WO2019114091A1 - Remote control method and system for self-generation of electricity - Google Patents

Remote control method and system for self-generation of electricity Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2019114091A1
WO2019114091A1 PCT/CN2018/073427 CN2018073427W WO2019114091A1 WO 2019114091 A1 WO2019114091 A1 WO 2019114091A1 CN 2018073427 W CN2018073427 W CN 2018073427W WO 2019114091 A1 WO2019114091 A1 WO 2019114091A1
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Prior art keywords
broadcast
receiving
remote controller
remote control
bluetooth
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PCT/CN2018/073427
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
伍泽良
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深圳市浩博高科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201711320540.8 priority Critical
Priority to CN201711320540.8A priority patent/CN108198393A/en
Application filed by 深圳市浩博高科技有限公司 filed Critical 深圳市浩博高科技有限公司
Publication of WO2019114091A1 publication Critical patent/WO2019114091A1/en

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08CTRANSMISSION SYSTEMS FOR MEASURED VALUES, CONTROL OR SIMILAR SIGNALS
    • G08C17/00Arrangements for transmitting signals characterised by the use of a wireless electrical link
    • G08C17/02Arrangements for transmitting signals characterised by the use of a wireless electrical link using a radio link
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W12/00Security arrangements; Authentication; Protecting privacy or anonymity
    • H04W12/02Protecting privacy or anonymity, e.g. protecting personally identifiable information [PII]
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W4/00Services specially adapted for wireless communication networks; Facilities therefor
    • H04W4/06Selective distribution of broadcast services, e.g. multimedia broadcast multicast service [MBMS]; Services to user groups; One-way selective calling services
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W52/00Power management, e.g. TPC [Transmission Power Control], power saving or power classes
    • H04W52/02Power saving arrangements
    • H04W52/0209Power saving arrangements in terminal devices
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02DCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES [ICT], I.E. INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES AIMING AT THE REDUCTION OF THEIR OWN ENERGY USE
    • Y02D30/00Reducing energy consumption in communication networks
    • Y02D30/70Reducing energy consumption in communication networks in wireless communication networks

Abstract

Disclosed are a remote control method and system for self-generation of electricity. The method comprises the following steps: an energy collection step A, generating electricity by pressing a key so as to supply power for a remote control; and a data communication step B, the remote control sending, to a receiving end by means of a Bluetooth broadcast, a command to be sent, and the receiving end receiving the broadcast data and parsing same into a command that can be recognized by the receiving end. The system is used for implementing the remote control method for self-generation of electricity, and comprises a receiving end and a remote control. In the present invention, electricity is generated by pressing a key so as to supply power for a remote control, and data communication is realized by means of a Bluetooth broadcast. Bluetooth supports point-to-point and point-to-multipoint communication, and in order to realize point-to-multipoint communication, data is sent by means of a broadcast, so that receiving ends within a certain range can all receive data. Furthermore, there is no need to directly interact with a host during transmission and broadcast by means of Bluetooth. As such, power consumption caused by interaction can be reduced much of the time. Stable and reliable remote control of data transmission is thereby realized.

Description

一种自发电遥控方法及系统  Self-power generation remote control method and system
技术领域Technical field
本发明涉及能源和通信技术领域,尤其涉及一种自发电遥控方法及系统。The present invention relates to the field of energy and communication technologies, and in particular, to a self-powered remote control method and system.
背景技术Background technique
随着社会的发展,家电呈现智能化的趋势,而智能遥控器也应运而生,其广泛应用于各种家电,如电视、空调等,现有技术的智能遥控器中,它们的能量来源大都是电池,遥控器中的电池使用期限不长,频繁更换电池也增加了用户的使用成本一节一号电池在地里腐烂,它的有毒物质能使一平方米的土地失去使用价值;仍在水里,它其中所含的有毒物质会造成60万升水体的污染,相当于一个人一生的用水量。如何用一种清洁的方式来满足我们日常生活。因此,人们研发出了无电遥控器,通过自发电的方式给遥控器提供电能。而传统的无电遥控器,由于自发电采集的能量非常有限,数据传输的可靠性不高。 With the development of society, home appliances are showing an intelligent trend, and smart remote controllers have emerged. It is widely used in various home appliances, such as TVs, air conditioners, etc. In the prior art smart remote controllers, most of their energy sources It is the battery, the battery in the remote control is not used for a long time, and frequent replacement of the battery also increases the user's use cost. The first battery rots in the ground, and its toxic substances can make one square meter of land lose its use value; In the water, the toxic substances contained in it will cause pollution of 600,000 liters of water, equivalent to the amount of water used by a person throughout his life. How to satisfy our daily lives in a clean way. Therefore, people have developed an electric remote control to supply power to the remote control by means of self-generation. The traditional non-electric remote control, because the energy collected by self-generation is very limited, the reliability of data transmission is not high.
发明内容Summary of the invention
为了解决上述技术问题,本发明的目的是提供一种低功耗、可靠性高的自发电遥控方法及系统。In order to solve the above technical problems, an object of the present invention is to provide a self-generating remote control method and system with low power consumption and high reliability.
本发明所采用的技术方案是:一种自发电遥控方法,其包括以下步骤:The technical solution adopted by the present invention is: a self-generating remote control method, which comprises the following steps:
能量收集步骤A、通过按压按键发电给遥控器供电;Energy collection step A, powering the remote controller by pressing a button to generate power;
数据通信步骤B、遥控器将要发送的命令通过蓝牙广播方式发送至接收端,接收端接收广播数据,并将其解析为接收端能够识别的命令。Data communication step B, the command to be sent by the remote controller is sent to the receiving end through Bluetooth broadcast mode, and the receiving end receives the broadcast data and parses it into a command recognizable by the receiving end.
进一步,所述步骤B具体包括:遥控器将要传送的命令信息添加在蓝牙广播数据包中,并发送至接收端;接收端过滤遥控器以外的蓝牙设备UUID或者蓝牙地址,接收遥控器发送的广播数据后将广播包中命令信息提取出来,并将其解析为接收端能够识别的命令。Further, the step B specifically includes: the remote controller adds the command information to be transmitted in the Bluetooth broadcast data packet, and sends the command information to the receiving end; the receiving end filters the Bluetooth device UUID or the Bluetooth address other than the remote controller, and receives the broadcast sent by the remote controller. After the data, the command information in the broadcast packet is extracted and parsed into a command recognizable by the receiving end.
进一步,所述步骤B还包括:Further, the step B further includes:
当用户单次按遥控器按键时,遥控器在单个频道发射广播,When the user presses the remote control button a single time, the remote controller transmits a broadcast on a single channel.
当用户连续按压遥控器按键时,遥控器同时在三个广播频道发射可连接的数据广播,接收端在对应的频道应答后,遥控器记录这个应答的频道,就把它做为下次通信用的单一频道。When the user continuously presses the remote control button, the remote controller simultaneously transmits the connectable data broadcast on the three broadcast channels. After the receiving end responds to the corresponding channel, the remote controller records the answered channel, and uses it as the next communication. Single channel.
进一步,所述步骤B中遥控器对广播数据进行加密,接收端接收广播后对其解密。Further, in the step B, the remote controller encrypts the broadcast data, and the receiving end decrypts the broadcast after receiving the broadcast.
进一步,所述步骤A中发电方式还包括光能发电。Further, the power generation mode in the step A further includes light energy generation.
一种自发电遥控系统,其用于实施上述的自发电遥控方法,其包括接收端端和遥控器,A self-generating remote control system for implementing the above self-generating remote control method, comprising a receiving end and a remote controller,
所述遥控器包括The remote controller includes
能量收集装置、用于通过按压按键发电给遥控器供电;An energy collecting device for powering the remote controller by pressing a button to generate power;
蓝牙广播发送装置;用于将要发送的命令通过蓝牙广播方式发送至接收端;a Bluetooth broadcast transmitting device; configured to send the command to be sent to the receiving end by using a Bluetooth broadcast mode;
所述接收端端包括The receiving end includes
蓝牙广播接收装置、用于接收广播数据;a Bluetooth broadcast receiving device for receiving broadcast data;
命令解析装置、用于将接收来自遥控器的广播数据解析为接收端能够识别的命令。The command parsing means is configured to parse the broadcast data received from the remote controller into a command recognizable by the receiving end.
进一步,所述蓝牙广播发送装置还用于将要传送的命令信息添加在蓝牙广播数据包中的,并发送至接收端;所述蓝牙广播接收装置还用于过滤遥控器以外的蓝牙设备UUID或者蓝牙地址,接收遥控器发送的广播数据后将广播包中命令信息提取出来。Further, the Bluetooth broadcast sending device is further configured to add the command information to be transmitted in the Bluetooth broadcast data packet, and send the command information to the receiving end; the Bluetooth broadcast receiving device is further configured to filter the Bluetooth device UUID or Bluetooth other than the remote controller. The address, after receiving the broadcast data sent by the remote controller, extracts the command information in the broadcast package.
进一步,所述蓝牙广播发送装置还用于当用户单次按遥控器按键时,遥控器在单个频道发射广播,当用户连续按压遥控器按键时,遥控器同时在三个广播频道发射可连接的数据广播,遥控器记录应答的频道,把它做为下次通信用的单一频道;所述蓝牙广播接收装置还用于接收端在对应的频道应答。Further, the Bluetooth broadcast transmitting apparatus is further configured to: when the user presses the remote control button a single time, the remote controller transmits the broadcast on a single channel, and when the user continuously presses the remote control button, the remote controller simultaneously transmits the connectable on the three broadcast channels. The data broadcast, the remote controller records the answering channel, and uses it as a single channel for the next communication; the Bluetooth broadcast receiving device is also used for the receiving end to respond on the corresponding channel.
进一步,其还包括加密装置,其用于遥控器对广播数据进行加密,接收端接收广播后对其解密。Further, it further includes an encryption device for the remote controller to encrypt the broadcast data, and the receiving end decrypts the broadcast after receiving the broadcast.
进一步,其还包括光能发电装置,其用于光能发电给遥控器供电。Further, it also includes a photovoltaic power generation device for generating power for the remote controller.
本发明的有益效果是:本发明通过按压按键发电给遥控器供电,并通过蓝牙广播的方式实现数据通信,蓝牙支持点对点和点对多点通信,为了实现点对多点的通信,发送数据采用广播的形式,使得一定范围内的接收端都能收到数据。另外蓝牙发射广播时可以不要和主机进行直接的交互。这样可以降低很多时候由于交互产生的功耗。从而实现稳定可靠的遥控数据传输。The invention has the beneficial effects that the invention generates power to the remote controller by pressing the button power, and realizes data communication by means of Bluetooth broadcasting, and Bluetooth supports point-to-point and point-to-multipoint communication, and in order to realize point-to-multipoint communication, the data is transmitted. The form of the broadcast allows the receiver to receive data within a certain range. In addition, Bluetooth can not directly interact with the host when transmitting broadcast. This can reduce the power consumption due to interactions in many cases. Thereby achieving stable and reliable remote data transmission.
附图说明DRAWINGS
下面结合附图对本发明的具体实施方式作进一步说明:The specific embodiments of the present invention are further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
图1是本发明一种自发电遥控方法的流程图;1 is a flow chart of a self-generating remote control method of the present invention;
图2是本发明一种自发电遥控方法一具体实施例中的广播数据格式示意图;2 is a schematic diagram of a broadcast data format in a specific embodiment of a self-powered remote control method according to the present invention;
图3是本发明一种自发电遥控方法一具体实施例中的广播数据加密格式示意图。3 is a schematic diagram of a broadcast data encryption format in a specific embodiment of a self-generating remote control method according to the present invention.
具体实施方式Detailed ways
需要说明的是,在不冲突的情况下,本申请中的实施例及实施例中的特征可以相互组合。It should be noted that the embodiments in the present application and the features in the embodiments may be combined with each other without conflict.
如图1所示,一种自发电遥控方法,其包括以下步骤:As shown in FIG. 1, a self-generating remote control method includes the following steps:
能量收集步骤A、通过按压按键发电给遥控器供电;Energy collection step A, powering the remote controller by pressing a button to generate power;
数据通信步骤B、遥控器将要发送的命令通过蓝牙广播方式发送至接收端,接收端接收广播数据,并将其解析为接收端能够识别的命令。Data communication step B, the command to be sent by the remote controller is sent to the receiving end through Bluetooth broadcast mode, and the receiving end receives the broadcast data and parses it into a command recognizable by the receiving end.
作为优选的实施方式,所述步骤B具体包括:As a preferred implementation, the step B specifically includes:
遥控器将要传送的命令信息添加在蓝牙广播数据包中的,并发送至接收端;接收端过滤遥控器以外的蓝牙设备UUID或者蓝牙地址,接收遥控器发送的广播数据后将广播包中命令信息提取出来,并将其解析为接收端能够识别的命令。The remote controller adds the command information to be transmitted in the Bluetooth broadcast data packet and sends it to the receiving end; the receiving end filters the UUID or Bluetooth address of the Bluetooth device other than the remote controller, and broadcasts the command information in the packet after receiving the broadcast data sent by the remote controller. Extract it and parse it into a command that the receiver can recognize.
蓝牙发射广播时可以不要和主机进行直接的交互。这样可以降低很多时候由于交互产生的功耗。由于这些广播数据本身可以承载很小量的数据。比如蓝牙广播数据包中minor或者major数据。我们按键信息(遥控命令)放在minor以及major区域,再在广播的接收端做对应修改,把调制在广播包中按键信息提取出来,再转换为系统所认识的按键键值,比如UP,DOWN等按键,完成遥控器的按键操作。Bluetooth can not directly interact with the host when transmitting broadcasts. This can reduce the power consumption due to interactions in many cases. Since these broadcast data itself can carry a small amount of data. For example, minor or major data in a Bluetooth broadcast packet. Our button information (remote command) is placed in the minor and major areas, and then the corresponding modification is made at the receiving end of the broadcast, the button information of the modulation in the broadcast packet is extracted, and then converted into the key value recognized by the system, such as UP, DOWN. Wait for the button to complete the button operation of the remote control.
如图2所示,其示出了 major,minor的数据的数据格式,一个BYTE的遥控器软件硬件版本,一个BYTE设备ID,二个BYTE遥控器键值这三个私有数据,智能盒子或者蓝牙主机设备收到这个广播后,分离出这个三个私有数据。就得到了遥控发送过来的按键信息。从而控制UI的对应的动作。As shown in Figure 2, it shows Data format of major, minor data, a BYTE remote control software hardware version, a BYTE device ID, two BYTE remote control key values, three private data, smart box or Bluetooth host device after receiving this broadcast, separated This three private data. I got the button information sent by the remote control. Thereby controlling the corresponding action of the UI.
进一步作为优选的实施方式,遥控器对广播数据进行加密,接收端接收广播后对其解密。如图3所示,比如可以从第6个byte的数据进行加密。Further as a preferred embodiment, the remote controller encrypts the broadcast data, and the receiving end decrypts the broadcast after receiving the broadcast. As shown in FIG. 3, for example, data can be encrypted from the sixth byte.
下面以蓝牙低功耗传感器为例说明数据通信步骤B的实施办法。在本实施例中,传感器作信号发送端,定时发送采集到的数据,手机作为数据接收端接收到数据后记录这些数据,并把数据显示出来。The following describes the implementation of data communication step B by taking a Bluetooth low energy sensor as an example. In this embodiment, the sensor acts as a signal transmitting end, and periodically collects the collected data. After receiving the data, the mobile phone records the data as a data receiving end, and displays the data.
当手机收到传感器发送来的可连接的广播数据后,开始记录数据,当有下行数据要发送到传感器时,手机收到可连接广播后,把下行的数据放在下行的连接包里面,发起连接,传感器收到这个特定的可连接包后,解析数据,并完成指定的配置动作。由于数据量极少,不要求绝对的实时操作,所以数据都放在广播里,并且在规定的时间间隔内进行交互。由于尽可能的减少的传感器和手机间的互联,所以就不需要考虑连接,配对等等所产生的功耗和兼容性问题。实现了极低功耗的运行了蓝牙,甚至在待机状态不需要电。在外部有电的时候就唤醒设备,发射数据。做到免电池,仅采集环境能量就可以工作。When the mobile phone receives the connectable broadcast data sent by the sensor, it starts to record data. When there is downlink data to be sent to the sensor, after the mobile phone receives the connectable broadcast, the downlink data is placed in the downlink connection package, and the data is initiated. Connection, after the sensor receives this particular connectable packet, parses the data and completes the specified configuration action. Since there is very little data and no absolute real-time operation is required, the data is placed on the broadcast and interacted at regular intervals. Since the interconnection between the sensor and the handset is as small as possible, there is no need to consider the power consumption and compatibility issues caused by connections, pairing, and the like. It achieves very low power consumption and runs Bluetooth, even in standby mode. When the external power is available, the device is woken up and data is transmitted. To avoid battery, you can work only by collecting environmental energy.
传感器发射端:Sensor transmitter:
蓝牙上电后进入休眠模式,定时器定时唤醒系统。系统唤醒后,采集环境的温度,湿度数据,生成广播数据包,配置广播参数,设置为不可连接广播(当然也可以发射可连接广播,只是广播的时间间隔有区别,具体消耗的电能有区别,具体根据实际应用进行配置),时间间隔设为100ms。数据重复发送2-5次完之后,系统进入全休眠模式,等待下一次的外部唤醒或者定时器唤醒。保证在休眠期间的0功耗,或者最低功耗的模式。After the Bluetooth is powered on, it enters the sleep mode, and the timer wakes up the system periodically. After the system wakes up, collect the temperature and humidity data of the environment, generate broadcast data packets, configure broadcast parameters, and set the broadcast to be unconnectable (of course, you can also transmit connectable broadcasts, but the time interval of the broadcast is different, and the specific consumed power is different. Configured according to the actual application), the time interval is set to 100ms. After the data is repeatedly sent 2-5 times, the system enters the full sleep mode, waiting for the next external wake-up or timer wake-up. Guaranteed 0 power consumption during sleep, or mode with lowest power consumption.
主机端接收:Host receiving:
主机端在APP打开后,配置好广播的UUID过滤,等待接收广播。 主机收到广播后,解析数据,记录保存接收到传感器数据。 当有命令要发送的传感器时,主机发起连接数据下行到传感器的连接请求,传送数据给传感器,传感器收到数据后不回应,立即关闭连接。切换广播到新的状态。避免产生不必要的连接功耗。完成命令的下行。一般情况下是没有数据下行到传感器的,只有在有命令要写到传感器时,才进行这一动作。After the host is opened, the host configures the broadcast UUID filtering and waits to receive the broadcast. After the host receives the broadcast, it parses the data and records and saves the received sensor data. When there is a sensor to be sent, the host initiates a connection request for the connection data to the sensor, and transmits the data to the sensor. After the sensor receives the data, it does not respond and immediately closes the connection. Switch the broadcast to a new state. Avoid unnecessary connection power consumption. Complete the down command. Under normal circumstances, there is no data going down to the sensor, and this action is only performed when there is a command to write to the sensor.
当广播频道干扰比较严重时,在这样一些环境下,可能需要主机端,遥控端做些修改,指定某些非广播频道来规避广播频道干扰的问题,这个基本是软件配置的问题,只要双方按约定的配置进行配置。就可以规避遥控器干扰的问题。但是由于广播频道发生的改变,稍微降低了与其它正常蓝牙设备配对时连接的准确性。When the broadcast channel interference is serious, in such an environment, the host side may be required to make some modifications to the remote control to specify some non-broadcast channels to avoid the problem of broadcast channel interference. This is basically a software configuration problem, as long as both parties press The agreed configuration is configured. You can avoid the problem of remote control interference. However, due to changes in the broadcast channel, the accuracy of the connection when paired with other normal Bluetooth devices is slightly reduced.
作为优选的实施方式,所述步骤B还包括:As a preferred implementation, the step B further includes:
当用户单次按遥控器按键时,遥控器在单个频道发射广播,当用户连续按压遥控器按键时,遥控器同时在三个广播频道发射可连接的数据广播,接收端在对应的频道应答后,遥控器记录这个应答的频道,就把它做为下次通信用的单一频道。When the user presses the remote control button a single time, the remote controller transmits a broadcast on a single channel. When the user continuously presses the remote control button, the remote controller simultaneously transmits a connectable data broadcast on three broadcast channels, and the receiving end responds after the corresponding channel answers. The remote controller records the channel of this response and uses it as a single channel for the next communication.
由于蓝牙是固定的3个广播频道同时发射,比较容易受到干扰,而每次的采集的能量是非常有限的。所以在发射时候,我们会做一些正对性能量的优化。比如在这三个广播频道里做跳频优化,这样就会在相同的能量条件下,发射更多的次数,提高了数据接收的可靠性。接少了空中的丢数据的可能性。Since Bluetooth is a fixed three broadcast channels transmitting at the same time, it is more susceptible to interference, and the energy of each acquisition is very limited. So at the time of launch, we will do some optimization of the sexual energy. For example, in these three broadcast channels to do frequency hopping optimization, this will transmit more times under the same energy conditions, improving the reliability of data reception. The possibility of losing data in the air is reduced.
通常蓝牙的广播是在3个频道同时发射,也就是每发一个数据包,三个频道发送同样的数据包,而实际上接收端只需在一个频道接收到数据就可以了。因此一个频道发三次和3个频道发一次的所需的电能是一样多的,但实际上接收端只接收一个频道的广播,因此我们可以在本来没有跳频的蓝牙广播的3个频道进行跳频,来达到降低发射功耗的目的。Usually, the broadcast of Bluetooth is transmitted simultaneously on three channels, that is, each time a data packet is sent, three channels transmit the same data packet, and in fact, the receiving end only needs to receive data on one channel. Therefore, one channel sends three times and three channels need to send the same amount of power, but in fact the receiver only receives one channel of the broadcast, so we can jump on the 3 channels of the Bluetooth broadcast without the frequency hopping. Frequency, to achieve the purpose of reducing the power consumption of the transmission.
具体的,通常广播发射的是不可连接广播,单次按键,也就是单频道,1-n次的广播(发射次根据实际采集的电量来确定,一般2-5次左右)在连续按键几次后,表明接收端可能没有收到按键信息。系统转入跳频切换广播,也就是发射可连接广播,这时候,遥控器监控3个广播频道的应答,监控到其中之一有应答时就作为下几次广播的发射频道。直到用户反复按键时触发跳频切换模式。Specifically, usually broadcast broadcast is not connectable broadcast, single button, that is, single channel, 1-n broadcast (the launch time is determined according to the actual collected power, generally 2-5 times) After that, it indicates that the receiving end may not receive the button information. The system switches to the frequency hopping switching broadcast, that is, transmits the connectable broadcast. At this time, the remote controller monitors the responses of the three broadcast channels, and monitors one of the broadcast channels as the next broadcast. The frequency hopping switching mode is triggered until the user repeatedly presses a button.
实现原理:蓝牙广播发送的电量来源是按键时的压力,当用户按遥控器冒个灯控按键时。发现灯并没有亮,会重复再按几次。如果当前广播的信道是没有受到干扰的,按一下,灯就亮了,人就不会再次按键了,发射和接收的通信就没有问题。如果没有接收到数据,灯不会亮,说明该信道受到了干扰,需要切换通信信道。当反复2-3次以上同样的按键操作时,收集的电量也较单次按键要多很多,这时发射可连接广播,也就是同时在三个广播发射可连接的数据广播,接收端在对应的频道应答后,发射端记录了这个应答的频道,就把它做为下次通信用的单一频道,由此来降低2/3左右的功耗,提高用户的按键感受度。 Implementation principle: The power source of the Bluetooth broadcast is the pressure when the button is pressed, when the user presses the remote control to take a light control button. If the light is not lit, it will be repeated several times. If the currently broadcasted channel is undisturbed, the light will be illuminated when the button is pressed, and the person will not press the button again, and the communication for transmitting and receiving will be no problem. If no data is received, the light will not illuminate, indicating that the channel is disturbed and the communication channel needs to be switched. When the same button operation is repeated 2-3 times or more, the collected power is also much more than that of a single button. At this time, the transmission can be connected to the broadcast, that is, the data broadcast can be connected in three broadcasts at the same time, and the receiving end corresponds. After the channel response, the transmitting end records the channel of the response, and uses it as a single channel for the next communication, thereby reducing the power consumption of about 2/3 and improving the user's button sensitivity.
能量优化主要是调整发射功率和系统启动时的功耗。调整发射功率,这个根据实际的使用情况进行调整,比如我们根据使用场景初始定义的发射功率是0dBm,在使用过程中发现按键的丢键率小于0.1%,那么可以认为能够降低一些发射功率来降低功耗。 系统启动所需的能量有很多方面,主要有如下几种优化。Energy optimization is mainly to adjust the transmit power and power consumption when the system starts. Adjust the transmit power, which is adjusted according to the actual usage. For example, the transmit power that we initially defined according to the usage scenario is 0dBm. If the key loss rate of the button is less than 0.1% during use, it can be considered that the transmit power can be reduced to reduce Power consumption. There are many aspects to the energy required to start the system. There are several optimizations as follows.
使用优质的超低功耗复位芯片,避免芯片上电时,复位时间长带来的功耗问题。Use a high-quality ultra-low-power reset chip to avoid power consumption caused by long reset time when the chip is powered on.
使用优质的晶振,使芯片能够快速的启振和稳定,减少启动能量的消耗。Using a high-quality crystal oscillator, the chip can be quickly started and stabilized, reducing the consumption of startup energy.
降低代码量,减少代码的装载时间。Reduce the amount of code and reduce the load time of the code.
优化启动过程中的峰值电流,避免峰值大电流导致电源电压剧烈的变化,增加了电路的交流耗损,电磁辐射耗损,复位等问题。Optimize the peak current during the startup process to avoid the sharp change of the power supply voltage caused by the peak large current, and increase the AC loss, electromagnetic radiation loss, reset and other issues of the circuit.
进一步作为优选的实施方式,所述步骤A中发电方式还包括光能发电。Further as a preferred embodiment, the power generation mode in the step A further includes light energy generation.
一种自发电遥控系统,其用于实施上述的自发电遥控方法,其包括接收端端和遥控器,A self-generating remote control system for implementing the above self-generating remote control method, comprising a receiving end and a remote controller,
所述遥控器包括The remote controller includes
能量收集装置、用于通过按压按键发电给遥控器供电;An energy collecting device for powering the remote controller by pressing a button to generate power;
蓝牙广播发送装置;用于将要发送的命令通过蓝牙广播方式发送至接收端;a Bluetooth broadcast transmitting device; configured to send the command to be sent to the receiving end by using a Bluetooth broadcast mode;
所述接收端端包括The receiving end includes
蓝牙广播接收装置、用于接收广播数据;a Bluetooth broadcast receiving device for receiving broadcast data;
命令解析装置、用于将接收来自遥控器的广播数据解析为接收端能够识别的命令。The command parsing means is configured to parse the broadcast data received from the remote controller into a command recognizable by the receiving end.
进一步作为优选的实施方式,所述蓝牙广播发送装置还用于将要传送的命令信息添加在蓝牙广播数据包中的,并发送至接收端;所述蓝牙广播接收装置还用于过滤遥控器以外的蓝牙设备UUID或者蓝牙地址,接收遥控器发送的广播数据后将广播包中命令信息提取出来。Further, as a preferred implementation manner, the Bluetooth broadcast sending apparatus is further configured to add command information to be transmitted in the Bluetooth broadcast data packet, and send the information to the receiving end; the Bluetooth broadcast receiving apparatus is further configured to filter the The Bluetooth device UUID or Bluetooth address, after receiving the broadcast data sent by the remote controller, extracts the command information in the broadcast packet.
进一步作为优选的实施方式,所述蓝牙广播发送装置还用于当用户单次按遥控器按键时,遥控器在单个频道发射广播,当用户连续按压遥控器按键时,遥控器同时在三个广播频道发射可连接的数据广播,遥控器记录应答的频道,把它做为下次通信用的单一频道;所述蓝牙广播接收装置还用于接收端在对应的频道应答。Further, as a preferred implementation manner, the Bluetooth broadcast transmitting apparatus is further configured to: when the user presses the remote control button for a single time, the remote controller transmits a broadcast on a single channel, and when the user continuously presses the remote control button, the remote controller simultaneously performs three broadcasts. The channel transmits a connectable data broadcast, and the remote controller records the answered channel as a single channel for the next communication; the Bluetooth broadcast receiving device is further configured to receive the response on the corresponding channel by the receiving end.
进一步作为优选的实施方式,其还包括加密装置,其用于遥控器对广播数据进行加密,接收端接收广播后对其解密。Further as a preferred embodiment, it further includes an encryption device for the remote controller to encrypt the broadcast data, and the receiving end decrypts the broadcast after receiving the broadcast.
进一步作为优选的实施方式,其还包括光能发电装置,其用于光能发电给遥控器供电。Further as a preferred embodiment, it further includes a photovoltaic power generation device for generating power for the remote controller.
所述能量收集装置包括带有凹槽的PCB板,所述凹槽上方设置有可形变的压电片,所述压电片上设置有遥控按键。The energy collecting device comprises a PCB board with a groove, and a deformable piezoelectric piece is disposed above the groove, and the piezoelectric piece is provided with a remote control button.
以上是对本发明的较佳实施进行了具体说明,但本发明创造并不限于所述实施例,熟悉本领域的技术人员在不违背本发明精神的前提下还可做作出种种的等同变形或替换,这些等同的变形或替换均包含在本申请权利要求所限定的范围内。The above is a detailed description of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, but the present invention is not limited to the embodiments, and those skilled in the art can make various equivalent modifications or substitutions without departing from the spirit of the invention. Such equivalent modifications or alternatives are intended to be included within the scope of the claims.

Claims (10)

  1. 一种自发电遥控方法,其特征在于,其包括以下步骤:A self-generating remote control method, characterized in that it comprises the following steps:
    能量收集步骤A、通过按压按键发电给遥控器供电;Energy collection step A, powering the remote controller by pressing a button to generate power;
    数据通信步骤B、遥控器将要发送的命令通过蓝牙广播方式发送至接收端,接收端接收广播数据,并将其解析为接收端能够识别的命令。Data communication step B, the command to be sent by the remote controller is sent to the receiving end through Bluetooth broadcast mode, and the receiving end receives the broadcast data and parses it into a command recognizable by the receiving end.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的自发电遥控方法,其特征在于:所述步骤B具体包括:The self-generating remote control method according to claim 1, wherein the step B specifically comprises:
    遥控器将要传送的命令信息添加在蓝牙广播数据包中,并发送至接收端;接收端过滤遥控器以外的蓝牙设备UUID或者蓝牙地址,接收遥控器发送的广播数据后将广播包中命令信息提取出来,并将其解析为接收端能够识别的命令。The remote controller adds the command information to be transmitted in the Bluetooth broadcast data packet and sends it to the receiving end; the receiving end filters the Bluetooth device UUID or the Bluetooth address other than the remote controller, and receives the broadcast data sent by the remote controller and extracts the command information in the broadcast packet. Come out and parse it into commands that the receiver can recognize.
  3. 根据权利要求1或2任一项所述的自发电遥控器,其特征在于,所述步骤B还包括: The self-generating remote controller according to any one of claims 1 to 2, wherein the step B further comprises:
    当用户单次按遥控器按键时,遥控器在单个频道发射广播,When the user presses the remote control button a single time, the remote controller transmits a broadcast on a single channel.
    当用户连续按压遥控器按键时,遥控器同时在三个广播频道发射可连接的数据广播,接收端在对应的频道应答后,遥控器记录这个应答的频道,就把它做为下次通信用的单一频道。When the user continuously presses the remote control button, the remote controller simultaneously transmits the connectable data broadcast on the three broadcast channels. After the receiving end responds to the corresponding channel, the remote controller records the answered channel, and uses it as the next communication. Single channel.
  4. 根据权利要求1或2任一项所述的自发电遥控方法,其特征在于:所述步骤B中遥控器对广播数据进行加密,接收端接收广播后对其解密。 The self-generating remote control method according to any one of claims 1 to 2, characterized in that in the step B, the remote controller encrypts the broadcast data, and the receiving end decrypts the broadcast after receiving the broadcast.
  5. 根据权利要求3所述的自发电遥控方法,其特征在于:所述步骤A中发电方式还包括光能发电。 The self-generating remote control method according to claim 3, wherein the power generation mode in the step A further comprises light energy generation.
  6. 一种自发电遥控系统,其特征在于,其用于实施上述权利要求A self-generating remote control system, characterized in that it is used to implement the above claims
    1至5任一项所述的自发电遥控方法,其包括接收端端和遥控器,The self-generating remote control method according to any one of 1 to 5, comprising a receiving end and a remote controller,
    所述遥控器包括The remote controller includes
    能量收集装置、用于通过按压按键发电给遥控器供电;An energy collecting device for powering the remote controller by pressing a button to generate power;
    蓝牙广播发送装置;用于将要发送的命令通过蓝牙广播方式发送至接收端;a Bluetooth broadcast transmitting device; configured to send the command to be sent to the receiving end by using a Bluetooth broadcast mode;
    所述接收端端包括The receiving end includes
    蓝牙广播接收装置、用于接收广播数据;a Bluetooth broadcast receiving device for receiving broadcast data;
    命令解析装置、用于将接收来自遥控器的广播数据解析为接收端能够识别的命令。The command parsing means is configured to parse the broadcast data received from the remote controller into a command recognizable by the receiving end.
  7. 根据权利要求6所述的自发电遥控系统,其特征在于:The self-generating remote control system according to claim 6, wherein:
    所述蓝牙广播发送装置还用于将要传送的命令信息添加在蓝牙广播数据包中的,并发送至接收端;The Bluetooth broadcast transmitting apparatus is further configured to add the command information to be transmitted in the Bluetooth broadcast data packet, and send the command information to the receiving end;
    所述蓝牙广播接收装置还用于过滤遥控器以外的蓝牙设备UUID或者蓝牙地址,接收遥控器发送的广播数据后将广播包中命令信息提取出来。The Bluetooth broadcast receiving device is further configured to filter a Bluetooth device UUID or a Bluetooth address other than the remote controller, and extract the command information in the broadcast packet after receiving the broadcast data sent by the remote controller.
  8. 根据权利要求6或7任一项所述的自发电遥控系统,其特征在于:A self-generating remote control system according to any one of claims 6 or 7, wherein:
    所述蓝牙广播发送装置还用于当用户单次按遥控器按键时,遥控器在单个频道发射广播,当用户连续按压遥控器按键时,遥控器同时在三个广播频道发射可连接的数据广播,遥控器记录应答的频道,把它做为下次通信用的单一频道;The Bluetooth broadcast transmitting apparatus is further configured to: when the user presses the remote control button a single time, the remote controller transmits the broadcast on a single channel, and when the user continuously presses the remote control button, the remote controller simultaneously transmits the connectable data broadcast on the three broadcast channels. The remote controller records the answering channel and uses it as a single channel for the next communication;
    所述蓝牙广播接收装置还用于接收端在对应的频道应答。The Bluetooth broadcast receiving device is further configured to receive, by the receiving end, a corresponding channel response.
  9. 根据权利要求6或7任一项所述的自发电遥控系统,其特征在于:其还包括加密装置,其用于遥控器对广播数据进行加密,接收端接收广播后对其解密。The self-generating remote control system according to any one of claims 6 or 7, characterized in that it further comprises an encryption device for encrypting the broadcast data by the remote controller, and decrypting the broadcast after receiving the broadcast.
  10. 根据权利要求8所述的自发电遥控方法,其特征在于:其还包括光能发电装置,其用于光能发电给遥控器供电。 The self-generating remote control method according to claim 8, further comprising a photovoltaic power generation device for generating power for the remote controller.
PCT/CN2018/073427 2017-12-12 2018-01-19 Remote control method and system for self-generation of electricity WO2019114091A1 (en)

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