WO2019165784A1 - 一种基于Zigbee技术的低能耗自切断式智能开关系统 - Google Patents

一种基于Zigbee技术的低能耗自切断式智能开关系统 Download PDF

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WO2019165784A1
WO2019165784A1 PCT/CN2018/109941 CN2018109941W WO2019165784A1 WO 2019165784 A1 WO2019165784 A1 WO 2019165784A1 CN 2018109941 W CN2018109941 W CN 2018109941W WO 2019165784 A1 WO2019165784 A1 WO 2019165784A1
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Prior art keywords
zigbee
circuit
low
intelligent switch
system based
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PCT/CN2018/109941
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English (en)
French (fr)
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钱清松
吕延文
李启发
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衢州正邦电器配件有限公司
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Publication of WO2019165784A1 publication Critical patent/WO2019165784A1/zh

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L67/00Network arrangements or protocols for supporting network services or applications
    • H04L67/01Protocols
    • H04L67/12Protocols specially adapted for proprietary or special-purpose networking environments, e.g. medical networks, sensor networks, networks in vehicles or remote metering networks
    • H04L67/125Protocols specially adapted for proprietary or special-purpose networking environments, e.g. medical networks, sensor networks, networks in vehicles or remote metering networks involving control of end-device applications over a network
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R13/00Details of coupling devices of the kinds covered by groups H01R12/70 or H01R24/00 - H01R33/00
    • H01R13/66Structural association with built-in electrical component
    • H01R13/70Structural association with built-in electrical component with built-in switch
    • H01R13/713Structural association with built-in electrical component with built-in switch the switch being a safety switch
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L67/00Network arrangements or protocols for supporting network services or applications
    • H04L67/01Protocols
    • H04L67/12Protocols specially adapted for proprietary or special-purpose networking environments, e.g. medical networks, sensor networks, networks in vehicles or remote metering networks
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R13/00Details of coupling devices of the kinds covered by groups H01R12/70 or H01R24/00 - H01R33/00
    • H01R13/66Structural association with built-in electrical component
    • H01R13/665Structural association with built-in electrical component with built-in electronic circuit
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R13/00Details of coupling devices of the kinds covered by groups H01R12/70 or H01R24/00 - H01R33/00
    • H01R13/66Structural association with built-in electrical component
    • H01R13/665Structural association with built-in electrical component with built-in electronic circuit
    • H01R13/6683Structural association with built-in electrical component with built-in electronic circuit with built-in sensor
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R13/00Details of coupling devices of the kinds covered by groups H01R12/70 or H01R24/00 - H01R33/00
    • H01R13/66Structural association with built-in electrical component
    • H01R13/665Structural association with built-in electrical component with built-in electronic circuit
    • H01R13/6691Structural association with built-in electrical component with built-in electronic circuit with built-in signalling means

Definitions

  • the invention belongs to the technical field of energy-saving and consumption-consuming circuit control, and mainly relates to a low-energy self-cutting intelligent switch system based on Zigbee technology.
  • the traditional power management mainly adopts mechanical operation such as manually removing the switch end harness or removing the power connector.
  • the degree of intelligence is low, the operation is difficult, and it is easy to forget. Therefore, many researchers have developed a series of automatic power-off systems or Equipment has also been applied in production and life.
  • Patent CN 103144542A discloses an automatic power-off control system, comprising a power input interface and a power output interface, characterized in that: a MOS switch is connected in series between the power input interface and the power output interface, and the switch control end of the MOS switch is The output pin of the microcontroller is connected, and an input pin of the microcontroller is connected to the command input interface of the diagnostic device.
  • the microcontroller controls the switch state of the MOS switch according to the system state command input by the input device of the diagnostic device command, thereby realizing the power supply.
  • On-off control between the input interface and the power output interface Its remarkable effect is: it can be used for intelligent management of automobile power supply.
  • Patent CN103427207A discloses an automatic power-off socket capable of pulling out a plug with one hand and a connection method thereof, which comprises a casing, a cover plate, a power indicator light, a power switch, a first socket, a first top pillar, a first spring The pedestal, the first large current micro switch, the first return spring, etc.; the invention is suitable for expanding or extending the power interface generally fixed on the wall or the ground, and only needs one hand to complete the plug unplugging action.
  • the plug When the plug is pulled out, the user picks up the plug with the first joint of the thumb and forefinger (or middle finger, ring finger) as a fulcrum; during the process of the plug being lifted, the high current micro switch automatically cuts off the circuit connection of the jack. , to ensure the safety of the entire process of pulling out the plug. At the same time, after the plug is pulled out, the socket is kept in a power-off state, thereby avoiding the accident of accidental contact of the child and causing an electric shock accident.
  • the invention has the advantages of simple structure, simple use, high safety, good reliability, wide use range and the like. However, the patent also fails to achieve zero power loss during standby, unable to detect the power-off and turn-on state in real time, and only provides the automatic power-off socket structure of the plug and its connection method, and does not involve a specific system and implementation circuit.
  • Patent CN103560049A discloses a timed automatic power-off energy-saving device, belonging to the technical field of power supply control, comprising a casing and an electrical component installed in the casing; in the main circuit control circuit, the positive pole of the power input terminal is connected in series with the air switch and the main contactor After the head and shunt contactor contacts are connected to the load; the power input terminal is positively connected with the time control switch and the main contactor coil, and is connected to the negative terminal of the power input terminal; in the shunt control circuit, the positive input terminal of the power supply After connecting the button switch and the shunt contactor coil, it is connected to the negative terminal of the power supply output; the invention automatically disconnects the power supply of the power device according to the set time in the unattended condition, avoiding waste of resources and reducing the unattended environment.
  • the potential danger of using electrical appliances is conducive to saving electricity and safe electricity.
  • this patent also cannot achieve zero power loss, and it is impossible to detect the state of power-off and turn-on in real
  • the existing automatic power-off switch or device is complicated in structure and intelligent, or has a complicated structure and high cost, or only reduces the standby power consumption without fully achieving zero power consumption.
  • Products or systems that use Zigbee technology to control and monitor intelligent disconnectors have not been discovered.
  • the present invention provides a low energy self-cutting intelligent switch system based on Zigbee technology.
  • the utility model mainly solves the problems that the energy consumption in the standby state of the existing electrical appliances and mechanical equipment is wasted, and the high-energy standby is easy to cause an accident.
  • the design adopted by the present invention is: a low energy self-cutting intelligent switch system based on Zigbee technology, comprising an input plug 1, an output socket 14 and a control system 15, the input plug 1 being input
  • the grounding jack, the input livewire jack and the input neutral jack, the output jack 14 is composed of an output ground jack, an output live jack and an output neutral jack, and the input ground in the input plug 1
  • the line jack is connected to the output ground jack of the output socket 14 through a wire
  • the control system 15 includes a DC stabilized power supply 2, a relay 3, a relay drive 4, a CPU circuit 5, a signal amplifier 6, and a current signal sampling circuit. 7.
  • the CPU circuit 5 includes a clock circuit 8, a power mode management 9, an ADC conversion circuit 10, and a Zigbee system 11, the power connection switch 17 being connected to the Zigbee system 11 and DC stabilized
  • the Zigbee system 11 is connected to a CPU circuit 5
  • the CPU circuit 5 is connected to a Zigbee coordinator 18, and the Zigbee coordinator 18 is connected to a computer Zigbee module 19, said and calculating Zigbee module 19 is connected with the phone APP client 20, connected to the Zigbee connector terminal end 16 with the CPU circuit 5 is connected to the other end of the sensor 21 signal.
  • the invention provides a low-energy self-cutting intelligent switch system based on Zigbee technology.
  • the DC stabilized power supply 2 is connected between the live line and the neutral line for the relay 3, the power mode management 9, the CPU circuit 5 and
  • the Zigbee system 11 provides a stable power supply.
  • the present invention proposes a low energy self-cutting intelligent switching system based on Zigbee technology.
  • the current signal sampling circuit 7 detects current signals of the input plug 1 and the output socket 14.
  • the invention provides a low energy consumption self-cutting intelligent switching system based on Zigbee technology.
  • the signal amplifier 6 performs signal amplification on the current signals of the input plug 1 and the output socket 14.
  • the invention provides a low-energy self-cutting intelligent switching system based on Zigbee technology.
  • the ADC conversion circuit 10 converts the amplified current signal of the signal amplifier 6 into a time-continuous digital signal.
  • the invention provides a low energy self-cutting intelligent switching system based on Zigbee technology.
  • the signal sensor 21 in the Zigbee system 11 monitors the state of the CPU circuit 5 and transmits the signal to the mobile APP client 20.
  • the invention provides a low-energy self-cutting intelligent switch system based on Zigbee technology.
  • the CPU circuit 5 controls the relay drive 4 to perform the on or off of the relay 3 to realize a self-cutting low energy consumption process.
  • the invention provides a low energy self-cutting intelligent switch system based on Zigbee technology.
  • the manual start key 13 manually controls the CPU circuit 5, and the Zigbee system 11 wirelessly monitors and controls the CPU line 5.
  • the invention provides a low-energy self-cutting intelligent switch system based on Zigbee technology.
  • the relay drive 4 controls the relay 3 to be closed and disconnected to realize power-on and power-off of the line.
  • the invention provides a low energy consumption self-cutting intelligent switch system based on Zigbee technology.
  • the low energy self-cutting intelligent switch system line consumes zero power when the relay 3 is disconnected.
  • the Zigbee technology wireless real-time monitoring intelligent switch system is cut off and connected, which can remotely control the intelligent response of the intelligent switch system.
  • the relay is used to control the closing or opening of the relay.
  • the energy consumption of the intelligent switching system is truly realized, which reduces the waste of power resources and avoids the fire caused by the long-term standby electrical equipment heating.
  • the structure of the patent is simple in design, the cutting and closing effect is remarkable, the production cost of the assembled circuit is low, and the industrialization is facilitated, and the implementation of the patent does not require strict control on temperature and humidity, and therefore, the input cost of industrialization is low.
  • 1 is a schematic structural view of a low-energy self-cutting intelligent switch system based on Zigbee technology according to the present invention, wherein 1-input plug, 2-DC stabilized power supply, 3-relay, 4-relay drive, 5-CPU circuit, 6- Signal Amplifier, 7-Current Signal Sampling Circuit, 8-Clock Circuit, 9-Power Mode Management, 10-ADC Conversion Circuit, 11-Zigbee System, 12-Status Indicator, 13-Manual Start Button, 14-Output Socket, 15 -Control System.
  • FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a Zigbee system of the present invention, a 16-Zigbee connection terminal, a 17-power connection switch, an 18-Zigbee coordinator, a 19-computer Zigbee module, a 20-mobile APP client, and a 21-signal sensor.
  • FIG. 3 is a circuit diagram of a low energy self-cutting intelligent switch system based on Zigbee technology according to the present invention.
  • FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram showing the structure of a low-energy self-cutting intelligent switch system based on Zigbee technology
  • FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a Zigbee system according to the present invention
  • FIG. 3 is a circuit diagram of a low-energy self-cutting intelligent switch system based on Zigbee technology.
  • a low-energy self-cutting intelligent switch system based on Zigbee technology comprising an input plug 1, an output socket 14 and a control system 15, the input plug 1 being composed of an input ground line jack, an input fire line jack and an input neutral line jack,
  • the output socket 14 is composed of an output grounding jack, an output firewire jack, and an output neutral jack.
  • the input grounding jack of the input plug 1 is connected to the output grounding jack of the output socket 14 through a wire.
  • the control system 15 includes a DC stabilized power supply 2, a relay 3, a relay drive 4, a CPU circuit 5, a signal amplifier 6, a current signal sampling circuit 7, a manual start key 13, and a status indicator 12, and the CPU circuit 5
  • the clock circuit 8, the power mode management 9, the ADC conversion circuit 10, and the Zigbee system 11 are connected.
  • the power connection switch 17 is connected between the Zigbee system 11 and the DC stabilized power supply 2, and the Zi
  • the gbee system 11 is connected to a CPU circuit 5, the CPU circuit 5 is connected to a Zigbee coordinator 18, and the Zigbee coordinator 18 is connected to a computer Zigbee module 19, which is connected to the mobile phone APP client 20 by the computer Zigbee module 19, One end of the Zigbee connection terminal 16 is connected to the CPU circuit 5 and the other end is connected to the signal sensor 21.
  • the DC stabilized power supply 2 is connected between the live line and the neutral line to provide a stable power supply for the relay 3, the power mode management 9, the CPU circuit 5, and the Zigbee system 11.
  • the current signal sampling circuit 7 detects current signals of the input plug 1 and the output socket 14.
  • the signal amplifier 6 amplifies the current signals of the input plug 1 and the output jack 14.
  • the ADC conversion circuit 10 converts the amplified current signal of the signal amplifier 6 into a temporally continuous digital signal.
  • the signal sensor 21 in the Zigbee system 11 monitors the state of the CPU circuit 5 and transmits the signal to the mobile APP client 20.
  • the CPU circuit 5 controls the relay drive 4 to perform the turning on or closing of the relay 3 to realize a self-cutting low energy consumption process.
  • the manual start button 13 manually controls the CPU circuit 5, and the Zigbee system 11 wirelessly monitors and controls the CPU line 5.
  • the relay drive 4 controls the relay 3 to be closed and opened to effect energization and de-energization of the line.
  • the low-power self-cutting intelligent switch system line consumes zero power when the relay 3 is turned off.
  • the wire is connected to the input ground wire jack, the input fire wire jack and the input neutral wire jack in the input plug, and the DC stabilized power supply is connected, and the DC stabilized power supply is connected to the relay, the relay drive, and the CPU.
  • the Zigbee Coordinator is connected to the computer Zigbee module, and the computer Zigbee module is connected to the mobile APP client via wireless.
  • the invention patent adopts Zigbee technology wireless real-time monitoring intelligent switch system to cut off and turn on, can remotely control the intelligent response of the intelligent switch system, adopts relay drive to control the closing or opening of the relay, and realizes the intelligent switch system in the standby state of the circuit.
  • the zero energy consumption reduces the waste of power resources, and also avoids the fire caused by the long-term standby electrical equipment heating.
  • the patent structure is simple in design, the cutting and closing effect is remarkable, the assembly circuit production cost is low, and the industrialization is facilitated, and the patent The implementation of temperature and humidity does not require strict control, so the industrialization input cost is low.

Abstract

一种基于Zigbee技术的低能耗自切断式智能开关系统,属于节能减耗电路控制技术领域,包括输入插头(1)、输出插座(14)和控制系统(15),输入插头(1)由输入地线插孔、输入火线插孔和输入零线插孔组成,输出插座(14)由输出地线插孔、输出火线插孔和输出零线插孔组成,控制系统(15)中包含有直流稳压电源(2)、继电器(3)、继电器驱动(4)、CPU电路(5)、信号放大器(6)、电流信号采样电路(7)、手动启动键(13)和状态指示灯(12),CPU电路(5)包括时钟电路(8)、电源模式管理(9)、ADC转换电路(10)和Zigbee系统(11),采用Zigbee技术无线实时监控智能开关系统的切断与接通,采用继电器驱动(4)控制继电器(3)的闭合或断开,在电路待机状态时真正实现智能开关系统的0能耗,结构设计简单,切断和闭合效果显著,组装电路生产成本低。

Description

一种基于Zigbee技术的低能耗自切断式智能开关系统 技术领域
本发明属于节能减耗电路控制技术领域,主要涉及一种基于Zigbee技术的低能耗自切断式智能开关系统。
背景技术
电子设备,电气设备已经广泛应用到了家庭生活、工业加工等的各个领域。在电气技术和电子技术发展的共同推动下,电子器件和大型的机械设备安全性、稳定性、舒适性以及娱乐性都得到了很大提高。随着无线技术的发展电子设备和电气设备也逐渐走向遥控控制,遥控控制最大的优点就是遥控界面的人性化以及可以远距离对生产设备进行启动或关闭,即使没有采用遥控对设备进行控制,设备也都使用了开机-关机-待机这个常规的设备运行状态。
当电子设备或电气设备处于待机过程或者长期静置状态时,需要中断电源供应,从而避免电力损耗甚至引发火灾事故。传统的电源管理主要采用手动去掉开关端线束或者去掉电源插接件等机械操作,智能化程度低,操作困难,容易遗忘,因此,目前有很多的研究者研发了一系列的自动断电系统或设备,也被应用了生产和生活中。
专利CN 103144542A公开一种自动断电控制系统,包括电源输入接口和电源输出接口,其特征在于:在电源输入接口与电源输出接口之间串接有MOS开关,所述MOS开关的开关控制端与微控制器的输出管脚相连,微控制器的一个输入管脚连接在诊断仪指令输入接口上,微控制器根据诊断仪指令输入接口输入的系统状态指令控制MOS开关的开关状态,从而实现电源输入接口与电源输出接口之间的通断控制。其显著效果是:可用于汽车电源智能管理,通过对汽车系统状态的实时检测和对供电线路的通断控制,实现了对汽车电源的智能化管理,避免了因为长期过放电造成汽车不能启动,提高了供电系统的安全性和 稳定性,然而,这种技术无法实现在待机时实现零功率损耗,且无法实时检测断电和开启的状态。
专利CN103427207A公开了一种可单手拔出插头的自动断电插座及其接插方法,它包括壳体、盖板、电源指示灯、电源开关、第一插口、第一顶柱、第一簧片座、第一大电流微动开关、第一复位簧等;本发明适用于扩展或者延伸一般固定于墙面或者地面上的电源接口,且仅需要一只手就可以完成插头拔出动作。拔出插头时,使用者以拇指和食指(或中指、无名指)的第一关节为支点,向上撬起插头;在插头被撬起的过程中,大电流微动开关自动切断该插口的电路连接,确保了整个拔出插头过程的安全性。同时,在拔出插头后,插口保持断电状态,避免了儿童意外碰触导致触电事故的发生,该发明具有结构简单、使用简便、安全性高、可靠性好、使用范围广等优点。然而,该专利同样无法实现在待机时实现零功率损耗,无法实时检测断电和开启的状态,仅仅提供了插头的自动断电插座结构及其接插方法,没有涉及具体的系统和实现电路。
专利CN103560049A公开了一种定时自动断电节能装置,属于电源控制技术领域,包括外壳及安装在外壳内的电气元件;主路控制电路中,电源输入端正极依次串联空气开关、主路接触器触头、分路接触器触点后,与负载连接;电源输入端正极C始端另串联时间控制开关和主路接触器线圈后,连接到电源输入端负极;分路控制电路中,电源输入端正极串联按钮开关、分路接触器线圈后,连接到电源输出端负极;该发明在无人值守情况下按照设定的时间自动断开用电设备电源,避免资源浪费,降低了无人值守环境下使用电器的潜在危险,利于节约用电、安全用电。但是该专利也不能实现零功率损耗,且无法实时检测断电和开启的状态。
综上所述,现有自动断电开关或装置在结构设计上复杂且智能化程度并不高,要么结构复杂成本高、要么只是降低了待机的功耗没有完全实现零功耗,此外,目前还未发现有使用Zigbee技术控制和监测智能切断开关的产品或系统。
发明内容
为了克服背景技术的不足,本发明提供了一种基于Zigbee技术的低能耗自切断式智能开关系统。主要解决了现有电器、机械设备使用时待机状态能耗浪费大,高能待机易引发事故等问题。
为解决上述技术问题,本发明所采用的设计方案是:一种基于Zigbee技术的低能耗自切断式智能开关系统,包括输入插头1、输出插座14和控制系统15,所述输入插头1由输入地线插孔、输入火线插孔和输入零线插孔组成,所述输出插座14由输出地线插孔、输出火线插孔和输出零线插孔组成,所述输入插头1中的输入地线插孔通过导线与输出插座14中输出地线插孔相连,所述控制系统15中包含有直流稳压电源2、继电器3、继电器驱动4、CPU电路5、信号放大器6、电流信号采样电路7、手动启动键13和状态指示灯12,所述CPU电路5包括时钟电路8、电源模式管理9、ADC转换电路10和Zigbee系统11,所述电源连接开关17接在Zigbee系统11与直流稳压电源2之间,所述Zigbee系统11与CPU电路5相连,所述CPU电路5与Zigbee协调器18相连,所述Zigbee协调器18与计算机Zigbee模块19相连,所述与计算机Zigbee模块19与手机APP客户端20相连,所述Zigbee连接终端16一端与CPU电路5相连另一端与信号感应器21相连。
本发明提出的一种基于Zigbee技术的低能耗自切断式智能开关系统,优选地,所述直流稳压电源2接在火线与零线之间为继电器3、电源模式管理9、CPU电路5和Zigbee系统11提供稳定的电源。
本发明提出的一种基于Zigbee技术的低能耗自切断式智能开关系统,优选地,所述电流信号采样电路7检测输入插头1和输出插座14的电流信号。
本发明提出的一种基于Zigbee技术的低能耗自切断式智能开关系统,优选地,所述信号放大器6对输入插头1和输出插座14的电流信号进行信号放大。
本发明提出的一种基于Zigbee技术的低能耗自切断式智能开关系统,优选地,所述ADC转换电路10将信号放大器6放大后的电流信号转换为时间上连续的数字信号。
本发明提出的一种基于Zigbee技术的低能耗自切断式智能开关系统,优选地,所述Zigbee系统11中的信号感应器21监测CPU电路5的状态并将信号传输到手机APP客户端20。
本发明提出的一种基于Zigbee技术的低能耗自切断式智能开关系统,优选地,所述CPU电路5控制继电器驱动4执行继电器3的接通或闭合,实现自切断低能耗过程。
本发明提出的一种基于Zigbee技术的低能耗自切断式智能开关系统,优选地,所述手动启动键13手动控制CPU电路5,Zigbee系统11无线监测和控制CPU线路5。
本发明提出的一种基于Zigbee技术的低能耗自切断式智能开关系统,优选地,所述继电器驱动4控制继电器3闭合和断开,实现线路的通电和断电。
本发明提出的一种基于Zigbee技术的低能耗自切断式智能开关系统,优选地,所述低能耗自切断式智能开关系统线路在继电器3断开时功耗为0。
本专利设计的优点:
1、采用Zigbee技术无线实时监控智能开关系统的切断与接通,可远程控制智能开关系统的智能化响应。
2、采用继电器驱动控制继电器的闭合或断开,在电路待机状态时真正实现智能开关系统的0能耗,减少了电力资源的浪费,也避免了长时间待机电气设备发热引发火灾。
3、本专利结构设计简单,切断和闭合效果显著,组装电路生产成本低,有利于实现产业化,且该专利实施对温度、湿度无需严格控制,因此,产业化投入成本低。
下面结合附图对本发明作进一步说明。
附图说明
图1是本发明基于Zigbee技术的低能耗自切断式智能开关系统结构示意图,其中,1-输入插头,2-直流稳压电源,3-继电器,4-继电器驱动,5-CPU电 路,6-信号放大器,7-电流信号采样电路,8-时钟电路,9-电源模式管理,10-ADC转换电路,11-Zigbee系统,12-状态指示灯,13-手动启动键,14-输出插座,15-控制系统。
图2是本发明Zigbee系统示意图,16-Zigbee连接终端,17-电源连接开关,18-Zigbee协调器,19-计算机Zigbee模块,20-手机APP客户端,21-信号感应器。
图3是本发明基于Zigbee技术的低能耗自切断式智能开关系统电路图。
具体实施方式
下面将结合本发明实施例中的附图和具体较佳实施方式,对本发明进行清楚、完整地描述。基于本发明中的实施例,本领域普通技术人员在没有付出创造性劳动前提下所获得的所有其他实施例,都属于本发明保护的范围。
如图1本发明基于Zigbee技术的低能耗自切断式智能开关系统结构示意图、图2本发明Zigbee系统示意图和图3本发明基于Zigbee技术的低能耗自切断式智能开关系统电路图所示,一种基于Zigbee技术的低能耗自切断式智能开关系统,包括输入插头1、输出插座14和控制系统15,所述输入插头1由输入地线插孔、输入火线插孔和输入零线插孔组成,所述输出插座14由输出地线插孔、输出火线插孔和输出零线插孔组成,所述输入插头1中的输入地线插孔通过导线与输出插座14中输出地线插孔相连,所述控制系统15中包含有直流稳压电源2、继电器3、继电器驱动4、CPU电路5、信号放大器6、电流信号采样电路7、手动启动键13和状态指示灯12,所述CPU电路5包括时钟电路8、电源模式管理9、ADC转换电路10和Zigbee系统11,所述电源连接开关17接在Zigbee系统11与直流稳压电源2之间,所述Zigbee系统11与CPU电路5相连,所述CPU电路5与Zigbee协调器18相连,所述Zigbee协调器18与计算机Zigbee模块19相连,所述与计算机Zigbee模块19与手机APP客户端20相连,所述Zigbee连接终端16一端与CPU电路5相连另一端与信号感应器21相连。
所述直流稳压电源2接在火线与零线之间为继电器3、电源模式管理9、CPU电路5和Zigbee系统11提供稳定的电源。
所述电流信号采样电路7检测输入插头1和输出插座14的电流信号。
所述信号放大器6对输入插头1和输出插座14的电流信号进行信号放大。
所述ADC转换电路10将信号放大器6放大后的电流信号转换为时间上连续的数字信号。
所述Zigbee系统11中的信号感应器21监测CPU电路5的状态并将信号传输到手机APP客户端20。
所述CPU电路5控制继电器驱动4执行继电器3的接通或闭合,实现自切断低能耗过程。
所述手动启动键13手动控制CPU电路5,Zigbee系统11无线监测和控制CPU线路5。
所述继电器驱动4控制继电器3闭合和断开,实现线路的通电和断电。
所述低能耗自切断式智能开关系统线路在继电器3断开时功耗为0。
本发明专利应用时,导线连接输入插头中的输入地线插孔、输入火线插孔和输入零线插孔,接入直流稳压电源,并将直流稳压电源接入继电器、继电器驱动、CPU电路、信号放大器、电流信号采样电路、Zigbee系统、手动启动键和状态指示灯,组建Zigbee系统,将信号感应器安装于Zigbee连接终端上,连接Zigbee连接终端与CPU电路,然后CPU电路与Zigbee协调器连接,然后Zigbee协调器与计算机Zigbee模块相连,计算机Zigbee模块通过无线与手机APP客户端相连。
该发明专利采用Zigbee技术无线实时监控智能开关系统的切断与接通,可远程控制智能开关系统的智能化响应,采用继电器驱动控制继电器的闭合或断开,在电路待机状态时真正实现智能开关系统的0能耗,减少了电力资源的浪费,也避免了长时间待机电气设备发热引发火灾,专利结构设计简单,切断和 闭合效果显著,组装电路生产成本低,有利于实现产业化,且该专利实施对温度、湿度无需严格控制,因此,产业化投入成本低。
各位技术人员须知:虽然本发明已按照上述具体实施方式做了描述,但是本发明的发明思想并不仅限于此发明,任何运用本发明思想的改装,都将纳入本专利专利权保护范围内。

Claims (10)

  1. 一种基于Zigbee技术的低能耗自切断式智能开关系统,其特征在于,包括输入插头(1)、输出插座(14)和控制系统(15),所述输入插头(1)由输入地线插孔、输入火线插孔和输入零线插孔组成,所述输出插座(14)由输出地线插孔、输出火线插孔和输出零线插孔组成,所述输入插头(1)中的输入地线插孔通过导线与输出插座(14)中输出地线插孔相连,所述控制系统(15)中包含有直流稳压电源(2)、继电器(3)、继电器驱动(4)、CPU电路(5)、信号放大器(6)、电流信号采样电路(7)、手动启动键(13)和状态指示灯(12),所述CPU电路(5)包括时钟电路(8)、电源模式管理(9)、ADC转换电路(10)和Zigbee系统(11),所述电源连接开关(17)接在Zigbee系统(11)与直流稳压电源(2)之间,所述Zigbee系统(11)与CPU电路(5)相连,所述CPU电路(5)与Zigbee协调器(18)相连,所述Zigbee协调器(18)与计算机Zigbee模块(19)相连,所述与计算机Zigbee模块(19)与手机APP客户端(20)相连,所述Zigbee连接终端(16)一端与CPU电路(5)相连另一端与信号感应器(21)相连。
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的一种基于Zigbee技术的低能耗自切断式智能开关系统,其特征在于,所述直流稳压电源(2)接在火线与零线之间为继电器(3)、电源模式管理(9)、CPU电路(5)和Zigbee系统(11)提供稳定的电源。
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的一种基于Zigbee技术的低能耗自切断式智能开关系统,其特征在于,所述电流信号采样电路(7)检测输入插头(1)和输出插座(14)的电流信号。
  4. 根据权利要求1所述的一种基于Zigbee技术的低能耗自切断式智能开关系统,其特征在于,所述信号放大器(6)对输入插头(1)和输出插座(14)的电流信号进行信号放大。
  5. 根据权利要求1所述的一种基于Zigbee技术的低能耗自切断式智能开关系统,其特征在于,所述ADC转换电路(10)将信号放大器(6)放大后的电流信号转换为时间上连续的数字信号。
  6. 根据权利要求1所述的一种基于Zigbee技术的低能耗自切断式智能开关系统,其特征在于,所述Zigbee系统(11)中的信号感应器(21)监测CPU电路(5)的状态并将信号传输到手机APP客户端(20)。
  7. 根据权利要求1所述的一种基于Zigbee技术的低能耗自切断式智能开关系统,其特征在于,所述CPU电路(5)控制继电器驱动(4)执行继电器(3)的接通或闭合,实现自切断低能耗过程。
  8. 根据权利要求1所述的一种基于Zigbee技术的低能耗自切断式智能开关系统,其特征在于,所述手动启动键(13)手动控制CPU电路(5),Zigbee系统(11)无线监测和控制CPU线路(5)。
  9. 根据权利要求1所述的一种基于Zigbee技术的低能耗自切断式智能开关系统,其特征在于,所述继电器驱动(4)控制继电器(3)闭合和断开,实现线路的通电和断电。
  10. 根据权利要求1所述的一种基于Zigbee技术的低能耗自切断式智能开关系统,其特征在于,所述低能耗自切断式智能开关系统线路在继电器(3)断开时功耗为0。
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