other reversing swing arm, and the rear section drawstring guide is supported on the hem guide support wheel and is reciprocated by the pull rope return spring after being wound by the other guide wheel. The rear-end drawstring reciprocates and pulls the reciprocating sling connected to the reciprocating rope at the same time, and the sling rope guides around the sling reversing wheel and then drives the reeder under the restraint of the sling beam bundle bracket. Under the action of the lowering return spring, the upper and lower reciprocating pulls are realized, and the plurality of edging devices complete the edging under the action of a plurality of rear slings, and the mechanism can be installed on the side of the heald frame near the sley. The opening requirement can be adjusted by the combination of the pull arm and the pull rope. The tension springs of the pull ropes can meet the elastic recovery, which is beneficial to reduce the hard work damage of the edger and prolong the service life, and is independent of the key components of the weaving machine and is easy to maintain.
图1为本发明结构示意图；Figure 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
图2为图1中A向视图。Figure 2 is a view taken along line A in Figure 1.
图中：左机架1、右机架2、多臂箱3、第一横梁4、第二横梁5、左导向轮6、右导向轮7、拉臂8、前段拉绳9、后段拉绳10、换向支架11、换向轴12、前段换向摆臂13、后段换向摆臂14、收边支架15、收边导向支承轮16、吊绳换向轮17、收边吊绳18、收边复位弹簧 19、收边束口支架20、拉绳复位弹簧21，绞边器22。In the figure: left frame 1, right frame 2, multi-arm box 3, first beam 4, second beam 5, left guide wheel 6, right guide wheel 7, pull arm 8, front cable pull 9, rear pull Rope 10, reversing bracket 11, reversing shaft 12, front reversing swing arm 13, rear reversing swing arm 14, hemming bracket 15, hemming guide support wheel 16, sling reversing wheel 17, sling The rope 18, the edge return spring 19, the edge bundle holder 20, the rope return spring 21, and the edger 22.
以下结合附图和实施例作进一步说明。The following is further described in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments.
图1、2所示：一种柔性收边机构包括左导向轮6、右导向轮7、拉臂8、前段拉绳9、后段拉绳10、换向支架11、换向轴12、前段换向摆臂13、后段换向摆臂14、收边支架15、收边导向支承轮16、吊绳换向轮17、收边吊绳18、收边复位弹簧19、收边束口支架20、拉绳复位弹簧21，绞边器22。左导向轮6、右导向轮7分别经导向轮支架连接于织机左、右机架1、2上，两只以上拉臂8分别连接于织机右侧多臂箱的两只以上摆臂上，每只拉臂8上均拉接有前端拉绳9，前端拉绳9绕经右导向轮7后经拉接拉绳换向机构，拉绳换向机构包括换向支架11、多个换向轴12、前段换向摆臂13、后段换向摆臂14，换向支架11连接于右机架上，多个换向轴12穿接在换向支架11上，每个换向轴上均设有平行的前段换向摆臂13和后段换向摆臂14，每根前段拉绳对应每根换向轴并拉接其上的前段换向摆臂13，同一换向轴上的后段换向摆臂14拉接后段拉绳10，后段拉绳10绕经左导向轮6后经拉绳复位弹簧21拉接在左机架1上，左、右机架间设有第一、二横梁4、5，第一横梁4上连接有对应织物幅宽收边位置设有一个以上的收边支架15，收边支架15上穿接收边导向支承轮16和吊绳换向轮17，收边导向支承轮导向支承后段拉绳并高于左右导向轮，每个收边支架对应的多个后段拉绳上均对应拉接有一收边吊绳，收边吊绳导向绕经吊绳换向轮17后垂直穿过连接在第二横梁5上的收边束口支架20上的束口，穿过束口后连接绞边器22上端，绞边器22下端经收边复位弹簧19连接在织机机座上。1, 2: a flexible edge-receiving mechanism includes a left guide wheel 6, a right guide wheel 7, a pull arm 8, a front cable pull 9, a rear cable pull 10, a reversing bracket 11, a reversing shaft 12, a front section Reversing swing arm 13, rear reversing swing arm 14, hemming bracket 15, hemming guide support wheel 16, sling reversing wheel 17, sling sling 18, sling return spring 19, sash sling bracket 20. A rope return spring 21 and a strander 22. The left guide wheel 6 and the right guide wheel 7 are respectively connected to the left and right frames 1 and 2 of the loom via the guide wheel bracket, and the two or more pull arms 8 are respectively connected to the two or more swing arms of the right multi-arm box of the loom. The front end pull cord 9 is pulled on each pull arm 8 , and the front end pull rope 9 is passed through the right guide wheel 7 and then pulled through the pull cord reversing mechanism. The pull cord reversing mechanism includes a reversing bracket 11 and a plurality of The reversing shaft 12, the front reversing swing arm 13, and the rear reversing swing arm 14, the reversing bracket 11 is connected to the right frame, and the plurality of reversing shafts 12 are connected to the reversing bracket 11, each commutating Each of the shafts is provided with a parallel front reversing swing arm 13 and a rear reversing swing arm 14, each front drawstring corresponding to each reversing shaft and pulling the front reversing swing arm 13 thereon, the same reversing shaft The upper rear reversing swing arm 14 pulls the rear section drawstring 10, and the rear section drawstring 10 is wound around the left guide wheel 6 and pulled on the left frame 1 via the pull cord return spring 21, between the left and right racks. The first beam and the second beam 4, 5 are provided, and the first beam 4 is connected with a corresponding fabric width and a folding position, and more than one edge bracket 15 is provided. The edge bracket 15 is mounted on the receiving side to guide the support wheel 16 and the sling Reversing wheel 17, The side guiding support wheel guide supports the rear section drawstring and is higher than the left and right guide wheels, and each of the plurality of rear section drawstrings corresponding to each of the edge brackets is correspondingly connected with a sling sling, and the sling rope guides around the sling After the reversing wheel 17 passes vertically through the beam opening on the edge beam bracket 20 connected to the second beam 5, the beam is connected to the upper end of the edger 22, and the lower end of the edger 22 is returned to the return spring 19 Connected to the loom frame.
在本实施例中绞边器22下端还设置有一收边束口支架，通过其上收边束口约束收边吊绳。In the embodiment, the lower end of the edging device 22 is further provided with a rim bundle holder, and the sling is restrained by the upper edge of the bundle.